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            网络餐饮食品安全制度存在的风险与完善建议

            时间:2018-12-27 来源:中国市场监管研究 作者:梁晨 本文字数:9653字

              摘    要: 随着网络餐饮行业的快速发展,食品安全问题越来越受到公众的关注。当前我国网络餐饮食品安全法律制度还不够完善,导致食品生产管理、餐饮平台管理以及餐饮配送管理存在风险。这就需要运用社会共治理论,建立政府主导、社会参与、内部自治的治理框架,并重视餐饮平台的监管作用和现代技术手段的应用。同时,进一步完善食品经营管理、餐饮平台管理、餐饮配送管理、内部监督等方面的制度建设。

              关键词: 网络餐饮; 食品安全; 风险治理; 社会共治;

              WANGLUOCANYINZUOWEIJINNIANLAIHULIANWANGHEYIDONGTONGXINJISHUJINMIJIEHEDECHANWU,ZAIWEIRICHANGYINSHITIGONGJIDABIANLIDETONGSHI,YEJICHUANTONGDECANYINMOSHIDAILAILEYIDINGCHONGJIBINGYINFAGUANGFANSHEHUIGUANZHU。DANGQIAN,WOGUOWANGLUOCANYINSHIPINANQUANJIANGUANZHIDUGONGJIRENGRANBUCHONGFEN,SHICHANGJIANGUANBUMENDELVZHIYALIDA,ERMINZHONGDUISHIPINANQUANDEDANYOUYESUIZHEGEZHONGFUMIANSHIJIANDEPUGUANGERYUJIAQIANGLIE。ZHENDUIWANGLUOCANYINSHIPINANQUANFENGXIANWANSHANWANGLUOCANYINSHIPINANQUANFALVZHIDU,YOUHUASHENGJIJIANGUANMOSHI,ZENGQIANGJIANGUANNENGLICONGERBAOZHANGGONGZHONGJIANKANG,YICHENGWEISHIPINANQUANZHILIJIDAIJIEJUEDEWENTI。BENWENJIANGDUIWANGLUOCANYINMOSHICUNZAIDESHIPINANQUANFENGXIANJINXINGFENXI,YUNYONGSHEHUIGONGZHILILUNTICHUGAIJINSHIPINANQUANJIANGUANMOSHIHEWANSHANFENGXIANGUIZHIFALVZHIDUDEJIBENLUJING。

              一、当前网络餐饮食品安全制度中的风险漏洞

              “HULIANWANG+CANYIN”KEYISHUOSHIDANGQIANFAZHANZUIKUAI、SHOUZHONGZUIGUANGDE“HULIANWANG+”MOSHIZHIYI。WANGLUOCANYINDEFUWUMOSHIXIANGBICHUANTONGCANYINFUWUZAIJIEGOUSHANGGENGWEIFUZA,ZAISHIPINJINGYINGZHEYUXIAOFEIZHEZHIJIANZENGJIALEDIANCANRUKOU、WAIMAIPINGTAI、ZHIFUJIEKOU、PEISONGXITONGSIDAHUANJIE。ERYITUOMEIYIGEHUANJIE,YOUXINGCHENGLEXIANGHULIANXIDANYOUXIANGDUIDULIDECHANYETIXI。ZAIWANGLUOCANYINFUWUMOSHIXIA,YUANBENDANGCHANGJISHIDESHIPINXIAOFEIBIANCHENGCHANGWAISHIYIDESHIPINXIAOFEI,YUANBENDANYIDEFALVGUANXIBIANDEDUOYUAN,DUISHIPINANQUANJIANGUANBUMENDEGUANXIA、DIAOCHA、QUZHENG、CHUFA、ZHIXINGDENGGONGZUODAILAIHENDATIAOZHAN。

              (一)网络餐饮生产环节存在的食品安全风险

              WANGLUOCANYINMOSHIGAIBIANLECHUANTONGDECANYINLINGSHOUHUANJING,CHUANGZAOCHULEYIZHONGXINDEKONGJIANSHIYONGFANGFA。YUELAIYUEDUODEWAIMAILAIZISUOWEIDE“GONGXIANGCHUFANG”,YEJIUSHIJIANGYIGEMENDIANTONGSHICHUZUJIJIGESHANGHUJINGYINGBUTONGPINPAIDESHIPIN,BUSHEHUOZHEZHISHEYOUHENXIAODETANGSHIQUYU,YISONGWAIMAIWEIZHU。《WANGLUOCANYINFUWUSHIPINANQUANJIANDUGUANLIBANFA》(YIXIAJIANCHENG《BANFA》)MINGQUEGUIDINGRUWANGCANYINFUWUTIGONGZHEYINGDANGJUYOUSHITIJINGYINGMENDIANBINGYIFAQUDESHIPINJINGYINGXUKEZHENG。BEIJINGSHI、SHANGHAISHIDENGDIFANGZHENGFUDUIBANLICANYINXUKEZHENGCHULEZAIWEISHENG、XIAOFANGHECONGYERENYUANJIANKANGDENGFANGMIANYOUYAOQIUWAI,HAICUNZAIZHEMENDIANMIANJIDEYAOQIU。ER“GONGXIANGCHUFANG”ZENENGGOUJIEJUEXIAOXINGSHIPINJINGYINGZHEDEBANZHENGKUNNAN,TAMENZHIXUXIANGYIHUODEHEFAXUKEDE“GONGXIANGCHUFANG”JIAONAJINCHANGFEI,JIKERUZHUKAIYE。SUIRAN《BANFA》YAOQIUWANGLUOCANYINSHANGJIAJUYOUSHITIJINGYINGMENDIAN,DANBINGWEIXIANDINGYIGEMENDIANZHINENGDUIYINGYIGESHANGJIA。YINCI,“GONGXIANGCHUFANG”DEJINGYINGMOSHIZAIDANGQIANSHIPINJIANGUANTIXIZHONGBINGWEIBEIRENDINGWEIFA。

              “共享厨房”的经营模式原本有利于将偏远、分散且难以监管的小规模食品经营者集中运营,通过提供标准化的厨房设施和管理服务提高外卖商家的产品质量,从而保障网络餐饮食品安全。但由于立法的滞后与缺陷,“共享厨房”模式不仅未能实现保障网络餐饮食品安全的目标,反而增加了新的食品安全风险。首先,“共享厨房”模式下的入驻商家实际上只是档口的承租人,没有自己的食品经营许可证,但却通过借用“共享厨房”的经营许可证独立开展经营活动。“共享厨房”各档口之间未能实现有效的物理隔离,入驻商家的食品生产行为可能相互影响,食品安全风险也会相互传递。其次,我国现有的法律并未对“共享厨房”的设立条件、硬件标准、人员配备、管理要求作出规定,也未对承租商家的入驻条件作出规定。实践中,“共享厨房”为了成功“招商”、缩短空期,对入驻商家的条件要求往往并不高。再次,现有法律也未对“共享厨房”模式下的经营风险负担及责任划分作出规定。“共享厨房”的经营者对于入驻商家的经营行为应当承担何种程度上的监管义务、对入驻商家的违法行为是否承担连带责任等问题均缺乏直接法律依据。
             

            网络餐饮食品安全制度存在的风险与完善建议
             

            星云棋牌官网下载   FENSANERYINBIDEXIAOGUIMOWANGLUOCANYINJINGYINGYECUNZAIZHEJIAOWEIYANZHONGDESHIPINANQUANYINHUAN。DANGQIAN,YIXIEXIAOGUIMOWAIMAISHIPINJINGYINGMENDIANJINGYINGHUANJINGCHA,DIMIANWUGOUCHENJI、CHONGYINGMANTIANFEI、SHIPINJIAGONGRENYUANWEISHENGYISHICHADENGWENTIYOUWEITUCHU。WANGLUOCANYINMOSHIXIADEXIAOFEIZHERONGYIYINXINXIBUDUICHENGERSANGSHIDUISHANGJIADEPANDUANNENGLI。GENGYOUSHENZHE,HAICHUXIANLEZANGNIYUJUMINXIAOQULIDEWUZHENGJINGYINGXIAOZUOFANG,YEJIUSHISUOWEIDE“JIATINGCHUFANG”。JIATINGCHUFANGSHIDEWAIMAIJINGYINGZHEMEIYOUYINGYEZHIZHAOHESHIPINJINGYINGXUKEZHENG,SHICAIDECAIGOU、DAPEI、ZHIZUOJUNWUGUIFANHUADEZHILIANGJIANKONG,CHUSHIYUSONGCANYUANGONGYEDADUOMEIYOUJIANKANGZHENG,SHIDIANXINGDE“HEIZUOFANG”。ZHEIZHONGJIATINGCHUFANGYINQIJINGYINGCHANGSUOFENSANERYINBI,QIEYUSIRENZHUZHAIHUNHE,SHIDEJIANGUANJIGOUZHIFARENYUANXIANCHANGDIAOCHAQUZHENGKUNNAN,JIANGUANFALI。

              (二)网络餐饮平台管理存在的食品安全风险

              ZAIWANGLUOCANYINMOSHIZHONG,JUEDINGXIAOFEIDEWANGWANGBUSHISHIPINBENSHEN,ERSHIZHANGKONGWANGLUOSHUJULIULIANGDEWAIMAIPINGTAI,TAMENJUEDINGXIAOFEIZHEDAKAISHOUJIYINGYONGZHIHOUNENGGOUKANDAONAXIEWAIMAISHANGJIA,CONGERJUEDINGLEXIAOFEI。YINCI,ZAIWANGLUOCANYINMOSHIZHONG,DISANFANGPINGTAIYOUZHEJIWEIQIANGDADEHUAYUQUAN,DUIYUSHIPINANQUANBAOZHANGQIZHEZHIGUANZHONGYAODEZUOYONG。

            星云棋牌官网下载   ZAIWOGUO,WANGLUOCANYINPINGTAIBEIFUYULEZIGESHENHE、GUOCHENGJIANGUANDENGYIWU。《BANFA》GUIDING,WANGLUOCANYINFUWUDISANFANGPINGTAITIGONGZHEYINGDANGDUIRUWANGCANYINFUWUTIGONGZHEDESHIPINJINGYINGXUKEZHENGJINXINGSHENCHA,DENGJIRUWANGCANYINFUWUTIGONGZHEDEMINGCHENG、DIZHI、FADINGDAIBIAORENHUOZHEFUZERENJILIANXIFANGSHIDENGXINXI,BAOZHENGRUWANGCANYINFUWUTIGONGZHESHIPINJINGYINGXUKEZHENGZAIMINGDEJINGYINGCHANGSUODENGXUKEXINXIZHENSHI。CHULEZHUNRUZIGESHENCHAYIWUWAI,《SHIPINANQUANFA》DILIUSHIERTIAOHAIGUIDINGLEWANGLUOCANYINPINGTAIDUIRUWANGSHIPINJINGYINGZHEDEJINGYINGXINGWEILVXINGJIANGUANZHIZE,KECAIQUDECUOSHIBAOKUOZHIZHIWEIFAXINGWEI、BAOGAOSHIPINANQUANJIANGUANBUMENYIJITINGZHITIGONGWANGLUOJIAOYIPINGTAIFUWU。RUGUOSHUO,FALVFUYUPINGTAIDEZIGEZHUNRUSHENHEYIWUSHISHIQIANSHENCHAYUFANGHUANJIEDEHUA,NEIMEJINGYINGXINGWEIZHUYIYIWUZESHIFALVFUYUWANGLUOSHIPINJIAOYIDISANFANGPINGTAIDUIRUWANGSHIPINJINGYINGZHEJINGYINGHUODONGDESHIZHONGKONGZHIYIWU。1

              DANZAISHIJIANZHONG,YOUDEWANGLUOCANYINJIAOYIPINGTAICUNZAIZHEXINXISHENCHABUYAN、GUANLIQUEWEIDENGWENTI,WEINENGZHENZHENGLVXINGBAOZHENGSHIPINJINGYINGXINXIZHENSHIXINGDEYIWU。2XIANXINGFALVMEIYOUGUIDINGPINGTAIXUYAOLUOSHISHIPINANQUANZHUTIZEREN,ZHEIJIUDAOZHIPINGTAISUOCHENGDANDEFALVYIWUYUQIFALVZERENZHIJIANDEBUPIPEI。《BANFA》GUIDING,RUWANGCANYINFUWUTIGONGZHESHIPINJINGYINGXUKEZHENGZAIMINGDEJINGYINGCHANGSUODENGXUKEXINXIBUZHENSHIDE,YOUXIANJIYISHANGDIFANGSHIPINYAOPINJIANDUGUANLIBUMENYIZHAO《SHIPINANQUANFA》DIYIBAISANSHIYITIAODEGUIDINGDUIWANGLUOCANYINPINGTAIJINXINGCHUFA。DANCONG《SHIPINANQUANFA》DIYIBAISANSHIYITIAODEGUIDINGLAIKAN,WANGLUOCANYINPINGTAITIGONGZHEZHIZAIWEIDUIRUWANGSHIPINJINGYINGZHEJINXINGSHIMINGDENGJI、SHENCHAXUKEZHENG,HUOZHEWEILVXINGBAOGAO、TINGZHITIGONGWANGLUOJIAOYIPINGTAIFUWUDENGYIWUDEQINGKUANGXIACAIXUCHENGDANZEREN。ZHIYAOWANGLUOCANYINPINGTAILVXINGLEXINGSHISHENCHAYIWU,JISHIXUKEZHENGSHANGJIZAIDEXINXIBUZHENSHI,YEBUCUNZAI《SHIPINANQUANFA》DIYIBAISANSHIYITIAODESHIYONGQINGKUANG。KEJIAN《BANFA》YU《SHIPINANQUANFA》WEINENGYOUXIAOXIANJIE,SHIDEWANGLUOCANYINPINGTAIDUIRUWANGCANYINFUWUTIGONGZHEDEXINXIZHENSHIXINGBAOZHENGYIWUHUAWEIWUYOU。ZHEIJIUDAOZHIWANGLUOCANYINPINGTAIGENGJIAZHUZHONGJIAOYILIANGERDUISHIPINJINGYINGZHEDEXINXICHAZHENGYIJIANQUANGUANLISHIYUSHUHU。SHIJIANZHONG,YOUDEPINGTAIWEIQIANGZHANSHICHANGFENE、XIYINGENGDUOCANYINFUWUJINGYINGZHERUZHU,HUICHUXIANFANGSONGSHENCHAYAOQIU,SHENZHIZONGRONGJINGYINGZHESHIYONGWEIZAOHUOJIAJIESHIPINJINGYINGXUKEZHENGDEQINGKUANG。3CIWAI,XIANYOUPINGTAIZIZHISHENHESHUJUKUYUJIANGUANBUMENZHIJIANSHUJUXINXIWEINENGSHIXIANYOUXIAODUIJIE。ZAISHENHEZHENGZHAODEGUOCHENGZHONG,XINXISHUJULAIYUANYUBUTONGJIGOUHEBUMEN,RONGYICHUXIANXINXIGENGXINBUJISHIHESHUJUKUBUPIPEIDENGWENTI,PINGTAIZAISHISHISHANGYENANYICHENGDANZHENSHIXINGBAOZHENGYIWU。

              (三)餐饮配送环节的食品安全风险

              CANYINPEISONGSHIWANGLUOCANYINZHONGDEZHONGYAOHUANJIE。WAIMAIPEISONGYUANJIANGCANSHICONGCANTINGQUCHU,JINGLIDUANZESHUFENZHONG、ZHANGDASHUXIAOSHIDELUTUSONGZHIXIAOFEIZHESHOUZHONG,QIJIANHAIYAOBAOZHENGSHIWUDEWEISHENG、ANQUAN、XINXIANDENG。YINCI,WAIMAIPEISONGBUTONGYUPUTONGDEKUAIDI,YINGDANGJUBEIYIDINGDECONGYETIAOJIANHEZHIYEYAOQIU,BINGNARUCANYINXINGYEGUANLIZHIZHONG。《BANFA》GUIDING:“SONGCANRENYUANYINGDANGBAOCHIGERENWEISHENG,SHIYONGANQUAN、WUHAIDEPEISONGRONGQI,BAOCHIRONGQIQINGJIE,BINGDINGQIJINXINGQINGXIXIAODU。SONGCANRENYUANYINGDANGHEDUIPEISONGSHIPIN,BAOZHENGPEISONGGUOCHENGSHIPINBUSHOUWURAN。”DANSHI,DUIYUSONGCANRENYUANWEILVXINGSHIYONGANQUAN、WUHAIDEPEISONGRONGQIDENGYIWUDE,《BANFA》ZHIDUISONGCANRENYUANSUOZAIDANWEIJINXINGCHUFA,SONGCANRENYUANWUXUJIUQIWEIHAISHIPINANQUANDEWEIFAXINGWEICHENGDANZHIJIEDEFALVZEREN。ER“SONGCANRENYUANSUOZAIDANWEI”DEBIAOSHUYECUNZAIZHEHANYIBUQINGDEWENTI,JIYISHENMEBIAOZHUNLAIPANDUANSONGCANRENYUANDESUOZAIDANWEI,XUYAOJINYIBULIQING。DANGQIANSONGCANRENYUANDEGUYONGGUANLIJIWEISONGSANHUNLUAN,SONGCANYUANKENENGGENBENJIUMEIYOU“DANWEI”,SHENZHIZHIXUYAOZAIWANGLUOAppZHUCEXINXI、SHANGCHUANZILIAO,JIUKEYICHENGWEIPINGTAISONGCANYUAN,LINGHUOJIEDAN、LINGHUOJIESUAN。YUCITONGSHI,SONGCANRENYUANHAIKEYIJIANZHIYUDUOGEPINGTAIHUOSHANGJIA。ZHEIYANGDEZERENGUIDINGRONGYIDAOZHIZERENZHUTIBUMINGCONGERWUFALUOSHIWEIFAZEREN,HENNANXINGCHENGDUISONGCANRENYUANZUGOUDEYUESHULI。

            星云棋牌官网下载   YOUYUSHICHANGFAZHANKUAI、JINRUMENJIANDIDENGYUANYIN,WANGLUOCANYINPEISONGHUANJIEDESONGCANYUANJIHUCHENGLEBUKEKONGDE“ZAPAIJUN”。PEISONGCHAOSHI、SHIWUCHUANWEI、FUWUTAIDUCHADENGYICHENGWEIXIAOFEIZHETOUSUDEREDIAN,ERXIAOFEIZHEKANBUJIANDESHIPINANQUANFENGXIANZESHIGENGWEIZHONGYAODEWENTI。YOUXIESONGCANYUANSUOSHIYONGDEBAOWENXIANGCHANGNIANBUGENGHUAN、BUQINGXI,FUZHUANGBUQINGXIXIAODU,CONGYEZHEWUJIANKANGZHENGMINGDENGWENTIZAISHIJIANZHONGJUNJIAOWEITUCHU。4WEICI,《BANFA》GUIDING:“WANGLUOCANYINFUWUDISANFANGPINGTAITIGONGZHEHERUWANGCANYINFUWUTIGONGZHEYINGDANGJIAQIANGDUISONGCANRENYUANDESHIPINANQUANPEIXUNHEGUANLI。WEITUOSONGCANDANWEISONGCANDE,SONGCANDANWEIYINGDANGJIAQIANGDUISONGCANRENYUANDESHIPINANQUANPEIXUNHEGUANLI。”XIANGBIWANGLUOCANYINPINGTAIPEISONGHESHANGJIAPEISONGMOSHI,DISANFANGPEISONGYICHENGWEIWAIMAIPEISONGDEZHULIMOSHI。ERZHEIXIE“SONGCANDANWEI”ZAIMUQIANDEZHIDUTIXIXIASHANGQUEFAXIANGYINGDEGUANLIGUIDING。JISHIZAICANYINPINGTAIPEISONGXIA,PINGTAIYUPEISONGYUANDEGUANXIYEJIAOWEISONGSAN,CANYINPEISONGYUANZHENGTICHENGXIANCHUZIYOUZHIYEDETEDIAN。CANYINPEISONGXINGYEDEFUZAXINGSHIDEDUISONGCANRENYUANDEGUANLIZHIDUXINGTONGXUSHE,NANYIFAHUIYOUXIAODEZHIDUYUESHULI。

              二、网络餐饮食品安全风险规制的基本理念

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              (一)发挥政府监管的主导作用

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              (二)动员社会力量的参与作用

              CHONGFENFAHUISHEHUIZUZHIDEJIANDUHEZHICHIZUOYONG。ZHEILIJIANGDESHEHUIZUZHISHIZHICHUSHIPINJINGYINGZHEHEXIAOFEIZHEYIWAI,YUSHIPINANQUANMIQIEXIANGGUANDEZUZHIYUJIGOU,BAOKUOMEITI、SHIPINXINGYEZUZHIHEXIAOFEIZHEZUZHIDENGSHEHUIZUZHI,HAIBAOKUOSHIPINJIANYANJIANCEJIGOU。ZAIWANGLUOCANYINMOSHIZHONG,XIAOFEIZHEYOUYUXINXIBUDUICHENG、XIAOFEIEDUDI、WEIQUANNANDUDADENGYUANYIN,ZAIZAOYUSHIPINANQUANWENTISHIWANGWANGXUANZEFANGQIWEIQUAN,ZIRENDAOMEI。CONGFALVDEJIAODUKAN,XIAOFEIZHESHIYONGYOUANQUANWENTIDESHIPINHOU,SHENTIJIANKANGFANGMIANDESHIJISUNHAIKENENGBUHUILIJIBIAOXIAN,SHENZHIMEIYOUMINGXIANBIAOXIAN。XIAOFEIZHEDUISUNHAIHOUGUODEZHENGMINGCUNZAIKUNNAN,QISUNHAIPEICHANGDEQINGQIUHUIBEIRENWEIQUEFASHISHIJICHU,ZIRANYEJIUQUEFAWEIQUANDEDONGLI。JISHIXIAOFEIZHEXIANGDISANFANGPINGTAITICHUFANKUI,YEHUIYOUYUQUEFABIANJIEYOUXIAODEZHENGYIJIEJUEJIZHI,MIANLINDISANFANGPINGTAI、RUWANGJINGYINGZHEYIJIPEISONGYUANZHIJIANDEZERENTUIWEI。YINCI,YAOXIANGFAHUIHAOXIAOFEIZHEZHEIYISHIPINANQUANJIANZHENGRENDEJIANDUZUOYONG,JIUXUYAOZENGQIANGDISANFANGSHEHUIZUZHIDEJIANDUHEZHICHIGONGNENG。FALVYINGDANGGULIGELEISHEHUIZUZHIZAIWANGLUOCANYINPINGTAIXUANCHUANSHIPINANQUANFALVZHISHI,WEIXIAOFEIZHEFANKUISHIPINANQUANWENTITIGONGGENGJIABIANJIEDE“HULIANWANG+WEIQUAN”TONGDAO,PEIYANGHEZENGQIANGXIAOFEIZHEFALVWEIQUANYISHI、ZIWOBAOHUYISHIHENENGLI,WEIXIAOFEIZHEWEIHUZISHENHEFAQUANYIYIFATIGONGZHICHIHEBANGZHU。

              (三)重视内部监管的自治作用

              WAIBUJIANGUANJUEBUSHISHIPINANQUANZHILIDEQUANBU,SHIPINANQUANJIANGUANBIXUBAOKUOSHIPINJINGYINGZHEDEZIWO“JIANKONG”。JINKAOWAILIERMEIYOUNEILI,FAZHIJIUBUKENENGZHENZHENGGENZHIYUSHEHUIBINGCHANSHENGSHIXIAO。YINCI,QIANGDIAOWAIBUJIANGUANDEZHONGYAOXINGBUYIWEIZHEKEYIHUSHISHIPINJINGYINGZHENEIBUZHILIANGGUANLITIXI。RUGUOSHUOJIANGUANBUMENSHISHIPINANQUANDEJIANDUZHE,NEIMESHIPINJINGYINGZHECAISHISHIPINANQUANPINZHIDEZHENZHENGDAZAOZHE。DANWANGLUOCANYINZHONGDESHIPINJINGYINGZHEGUIMOYOUDAYOUXIAO,JIANLINEIBUZHILIANGKONGZHITIXIDENENGLIYEYOUSUOBUTONG,FALVNANYIZUOCHUTONGYIYAOQIU。SUIRANDAXINGQIYE、XIAOXINGQIYEHEGETIGONGSHANGHUDENEIBUANQUANGUANKONGJIZHIHEFANGFABUJINXIANGTONG,DANSHITAMENDUIYUSHIPINANQUANYINGYOUDEGAODUZIJUEHEYANGEZILVYINGDANGYIZHI。ZHEIJIUXUYAOZHUZHONG“RUANFA”ZHIZHI,CHANGDAO“ROUXING”JIANGUANCUOSHI,FAHUIWANGLUOCANYINXINGYEXIEHUIDEZIZHIZUOYONG,YOUSHIPINJINGYINGZHEZIZHUCANYUJIANSHECANYINXINGYEBIAOZHUNTIXI,SHIXIANSHIPINANQUANFAZHIYUZIZHIDEJIEHE。

              QIANWENYISHU,DUIYUWANGLUOCANYINRIJIANXINGSHENGDE“GONGXIANGCHUFANG”LAISHUO,QIFALVDIWEIYIJIGUANLIZHIDUZAIDANGQIANSHIPINANQUANFALVTIXIZHONGSHANGYOUBUZU。“GONGXIANGCHUFANG”DECHUXIANYOULIYUSHIXIANGONGJICEGAIGEYUZIYUANDEYOUHUAPEIZHI,BINGJIANHUAXINGZHENGXUKE,JIESHENGJIANGUANZIYUAN。CONGCUJINWANGLUOCANYINXINGYEJIANKANGFAZHAN、YUFANGSHIPINANQUANFENGXIANDEJIAODULAIKAN,FALVYIDUICIZUOCHUZHENGMIANHUIYING。

              (四)激活第三方平台的关键作用

              WANGLUOSHIPINJIAOYIDISANFANGPINGTAISHIWANGLUOCANYINSHIPINANQUANJIANGUANDEGUANJIAN,JUEDADUOSHUDEWANGLUOCANYINJIAOYITONGGUODISANFANGPINGTAIKAIZHAN。YOUYUDISANFANGPINGTAIZHANGWOLERUWANGSHIPINJINGYINGZHEDEJINGYINGXINXIHEXIAOFEIZHEDEFANKUIXINXI,BINGZHIJIECUCHENGLEWANGLUOCANYINJIAOYI,YINERYOUZERENYEYOUNENGLICHENGDANSHIPINANQUANJIANGUANZHIZE。《SHIPINANQUANFA》MINGQUESHOUQUANWANGLUOSHIPINJIAOYIDISANFANGPINGTAIDUIRUWANGSHIPINJINGYINGZHEDEJINGYINGXINGWEIJINXINGJIANDUJIANCHA。《WANGLUOSHIPINANQUANWEIFAXINGWEICHACHUBANFA》JINYIBUGUIDING,WANGLUOSHIPINJIAOYIDISANFANGPINGTAITIGONGZHEYINGDANGSHEZHIZHUANMENDEWANGLUOSHIPINANQUANGUANLIJIGOUHUOZHEZHIDINGZHUANZHISHIPINANQUANGUANLIRENYUAN,DUIPINGTAISHANGDESHIPINJINGYINGXINGWEIJIXINXIJINXINGJIANCHA。DISANFANGPINGTAIDUIRUWANGSHIPINJINGYINGZHEDEJIANDUJIANCHASHIQIBUKETUIXIEDEFADINGZHIZE,ZAIWANGLUOCANYINSHIPINANQUANJIANGUANZHONGYOUZHEFEICHANGZHONGYAODEDIWEI,YINGDANGSHANYONGQIJIANDUJIANCHADEQUANLI,ZHIDAOHEDUCURUWANGSHIPINJINGYINGZHEZUOHAOSHIPINANQUANFENGXIANDEZIWOGUIZHI,BINGLIYONGZISHENZHANGWODESHUJUYOUSHI,YUZHENGFUBUMEN、SHEHUIZUZHIKAIZHANSHIPINANQUANDEHEZUOZHILI。

              (五)借助数字技术的支撑作用

            星云棋牌官网下载   DANGQIANRENLEISHEHUIYIJINGJINRULEYIGEDASHUJU、QUANMEITIDEYIDONGHULIANSHIDAI。CHONGFENRENSHIBINGLIYONGZHEIYITEDIAN,YUNYONGZUIXIANJINDEJISHUHESHOUDUAN,DUIDASHUJUJINXINGFENXI,KEYIRANGWOMENGENGJIAQUANMIANDILEJIESHIPINANQUANDEREDIAN、NANDIANHEQIANYANWENTI,CONGERDUISHIPINANQUANSHIXIANJINGZHUNJIANGUAN,BUDUANZENGQIANGJIANGUANBUMENJIEJUESHIPINANQUANWENTIDENENGLI。

              三、网络餐饮食品安全具体制度的完善

            星云棋牌官网下载   CONGSHIPINANQUANFAZHIDEJIAODUKAN,SHIXIANZHENGFUZHUDAO、SHICHANGYUSHEHUIZHUTIGUANGFANCANYUDE“SHEHUIGONGZHI”XINGSHIPINANQUANZHILI,SHOUXIANYAOQIUZHENGFUTONGGUOFALVSHOUDUANHETUJINGJIANLILIANGXINGSHICHANGZHIXUHEJIZHI,QUEBAOSHIPINANQUAN。ZHEIXUYAOYIXILIEJUTIDEJIANGUANZHIDUYUYIPEITAO,ZHEICAISHIFUYUSHIPINANQUANFAZHISHIZHINEIRONGHEZHANGJIUSHENGMINGLIDEGUANJIANSUOZAI。6《SHIPINANQUANFA》DAJIANLESHIPINANQUANFAZHIDEHONGGUANFALVKUANGJIA,《WANGLUOCANYINFUWUSHIPINANQUANJIANDUGUANLIBANFA》HE《WANGLUOSHIPINANQUANWEIFAXINGWEICHACHUBANFA》JIANGOULEYIPIZHONGYAODEJUTIZHIDUHEYUNXINGJIZHI,DANCONGBENWENDEFENXILAIKAN,DANGQIANDEWANGLUOCANYINSHIPINANQUANZHIDUTIXIRENGRANWUFAYOUXIAODISHIXIANSHIPINANQUANFENGXIANDEQUANGUOCHENGJIANGUAN。

              (一)建立“共享厨房”管理制度

            星云棋牌官网下载   QIANWENYIFENXI,DANGQIANSHIPINANQUANFALVZHIDUZAIWANGLUOCANYINJIAGONGSHENGCHANHUANJIEZUIDADELOUDONG,JIZAIYUQUEFADUI“GONGXIANGCHUFANG”ZHEIYICANYINXINMOSHIDEBIYAOGUIFAN。“GONGXIANGCHUFANG”CANYINMOSHIZAISHIXIANCHUFANGCHANGDIHESHESHIDEGONGXIANGYIJIKAIYECHENGBEN、ZHUANGXIUCHENGBEN、GUANLICHENGBENGONGDANDETONGSHI,YECUNZAIZHESHIPINANQUANFENGXIANGONGDANDEYINHUAN。YINCI,JIANLI“GONGXIANGCHUFANG”GUANLIZHIDU,JIEJUEQIMOSHIDEHEGUIXINGWENTISHIWANGLUOCANYINSHIPINANQUANZHILIJIAOWEIJINPODEYIXIANGRENWU。2017NIAN2YUE1RISHIXINGDE《SHANGHAISHISHIPINJINGYINGXUKEGUANLISHISHIBANFA(SHIXING)》ZHENDUICILEIYETAITEDIAN,SHEZHILE“ZHUANYEWANGLUODINGCAN”SHIPINJINGYINGXUKEXIANGMU,CANZHAOJITIYONGCANPEISONGDANWEIYAOQIUKAIZHANXUKEHEJIANGUAN,BINGQIEQIANGDIAOLEZHUANYEWANGLUODINGCANQIYEJIANGCHANGDIZULINJIQITASHANGJIAJINGYINGDE,YOUGAIZHUANYEWANGLUODINGCANQIYECHENGDANFALVZEREN。JIANG“GONGXIANGCHUFANG”DEJINGYINGZHEZUOWEISHIPINJIAGONGSHENGCHANHUANJIESHOUYAOZERENRENDEZUOFAKEGONGJIEJIAN,YOULIYUJIAQIANG“GONGXIANGCHUFANG”DEZIWOGUANLI,BIMIANJINGYINGQIYEYINMANGMUZHUIQIURUZHULVERJIANGDIDUIRUZHUSHANGJIADEYAOQIU。DANSHI,CANZHAOJITIYONGCANPEISONGDANWEIDEBIAOZHUNDUI“GONGXIANGCHUFANG”JINXINGXUKEHEJIANGUAN,TAIGAOLE“GONGXIANGCHUFANG”DEZHUNRUMENJIAN。JIANYIZAIMINGQUE“GONGXIANGCHUFANG”JINGYINGZHEFALVZERENDEJICHUSHANG,ZHIDINGGENGWEIXIANSHIHELIDEZHUNRUBIAOZHUN,BAGUIZHIZHONGDIANFANGZAI“GONGXIANGCHUFANG”JINGYINGZHEDUIRUZHUSHANGJIADERICHANGJIANGUANSHANGLAI,YIGENGYANDESHIZHONGJIANGUANHESHIHOUZHUIZE,HUANHESHIQIANZHUNRUYUWANGLUOCANYINXINGYEFAZHANZHIJIANDEMAODUN。

              (二)完善网络餐饮平台管理制度

              DANGQIANFALVDUIWANGLUOCANYINPINGTAIDEGUIDINGZHUYAOZHENDUIDESHIZHUANMENXINGDISANFANGPINGTAI,ERDUIYUZIJIANWANGLUOJIAOYIPINGTAIHUOZHESHIYONGJISHITONGXUNGONGJUDENGFEIZHUANMENXINGWANGLUOCANYINPINGTAIDEQINGXINGQUEFAZUGOUKAOLV。TEBIESHIDUIYUTONGGUOJISHITONGXUNGONGJUJIAZAIYUCHUANBODE“KUAISUYINGYONG”HUOZHE“XIAOCHENGXU”DENGRUHEDINGXING,MUQIANHAICUNZAIFALVKONGBAI。BIZHERENWEI,ZIJIANWANGLUOJIAOYIPINGTAIDESHIPINJINGYINGZHEWANGWANGSHIDAXINGSHIPINJINGYINGQIYE,XUANZESHIYONGDISANFANGPINGTAIHAISHIZIJIANPINGTAIKAIZHANWANGLUOJINGYING,ZHISHIJINGYINGZHANLVEDEQUBIE,BUYINGJUYOUSHIPINANQUANGUANLIYIWUSHANGDEQUBIE。ERJISHITONGXUNGONGJUYUFUZAIQISHANGDEKUAISUYINGYONGJUYOUXIANGDUIDULIXING,KUAISUYINGYONGZISHENWANQUANJUBEIWANGLUOCANYINJIAOYIPINGTAIDEYAOSUYUTEZHENG,BUYIJIANGJIAZAILEWANGLUOCANYINKUAISUYINGYONGDEJISHITONGXUNGONGJUZHENGGESHIWEIWANGLUOCANYINJIAOYIPINGTAI。YINCI,JIANYIGUIDING:SHIPINJINGYINGZHEZIJIANWANGLUOJIAOYIPINGTAIDE,YINGCHENGDANYUWANGLUOCANYINDISANFANGPINGTAIXIANGTONGDEFALVYIWU;TONGGUOFUZAIYUJISHITONGXUNGONGJUHUOWANGZHANSHANGDEYINGYONGCHENGXUKAIZHANWANGLUOCANYINJINGYINGDE,GAIYINGYONGCHENGXUDESHIJISHIYONGZHEYINGCHENGDANYUWANGLUOCANYINDISANFANGPINGTAIXIANGTONGDEFALVYIWU。

              “HULIANWANG+”MOSHIWEIWANGLUOCANYINPINGTAIDEFAZHANZHURULEXINXIANDEHUOLI,YEWEISHIPINANQUANJIANGUANDAILAILEXINDEQIJI。XIANYOUSHIPINANQUANJIANGUANZHIDUDUIYU“HULIANWANG+”DELIYONGDUHEQIHEDUHAIBUGOU,WEILAIYINGGAITANSUOZHEIFANGMIANDEZHIDUSHEJI。YINGDANGJIANLISHIPINJINGYINGZHEXINXISHUJUKU,BINGYUWANGLUOCANYINPINGTAIJINXINGXINXIDUIJIEHESHUJUGONGXIANG。WANGLUOCANYINPINGTAIZAISHENCHASHIPINJINGYINGZHERUWANGSHENQINGSHI,KEYIYUJIANGUANBUMENDEXINXISHUJUKUJINXINGBIDUI,YIQUERENSHENQINGZILIAODEZHENSHIXING。WANGLUOCANYINPINGTAIYINGDANGJIANLISHIPINANQUANJIANCEYUBAOGAOXITONG,YUSHIPINJIANGUANBUMENSHIXIANZHILIANZHIBAO,JISHIXIANGJIANGUANBUMENFANKUISHIPINANQUANWENTI,SHIJIANGUANBUMENNENGGOUGENGYOUZHENDUIXINGDIKAIZHANXIANXIASHIDIJIANCHA。

              XIANXINGZHIDUTIXISUIRANMINGQUEGUIDINGLEWANGLUOCANYINPINGTAIYINGDANGSHEZHIZHUANMENDEWANGLUOSHIPINANQUANGUANLIJIGOUHUOZHEZHIDINGZHUANZHISHIPINANQUANGUANLIRENYUAN,DANQUEFADUISHIPINANQUANGUANLIDEGUOCHENGXINGYAOQIU,NANYIBIMIANSHANGSHUJIGOUYURENYUANXINGTONGXUSHE。YINCI,JIANYIGUIDING:WANGLUOCANYINPINGTAIYINGDANGJIANLIQIWANGLUOSHIPINANQUANGUANLIGUIZHANGZHIDU,ZHIDINGYANGEDEWANGLUOCANYINRUWANGJINGYINGBIAOZHUN,LVXINGDUIRUWANGJINGYINGZIGEDESHIZHISHENCHAYIWU,JIANGSHENCHAZILIAOYUGUOCHENGZAIPINGTAIWANGZHANSHANGGONGKAI。JIANLIWANGLUOSHIPINJIAOYIPINGTAISHIPINANQUANFENGXIANTISHIZHIDU,DUISHOUDAOXIAOFEIZHETOUSU、JUBAOHUOZHEJIAODUOCHAPINGDEJINGYINGZHE,ZAIDIAOCHAJIEGUOZUOCHUQIANYINGDANGZAIDIANCANRUKOUXIANGXIAOFEIZHEFACHUJINGSHI,JINKENENGJIANSHAOYOUYUQUEFASHIPINANQUANYISHIERDAOZHIDESHIPINANQUANYINHUANDEFASHENGHEKUODA。WEILEBAOZHENGPINGTAIZIWOGUANLIZHIDUDEZHENGCHANGYOUXIAOYUNXING,JIANYIJINYIBUGUIDING,WANGLUOCANYINPINGTAIYINGJIANGZHUANZHISHIPINANQUANGUANLIRENYUANXIANGPINGTAIZHUCEDISHICHANGJIANGUANBUMENBEIAN,BINGBAOZHENGQILVZHIDELIANXUXINGHEDULIXING。

              (三)细化餐饮配送管理制度

            星云棋牌官网下载   PEISONGHUANJIESHIWANGLUOCANYINSHIPINANQUANFENGXIANDEYIGEZHONGYAOFENGXIANJIEDIAN。DANGQIANFALVGUIFANDUIWANGLUOCANYINPEISONGZHIDUDEGONGJIYANZHONGBUZU,ZAOCHENGCANYINPEISONGGUANLIHUNLUAN、SHIPINANQUANWENTILVJIANBAODUAN。DUISHIPINPEISONGHUANJIEDEZHILI,SHIWEILAIWANSHANWANGLUOCANYINSHIPINANQUANFALVZHIDUDEZHONGYAONEIRONG。

              ZAIXIANYOUFALVGUIFANSUOQUELIDEPEISONGGUANLIKUANGJIAXIA,WANGLUOCANYINPEISONGZHIDUYINGDANGWEIRAOPEISONGYUANDELAODONGGUANXI、PEISONGXINGWEIGUIFANYIJISHIPINCHUCUNHEPEISONGSHESHIGUIFANYUYIWANSHAN。SHOUXIAN,JIANYIDUI“PEISONGRENYUANSUOZAIDANWEI”ZUOCHUMINGQUEDEFALVJIESHI。PEISONGYUAN“SUOZAIDANWEI”BUNENGDENGTONGYUYUQIQIANDINGLAODONGHETONGDEDANWEI,ERSHIXIANGQIFENPAIPEISONGDINGDANBINGZHIFUPEISONGFEIDEDANWEI,WULUNGAIPEISONGYUANYUGAIDANWEIDEFALVGUANXIRUHE。ZHEIYANG,BULUNPEISONGYUANSHIYOUSHIPINJINGYINGZHEGUYONG,HAISHIYOUDISANFANGPINGTAIGUYONG,HUOSHIZIYOULINGHUOJIANZHI,ZHIYAOXIANGPEISONGYUANFENPAIDINGDANBINGXIANGQIZHIFUPEISONGFEI,JIUBIXUCHENGDAN“SUOZAIDANWEI”DUIPEISONGYUANDEGUANLIYIWUBINGCHENGDANFALVZEREN,YICIDAOBISHIPINJINGYINGZHEHEDISANFANGPINGTAIJIAQIANGDUIPEISONGDEGUANLI,WANSHANNEIBUZHIDU。QICI,JIANLIPEISONGXINGWEIGUANLIGUIFAN,MINGQUEPEISONGYUANDEXINGWEIYIWU,PEISONGYUANWEIFANGUIDINGYIWUYINGDANGCHENGDANFALVZEREN。TONGSHIGUIDINGMIANZESHIYOU,WEIHUPEISONGYUANDEHEFALIYI。ZAICI,GUIDINGSHIPINPEISONGYINGDANGSHIYONGANQUANRONGQIHEWAIBAOZHUANG,GULISHIYONG“LENGRESHUANGWENXIANG”HETONGYIDEYICIXINGWAIMAICANPINBAOZHUANGFENGQIAN,YICIBIMIANRENWEIHUOYIWAIYINSUDAOZHIDESHIPINWURAN。ZUIHOU,XUJIAQIANGDUIPEISONGHUANJIEDEJIANGUANZHIFA,KAIZHANGEXIANGJIANCHAHUODONG,DUICANYINPEISONGDANWEIHEPEISONGYUANSHIJIAYALI,JIANDUQIYIFALVXINGYIWU。

              (四)落实投诉举报奖励制度

            星云棋牌官网下载   GULIWANGLUOCANYINJINGYINGZHEJICONGYERENYUANNEIBUJIANJU,ZUOSHIPINANQUANDE“CHUISHAOREN”。“CHUISHAORENZHIDU”YUANYUMEIGUO,1972NIANDE“SHUIMENSHIJIAN”CUSHILE《CHUISHAORENBAOHUFAAN》DEDANSHENG。《CHUISHAORENBAOHUFAAN》GULIGONGMINBAOKUOGONGZHIRENYUANTONGGUOGONGKAIBAOLIAOQIZHANGWODENEIBUXINXIYIWEIHUSHEHUIGONGZHENGHEGUOJIAANQUAN,BINGWEITAMENTIGONGTESHUBAOHU。7MEIGUOGUOHUIYANJIUFUWUZHONGXINBAOGAOBIAOMING,ZI21SHIJICHUZHIJIN,MEIGUOCONGLIANBANGDAOGEZHOUDOUZHIDINGLEGESHIGEYANGDECHUISHAOFAAN,ZHISHAOZAI18XIANGFAANZHONGGUIDINGLEDUISIRENQIYE“CHUISHAOREN”DEFALVBAOHU。8YINGGAISHUO,MEIGUOCONG19SHIJIMODESHIPINANQUANWENTIPINFADAORUJINDEZHILILIANGHAO,CHUISHAORENBAOHUZHIDUQIDAOLEFEICHANGZHONGYAODEZUOYONG。

              《SHIPINANQUANFA》DIYIBAIYISHIWUTIAOSUIRANJIANLILEJUBAORENJIANGLIHEBAOHUZHIDU,DANDUIYUJIANGLIZIJINDEEDUJIQILAIYUAN,TEBIESHIDUIJUBAORENDEBAOHUHAIQUEFAGENGJIAJUTIDEGUIDING。KEYIZENGJIAGUIDING,DUIYUTONGGUOJUBAOHUODECHASHIDEANJIAN,CONGFAMEIKUANZHONGTIQUYIDINGBILIZUOWEIJIANGJIN,BINGDUIZUIGAOEDUYUYIXIANZHI。WEIFANGZHILAIZIGUYONGDANWEIHEXINGYEDEDAJIBAOFU,FALVYINGDANGYUNXUNIMINGJUBAO,BINGMIANCHUJUBAORENZAISIFACHENGXUZHONGCHUTINGZUOZHENGDEYIWU。CIWAI,JUBAOTONGDAODEBIANLIXINGSHICHONGFENFAHUIJUBAOJIANGLIZHIDUDEQIANTI。JIANYIGUIDINGJIANGUANBUMENCHULEYIFAGONGBUBENBUMENDEDIANZIYOUJIANDIZHIHUOZHEDIANHUAWAI,HAIYINGDANGZAIWANGLUOCANYINPINGTAISHEZHIZHUANMENDETOUSUJUBAORUKOU,BINGDUIJUBAOXINXICAIQUSHUJUJIAMICUOSHI。

              (五)优化法律责任制度

              JINYIBUJIADACHUFALIDU,ZENGQIANGFALVZERENDEWEISHELI。DUIBIJIYURONGZIDONGZHEQIANWANMEIYUANDEWANGLUOCANYINPINGTAI,XIANYOUFALVZERENZHONGDEFAKUANSHUEZAIZIBENKUOZHANGMIANQIANHENNANFAHUIQICHENGJIEDEXIAOGUO。SUOYI,ZAIJIADACHUFALIDUDETONGSHIHAIXUYAOCHUANGXINDUOYUANHUADEJIANGUANSHOUDUANHECHENGFAFANGSHI。BIRU,QIANGHUADUIPINGTAIJIANGUANDESHENGYUYUESHU。ZAIFAKUANBUNENGGOUQIDAOYUESHUZUOYONGDEQINGKUANGXIA,DUIMEIYOUJINDAOSHENCHAYIWUDEPINGTAIJINXINGJINGYINGXINGWEISHANGDEXIANZHI,DUIWENTITUCHUDEPINGTAI,DUIQIBUFENQUYUHESHIDUANJINXINGJINGYINGXINGXIANZHI。WEIQIANGHUAPINGTAIDUIPINGTAIRUZHUZHEDEZIZHISHENCHA,HAIKEYITONGGUOQIANGHUALIANDAIZERENZHIDULAIDAOBIPINGTAIZHUNRUZHIDUDEDAOJINYIBUWANSHAN。9

              四、结语

              WOGUOWANGLUOCANYINSHIPINANQUANJIANDUZHIDUJIANSHEYINGGAISHUOCAIGANGGANGQIBU,ZHEIYUWANGLUOCANYINXINGYEDEFAZHANGUIMOYUSUDUXIANGBI,YIJINGYOULEYANZHONGDEZHIHOUXING。GUANZHUSHIPINANQUANFAZHIJIANSHE,JIYAOYOUHONGGUANDEZHANLVEYANGUANGHEXIANDAIZHILILINIAN,YEYAOYOUQIHESHIJIWENTIDEZHIDUJIEJUEFANGAN。CONGZHILILINIANLAIKAN,SHIPINANQUANSHISHEHUIGONGZHILILUNDEDIANXINGSHIYONGLINGYU,XUESHUJIEYIJIURUHEFAHUIHAOZHENGFU、SHICHANGYUSHEHUIGEFANGZUOYONGGONGTONGCANYUSHIPINANQUANZHILIZUOCHULEDALIANGYANJIU。ERWANGLUOCANYINSHIPINANQUANZHILIJIJUYOUSHIPINANQUANZHILIDEYIBANXING,GENGJUYOUYU“HULIANWANG+”“DASHUJU”YIJI“DAJIANKANG”DENGHUATIJINMIXIANGGUANDETESHUXING,BIRANNENGGOUJINYIBUFENGFUSHEHUIGONGZHILILUNDEBIAODAYUSHIJIAN。CONGJUTIZHIDULAIKAN,DANGQIANFALVGUIFANHAIXUZAIWANGLUOCANYINPINGTAIGUANLI、CANYINPEISONGGUANLI、JIANGUANXINXIJIAOLIU、FALVZERENSHEJIDENGFANGMIANLUOSHIFENGXIANGUIZHIDELINIANYUJISHU,WEIWANGLUOCANYINSHIPINANQUANBIANZHIGENGJIAKEXUEERYANMIDEFALVZHIWANG。

              注释

              1王三虎、贾娅玲:《网络餐饮平台食品安全管理的责任、挑战和对策》,《食品科学技术学报》,2018,36(5):13-18。
              2王睿、王敏:《网络订餐食品安全监管调查研究》,《食品安全导刊》,2018(18):13。
              3宋晓明:《网络餐饮服务食品安全监管问题及对策》,《中国食品药品监管》,2019(4):82-84。
              4夏振彬:《外卖配送监管需要“霹雳手段”》,《中国食品安全报》,2015-04-21(A02)。
              5宋亚辉:《食品安全风险的规制体制设计》,《学术研究》,2018(9):53-60。
              6王晨光:《食品安全法治及其具体制度和机制建构》,《南海法学》,2018,2(5):1-10。
              7谭洁:《美国〈吹哨人保护法案〉对我国食品安全监管的启示》,《广西社会科学》,2015(1):114-118。
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              9程信和、董晓佳:《网络餐饮平台法律监管的困境及其治理》,《华南师范大学学报(社会科学版)》,2017(3):118-122,191。

              梁晨.网络餐饮食品安全风险规制的理念塑造与制度完善[J].中国市场监管研究,2019(11):43-48.
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