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                          学术堂专业论文学习平台您当前的位置:学术堂 > 教育论文 > 社会教育论文

                          社区教育本质特性与外在表现

                          时间:2019-03-21 来源:安徽广播电视大学学报 作者:王少华 本文字数:6478字

                            摘    要: 社区教育的发展需要把握其发展规律,厘清社区教育的本质。从社区教育概念的界定入手,通过对关于社区教育本质的社区性、教化性、民主性、发展性等关键词的阐述,初步揭示出社区教育的本质,并从社会公益,凸显教育惠民;地域特点,注重地方特色;对象全员,形成全覆盖;资源共用,突出共生性;内容多样,体现个性化需求;办学多元,彰显科学管理等六个方面,详细论述了社区教育本质特征的表现形式。

                            关键词: 社区教育; 本质特征; 表现形式;

                            Abstract: The development of community education needs to grasp its development law and clarify the nature of community education. Starting from the definition of the concept of community education, through the elaboration of the keywords of community, enlightenment, democracy, development, etc., the paper reveals the essence of community education initially and elaborates the forms of expression of the essential characteristics of community education from the following six aspects : social welfare, highlighting education benefits, geographical characteristics, focusing on local characteristics, targeting all members, forming full coverage, sharing resources, highlighting symbiosis, diverse content, reflecting personalized needs, school diversity and highlighting scientific management.

                            Keyword: community education; essential characteristics; forms of expression;

                            MAKESIZHUYIRENWEI,SHIWUDEBENZHIJIUSHIJINENGFANYINGCILEISHIWUDEGONGXING,YOUNENGQUBIECILEISHIWUYUQITASHIWUGEXINGDEZUIJIBENSHUXING,SHIZUCHENGSHIWUDEGEGEJIBENYAOSUDENEIZAILIANXI,TADECUNZAIHEFAZHANGUIDINGHEYINGXIANGZHESHIWUQITAXINGZHIDECUNZAIHEFAZHAN。CONGZHEIYISHIJIAOCHUFA,YANJIUSHEQUJIAOYUDEBENZHI,KEYIGENGHAODIBAWOSHEQUJIAOYUFAZHANGUILV,TUIJINSHEQUJIAOYUGAOZHILIANGFAZHAN。YINCI,YANJIUCIWENTIDUIZUOHAOSHEQUJIAOYUGONGZUOYIYIZHONGDA。

                            一、社区教育概念的界定

                          星云棋牌官网下载   SHEHUIDEFAZHAN,DUIRENDEYAOQIUYUELAIYUEGAO,SUIZHIERLAIDESHISHEQUZHONGMIANXIANGSHEQUQUANTIGONGMIN,YICUJINBENSHEQURENDEFAZHANYUSHEQUFAZHANWEIMUBIAODEGELEIJIAOYUHUODONGDEYONGXIAN,SHEQUJIAOYUYEJIUZAISHEHUIFAZHANDEGUOCHENGZHONGCHANSHENGLE。

                            SHISHISHANG,SHEQUJIAOYUJISHISHIDAIBIANGEDECHANWU,YESHISHEHUIFAZHANDEBIRAN。ZAIWOGUO,SHEQUJIAOYUQIBUYU20SHIJI80NIANDAICHUQI,TASHIZAIGUOJIASHIXINGGAIGEKAIFANGHOU,ZAIZONGJIEYUANYOUXUEXIAOJIAOYU、JIATINGJIAOYU、SHEHUIJIAOYUXIANGJIEHEJINGYANDEJICHUSHANG,JIEJIANGUOWAISHEQUJIAOYUDEJINGYAN,CONGGUONEIBUTONGDIYUDESHIJICHUFA,TONGGUOSHIDIANZHUBUFAZHANQILAIDE。GUOJIGUONEISHEQUJIAOYUDESHIJIANYIQINGCHUDIBIAOMING,ZHIYOUSHISHIMIANXIANGSHEQUCHENGYUAN,YICUJINRENDEFAZHANWEIMUBIAODEGEZHONGGEYANGDESHEQUJIAOYU,CAINENGMANZUHEJIEJUERENMENGEZHONGGEYANGDEJIAOYUXUQIUHESHEHUIWENTI。SHEQUJIAOYUFAZHANDESHOUYAOWENTIJIUSHIRUHEZHENGQUEJIEDINGSHEQUJIAOYU,XUESHUJIEDUICIJINXINGLEGUANGFANDEYANJIU,JINGUANDUIQIJIEDINGZHONGSHUOFENYUN,ZHENGLUNBUXIU,DANQIZHUYAOGUANDIANHAISHIBIJIAOYIZHIDE,BIZHERENWEI2006NIANGUOJIABIAOZHUNHUAGUANLIWEIYUANHUIDEDINGYIJIAOWEIQUANWEI。SHEQUJIAOYUSHIZHI:“ZAISHEQUZHONG,KAIFA、LIYONGGEZHONGJIAOYUZIYUAN,YISHEQUQUANTICHENGYUANWEIDUIXIANG,KAIZHANZHIZAITIGAOCHENGYUANDESUZHIHESHENGHUOZHILIANG,CUJINCHENGYUANDEQUANMIANFAZHANHESHEQUKECHIXUFAZHANDEJIAOYUHUODONG”。SHEQUJIAOYUZAIFAZHANGUOCHENGZHONGXINGCHENGLEYUJIAOYUYUGUANLI、FUWU、WENHUAYISHU、JINENGPEIXUN、JIANKANGYANGSHENG、XIUXIANYULEDENGWEIYITIDEDAJIAOYUGEJU,SHIDUIDANYIXUEXIAOJIAOYUDETUPO、TUOZHANHEYANSHEN。SHEQUJIAOYUZAISHEQUFAZHANZHONGJUYOUXINGCHENGSHEQUJUMINJIJIDEJIAZHIGUAN、SHENGHUOTAIDUHEDAODEGUIFAN,TIGAOSHEQUJUMINDESUZHIHEWENHUASHUIPING,JIANSHELIANGHAODESHEQUWENHUA、PEIYANGSHEQUJIAOSEDENGZHUYAOGONGNENG。ZHUYAOBIAOXIANZAIYIXIAJIGEFANGMIAN:YISHITUIDONGXUEXIXINGSHEHUIDEXINGCHENG,ZAIQUANSHEHUIXINGCHENGZHONGSHENXUEXIDELINIAN。ERSHIZHULISHEQUTIGAOJINGSHENWENHUAJIANSHEDESHUIPING,HONGYANGZHENGNENGLIANG,TUIJINGONGMINJIAOYU,CUJINJUMINDAODEPINZHIDETISHENG,GAISHANSHEQUHUANJING。SANSHITUIDONGGELEIJIAOYUFAZHAN,SHIXIANXUEXIAO、SHEHUI、JIATINGDEJIAOYUYITIHUA,XINGCHENGJIAOYUHELI,TIGAOJIAOYUDEZONGHEXIAOLI。SISHILIYONGGELEIJIAOYUZIYUANJUBANGELEIPEIXUNJIHUODONG,CHUANBOZHISHIHEKEXUEJISHU,TIGAOSHEQUJUMINDEWENHUASHUIZHUNHEZONGHESUZHI。

                            二、社区教育本质的初步揭示

                            在对社区教育界定的基础上,可以对其本质加以研究和探讨,从字面上来理解,社区教育的关键词是:“社区”与“教育”,立足点在社区,核心要素是教育。其本质可通过以下几个关键词来把握:
                           

                          社区教育本质特性与外在表现
                           

                            (一)社区性

                            CONGZIMIANSHANGLAILIJIE,SHEQUJIAOYUDEFANWEIYIJINGMINGQUELE“SHEQU”,GENJUMINZHENGBU《GUANYUZAIQUANGUOTUIJINCHENGSHISHEQUJIANSHEDEYIJIAN》ZHONGDEMIAOSHU:“SHEQUSHIZHIJUJUZAIYIDINGDIYUFANWEINEIDERENMENSUOZUCHENGDESHEHUISHENGHUOGONGTONGTI。MUQIANCHENGSHISHEQUDEFANWEI,YIBANSHIZHIJINGGUOSHEQUTIZHIGAIGEHOUZUOLEGUIMODIAOZHENGDEJUMINWEIYUANHUIXIAQU。”[1]ZHEISHISHISHISHEQUJIAOYUDEJIBENDANYUAN,DANZAISHISHIGUOCHENGZHONG,KAOLVDAOSHEQUJIAOYUDECHENGBEN、SHEHUIXIAOYI、GUIMOXIAOYIDENGFANGMIANDEWENTI,YIBANHUICONGZHENGGEQUYUDEGONGXINGHEBUTONGSHEQUDEGEXINGLAIJINXINGZHENGGEQUYUSHEQUJIAOYUDEQUANJUMOUHUA,SUOKAIZHANDEPEIXUNHUOHUODONGDAIYOUQUYUXING。CONGZHEIYIJIAODULAIKAN,SHEQUJIAOYUSUIRANSHIJIANLIZAISHEQUZHISHANGDEJIAOYU,DANSUOZUZHIDEPEIXUNHUOKAIZHANDEHUODONGYOUBUJUXIANYUSHEQU,KEYISHIYIGESHEQUDANYUAN,YEKEYIJIANGJIGEHUODUOGESHEQUDANYUANNAIZHIZHENGGEQUYUJINXINGZUHEBINGZUZHIKAIZHANSHEQUJIAOYUGONGZUO,DANSHEQUJIAOYUDELUOJIAODIANYIDINGSHILUOZAISHEQU。

                            (二)教化性

                            SHEQUJIAOYUSUIRANSHIZHENGFUYINGSHEQUSUOXU、YINGJUMINSUOXUERCHANSHENGFAZHANQILAIDEYIZHONGJIAOYULEIXING,DANCONGZHENGGEGUOJIADEZHENGTILIYIKAOLV,SHEQUJIAOYUYOUBIXUTIXIANZHENGFUDEZHUTIYISHI,DANFUYOUGONGMINJIAOYU、SHEHUIZHUYIHEXINJIAZHIGUANXUANCHUANDEYIWU,CHENGDANYOUPEIYANGHEGEGONGMIN、ZHENFENGUOMINJINGSHEN、PEIYANGGUOMINXINGGEDEZHONGREN,DUISHEHUIFENGQIDEXINGCHENG、SHEQUDEWENDING、SHEQUJINGSHENJIAYUANDEJIANSHE、JUMINDELIANGHAOSUYANGXINGCHENG、SHENGCHANSHENGHUOJINENGDETISHENGDENGFANGMIANDOUBIXUFAHUIZHONGDAZUOYONG。YINCI,ZAIZUZHIPEIXUN、KAIZHANHUODONGDEGUOCHENGZHONG,BIXUYAOLAOJISHEQUJIAOYUYOUYIGEJIAOYUREN、YINGXIANGREN、XUNTAOREN、PEIYANGRENDEZEREN,YAOQIUJIANGJIAORENRUHEZUOREN、RUHEZUOSHIGUANCHUANZAIZHENGGESHEQUJIAOYUDEGUOCHENGZHONG,DUIRENDEXINGWEIYAOCHANSHENGJIJIDE、QIANYIMOHUADEYINGXIANG,ZHEISHISHEQUJIAOYUCUNZAIDEZHENZHENGSHEHUIJIAZHIZHISUOZAI,YESHISHEQUJIAOYUFAZHANDEMUBIAOHEFANGXIANGZHISUOZAI[2]。

                            (三)民主性

                          星云棋牌官网下载   MINZHUSHIYIQIEYOUYIYIDE、YOUJIAZHIDEJIAOYUDEYISHIXIANDEBIYAOQIANTI。SHEQUJIAOYUBUTONGYUXUEXIAOJIAOYUZHENGQIHUAYIDEKECHENGSHEZHI、KETANGJIAOXUE,BUXUYAOXIANGXUEXIAOJIAOYUNEIYANGDEZHENGGUI,YEBUYIDINGXUEJINIAN、KAIDUOSHAOMENKE、KAOSHINAWENPING,YEBUJUXIANYUSHIJIAN、KONGJIAN,SHEQUJIAOYUDADUOSHUDOUSHIFEIZHENGGUIJIAOYU、FEIZHENGSHIDEXUEXI,SHEQUJUMINXIANGXUEXISHENMEJIUXUEXISHENME,XIANGZENMEXUEJIUZENMEXUE。YINCI,MINZHUXINGZAISHEQUJIAOYUZHONGDETIXIANGENGWEIMINGXIAN。QISHI,SHEQUJIAOYUBENSHENJIUSHIYIZHONGJIAOYUFUWU,SHILITAJIAOYUJIAZHIDETIXIAN。MINZHUXINGHAITIXIANZAIGETIDEZIZHUXINGSHANG,SHEQUJIAOYUMEIYOUYANGEDEGUIDING、JIEXIAN,GUOQUSUOSHUODETIANJIANDITOUXUEQILAI,GONGYUAN、JIETOUGUANGCHANGDEWUDAO、LEQI、TAIJIDENGXIANCHANGPEIXUN,DOUSHISHEQUJIAOYUMINZHUXINGZUIPOSHIDEQUANSHI。DANGRAN,GEJIGELEIJIGOUZUZHIDEZHENGGUIPEIXUNJIHUODONGGENGNENGHENHAODIMANZUGETIXUEXIDEXUQIU。SUIZHEXIANDAIXINXIJISHUDEFAZHAN,WANGLUOSHANGDEXUEXIZIYUANYUELAIYUEFENGFU,YIJINGDAOLEXIANGXUESHENME,WANGSHANGDOUYOUXIANCHENGXUEXIZIYUANDEDIBU。XIANZAITICHUDESUIPIANHUAXUEXI,JIUSHIYIZHONGXINXINGDEXUEXIXINGSHI,GENGSHIXUEXIZIZHUXINGDETIXIAN。RUDENGHOUJIANXIE,ZUOGONGJIAO、DITIEDEPIANDUANSHIJIAN,DOUKEYISUISHISUIDIGENJUZISHENDEXUYAOLAIXUEXI,ZHEIXIEFANGSHIDOUSHISHEQUJIAOYUCHANGDAODEXUEXIFANGSHI,SUOYI,KEYIZHEIYANGLAILIJIESHEQUJIAOYU,ZHIYAONENGDADAOXUEXIMUDE,MANZUGETIDEXUEXIXUQIU,BUGUANSHIHEZHONGXINGSHIDOUKEYISHIWEISHEQUJIAOYU[3]。

                            (四)发展性

                          星云棋牌官网下载   DENGXIAOPINGTONGZHICENGJINGSHUOGUO:“FAZHANSHIYINGDAOLI”,TONGYANGYESHISHEQUJIAOYUDEBENZHIYAOQIU。SHEHUIJINGJIFAZHANCHANSHENGLESHEQUJIAOYU,SHEQUJIAOYUYOUFANGUOLAICUJINLESHEHUIDEJINBUHEFAZHAN。SHEQUJIAOYUCHENGLESHEHUIJINGJIFAZHANRUYINGSUIXINGDEZHUTUIQIHUOZHULIJI,WEILEGENSHANGSHEHUIJINGJIFAZHANDEBUFA,SHEQUJIAOYUZHEITAIZHUTUIQIHUOZHULIJIBIXUBUDUANGENGXINHUANDAI,YONGYUANBAOCHIZUGOUDEDONGNENG,CAINENGFAHUICHUGENGDADEGONGXIAO。YINCI,CONGSHEHUIFAZHANDEYAOQIULAIKAN,SHEQUJIAOYUSHIYIXIANG“CHAOQIAN”DESHIYE,TADEFAZHANYINGGAISHIDUCHAOQIAN,ZHIYOUZOUZAISHEHUIJINGJIFAZHANDEQIANLIE,CAINENGSHIYINGSHIDAIDEXUYAO。ZHEIJIUYAOQIUDUISHEQUJIAOYUFAZHANDEWENTIYUYIZUGOUDEZHONGSHI,KEYICONGYIXIAJIGEFANGMIANRUSHOU:YISHIJIANGSHEQUJIAOYUGONGZUOLIERUZHENGFUDEGONGZUOJIHUA,ZHIDINGQUYUSHEQUJIAOYUFAZHANGUIHUA,BINGLIERUNIANDUKAOHEGONGZUOXIANGMU。ERSHIJIANGSHEQUJIAOYUGONGZUOJINGFEILIERUCAIZHENGYUSUAN,BAOZHENGGONGZUOYOUXIAOKAIZHAN。SANSHIZHIDINGBAOZHANGSHEQUJIAOYUFAZHANDEXIANGGUANZHIDU,GULIXIANGGUANBUMEN、SHEHUIGEXINGGEYEDOULAIZHICHISHEQUJIAOYUDEFAZHAN。SISHIJIANLIYIZHIZHUANJIANZHIXIANGJIEHEDESHEQUJIAOYUGONGZUODUIWU,ZAIRENYUANBIANZHIHERENYUANXUANBAFANGMIANJIYUZHENGCEYOUHUI,QUEBAOSHEQUJIAOYUDUIWUZHENGTISUZHIYOULIANG,TUIDONGSHEQUJIAOYUDEKUAISUFAZHAN。

                            三、社区教育本质特征的表现形式

                            (一)社会公益,凸显教育惠民

                          星云棋牌官网下载   SHEQUJIAOYUBUTONGYUXUEXIAOJIAOYU,TAJUYOUSHEHUIJIAOYUDEGONGNENG,CHENGDANZHEZHENGFUFUYUDEZHINENG,SHUYUGONGYIXINGDE“BAODI”JIAOYU,ZAIJIEJUESHEQUMIANLINDEZHUDUOWENTISHANGQIZHEHUANJIEHEDAOXIANGZUOYONG,SHEQUDEXUQIUJUEDINGLESHEQUJIAOYUDENEIRONGHEXINGSHI。SHEQUJIAOYUZHIJIEMIANXIANGJICENGMINZHONG,SHIXINGBAODIDE“YOUJIAOWULEI”DEJIAOYUMINSHENGFUWU,NENGGOUBAJIAOYUGONGPING、JIAOYUHUIMINZHENGCELUOSHIYUSHEQU、FUWUYUJUMIN。SHEQUJIAOYUDESHEHUIXINGYAOQIU,YAOGENGJIATUXIANSHEQUJIAOYUDUIRUOSHIQUNTIDEJIAOYUGUANAIHETIEXINFUWU,YAOGENGJIAZHONGSHIJIANGSHEHUIZHUYIHEXINJIAZHIGUANJIXIANJINSIXIANGWENHUARUJUMINDENAO、RUJUMINDEXIN,GENGJIAZHICHIHEBANGZHUJUMINZHUDONGXUEXI、ZIZHUXUEXI、HUZHUXUEXI、HUDONGXUEXIDEZHUTIXINGSHEQUJIAOYUFAZHAN,GENGJIAZHONGSHISHEQUDEJINGSHENJIAYUANYUHUANJINGDEGONGJIANGONGXIANG[4]。

                            (二)地域特点,注重地方特色

                          星云棋牌官网下载   SHEQUJIAOYUYUDANGDISHEHUIJINGJIFAZHANCUNZAIZHEZHENGXIANGGUANDEGUANXI,TASHIYIZHONGFEIJINGYING、DAZHONGHUA、PUJIHUADEJIAOYU,NENGJISHI、ZHUNQUE、ZHENSHIDIFANYINGQUYUSHEHUIJINGJIFAZHANSHUIPING。YINCI,SHEQUJIAOYUBIXUWEISUOZAISHEQUFUWU,SHEQUJIAOYUBIXUWEISHEQUJUMINTIGONGJIAOYUFUWU,QIFUWUNEIRONGYEJIWEIGUANGFAN,JIYOUMANZUSHEQUFAZHANDEXUYAO,YEYOUMANZUSHEQUJUMINWENHUASUYANG、ZHIYEJINENGTISHENGDEXUYAO,TEBIESHIMANZUGETIXUEXIXINJISHU、XINZHISHI、XINJINENGJIZHUANGANGZAIJIUYESUOXUYAODEJINENGPEIXUN,HAIYAOMANZUTUIXIURENYUANXIUXIANYULEYANGSHENGBAOJIANDEXUYAO,QINGSHAONIANXUESHENGSUZHIJIAOYUDEXUYAO,ZHEISHISHEQUJIAOYUFAZHANDEGONGXING。DANGRAN,SHEHUIJINGJIYUEFADA,DUISHEQUJIAOYUTIGONGDEJIAOYUFUWUYAOQIUYUEGAO,ZHEIYESHISHEQUJIAOYUCUNZAIZHEQUYUJIANBUPINGHENGHEBUTONGYAOQIUDEZHONGYAOYUANYIN。ZHEIZHONGDIYUCHAYI,XINGCHENGLESHEQUJIAOYUFUWUDEDUOYUANXINGHEYITONGXING,BUTONGQUYUDESHEQU,YEJIUZAIFAZHANGUOCHENGZHONGZHUBUXINGCHENGLEDAIYOUDIYUTEDIANDESHEQUJIAOYU,ZHEIYUSUOWEIYIFANGSHUITUYANGYIFANGRENYOUYIQUTONGGONGZHICHU,MEIYIGEDIFANGDESHEQUJIAOYUBIRANYOUQIDIYUTESEDEYIMIAN,ZHANGQIDEJILEIJIDIAN,BIRANXINGCHENGQIDUTEDESHEQUJIAOYUTESE。LIRU,QINHUAIQUSHIGUDOUJINLINGDEQIYUAN,NANJINGWENHUADEYAOLAN。JINNIANLAI,GAIQUJIANCHIWENHUAYINLINGSHEQUJIAOYUFAZHANDELINIAN,CHONGFENFAJUELISHIWENHUAZIYUANWEISHEQUJIAOYUSUOYONG,ZAIQUANQUGEJIEDAOSHEQUJIAOYUZHONGXINDEPEIHEHEZHICHIXIA,ZHUJIANXINGCHENG“YIJIEYITE”。CHAOTIANGONGJIEDAOLIYONGQIDETIANDUHOUDELISHIWENHUADIYUN,MEIYIGESHEQUDAZAOYIGEWENBOGUAN,XINGCHENGLEDUTEDESHEQUJIAOYUFENGGE,CHANSHENGLEJIAODADEYINGXIANG;FUZIMIAOJIEDAODEBAOHUHECHUANCHENGMINSUWENHUAJIAOYUYOUSUOTUPO,CHENGLILE“DONGSHUIYIYUAN”,CHENGWEIWAJUE、CHUANCHENG、YANXUMINZU、MINJIANWENHUAYICHAN,JIZHONGZHANSHIMINJIANYISHU,DAZAOTESERENWENQINHUAI,BAOHUHEHONGYANGMINJIANYISHUDEYIGEZHONGYAOJIDI。JIEDAOSHEJIAOBANZUZHIBIANYINDE《QINHUAIMINJIANYISHUJIANJIE》《MINJIANJIANZHIYISHU》《QINHUAIHUADENG》《MINJIANJIANZHIYISHU》,BUJINCHENGWEIJUMINDESHEQUJIAOYUDUBEN、JIAOCAI,XUEXIAOYEYIXIAOBENKECHENGDEXINGSHINARULESUZHIJIAOYUDEFANWEI,TONGGUOYISHUJIANGZUO,KETANGJIAOXUEDENGDUOZHONGXINGSHI,RANGTONGXUEMENCHONGFENGANSHOUQINHUAIMINJIANYISHUDEMEILI,RANGQINHUAIMINJIANYISHUDEYIDAIDAICHUANCHENG;ZHONGHUAMENJIEDAOJIANCHI“1865”CHUANGYEWENHUAYUBAOENCISHANWENHUADECHUANYANG,CHUANGSHELE“1865”SHIMINJIANGTANG,YINDAOSHEQUJUMINLEJIEMINZUGONGYEFAZHANDEJIANNANHEMINZUWENHUADEWEIDA,SHULITAMENZIQIANGBUXI,YONGZIJIDESHUANGSHOUCHUANGZAOWEILAIDEJIANQIANGXINNIAN,“1865”SHIMINJIANGTANGDECHUANGLI,SHOUDAOLESHANGJIBUMENDEGAODUZHONGSHI,CHENGWEIGUOJIAJISHEQUJIAOYUSHIYANXIANGMU。

                            (三)对象全员,教育全覆盖

                          星云棋牌官网下载   SHEQUJIAOYUFUWUDEDUIXIANGSHISHEQUNEISUOYOUCHENGYUAN,ZHIYAOSHIYOUXUEXIXUQIUDERENHECHENGYUANJUNSHISHEQUJIAOYUDEDUIXIANG,SHIYIGEBUNENGSHAO、YIGEBUNENGCHA,BURANGYIGERENDIAODUIDEJIAOYU,SHEQUJIAOYUFUWUDEDUIXIANGCUNZAIZHEGUANGFANXING、QUANYUANXINGDETEZHENG。ZHEIJIUYAOQIUSHEQUJIAOYUJIANCHIQUANYUAN、QUANFUGAI、GONGPINGDUIDAIMEIYIWEICHENGYUANDEYAOQIU,ZHIYAOSHISHEQUJUMIN,YOUSHIJIDEXUEXIXUQIU,SHEQUJIAOYUDOUBIXUJINLIANGMANZUQIXUEXIXUQIU,YOUQISHISHEQUZHONGDERUOSHIQUNTI,YINGJIYUGENGDUODEGUANZHUHEGUANAI,TIXIANSHEQUJIAOYUDOUDIDE、BAOJIBENDEPUHUIJIAOYU,BAOZHENGSHEQUJIAOYUDEDAOSHEQUJUMINDERENKE、YONGHUHECANYU。SHEQUJIAOYUDEQUANFUGAIHAITIXIANZAIJIAOYUGUOCHENGDEQUANFUGAI、JIAOYUNEIRONGDEQUANFUGAI,MANZUSHEQUMEIGECHENGYUANCONGCHUSHENGDAOSIWANGDERENSHENGQUANGUOCHENGZHONGSHENJIAOYUDEXUQIU,YOUXIAODIJIANGJIATING、XUEXIAOJISHEQULIANWEIYITI,XINGCHENGYIGESHENGHUO、XUEXIDESHEHUIXIAOHUANJING[5]。

                            (四)资源共用,突出共生性

                            JIAOYUZIYUANSHISHEQUJIAOYUFAZHANDEJICHUHEQIANTI。SHEQUDEJIAOYUZIYUANBUJINJINJUXIANYUSHEQUFANWEINEI,BIJINGSHEQUJIAOYUZIYUANSHIFENYOUXIAN,BIXUJIANGZHENGGEQUYUDEJIAOYUZIYUANJIAYIZHENGHE、ZONGHELIYONG,CAINENGMANZUJUMINDEXUQIU。YISHIXUEXIAOJIAOYUZIYUAN。SHEQUJIAOYUYINGGAIFAHUIXUEXIAOYUSHEQUJINMILIANXIDEYOUSHI,YAOQIUCHUANTONGXUEXIAOXIANGSHEHUIKAIFANG,SHIXIANXUEXIAOJIAOYUZIYUANYUSHEQUGONGXIANG,TONGSHIHAIYAOJIAQIANGYUGELEIJIAOYUJIGOUZHIJIANDEGOUTONGYUXIANJIE,JIANLIWENDINGDESHEQUJIAOYUFUWUWANGLUO。ERSHIJIJIYONGHAOGONGGONGWENHUAZIYUAN,CHUANGJIANSHIHESHEQUJUMINXUEXIDEXINXINGSHEQUJIAOYUCHANGSUO。ZHENGHEQUYUNEIWENHUA、YOUZHIMINBANJIAOYU、SHEHUITUANTI、MINJIANTUANTIDENGZIYUAN,YONGHAODIANYINGYUAN、BOWUGUAN、WENHUAZHANDENGJIAOYUZIYUAN,FAHUIQIJIAOYUGONGNENG,TIGONGGAOZHILIANGDEJIAOXUEZIYUAN,MANZUQUYUNEIJUMINDEJIAOYUXUQIU。SANSHISHEQUYIWAIDEJIAOYUZIYUAN,BAOKUOSHEQUWAIZHONGXIAOXUEXIAO、GAOXIAO、YANJIUSUODENGDENG,SHIQICHENGWEISHEQUJIAOYUZIYUANDEYOUXIAOBUCHONG。 SISHIYONGHAOWANGLUOZIYUAN。YOUQISHIZAIXIANDAIHULIANWANGXUNMENGFAZHANDEJINTIAN,GENGYAOJIAQIANGZAIXIANXUEXIPINGTAIDEJIANSHE,JIADAJIXINXI、JIAOXUE、GUANLI、FUWUHEZIYUANYUYITIDEDAXINGZONGHEXINGXUEXIWANGZHANJIANSHE,TONGGUODIANNAOKEYIFANGBIANJINRUGUOJIHULIANWANGHUOQUXINXI,FANGBIANXUEXIWANGSHANGKECHENG,SHIDEXUEXIFAZHANKONGJIANBUDUANKUODA,TIXIANXIANDAIKEJIZAIXINDEXUEXIHUANJINGZHONGDEZUOYONG。DANGRAN,ZHEIXIEZIYUANDESHIYONG,XUYAOSHEQUJIAOYUZHUGUANBUMENDETONGCHOUXIEDIAOHEZONGHEGUANLI,CAINENGFAHUICHUZUIDAGONGXIAO。

                            (五)内容多样,体现个性化需求

                          星云棋牌官网下载   SHEHUIDEFAZHAN,FENGONGYUELAIYUEXI,RENMENDUIXUEXIDEGEXINGHUAXUQIUYUELAIYUEGAO,DAOZHIDUIJIAOYUNEIRONGDEXUQIUGENGJIADUOYUANHUA。JIAZHISHEQUJIAOYUDUIXIANGDEGUANGFANXING,BIRANYAOQIUSHEQUJIAOYUNEIRONGDEDUOYANGXING,ERSHEQUJIAOYUYAOBAOZHENGNEIRONGDEDUOYANGXINGBINGBURONGYIZUODAO,XUYAOTONGGUONULIDADAOYIXIAYAOQIU:YISHISHEQUJIAOYUDENEIRONGMANZUQUYUSHEHUIJINGJIFAZHANDEXUYAO,FUHESHEHUIZHUYIHEXINJIAZHIGUANDEYAOQIU,FANSHIYUQUYUSHEHUIJINGJIFAZHANXIANGGUANDENEIRONG,JUNYINGGAISHISHEQUJIAOYUNEIRONGDEZUCHENGBUFEN。ERSHISHEQUJIAOYUDENEIRONGYINGGAINENGGOUMANZUSUOYOUCHENGYUANDEXUQIU,ZHEIZHONGXUQIUBUSHOUGETIDENIANLING、ZILI(BAOKUOXUEXIJINGLI)、YUANYOUGONGZUOJINGYANDENGFANGMIANDEXIANZHI。XUYAOTONGGUOLEJIEBUTONGNIANLINGRENQUNCANYUSHEQUJIAOYUDEDONGJI,SHEJILINGHUODEJIAOYUFANGAN,JIYAOKAIBANYIXUELIJIAOYUWEIJICHUDEJIAOYU,YOUYAOKAISHEYIJUMINZHUANZHANGHEJINENGPEIYANGWEIMUDEDESHIYONGXINGDEZHIYEJINENGPEIXUN,HAIYAOKAISHEFENGFUJUMINYEYUSHENGHUODEGEZHONGWENHUAHUODONG,BAOKUOJUYOUSHENMEIXINGHEXIUXIANXINGDEYINLE、MEISHU、YULE,YIJIJUYOULIANYIXINGHEJIAOWANGXINGDEGEZHONGWENHUASHALONGHEZHUANTIJIANGZUODENG,SHIQINGSHAONIANXUESHENG、ZAIZHIRENYUAN、XIAGANGRENYUAN、LAONIANQUNTIDOUNENGZHAODAOXIHUANBINGLEYIJIESHOUDEJIAOYUFANGSHI,MANZUJUMINDUOYUANHUADEJIAOYUYUXUEXIXUQIU,TIXIANXUEXIGUANHUAI、ZHIYEGUANHUAI、SHENGCUNGUANHUAI、XINGFUGUANHUAI。SANSHISHEQUJIAOYUDENEIRONGBIXUTIXIANSHEQUCHENGYUANDEGEXINGTEZHENG,KAOLVGERENDEXINGQUAIHAOHESHIJIXUYAO,TISHENGNEIRONGDEZHENDUIXING。JIAOYUDENEIRONGYAOYINRENERYI,ANZHAOBUTONGDEGETISHEJIXIANGYINGDEJIAOYUNEIRONG,LIQIUJIANGSHEQUJIAOYUBANCHENGCAIDANSHIDE“JIAOYUCHAOSHI”,GONGSHEQUJUMINZIXUAN。SISHISHEQUJIAOYUNEIRONGHAIYAOKAOLVDAOTESHUQUNTIDEXUYAO,YOUQIYAOZHONGSHIRUOSHIQUNTIHEXIAGANGZAIJIUYERENYUANDEXUEXIXUYAO,QIESHIJISHIBAOZHIBAOLIANGDIJIEJUEZHEIBUFENRENQUNGUANQIEDEJIAOYUWENTI[6]。

                            (六)办学多元,彰显科学管理

                            SHEQUJIAOYUYINQIFUWURENQUNGUANG、FANWEIDA、JIAOYUNEIRONGDUO、YAOQIUGAODENGYINSU,ZENGJIALEZUZHISHISHIDENANDU。DUIYUMIANGUANGLIANGDADESHEQUJIAOYU,XUYAORUOGANGEBANXUEZHUTITONGSHISHISHI,CAINENGBAOZHENGSHEQUJIAOYUDEZHENGCHANGKAIZHANHECHIXUFAZHAN。ZHEIJIUXUYAOSHEQUJIAOYUDEZUZHIGUANLIBUMENYAOSHULIGUANLIJIFUWUDELINIAN、ZONGHEGUANLIDELINIAN、KEXUEGUANLIDELINIAN,CHUANGXINSHEQUJIAOYUGUANLIJIZHI,CHONGFENFAHUIMEIYIGEBANXUEZHUTIDEZUOYONG,SHIXING“TIAOKUAIJIEHE、SHANGXIALIANDONG、ZUOYOUHUDONG”GUANLIMOSHI,KEXUEZHENGHEMEIYIGEBANXUEZHUTIDEBANXUEZIYUAN,FAHUIZHENGFUDEZHUDAOZUOYONG,TONGGUOZHENGCEYINDAO,ZHIHUIGUANLI、KEXUEGUANLI,SHIXIANBANXUEZHUTIJIANDEYOUSHIHUBU,RONGHEGELEIJIAOYUXINGSHI,SHIXIANSHEQUJIAOYUYUGONGBANJIAOYU、MINBANJIAOYU、YUANCHENGJIAOYUDENGQITAGELEIJIAOYUZHIJIANDERONGHERONGTONG,XINGCHENGYIGEDAJIAOYUQUAN,BAOZHENGSHEQUJIAOYUDEKECHIXUFAZHAN。

                          星云棋牌官网下载   JIESHISHEQUJIAOYUDEBENZHITEZHENG,DUIYUZHENGQUERENSHIHEBAWOSHEQUJIAOYUNEIHANJIFAZHANGUILVDAYOUBIYI。BENWENDUISHEQUJIAOYUBENZHIYANJIUJINJINSHIPAOZHUANYINYU,XIWANGYOUZHIYUSHEQUJIAOYUFAZHANHEYANJIUDETONGRENMENGONGTONGNULI,ZAIDUISHEQUJIAOYUBENZHIYANJIUSHANGQUDEXINDETUPO,WEITUIJINSHEQUJIAOYUGAOZHILIANGFAZHANZUOCHUXINDEGONGXIAN。

                            参考文献

                            [1] 民政部.民政部关于在全国推进城市社区建设的意见[Z].1999-11-19.
                            [2] 陈乃林,赵瑶珍.关于社区教育基本特征的反思与再认识[J].职教论坛,2015(15):60-66.
                            [3] 孙丹昱,傅强.社区教育的内涵与特征:兼及与相关概念的辨析[J].继续教育研究,2018(3):95-100.
                            [4] 陈乃林.创新社区教育治理体系略论[J].职教论坛,2014(15):50-53.
                            [5] 侯怀银.“社区教育”解析[J].山西大学学报(哲学社会科学版),2017(1):44-47.
                          星云棋牌官网下载   [6] 陈乃林.新时期社区教育创新发展前瞻[J].河南教育(职成教),2017(12):6-12.

                            论文来源参考:王少华.社区教育的本质特征探究[J].安徽广播电视大学学报,2020(01):22-25+60.
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