星云棋牌官网下载

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                      文学伦理学视角史密斯诗歌中的女性形象探析

                      时间:2019-02-26 来源:五邑大学学报(社会科学版) 作者:陈彦华 本文字数:7027字

                        摘    要: 丝蒂薇·史密斯在诗歌创作中对经典神话故事中的女性形象进行再创作,描绘了她们的伦理角色、伦理困境、伦理诉求和伦理选择,并在其诗作中的现代女性形象创作中找到对应和关照。她采用借古喻今的迂回笔法,有力地抨击父权社会伦理体系的虚伪性,为女性搭建了想象的舞台,使其表达内心的伦理诉求,为女性赋能,描绘出母系社会的伦理愿景。

                        关键词:星云棋牌官网下载 史密斯; 经典神话故事; 女性形象; 伦理诉求; 赋能;

                        Abstract: The representation of female heroes from classic myths in Stevie Smith's poems demonstrates women's ethical roles,predicament,appeals and choices. Similar ethical situations are also echoed by the female images in contemporary works. By means of allegory,Smith effectively attacks the hypocrisy of the ethical system in the patriarchal society and sets up an imaginary stage for women to express their inner ethical appeals,empower themselves and depict an ethical vision of the matriarchal society.

                        Keyword:星云棋牌官网下载 Stevie Smith; Classic myths; Female images; Ethical appeals; Empowerment;

                        SIDIWEI·SHIMISI(Stevie Smith)SHIZHANHOUYINGGUOYIWEIZHONGYAODENVSHIREN,YISHENGZHESHUPOFENG,GONGCHUBAN《DAJIADEYUKUAISHIGUANG》(1937)、《ZHIDUIYIGERENWENROU》(1938)、《BUSHIZAIZHAOSHOUERSHINISHUILE》(1957)、《QINGWAWANGZI》(1966)DENGSHIYUBUSHIJI。GUOWAIXUEZHEZHUYAOYANJIUTAZUOPINZHONGDEGUDIANYUANSU、XIAOSHENGHECHUANGZUOBEIJING,GUONEIDUITAZUOPINDEYANJIUJIAOSHAO。ZHANGYANRENWEI,TADEZUOPIN“XIESHIYUXIANGXIANGROUHE,PINGDANZHONGXIANJIANSHENHUAZHIMEILI,HUANXIANGZHONGTOULUXIANSHISHENGHUODETONGKUYUWUNAI”[1]。 QUESHI,TADESHIGECHUANGZUOCAIYONGYUHUIDEBICHU,RONGRUSHENHUAYUANSU,ZAIXIANLESHENGJINGHESHENHUAGUSHIDANGZHONGDENVXINGXINGXIANG,RUXIAWA、SHENGMUMALIYA、DIDUO、TELUOYIDEHAILUN、MINGHOUPAERSAIFUNIEDENG,JIEYIFENGYUXIANSHI,BIAODADUIYINGGUOXIANDAISHEHUINVXINGQUNTISHENGCUNZHUANGKUANGHEQINGGANXINLIDEGUANZHU。

                        SHENHUAYANJIUZHEMALINA·WONA(Marina Warner)RENWEISHENHUA“JUYOUBIANZHIXINNEIHANHEXINXINGSHIDECHIXULILIANG”[2]。DANGDAINVZUOJIATONGGUOJIEGOUHEZHONGXIESHENHUA,TIAOZHANCHUANTONGYISHI,ZHONGGOUNVXINGSHENFEN,BIAODAXINDESHENGMINGTIYANHECHUANDAXINDEWENHUANEIHAN。SHIMISITONGGUODUIJINGDIANSHENHUAHEGUSHIZHONGNVXINGXINGXIANGDEZAICHUANGZUO,MIAOHUITAMENMIANLINDELUNLIJIAOLVHEKUNJING,BIAODATAMENDELUNLISUQIUHELUNLIXUANZE。ERZHEIXIENVXINGDEYUANXING,DABUFENDOUNENGZAISHIMISIDEQITASHIGEZHONGMIAOXIEDEXIANDAINVXINGXINGXIANGZHONGZHAODAODUIYINGHEGUANZHAO。JINGUANSHIYIJINGQIAN,TABIXIAXIANSHISHIJIEDEZHIYENVXING、JIATINGZHUFU、NVSHIBINGDENG,RENGRANYUSHENHUAZHONGDENVZHUJIAOJINGLIZHEXIANGSIDELUNLIKUNJING。SHIMISIYUNYONGFENGFUDEXIANGXIANGLIHEMINRUIDEGUANCHALI,JIEGUYUJIN,PENGJIFUQUANSHEHUILUNLITIXIDEXUWEIXING,WEINVXINGFUNENG,KAITUOXINDESHENGCUNKONGJIAN,MIAOHUIMUXISHEHUIDELUNLIYUANJING。 CONGWENXUELUNLIXUEDEJIAODUTANTAO、CHANSHISHIMISISHIGEZHONGDENVXINGXINGXIANG,YOUZHUYUDUZHELIJIESHIRENSIXIANGDESHENKEXING。

                        一、 外在伦理角色规范下的女性形象

                        XIFANGWENXUEZHONGCUNZAILIANGZHONGNVXINGDEYUANXING:DAIBIAOYUANZUI、DUOLUOHESIWANGDEDUOLUOTIANSHIXIAWA,YIJIDAIBIAOSHENGJIE、TONGZHENHESHENGMINGDENVSHENSHENGMUMALIYA。ZAIFUQUANZHISHEHUILUNLIZHIXUZHONG,NVXINGDEZUIGAOJIAZHISHIMUQINSHENFENDEHUODE,ERNVXINGDESHENTIHEYUWANGZEBEIKANZUOSHIBEIXIADEXIANGZHENG,SHICONGSHUYUNANXINGDECUNZAI。

                        (一)顺从的妻子——夏娃

                        在史密斯的诗歌“How Cruel is the Story of Eve (夏娃的故事多么残酷)”中,她用第三人称的超然视角对妻子的传统伦理角色进行批判:“骗她嫁一个主人/她必须这么做,否则就会后悔莫及。/主说的。”[3]633男权社会对女性强加了卑下、从属的伦理角色。进入婚姻以后,女性接受了自己的伦理角色,学会了“生存之道”:“很快女人变得狡猾/掩饰她的智慧,/要不然他怎么会/带来食物和住所,杀死敌人?”[3]634诗人用简单直白的语言道出深刻而锐利的观察:父权制的伦理秩序使女性把自身和孩子的幸福都押在了男性身上,从而牺牲了自我,泯灭了个性。诗人在诗歌的结尾一针见血地指出:“Oh, falsity(哦,虚伪)”。女性对于父权社会赋予的传统伦理角色感到困惑和焦虑,由此可见一斑。
                       

                      文学伦理学视角史密斯诗歌中的女性形象探析
                       

                        (二)坚强的母亲——圣母玛利亚

                        MEIGUONVPINGLUNJIABABALA·WEIERTEZAI《ZHENZHENGNVXINGQIZHIDECHONGBAI(1820-1860)》YIWENZHONGBAZHENZHENGDENVXINGQIZHIGUINAWEISIZHONGPINZHI:QIANCHENG、ZHENJIE、WENSHUN、CHIJIA。[4]ZAINANXINGYANLI,NVXINGYINGBAZUNGUIDEMALIYAZUOWEIXINGWEIDEDIANFAN,YIBISHENGDECHONGJINGZHIQINGZHUISUISHENGMUMALIYADERONGGUANG。ZHENGRUKELISIDIWAZHICHU:“SIWANGLAIZIXIAWA,ERSHENGMINGLAIZIMALIYA。”[5]ZAIFUQUANLUNLIZHIXUZHONG,MUQINSHISHENGMINGDEYUANQUAN、ZUNGUIDEHUASHEN。

                        SHIMISIDEDUIHUATISHIGE“A Dream of Comparison (DUIBIDEMENGJING)”,TONGGUOZHANXIANXIAWAHESHENGMUMALIYAZHIJIANJINXINGDEYICHANGYIWEISHENZHANGDEDUIHUA,TIXIANLENVXINGSHENSHANGTONGSHIBINGCUNDELIANGZHONGLUNLISHENFEN——BEIXIADEQIZIHEWEIDADEMUQINZHIJIANDECHONGTUYUHEJIE。NVXINGHUODEJIUSHUDEYIGEBIYAOTUJINGSHICHENGWEIMUQIN。

                      星云棋牌官网下载   TADELINGYISHOUDUIHUATISHIGEDAIBIAOZUO “The Queen and the Young Princess (WANGHOUYUXIAOGONGZHU)”,TONGGUOWANGHOUYUXIAOGONGZHUDEDUIHUACHUANDACHUYIWEIMUQINDELUNLIYIYIHEJIAZHI。XIAOGONGZHUYITIANZHENWUXIEDEKOUWENXIANGWANGHOUTIWEN,NVXINGDECHENGZHANGSHIBUSHIHUIBANSUIZHEKUAILEDEQUESHI?WANGHOUDEHUIDAZETIXIANLEMUQINDUINVERDEQUANJIE:“ZHENZUOQILAI,HAIZI,ZHENZUOQILAI,YONGBAOTOUTENGHEWANGGUAN /YOUTONGKUCAIYOUJILE,YINYINGSHITAIYANGBIANDEGENGQIANGLIE。”[3]426YUDAIWANGGUAN,BICHENGQIZHONG。JINRUMUQINDEJIAOSE,CHENGSHOURENSHENGDEKUNAN,YONGDANZEREN,SHIYIZHONGJIAMIANHEZHONGSHENG。

                      星云棋牌官网下载   YINCI,SHIMISIBIXIADEQIZIHEMUQINLVXINGZHEFUQUANSHEHUIFUYUTAMENDELUNLIZERENHEDAODEGUIFAN。YAOSHIYINGZHEIZHONGWAIZAIDELUNLIZHIXU,TAMENBIXUDIAOZHENGZISHEN,BALIANGGEJIAOSEDOUBANYANHAO。

                        二、 被“绑架”的女性内在的伦理困境和诉求

                        YIZHANYIHOUDE30NIANQIJIAN,YINGGUOSHEHUIJINGLILEFEICHANGJULIEDESHEHUIWENHUABIANGE,YUANZIDANHELENGZHANDEYINYINGHUIZHIBUQU,JIASHANGFUNVJIEFANGYUNDONGDETUIGUANG,SHEHUIXINGBIEDELUNLIGUIFANYEZAIZHONGSUZHIZHONG。NVXINGZAISHIYINGWAIZAILUNLIGUIFANDUIQIFUYUDEZERENYIWUDETONGSHI,YEYOUYUZISHENDEJIAZHIZHUIQIUHEZIWOSHIXIANXUYAOERCHANSHENGLEDULIYISHI,YUCHUANTONGDELUNLIGUIFANCHANSHENGCHONGTU。SHIMISIDIANFU、JIEGOULESHENHUAGUSHIDEZHULIUXUSHIHUAYU,TONGGUOJINGDIANGUSHIZHONG“BEIBANGJIA”DENVSHENDEXINLIDUBAIMIAOXIE,YINYUXIANDAIYINGGUOSHEHUINVXINGMIANLINDELUNLIKUNJING,BIAODATAMENDELUNLISUQIU。

                        (一)被战争“绑架”的女性的伦理困境

                        NIEZHENZHAOJIAOSHOUTICHU:“LUNLISHENFENSHIPINGJIADAODEXINGWEIDEQIANTI。ZAIXIANSHIZHONG,LUNLISHENFENYAOQIUSHENFENTONGDAODEXINGWEIXIANGFUHE,JISHENFENYUXINGWEIZAIDAODEGUIFANSHANGXIANGYIZHI。” [6]263ERLUNLISHENFENDECUOWEIDAOZHILUNLIZHIXUDEHUNLUAN:“LUNLICUOLUANJILUNLIZHIXU、LUNLISHENFENDEHUNLUANHUOLUNLIZHIXULUNLISHENFENGAIBIANSUODAOZHIDELUNLIKUNJING。”[6]257GENJUGUXILASHENHUADEMIAOSHU,HAILUNSHISIBADAGUOWANGMONIELAAOSIDEWANGHOU,YINQIMEIMAOJUELUN,BEIPALISILUZOUDAIDAOTELUOYI,YINFALEZHANGDASHINIANZHIJIUDETELUOYIZHANZHENG,WEIBEILEHUNYINLUNLIZHONGDEZHONGCHENGYUANZE。QIZIHEQINGRENDELIANGZHONGSHENFENCUNZAIBUKEDIAOHEDEMAODUN,HAILUNXIANRULELUNLIKUNJINGDANGZHONG。ZAISHENHUADEZHULIUXUSHIZHONG,DUIHAILUN“HONGYANHUOSHUI”DEBUDAODEDELUNLIBIAOQIANSHIFUQUANSHEHUIQIANGJIADE。HAILUNYIZHICHUYUSHIYUZHUANGTAIDE“TAZHE”DIWEI。

                        SHIMISIDESHIGE“I Had a Dream(WOYOUYIGEMENG)” YIDIYIRENCHENGDESHIJIAORANGHAILUNFACHULEZIJIDESHENGYIN。SHUOHUAZHETONGGUOMENGJINGDEXINGSHIDAIRULEHAILUNDEJIAOSE,DUIZIJIDEZHENZHENGSHENFENHEGUSHIDEBUTONGBANBENTICHULEYIWEN:“WOYEBUNENGSHEFARANGKASANGDELASHUOCHULAIDESHI,/WOSHIHAILUNDECHUANSHUOZHONGDENAYIGE。/ SHITADEHUANYING,ERZHENZHENGDEHAILUNZAIAIJI,/ YIHUOSHIHUOSHENGSHENGDEHAILUN /MONIELAAOSIHUIDAIHUIQUSIBADADENEIWEI。”[3]566TAJIUJINGSHIWEIXIANDEQINGFU,HAISHIZHENLIEDEQIZI?TADUIZIJIDELUNLISHENFENGANDAOKUNHUO。WANGZIHEKETUOERZHIZEHAILUNDE“BUQIANCHENGHUIJITELUOYIDAILAIEYUN” [3]567,BAGUOCUOZERENQUANBUTUIJIHAILUN,SHIDIANXINGDEFUQUANSHEHUIDEBAQUANLUNLISIXIANG。ZAODAOWUJIEDEHAILUNXINQINGFEICHANGCHENZHONG,ZIWOJIECHAODAO:“WOXIAOLE/DANSHIWOGENGXIANGKU。”[3]567ZAINANXINGLUNLIZHIXUZHUDAODESHIJIEZHONG,NVXINGBEIBODUOLEHANWEIZIJIDEQUANLI。

                        YINCI,ZAISHIGEDEJIEWEICHU,HAILUNZUOCHULEZIJIDELUNLIJIAZHIPANDUAN,SHENGMINGLEZIJIDELUNLIXUANZE:

                        WOJIANGYONGYUANBUHUICHENGWEI

                        NEIWEIEZUOJUDEAIXIAODEHAILUN,YUMONIELAAOSIHUIGUO

                      星云棋牌官网下载   ZAIANJINGDEGONGDIANLI,ZUOTADEZHENXIANHUO,XIAOZHE

                        JIANGSHUTADEGUSHI,RANHOUKUQI:E,KECHIDEWO。[3]567

                        HAILUNSHENGMING,TAJUJUEBEICHUANTONGLUNLIGUANBANGJIA,BUYUANYIBEINANXINGJIXUBAIBUHELIYONG:HUIGUIQIZIDEJIAOSE,BAZIJIQIANZEWEI“KECHIDE”QINGFU。SHIMISITONGGUOHAILUNDEXUSHUYINYUXIANDAISHEHUI,NVXINGDELUNLIJIAOSEWANGWANGSHILIUZAIJIALIZUOJIAWU,ANZHAONANQUANSHEHUIDEZHULIUHUAYUJIANGSHUZIJIDEGUSHI,WAIQUZIJIDEXINGXIANG,YIMANZUNANXINGDEXIANGXIANG。ERSHIMISIBIXIADEHAILUNYOUZHEDULIJINGSHEN、GANYUTIAOZHANCHUANTONGDELUNLIJIAZHITIXI,SHIYIGEYONGYUZHUIXUNZIWO、HANWEIZIJIRENGEHEZUNYANDENVXING。

                        SHIMISIDELINGWAIYISHOUSHI“Come on, Come back(LAIBA,GUILAIBA)”YIDISANRENCHENGSHIJIAOJIANGSHUZAIXIANDAIZHANLUANZHONGDENVXINGFACHUDELUNLISIKAOHESHENFENZHUIXUN。 HAILUNSHIBEIGUDAIZHANZHENGBANGJIABINGBEIFUQUANZHILUNLITIZHIYONGMOXUYOUDEZUIMINGZHIKONGDENVXINGDEJINGDIANYUANXING,ZAITELUOYIDECHENGQIANGSHANGBUDUANDIZHUIWENZIJIDESHENFEN,JUJUEDANGZHANZHENGDETIZUIYANG。TONGYANGDI,ZHEISHOUSHIZHONGDENVSHIBINGYESHISHENBUYOUJIDIBEIJUANJINGUANMIANTANGHUANGDEXIANDAIZHANZHENGDEXUANWOLI,ZAIZHANZHENGZHONGSANGSHILEJIYI,ZAIXIAOQIUDESHITOUSHANGBUDUANDIZHUIWENZIJIBEIJUANRUZHANZHENGDEYUANYOU:

                      星云棋牌官网下载   RENDAOMIEJUEZHEM.L.5.

                        TASILITAOSHENG

                        DANSHITADEJIYIYIJINGYONGYUANXIAOSHI。

                      星云棋牌官网下载   DUZIZUOZAIXIAOQIUDEYUANXINGBIANPINGSHITOUSHANG,

                        TAKONGJU,TAKUQI,

                      星云棋牌官网下载   A!WEISHENMEWOHUIZAIZHEILI?[3]452

                      星云棋牌官网下载   XIANDAIZHANZHENGSHIDAGUOSHIQIANGLINGRUODEBAQUANXINGWEI,MINMIERENXING,CHONGPOLEYIQIEDAODEDIXIANHELUNLIPINGDENG,SHINANQUANSIWEIDEJIZHITIXIAN。FUQUANSHEHUIDETONGZHIZHEMENWEIZHUIQIUQUANLIHEBIANJIEKUOZHANGFADONGZHANZHENG,PINGMINBEIBODUOLEXUANZEQUANHEHUAYUQUAN。ZHANZHENGDUOZOULENVBINGDEJIYI,TABEIJUANRULEJUDADEXUWUZHIZHONG,DUIZISHENSHENFENHEZHANZHENGYIYIDEZHUIXUNZHUDINGSHITULAO、JUEWANGDE。SHIMISIJIEZHUNVBINGDESHIJIAO,DUIXIANDAIZHANZHENGDELUNLIJINXINGFANSI,PENGJILEXIANDAIZHANZHENGDUIRENXINGDECUICANHEDUICHUANTONGLUNLIDEHUIMIE,SHENKEDIKEHUACHUCUNZAIZHUYISHIDESHENGCUNCHUJING。

                        (二)被丈夫“绑架”的女性的伦理诉求

                        NVXINGZAIJIEHUNYIQIANGUOZHEWUYOUWULVDEKUAILESHENGHUO,JIEHUNYIHOUJIUYAOSHOUDAOFUQUANSHEHUIJIATINGLUNLIZHIXUHEGUIFANDEZHIYUE。CONGNVERDAOQIZIDELUNLIJIAOSEZHUANBIANDUIYUNVXINGLAISHUO,YIWEIZHEYAOZUOCHUTUOXIEHEXISHENG,SHIYINGDEGUOCHENGSHIJIANNANDE。

                        SHIMISITONGGUO “Persephone(PAERSAIFUNIE)”YISHIYONGDIYIRENCHENGSHIJIAOMIAOSHULENVXINGZAILUNLIJIAOSEZHUANBIANGUOCHENGZHONGDEXINLIKANGZHENG。MOURI,PAERSAIFUNIEWAICHUCAIHUASHI,DADITURANCHUXIANLIEFENG,MINGWANGHades(HADESI) QIZHEHEIMA,CHUANZHEHEIYI,YIXUNLEIBUJIYANERZHISHIBATALUZOU,DAIDAOMINGJIEDEHEIANSHENYUAN。SHIZHONGYIPAERSAIFUNIEDEDIYIRENCHENGSHIJIAOSHUOCHULETADENEIXINGANSHOU:“E,NINENGXIANGXIANGMA?NINENGXIANGXIANGMA?/ WOSHENSHOUQUZHAIXIAYIDUOHUA,WAWALIANBANKEAIDEBAITIAN /TURANXIANGQILELEIBAO,ZHUANSHUNBIANCHENGLEDONGTIAN?”[3]344ZHEIDUANHUADAOCHULETAZAINANBANDEGANSHOU。SHIMISIYONGZHONGFU、YINYUDEXIUCISHOUFADAOCHULEZHANGFUHADESISUODAIBIAODEFUQUANSHEHUIJIATINGLUNLIZHIXUDUINVXINGDEBANGJIAHESHUFU。

                        PAERSAIFUNIESHENSHENDIXIANGNIANMUQIN: “DANWODEMUQIN,WOAITA,QUELIKAILETA/TASHIQULEYIGEHAONVER,/BEISHANGSILIELETADEXIN。”[3]344PAERSAIFUNIELIKAIYIHOU,GUWUNVSHENDEMOTEERWUXINGUANLIRENJIANDELIANGSHIZHUANGJIA。DADICUNCAOBUSHENG,BIANCHENGLEDONGJI。ZAISHIGEDEZUIHOU,SHIRENDUISHENHUAJINXINGLEXIFANG,YONGFANFENGDESHOUFAYUHUIDIKONGSUFUQUANZHILUNLITIXI:”WODEZHANGFUMINGWANGTAKEZHIDAO?TANENGFOUCAICHU /ZHEIYANGHANLENGDEDONGTIAN/ZHENGSHIWODEKUAILESUOZAI。”[3]345SHIRENHAIZIQIDEJIECHAOTUXIANXIANSHIDELENGJUN。

                        ZONGSHANGSUOSHU,SHIMISIBIXIABEIZHANZHENGLUZOUDEHAILUN、NVSHIBING,HAIYOUBEIZHANGFULUZOUDEPAERSAIFUNIEDOUSHIBEIFUQUANZHILUNLITIXIYUESHUDENVXINGDESUOYING。SHIMISIYONGXIFANGDESHOUFAJIANGSHENHUAJIANGGE,DIANFUZHULIUXUSHI,RANGZHEIXIENVXINGFACHULEZIJINEIXINDESHENGYIN,BIAODATAMENDEJIAOLVHEKUNJING,BINGDAOCHUNVXINGNEIXINDELUNLISUQIUHEDUIFUQUANLUNLIDEKONGSU。

                        三、 女性的伦理抉择

                        ZAISHIMISICHENGZHANGDEGUOCHENGZHONG,FUQINZHANGQIQUEXI,YEQUEFAGUANXIMIQIEDENANXINGQINSHU。YINCI,TAZAIXIEZUOGUOCHENGZHONGBUKEBIMIANDIDUIFUQINJIAOSECHANSHENGSHULIGAN,SHENZHISHIDIYI。TABIXIADEFUQUANSHEHUIWEIJISIFU。FUQI、FUNVZHIJIANDEGUANXICHANGCHANGCHUXIANWEIJI。LIRU,ZAITAZHEMINGDE“Not Waving but Drowning(BUSHIZAIZHAOSHOUERSHINISHUILE)”SHIZHONG,NISHUIZHIRENJIUSHITASHENGMINGZHONGFUQINXINGXIANGDEXIANGZHENG。ERZAIZHEISHOUSHISUOPEIDECHATUZHONG,NISHUIDESHIQUESHIYIWEINVXING。YOUDUZHERENWEI,HUAZHONGRENZHENGSHISHIMISIZIJI。 SHIMISIDUITASHENGMINGZHONGFUQINDEQUEXIYIZHIGENGGENGYUHUAI,HUAZHONGRENDENISHUIXIANGZHENGTANEIXINDESHANGTONGYIJIFUNVZHIJIANGOUTONGDEQUEXIHEQINGGANDEXIAOWANG。ZAI“Papa Love Baby(BABAAIBAOBAO)”YISHIZHONG,NVERDUIFUQINMEIYOUAI,SHIDEFUQINSHANGXINYUJUE、YUANDUZHONGYANG;ZAI“Precarious and Tenuous(WEIXIANDEHEROURUODE)”YISHIZHONG,TAYIFUMIANDEXINGRONGCIMINGMINGJIAZHONGSUOYOUDENANXINGCHENGYUAN。ZHEIXIESHIZUOBIAODALESHIRENDUIFUQUANZHISHEHUILUNLIZHIXUDEZHIYIHEYANE。

                        SHIMISIMOUXIESHIZUOZHONGDENVXINGBIAOXIANCHUXIANMINGDELUNLIJIAZHIQUXIANG,YONGYUYUFUQUANLUNLIZHIXUJUEBIE;LINGWAIYIXIESHIZUOZEGOULECHULIXIANGDENVXINGWUTUOBANG。

                        (一) 女性与父权伦理秩序的诀别

                        SHIMISIDE“Dido’s Farewell to Aeneas(DIDUOXIANGAINIEASIGAOBIE)”,YIDIDUODEDIYIRENCHENGSHIJIAOXIECHULETADENEIXINDUBAI: “WOYIZHIGENSUIZHEMINGYUNZHISHENDEBUFA,CONGBUTUISUO,XINGANQINGYUANDIZHUISUITA/ERXIANZAI,BINGFEIHAOWUYUZHAO,WOZOUDAOLEJINTOU。”[3]447 DIDUODEYISHENGDOUBEICAOKONG,TADEGEGEHEAINIEASISHIQIXIANRULE“MEIMEI”HE“QIZI”DELUNLIJIEZHIZHONG:GEGEDUOZOULETADEZHANGFU,ERTAQUEYAOJIXUCHENGDAN“MEIMEI”DELUNLIZEREN;AINIEASIBEIQILETADEAIQING,SHITASHIQULEZUOWEI“QIZI”DELUNLIJIAOSE。 TAZUIHOUWEIYINENGCAOKONGDEJIUSHIHUHUANSISHEN,YIGANGLIEJUEJUEDEFANGSHIYUFUQUANLUNLIZHIXUJUEBIE。TADEZISHASHIZISHENNEIBULUNLISHENFENMAODUNJIHUABINGWUFAZHAODAOHELICHULUDEJIDUANXINGDONG。DANSHIZISHABINGMEIYOUWEITAJIEKAILUNLIJIE,ZAISHIGEDEJIEWEIDIDUOFACHULEZIJIDEHUSHENG:“DACHOUWEIBAO,WOJIANGSIQU,TADAKUDAO,DANWOJIANGSIYUZIJIDEXUANZE。/LAIBASISHEN,NIZHIDAO,SUIRANNISHISHEN,DANSHIDANGNIBEIZHAOHUAN,/NIBIXULAIDAOWOGENQIAN。LAIZHEIERBA,LAIZHEIERBA,WOHUHUANNI。”[3]447ZAISHIGEDEMOWEI,SHIRENSHIYONGDUNHU(apostrophe)DEXIUCISHOUFA,TONGGUOXIANGXIANGLIDEXUANRAN,YUSISHENJINXINGGEKONGDUIHUA,TIXIANTADUIFUQUANSHEHUILUNLITIXIDEJILIEKONGSU,BIAODAYUQIJUEBIEDEJIANDINGJUEXIN。

                        ZAILINGWAIYISHOUSHI“The Wedding Photograph(HUNLIZHAOPIAN)”ZHONG,NVXINGSHUOHUAZHEGAOSUWEIHUNFU,TAJIANGZAIHUNLIJIESHUHOU,BATADAIDAOCONGLINZHIZHONG,RANGBULVHUANMANDELAOSHIZICHIDIAOTA。TAZAISHIZHONGYONGDIYIRENCHENGSHIJIAOHEHEISEYOUMODEYUQIDAOCHULEZIJIDAOCONGLINYUZHANGFUTONGGUIYUJINDEJINGRENYINMOU:“SHISIWANGDENIANXIANGDIANLIANGWOMEILIDEYANJING/DANSHIRENMENRENWEINIHENXINGYUNNENGHUODERUCIPIAOLIANGDEZHANLIPIN。/ A,XURUODEWOZHIXIANGDUZIPAIHUAI /RANER,WOBUGANBUJIEHUNJIULIKAIJIALI。”[3]569ZAIBUJINGYIDEQINGYINGZHONG,TADAOCHULECHENZHONG、TONGKUDESIKAO:CONGLINXIANGZHENGZHEHEIANHESIWANG。TAYAOBAXIANGZHENGFUQUANLUNLIZHIXUDETONGZHIZHEDEZHANGFUDAIDAOSHANLINLISHADIAO,RANHOUZISHA,YUFUQUANLUNLIZHIXUCHEDILEDUAN。ZHEISHITATAOLI“QIZI”DELUNLISHENFENBINGHUAJIEZISHENLUNLIKUNJINGDECHULU。ZAISHIGEDEZUIHOU,SHIRENBATADUIFUQUANSHEHUIDECHOUHENJIELUDEJIZHI:“A,BEITONG,RANGHUOYANRANSHAO,ZAIYANJINGDEMOSHAORANSHAOBA,/RANGKONGJUDEHUOYANXIONGXIONGRANSHAO,RANGHUOYANSUIZHEHALIDEHUXIXIONGXIONGRANSHAO。” [3]569SHIRENTONGGUOFANFU(repetition)DEXIUCI,TIXIANLEMENGYANBANDECHOUHENRUXIONGXIONGLIEHUOBANJIANAOZHETADENEIXIN,HUIZHIBUQU。

                        (二)女性对母系社会乌托邦的伦理愿景

                        SHIMISISHIGEZHONGDEZHURENGONGJINGCHANGJIEZHUXIANGXIANGDELILIANGTAODUNDAOYIGETUHUASHIJIEZHONGDELIXIANGZHIJING,YUXIANSHISHIJIEXINGCHENGFANCHA,YONGYIFENGCIXIANSHISHIJIEZHONGDEFUQUANZHILUNLITIXI。LIRU,ZAI“The Lady of the Well-Spring(YUANQUANNVSHEN)”ZHONG,XIAOHAIQIONGENBEILEINUOADEMINGHUA《YUANQUAN》SHENSHENXIYIN,DUNRUXIANGXIANGSHIJIE:

                      星云棋牌官网下载   TATINGDAOLEQUANSHUIPIPIPAPADINGDINGDONGDONGSISIZUOXIANG

                      星云棋牌官网下载   LINZHONGDENIAOERJIJIZHAZHASHENGQI,

                      星云棋牌官网下载   XIANZAI,DANGTABENPAOSHI,TATINGJIANLE

                      星云棋牌官网下载   JUANJUANXILIUDECHANCHANLIUSHUISHENG

                        SHUIHUASICHUJIANQI,NEISHISHUIDEYUANQUAN。

                        XIANZAI,QIONGDESHUANGJIAOTAZAISHENSHENDETAIXIANZHONG,KANZHE

                        ANBIANYOUYIWEIGAODADEPIFUBAIXIDENVZITANGZAINALI

                      星云棋牌官网下载   PIFUBAIXIGUANGHUA,DUZIWEIWEILONGQI,

                        FENGMANDERUFANG,XIZHIDEXIANYAOHEXIUZHANGDESHUANGTUI[3]424-425

                        ……

                      星云棋牌官网下载   SHIRENYONGQINGXINDEWENZI,RU“PIPIPAPA(clacking)”、“DINGDINGDONGDONG(croaking)”、“JIJIZHAZHA(chattering)”DENGNISHENGCI,YONGFENGFUDEYUNLV、YIXIANGHELIANXIANGMIAOHUICHUYIGECHONGMANHUANLEHEQINGCHUNQIXI、FUYOUSHENGMINGLIDERENJIANXIANJING,SHIGECHONGMANYINLEGANHEHUAMIANGAN:QIONGENFANGFOJINRULERUYIDIANYUANBANDESHENXIANSHIJIE,ZHEIWEICHILUODENVZIJIUXIANGWEIBEISHANGDIZHUCHUYIDIANYUANDEXIAWA,WUYOUWULV,ZIYOUZIZAI。SHIRENTONGGUOHAIZIDESHIJIAO,WEIDUZHEMIAOHUICHUYIFUTUOLILEFUQUANSHEHUISENYANLUNLIGUIFANDEMUXISHEHUIWUTUOBANG。HAIZIQIONGENDUNRUWUTUOBANG,YINYUNVXINGHUIGUIMUXISHEHUIDELEYUAN,HUIDAOSHENGMINGDEBENYUAN,FANPUGUIZHEN,JIURUMINGHOUPAERSAIFUNIEZAIMINGJIEDUGUODONGTIANYIHOU,HUIDAOMUQINDEHUAIBAO,RENJIANBIANHUIFULECHUNTIANDEQIXIANG,WANWUFUSU。SHIGEDEJIEZOUHESECAIMEISHIDUZHEGANSHOUDAODAZIRANDEJIAOXIANGQUYUXIANGBUJUE,YINYUMUXISHEHUIDEWUTUOBANGCHONGMANLESHENGMINGLI,SHINVXINGHUODEZIYOU,BUZAISHOUDAOXIANSHISHEHUILUNLIDAODEDEYUESHU。

                        四、结 语

                      星云棋牌官网下载   SHIMISIYONGMINGBAIXIAOCHANGDEYUYAN、RUILIDESHIJIAOHEBAOMANDEQINGGANKEHUALEBAIBIANDUOCAIDESHENHUAHEXIANDAINVXINGXINGXIANG,CHUANDALEFUZAFENGFUDEWENHUANEIHANHELUNLIYUYI。ZAIZHULIUSHEHUIWAIZAILUNLIGUIFANDEZHIYUEXIA,DABUFENNVXINGYISHENGDANGZHONGDOUYAOZAIQIZIHEMUQINDESHENFENZHIJIANQUDEPINGHENG。ERZAIZHANZHENGSINVE、ZHICHANGTIAOZHANHEJIATINGJIEGOUBIANHUADENGZHONGZHONGYINSUDEZUOYONGXIA,SHEHUIDAODELUNLIHUANJINGBUDUANBIANHUA,NVXINGYINCICHANSHENGLEDULIYISHI,XIANRUDAOYIXIELUNLIKUNJINGZHIZHONG,CHANSHENGLEXINDELUNLISUQIUHEXUANZE。ZAILUNLIJIAZHIGUANRIYIDUOYUANHUADEJINTIAN,TASHIGEZHONGDUINVXINGLUNLIGUANDEFASANSIKAOHEDUOYUANLUNLIXUANZEWUYISHIYOUSIKAOJIAZHI、JIEJIANYIYIHEXINSHANGJIAZHIDE。DAOSENHEENTEWEISIERZHICHU:“TASHIZUOZHONGDEDUOYUANSHENGYINWEIFANERYUANDUILIGUANNIANKAIPIXINDELUJING,BIMIANLIANGXINGZHIJIANHUOQITAFENHUAQUNTIWEIZHENGDUOTONGZHIQUANXIANRUWUXIUZHIDEDOUZHENGZHONG。”[7]

                      星云棋牌官网下载   SHIYONGSHENHUAGUSHIRENWUZHANXIANLUNLIJIAZHIGUANSHISHIMISIDEYIDAXIANZHEXIEZUOTESE,GOUJIANSHENHUABANDEXUGOUSHIJIE,YONGHUANXIAOMIANDUIXINSUANSHIZHONGYAODEXINLINGZHIYULIANGFANG。ZHENGRUTAZAISHIGE“How do you see?(NIZENMEKAN?)”ZHONGSUOYAN,RUGUOWOMENBUJIEZHUMOHUANDEYUANSUHEMEILIDESHENHUAGUSHIJIAOHUIHAIZIMENSHANLIANGDEDAOLI,NEIMEXIANSHISHIJIEDEERYUWOZHAJIANGSHIWOMENWUFACHENGSHOU,WOMENYEHUIBIANDESHAQIZHONGZHONG。[3]667TAWEIBIXIADENVXINGXINGXIANGDAJIANLEXIANGXIANGDEWUTAI,RANGTAMENZAIWUTAISHANGZIYOUCHICHENG,ZIYIZIZAIDISHUFANEIXINDELUNLISUQIUHEGOUZHUMEIHAODELUNLIWUTUOBANG,XIAOJIELEJINGDIANSHENHUADEZHULIUXUSHI。TAJIEYONGSHENHUASUOFENGYUHEZHESHEDELUNLIYUYIYUXIANSHISHIJIEDELUNLIJIAZHITIXIXIANGHUGUANZHAO,YOUZHUYUQIFARENMENDUIXIANSHILUNLIJIAZHITIXIDESIKAOHEZHONGGOU。DANGRENMENDELUNLIJIAZHIGUANYUSHEHUIXIANSHICHANSHENGCHONGTUSHI,NENGCONGTADESHIGESHIJIEZHONGZHAODAOWEIJIE。

                        参考文献

                        [1] 章燕.多元·融合·跨越——英国现当代诗歌及其研究[M].北京:人民文学出版社,2008:232.
                        [2]SELLERS S.Myth and Fairy Tale in Contemporary Women’s Fiction [M].New York:Palgrave Publishers Ltd,2001:2.
                        [3]SMITH S.All the Poems of Stevie Smith[M].New York:New Directions Publishing Corporation,2016.
                        [4]WELTER B.The Cult of True Womanhood,1820-1860.[EB/OL].(1997-06-23)[2018-08-30].http://www.pinzler.com/ushistory/cultwo.html.
                        [5] 刘岩,马建军,张欣.女性书写与书写女性:20世纪英美女性文学研究[M].上海:上海外语教育出版社,2012:93.
                        [6] 聂珍钊.文学伦理学批评导论[M].北京:人民文学出版社,2014.
                      星云棋牌官网下载   [7]DOWSON J,ENTWISTLE A.A History of Twentieth-Century British Women’s Poetry [M].Cambridge:Cambridge University Press,2009:114.

                        陈彦华.丝蒂薇·史密斯诗歌中女性形象的伦理表达[J].五邑大学学报(社会科学版),2020,22(01):36-39+45+94.
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