星云棋牌官网下载

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                        学术堂专业论文学习平台您当前的位置:学术堂 > 教师论文 > 数学教学论文 > 初中数学论文

                        在初中数学课堂应用生活化教学的意义与途径

                        时间:2019-03-20 来源:名师在线 作者:吕三喜 本文字数:3747字

                          摘    要: 星云棋牌官网下载数学是一门逻辑性和抽象性都较强的学科,对学生的逻辑思维能力要求较高。要想提高数学教学的效率,教师需要建立知识教学与应用的联系,采用生活化的教学方式。文章分析了初中数学课堂教学存在的问题,阐述了生活化教学在初中数学教学中应用的意义和策略,以供参考。

                          关键词:星云棋牌官网下载 生活化教学; 初中数学教学; 教学策略;

                          引言

                          ZHISHIYUANYUSHENGHUO,YEFUWUYUSHENGHUO。YINCI,ZAISHUXUEJIAOXUEZHONG,JIAOSHIKEYIYUNYONGSHENGHUOHUADEJIAOXUEMOSHILAIJIFAXUESHENGDEXUEXIXINGQU,TIGAOXUESHENGDESIWEINENGLI,QIANGHUAXUESHENGDEXUEXINENGLI,JINERTIGAOSHUXUEJIAOXUEZHILIANG。ZAIZHEIYIGUOCHENGZHONG,JIAOSHIYAOZHUYIZHAOHAOKETANGHESHENGHUODEJIEHEDIANHEPINGHENGDIAN,RANGXUESHENGZAIGANSHOUDAOSHUXUEZHISHIMEILIDETONGSHI,ZHENZHENGJIANGSUOXUEDEZHISHIYUNYONGDAOSHIJIANZHONG,JINERTIGAOZONGHENENGLI。

                          一、初中数学课堂教学存在的问题

                          SHUXUESHICHUZHONGJIEDUANDEYIMENJICHUXINGKECHENG,ZHANGWOSHUXUEZHISHI、QIANGHUASHUXUENENGLI、XINGCHENGSHUXUEHEXINSUYANGDUICHUZHONGSHENGDEXUEXIHESHENGHUOJUYOUZHONGYAODEYIYI。YINCI,ZAIJIAOXUEGAIGEDEGUOCHENGZHONG,CHUANGXINKETANGJIAOXUE、TIGAOJIAOXUEZHILIANGCHENGWEICHUZHONGSHUXUEJIAOSHIYANTAODEZHUYAOFANGXIANG。DANSHI,JIBIANZAIJIAOXUEGAIGEDEGUOCHENGZHONG,SHUXUEDEJIAOXUEKETANGSHANGRENGRANCUNZAIZHEYIXIEJIAOWEIMINGXIANDEWENTI,ERWENTIDEJIAODIANZHUYAOZAIYUJIAOSHIDUIDAIXINJIAOXUELINIANDETAIDUHEFANGSHISHANG。

                          SHIJISHANG,DANGQIANDEDABUFENSHUXUEJIAOSHIZAIZHEIYIWENTISHANGDOUCUNZAIBIJIAOMINGXIANDEQINGXIANG,YAOMEJIANCHICHUANTONG,DUIXINDEJIAOXUELINIANWANQUANPAICHI;YAOMEDUIXINDELINIANHEFANGSHIWANQUANJIESHOU,BUJIAZHENBIEHEBIANHUA。ZAICHUZHONGSHUXUEKETANGSHANG,JIAOSHIYIWEIDIJIANCHICHUANTONG,BUJINHUISHIKETANGQUEFAQUWEIXING,HAIHUIRANGXUESHENGZAIKETANGXUEXISHISHIQUZHUDONGXING。ERZAIBEIDONGDEXUEXIZHUANGTAIXIA,XUESHENGDEXUEXIXIAOLVZIRANBUHUITAIGAO,KETANGJIAOXUEDEXIAOGUOYEBUHUITAIHAO。FANZHI,RUGUOJIAOSHIDUIXINDEJIAOXUELINIANWANQUANJIESHOU,YEHUICHANSHENGYIDINGDEWENTI。YIFANGMIAN,BUTONGDEXUEKEDOUYOUGEZIBUTONGDEJIAOXUEFANGSHI,JIANDANZHAOBANXINDEJIAOXUEMOSHIERBUKAOLVSHUXUEXUEKEDETESE,KETANGDEJIAOXUECHENGGUOYEBUHUILINGJIAOSHIMANYI;LINGYIFANGMIAN,RUGUOJIAOSHIDEKETANGJIAOXUEBUNENGCHONGFENKAOLVBANJINEIXUESHENGDEJIBENQINGKUANG,ZAISHEJIJIAOXUEFANGANSHIZHIKAOLVJIAOXUEMOSHIHENEIRONG,NEIMEJISHICAIYONGLEXINDEJIAOXUELINIANHESHOUDUAN,YEWUFATIGAOJIAOXUEXIAOLV。YINCI,YAOXIANGTIGAOCHUZHONGSHUXUEKETANGJIAOXUEDEZHILIANGHEXIAOLV,JIAOSHIBIXUBAWOHAOCHUANTONGYUCHUANGXINZHIJIANDEPINGHENG,ZAIZUNZHONGXUESHENGZHUTIDIWEI、FAHUIXUESHENGXUEXIZHUDONGXINGDEZHONGXINSIXIANGXIA,JINXINGKETANGJIAOXUEDEWANSHANHECHUANGXIN。

                          二、生活化教学在初中数学教学中应用的意义

                          从本质上看,数学是一门实用性很强的学科,也就是说,学习数学知识的目的就在于最终的运用,从而为生活提供便利。从这一点上而言,将数学教学生活化是基于数学学科本质而言的,是从数学教学的根本目标出发的一种教学理念和方式。因此,生活化教学在初中数学教学中的运用有着十分重要的意义。首先,从最基本的方面来看,生活化的数学教学对激发学生的学习兴趣、提高学生学习的主动性和积极性有很大的帮助。对于大部分的初中学生来说,其不喜欢数学学科的主要原因就在于数学的抽象思维有一定的难度。学生在学习数学的过程中会遭遇较多的困难和挫折,进而产生畏难心理,甚至逃避数学的学习。而生活化的数学教学,一方面将抽象、复杂的数学知识与熟悉的日常生活场景建立了联系,在一定程度上降低了学生的心理压力,同时也适当降低了学习和理解数学知识的难度,为课堂教学增强了趣味性。这样一来,学生自然会对数学知识和数学课堂产生更大的兴趣,进而主动参与到数学的学习中,提高学习效率。另一方面,生活化的数学教学能够培养学生对数学知识的实际运用能力。数学学科的产生、发展都源于日常生活的需要,因此,学习数学的意义,归根结底还在于用数学知识来解决实际的问题。生活化教学的目的就在于将教学与运用相互融合,让学生在理解知识的同时体会其实际的应用,在运用的过程中加深对知识的理解。从这两个方面综合来看,生活化教学对初中数学的教学意义重大,需要教师重点关注并研究具体的应用途径[1]。
                         

                        在初中数学课堂应用生活化教学的意义与途径
                         

                          三、生活化教学在初中数学教学中应用的途径

                          (一)结合生活实际创设教学情境

                        星云棋牌官网下载   SHIXIANJIAOXUEZIYUANDESHENGHUOHUA,ZHUYAOSHIZHIJIAOSHIXIANJILEISHENGHUOHUADEJIAOXUESUCAI,RANHOUZAISHEJIJIAOXUEHUODONGDEGUOCHENGZHONG,JIANGXIANGYINGDESHUXUEZHISHIYUSHENGHUOHUADEJIAOXUESUCAIXIANGLIANXI。ZAISHIJIDEKETANGJIAOXUEZHONG,JIAOSHIKEYIYONGSHENGHUOHUADEJIAOXUESUCAILAIYINDAOXUESHENGRONGRUKETANGXUEXIDEFENWEIZHONG,BINGQIEJIANGZHISHIDELIJIEHEYUNYONGRONGWEIYITI,SHIXIANXUESHENGCONGYUNYONGCHUFA,ZAILIJIEZHISHI,ZUIHOUHUIGUIYINGYONGDEYIGEGUOCHENG。CONGJIAOXUEFANGSHISHANGLAISHUO,JIUSHIYAOQIUJIAOSHIKAIZHANQINGJINGSHIDEJIAOXUE。

                        星云棋牌官网下载   JIAOSHISHEJIQINGJINGDEQIANTISHIDUISHENGHUOHUAJIAOXUESUCAIDEJILEI。ZAISHIJIJIAOXUEGUOCHENGZHONG,JIAOSHIKEGENJUJIAOXUENEIRONGXUANZESUCAI,BINGJIANGZHEIYISUCAIZHUANHUAWEIJUTIDE、SHENGHUOZHONGCHANGJIANDEQINGJING,YICILAIXIYINXUESHENGDEZHUYILI,BINGQIERANGXUESHENGZHANKAITAOLUNYUXUEXI,ZHEIDUIJIASHENXUESHENGLIJIECHOUXIANGHUADEZHISHIJITIGAOXUEXIXIAOLVYOUZHEHENDADEBANGZHU。YI“HUZHANGYUSHANXINGDEMIANJIJISUAN”ZHEIYIZHANGJIEDEJIAOXUEWEILI。ZAIDANGQIANDECHUZHONGSHUXUEJIAOXUEZHONG,ZHEIYIBUFENDEZHISHISHIJISHANGSHIXUESHENGXUEXIDENANDIANZHIYI。QINANDUBINGBUZAIYUZHISHIDIANDENANYILIJIEHUOZHEJIYI,ERSHIZAIYUDUICHOUXIANGHUATUXINGDEXIANGXIANGNENGLI,YIJIJIANGSHENGHUOZHONGJUTIDECHANGJINGCHOUXIANGWEISHUXUEJIETIGUOCHENGDENENGLI。ZAIJIAOXUEZHEIYIZHANGNEIRONGSHI,JIAOSHIWANGWANGBINGBUSHIJIANDANDIJICHUTUXINGRANHOURANGXUESHENGJINXINGJISUAN,ERSHIJIANGJISUANMIANJIDEFANGSHIJUTIHUADAOSHENGHUOZHONG,TIXIANZAIHUATANDEMIANJI、GUANGCHANGZHONGSHUDENGQINGJINGZHONG。DABUFENXUESHENGZAIMIANDUIZHEIXIEWENTISHI,DOUWUFAXUNSUDIJIANLIQICHANGJINGYUSHUXUEYUANLIZHIJIANDELIANXI。SUOYI,JIAOSHIJIUKEYIJIANGZHEIZHONGSHENGHUOHUADECHANGJINGYUNYONGYUJIAOXUEZHONG,ZAIKEQIANDAORUDEHUANJIEZHONGWEIXUESHENGCHUANGSHEYIGEJUTIDEQINGJING,BINGQIETICHUXIANGYINGDEWENTI。WEILERANGXUESHENGYOUGENGZHIGUANDECANYUGANHETIYANGAN,JIAOSHIHAIKEYILIYONGDUOMEITIJISHUJINXINGQINGJINGZHONGXIAN,YITUPIANHUOZHESHIPINDEXINGSHIJINXINGZHANXIAN。ZAIZHEIYANGDEQINGJINGXIA,JIAOSHIZAIYONGTIWENHUOZHETANLUNHUDONGDEFANGSHILAIYINDAOXUESHENGJINXINGSIWEIFANGSHIDEZHUANHUAN,JINERBANGZHUXUESHENGZHUBUJIANLISHUXUEZHISHIYUSHIJISHENGHUOZHIJIANDELIANXI。ZHEIYANGXUESHENGBUJINNENGGOUTIGAOZIJIJIEJUEZHEILEIXINGWENTIDENENGLI,HAINENGGOUZHUBUYANGCHENGLIANXISHENGHUODEXIGUAN,JINERZHENZHENGTIGAOZHISHILIJIENENGLIHESHUXUEYINGYONGNENGLI[2]。

                          (二)参考真实问题组织实践拓展活动

                        星云棋牌官网下载   YAOSHIXIANSHENGHUOHUAJIAOXUEZAISHUXUEJIAOXUESHIJIANZHONGDEYINGYONG,JIAOSHICHULEKEYIJIEZHUQINGJINGCHUANGSHEDEJIAOXUEFANGSHIWAI,HAIKEYICONGKETANGJIAOXUEHUODONGSHEJIZHESHOU。KETANGSHANGDEJIAOXUEHUODONG,BUJINSHIJIAOSHITIGAOXUESHENGZHUANZHUDU、JIFAXUESHENGXUEXIZHUDONGXINGDEGUANJIAN,YESHIPEIYANGXUESHENGSHUXUESIWEINENGLIDEZHONGYAOTUJING。YINCI,ZAICHUZHONGSHUXUEKETANGSHANG,JIAOSHIKEYIJIEHEMEIJIEKEDESHIJIJIAOXUENEIRONGSHEJIJIAOXUEHUODONG,ZAISHEJIHUODONGDENEIRONGHEXINGSHISHI,ZEKEYICANKAORICHANGSHENGHUOZHONGCUNZAIDEZHENSHIWENTIHEZHENSHIANLI。ZAIJUTIDEHUODONGXINGSHISHANG,JIAOSHIKEYIXIANGXUESHENGTICHUWENTI,RANHOURANGXUESHENGTONGGUOTAOLUNLAIDECHUJIEJUEDEFANGAN,YEKEYISHEJIXUYAOXUESHENGQINZIDONGSHOUCAOZUOHESHIJIANDENGJIAOXUEHUODONG。ZAIJUTIXINGSHIDEXUANZESHANG,JIAOSHIYAOGENJUZHISHINEIRONGHETEZHENGLAIJINXING。

                        星云棋牌官网下载   LIRU,ZAIJIAOXUE“ERCIHANSHUJIQITUXIANG”ZHEIYIZHANGJIEDENEIRONGSHI,JIAOSHIZAIJIANDANDEZHISHIJIANGJIEHUANJIEJIESHUZHIHOU,KEYIGENJUERCIHANSHUDEZHISHITEDIANJIQISHIJIYINGYONGDEQINGJINGLAISHEJIFANGANSHIDEKETANGHUODONG。JUTILAISHUO,JIUSHIJIAOSHIGENJUERCIHANSHUJIEXISHIDEXINGSHITEZHENGJIHANSHUTUXIANGLAITICHUSHENGHUOZHONGCHANGJIANDEYIXIEWENTI,RUQIYEYOUYUSHICHANGDEXUYAOJIXUGOUMAILIANGZHONGBUTONGDESHANGPIN,YAOQIUXUESHENGZAIFENXILIRUN、CHENGBENDENGWENTIDEJICHUSHANGJICHUZUIYOUDEGOUMAIFANGAN。XUESHENGZAISHEJIGOUMAIFANGANDEGUOCHENGZHONG,BUJINXUYAOCANKAOERCIHANSHUDEXIANGGUANZHISHI,HAIXUYAOKAOLVYIXIESHIJIDEYINSU。ZAIJINXINGFANGANZHANSHIZHIHOU,JIAOSHIHAIKEYIYINDAOXUESHENGFASANSIWEI,SIKAOLEISIDESHENGHUOWENTI,BINGQIETANTAOJIEJUEDEFANGFA。ZAICANYUZHEIYANGDEJIAOXUEHUODONGSHI,XUESHENGBUJINDUISHUXUEZHISHIYOULEGENGJIASHENKEDELIJIE,HAINENGGOURENSHIDAOZHEIXIEZHISHIKEYIYUNYONGDAOSHENGHUOZHONGDENAXIEFANGMIAN,JINERTIGAOYUNYONGSHUXUEZHISHIJIEJUESHIJISHENGHUOWENTIDENENGLI。

                          (三)联系日常生活设计开放式练习题

                        星云棋牌官网下载   SUIRANSUZHIJIAOYUDELINIANYIJINGSHENRUJIAOYUJIAOXUEDEGEGELINGYU,BEIYINGYONGDAOGEGEXUEKEDEJIAOXUEZHIZHONG,DANSHIKAOSHIRENGRANSHIDUIXUESHENGJINXINGKAOHEDEZHUYAOTUJINGZHIYI。YINCI,WANCHENGLIANXITIYESHIXUESHENGRICHANGXUEXISHENGHUOZHONGBUKEBIMIANDEYIGEHUANJIE。ZAICHUANTONGDESHUXUEJIAOXUEZHONG,JIAOSHIZAISHEJIHEBUZHILIANXITISHIDADUOCANKAOKAOSHITIMUDEXINGSHI,YIJISUANWEIZHUYAOGUOCHENG,BINGQIEYOUQUEQIEDEDAAN。ZHEIYANGDEKEHOULIANXITI,BUJINWUFASHIXIANQUANMIANPEIYANGXUESHENGSUZHI、QIANGHUAXUESHENGNENGLIDEMUBIAO,HAIHUISHIYIBUFENXUESHENGYANGCHENGYILAIDAANDEXIGUAN,CONGERXIANZHILEXUESHENGSIWEIDETUOZHAN。ERJIANGSHUXUEJIAOXUESHENGHUOHUADETUJINGZHIYIJIUSHIZAISHEJILIANXITIMUSHI,JIEHERICHANGSHENGHUOZHONGDECHANGJING,JIANGCHOUXIANGDESHUXUETIMUJUXIANGHUAWEISHIJIDEWENTI。WEILEPEIHEZHEIYANGDEYIGELINIAN,JIAOSHIJIUBIXUCAIQUKAIFANGSHIDETIMUXINGSHI。YINWEIZAIRICHANGSHENGHUOZHONG,DABUFENWENTIYOUYUSHOUDAOGEZHONGYINSUDEYINGXIANGHUICHUXIANBUTONGDEJIEGUO,YINCI,YIBANLAISHUOMEIYOUYIGEQUEDINGDEDAAN。KAIFANGSHIDESHUXUELIANXITIJIUSHIZHIJIAOSHIJICHUXIANSHIDETIMU,YAOQIUXUESHENGZAIZONGHEKAOLVGEFANGMIANYINSUZHIHOUZHAOCHUDAAN,BINGQIEZAIKETANGSHANGJIANGZIJIDEDAANJINXINGZHANSHIHEJIANGJIE。ZAIXUESHENGZHANSHIDEGUOCHENGZHONG,JIAOSHIKEYIZHENDUIXUESHENGDAANZHONGTESHUDEYINSUJINXINGTIWEN,ZAIXUESHENGJIEDADEGUOCHENGZHONG,DUIXUESHENGDESIKAOFANGSHIHESIWEIGUOCHENGJINXINGPINGJIA,PANDUANQISHIFOUHELI、SHIFOUZHENGQUE。ZAIXUESHENGWANCHENGJIANGJIEZHIHOU,JIAOSHIHAIKEYIDUIXUESHENGDEDAANJINXINGZONGJIE,RANHOUYINDAOBANJINEIDEXUESHENGJINXINGSIKAOHETAOLUN,XUNQIUZUIJIADEJIEJUEFANGAN。TONGGUOZHEIYANGDEKEHOULIANXITI,XUESHENGBUJINNENGGOUXUNLIANZIJIDEFASANSIWEI,PEIYANGZIJIDECHUANGXINYISHI,HAINENGGOUJIASHENDUISHUXUEZHISHIHERICHANGSHENGHUODELIJIE,YANGCHENGYONGSHUXUESIWEIKANDAISHENGHUO、JIEJUESHENGHUOZHONGSUOYUDAODEWENTIDEXIGUAN。

                          结语

                          ZONGSHANGSUOSHU,ZAISUZHIJIAOYUHUANJINGXIA,CHUZHONGSHUXUEJIAOXUEBUJINYAOQIANGDIAOXUESHENGDUIZHISHINEIRONGDELIJIEHEZHANGWO,HAIYAOGUANZHUDUIXUESHENGHEXINSUYANGYUZONGHENENGLIDEPEIYANG。YINCI,ZAICHUZHONGSHUXUEJIAOXUEZHONGYINGYONGSHENGHUOHUAJIAOXUESHIZAIBIXING。ZAISHIJIJIAOXUEZHONG,JIAOSHIYINGGENJUJIAOXUENEIRONG,SHEJISHENGHUOHUADEJIAOXUEQINGJING,BUDUANTISHENGXUESHENGYUNYONGSHUXUEZHISHIJIEJUESHIJIWENTIDENENGLI。

                          参考文献

                          [1] 闫方.生活化教学模式在初中数学教学中的应用[J].中学教学参考,2015(9):23.
                        星云棋牌官网下载   [2] 王东明.生活化教学在初中数学教学中的应用[J].考试周刊,2017(12):82.

                          吕三喜.生活化教学在初中数学教学中的应用[J].名师在线,2020(09):71-72.
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