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                            人口学下的中学生锻炼态度的影响因素分析

                            时间:2017-12-29 来源:技资讯 作者:陈军,马爱民 本文字数:3122字

                              ZHAIYAO:WEILELEJIEZHONGXUESHENGDUANLIANTAIDUDEXIANZHUANGJIPEIYANGZHONGXUESHENGLIANGHAODUANLIANXIGUANDEYANGCHENG。CAIYONG《QINGSHAONIANDUANLIANTAIDULIANGBIAO》HEZIZHIRENKOUXUEWENJUANDUI1240MINGZHONGXUESHENGJINXINGDIAOCHA。JIEGUOBIAOMING:ZHONGXUESHENGDUANLIANTAIDUJUNFENCUNZAIXINGBIECHAYI, NANSHENGHAOYUNVSHENG;FUMUJIAOYUFANGSHIWEISHANGTAOXINGHEHUSHIXINGDEZHONGXUESHENGDUANLIANTAIDUJUNFENYAOMINGXIANYOUYUGANSHEXINGHENIAIXINGJIAOYUFANGSHIDEDUANLIANTAIDUJUNFEN;BMIZHISHUWEIZHENGCHANGTIZHONGDEZHONGXUESHENGDUANLIANTAIDUJUNFENYAOMINGXIANGAOYUDITIZHONG、CHAOZHONGHEFEIPANGZHONGXUESHENGDUANLIANTAIDUJUNFEN。ZHONGXUESHENGBMIZHISHU、FUMUJIAOYUFANGSHIHEXINGBIEDUIQIDUANLIANTAIDUJUYOUYIDINGDEYINGXIANGZUOYONG。

                            星云棋牌官网下载   GUANJIANCI:ZHONGXUESHENG; DUANLIANTAIDU; RENKOUXUE; YINGXIANGYINSU;

                            人口学

                            星云棋牌官网下载   DUANLIANTAIDUSHIZHIGETIDUITIYUDUANLIANDEYIZHONGXIANGDUIWENDING、CHIJIUDERENSHI、QINGGANHEXINGWEIQINGXIANG。TASHIGETIZAIZHANGQISHEHUIHUANJINGYINGXIANGXIA, CONGYIDINGDEZHIJIEJINGYANHEJIANJIEJINGYANZHONGXIDEDE, YESHITIYUHUODONGDONGLIDIAOJIEXITONGDEZHONGYAOXINLICHENGFEN[1]。YANJIUBIAOMING:DUANLIANTAIDUXINGCHENGZHIHOUHUIDUIGETIDETIYUDUANLIANXINGWEIJIQIXIAOGUOCHANSHENGZHONGYAODEYINGXIANG[2]。ZHONGXUEJIEDUANSHIPEIYANGXUESHENGLIANGHAODEDUANLIANXIGUANDEZHONGYAOSHIQI, GENGSHIDANGQIANWOGUOXUEXIAOTIYUDEZHUYAOMUBIAO。ZHONGXUESHENGDEDUANLIANTAIDUDAIBIAOLEGERENDUITIYUHUODONGDELIJIEHEPINGJIA。YOUDIAOCHAXIANSHI:MUQIANXUDUOZHONGXUESHENGDUITIYUDUANLIANDERENZHICHUYUGANXINGRENSHIJIEDUAN, DUIYUTIYUYUNDONGYUANLI、TIYUJINGSHEN、YUNDONGFANGSHIYIJITIYUJIAZHIDENGFANGMIANDERENZHICUNZAICUOWUHEPIANCHA[3], ZHEIJIUSHIDEXUESHENGDUITIYUDUANLIANDEXUQIUSUICHENGXIANDUOYANGHUAHEZIZHUHUAQUSHI, DANTIYUDUANLIANDEZHUDONGXINGHEJIJIXINGQUEBUGAO[4], SHENZHIYOUXIEXUESHENGDUIXUEXIAOTIYUDEJIAOXUENEIRONGHEXINGSHICHANSHENGYANEXINLI, BIRU“LIANXIBUSHUFU、MEIYOUYUNDONGXIANGMUDEXUANZEJIHUI、HUANYIFUBUFANGBIAN、YUNDONGHOUSHENSHANGYOUZANGYOUSHIDENG”[5]。ZHANGCIYIWANGHUIDAOZHIZHONGXUESHENGDUANLIANXINGWEIJIANSHAO, JINERCHANSHENGZHURUCHAOZHONGFEIPANG、JIUZUOZHILEIDEJIANKANGWENTI。YINCI, DUIDANGQIANZHONGXUESHENGDUANLIANTAIDUXIANZHUANGJINXINGSHENRUFENXI, TANXUNZHONGXUESHENGDUANLIANTAIDUDEYINGXIANGYINSU, DUIPEIYANGZHONGXUESHENGLIANGHAODEDUANLIANXIGUANJUYOUYIDINGDEXIANSHIYIYI。

                              1 研究对象与方法

                              1.1 YANJIUDUIXIANG

                            星云棋牌官网下载   CAIYONGFANGBIANCHOUYANGFACONGNANTONGDIYIZHONGXUE、TIANJIABINGZHONGXUE、YUELONGZHONGXUE、QIXIUZHONGXUEHENANTONGDAXUEFUSHUZHONGXUEDE5SUOXUEXIAOCHOUQU30GEXINGZHENGBANJIJINXINGWENJUANDIAOCHA。DIAOCHAWENJUANYOUTIYUJIAOSHIHEXINLIFUDAOYUANTONGYIZHIDAOYONGYUHOUGONGTONGFAFANGHEHUISHOU。TICHUWENJUANTIANXIEBUFUHEYAOQIUDE132REN, ZUIZHONGHEGEYANGBEN1240REN, QIZHONGNANSHENG717REN, NVSHENG523REN;CHUZHONG699REN, GAOZHONG541REN;NIANLING12~19SUI, PINGJUNNIANLING (14.96±1.63) SUI。

                              1.2 DIAOCHAGONGJU

                              1.2.1 ZIZHIRENKOUXUEWENJUAN

                              GONG15GETIAOMU, CONGXINGBIE、NIANLING、XUEDUAN、NIANJI、SHIFOUWEIDUSHENGZINV、SHENGAO、TIZHONG、JINQIBANJIXUEXIFENWEI、JIATINGCHENGYUAN、FUMUJIAOYUFANGSHIDENGFANGMIANDUIZHONGXUESHENGJIBENQINGKUANGJINXINGDIAOCHA。

                              1.2.2 QINGSHAONIANDUANLIANTAIDUWENJUAN

                              YOUGUONEIXUEZHEMAORONGJIANBIANZHIBINGYONGYICELIANGQINGSHAONIANXUESHENGDEDUANLIANTAIDU[6], GONG70GETIAOMU, 8GEFENLIANGBIAOFENBIEWEI:XINGWEIXIGUAN (10GE) 、MUBIAOTAIDU (12GE) 、XINGWEIRENZHI (7GE) 、QINGGANTIYAN (10GE) 、ZHUGUANBIAOZHUN (7GE) 、XINGWEIKONGZHI (8GE) 、XINGWEITAIDU (8GE) 、XINGWEIYIXIANG (8GE) , CAIYONGLIKETE1~4JIJIFENFA, LEIJIMEIGEWEIDUDUIYINGTIAOMUDEZONGDEFENYUEGAO, SHUOMINGGAIXIANGZHIBIAOXIAOGUOYUEHAO。BENYANJIUZHONGGAIWENJUANDEKELONGBAHEXISHUWEI0.796, SHUOMINGWENJUANDENEIBUYIZHIXINGXINDULIANGHAO。

                              1.3 TONGJIFANGFA

                            星云棋牌官网下载   SHIYONGSPSS 23.0RUANJIANJINXINGSHUJUCHULI, YANJIUZHONGJILIANGZILIAOCAIYONGJUNSHU±BIAOZHUNCHA (±s) BIAOSHI。SHOUXIANCAIYONGQ-QTUDUISUODESHUJUJINXINGZHENGTAIJIANYAN, RANHOUCAIYONGDULIYANGBENtJIANYANHEDANYINSUFANGCHAFENXIDUISHUJUJINXINGBIJIAOFENXI;ZUIHOUCAIYONGZHUBUHUIGUIFENXILAILEJIEXIANGGUANZIBIANLIANGDUIYINBIANLIANGDEYINGXIANG。

                              2 结果与分析

                              2.1 RENKOUXUETEZHENGXIADEZHONGXUESHENGDUANLIANTAIDUDEFENBIJIAO

                            星云棋牌官网下载   BENYANJIUFAXIAN:BUTONGXUEDUAN、SHIFOUDUSHENG、BUTONGBANJIXUEXIFENWEI、BUTONGJIATINGZUCHENGCHENGYUANDEZHONGXUESHENGDUANLIANTAIDUJUNFENCHAYIBUXIANZHU (P>0.05) 。DANZHONGXUESHENGDUANLIANTAIDUCUNZAIXINGBIECHAYI (t=3.014, P<0.01) , NANSHENGMINGXIANHAOYUNVSHENG, ZHEIYUQIUYONGDENGRENDEYANJIUJIEGUOYIZHI[7], YUANYINKENENGSHINANSHENGHAODONG, NVSHENGPIANJING, ZHEIZHONGGEXINGCHAYIZAOCHENGLENANNVSHENGDUITIYUDUANLIANTAIDUCUNZAIZHEJIAODACHAYI。CIWAI, XIAIYUNDONGDENANSHENGZHIJIANRONGYIXINGCHENGLIANGHAODEYUNDONGHUOBANGUANXI, TONGGUOYUNDONGZHONGDELIANGHAOHUDONG, JIASHENLEQIJIJIDUANLIANTAIDUDEXINGCHENG, JINERQIANGHUAQITIYUDUANLIANXINGWEI。FUMUJIAOYUFANGSHIDEYINSUFANGCHAFENXIFAXIAN:FUMUJIAOYUFANGSHIDUIZHONGXUESHENGDUANLIANTAIDUYOUXIANZHUZUOYONG (F=3.302, P<0.05) , ZHEIYUDANYUJINDENGRENDEYANJIUJIEGUOJIBENYIZHI[8]。TONGGUOLSDFADUOZHONGBIJIAOHOUFAXIAN, FUMUJIAOYUFANGSHIWEISHANGTAOXINGDEZHONGXUESHENGDUANLIANTAIDUJUNFENYAOMINGXIANYOUYUFUMUJIAOYUFANGSHIWEINIAIXINGHEGANSHEXINGDEDUANLIANTAIDUJUNFEN, YUANYINKENENGSHIZHONGXUESHIQIDEXUESHENGXINGGEXIANGDUIPANNI, ZHUZHONGSIRENKONGJIAN, BUXIHUANZHANGBEIGUOYUGANSHEGERENDEXINGWEI, ERFUMUYUZINVZHIJIANLIANGHAODEGOUTONGGUANXIRONGYIRANGZHONGXUESHENGGENGJIADULIZIZHU, SHIDEZHONGXUESHENGZAICONGSHIXIAIZIJIDEYUNDONGHUOQITAKEWAIXINGQUSHIHUIHUODEGENGDUODEJIATINGZHICHI。LINGRENYIWAIDESHI, FUMUJIAOYUFANGSHIWEIHUSHIXINGDEZHONGXUESHENGDUANLIANTAIDUJUNFENYEXIANZHUYOUYUFUMUJIAOYUFANGSHIWEINIAIXINGHEGANSHEXINGDEDUANLIANTAIDUJUNFEN, YUANYINKENENGSHI, FUMUDUIZHONGXUESHENGDEFANGRENSHIDEQIYOUGENGDUODEZIZHUXUANZEKONGJIAN, YOUQISHIZHONGXUESHENGZAICONGSHIXIAIDETIYUDUANLIANSHIBIAOXIANGENGWEIJIJIZHUDONG。KEJIAN, FUMUGUOYUGANSHEHUOZHEGUOYUNIAIZHONGXUESHENGDOUBULIYUZHONGXUESHENGJIJIDUANLIANTAIDUDEXINGSHI。BUTONGBMIZHISHUDENGJIDEYINSUFENXIFAXIAN:BUTONGBMIZHISHUDENGJIDUIZHONGXUESHENGDUANLIANTAIDUYOUXIANZHUZUOYONG (F=3.8222, P<0.01) 。ZHEIYUWANGBINDENGRENDEYANJIUJIEGUOJIAOWEIYIZHI[9], TONGGUOLSDFADUOZHONGBIJIAOHOUFAXIAN, BMIZHISHUWEIZHENGCHANGTIZHONGDEZHONGXUESHENGDUANLIANTAIDUJUNFENYAOXIANZHUYOUYUDITIZHONG、CHAOZHONGHEFEIPANGZHONGXUESHENGDUANLIANTAIDUJUNFEN。YUANYINKENENGSHIDITIZHONG、CHAOZHONGHEFEIPANGDEZHONGXUESHENGZAITIYUYUNDONGGUOCHENGZHONGYINWEIZIJISHENCAIHUOZHEYUNDONGBIAOXIANRONGYIYINQIJIAOSHIHEXUESHENGDEQINGSHIHUOCHAOXIAO, SHIDEQICHANSHENGYIDINGDEZIBEIXINLI, JIUERJIUZHIHUIJIANJIANYUANLITIYUDUANLIAN, XINGCHENGXIAOJIDEDUANLIANTAIDU, ERZHENGCHANGTIZHONGDEZHONGXUESHENGZAITIYUYUNDONGZHONGDEYUNDONGBIAOXIANHEGUANZHUDUJIAOWEIZHENGCHANG, YINERQIDUANLIANTAIDUDEXINGCHENGXIANGDUIJIJI。KEJIAN, YONGYOUYIGELIANGHAODETIPODUIYUZHONGXUESHENGJIJIDUANLIANTAIDUDEXINGCHENGBIJIAOYOULI。

                              表1 中学生锻炼态度影响因素的回归分析    

                             

                            星云棋牌官网下载   2.2 ZHONGXUESHENGDUANLIANTAIDUDEYINGXIANGYINSUFENXI

                              YIZHONGXUESHENGDUANLIANTAIDUJUNFENWEIYINBIANLIANG, ZHONGXUESHENGRENKOUXUEYINSUWEIZIBIANLIANG, CAIYONGZHUBUHUIGUI (STEPWISEFA) JINXINGFENXI。SUOYOUZIBIANLIANGJUNCAIYONGXUNIBIANLIANGBIAOSHI, XINGBIE:NANSHENG=1, NVSHENG=2;XUEDUAN:CHUZHONG=1, GAOZHONG=2;SHIFOUDUSHENG:DUSHENG=1, FEIDU=2;BANJIXUEXIFENWEI:JIAOHAO=1, YIBAN=2, JIAOCHA=3;JIATINGZUCHENGCHENGYUAN:YUFUMUJUZHU=1, YUFUMUJIZUBEIJUZHU=2, YUFUQINHUOMUQINJUZHU=3;FUMUJIAOYUFANGSHI:GANSHEXING=1, NIAIXING=2, HUSHIXING=3, SHANGTAOXING=4;BMIZHISHU:DITIZHONG=1, ZHENGCHANG=2, CHAOZHONG=3, FEIPANG=4。JIEGUOFAXIAN:ZHONGXUESHENGDEXINGBIE、FUMUJIAOYUFANGSHI、BMIZHISHUJINRUHUIGUIFANGCHENG (JIANBIAO1) 。MOXINGJIESHIBIANYILIANGDADAO53.2%。QIZHONG, BMIZHISHUYUEGAO, ZHONGXUESHENGDUANLIANTAIDUJUNFENJIUYUEDI;FUMUJIAOYUFANGSHIYUEKAIMING, ZHONGXUESHENGDUANLIANTAIDUJUNFENJIUYUEGAO。

                              3 结论与建议

                            星云棋牌官网下载   ZHONGXUESHENGDUANLIANTAIDUSHOUXINGBIE、FUMUJIAOYUFANGSHIHEBMIZHISHUDENGYINSUYINGXIANG。ZHONGXUETIYUGONGZUOZHEXUTONGGUOJIJIYOUQUDEJIAOXUENEIRONGHEFANGFAYINDAOZHONGXUESHENGDETIYUDUANLIANJIJIXINGHEZIZHUXING;DUIYUBMITIZHIZHISHUBUZHENGCHANGDEXUESHENGYAOYISHITONGREN, BANGZHUCILEIXUESHENGKEFUXINLIZHANGAIBINGSHULIYUNDONGZIXINXIN。DUIYUJIATINGERYAN, JIAZHANGZAISHENGHUOZHONGBUYINGGUOFENGANSHEXUESHENG, JITAMENCHUANGZAOYIDINGDEGERENKONGJIAN, YUSHIDUOYUHAIZIGOUTONG, GULIZHONGXUESHENGJIJICANJIAKEWAIDUANLIAN。

                              参考文献
                              [1]杨漾, 吴艳强, 王向军, 等.上海市中小学生体育锻炼现状及态度[J].中国学校卫生, 2018, 39 (3) :357-360.
                              [2]吴本连, 李向朝.身体自我效能、锻炼态度对大学生体育自主创新能力的影响[J].成都体育学院学报, 2016, 42 (2) :122-126.
                              [3]罗雅莉.大学生锻炼态度与自我概念、锻炼行为的关系性研究[J].山东体育学院学报, 2010, 26 (1) :68-71.
                              [4]王岩, 姚蕾, 臧建成.体育隐蔽课程的实施及对学生锻炼态度的影响[J].北京体育大学学报, 2009, 32 (4) :91-94.
                              [5]陈国强.多属性态度模型与大学生阳光锻炼态度的测量和改变[J].武汉体育学院学报, 2013, 47 (7) :93-96.
                              [6]邱勇, 朱瑜.青少年同伴关系对锻炼态度的影响[J].西南师范大学学报:自然科学版, 2014, 39 (12) :149-152.
                              [7]周伟, 周静.基于结构方程模型对大学生锻炼行为影响机制的探究[J].山东体育学院学报, 2009, 25 (2) :57-60.
                              [8]丹豫晋, 刘映海.家庭体育支持与青少年体质的关系研究[J].教育理论与实践, 2015, 35 (34) :30-33.
                              [9]王滨, 戴炜, 席薇.天津市中小学生在校体育锻炼现状态度及原因分析[J].中国学校卫生, 2017, 38 (7) :1000-1002.

                              陈军,马爱民.中学生锻炼态度的人口学影响因素研究[J].科技资讯,2018,16(20):245-246.
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