星云棋牌官网下载

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                  学术堂专业论文学习平台您当前的位置:学术堂 > 法学论文 > 法律论文 > 商标法论文

                  现行法律制度对商标恶意抢注的规制不足

                  时间:2019-02-18 来源:政法论丛 作者:魏丽丽 本文字数:20759字

                    摘    要: 商标恶意抢注有违诚实信用原则,应予规制。适用我国现行《商标法》规制恶意抢注在注册确权、侵权救济和法律责任承担方面存在局限性;基于《侵权责任法》保护民事权益的范围所限,商标恶意抢注并非均为民事侵权行为,适用《侵权责任法》难以对恶意抢注实施全面规制;以《反不正当竞争法》规制恶意抢注,可对其启用行政调查措施,并通过法律责任承担规定使得恶意抢注人为此承担民事责任和行政责任,但须以竞争关系的存在和构成不正当竞争行为为适用要件,因此存在边界限制。为有效规制恶意抢注,应当结合前述立法的功能定位选择多元化法律规制路径,并从明确恶意抢注商标不予注册、规定未经实际使用的注册商标不得转让、限制恶意抢注商标的请求权方面对我国商标立法以制度完善。

                    关键词:星云棋牌官网下载 商标恶意抢注; 商标法规制; 侵权责任法规制; 反不正当竞争法规制;

                    Abstract: Malicious rush-to-register trademarks violates the principle of good faith and should be regulated.The application of trademark law to regulate malicious registration has limitations in registration confirmation,tort relief and legal liability.Due to the limitation of the scope of tort liability law to protect civil rights and interests,not all malicious registration of trademarks belongs to civil tort,and it is difficult to regulate malicious registration comprehensively by applying tort liability law. The application of anti-unfair competition law to regulate malicious registration can initiate administrative investigative measures and make malicious preemptors bear civil and administrative liabilities through the provisions of legal liabilities. However,the existence of competition relations and the formation of unfair competition acts are the applicable requirements,so there are boundary restrictions.In order to effectively regulate malicious registration of trademarks, we should choose a diversified legal regulation path according to the function orientation of the aforementioned legislation,and perfect the trademark law in terms of clarifying that malicious rush-to-register trademarks are not registered,stipulating that registered trademarks that have not been actually used are not transferable,and restricting the right of claim for malicious rush-to-register trademarks.

                    Keyword: malicious rush-to-register trademarks; regulation of trademark law; regulation of tort liability law; regulation of anti-unfair competition law;

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                    一、《商标法》规制商标恶意抢注的局限性

                    (一)注册确权中《商标法》规制商标恶意抢注的局限性

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                    上述条款中,《商标法》第7条第1款关于诚实信用原则的规定有助于预防商标授权确权以及商标使用中违背诚实信用原则行为的发生,[1]对于规制商标恶意抢注具有较好的导向作用。但是,诚实信用原则的内涵丰富,具有高度的抽象性和模糊性,[2]其边界不易清晰界定,在商标注册的积极条件、消极条件以及商标异议、商标无效和法律责任承担等具体制度中,并无相应细化的法律条款对诚实信用原则以进一步贯彻和体现,使得位居于《商标法》总则中的诚实信用原则规定在商标审查确权实践中缺少可操作性和可执行性。若赋予商标确权机关以较大程度的自由裁量权,允许其灵活适用诚实信用原则条款以审查核准商标注册,则易于导致商标审查授权结果的难以预期性,削弱商标确权机关法律适用的权威性和稳定性,因此不宜成为规制商标恶意抢注行为的常用条款。[3]对此,笔者认为,我国《商标法》关于诚实信用原则的规定目前更适宜作为宣示性条款适用,其在商标授权确权实践中对具体恶意抢注行为的规制作用实为有限。
                   

                  现行法律制度对商标恶意抢注的规制不足
                   

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                    (二)侵权救济中《商标法》规制商标恶意抢注的局限性

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                    (三)法律责任承担中《商标法》规制商标恶意抢注的局限性

                  星云棋牌官网下载   SHANGBIAOEYIQIANGZHUSHUYUWEIFANCHENGSHIXINYONGYUANZEDEBUFAXINGWEI,DANDUIYUWEIFANCHENGSHIXINYONGYUANZEDEFEIZHENGDANGXINGWEI,WOGUOXIANXING《SHANGBIAOFA》BINGWEIGUIDINGJUTIDEFALVZEREN。FALVZERENGUIDINGDEQUESHISHIDECHENGSHIXINYONGYUANZETIAOKUANDUIEYIQIANGZHUXINGWEIDEGUIZHIJINLIUYUXINGSHI,NANYIFAHUIYINGYOUDESHIZHIXINGZUOYONG。MEIYOUFALVZERENDEGUIDINGBUSHIWANZHENGDEFALVGUIFAN,BUNENGZHENZHENGQIDAOGUIFANSHEHUISHENGHUODEZUOYONG。[2]

                    DUIYUWEIFAN《SHANGBIAOFA》DI13TIAO、DI15TIAO、DI32TIAODENGGUIDINGDEEYIQIANGZHUXINGWEI,SHANGBIAOZAIXIANSHIYONGRENKEYITICHUSHANGBIAOYIYI、QINGQIUXUANGAOZHUCESHANGBIAOWUXIAOYIXUNQIUFALVJIUJI,SHANGBIAOQUEQUANJIGUANTONGGUOBOHUISHANGBIAOZHUCESHENQING、XUANGAOYIZHUCESHANGBIAOWUXIAODENGFANGSHIDUIQISHISHIGUIZHI。DANSHIYONGSHANGBIAOYIYI、WUXIAOXUANGAO、BUYUZHUCEDENGGUIDINGDEFALVHOUGUOJINWEISHANGBIAOBUYUZHUCEHUOZHEXUANGAOYIZHUCESHANGBIAOWUXIAO,DUIYUBEIQIANGZHURENYINEYIQIANGZHUZAOSHOUDELIYISUNSHI,YIJIQIANGZHURENQIANGXIANZHUCETARENSHANGBIAODEZHUGUANEYI,《SHANGBIAOFA》BINGWEIGUIDINGXIANGYINGDEPEICHANGZERENHECHENGFAXINGCUOSHI。SHISHISHANG,SHANGBIAOEYIQIANGZHUJINWEISHANGBIAOZHUCESHENQINGHESHENCHASHOUQUANZHONGDETESHUQINGXING,JIYUSHANGBIAOSHENQING、SHENCHA、SHOUQUANZHIDUDEXINGZHIHEGONGNENG,ZAISHANGBIAOZHUCESHENQINGBEIBOHUIHUOZHEXUANGAOZHUCESHANGBIAOWUXIAODEQINGKUANGXIAGUIDINGSHANGBIAOSHENQINGRENHUOZHESHANGBIAOZHUCERENDECHENGJIEXINGFALVZEREN,DUIYU《SHANGBIAOFA》ERYANBINGBUSHIYI。

                    YINCI,YIJUWOGUOXIANXINGSHANGBIAOLIFADEQIANSHUGUIDING,QIANGZHURENCHUWUFAQUDEHUOSANGSHIQIQIANGZHUBIAOSHIDEZHUCESHANGBIAOZHUANYONGQUANZHIWAI,WUXUPEICHANGQIEYIQIANGZHUXINGWEIJIZAIXIANSHIYONGRENZAOCHENGDEJINGYINGSHOUSUN、WEIQUANCHENGBENZHICHUDENGSUNSHI,YEBUYONGCHENGDANQITAMINSHIZEREN、XINGZHENGZERENHEXINGSHIZEREN。QIYUANYINZAIYU,DUIWEIFANSHANGSHUJINZHIEYIQIANGZHUTIAOKUANDEXINGWEI,《SHANGBIAOFA》MEIYOUGUIDINGXIANGYINGDEFALVZEREN,QIANQUEJUTIDECHENGJIETIAOKUAN,DAOZHISHANGBIAOEYIQIANGZHUSUIRANWEIYINGYUGUIZHIDEBUFAXINGWEI,DANSHIJISHANGWEIFACHENGBENJIDI,ZAIHENDACHENGDUSHANGFANGZONGNAIZHIGULIEYIQIANGZHUXINGWEIDECHANGJUE。

                    SIFASHIJIANZHONG,QIANGZHURENYIQIQIANGXIANZHUCEDESHANGBIAOZHENDUIBEIQIANGZHURENDESHANGBIAOSHIYONGXINGWEITIQISHANGBIAOQINQUANSUSONG,FAYUANZAIRENDINGQIJUYOUQIANGZHUEYIDEQIANTIXIA,TONGCHANGHUIBOHUIQISUSONGQINGQIU,DANYEJINXIANYUCI。LIRU,ZAIGUANGZHOUZHINANZHENHUIZHANFUWUGONGSI、GUANGZHOUZHONGWEIZIXUNGONGSISUXUNXIAOZHONGGUOSHANGMAOGONGSI、XUNXIAOZHONGGUOSHANGMAOGONGSIZHONGSHANDIANQINHAIQISHANGBIAOQUANJIUFENANZHONG,GUANGDONGSHENGZHONGSHANSHIDIYIRENMINFAYUANSHENLIRENWEI,YUANGAODUIQIZHUCESHANGBIAOBINGWUSHIJISHIYONG,QIEYITUYIGAOJIAZHUANRANGYUBEIGAO,QIZHUCESHANGBIAODEZHUGUANEYIMINGXIAN,YOUWEICHENGSHIXINYONGYUANZE,PANJUEBOHUIYUANGAOSUSONGQINGQIU。9ZAIWANGSUIYONGSUSHENZHENGELISIFUSHIGUFENYOUXIANGONGSI、HANGZHOUYINTAISHIJIBAIHUOYOUXIANGONGSIQINHAISHANGBIAOQUANJIUFENANZHONG,ZUIGAORENMINFAYUANRENWEI,DANGSHIRENWEIFANCHENGSHIXINYONGYUANZE,SUNHAITARENHEFAQUANYI,RAOLUANSHICHANGZHENGDANGJINGZHENGZHIXU,EYIQUDE、XINGSHISHANGBIAOQUANBINGZHUZHANGTARENQINFANQISHANGBIAOQUAN,SHUYUQUANLILANYONG,QIXIANGGUANQUANLIZHUZHANGBUYINGDEDAOFALVDEBAOHUHEZHICHI。10ZAISHANGSHUPANJUEZHONG,FAYUANJUNRENDINGYUANGAODESHANGBIAOZHUCEXINGWEIJUYOUZHUGUANEYI,WEIFANCHENGSHIXINYONGYUANZE,BOHUIQISUSONGQINGQIU。DANJIYUSHANGBIAOQINQUANSUSONGYIJISIFASHENPANYUANLISUOXIAN,FAYUANZAISHANGBIAOQINQUANJIUFENSHENLIZHONGTONGCHANGJINXIANYUDUISHANGBIAOQINQUANSHISHIBENSHENDERENDINGHEDUIYUANGAOSUSONGQINGQIUZUOCHUHUIYING。CHUBOHUIEYIQIANGZHURENDESUSONGQINGQIUZHIWAI,BINGWUPANJUEYUANGAO(SHANGBIAOEYIQIANGZHUREN)YINGYUPEICHANGBEIGAO(BEIQIANGZHUREN)YINCICHANSHENGDESHANGYUSUNSHI、LVSHIFEIZHICHUDENGFALVZEREN。

                  星云棋牌官网下载   ZONGSHANGSUOSHU,XIANXING《SHANGBIAOFA》DUIYUEYIQIANGZHUDEJINZHIZHUCEGUIZHIXUYIZAIXIANSHIYONGSHANGBIAOJUYOUYIDINGYINGXIANGHUOZHEZAIXIANSHIYONGRENYUSHENQINGRENZHIJIANJUYOUTEDINGGUANXIWEITIAOJIAN,DUIYUZHUCESHENQINGRENZHUGUANEYIYAOSUKAOLIANGDEHUSHISHIDE《SHANGBIAOFA》DUIYUEYIQIANGZHUDEGUIZHIZAIZHUCEQUEQUANJIEDUANSHIZHIPIANPO。SHANGBIAOEYIQIANGZHUYOUWEICHENGSHIXINYONGYUANZE,ERQIEJUYOUSHEHUIWEIHAIXING,DANBINGBUGOUCHENGSHANGBIAOQINQUAN,NANYISHIYONGSHANGBIAOQINQUANZERENGUIDINGYUYIGUIZHI。EREYIQIANGZHUJUTIFALVZERENGUIDINGDEQUESHI,SHIDESHIYONG《SHANGBIAOFA》GUIZHISHANGBIAOEYIQIANGZHUDEJUXIANXINGGENGJIATUXIAN。ZONGZHI,JIYUSHANGBIAOFALVYUANLIYIJIXIANXINGLIFAGUIDINGSUOXIAN,XIANXING《SHANGBIAOFA》NANYIDUIEYIQIANGZHUSHISHIYOUXIAOGUIZHI。

                    二、《侵权责任法》规制商标恶意抢注的非全面性

                  星云棋牌官网下载   YOUXUEZHERENWEI,SHANGBIAOEYIQIANGZHUSHUYUQINQUANXINGWEI,KESHIYONGQINQUANZERENFAYUYIGUIZHI。11BIZHEDUICICHIBUTONGGUANDIAN,BINGQIERENWEI,QINQUANXINGWEISHIQINQUANZERENCHENGDANDEQIANTIHEJICHU,SHANGBIAOEYIQIANGZHUBINGFEIJUNWEIMINSHIQINQUANXINGWEI,SHIYONGQINQUANZERENFANANYIDUIEYIQIANGZHUSHISHIQUANMIANGUIZHI。JUTIKEYICONGYIXIAJIFANGMIANJIAYIFENXI:

                    (一)《侵权责任法》保护的民事权益的范围

                    QINQUANXINGWEISHIQINHAITARENHEFAQUANLIHUOLIYIDEXINGWEI。QINHAIDE“QUAN”BUJINBAOKUOMINSHIQUANLI,ERQIEBAOKUOSHOUFALVBAOHUDELIYI。[5]P3GENJU《QINQUANZERENFA》DI2TIAODI1KUANGUIDING,QINHAIMINSHIQUANYI,YIZHAOBENFAYINGDANGCHENGDANQINQUANZERENDEWEIFAXINGWEI,JUNWEIQINQUANXINGWEI。NEIME,HEWEIMINSHIQUANYI?QIJUTIFANWEIRUHEJIEDING?《QINQUANZERENFA》DI2TIAODI2KUANYILIEJUFANGSHIGUIDINGLEXINGMINGQUAN、ZHEZUOQUAN、SHANGBIAOZHUANYONGQUANDENG18ZHONGMINSHIQUANLIHEMINSHILIYI,DANDUIYUMINSHILIYIDEFANWEIJINJIEDINGZHIRENSHEN、CAICHANLIYICHENGDU,WEIYUJINYIBUMINGQUE。GAIGUIDINGYI“……DENGRENSHEN、CAICHANQUANYI”BIAOSHU,BIAOMING《QINQUANZERENFA》DUIQIBAOHUDEQUANYIFANWEICHIYOUYIDINGDEKAIFANGXING,YISHIYINGSHEHUIFAZHANZHONGXINXINGMINSHIQUANYIDECHUXIAN。

                    GUANYUQINQUANZERENFASUOBAOHUDEMINSHILIYIDEFANWEI,YOUXUEZHERENWEI,SHOUFALVBAOHUDEMINSHILIYIYINGJUBEIHEFAXING、SIRENXINGHEKEJIUJIXINGTEZHENG。[6]P66-67YEYOUXUEZHERENWEI,QINQUANXINGWEISUOQINHAIDELIYIYINGJUYOUJUEDUIXING,RENHEDISANRENFUYOUBUDEQINHAIDEYIWU,QIEKEYIDUIKANGDISANREN。[5]P29HAIYOUXUEZHEZAIQIANSHUTIAOJIANJICHUSHANGJINYIBUTICHU,LIYIYINGDADAOZHONGDACHENGDU,QINGWEIDEMINSHILIYIBUYINGJINRU《QINQUANZERENFA》BAOHUFANWEI。[7]P139DUICI,BIZHERENWEI,MINSHILIYISHISHANGWEIBEIFALVRENKEWEIMINSHIQUANLIDESIFASHANGDELIYI,BINGFEISUOYOUDEMINSHILIYIJUNSHOUFALVBAOHU。QINQUANZERENFAZAIBAOHUTEDINGMINSHIZHUTISIRENHEFALIYIDETONGSHI,YEYINGWEIYIBANMINSHIZHUTIDEXINGWEIZIYOUTIGONGSHIDUDEFALVKONGJIAN,WEIQUEBAOMINSHIZHUTIDUIZISHENXINGWEIDEHELIYUQI,QISUOBAOHUDEMINSHILIYIXUMANZUXIANGYINGDEKEWEILIYIZHUTIZHIWAIDEBUTEDINGDERENHERENSUOMINGZHIHUOYINGZHIDETIAOJIAN。JIYUCI,CHUJUYOUFADINGXINGDEQUANLIWAI,QINQUANZERENFABAOHUDEHEFALIYIYINGDANGJUYOUGONGKAIXINGHELIYIZHONGDAXING,YIZHIYUWEIBUTEDINGDEMINSHIZHUTISUOZHIQINGHELEJIE,YEKEYIDUIKANGDISANREN,CONGERZAIYIDINGCHENGDUSHANGKEFUQIJIWUFALVGUIDINGYENANYIMINGQUEBIANJIEFANWEIDEBIDUAN。

                    (二)在先使用人对商业标识的使用行为

                    QINQUANXINGWEIDECHENGLIXUYIHEFAMINSHIQUANYIDECUNZAIWEIQIANTI,ZAISHANGBIAOEYIQIANGZHUZHONG,ZHUCESHENQINGRENXIANGSHANGBIAOJUSHENQINGZHUCEDESHANGBIAOWEIBEIQIANGZHURENYIZAIXIANSHIYONGDANSHANGWEIZHUCEDESHANGYEBIAOSHI,PANDINGSHENQINGRENQIANGXIANZHUCETARENZAIXIANSHIYONGSHANGYEBIAOSHIDEXINGWEISHIFOUGOUCHENGMINSHIQINQUANXINGWEIDEGUANJIANZAIYU,ZAIXIANSHIYONGRENDUIQIZAIXIANSHIYONGDESHANGYEBIAOSHISHIFOUXIANGYOUSHOUFALVBAOHUDEMINSHIQUANYI。

                    SHOUXIANLAIKANBEIQIANGZHURENDUIQIZAIXIANSHIYONGDESHANGYEBIAOSHISHIFOUXIANGYOUMINSHIQUANLI。GENJU《MINFAZONGZE》DI5ZHANGGUANYUMINSHIQUANLIDEGUIDINGYIJI《QINQUANZERENFA》DI2TIAODI2KUANGUANYUMINSHIQUANLIDELIEJU,ZAIQIANGZHURENTICHUZHUCESHENQINGZHIQIAN,RUGUOZAIXIANSHIYONGRENDUIQIZAIXIANSHIYONGDESHANGYEBIAOSHIYIJINGXIANGYOUXINGMINGQUAN、XIAOXIANGQUAN、ZHEZUOQUANDENGQIANSHUFALVGUIDINGDEMINSHIQUANLI,ZEQIQIANGZHUXINGWEIGOUCHENGDUISHANGYEBIAOSHIZAIXIANQUANLIDEQINHAI,MINSHIQINQUANXINGWEICHENGLI,KESHIYONGQINQUANZERENFADUIQIGUIZHI。ZHIDESHUOMINGDESHI,YOU《SHANGBIAOFA》DI32TIAOQIANBANDUAN“SHENQINGSHANGBIAOZHUCEBUDESUNHAITARENXIANYOUDEZAIXIANQUANLI”ZHIGUIDING,DUISHENQINGRENDEQIANGZHUSHENQING,SHANGBIAOJUYINGDANGYUYIBOHUI。RUOYIHEZHUNZHUCE,ZAIXIANSHIYONGRENKEYIYIJU《SHANGBIAOFA》DI45TIAOGUIDINGXIANGSHANGBIAOPINGSHENWEIYUANHUISHENQINGXUANGAOZHUCESHANGBIAOWUXIAO,TONGSHIHAIKEYIYIJU《QINQUANZERENFA》TIQIMINSHIQINQUANSUSONG,XUNQIUQINQUANZERENJIUJI。

                    QICILAIKANBEIQIANGZHURENDUIQIZAIXIANSHIYONGDESHANGYEBIAOSHISHIFOUXIANGYOUSHOUFALVBAOHUDEMINSHILIYI。ZAIWOGUO,SHANGBIAOQUANYIZHUCESHENQINGQUDE,SHIYONGSHANGYEBIAOSHIDEXINGWEIBENSHENBUNENGCHANSHENGSHANGBIAOQUAN,YEBUNENGCHANSHENGFALVGUIDINGDEQITAQUANLI。WENTIZAIYU,BEIQIANGZHURENDUIYUSHANGYEBIAOSHIDEZAIXIANSHIYONGNENGFOUCHANSHENGSHOUFALVBAOHUDEMINSHILIYI?SHANGYEBIAOSHIJUYOUQUFENTONGLEISHANGPINHUOFUWUDEGONGNENG,QIQUFENGONGNENGCHANSHENGYUDUISHANGYEBIAOSHIDESHIYONG,SHANGYEBIAOSHIYUQIZHIXIANGDESHANGPINHUOFUWUZHIJIANDEDUIYINGGUANXIYEZHIYOUZAISHANGYEBIAOSHISHIYONGZHONGDEYIJIANLI,QISHANGYUSUIZHIXINGCHENG,SHICHANGJIAZHIDEYIZHUBUTIXIAN。YINCI,SHANGYEBIAOSHIDESHANGYUJIAZHICHUQUJUEYUQIZHIXIANGDESHANGPINHUOFUWUDEZHILIANGZHIWAI,HAIYUQISHIYONGSHIJIAN、SHIYONGFANWEIDENGYINSUMIQIEXIANGGUAN。YIJUQIANSHUFENXI,RUOSHANGYEBIAOSHIZAISHIYONGZHONGCHANSHENGYIDINGDEYINGXIANGLI,JUYOUJIAOGAODEZHIMINGDU,WEIXIANGGUANGONGZHONGSHUZHI,QISHANGYUYINGWEIFUHEGONGKAIXINGHELIYIZHONGDAXINGYAOJIANDEMINSHILIYI,SHUYUSHOUQINQUANZERENFABAOHUDEHEFADEMINSHILIYI,DUICILEIZAIXIANSHIYONGSHANGYEBIAOSHIDEQIANGXIANZHUCEYINGDANGGOUCHENGMINSHIQINQUANXINGWEI。RUOSHANGYEBIAOSHISUIRANYIZAIXIANSHIYONG,DANBINGBUJUYOUJIAOGAODEZHIMINGDU,WUFAMANZUQINQUANZERENFABAOHUDEMINSHILIYIDEGONGKAIXINGHEZHONGDAXINGTIAOJIAN,DUIQIQIANGXIANZHUCEZEBUSHUYUMINSHIQINQUANXINGWEI,NANYISHIYONG《QINQUANZERENFA》YUYIGUIZHI。

                    CIWAI,ZAIJIYUDAILI、HETONG、YEWUWANGLAIGUANXIMINGZHITARENDUISHANGYEBIAOSHIDEZAIXIANSHIYONGERQIANGXIANZHUCEQINGXINGZHONG,SHIWEIQIANGZHURENYUZAIXIANSHIYONGRENTEDINGMINSHIZHUTIZHIJIANFASHENGDELIYIGUANXI,BUJUYOUDUIKANGDISANRENDEFALVSHUXING,BUFUHEQIANSHUQINQUANZERENFADEBAOHUTIAOJIAN,NANYIRENDINGWEIQINQUANXINGWEI,《QINQUANZERENFA》WUFADUIQISHISHIGUIZHI。

                  星云棋牌官网下载   YOUSHANGSHUFENXIKEZHI,SHANGBIAOEYIQIANGZHUBINGBUJIEWEIMINSHIQINQUANXINGWEI,XUYAOYIJUZAIXIANSHIYONGSHANGYEBIAOSHIDEYINGXIANGLIHEZHIMINGDUPANDUANQIZHONGDESHANGYUSHIFOUSHUYUQINQUANZERENFASUOBAOHUDEMINSHILIYI,SHIDEBUGOUCHENGQINQUANXINGWEIDESHANGBIAOEYIQIANGZHUXINGWEIBEIPAICHUYU《QINQUANZERENFA》DESHIYONGFANWEIZHIWAI,SHIYONG《QINQUANZERENFA》WUFADUISHANGBIAOEYIQIANGZHUSHISHIQUANMIANGUIZHI。ZHONGYAODESHI,HAIJIANGDAOZHISHANGBIAOEYIQIANGZHUDEGUIZHIJINCEZHONGYUDUIBEIQIANGZHUBIAOSHIYINGXIANGLIHEZHIMINGDUDEPANDUAN,ERHUSHIDUIQIANGZHUTARENZAIXIANSHIYONGSHANGYEBIAOSHIDEZHUGUANEYIHEQIANGZHUSHOUDUANDEBUZHENGDANGXINGDEKAOLIANG。

                    三、《反不正当竞争法》规制商标恶意抢注的优势与边界

                  星云棋牌官网下载   《FANBUZHENGDANGJINGZHENGFA》JUYOUWEIZHISHICHANQUANTIGONGBUCHONGBAOHUDEGONGNENG,ZHISHICHANQUANFAYUFANBUZHENGDANGJINGZHENGFAZAILIFAMUBIAOYUBAOHUDUIXIANGFANGMIANJUYOUXIANGTONGZHICHU。[8]ZAISHANGYEBIAOSHIQUANYIDEBAOHUZHONG,《SHANGBIAOFA》YU《FANBUZHENGDANGJINGZHENGFA》CHENGBINGLIEGUANXI,《SHANGBIAOFA》YIZHUCESHANGBIAOWEIBAOHUDUIXIANG,QUEBAOQIZHUANYONGQUANLIDEXINGSHI,《FANBUZHENGDANGJINGZHENGFA》ZEWEIWEIZHUCEDESHANGYEBIAOSHITIGONGFANHUNXIAOHEFANWURENBAOHU。SHANGBIAOEYIQIANGZHUSHIDUIZAIXIANSHIYONGDEWEIZHUCEBIAOSHIDEQIANGXIANSHENQINGZHUCE,JINERYIQIZHUCESHANGBIAOZHUANYONGQUANPAICHUTARENDUIZAIXIANSHIYONGBIAOSHIDEJIXUSHIYONG,YINCI,SHIYONG《FANBUZHENGDANGJINGZHENGFA》GUIZHISHANGBIAOEYIQIANGZHUBUJINJUYOUHEFAXING,ERQIEJUYOUZHENGDANGXING。

                    (一)《反不正当竞争法》规制商标恶意抢注的法律依据

                    《FANBUZHENGDANGJINGZHENGFA》TONGGUODUIZHUXIANGBUZHENGDANGJINGZHENGXINGWEIDEJIEDINGYIJIJIANDUDIAOCHAHEFALVZERENCHENGDANDEGUIDING,ZHIZAIZHIZHIBUZHENGDANGJINGZHENGXINGWEI,GULIHEBAOHUGONGPINGJINGZHENG。EYIQIANGZHUDESHANGBIAORUOSHIYONGYUSHANGYEJINGYING,JIANGYUZAIXIANSHIYONGRENZAISHENGCHANJINGYINGZHONGSHIYONGDESHANGYEBIAOSHIXIANGTONGHUOJINSI,YIYUCHANSHENGHUNXIAOHUOWUREN,GOUCHENGBUZHENGDANGJINGZHENGXINGWEI,KEYOUJIANDUJIANCHABUMENDUIQISHISHIDIAOCHA,BINGSHIYONGQIZHONGDEFALVZERENTIAOKUANYUYIGUIZHI。

                    DIYI,JINZHIHUNXIAOXINGWEITIAOKUANDUISHANGBIAOEYIQIANGZHUDESHIYONG。《FANBUZHENGDANGJINGZHENGFA》DI6TIAOGUIDING,JINGYINGZHEBUDESHISHIYINRENWURENWEISHITARENSHANGPINHUOZHEYUTARENCUNZAITEDINGLIANXIDEHUNXIAOXINGWEI,BINGYILIEJUJIADOUDIFANGSHIGUIDINGHUNXIAOXINGWEIDEJUTIQINGXING。GAITIAOKUANNENGFOUSHIYONGYUGUIZHISHANGBIAOEYIQIANGZHUDEGUANJIANZAIYU,EYIQIANGZHUSHIFOUSHUYUHUNXIAOXINGWEI,YEJISHIFOUYINRENDUISHANGPINFUWULAIYUANDEWUREN。ZAISHANGBIAOEYIQIANGZHUZHONG,SHENQINGRENQIANGXIANZHUCEDESHANGBIAOWEITARENYIZAIXIANSHIYONGDEWEIZHUCEBIAOSHI,TONGCHANGWEISHANGPINBAOZHUANG、ZHUANGHUANG、QIYEMINGCHENG、MINGRENXINGMINGDENG,QIZHUYAOGONGNENGJIZAIYUQUBIEHEBIAOSHISHANGPINFUWUDELAIYUAN。RUOSHENQINGRENJIANGYUTARENZAIXIANSHIYONGDEXIANGTONGHUOJINSIDEBIAOSHIQIANGXIANZHUCE,BINGSHIYONGYUQISHANGYEJINGYINGZHONG,QIEYUZAIXIANSHIYONGRENDESHANGPINFUWUXIANGTONGHUOLEISI,ZEBIRANDAOZHIXIANGGUANGONGZHONGDUISHANGPINFUWULAIYUANDEHUNXIAO,GOUCHENGBUZHENGDANGJINGZHENGXINGWEI,KESHIYONGYUBENTIAOGUIDING。JINGUANZHUCESHANGBIAOYIFAHEZHUNGONGGAO,JUYOUHEFADEXINGSHI,DANXINGSHIDEHEFABUNENGCHENGWEIBUZHENGDANGJINGZHENGXINGWEIDERENDINGLIWAI。

                  星云棋牌官网下载   DIER,FALVZERENTIAOKUANDUISHANGBIAOEYIQIANGZHUDEGUIZHI。《FANBUZHENGDANGJINGZHENGFA》YIZHUANZHANGXINGSHISHEZHIWEIFANBENFAGUIDINGDEFALVZEREN。12QIZHONG,DI17TIAOGUIDINGLEJITARENZAOCHENGSUNHAIDEBUZHENGDANGJINGZHENGXINGWEIYINGDANGCHENGDANMINSHIZERENYIJIPEICHANGSHUEDEJUTIQUEDING;DI18TIAOZHENDUIWEIFAN《FANBUZHENGDANGJINGZHENGFA》DI6TIAOGUIDINGSHISHIHUNXIAOXINGWEIDEXINGZHENGZEREN,BAOKUOZELINGTINGZHIWEIFAXINGWEI、MEISHOUWEIFASHANGPIN、XINGZHENGFAKUAN、DIAOXIAOYINGYEZHIZHAODENG;DI26TIAOGUIDINGLEYINBUZHENGDANGJINGZHENGXINGWEISHOUDAOXINGZHENGCHUFADE,YOUJIANDUJIANCHABUMENJIRUXINYONGJILU,BINGYUYIGONGSHI。SHANGBIAOEYIQIANGZHURUOGOUCHENGBUZHENGDANGJINGZHENGXINGWEI,KESHIYONGSHANGSHUTIAOKUANGUANYUMINSHIZEREN、XINGZHENGZERENYIJIXINYONGJILUGONGSHIDEGUIDING,SHIDEQIANGZHURENDUIQIEYIQIANGZHUXINGWEIFUCHUWEIFACHENGBEN,ZAICHENGJIETEDINGEYIQIANGZHUXINGWEIDETONGSHI,DUIYUSHEHUIGONGZHONGDEXINGWEIYEJUYOUJIAOYU、YINDAOHEYUFANGZUOYONG。

                    SIFASHIJIANZHONG,DUIYUJIANGTARENZAIXIANSHIYONGDESHANGYEBIAOSHIQIANGXIANSHENQINGSHANGBIAOZHUCEBINGJINXINGSHANGYESHIYONG,CONGERDAOZHIHUNXIAO、WURENDEXINGWEI,YIYOUFAYUANPANJUEGOUCHENGBUZHENGDANGJINGZHENGXINGWEI,BINGCHENGDANTINGZHIQINHAI、PEICHANGSUNSHIDENGFALVZERENDEANLI。LIRU,ZAISHENZHENGELISIFUSHIGUFENYOUXIANGONGSISUWANGSUIYONGQINHAISHANGBIAOQUANJIBUZHENGDANGJINGZHENGJIUFENANZHONG,ZUIGAORENMINFAYUANRENWEI,SHANGBIAOQUANRENWANGSUIYONGZAIDI7925873HAO“GELISI”SHANGBIAODESHIYONGZHONG,CUNZAIPANFUGELISIGONGSI“GELISI”QIYEZIHAOZHISHANGYUDEXINGWEI,DAOZHIXIANGGUANGONGZHONGDUIQICHANPINYUGELISIGONGSISHENGCHANDEXIANGGUANCHANPINCHANSHENGHUNXIAOHEWUREN,GOUCHENGBUZHENGDANGJINGZHENGXINGWEI。13

                  星云棋牌官网下载   ZONGSHANGSUOSHU,SHIYONG《SHANGBIAOFA》GUIZHISHANGBIAOEYIQIANGZHUJINGUANKEYISHIYONGBOHUIZHUCE、XUANGAOWUXIAODENGZHIDUGUIDING,DANQUESHISUNHAIPEICHANG、XINGZHENGFAKUANDENGJUTIFALVZERENDECHENGDAN;SHIYONG《QINQUANZERENFA》GUIZHISHANGBIAOEYIQIANGZHUXUYIGERENQUANYIZAOSHOUSHIJISUNHAIWEITIAOJIAN,QIEJINXIANYUMINSHIZERENDECHENGDAN;ER《FANBUZHENGDANGJINGZHENGFA》JIYUDUIJINGYINGZHE、XIAOFEIZHEHEGONGGONGLIYIDEDIEJIABAOHU,KEYIYUANYINGONGQUANLIJIUJI,TONGGUOQIZHONGDEFALVZERENTIAOKUANSHIDEQIANGZHURENWEIQIGOUCHENGBUZHENGDANGJINGZHENGXINGWEIDEEYIQIANGZHUCHENGDANTINGZHIQINHAI、PEICHANGSUNSHIDENGMINSHIZERENHEXINGZHENGZEREN,CONGERZENGJIAQIANGZHURENDEWEIFACHENGBEN。JIYUCI,BIZHERENWEI,SHIYONG《FANBUZHENGDANGJINGZHENGFA》GUIZHISHANGBIAOEYIQIANGZHUQUEYOUYOUSHI。

                    (二)《反不正当竞争法》规制商标恶意抢注的边界

                    《FANBUZHENGDANGJINGZHENGFA》DELIFAMUDEZAIYUZHIZHIBUZHENGDANGJINGZHENGXINGWEI,QIGUANYUDIAOCHACUOSHIHEFALVZERENDEGUIDINGJINSHIYONGYUBUZHENGDANGJINGZHENGXINGWEI,ERQIEBUZHENGDANGJINGZHENGXINGWEIDERENDINGXUYIJINGZHENGGUANXIDECUNZAIWEIQIANTI。DANZAISHANGBIAOEYIQIANGZHUZHONG,QIANGZHUSHENQINGRENYUZAIXIANSHIYONGRENZHIJIANBINGFEIJUNJUYOUJINGZHENGGUANXI,YEBINGFEISUOYOUDEEYIQIANGZHUJUNWEIBUZHENGDANGJINGZHENGXINGWEI,YINCI,SHIYONG《FANBUZHENGDANGJINGZHENGFA》GUIZHISHANGBIAOEYIQIANGZHUYINGDANGCUNZAIJIEXIAN,QIBIANJIEZAIYUEYIQIANGZHURENYUZAIXIANSHIYONGRENZHIJIANCUNZAIJINGZHENGGUANXI,BINGQIELIYONGQIEYIQIANGZHUSHANGBIAOSHISHIBUZHENGDANGJINGZHENGXINGWEI。QIZHONG,JINGZHENGGUANXISHICHUYUTONGYIJINGJIHUANJIEDEJINGYINGZHEZHIJIANDEZHIYUEGUANXI,YOUJINGYINGZHESHENGCHANJINGYINGDESHANGPINHUOFUWUJUYOUTIDAIXINGERFASHENG。[9]P4BUZHENGDANGJINGZHENGXINGWEISHIJINGYINGZHEZAISHENGCHANJINGYINGHUODONGZHONG,SUNHAIQITAJINGYINGZHEHUOZHEXIAOFEIZHEHEFAQUANYI,RAOLUANSHICHANGJINGZHENGZHIXUDEXINGWEI。14YOUCIKANCHU,JINGZHENGGUANXIHEBUZHENGDANGJINGZHENGXINGWEIJUNYI“JINGYINGZHE”WEIZHUTIYAOJIAN、YI“SHENGCHANJINGYINGHUODONG”WEIKEGUANTIAOJIAN。

                    SHIJIANZHONG,SHUYUSHANGBIAOEYIQIANGZHUDANBUGOUCHENGBUZHENGDANGJINGZHENGXINGWEIDEQINGXINGZHUYAOYOUYIXIAJIZHONG:QIYI,MINGZHI、YINGZHITARENDUISHANGYEBIAOSHIDEZAIXIANSHIYONGERYIBUZHENGDANGSHOUDUANQIANGXIANSHENQINGZHUCE,YEJIEYIQIANGZHUBENSHENBUGOUCHENGBUZHENGDANGJINGZHENGXINGWEI。JISHIEYIQIANGZHURENYUZAIXIANSHIYONGRENZHIJIANCUNZAIJINGZHENGGUANXI,EYIQIANGZHUYESUNHAILESHANGYEBIAOSHIZAIXIANSHIYONGRENDEHEFAQUANYI,DANSHANGBIAOZHUCEBUSHUYUSHENGCHANJINGYINGHUODONG,ERBUZHENGDANGJINGZHENGXINGWEIYINGDANGSHIJINGYINGZHEZAISHENGCHANJINGYINGHUODONGZHONGSHISHIDEXINGWEI。QIER,SHENQINGRENQIANGZHUTARENZAIXIANSHIYONGBIAOSHI,DANQIANGZHURENBINGBUCONGSHISHANGPINDESHENGCHANJINGYINGHUOFUWUDETIGONG,YEBUJIANGQIANGZHUSHANGBIAOSHIYONGZAISHANGPINHUOFUWUSHANG,ERSHIXIANGZAIXIANSHIYONGRENGAOJIADOUSHOUQIQIANGZHUSHANGBIAO,HUOYISHANGBIAOQINQUANSUSONGWEISHOUDUANHUOQUSUNHAIPEICHANG。YINQIANGZHURENYUZAIXIANSHIYONGRENBUCUNZAIJINGZHENGGUANXI,BUGOUCHENGBUZHENGDANGJINGZHENGXINGWEI。QISAN,QIANGZHURENYUZAIXIANSHIYONGRENCUNZAIJINGZHENGGUANXI,DANBINGBUSHIYONGQIANGZHUSHANGBIAOYUQISHANGPINHUOFUWUSHANG,ERSHITIQISHANGBIAOQINQUANSUSONG,YOUFAYUANPANJUESHANGYEBIAOSHIZAIXIANSHIYONGRENTINGZHIQINHAI,YICIPAICHUHUOXIANZHIJINGZHENGDUISHOU。YOUYUQIANGZHURENWEIJIANGQIANGZHUSHANGBIAOSHIYONGYUQISHANGPINFUWUJINGYINGZHONG,NANYIYINQIXIANGGUANGONGZHONGDUISHANGPINHUOFUWULAIYUANDEHUNXIAOHEWUREN,BUSHUYU《FANBUZHENGDANGJINGZHENGFA》DI6TIAOGUIDINGDEBUZHENGDANGJINGZHENGXINGWEI。

                    WENTIZAIYU,QIANSHUEYIQIANGZHUQINGXINGBUFUHE《FANBUZHENGDANGJINGZHENGFA》DI6TIAOGUANYUHUNXIAOWURENSHANGPINFUWULAIYUANDEGUIDING,KEFOUGENJU《FANBUZHENGDANGJINGZHENGFA》DI2TIAOGUANYUZUNXUNCHENGSHIXINYONGYUANZEHESHANGYEDAODEDEGUIDING,RENDINGWEIBUZHENGDANGJINGZHENGXINGWEINI?ZAIBAIERXIAOFEIZHEGUANAIKONGGUYOUXIANZERENGONGSI、BAIERXIAOFEIZHEHULIGUFENYOUXIANGONGSISULIQING、ZHEJIANGTAOBAOWANGLUOYOUXIANGONGSIBUZHENGDANGJINGZHENGJIUFENANZHONG,BEIGAOEYIQIANGZHUYUYUANGAOZAIXIANSHIYONGBIAOSHIXIANGJINSIDESHANGBIAO,BINGTONGGUOTAOBAOPINGTAIFAQIDALIANGTOUSUZHISHIYUANGAOCHANPINZAIXIAOSHOUWANGJIBEIPOXIAJIA,WUFAKAIZHANZHENGCHANGDESHENGCHANJINGYINGHUODONG。HANGZHOUSHIYUHANGQURENMINFAYUANSHENLIRENWEI,BEIGAOEYIQUDE、XINGSHISHANGBIAOQUANDEXINGWEI,WEIFANCHENGSHIXINYONGYUANZE,RAOLUANSHICHANGDEZHENGDANGJINGZHENGZHIXU,YINGDANGRENDINGWEI《FANBUZHENGDANGJINGZHENGFA》DI2TIAOGUIDINGDEBUZHENGDANGJINGZHENGXINGWEI,PANJUEBEIGAOTINGZHIEYITOUSUDEBUZHENGDANGJINGZHENGXINGWEI,BINGPEICHANGYUANGAOJINGJISUNSHI70WANYUAN。15

                  星云棋牌官网下载   BIZHERENWEI,“YIBANTIAOKUAN”JUYOUBUCHONGBUZHENGDANGJINGZHENGXINGWEILIEJUSHIGUIDINGBUQUANMIANHELIFAZHIHOUDEGONGNENG,SHIDEDUIBUZHENGDANGJINGZHENGXINGWEIDERENDINGJUYOUSHIDUDEDANXINGKONGJIAN,YIMANZUDUIYUXINLEIXINGBUZHENGDANGJINGZHENGXINGWEIDEGUIZHIXUQIU,DANQINEIRONGJIAOWEICHOUXIANGGAIKUO,NANYIZHUNQUEJIEDING,SHIYONGZHONGHUIZENGJIAFALVDEBUQUEDINGXING。WEITISHENGSHICHANGZHUTIDUIZIJIXINGWEIDEFALVYUQI,YINGDANGDUIGAITIAOKUANJINXINGTIAOJIANXING、XIANZHIXINGSHIYONG,YIBIMIANYIBANTIAOKUANSHIYONGDEKUOZHANGHUA。FANBUZHENGDANGJINGZHENGFADUIZHISHICHANPINDEBAOHUYINGXIANDINGYUYOUKETI、FAYIJICHUWAILINGYUZUCHENGDEKUANGJIANEIJINXING,QIZHONG,ZUOWEIKETIDEZHISHICHANPINXUJUYOUHENQIANGDEKESHIBIEXING,FAYIYINGJUXIANZAIXIANGGUANSHICHANGFANWEINEI。[10]FANBUZHENGDANGJINGZHENGFADEKUOZHANBAOHUZHISHAOYINGGAIKAOLVBEIGAODEZHUGUANYITU、YUANBEIGAOZHIJIANDEJINGZHENGGUANXIDENGYINSU。[11]BENANZHONG,BEIGAOBINGWEICONGSHISHANGPINSHENGCHANJINGYINGXINGWEI,NANYICHENGZHIWEIJINGYINGZHE,YUCONGSHIJUTISHANGYEJINGYINGDEYUANGAOBUCUNZAIJINGZHENGGUANXI,QISHISHIDEEYIQIANGZHU、EYITOUSUJINGUANYOUWEICHENGSHIXINYONGHESHANGYEDAODE,DANBUSHUYU“WEIFANBENFAGUIDING”DEXINGWEI,ERXIANXING《FANBUZHENGDANGJINGZHENGFA》YEBINGWEITIGONGZAIJUTISHILIZHIWAISHIYONG“YIBANTIAOKUAN”DEKONGJIAN。[12]DUICI,KEYISHIYONGQUANLIBUDELANYONGYUANZEBOHUIYUANGAODESUSONGQINGQIU,TONGSHI,TONGGUOWANSHANWANGLUOFUWUPINGTAISHANGDEZERENJIANGUANZHIDUDUILIYONGQIANGZHUSHANGBIAOJINXINGEYITOUSUDEXINGWEIYUYIXIANZHIHEYUESHU。SHENLIFAYUANDUIYUBEIGAOGOUCHENGBUZHENGDANGJINGZHENGXINGWEIDERENDINGYIJINGPIANLI《FANBUZHENGDANGJINGZHENGFA》DESHIYONGQIANTI,YEBUFUHEBUZHENGDANGJINGZHENGXINGWEIDEFALVJIEDING,YOUBUHELIKUOZHANGSHIYONG“YIBANTIAOKUAN”ZHIXIAN。

                    四、我国商标恶意抢注法律规制路径的优化

                    RUQIANSUOSHU,《SHANGBIAOFA》《QINQUANZERENFA》YIJI《FANBUZHENGDANGJINGZHENGFA》JUNKEYIDUISHANGBIAOEYIQIANGZHUSHISHIFALVGUIZHI,DANDUIYUEYIQIANGZHUDEGUIZHIYEDOUCUNZAIGEZIDEJUXIANXINGHESHIYONGBIANJIEXIANZHI。BIZHERENWEI,SHANGSHUFALVZAILIFAGONGNENG、LIFADINGWEIYIJIFALVXINGZHIFANGMIANGEYOUBUTONG,ZAIGUIZHISHANGBIAOEYIQIANGZHUZHONGYEGEYOUYOULIE,KEYIGENJUQIZHONGDELIBIXUANZEDUOYUANHUALUJINGDUIEYIQIANGZHUSHISHIDUOWEIDUGUIZHI。WUKEFOURENDESHI,ZAIFENXIWOGUOXIANXINGSHANGBIAOLIFAGUIZHISHANGBIAOEYIQIANGZHUQUEYOUJUXIANXINGDETONGSHI,YEFAXIANQIZHONGCUNZAIDEZHIDUQIANQUE,YOUDAITONGGUOLIFAWANSHANYIYOUXIAOEZHISHANGBIAOEYIQIANGZHU。

                    (一)商标恶意抢注法律规制的多元化路径

                    1.《商标法》规制商标恶意抢注的适用———以不予注册、限制权利行使与保护为中心

                  星云棋牌官网下载   WOGUOSHANGBIAOFAYIZHUCESHANGBIAOZHUANYONGQUANWEIZHONGXIN,WEIRAOZHUCESHANGBIAOZHUANYONGQUANDEQUDE、XINGSHI、XIANZHI、GUANLIHEBAOHUWEIZHUXIANJINXINGZHIDUSHEJI,ZHIZAIBAOHUZHUCESHANGBIAOZHUANYONGQUANRENLIYI,CUSHIQIWEIHUSHANGBIAOXINYU、BAOZHENGSHANGPINFUWUZHILIANG,YICIJIANJIEBAOZHANGXIAOFEIZHELIYI。XUYAOSHUOMINGDESHI,SHANGBIAOFALVZHIDUTONGGUOQINFANSHANGBIAOQUANXINGWEIYINGYUCHENGDANXIANGYINGMINSHIZEREN、XINGZHENGZEREN、XINGSHIZERENDEGUIDING,WEIZHUCESHANGBIAOZHUANYONGQUANTIGONGFALVBAOHU,DANSHANGBIAOQINQUANFALVZERENGUIDINGDESHIYONGDUIXIANGJINXIANYUZHUCESHANGBIAO,WEIZHUCESHANGBIAOWUFAHUODEQINFANZHUCESHANGBIAOZHUANYONGQUANFALVZERENBAOHU。

                    ZAISHANGBIAOEYIQIANGZHUZHONG,ZAIXIANSHIYONGRENWEIDUIQIZAIXIANSHIYONGDESHANGYEBIAOSHISHENQINGSHANGBIAOZHUCE,BUNENGSHIYONGSHANGBIAOFAGUANYUFALVZERENDEGUIDINGHUOQUBAOHU。XIANGFAN,EYIQIANGZHUSHANGBIAOJINGHEZHUNZHUCE,TONGCHANGQINGKUANGXIAKEXIANGYOUSHANGBIAOZHUANYONGQUANBAOHU,ERQIESHANGBIAOFAGUANYUQINFANSHANGBIAOQUANXINGWEIFALVZERENDEGUIDINGYEWUFASHIYONGYUSHANGBIAOEYIQIANGZHUXINGWEI。YINCI,ZAISHANGBIAOFASHIYUNEI,JINNENGTONGGUODUIEYIQIANGZHUSHENQINGBUYUZHUCEHEZHUN、DUIYIZHUCEDEEYIQIANGZHUSHANGBIAOBUTIGONGFALVBAOHUHUOZHEXIANZHIBAOHUFANGSHIGUIZHIEYIQIANGZHU,YICIWEIZAIXIANSHIYONGSHANGYEBIAOSHIDEBEIQIANGZHURENTIGONGJIANJIEXINGFALVBAOHU,DANZHEIYOUDAISHANGBIAOFALVZHIDUDEWANSHANFANGNENGSHIXIAN。

                    2.《侵权责任法》规制商标恶意抢注的适用———以恶意抢注民事侵权责任承担为中心

                    《QINQUANZERENFA》TONGGUODUIQINQUANZERENGOUCHENG、ZERENCHENGDANFANGSHIHESUNHAIPEICHANGFANWEIDEGUIDING,DUIQINQUANXINGWEISHISHIZHICAI,ZAIBAOHUMINSHIZHUTIHEFAQUANYIDETONGSHI,YEJUYOUYUFANGQINQUANXINGWEIFASHENGDEZUOYONG。DANSHI,YIBANQINQUANXINGWEIDERENDINGXUYIHEFAQUANLIHESHOUQINQUANZERENFABAOHUDEMINSHILIYIDECUNZAIWEIQIANTI,YEXUYISHIJISUNHAIDEFASHENGWEIGOUCHENGYAOJIAN,ERQIEQINQUANZERENFACEZHONGYUMINSHIZHUTIGERENLIYIZHIJIANDEPINGHENGYUBAOHU,QIZERENCHENGDANFANGSHIYEJINXIANYUTINGZHIQINHAI、PEICHANGSUNSHI、XIAOCHUYINGXIANG、PEILIDAOQIANDENGMINSHIZEREN,BUSHEJIXINGZHENGZERENHEXINGSHIZERENDECHENGDAN。YINCI,SHIYONG《QINQUANZERENFA》GUIZHISHANGBIAOEYIQIANGZHUYINGYIEYIQIANGZHUDUISHANGYEBIAOSHIZAIXIANSHIYONGRENDEQUANYIZAOCHENGSUNHAIWEITIAOJIAN,TONGGUOQIANGZHURENCHENGDANMINSHIQINQUANZERENFANGSHIDUIEYIQIANGZHUSHIYIFALVCHENGJIE。

                  星云棋牌官网下载   DANQIANTIZAIYU,SHANGYEBIAOSHITONGGUOBEIQIANGZHURENDEZAIXIANSHIYONGYIJINGCHANSHENGJIAOWEIZHONGDADEHEFALIYI,FANGSHUYUQINQUANZERENFASUOBAOHUDEMINSHILIYIDEFANWEI。ERPANDUANGAILIYISHIFOUZHONGDADEZHUYAOYINSUZAIYUQIWEIGONGZHONGSUOZHIDECHENGDU,YOUCIHUIDAOZHIDUIBEIQIANGZHUBIAOSHIZHIMINGDUYAOQIUDEQIANGHUAHEDUIQIANGZHURENZHUGUANEYIYINSUKAOLIANGDEHUSHI。YINCI,BINGFEISUOYOUDESHANGBIAOEYIQIANGZHUJUNKESHIYONG《QINQUANZERENFA》YUYIGUIZHI。

                    3.《反不正当竞争法》规制商标恶意抢注的适用———以恶意抢注不正当竞争行为民事责任、行政责任承担为中心

                    《FANBUZHENGDANGJINGZHENGFA》DELIFADINGWEIZAIYUZHIZHIBUZHENGDANGJINGZHENGXINGWEI、WEIHUSHICHANGGONGPINGJINGZHENGZHIXU,TONGGUODUIBUZHENGDANGJINGZHENGXINGWEIDERENDINGYIJIMINSHIZERENHEXINGZHENGZERENCHENGDANDEGUIDING,GUIZHIHEYUFANGBUZHENGDANGJINGZHENGXINGWEI,BAOHUJINGYINGZHE、XIAOFEIZHEHEFAQUANYIHESHEHUIGONGGONGLIYI。DUIYUSHEXIANGOUCHENGBUZHENGDANGJINGZHENGXINGWEIDESHANGBIAOEYIQIANGZHU,KEYIYOUJIANDUJIANCHABUMENCAIQUJIANCHAJINGYINGCHANGSUO、CHAXUNZHANGBUHEYINXINGZHANGHU、CHAFENGKOUYACAIWUDENGXINGZHENGQIANGZHICUOSHI;DUIYURENDINGWEIBUZHENGDANGJINGZHENGXINGWEIDEEYIQIANGZHU,CHUCHENGDANSUNHAIPEICHANGDENGMINSHIZERENZHIWAI,HAIYINGCHENGDANMEISHOUWEIFASHANGPIN、FAKUAN、DIAOXIAOYINGYEZHIZHAODENGXINGZHENGZEREN。

                  星云棋牌官网下载   XIANGBIYUSHANGBIAOFADUIYUSHANGBIAOEYIQIANGZHUDEXIAOJI、BEIDONGXINGGUIZHI,FANBUZHENGDANGJINGZHENGFAYINGSHUYUJIJI、ZHUDONGXINGGUIZHI;JIAOZHIYUQINQUANZERENFAGUIZHISHANGBIAOEYIQIANGZHU,FANBUZHENGDANGJINGZHENGFATONGGUOXINGZHENGQIANGZHICUOSHIHEXINGZHENGZEREN,GENGJUFALVCHENGJIEDEYANKEXING。DANSHI,FANBUZHENGDANGJINGZHENGFAYIBUZHENGDANGJINGZHENGXINGWEIWEIGUIZHIDUIXIANG,SHIYONGFANBUZHENGDANGJINGZHENGFAGUIZHISHANGBIAOEYIQIANGZHU,XUYIEYIQIANGZHUGOUCHENGBUZHENGDANGJINGZHENGXINGWEIWEITIAOJIAN,YIQIANGZHURENYUZAIXIANSHIYONGRENJUYOUJINGZHENGGUANXIWEIQIANTI。YINCI,BINGFEISUOYOUDEEYIQIANGZHUJUNKESHIYONGFANBUZHENGDANGJINGZHENGFAGUIZHI。

                    (二)商标恶意抢注规制中我国商标立法规定的完善

                  星云棋牌官网下载   JINGUANQINQUANZERENFAHEFANBUZHENGDANGJINGZHENGFAKEYITONGGUOFALVZERENGUIDINGDUIEYIQIANGZHUSHISHIZHICAI,DANERZHEJUNYOUQILIFAMUDEYUSHIYONGTIAOJIANXIANZHI,BUNENGDUIEYIQIANGZHUSHISHIQUANMIANGUIZHI。XIANXINGSHANGBIAOLIFAWEISHANGBIAOZHUCEHEZHUNHEQINQUANJIUJITIGONGFALVYIJU,TONGSHIYESHIEYIQIANGZHUSHANGBIAODEYICUNZAIBINGXINGSHIQUANLIDEFALVJICHU,YINCI,SHANGBIAOLIFAKEYIYEYINGDANGTONGGUOZHIDUWANSHANWEISHANGBIAOEYIQIANGZHUTIGONGQUANMIANGUIZHI。JIYUCI,BIZHENIYIWOGUOXIANXINGSHANGBIAOLIFAZAIGUIZHISHANGBIAOEYIQIANGZHUZHONGCUNZAIDEZHIDUPINGJINGWEISHIJIAO,WEIWOGUOSHANGBIAOFALVZHIDUDEWANSHANTICHUYIJIZHIJIAN。

                  星云棋牌官网下载   SHANGBIAOEYIQIANGZHUSHIYUSHANGBIAOXINGZHENGJIGUANYIFASHENCHA、SHOUYUQIANGZHURENZHUCESHANGBIAOZHUANYONGQUAN,QIANGZHURENYICIXINGSHISHANGBIAOQUAN,BINGXUNQIUSHANGBIAOFAJIYUQISHANGBIAOQINQUANJIUJI,DANJISHANGYEBIAOSHIZAIXIANSHIYONGRENDEHEFALIYIZAOCHENGSUNHAI,SHUYUYIXINGSHIHEFADESHANGBIAOQUANMOUQUSHIZHIWEIFEIZHENGDANGDEBUFALIYI。BIZHERENWEI,SHIYONGSHANGBIAOFAGUIZHIEYIQIANGZHUYINGDANGCONGSHANGBIAOQUANLIDESHENCHAQUEQUANKAISHI,ZUZHIEYIQIANGZHURENQUDESHANGBIAOQUAN,BINGZAIQIQUANLIXINGSHI、QUANLIJIUJIJIEDUANTONGGUOJUTIZHIDUDEWANSHANYUYIXIANZHI,YIGOUJIANSHANGBIAOFAGUIZHISHANGBIAOEYIQIANGZHUZHIDUDETIXIHUA。

                    1.明确规定恶意抢注商标不予注册

                  星云棋牌官网下载   WOGUOSHIXINGSHANGBIAOQUANZHUCEQUDEZHIDU,ZHUCEQUDEZHIDUSHISHANGBIAOQUANNEIRONGFADINGHUA、KETIGUDINGHUAHEQUANLIXINXIGONGSHIHUA,JIEJUELESHIYONGQUDEZHIDUYOUYUSHANGYUDESHISHIXING、BIANHUAXINGHECHOUXIANGXINGSUODAOZHIDESHANGBIAOQUANDEBUQUEDINGXINGWENTI。[13]DANZHUCEZHIDUYESHIDESHANGBIAOQIANGZHUHEZHUERBUYONGXIANXIANGPINFANFASHENG,[14]SHANGBIAOQIANGZHUSHISHIXINGSHANGBIAOQUANZHUCEQUDEZHIDUDEBIRANCHANWU,YESHIGAIZHIDUDEXIANTIANXINGQUEXIANSUOZHI。XIANGBIYUSHANGBIAOQUANSHIYONGQUDEZHIDU,ZHUCEQUDEZAISHANGBIAOQUEQUANFANGMIANJUYOUXIAOLVHEKEGONGSHIHUAYOUSHI,GENGYOULIYUJIAOYIANQUAN,YEFUHESHANGBIAOBAOHUDEGUOJIFAZHANQUSHI,WOGUOSHANGBIAOFAYINGDANGJIANCHIZHUCEQUDEYUANZE。[15]P67BIZHERENWEI,SHIXINGSHANGBIAOQUANZHUCEQUDEZHIDUJISHIWOGUOSHANGBIAOLIFADELISHICHUANTONG,YESHIJIYUQIBIJIAOYOUSHIHEGUOJIQUSHIDEXIANSHIXINGXUANZE,DANTONGSHIYINGDANGZHONGSHIDUIQIZHIDUBIDUAN———YIYUYINFASHANGBIAOEYIQIANGZHUXINGWEIDEKEFU。

                  星云棋牌官网下载   JIANYUSHANGBIAOEYIQIANGZHUZAIWOGUOLVJINBUZHIDEXIANZHUANG,YOUBIYAOZAI《SHANGBIAOFA》ZHONGMINGQUEGUIDING“EYIQIANGZHUDESHANGBIAOBUYUZHUCE”。TONGSHI,JIANGEYIQIANGZHUZUOWEISHANGBIAOYIYIHEXUANGAOZHUCESHANGBIAOWUXIAODEFADINGSHIYOUZAISHANGBIAOFAZHONGYUYIGUIDING,YISHI“EYIQIANGZHUSHANGBIAOBUYUZHUCE”GUIDINGZAISHANGBIAOQUEQUANZHIDUZHONGDEYIYIZHIXINGTIXIAN。YUANYINZAIYU:

                    QIYI,《SHANGBIAOFA》DI7TIAODI1KUANGUANYUCHENGSHIXINYONGYUANZEDEGUIDINGZAINEIHANFANGMIANJIWEICHOUXIANG,POJUMOHUXING,ERJIBENYUANZEZHENGSHIYIQIMOHUXINGSHIXIANBINGBAOZHANGFALVDELINGHUO、JIANDUANHEANQUANJIAZHI,[16]P427YONGCHENGSHIXINYONGYUANZEGUIDINGBUCHONGSHANGBIAOLIFAKONGBAI,YIYINGDUISHEHUIFAZHANZHONGDEBIANHUA,QIZAIGUIZHIEYIQIANGZHUZHONGWUYIJUYOUXUANSHIHEDAOXIANGZUOYONG。DANZUOWEIYUANZEXINGTIAOKUAN,WUXIANZHIDISHIYONGZEHUIWEIJIFALVDEANDINGXINGYIJIXINGWEIRENDUIQIXINGWEIFALVHOUGUODEKEYUJIANXING。DUICI,YIFANGMIAN,YINGDANGJIANGCHENGSHIXINYONGYUANZEGUANCHEYUSHANGBIAOQUEQUAN、SHANGBIAOQINQUANJIUJIDENGSHANGBIAOLIFADEJUTIZHIDUZHONG,TONGGUOJUTIGUIZEZENGQIANGGAIYUANZEXINGGUIDINGDEMINGQUEXING,YIXUNQIUYANGEGUIZEYUZIYOUCAILIANGDEJIEHE。LINGYIFANGMIAN,WEIXIANZHIDUICHENGSHIXINYONGYUANZETIAOKUANDELANYONG,SIFASHIJIANZHONGXUYAOYOUXIANSHIYONGJUTIGUIZE,[17]HUOZHETONGCHANGYUJUTIDEFALVGUIZEJIEHESHIYONG。DANWOGUOXIANXINGSHANGBIAOFABINGWUGUANYUJINZHIFEICHENGSHIXINYONGZHUCESHENQINGDEJUTIXINGZHIDUGUIDING,ZHISHICHENGSHIXINYONGTIAOKUANZAIEYIQIANGZHUGUIZHIZHONGQUESHIHELIXINGSHIYONGDEZHIDUTIAOJIAN。

                  星云棋牌官网下载   QIER,《SHANGBIAOFA》DI32TIAOGUIDINGZUOWEIMUQIANYONGYUGUIZHIEYIQIANGZHUDEZHUYAOTIAOKUANXUYIBEIQIANGZHUSHANGBIAO“YOUYIDINGYINGXIANG”WEITIAOJIAN。DUICI,BIZHERENWEI,SHANGBIAOEYIQIANGZHUSUIJUYOUSHANGBIAOZHUCEXINGWEIDEHEFAXINGSHI,DANSHIZHISHANGQUEYOUWEISHANGYEDAODEHECHENGSHIXINYONGYUANZE,YUSHANGBIAOFABAOHUZHUCESHANGBIAOZHUANYONGQUANDECHUZHONGXIANGWEIBEI,SHUYUMINGZHIQUEYOUYIWEIZHI,QIANGZHUTARENZAIXIANSHIYONGBIAOSHIZHIZHUGUANEYIMINGXIAN。YINCI,RENDINGSHANGBIAOEYIQIANGZHUCHENGLIYUFOUDEGUANJIANYINGDANGZAIYUDUIQIANGZHUREN“ZHUGUANEYI”HESHIYONG“BUZHENGDANGSHOUDUAN”DEPANDUAN,ERFEIDUIYUSHANGBIAOZHIMINGDUHEYINGXIANGLIDERENDING,YICITIAOKUANGUIZHIEYIQIANGZHUHUIYINFAGUIZHIZHONGXINPIANYI,NANYIYOUDEFANGSHI,WUFASHIXIANDUIEYIQIANGZHUGUIZHIDEQUANMIANXING。

                  星云棋牌官网下载   SHIJIEFANWEINEI,DUOSHUGUOJIAYEZAISHANGBIAOFAZHONGMINGQUEJINZHISHANGBIAODEEYIQIANGZHU。DEGUO《SHANGBIAOYUQITABIAOZHIBAOHUFA》YU2017NIANXIUDING,QIZHONGZAIDI8TIAO(2)ZENGJIADI10XIANGGUIDING“EYISHENQINGDESHANGBIAOBUDEZHUCE”;YINGGUO《SHANGBIAOFA》DI3TIAO(6)JIANG“CHUYUEYIHUOMOUZHONGCHENGDUSHANGCHUYUEYITICHUSHENQINGDESHANGBIAO”GUIDINGWEIBOHUIZHUCEDEJUEDUILIYOU;YU2017NIAN6YUEXIUDINGDE《OUMENGSHANGBIAOTIAOLI》ZAIDI59TIAOZHONGBAOLIULEYUAN52TIAOZHIGUIDING“SHENQINGRENTIJIAOSHANGBIAOSHENQINGJUYOUEYIXINGWEI”WEIZHUCESHANGBIAOWUXIAODEJUEDUILIYOU。BIZHERENWEI,SHANGSHUGUOJIAZAISHANGBIAOLIFAZHONGJINZHISHANGBIAOEYIQIANGZHUDEGUIDINGZHIDEWOGUOJIEJIAN,ZAI《SHANGBIAOFA》ZHONGYINGMINGQUEGUIDING“EYIQIANGZHUDESHANGBIAOBUYUZHUCE”RUCI,KEYIZAISHANGBIAOQUEQUANJIEDUANGENGJUZHENDUIXINGDIZUZHIEYIQIANGZHU,CONGERDADAOZAISHANGBIAOQUANLIQUDEDEYUANTOUHESHIDUANEZHIEYIQIANGZHUZHIMUDE。

                  星云棋牌官网下载   XUYAOSHUOMINGDESHI,RUBENWENDIYIBUFENSUOSHU,WOGUO《SHANGBIAOFA》ZAIDISICIXIUDINGZHONGZENGJIA“BUYISHIYONGWEIMUDEDEEYISHANGBIAOZHUCESHENQING,YINGDANGYUYIBOHUI”ZHIGUIDING,ZHIZAIQIANGDIAOSHANGBIAOZHUCESHENQINGYINGYISHANYIDESHANGBIAOSHIYONGWEIMUDE。DANYIFANGMIAN,《SHANGBIAOFA》JINTONGGUOBOHUIZHUCEFANGSHICONGFANMIANGUIDINGSHANGBIAOZHUCEYINGDANGJUYOUSHIYONGMUDE,BINGWEIJIANG“SHANGBIAOSHIYONGMUDE”MINGQUEZUOWEISHANGBIAOZHUCESHENQINGDETIAOJIAN,ZHISHIGAITIAOKUANZAISHIJIANZHONGDEKEZHIXINGXINGDAWEIJIANGDI。LINGYIFANGMIAN,JIYUSHIYONGTIAOJIANYUGUIZHIDUIXIANGSUOXIAN,SHIYONGGAITIAOKUANNANYIZHENDUIXINGDIGUIZHISHANGBIAOEYIQIANGZHU。JIYUCI,BIZHERENWEI,RUGUOWOGUODESHANGBIAOLIFAYOUYIQIANGDIAOSHANGBIAOZHUCESHENQINGDESHIYONGYITU,KEYIJIEJIANMEIGUO《LANHAMUFA》DI1051TIAOZHIGUIDING,JIANGSHANGBIAOYISHIJISHIYONGHUOZHEJUYOUZHENCHENGDESHIYONGYITUZUOWEISHANGBIAOZHUCESHENQINGTIAOJIAN,ZUQUEBUJUYOUSHIYONGYITUDEZHUCESHENQING。TONGSHI,MINGQUE“EYIQIANGZHUSHANGBIAOBUYUZHUCE”,SHANCHU《SHANGBIAOFA》DI4TIAODI1KUANXINZENGGUIDING,YIYOUXIAOGUIZHIEYIQIANGZHU。

                    CIWAI,GUIZHIEYIQIANGZHUXUYAOYI“EYIQIANGZHU”YUYIMINGQUE、JIEDINGQINGXIWEIQIANTI。XIANXING《SHANGBIAOFA》DI45TIAOSUIYOUGUANYU“EYIZHUCE”DEBIAOSHU,DANDUIQIHANYIWEIYUYIMINGXI,YINCI,YOUBIYAOZAI《SHANGBIAOFA》HUOZHE《SHANGBIAOFASHISHITIAOLI》ZHONGDUISHANGBIAOEYIQIANGZHUJIYUJIEDING。BIZHERENWEI,SHANGBIAOEYIQIANGZHUYINGWEIMINGZHIHUOYINGZHITARENDUIBIAOSHIDEZAIXIANSHIYONG,ERYIXIANGTONGHUOJINSIBIAOSHIZAIXIANGTONG、LEISISHANGPINFUWUSHANGQIANGXIANSHENQINGSHANGBIAOZHUCEDEXINGWEI。QIXIANGBIYU《SHANGBIAOFA》DI32TIAOYAOQIUZAIXIANSHIYONGSHANGBIAO“YOUYIDINGYINGXIANG”、SHIYONG“BUZHENGDANGSHOUDUAN”DEGUIDING,QIANSHUJIEDINGZHONGZAIQIANGDIAOQIANGZHURENDE“ZHUGUANEYI”,ERZAIXIANSHIYONGBIAOSHIDEYINGXIANGLIHEZHIMINGDUKEYIZUOWEIPANDUANZHUGUANEYIDEKAOLIANGYINSU,YEKEYIYINDAOHEGULISHEHUIGONGZHONGZAISHANGBIAODEZHUCESHENQINGHESHIYONGZHONGBUDUANCHUANGXIN。

                    2.限制未经实际使用的注册商标的转让

                    ZAIXINLIXUEZHONG,DONGJISHIJIFAHEWEICHIYOUJITIDEXINGDONG,BINGJIANGSHIXINGDONGDAOXIANGMOUYIMUBIAODEXINLIQINGXIANGHUONEIBUQULI。[18]P223FENXIQIANGZHURENSHISHIQIANGZHUXINGWEIZHIDONGJI,KEYISHIDEDUISHANGBIAOEYIQIANGZHUXINGWEIDEGUIZHIGENGJIAYOUDEFANGSHI。SHIJIANZHONG,EYIQIANGZHUDEXINGWEIDONGJIDAZHIYOUYIXIAJIZHONG:DIYI,JIANGQIANGZHUSHANGBIAOYONGYUSHANGYEJINGYING,DACHENGZAIXIANSHIYONGSHANGYEBIAOSHIDESHANGYUBIANCHE;DIER,QIANGXIANZHUCEQUEBINGBUSHIYONGYUSHANGYEJINGYING,ERSHIDAIJIAERGU,YONGYUGAOJIAZHUANRANGYIMOUQULIYI;DISAN,QIANGXIANZHUCEQUEBINGBUSHIYONGYUSHANGYEJINGYING,YITIQISHANGBIAOQINQUANSUSONGFANGSHIHUOQUZAIXIANSHIYONGRENDEQINQUANSUNHAIPEICHANGJIN,HUOYITINGZHIQINHAIZERENCHENGDANZUZHIZAIXIANSHIYONGRENDUISHANGYEBIAOSHIDEJIXUSHIYONG。

                    DUIYUDIYIZHONGQINGXING,JINGHEZHUNZHUCEDEEYIQIANGZHUSHANGBIAORUOSHIYONGYUSHANGYEJINGYING,YINYUBEIQIANGZHURENZAIXIANSHIYONGDESHANGYEBIAOSHIXIANGTONGHUOJINSI,ZESHIXIANGGUANGONGZHONGDUISHANGPINFUWULAIYUANCHANSHENGHUNXIAO、WUREN,KEYISHIYONG《FANBUZHENGDANGJINGZHENGFA》SHISHIGUIZHI。

                    ZAIDIERZHONGQINGXINGZHONG,EYIQIANGZHUSHANGBIAOZHUERBUYONG,ERSHIJIEJIDOUSHOUHUOLI,QIESHIJIANZHONGDUOYISHANGYEBIAOSHIDEZAIXIANSHIYONGRENWEIDOUSHOUDUIXIANG,WEIBIMIANGENGHUANSHANGYEBIAOSHIDAILAIDESUNSHIHEBUBIAN,ZAIXIANSHIYONGRENWANGWANGBEIPOYIGAOJIAMAIHUIBEIQIANGZHUBIAOSHIDESHANGBIAOQUAN。ZHUERBUYONGYOUWEIYUSHANGBIAOFABAOHUSHANGBIAOQUANDECHUZHONG,YEYUSHANGBIAO、SHANGYUHESHANGBIAOQUANDECHANSHENGJILIXIANGWEIBEI,WEICI,WOGUO《SHANGBIAOFA》DI49TIAODI2KUANZUOCHU“ZHUCESHANGBIAOWUZHENGDANGLIYOULIANXU3NIANBUSHIYONGKEYOUTARENXIANGSHANGBIAOJUSHENQINGCHEXIAO”GUIDING。DANYIFANGMIAN,《SHANGBIAOFA》DI48TIAODUI“SHANGBIAOSHIYONG”YOUCAIQUJIAOWEIGUANGYIDEJIEDING,JIANGSHANGBIAOSHIYONGYUSHANGPINJIAOYIWENSHU、GUANGGAOXUANCHUAN、ZHANLANDENGSHANGYEHUODONGYESHIWEISHANGBIAOSHIYONG,ZHEIJIUSHIZHANGQIWEISHIYONGZHUCESHANGBIAOYUSHANGPINFUWUJINGYINGDESHANGBIAOQUANRENKEYICIGUANGYIDESHANGBIAOSHIYONGFANGSHIQINGSONGGUIBIQIANSHUCHEXIAOTIAOKUANDESHIYONG。LINGYIFANGMIAN,CIGUIDINGYILIANXU3NIANBUSHIYONGWEITIAOJIAN,SHANGBIAOQUANRENKEYIXIANGTONG、JINSISHANGBIAOZAI3NIANJIEMANZHIQIANZAICISHENQINGZHUCEYIMIANYUBEICHEXIAO。CIWAI,CHEXIAOLIANXU3NIANBUSHIYONGZHUCESHANGBIAOXUYOUSHANGBIAOQUANRENZHIWAIDEDISANRENXIANGSHANGBIAOJUTICHUCHEXIAOSHENQING,ZHUGUANJIGUANWUQUAN、SHIJISHANGYEWULIZHUDONGSHENCHAYIHEZHUNZHUCESHANGBIAODESHIYONGQINGKUANG,HUANGLUNYIZHIQUANCHEXIAOZHANGQIXIANZHIBUSHIYONGDEZHUCESHANGBIAO。[19]ZHEIJIANGDAOZHILIANXU3NIANBUSHIYONGBENYINGYUYICHEXIAODEYIZHUCESHANGBIAO,YINWURENTICHUCHEXIAOSHENQINGERWEIYUCHEXIAO,BINGYICIXINGSHISHANGBIAOQUANDEZHUANYONGPAITAXIAOLI,GAOJIADOUSHOUQIQIANGZHUSHANGBIAO。

                    WEIEZHIZHUERBUYONG、DOUSHOUMOULIDEEYIQIANGZHUXINGWEI,BIZHEJIANYIZAI《SHANGBIAOFA》DI42TIAOZENGJIAGUIDING:“WEISHIJISHIYONGYUSHANGPINFUWUJINGYINGDEZHUCESHANGBIAOBUDEZHUANRANG”。ZAIBENZHISHUXINGSHANG,SHANGBIAOQUANSHUYUSIQUANLIFANCHOU。[20]P153SHANGBIAOQUANZIYOUZHUANRANGSHIZUNZHONGMINSHIZHUTISIQUANLICHUFENZIYOUDETIXIAN,DANSHANGBIAOYEJUYOUSHEHUIGONGGONGCHANPINSHUXING,[21]ERQIESHANGBIAOSHIYONGSHEJISHANGBIAOGUANLIZHIXU,JIYUSHEHUIGONGGONGLIYIDUISHANGBIAOQUANDEZHUANRANGQUANNENGYUYIXIANZHIJUYOUHELIXINGHEBIYAOXING,YEFUHEZHISHICHANQUANFADELIYIPINGHENGLILUN。ZHISHICHANQUANZHIDUANPAIYIPINGHENGZHISHICHANQUANRENDESIRENLIYIYUSHEHUIGONGGONGLIYIWEIJIBENMUBIAO,YIQUEBAOGONGGONGLIYIWEIZUIZHONGMUBIAO,ERLIYIPINGHENGSHIZHISHICHANQUANFADUISIQUANBAOHUBUKEQUESHAODEXIANZHIXINGJIZHI。[22]P313CIWAI,YISHIJISHIYONGYUSHANGPINFUWUJINGYINGZUOWEIZHUCESHANGBIAOZHUANRANGDEQIANZHITIAOJIAN,KEYOUXIAOGUIZHIZHIYEZHUBIAORENSHISHISHANGBIAOEYIQIANGZHUBINGGAOJIAZHUANRANGHUOQUBUZHENGDANGLIYIXINGWEI,BIMIANDALIANGZHUCESHANGBIAOXIANZHIBUYONG、PILIANGDUNJIXIANXIANG,YEKESHIDUJIEJUEJIYUFANGYUQIANGZHUZHIMUDEPILIANGZHUCEFANGYUXINGSHANGBIAOSUODAOZHIDEEXINGXUNHUANWENTI。

                    3.限制恶意抢注商标的侵权诉讼请求权

                    ZAIWOGUO,SHANGBIAOQUANYISHENQINGZHUCEYOUGUOJIASHANGBIAOJUHEZHUNERQUDE,GUOJIASHANGBIAOJUSHIFUZEHEZHUNSHANGBIAOZHUCE、SHOUYUZHUCESHANGBIAOZHUANYONGQUANDEWEIYIZHINENGBUMEN。SHANGBIAOSHOUQUANQUEQUANXINGWEISHIYIZHONGXINGZHENGQUERENXINGWEI。[23]YIJUXINGZHENGXINGWEIGONGDINGLILILUN,XINGZHENGXINGWEIYIJINGCHENGLI,BULUNSHIFOUHEFA,JIJUYOUBEITUIDINGWEIHEFADEFALVXIAOLI。[24]SHANGBIAOQUANYIJINGSHANGBIAOJUSHOUYU,FEIJINGFADINGJIGUANYIFADINGCHENGXUXUANGAOWUXIAO,JIANGCHIXUJUYOUXINGZHENGXINGWEIDEGONGDINGLIHEJUSHULI,YEJUYOUSHANGBIAOQUANDEZHUANYONGXIAOLIHEPAITAXIAOLI。YINCI,ZAISHANGSHUDISANZHONGQINGXINGZHONG,QIANGZHURENYIEYIQIANGZHUSHANGBIAOXIANGFAYUANTIQISHANGBIAOQINQUANSUSONG,QINGQIUZAIXIANSHIYONGRENTINGZHIQINHAIBINGPEICHANGSUNSHI,RUOWUYIZHUCESHANGBIAOZHIWUXIAOXUANGAO,ZEFAYUANTONGCHANGQINGKUANGXIAYINGDANGTUIDINGEYIQIANGZHUSHANGBIAOYOUXIAO,BINGZHICHIQISUSONGQINGQIU。YOUYUWOGUOSHIXINGSHANGBIAOQINQUANSUSONGYUXINGZHENGWUXIAOCHENGXUSHUANGGUIZHI,SHANGBIAOQINQUANJIUFENYOUMINSHISUSONGCHENGXUSHENLI,ZHUCESHANGBIAODEXIAOLIZHENGYIZEYOUXINGZHENGWUXIAOCHENGXUJUEDING,ERZHEBINGXINGFENLI,BIANJIEBUKEYUYUE。YINCI,RUGUOBEIKONGQINQUANRENZAISHANGBIAOQINQUANSUSONGZHONGYIEYIQIANGZHUTICHUKANGBIAN,ZEYOUBEIKONGQINQUANRENGENJU《SHANGBIAOFA》DI45TIAOGUIDINGSHENQINGXUANGAOZHUCESHANGBIAOWUXIAO,YEYIJINXINGDESHANGBIAOQINQUANSUSONGZANSHIZHONGZHI,DENGDAISHANGBIAOXINGZHENGJIGUANDEJUEDINGHUOCAIDINGYIPANDINGSHANGBIAOQINQUANXINGWEISHIFOUCHENGLI,YOUCICHANSHENGSHANGBIAOQINQUANSUSONGZHONGDEMINXINGJIAOCHAWENTI。RUOSHANGBIAOQUANRENHUOBEIKONGQINQUANRENDUISHANGBIAOXINGZHENGJIGUANZUOCHUDEWUXIAOXUANGAOJUEDINGBUMAN,JUNKETIQIXINGZHENGSUSONG,FAYUANZAIXINGZHENGSHENPANCHENGXUZHONGDUIXINGZHENGJUEDINGYOUSIFASHENCHAQUAN,KEYIDUISHANGBIAOJUSHOUQUANQUEQUANXINGWEIDEHEFAXINGZUOCHUCAIPAN,DANBUDEZHIJIEXUANGAOSHANGBIAOQUANDEXIAOLI,JINNENGPANJUEWEICHIHUOCHEXIAOXINGZHENGJUEDING、CAIDING。XINGZHENGSUSONGJINGERSHENZHONGSHENFASHENGZHIXINGXIAOLI,RUOQIZHONGYIFANGBUFUXINGZHENGJIGUANZHONGXINZUOCHUDEXINGZHENGJUEDING,KEZAIXINGTIQIXINGZHENGSUSONG。RUCIDEMINXINGJIAOCHAYUXUNHUAN,YANZHONGYINGXIANGSUSONGXIAOLV,SHIDESHANGBIAOQUANDEXIAOLIZHANGQICHUYUBUQUEDINGZHUANGTAI,YESHIDEDANGSHIRENDEQUANYIWUFADEDAOWEIHU,YINGXIANGGEANGONGZHENG。

                    WEIBIMIANSIFAJIGUANZUOCHUDESHANGBIAOQINQUANPANJUEYUSHANGBIAOXINGZHENGQUEQUANJIGUANDEWUXIAOCAIDINGXIANGCHONGTU,YINGXIANGSIFADEQUANWEIXINGHEWENDINGXING,BIZHERENWEI,RUOBEIKONGQINQUANRENTICHUEYIQIANGZHUKANGBIAN,FAYUANSHENLIRENWEISHANGBIAOQUANRENEYIQIANGZHUXINGWEIMINGXIAN,KEYIDUIQISUSONGQINGQIUBUYUZHICHI,PANJUEBEIKONGQINQUANRENBUCHENGDANSHANGBIAOQINQUANZEREN。CAIQUCIYUHUIPANJUEJIKEYISHIXIANGEANGONGZHENG,YEBUWEIBEIQIANSHUDEXINGZHENGXINGWEIGONGDINGLILILUN,YIJIXINGZHENGQUANYUSIFAQUANDEFENLIZHIHENG。JIYUCI,BIZHEJIANYIZAI《SHANGBIAOFA》DI64TIAOBUCHONGGUIDING:“ZHUCESHANGBIAOZHUANYONGQUANRENQISUTARENSHANGBIAOQINQUANDE,BEIKONGQINQUANRENYIEYIQIANGZHUSHANGBIAOTICHUKANGBIAN,RUGUORENMINFAYUANRENDINGEYIQIANGZHUXINGWEICHENGLI,BEIKONGQINQUANRENBUCHENGDANQINQUANZEREN。”

                    结语

                    SHANGBIAOEYIQIANGZHUSHIWEIFANCHENGSHIXINYONGYUANZEDEBUFAXINGWEI,QIESHEHUIWEIHAIXINGYANZHONG,LIYINGYUYIGUIZHI,ERDUIYUEYIQIANGZHUFALVGUIZHILUJINGDETANTAOZEGENGYOUBIYAO。WOGUO《SHANGBIAOFA》GUANYUSHANGBIAOQINQUANZERENDEGUIDINGWUFASHIYONGYUEYIQIANGZHUXINGWEI,JINNENGTONGGUOZHUCESHANGBIAOWUXIAOXUANGAOZHIDUYUYIGUIZHI,YINQUESHIFALVZERENCHENGJIEBEIXIANGUIZHIBULI。《QINQUANZERENFA》HE《FANBUZHENGDANGJINGZHENGFA》KEYITONGGUOQIFALVZERENTIAOKUANSHIDEQIANGZHURENWEIQIEYIQIANGZHUXINGWEICHENGDANMINSHIZEREN、XINGZHENGZERENNAIZHIXINGSHIZEREN,DANYINLIFAMUDEYIJIFALVZERENTIAOKUANDESHIYONGTIAOJIANSUOXIAN,BINGFEISUOYOUDESHANGBIAOEYIQIANGZHUXINGWEIJUNKEYINARUQIZHONGSHISHIGUIZHI。KEYISHUO,《SHANGBIAOFA》YU《QINQUANZERENFA》YIJI《FANBUZHENGDANGJINGZHENGFA》ZAISHANGBIAOEYIQIANGZHUGUIZHIZHONGGEJUJUXIANXING,QIEZAIGUIZHIFANGSHIHECEZHONGDIANFANGMIANYEHUYOUBUTONG。YINCIZAIXIANXINGLIFATIXIZHONG,YINGDANGXUANZEDUOYUANHUALUJINGDUIEYIQIANGZHUSHISHIQUANFANGWEIGUIZHI。

                    SHANGBIAOEYIQIANGZHUSHISHIXINGSHANGBIAOQUANZHUCEQUDEZHIDUDEBIRANCHANWU,JIYUZHUCEQUDEZHIDUZAISHANGBIAOQUEQUANZHONGDEQUEDINGXING、GONGSHIXINGHEXIAOLVHUAYOUSHI,WOGUOYINGDANGJIXUSHIXINGSHANGBIAOQUANZHUCEQUDEZHIDU,DANYINGDANGTONGGUOSHANGBIAOFALVZHIDUDEWANSHANYIYOUXIAOKEZHIZHUCEQUDEZHIDUDEXIANTIANQUEXIAN———EYIQIANGZHU。LINGYIFANGMIAN,SHANGBIAOFASHIHEZHUNSHANGBIAOZHUCEDEFALVYIJU,LIYINGTONGGUOLIFAGUIDINGDEDIAOZHENGZAISHANGBIAOSHOUQUANQUEQUANJIEDUANZUZHIEYIQIANGXIANSHENQINGSHANGBIAODEZHUCESHOUQUAN,WEICI,ZAIJIEDINGEYIQIANGZHUDEJICHUSHANG,JIANGEYIQIANGZHUSHANGBIAOJINZHIZHUCEZUOWEISHANGBIAOBUYUZHUCEDEJUEDUILIYOUSHIGENZHI、DUJUEEYIQIANGZHUDEYIJILIANGFANG。CIWAI,DONGJISHIDAOZHIXINGWEICHANSHENGDEYUANYIN,GENJUQIANGZHURENSHISHIEYIQIANGZHUXINGWEIDEDONGJIYINYINGSHICE,YOUBIYAOXIANZHIWEIJINGSHIJISHIYONGZHUCESHANGBIAODEZHUANRANG,BINGZAISHANGBIAOQINQUANJIUJIZHIDUZHONGDUIEYIQIANGZHUSHANGBIAODEQINGQIUQUANYUYIXIANZHI。YOUCI,ZAISHIXINGSHANGBIAOQUANZHUCEQUDEZHIDUDEQIANTIXIA,JIANGSHANGBIAOSHIYONGGUANCHUANGUIDINGYUSHANGBIAOQUANZHUCE、XINGSHI、JIUJIBAOHUDENGJUTIZHIDUZHONG,YISHIXIANSHANGBIAOSHIYONGYUSHANGBIAOZHUCEZAISHANGBIAOFALVZHIDUZHONGDESHIDUPINGHENG,KEFUSHANGBIAOZHUCEZHIDUDEQUEXIANHEBUZU,YESHIYOUXIAOGUIZHISHANGBIAOEYIQIANGZHUDELUJINGXUANZE。

                    参考文献

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                    注释

                    1《商标法》第7条第1款规定:申请注册和使用商标,应当遵循诚实信用原则。
                    2曹新明教授在《商标抢注之正当性研究---以“樊记”商标抢注为例》(载《法治研究》2011年第9期)中认为,应依据合法性与诚实性标准评价商标抢注的正当性,其正当性否定因素为违反诚实信用原则与侵犯他人合法的在先权利;李扬教授在《我国商标抢注法律界限之重新划定》(载《法商研究》2012年第3期)中提出,并非所有商标抢注行为都是恶意、非法的,应当对我国商标抢注的法律界限进行重新划定。
                    3祝建军法官在《囤积商标牟利的司法规制---优衣库商标侵权案引发的思考》(载《知识产权》2018年第1期)中认为,用《商标法》第7条第1款规定的诚实信用原则规制囤积商标牟利行为;田晓玲、张玉敏教授在《商标抢注行为的法律性质和司法治理》(载《知识产权》2018年第1期)中则提出,商标抢注构成侵权行为,应当承担向在先使用人返还标识和赔偿损失的民事责任。
                    4学者张鹏在《规制商标恶意抢注规范的体系化解读》(载《知识产权》2018年第7期)中提出,通过建立“弥补注册主义弊端的制度框架”,体系化地将零星分布于商标法中的规范进行整理,以适用商标法下各种规范工具应对恶意抢注行为;学者刘铁光在《规制商标“抢注”与“囤积”的制度检讨与改造》(载《法学》2016年第8期)中认为,以初步审定公告为公示基础的可归责性原则和拟制权利不可转让原则对相应的制度体系予以改造,根除商标“抢注”与“囤积”现象。
                    5《商标法》第32条规定:申请商标注册不得损害他人现有的在先权利,也不得以不正当手段抢先注册他人已经使用并有一定影响的商标。
                    6国家商标局与商标评审委员会于2016年12月制定《商标审查及审理标准》,其中指出《商标法》第32条规定的在先权利是指在系争商标申请注册日之前已经取得的,除商标权以外的其他权利,包括字号权、着作权、外观设计专利权、姓名权、肖像权以及应予保护的其他合法在先权益。
                    7根据《商标法》第59条第3款规定,商标权人无权禁止在先使用人对其注册商标在原使用范围内的继续使用,但可以要求在先使用人附加适当区别标识。笔者认为,该规定将在先使用人对商标权人注册商标的合法使用限定在原使用范围内,对在先使用人扩大市场规模和经营范围构成限制,不利于其经营发展。
                    8《商标法》第3条第1款规定:经商标局核准注册的商标为注册商标,包括商品商标、服务商标和集体商标、证明商标;商标注册人享有商标专用权,受法律保护。
                    9参见广东省中山市第一人民法院(2014)中一法知民初字第338号民事判决书。
                    10参见最高人民法院于2017年4月17日发布的第82号指导案例。
                    11田晓玲、张玉敏教授在《商标抢注行为的法律性质和司法治理》(载《知识产权》2018年第1期)中认为,商标抢注具备侵权行为的构成要件,属于侵权行为;王莲峰教授在《法律责任视角下商标恶意抢注的司法规制》(载《中华商标》2018年第7期)中认为,商标恶意抢注符合一般侵权行为的构成要件。
                    12参见《反不正当竞争法》第四章法律责任部分的规定。
                    13参见最高人民法院(2016)最高法民申1617号民事裁定书。
                    14根据《反不正当竞争法》第2条规定,不正当竞争行为是指经营者在生产经营活动中,违反本法规定,扰乱市场竞争秩序,损害其他经营者或者消费者的合法权益的行为。
                  星云棋牌官网下载   15参见浙江省杭州市余杭区人民法院(2017)浙0110民初18627号民事判决书。

                    魏丽丽.商标恶意抢注法律规制路径探究[J].政法论丛,2020(01):113-124.
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