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                                    学术堂专业论文学习平台您当前的位置:学术堂 > 教师论文 > 数学教学论文 > 初中数学论文

                                    数学教学中如何培养初中生的逻辑思维

                                    时间:2018-12-05 来源:学周刊 作者:何珍 本文字数:2006字

                                      摘    要: 培养学生的逻辑思维能力,有助于学生正确并迅速地进行数学运算,有助于增强学生对于几何知识的有效理解和认知,切实提高学生学以致用的能力。在新课改背景下,初中数学教师应当树立以学生为中心的教学理念,培养学生的逻辑思维能力,引导学生积极踊跃地参与课堂学习活动。文章简要分析初中数学教学中如何培养学生的逻辑思维能力,并提出具体的培育策略。

                                      关键词: 星云棋牌官网下载初中数学; 逻辑思维能力; 培养;

                                      SHUXUESHIDANGQIANCHUZHONGJIAOYUZHONGJIWEIZHONGYAODENEIRONG,SHUXUEJIAOXUEYOUZHUYUPEIYANGXUESHENGDESIWEINENGLI。ZAIXINKECHENGGAIGEBEIJINGXIA,PEIYANGXUESHENGSHUXUESIWEINENGLICHENGWEISHUXUEJIAOXUEZHONGDEZHONGDIANNEIRONG。SUOYI,ZAIJIAOXUEGUOCHENGZHONG,SHUXUEJIAOSHIYINGDANGCAIYONGDUOYUANHUADEJIAOXUEFANGSHI,GENJUXUESHENGJIANDEGETICHAYI,TONGGUOYOUXIAODEYINDAOYUBANGZHU,JIFAXUESHENGDEXUEXIXINGQUHEDUIZHISHIDETANJIUYUWANG,YIBIANXUESHENGNENGGOUGENGHAODIJINXINGZHISHITANJIU,QIESHITIGAOXUESHENGDELUOJISIWEISHUIPING。

                                      一、培养学生逻辑思维能力的重要意义

                                      XUESHENGDELUOJISIWEINENGLINENGGOUJUEDINGXUESHENGDEXUEXICHENGJISHENZHISHIRENSHENGGAODU。ZAISHUXUEXUEXIGUOCHENGZHONG,LUOJISIWEINENGLISHIXUESHENGSHUXUEXUEXIDEZHONGYAOJICHU,YOUZHUYUXUESHENGJINXINGZHISHIZONGJIEYUTANJIU。PEIYUXUESHENGDESHUXUESIWEINENGLI,SHISHUXUEJIAOXUEZHONGDEZHONGNANDIAN。MEIYIGEBANJIZHONG,XUESHENGDENENGLISHUIPINGCANCHABUQI,YOUDEXUESHENGXUEXINENGLIJIAOQIANG,NENGGOUYOUXIAOLIJIEBINGXISHOUNEIHUAKETANGSHANGSUOXUEXIDEZHISHIDIAN,DANYOUDEXUESHENGXUEXINENGLIJIAORUO,YUDAOWENTIXUYAOHUAFEIJIAODUODESHIJIANLAISIKAOJIEJUE。PEIYANGXUESHENGDELUOJISIWEINENGLI,YOUZHUYUXUESHENGKUAISUGAOXIAODIJIEJUEWENTI,JINYIBUQIANGHUADUISHUXUEZHISHIDEYOUXIAOLIJIEHERENZHI,CONGERZUODAODUISUOXUEDESHUXUEZHISHIXUEYIZHIYONG。

                                      二、关于初中数学教学中逻辑思维能力的培养策略

                                      (一)选用创新型教学方式,提高学生数学学习兴趣

                                      AIYINSITANSHUOGUO,“XINGQUSHIZUIHAODELAOSHI”。ZAICHUANTONGDESHUXUEJIAOXUEGUOCHENGZHONG,DABUFENJIAOSHIHUIXUANYONGLILUNJIANGSHUSHIJIAOXUEMOSHI,HUOZHESHICAIYONGTIHAIZHANSHUJINXINGFANFULIANXI,JIUERJIUZHIXUESHENGNANMIANHUIGANJUESUOXUEDENEIRONGKUZAOFAWEI,YENANYIYOUXIAOSIKAOHETANJIU。ZAIJIAOXUEZHONG,JIAOSHIYINGDANGGENJUSUZHIJIAOYUYAOQIU,JINYIBUCHUANGXINKETANGJIAOXUEMOSHI,CHONGFENFAHUIZISHENDEYINDAOZHEYUZUZHIZHEDEJIAOSEZUOYONG,ZAIJIAOXUEGUOCHENGZHONGNENGGOUXUANYONGDUOYUANHUADEJIAOXUEMOSHI,CHUANGSHEQINGSONGHELIDEJIAOXUEQINGJING,JIANGXUESHENGYINRUJIAOXUEZHONG,JIFAXUESHENGTIYANSHUXUEXUEXIDEXINGQU,JINYIBUJIAQIANGDUISHUXUEZHISHIDEYOUXIAOLIJIEHEXIHUA。DUOYUANHUAJIAOXUE,NENGGOUSHIXUESHENGZAIYUDAOXIANGGUANWENTISHI,TONGGUOLIANXIANGDANGSHIJIETISHIJIAOSHISHEZHIDESHUXUEQINGJINGHUOZHESHIXUESHENGZIZHUSHEZHIDEQINGJING,YOUXIAOJIEJUEWENTI,JINYIBUTIGAOLEXUESHENGDEXUEXISIWEINENGLI。LINGWAI,ZAIJIAOXUEZHONGCAIYONGYOUXIHUAJIAOXUEMOSHI,BUJINNENGGOUHUOYUEKETANGFENWEI,YENENGGOUTIGAOXUESHENGDESHUXUEZHISHIYINGYONGNENGLI。KAIZHANSHUXUEYOUXISHIXUESHENGJIWEIXIAIDEYIZHONGJIAOXUEFANGSHI,NENGGOUSHIXUESHENGGANSHOUDAOQINGSONGYUYUEDEFENWEI,BUZHIBUJUEZHONGDUANLIANLEXUESHENGDESIWEINENGLI。SUOYI,JIAOSHIYAOQUEBAOSHUXUEYOUXIJIYOUQUWEIXING,YENENGGOUTIXIANJIAOXUENEIRONGDEZHONGDIAN,TONGGUOYOUXIYUJIAOXUENEIRONGYOUXIAODEJIEHE,SHIXUESHENGZAIYOUXIDEGUOCHENGZHONGTIGAOGAOJIESIWEINENGLI。

                                      (二)鼓励学生多角度质疑,着重加强师生互动交流

                                      “学而不思则罔,思而不学则殆”,学习与思考紧密相关,思考源于质疑。在课程改革背景下,教师应当关注并培养学生发现问题、提出问题的能力,切实提高学生对数学知识的探究欲望。所以在教学过程中,教师应当有针对性地设计一些启发性问题,引导学生参与质疑解惑的练习,鼓励学生从多角度分析问题,有助于加强对数学知识的有效应用和灵活变通,切实做到举一反三。也可以以小组的形式进行知识探讨,使学生在交流探讨中碰撞出思维创新的火花。
                                     

                                    数学教学中如何培养初中生的逻辑思维
                                     

                                      (三)教师引导学生自主学习,培育学生独特思维方式

                                      ZIZHUXUEXISHIXUESHENGYINGYONGYIJINGXUEXIDESHUXUEZHISHI,WANCHENGJIDINGDEXUEXIMUBIAO,DUIXUEXINEIRONGJIFANGFAYOUZHEDUTEDEFANYINGHEYISHI。ZAIXINKECHENGGAIGEBEIJINGXIA,JIAOSHIYAOBIMIANYIZIWOWEIZHONGXIN,YAOZHENZHENGZHONGSHIXUESHENGDEKETANGZHUTIDIWEI,PEIYANGXUESHENGDESIWEIRENZHINENGLI,JIFAXUESHENGSHUXUEXUEXIDEXINGQU。JIAOSHIYINGDANGWAJUEJIAOCAIZHONGXUESHENGNANYIFAXIANDEZHISHIDIAN,YINDAOXUESHENGZHUBUJINXINGZHISHITANJIU,SHIXUESHENGNENGGOUYOUXIAOYINGYONGZIZHUTANJIUFANGSHIJINXINGXUEXI,QIESHIPEIYANGXUESHENGDEDUTESIWEI。LIRUXUEXI“GOUGUDINGLI”XIANGGUANNEIRONGSHI,YOUYUZHEIBUFENNEIRONGLILUNXINGJIAOQIANG,XUESHENGZAIXUEXIGUOCHENGZHONGRUGUOCAIYONGDUZIXUEXIDEFANGSHI,NANMIANHUIYINGXIANGXUEXIXIAOLV。DUIYUCILEIQINGKUANG,JIAOSHIYINGDANGYINDAOXUESHENGXIANJINXINGDULISIKAO,RANHOUYIXIAOZUDEXINGSHIJINXINGHEZUOTANTAO。TONGGUOHELIFENGONG,RANGXUESHENGDUIGOUGUDINGLIDEGAINIANYUXIANGGUANZHISHIDIANJINXINGSHENRUTANJIU,RANHOUZAIJIAOSHIDEYINDAOXIAJIEDAXIANGYINGLITI,KEYIQIESHITIGAOXUESHENGDESIWEIRENZHISHUIPING。

                                      ZONGSHANGSUOSHU,ZAIXINKECHENGGAIGEBEIJINGXIAKAIZHANCHUZHONGSHUXUEJIAOXUE,JIAOSHIYINGDANGGENJUXUESHENGDERENZHIGUILVJINXINGYOUXIAOYINDAOHEBANGZHU,TONGGUOCHUANGXINKETANGJIAOXUEFANGSHIZHUBUTIGAOXUESHENGDESHUXUEXUEXIXINGQU。JIAOSHIYEYINGDANGCHONGFENFAHUIZISHENDEDAITOUYUZUZHIZUOYONG,GULIXUESHENGDUOJIAODUSIKAOHEZHIYI,JINYIBUJIAQIANGSHISHENGZHIJIANDEHUDONGJIAOLIU。TONGSHIYINGDANGJIANGKETANGDEZHUDONGQUANZHENZHENGDIJIAOHAIJIXUESHENG,YINDAOXUESHENGZIZHUXUEXI,PEIYANGXUESHENGDUTEDESIWEIFANGSHI,YOUZHUYUXUESHENGDEDUOYANGHUAFAZHAN,JINYIBUTIGAOSHUXUEJIAOXUEDEZHILIANGYUXIAOLV。

                                      参考文献

                                      [1]陈伟斌.试论初中数学教学中如何培养学生的数学思维能力[J].学周刊,2018(10).
                                      [2]王焱.初中数学教学中培养学生逻辑思维能力的对策分析[J].中华少年,2016(27).
                                    星云棋牌官网下载   [3]刘金.基于培养学生逻辑思维能力的初中数学教学对策探索[J].新课程(中学),2016(8).

                                      何珍.关于初中数学教学中逻辑思维能力的培养研究[J].学周刊,2019(35):41.
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