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                          基于人口学因素分析高职护生的社交焦虑的程度

                          时间:2017-12-29 来源:科技风 作者:郑梅钦,邹艳辉. 本文字数:3364字

                            摘要:星云棋牌官网下载目的:了解高职护生人口学因素, 如性别、生源, 家庭所在地、父母文化程度、家庭经济状况, 是否独生子女等, 对该群体社交焦虑程度的影响。方法:本文采用基本情况表及社交焦虑量表 (IAS) 调查在校护理学专业学生596名。结果:该校高职护生的社交焦虑水平低于全国大学生常模 (t=-2.376, P=0.018) , 农村家庭的学生社交焦虑程度显著低于城镇家庭的学生 (F=8. 916, P<0.05) , 父母文化程度是初中及以下学生的社交焦虑程度显著低于父母文化程度是高中及以上的学生 (F=5. 005, P <0. 05) 。结论:该校高职护生总体社交焦虑水平不高, 来自城市家庭的孩子以及父母知识水平高的高职护生容易产生更高水平的社交焦虑。

                            GUANJIANCI:GAOZHIHUSHENG; SHEJIAOJIAOLV;

                          人口学

                          星云棋牌官网下载   SHEJIAOJIAOLV (Social Anxiety) , SHIZHIRENMENZAISHEHUIHUAGUOCHENGZHONG, YOUYUZIJIZAISHEHUIJIAOSEYUSHEHUIXINGWEISHANGWUFAMANZUYUDINGDEQIDAIMUBIAOSHISUOCHANSHENGDEJIAOLV。[1]DUIGAOZHIHUSHENGLAISHUO, YUELAIYUEFUZADEYIYUANHUANJINGHEJINZHANGDEYIHUANGUANXIWUYIDUITAMENDESHEJIAONENGLITICHULEGENGGAODEYAOQIU, ERSHEJIAOJIAOLVZAIBUTONGCHENGDUSHANGFANGAIQIZHENGCHANGSHEJIAO, SHENZHIDUIQIGONGZUOYUSHENGHUOCHANSHENGYANZHONGDEFUMIANYINGXIANG。YOUXUEZHETICHU“GERENDEXINLIJIANKANGZAIHENDACHENGDUSHANGSHIDUIRENJIGUANXIDESHIYING”, [2]SUOYIJIAOGAODESHEJIAOJIAOLVSHUIPINGHUIZUIZHONGYINGXIANGGAOZHIHUSHENGDEXINLIJIANKANG, WUZHUYUQIZHIYEFAZHAN。YOUYANJIUBIAOMING, XIANGDANGYIBUFENGAOZHIHUSHENGZAISHEHUIJIAOWANGGUOCHENGZHONGCHUXIANBUTONGCHENGDUDESHEJIAOJIAOLV, SHEJIAOJIAOLVYICHENGWEIGAOZHIHUSHENGZHUYAODEXINLIWENTIZHIYI。[3]BENWENTONGGUODIAOCHAFUJIANSHENGMOUGAOZHIYUANXIAOHULIXUEZHUANYEXUESHENGSHEJIAOJIAOLVDEZHUANGKUANG, FENXIRENKOUXUEYINSUDUIQISHEJIAOJIAOLVSHUIPINGDEYINGXIANG, YIQIWEIGAOZHIYUANXIAOXINLIJIANKANGJIAOYUTIXITIGONGLILUNCANKAOYUSHIJIANYIJU。

                            1 对象与方法

                            1.1 DUIXIANG

                            YUFUJIANWEISHENGZHIYEJISHUXUEYUANZAIXIAOHULIXUEZHUANYESUIJICHOUQU600MINGXUESHENGZUOWEIDIAOCHADUIXIANG, FAFANGWENJUAN600FEN, HUISHOU600FEN, YOUXIAOWENJUAN596FEN, QIZHONGNANSHENG24MING, NVSHENG572MING;XUELISHENGYUANSHIGAOZHONG348MING, ZHONGZHI248MING;JIATINGCHUSHENSHINONGCUNDE456MING, CHENGZHEN140MING;DUSHENGZINV89MING, FEIDUSHENGZINV507MING;FUMUWENHUACHENGDUCHUZHONGJIYIXIA442MING, GAOZHONGJIYISHANG154MING;SHUANGQINJIATING523MING, DANQINJIATING63MING, YOUTARENZHAOGUZHE10MING;JIATINGJINGJIQINGKUANG:KUNNAN121MING, YIBAN416MING, JIAOHAO50MING, FUYU9MING。

                            1.2 FANGFA

                            YANJIUGONGJU:SHEJIAOJIAOLVLIANGBIAO (IAS) :XUANZI《XINLIWEISHENGPINGDINGLIANGBIAOSHOUCE》, [4]YOU15GEZICHENSHITIAOMUZUCHENG, ANZHAOTIAOMU“YUWOYIDIANYEBUXIANGFU”DAO“YUWOJIQIXIANGFU”GONG5JIPINGDING, FENSHUFANWEI15~75FEN, FENZHIYUEGAO, SHEJIAOJIAOLVCHENGDUYUEGAO。FENZHI≤29.2WEIDIFENZU, BIAOSHISHEJIAOJIAOLVCHENGDUJIAODI;FENZHIJIEYU29.2-48.6WEIZHONGJIANZU, BIAOSHISHEJIAOJIAOLVCHENGXIANZHONGDENGSHUIPING;FENZHI≥48.6WEIGAOFENZU, BIAOSHISHEJIAOJIAOLVCHENGDUJIAOGAO。[5]GAIWENJUANTIAOMUSHAO, SHIYONGFANGBIAN, QICronbach'sαXISHUWEI0.81, ZHONGCEXISHUWEI0.78, JUYOUJIAOGAODEXINDUHEXIAODU。[6]

                            1.3 DIAOCHAFANGFAHEZHILIANGKONGZHI

                          星云棋牌官网下载   SUOYOUDIAOCHAYUANJINGGUOXITONGPEIXUN, TONGYIZHIDAOYONGYU, YANGEYAOQIUGUIFANHUACAOZUO。ZAIDIAOCHADUIXIANGKOUTOUZHIQINGTONGYIHOU, XIANGDIAOCHADUIXIANGFAFANGWENJUAN, ZAIWENJUANDIYIBUFENSHEZHILEJIBENQINGKUANGBIAO (BAOKUOXINGBIE、XUELI、JIATINGSUOZAIDI、JIATINGJINGJIQINGKUANG、SHIFOUDUSHENGZINV、FUMUWENHUACHENGDUDENGBEISHIXINXI) , BINGYIWUJIMINGFANGSHITIANXIEDIAOCHAWENJUAN, YAOQIUZUOCHUDULIDEZIWOPINGDING, BINGDANGCHANGHUISHOU。WEIBAOZHENGDIAOCHADUIXIANGZUODAKEKAOXING, XIANGQISHUOMINGBENDIAOCHAZILIAOJINZUOKEXUEYANJIU, JUEDUIBAOMI。

                          星云棋牌官网下载   1.4 TONGJIXUECHULI

                            CAIYONGSPSS 19.0TONGJIRUANJIANJINXINGSHUJULURUFENXI, BINGJINXINGTJIANYANHEFANGCHAFENXI, YIP<0.05WEICHAYIYOUTONGJIXUEYIYI。

                            2 结果

                            (1) TONGGUOBENCIDIAOCHAFAXIANGAIXIAOGAOZHIHUSHENGDEIASPINGJUNFENWEI (38.236.82) , CHUYUSHEJIAOJIAOLVZHONGDENGSHUIPING。YUDAXUESHENGCHANGMO[3] (38.9±9.7) XIANGBI, JUNFENZHIJIAODIQIEYOUXIANZHUCHAYI (t=-2.376, P=0.018) 。GENJURENKOUXUEYINSUFENBIECEDEGEYINSUDEJUNZHIJIBIAOZHUNCHA (JIANBIAO1) , JIEGUOXIANSHI:NVSHENGSHEJIAOJIAOLVSHUIPINGGAOYUNANSHENG;CONGGAOZHONGSHENGXUEDAOGAOZHIYUANXIAOXUESHENGSHEJIAOJIAOLVSHUIPINGGAOYUZHONGZHISHENGXUEZHIGAOZHI;JIATINGSUOZAIDISHINONGCUNXUESHENGDESHEJIAOJIAOLVSHUIPINGDIYULAIZICHENGZHENDEXUESHENG;DUSHENGZINVSHEJIAOJIAOLVSHUIPINGGAOYUFEIDUSHENGZINV;FUMUQINWENHUACHENGDUSHICHUZHONGJIYIXIADEXUESHENGSHEJIAOJIAOLVSHUIPINGDIYUFUMUQINWENHUACHENGDUSHIGAOZHONGJIYISHANGDEXUESHENG;SHUANGQINJIATINGXUESHENGSHEJIAOJIAOLVSHUIPINGDIYUDANQINJIATINGXUESHENG, DANQINJIATINGXUESHENGSHEJIAOJIAOLVSHUIPINGDIYUYOUTARENZHAOGUDEXUESHENG;XUESHENGJIATINGJINGJIQINGKUANGBUTONG, SHEJIAOJIAOLVSHUIPINGYEBUYI, JINGJIFUYUXUESHENG<JINGJIJIAOHAO<JINGJIKUNNAN<YIBANJIATING。

                            表1 高职护生各人口学因素IAS得分 (±S)    

                          星云棋牌官网下载   ZHU:XINGBIE (NAN/NV) ;XUELI (GAOZHONG/ZHONGZHI) ;JIATINGSUOZAIDI (NONGCUN/CHENGSHI) ;FUMUWENHUACHENGDU (CHUZHONGJIYIXIA/GAOZHONGJIYISHANG) ;JIATINGLEIXING (SHUANGQINJIATING/DANQINJIATING/TARENZHAOGU) ;JIATINGJINGJIZHUANGKUANG (KUNNAN/YIBAN/JIAOHAO/FUYU)

                          星云棋牌官网下载   (2) GAOZHIHUSHENGSHEJIAOJIAOLVDEXIANGGUANRENKOUXUEYINSUFENXI (JIANBIAO2) 。

                            表2 高职护生社交焦虑的相关人口学因素分析    

                            ZHU:XINGBIE (NAN/NV) ;XUELI (GAOZHONG/ZHONGZHI) ;JIATINGSUOZAIDI (NONGCUN/CHENGSHI) ;FUMUWENHUACHENGDU (CHUZHONGJIYIXIA/GAOZHONGJIYISHANG) ;JIATINGLEIXING (SHUANGQINJIATING/DANQINJIATING/TARENZHAOGU) ;JIATINGJINGJIZHUANGKUANG (KUNNAN/YIBAN/JIAOHAO/FUYU)

                          星云棋牌官网下载   DUIGAOZHIHUSHENGANZHAOBUTONGRENKOUXUEYINSU (XINGBIE、XUELI、JIATINGSUOZAIDI、SHIFOUDUSHENGZINV、FUMUWENHUACHENGDU、JIATINGLEIXINGHEJIATINGJINGJIQINGKUANG) JINXINGFANGCHAFENXI。JIEGUOJIANBIAO2。XUESHENGJIATINGSUOZAIDI (NONGCUN、CHENGZHEN) (F (413, 1) =8.916, P=0.003<0.05) HEXUESHENGFUMUWENHUACHENGDU (CHUZHONGJIYIXIA、GAOZHONGJIYISHANG) (F (236, 1) =5.005, P=0.025<0.05) DECHAYIXIANZHU, JINONGCUNJIATINGDEXUESHENGSHEJIAOJIAOLVFENZHIXIANZHUDIYUCHENGSHIJIATINGDEXUESHENG, FUMUWENHUACHENGDUSHICHUZHONGJIYIXIAXUESHENGDESHEJIAOJIAOLVFENZHIXIANZHUDIYUFUMUWENHUACHENGDUSHIGAOZHONGJIYISHANGDEXUESHENG。

                            3 讨论

                          星云棋牌官网下载   BENCIDIAOCHAFAXIAN, GAIXIAOGAOZHIHUSHENGDESHEJIAOJIAOLVSHUIPINGDIYUQUANGUODAXUESHENGCHANGMO, QIEYOUXIANZHUCHAYI。ER2014NIANWANGJIN[7]DENGRENDUI494MINGGAOZHIHUSHENGJINXINGDIAOCHADESHEJIAOJIAOLVJUNFEN (40.57±5.96) , CHENQIANHONG[3]CEDE1028MINGGAOZHIHUSHENGSHEJIAOJIAOLVZONGJUNFENWEI (40.53±7.20) , JUNGAOYUDAXUESHENGCHANGMO。KENENGDEYUANYINSHIGAIXIAOBANXUEMUBIAOZHUYAOSHIMIANXIANGNONGCUNHESHEQUJICENG, PEIYANGGAOSUZHIJISHUJINENGXINGRENCAI;ERMUQIANGUOJIAJICENGYILIAOZIYUANJINQUE, RENGXUDALIANGYIHUGONGZUOZHEQIANWANGZHIYUAN, ZHEIGEXIANZHUANGHENDADIHUANJIELEGAIXIAOHULIZHUANYEXUESHENGDEJIUYEYALI, YEJIANGDILEXUESHENGPINGSHIXUEXIHETISHENGZIWODEYALI, DAOZHIXUESHENGZAIXIAOSHENGHUOXIANGDUIANYI, XUEXIXIANGDUIQINGSONG, XIAONEIJINGZHENGYALIYEJIAOXIAO, RENJIJIAOWANGDEYALIYESUIZHIBIANXIAO。

                          星云棋牌官网下载   GAIXIAOGAOZHIHUSHENGZHONGLAIZINONGCUNJIATINGDEXUESHENGSHEJIAOJIAOLVFENSHUXIANZHUDIYULAIZICHENGZHENJIATINGDEXUESHENG, ZHUYAOKAOLVLAIZIZHANGQISHENGHUODEDAHUANJINGDUIRENDEXINLIYINGXIANG。BIRUNONGCUNSHENGHUOHUANJINGKUANSONG, GANSHOUDAODEJINGZHENGYALIBUGAO, KEYEFUDANJIAOQING, YOUGENGDUODESHIJIANYUTARENGOUTONG、JIAOLIU、XIEZUO, GENGFENGFUDETONGNIANSHENGHUOJIAOYIDACHENGGENGWANSHANDEXINLIJIANSHE;XIANGBIZHIXIA, CHENGSHISHENGHUODEKUAIJIEZOUDAHUANJINGXIACHENGZHANGDEHAIZI, CONGXIAOMIANDUIGENGDUODEXUEXIYALI, YANJUNDESHENGXUEYALI, JILIEDESHEHUIJINGZHENG, LAIZIJIAZHANG、LAOSHI、SHEHUIYIJIZIJINEIXINDEYALISHIGETIKANZHONGXUEXI, HUSHISHEJIAOHUODONG;DAIQITUOLIYUANYOUHUANJINGJINRUDAXUESHENGHUOHOU, TURANXUYAOMIANDUIXINDESHEJIAOHUANJING, CONGERRONGYIBAOFACHUSHEJIAOFANGMIANDEXINLIWENTI。BENYANJIUHAIFAXIANFUMUWENHUACHENGDUSHICHUZHONGJIYIXIADEXUESHENGDESHEJIAOJIAOLVFENZHIXIANZHUDIYUFUMUWENHUACHENGDUSHIGAOZHONGJIYISHANGDEXUESHENG, KAOLVYUANYINLAIZIJIATINGCHENGZHANGHUANJINGDUIXUESHENGDEXINLIYINGXIANG。RUFUMUZISHENWENHUACHENGDUBUGAO, WANGWANGDUIZINVSHUYUGUANJIAO, SUIBOZHULIU, TONGSHIFUMUZISHENRENZHIYOUXIAN, HENNANKEGUANDIBAYALICHUANDAOJIHAIZI, DAOZHIQINANYIJISHIGANSHOUDAOYALIBINGZUOCHUFANYING, CONGERBIAOXIANCHUDISHEJIAOJIAOLVSHUIPING。WENHUACHENGDUSHIGAOZHONGJIYISHANGDEFUMUXIANGDUIGENGQIANGDIAOXUEXI, ZHONGSHICHENGJI, HUSHIHAIZIDERENJIJIAOWANGYUXINGQUPEIYANG, YIDAOZHIGAOSHEJIAOJIAOLVSHUIPING。

                            4 展望

                            SUIZHEGAOXIAOBUDUANKUOZHAOHEJIUYEZHIDUDESHENHUAGAIGE, GAOZHISHENGJIUYEJINGZHENGYUJIAJILIE;TONGSHI, CHENGZHENHUACHENGDUDEBUDUANFAZHANDAOZHICHUANTONGYIYISHANGDENONGCUNSHENGYUANZAIJIANSHAO, FUMUDESHOUJIAOYUCHENGDUYESUIZHEGUOJIAJINGJISHUIPINGDEFAZHANZHUBUTISHENG, KEYIYUJIANGAOZHIHUSHENGDESHEJIAOJIAOLVSHUIPINGCUNZAISHANGSHENGSHITOU。ERJIUYESHICHANGDUIYURENCAISUZHIYETICHULEGENGGAODEYAOQIU, TEBIESHIRENJIJIAOWANGNENGLI。SUOYIGAOXIAOXINLIGONGZUOZHEXUYAOHEQUANSHEHUIGONGTONGNULI, JINYIBUWANSHANGAOZHIHUSHENGXINLIJIANKANGFUWUYUJIAOYUTIXI, JIANGXUEXIAOGANYU、JIAOSHIGUANHUAI、PENGBEIZHICHIRONGRUXUEXIAOXINLIJIANKANGJIAOYUYUFUWUTIXIZHONG, CUJINXINLIJIANKANGSHUIPINGTISHENG, CAINENGJIANSHAOHEBIMIANSHEJIAOJIAOLVWENTIDECHANSHENG。

                            参考文献
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                            [2]黄希庭, 郑涌.大学生心理健康与咨询[M].北京高等教育出版社, 2000:141.
                            [3]陈倩虹.高职护生社交焦虑及相关因素分析[J].闽南师范大学学报 (自然科学版) , 2014, 4 (86) :124-127.
                            [4] 汪向东, 王希林, 马弘.心理卫生评定量表手册[J].中国心理卫生杂志, 1999.13 (增订版) :12-13.
                            [5]卢鹏.内地求学港澳台大学生的应对方式、社会支持与社交焦虑的关系研究[J].青少年学刊, 2015, 5 (109) :10-13.
                            [6]黄慧兰, 刘新民.团体人际心理干预与团体认知行为干预对社交焦虑的疗效[J].中国心理卫生杂志, 2011, 25 (5) :324-325.
                          星云棋牌官网下载   [7]王进, 纪忠红, 时晓柯, 王芳, 高职护生社交焦虑与应对方式、社会支持的关系研究[J].护理研究, 2014, 28 (7) :2452-2454.

                            郑梅钦,邹艳辉.高职护生人口学因素对其社交焦虑程度的影响[J].科技风,2018(35):233-234.
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