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                                黑龙江资源型城市人口流失现状与应对措施

                                时间:2018-01-14 来源:中国人口·资源与环境 作者:王巍,路春艳,王英哲 本文字数:6544字

                                  摘    要: 黑龙江省资源型城市人口老龄化加剧, 呈现人口低出生率、低死亡率、低自然增长率的负增长态势, 人口流失将阻碍区域经济发展与振兴。通过对黑龙江省大兴安岭、鹤岗、牡丹江等9个资源型城市的实地调研, 总结人口流失在政策制度、经济社会和文化科技等方面存在的问题, 并给出可行性、针对性和个性化对策建议。

                                  关键词: 资源型城市; 人口流失; 问题分析; 对策建议;

                                  Abstract: Population aging was increasing in resource-based cities of Heilongjiang Province, which presented a negative growth of low birth rate, low mortality and low natural growth rate, and population loss will impede the development and revitalization of regional economy. In 9 resource-based cities of Daxinganling, Hegang and Mudanjiang in Heilongjiang Province, some problems of population loss were summarized in policy system, economic society and cultural science and technology, and some feasible, targeted and individualized countermeasures of population loss were given.

                                  Keyword: resource-based city; population loss; problem analysis; countermeasures and suggestions;

                                  YIJUQUANGUORENKOUCHOUYANGDIAOCHASHUJU, 2017NIANHEILONGJIANGSHENGRENKOULIUSHI8.98WANREN, QIZHONG80%YISHANGWEILAODONGNIANLINGRENKOU。LAODONGLIJIANSHAOTONGSHIDAIZOULEDUONIANSUOFUCHUDEJIAOYUTOURUHEJINENGPEIXUN, RENKOULIUSHIDAOZHISHOURUBUDUIDENG、JIUYEBUCHONGFEN, SHEHUIBUWENDINGYINHUANZENGJIA, JINYIBUZUAIHEILONGJIANGSHENGNAIZHIZHENGGEDONGBEIDIQUDEQUYUJINGJIFAZHANYUZHENXING。ZAIGUOWUYUANYINFADE《QUANGUOZIYUANXINGCHENGSHIKECHIXUFAZHANGUIHUA (2013—2020NIAN) 》ZHONG, HEILONGJIANGSHENG13GEDISHIZHONGYOUYICHUN、DAXINGANLING、DAQING、JIXI、SHUANGYASHAN、QITAIHE、HEGANG、MUDANJIANG、HEIHEDENG9GEZIYUANXINGCHENGSHI, RENKOULIUSHI、RENLIZIBENWAILIU、JINGJIFAZHANDONGLIBUZUDENGWENTIYOUWEITUCHU。DANGQIANHEILONGJIANGSHENGZIYUANXINGCHENGSHICHENGXIANCHURENKOUJIEGOUBUJUNHENG、SHENGYULVJIAODI、RENKOUZIRANZENGZHANGLVDIYUQUANGUOPINGJUNSHUIPING、LAOLINGHUACHENGDUJIAOWEIYANZHONG、JIUYERENYUANJIAOYUCHENGDULUOHOUYUQITAFADACHENGSHI。YINCI, SHENRUYANJIUBINGJIEJUEHEILONGJIANGSHENGZIYUANXINGCHENGSHIRENKOULIUSHIWENTIXIANDEYICHANGJINPO。

                                  1、 文献综述

                                星云棋牌官网下载   GUOWAIXUEZHECONGHONGGUANJIAODUFENXILERENKOULIUDONGYINSU, “TUI-LA”LILUNTICHUJISHUFAZHANJIJINGJIZENGZHANGKUODALERENKOULIUDONGGUIMO[1], ZHONGJIANZHANGAILILUNZEFENXILEYINGXIANGRENKOULIUDONGDEQIANCHUDI、QIANRUDI、QIANYICHENGBENHEGERENYINSU[2], LINGCONGWULIFENLIDESHIJIAO, KEGUANDEJIESHILERENKOULIUDONGDEJIJIYINSUHEXIAOJIYINSU[3], DANGQIANCHENGSHIYUNONGCUNJIANDESHOURUQIWANGCHAJUSHIYINGXIANGRENKOUSHIFOUQIANYIDEZHONGYAOZUCHENGYINZI[4], JISHUHECHANPINPIANHAOSHIQUYURENKOUQIANYIDEQUDONGLI[5], QINGGANYINSUSHIYINGXIANGRENKOUQIANYIYULIUDONGDEZHUGUANYIYUAN[6]。GUONEIXUEZHECONGBUTONGCENGMIANFENXILERENKOULIUDONGYUANYIN:ZAIZHIDUCENGMIAN, HUJIZHIDUDEBUWANSHANXINGCHENGLELAODONGLIHELILIUDONGDEBILEI[7];ZAIJINGJICENGMIAN, CAIZHENGZHUANYIZHIFUSHIYINGXIANGRENKOULIUDONGDEZHONGYAOYINSU[8];ZAISHEHUICENGMIAN, CHENGSHIGONGGONGFUWUSHUIPINGHESHANGPINFANGJIAGEDUIRENKOULIUDONGCHANSHENGZHENGXIANGLALIHEFANXIANGTUILI[9], BUTONGWULIQUYUHERENKOUQIANYIMOSHISHIYINGXIANGCHENGXIANGLAODONGLILIUDONGDEGONGXINGYINSU[10,11];ZAIGERENCENGMIAN, NIANLING、SHOUJIAOYUCHENGDU、XINGBIEHEHUNYINZHUANGTAISHIYINGXIANGRENKOULIUDONGDEYIBANYINSU[12,13], JICHENGSHOURUBIANHUA、ZHIYEBIANHUAHEZISHUBIANHUADECHUIZHILIUDONGZHISHUSHIXINSHENGDAINONGYEZHUANYIRENKOUDEYINGXIANGYINSU[14]。

                                星云棋牌官网下载   XUESHUJIEZHENDUIRENKOULIUDONGDEYANJIUSHIJIAO, DADUOCONGQUYUJINGJISHEHUIFAZHANDEHONGGUANCENGMIAN, DUIYURENKOULIUSHIDEWEIGUANYANJIUXIANGDUIJIAOSHAO;ZHENDUIRENKOULIUDONGDEYANJIUQUYU, DADUOJIZHONGYUJINGJIFADAHEZHONGXIBUSHENGFEN, DUIYUDONGBEIDIQU, TEBIESHIHEILONGJIANGSHENGDEYANJIUBUDUO;ZHENDUIRENKOULIUDONGDEYANJIUDUIXIANG, GUANYUZIYUANXINGCHENGSHIDEZHUANMENYANJIUGENGSHIQUESHAO, YIYOUYANJIUDEZHENGCEJIANYICHENGXIANSUIPIANHUATEZHENG。YINCI, ZHENDUIHEILONGJIANGZIYUANXINGCHENGSHIRENKOULIUSHIWENTIDEZHUANGTAI、WENTIHEDUICEFENXITUXIANQIBIYAOXING。

                                黑龙江资源型城市人口流失现状与应对措施

                                  2、 资源型城市人口流动状态与特征

                                  2.1、 资源型城市人口流动状态及趋势

                                  YIJUHEILONGJIANGSHENGGENIANDU、GEDIQUTONGJINIANJIANHETONGJIGONGBAO, GEDISHIFAGAIWEI、WEIJIWEIDIAOYANSHUJU, DUIHEILONGJIANGSHENGZIYUANXINGCHENGSHIRENKOUQIMOZONGLIANG、QICHUZONGLIANG、JINGQIANYILIANGJILIUDONGBILVJINXINGCESUANFENXI, HEILONGJIANGSHENG9GEZIYUANXINGCHENGSHIZHONG, HEGANG、QITAIHE、SHUANGYASHAN、YICHUN、DAXINGANLING、DAQING、JIXI、HEIHEDENG8GEDIQUJUNWEIRENKOUJINGLIUCHU, QIZHONGQITAIHE、DAXINGANLING、SHUANGYASHAN3GECHENGSHIRENKOULIUCHUCHENGDUZHUNIANJIAJU, YUJIDAO2020NIANRENKOUJINGQIANYILIANGRENGWEIFUZHI, RENKOULIUDONGBILVFENBIEDADAO-150.2‰、-123‰、-82.8‰, DAOZHIQUYURENKOUZONGLIANGJUEDUIJIANSHAO。MUDANJIANGSHISHIWEIYIYIGERENKOULIUDONGBILVWEIZHENGZHIDEZIYUANXINGCHENGSHI, ZI2016NIANKAISHIMUDANJIANGSHIWEIRENKOUJINGLIURU, DADAO39 584REN, ANMUQIANZENGZHANGLVYUCE2020NIANLIURURENKOUJIANGZENGJIAZHI74 631REN。CONGQUANSHENGFANWEILAIKAN, ZIYUANXINGCHENGSHIZONGTICHENGRENKOUJINGLIUCHUZHUANGTAI, QIELIUDONGBILVZHUNIANSHANGSHENG。

                                  2.2、 资源型城市人口流动特征分析

                                  2.2.1、 资源型城市人口流出比率增速加剧

                                星云棋牌官网下载   YIJUDIWUCI、DILIUCIQUANGUORENKOUPUCHASHUJU, HEILONGJIANGSHENGRENKOUZHUANGTAICHENGXIANWEIRENKOUJINGLIUCHU, QIEQIJINGQIANYILIANGBIAOXIANWEIXIANXIAJIANGHOUSHANGSHENGDEQUSHI, QIANYIRENKOUZHONGJUEDABUFENLAIZIYUZIYUANXINGCHENGSHI。2010—2016NIAN, HEILONGJIANGSHENGZIYUANXINGCHENGSHIZHONGQITAIHE、DAXINGANLING、SHUANGYASHAN、HEIHE、YICHUN、HEGANGDENGRENKOULIUDONGBILVJUEDUIZHIJIAODA, JUNCHAOGUO20‰, YUJIDAO2020NIAN, QITAIHE、DAXINGANLING、SHUANGYASHANDENGDIQUDELIUDONGBILVJIEJINHUOCHAOGUO100‰, ZHEIYIBIANHUAJIANGDAOZHIHEILONGJIANGSHENGZIYUANXINGCHENGSHIRENKOUZENGZHANGSHULIANGHEZENGZHANGBILIJUNDIYUTONGQIQUANGUOPINGJUNSHUIPING, JIANGCHENGXIANDICHUSHENGLV、DISIWANGLV、DIZIRANZENGZHANGLVDEFUZENGZHANGTAISHI。

                                  2.2.2、 资源枯竭型城市人口总量呈下降趋势

                                  HEILONGJIANGSHENG9GEZIYUANXINGCHENGSHIDERENKOUZONGLIANGZHANBIYUE40%, RENKOUZENGZHANGLVQUEDIYUQUANSHENGPINGJUNSHUIPING。ZAI9GEZIYUANXINGCHENGSHIZHONG, JIXISHI、MUDANJIANGSHI、HEIHESHIHEDAQINGSHIDERENKOUZONGLIANGCHENGXIAJIANGQUSHI, DANYUQITAZIYUANXINGCHENGSHIXIANGBIXIAJIANGFUDUJIAOXIAO, MUDANJIANGHAIYOUHUISHENGQUSHI。HEGANG、QITAIHEDENG5GEZIYUANXINGCHENGSHIRENKOUZONGLIANGZHUNIANDIJIAN, DADUOCHENGFUZENGZHANGTAISHI, YIJUCESUAN, 2010—2020NIAN, QUANSHENGRENKOUQIMOZONGLIANGCONG3 833.4WANXIAJIANGZHI3 708.8WAN。

                                  2.2.3、 资源型城市人口老龄化严重

                                星云棋牌官网下载   HEILONGJIANGSHENGRENKOUNIANLINGBILICHUXIANLEJIAOWEIBULIDEFAZHAN, 0~14SUIRENKOUBIZHONGCONG2010NIANDE11.96%XIAJIANGDAO2016NIANDE10.95%, 65SUIYISHANGRENKOUBILICONG2010NIANDE8.32%SHANGSHENGDAO2016NIANDE11.6%, SHANGSHENGLE3.28%, SHUOMINGRENKOULAOLINGHUAJINCHENGJIAKUAI, RENKOULAOLINGHUACHENGDUJIAOWEIYANZHONG。TONGGUOSHIDIDIAOYAN, ZAIZIYUANXINGCHENGSHISHANGSHUQINGKUANGGENGWEIMINGXIAN, YOUZHILAODONGLICHENGWEIRENKOULIUCHUDEZHULI, SHENGYURENKOUDELAOLINGHUACHENGDUYICHAOGUOQUANSHENGPINGJUNSHUIPING。

                                  2.2.4、 资源型城市人口素质有较大提升

                                  TONGDIWUCIQUANGUORENKOUPUCHAXIANGBI, ZAIDILIUCIQUANGUORENKOUPUCHAZHONG, HEILONGJIANGSHENGMEI10WANRENZHONGJIESHOUGAODENGJIAOYUDERENSHUYOU4 797RENSHANGSHENGWEI9 067REN, JIESHOUCHUDENGJIAOYUDERENSHUYOU31 253RENXIAJIANGWEI24 078REN, SHUOMINGHEILONGJIANGSHENGDERENKOUSUZHIYOUJIAODADETIGAO, YIWUJIAOYULUOSHIQINGKUANGJIAOHAO。TONGGUOSHIDIDIAOYAN, HEGANGSHI、QITAIHESHI、YICHUNSHIDENGZIYUANXINGCHENGSHIDEYIWUJIAOYUJIANKANGFAZHAN, ZHIYEJIAOYUSHUIPINGYEZHUNIANTIGAO, RENKOUSUZHIJIAOYIWANGMINGXIANTISHENG, WEIZIYUANXINGCHENGSHIZHUANXINGFAZHANTIGONGLELIANGHAODEZHILIZHICHIHERENCAIZHICHENG。

                                  3、 资源型城市人口流失的问题分析

                                  3.1、 政策制度层面

                                  ZICONGSHISHI“DANDUERHAI”“QUANMIANERHAI”ZHENGCEYILAI, HEILONGJIANGSHENGZIYUANXINGCHENGSHIDECHUSHENGRENKOUSHULIANGZHUNIANDIJIAN, DICHUSHENGLV、DISIWANGLV、DIZIRANZENGZHANGLVGONGCUN。QIYUANYINZHUYAOYOULIANGGEFANGMIAN:YISHIBUFENJIATINGDEZHUYAOLAODONGLIWAICHUWUGONG, LIUSHOUDUOWEILAOREN、FUNVHEERTONG, RICHANGSHENGHUOYALIJIAODA, SHANGBUJUBEIERHAISHENGYUDEZHUGUANTIAOJIAN;ERSHIZIYUANXINGCHENGSHIDEJUMINSHENGHUOSHUIPINGBUGAO, ERHAISHENGYUDEKEGUANTIAOJIANBUCHONGYU, SHIDEDUOSHUJIATINGDESHENGYUYIYUANBUQIANGLIE。YINCI, “QUANMIANERHAI”ZHENGCEZAIZIYUANXINGCHENGSHIYUANWEIDADAOCUJINRENKOUZONGLIANGZENGJIADEYUQIXIAOGUO。

                                  RENCAIYINJINZHENGCEJIXUYAOYOULIDEJINGJIZHICHENG, YEXUYAOLIANGHAODESHEHUIHUANJING, CAINENGFAHUIQIJILIDAOXIANGZUOYONG, WEIRENCAIFAZHANTIGONGKECHIXUDEDONGLIYUANQUAN。ZIYUANXINGCHENGSHICHUTAIXIANGYINGDERENCAIYINJINZHENGCE, DANYOUYUCILEIXINGCHENGSHIFAZHANDADUOYILAIYUZIYUANKAIFA, XIANJIEDUANJINGJIFAZHANZONGTISHUIPINGXIAJIANG, NANYIYONGYOUHOUDEFULIDAIYUZHICHENGRENCAIJIJU。TONGSHISHEHUIWENHUARUANHUANJINGHESHENGTAI、GONGGONGJICHUSHESHIYINGHUANJINGJIANSHEBUJUNHENG, RENCAIYINJINZHENGCEDESHEHUIZHICHENGLIDUBUGAO, NANYIMANZUYINJINRENCAIDUIMEIHAOSHENGHUODEXUYAO, ZHISHIRENCAIYINJINZHENGCEDEDAOXIANGBUQINGXI, XIAOGUOBUMINGXIAN。

                                  3.2、 经济社会层面

                                星云棋牌官网下载   HEILONGJIANGSHENGZIYUANXINGCHENGSHIDECHANYEJIEGOUJIAOWEIDANYI, DANGQIANJINGJIFAZHANDENEISHENGDONGLIBUZU, DUOYIYOUSHIZIYUANWEIZHULAIFAZHANDIYI、ERCHANYE, DANGZIYUANJIAGEZOUDIHUOZHEZIYUANMIANLINSHUAIJIESHI, HUIXUNSUDAOZHIJINGJIZONGTIXIAHUA, CONGERCHANSHENG“ZIYUANZUZHOU”XIANXIANG。ZAIZIYUANKAICAIGUOCHENGZHONGPIANMIANZHUIQIUSHULIANG, HUSHIXIANGGUANZIYUANCHANPINDESHENJIAGONG, DAOZHITOURUCHENGBENGUODA, SHOUYIHUIBAOLVJIAODI。ZHEIXIESHIDEZIYUANXINGCHENGSHIDUIRENKOUDEXIYINLIDUBUDA, JUMINSHENGHUODEXINGFUGANHEMANYIDUJIANGDI, RENKOULIUDONGWAITUILIZENGQIANG, NEIJULIJIANRUO, ZHISHIRENKOULIUCHUGUIMOWENZHONGYOUSHENG。

                                  HEILONGJIANGSHENGZIYUANXINGCHENGSHIRENKOUGUIMOBUDA, CHENGQUDADUOCHENGDIANZHUANGFENBU, YITUOSHIYOU、LINYEHEMEITANDENGZIYUANKAIFAJIANSHECHENGSHI, RENKOUMIJIQUDESHEHUIFUWUGONGNENGBUQIANG, SHEHUIZIYUANDEJIJUXIAOGUOYIBAN, GONGGONGFUWUPINGTAIJIANSHESHANGBUWANSHAN, JINGJIFAZHANDISUDAOZHIJUMINXIAOFEIFALI, MUQIANXIAGANGSHIYERENYUANSHULIANGJIAODUO, JIUYEKUNNANRENYUANHELINGJIUYEJIATINGYUANZHUNANDUJIAODA, SHIDECHENGQUXIANDAIFUWUYEBUNENGTIGONGCHONGZUDE、YOUXIYINLIDEJIUYEGANGWEI, DAOZHIBENTULAODONGLIDALIANGWAIQIANJIUYE, JIDIFANGJINGJISHEHUIFAZHANDAILAIJIAODADEFUMIANXIAOYING。

                                  3.3、 文化科技层面

                                  SUIZHEHEILONGJIANGSHENGZIYUANXINGCHENGSHIRENKOULIUCHUSHULIANGSHANGSHENG, JIATINGGUIMOBUDUANSUOXIAO, ERLIUCHURENKOUDUOWEIQINGZHUANGNIANLAODONGLI、GAOSUZHIRENCAIHUOSUIZINVWAIQIANDELAONIANRENKOU, YINCICHENGXIANCHUXIAOJIATING、DUOJIEGOU、SANJUZHU、RUOGUANXIDETEDIAN, DUJU、LIYI、LIUSHOULAORENDENGJIATINGZHANBIXIANZHETISHENG, CHUANTONGDAJIATINGMOSHIZHANBIXIANZHEJIANGDI。CHUANTONGJIATINGGONGNENGYIDINGCHENGDUDERUOHUA, ZHISHIHUNYIN、SHENGYU、JIAOYU、YANGLAODENGFANGMIANCHANSHENGLEZHUDUOXINWENTI。

                                  HEILONGJIANGSHENGZIYUANXINGCHENGSHIDADUOYILAIYUZIYUANKAICAI, JIERJIANKUANGJIANCHANG (CHANG) FAZHANQILAI, QUEFAZHANGQIDELISHICHENDIANYIJIWEILAIDEYUANJINGGUIHUA, CHENGSHIFAZHANDEHEXINDINGWEIHAIBUQINGXI, HEXINJIAZHIGUANDEYINLINGSHANGCUNZAIQUEWEI, WENHUARUANHUANJINGJIANSHEXIANGDUIZHIHOU。DUICHUANTONGJIATINGGUANNIANDEHONGYANGMEIYOUDADAOZHONGZHICHENGCHENG, DUICHENGXINXIAODAO、ZUNLAOAIYOU、GUBENAIXIANG、JIAXINGYOUZEDEXUANCHUANWEINENGSHIXIANRENXINSUOXIANG, HEXINJIAZHIGUANDEYINLINGZUOYONGMEIYOUCHONGFENFAHUI, ZAIYISHIXINGTAILINGYUHAIQUESHAOQIANGLIEDEYINGXIANGLI、GANZHAOLIHENINGJULIBARENKOULIUZAIBENXIANG、BENTU, YINDAOWAICHULIUDONGRENKOUZHUDONGHUILIU。

                                  4、 黑龙江省资源型城市人口流失问题的对策建议

                                  4.1、 内求所有, 外求所用, 科学设计人口政策

                                星云棋牌官网下载   ZHENDUIDILIWEIZHITESHUDEPIANYUANBIANJINGDIQU, RUHEGANGSHIDESUIBINXIAN、LUOBEIXIANDENG, ZAIJIJISHIXING“QUANMIANERHAI”ZHENGCEDEJICHUSHANG, SHIDIANSHISHI“SANHAIZHENGCE”, TUIJINCHABIEHUAGAOSHUIPINGDESHENGYUBANFA, TISHENGRENKOUZIRANZENGZHANGLV, BAOZHANGRENKOUYUJINGJISHEHUIXIEDIAOFAZHAN。JIANCHIYIRENWEIBEN, QUANMIANTUIJINCHUSHENGQUEXIANYUFANGGONGZUO, SHISHIYOUSHENGCUJINGONGCHENG, KAIZHANYOUSHENGZIXUN、GAOWEIRENQUNGANYUHEZHIDAO, GAISHANRENKOUSHENGYUZHILIANG。

                                  JIADADUIYOUERZAOJIAO、YIWUJIAOYU、ZHIYEJISHUPEIXUNDETOURULIDU, CHOUHUAJIANSHEZHUANMENFUPINXUEXIAO, DUIDIBAOJIATINGZINVJINXINGQUANFENGBIJISUZHIMIANFEIYIWUJIAOYU, JIANQINGPINKUNJIATINGDEJIAOYUFUDAN。BINGJINKENENGKUODAMIANFEISHEHUIFUWUFANWEI, ZENGJIAYANGLAOBAOXIAN、YILIAOBAOXIAN、SHIYEXIANDENGFUGAIMIAN, ZAIYILIAOBAOJIAN、YOUERRUTUO、ERTONGRUXUEJIDAIGANGZAIJIUYEDENGFANGMIANTIGONGXIANGYINGFUDAOPEIXUN, WEIBENDIRENKOUTIGONGZHUANYEHUA、XITONGHUA、RENXINGHUADEFUWU, JIECHUERHAISHENGYUDEHOUGUZHIYOU, WEIRENKOUSHENGYUZHENGCELUOSHICHUANGZAOYOULIDEJINGJITIAOJIANHESHIHEDESHEHUIHUANJING。

                                  CAIQUSHUISHOUFANHAI、ZENGJIAZHUANXIANGBUTIEDENGBANFA, JIYUZIYUANXINGCHENGSHIXIANGYINGDEDIQUTESHUZHENGCEBUTIE, ZAIZIYUANXINGCHENGSHIGONGZUODEZHENGFUJIGUANHEQISHIYEDANWEIZHIGONG, TEBIESHIJICHUJIAOYU、YILIAOWEISHENG、KEJIYANFA、CHUANGXINCHUANGYELEIRENCAI, YAOMINGXIANGANJUEDAOZHUFANG、GONGZIHEFULIDAIYUDENGBUDIYUFADADIQU, HANYANGPEIYUGAOSUZHI、GAOJISHUXINGRENCAI, LIYONGZHENGCE、DAIYU、GANQING、YUANJINGXIYINLIUZHUYOUSHIZHISHIJIARUDAORENCAIXINGSHIXINGLIE。

                                星云棋牌官网下载   HEILONGJIANGSHENGZIYUANXINGCHENGSHILINXUANZHONGDIANXINGYE、QIYEHEKEYANJIGOU, BINGCHENG“BUQIUSUOYOU, DANQIUSUOYONG”DEYUANZE, SHELIKEZUODAITOUREN, ZAIGUONEIWAIZHAOPINGAOSUZHI、GAOJISHUXINGRENCAI, YOUZHENGFUBANFAPINSHU, TIGONGGONGZUOSHI、ZHUFANG、GONGZIDENGFULIDAIYU, DAITOURENMEINIANDAOSHOUPINCHENGSHIGONGZUOLEIJIBUDIYUEDINGSHIJIAN, ZHUYAOFUZEXINGYEZHIDAO、TIDUIJIANSHE、KEJIGONGGUAN、YANFASHEJI、JISHUZIXUN、ZHENGCEJIEDUDENGGONGZUO, ZAIPINQIJIESHUHOUYUANDAITOURENKEYIXUPINHUOTUIJIANQITADAITOUREN, TUIJINZIYUANXINGCHENGSHIJINGJIJIANSHEYOUHAOYOUKUAIFAZHAN。

                                  4.2、 产业所引, 保障所留, 持续完善民生政策

                                  JIXUJIAKUAIDIYI、ERCHANYEDEZHUANXINGSHENGJI, TONGGUOYANZHANGCHANYELIANTIAO、KUODAJINGSHENJIAGONG, FAZHANGAOJISHU、GAOZHILIANG、GAOJIANDUANDEJIEXUTIDAICHANYE, YONGDUOYUANHUASILUDAPODANYIJINGJIGEJU, TUIJINPEITAOCHANYEXIETONGFAZHAN, YONGCHANYEXIANGMU、TOURUZIJINHEGAOXINJISHUTISHENGXIYINRENCAIDENEIQULI。LIRU, HEGANGSHIJIJIFAZHANSHIMOXIDENGXIANGGUANJIEXUTIDAICHANYE, GULISHEHUIZIBENTOURULVSESHIPINGONGYE。

                                  TONGGUOSHIDANGDEZHENGCEQINGXIE, JIANLIQUYUJIAOTONGSHUNIUHELVYOUXINXIZHONGXIN, TIGAOGONGGONGJIAOTONGHEXINXITONGXUNDECHANGXINGNENGLI, JIANGGEDIQUDELVYOUZIYUANLIANJIECHENGWANG, XIYINSHEHUIZIBENTOUZIKAIFALVYOUSHICHANG, CUJINLVYOUCHANYEKUAISUFAZHAN。JIEZHUPILINELUOSIDEDIYUYOUSHI, FAZHANDUIWAIMAOYIYUWULIUCHANYE, SHENGJIXIANYOUDESHANGPINJISANDIHEQUYUWULIUZHONGXIN, FAZHANXIANDAIFUWUYEKUODAJIUYEGANGWEIXUQIU。LIRU, DAXINGANLINGDENGDIQU, TUIJINSHENGTAILVYOUYEFAZHAN, XIUJIANYUANSHISENLINGUANGUANGZHANDAO、GUANGUANGFENGJINGYUANQU、TESESHUIGUOCAIZHAIYUANDENGLVYOUXIANGMU。

                                星云棋牌官网下载   JIANQUANCHENGZHENZHIGONGYIDIJIUYE、NONGMINGONGWAICHUWUGONGDEYANGLAOBAOXIANZHUANYIJIEXUZHIDU, JIANLIQIANYIDAOSHENGWAIDELAONIANRENYIDIYILIAOBAOXIAOBANFA, BAOZHANGLIUDONGJIUYEHEYIDIYANGLAOQUNTIDEYINGYOUQUANYI。WANSHANYIJUJIAYANGLAOWEIJICHU, SHEQUFUWUWEIYITUO, JIGOUZHAOLIAOWEIBUCHONG, YIYANGJIEHEWEIMUBIAODEZHIHUIYANGLAOFUWUTIXI, JIADADUICHENGZHENLIUSHOULAORENDENGTESHUQUNTIDEBUTIELIDU, GAISHANLAONIANQUNTIDESHENGHUOTIAOJIAN, TISHENGLAONIANQUNTIDEXIAOFEINENGLI。

                                  4.3、 文化所导, 教育所补, 创新实施科教政策

                                星云棋牌官网下载   ZHENDUIXINXINGJIATINGGONGNENGDEQUSHIHETEDIAN, DALIHONGYANGCHUANTONGJIATINGGUANNIAN, QIANGHUAZHENGFUDUIJIATINGDESHEHUIGUANLIHEGONGGONGFUWUZHINENG, GOUJIANJIATINGFULIZHIDUKUANGJIA。ZHUBUTIGAOJIATINGSHOURUZAIGUOMINSHOURUFENPEIZHONGDEBILI, JIEJUEJIATINGZAIHUNYIN、SHENGYU、JIAOYU、YANGLAODENGFANGMIANDEHOUGUZHIYOU, ZENGQIANGJIATINGZONGHEFAZHANNENGLI, ZENGJINJIATINGFUZHISHUIPING。JIADADUIKUNNANJIATINGDEZHICHILIDU, GUANZHUNONGCUNLIUSHOURENKOUDESHENGHUOZHUANGKUANG, JINGZHUNBANGFURUOSHIQUNTIHEPINKUNJIATINGTUOPINZHIFU。

                                星云棋牌官网下载   GAISHANZIYUANXINGCHENGSHIJUMINDESHENGHUOHUANJING, JIANSHEZIYUANJIEYUEXING、HUANJINGYOUHAOXING、RENYUZIRANHEXIEDEXINSHEQU, TISHENGDUIJIATINGJUZHUHUANJINGDEXINGFUGANHEMANYIDU。CHONGFENLIYONGGUOJIAZHENGCEHEXIANGMUZHICHI, ZAITIAOJIANYUNXUDEQINGKUANGXIA, TONGGUOXIUJIANDIZHIGONGYUAN、RENGONGHU、RENGONGSHIDI、LVHUAZHIBEIDENGTUJING, YOUJIHUADIGAIZAOLAOCHENGQUJIANSHEXINCHENGQU。LIRU, QITAIHESHILIYONGSHAN、SHUI、KENGDENGZIRANTIAOJIAN, JIANSHESHENGTAIXING、XIUXIANYULEHESHENGHUOJUZHUWEIYITIDEYUANLINSHEQU。

                                  HEILONGJIANGSHENGZIYUANXINGCHENGSHIDEFAGAIWEI、RENSHEJUHEJIAOYUJUDENGBUMEN, ANZHAOSHENGJUNJIAOYUTOURUJINGFEIBIAOZHUN, HESUANDAXUEYISHANGBIYESHENGHEGAOJISHURENCAIDERENLIZIBENJIAZHI, ANZHAODIYUFENBUHERENCAICENGCIJIANLISHENGYUANDIRENCAIZHAIQUAN。RUOSHENGNEIQITADISHIYINJINFEIBENDISHENGYUANDERENCAI, BIXUDAOGAIRENCAISUOZAISHENGYUANDIGOUMAIRENCAIZHAIQUAN, YINIANDUWEIDANWEIZONGLIANGJIESUAN, GAIRENCAIZHAIQUANZIJINZHUANXIANGYONGYUSHENGYUANDIRENCAIYINJINYUJIAOYUBUCHANG, YIQIDADAO“BUQIUSUOYONG, DANQIUSUOBU”, SHIDIANSHISHIHOUKETUIGUANGZHIQITADIQU。

                                  5、 结语

                                  BENWENCONGZHENGCEZHIDU、JINGJISHEHUIHEWENHUAKEJIDENGFANGMIAN, GUINAZONGJIELERENKOULIUSHISUOMIANLINDEXIANSHIWENTI, CONGRENKOUSHENGYU、RENKOUHANYANG、RENCAIYINJIN、RENCAIFUHUAHERENCAIBUCHANGDENGFANGMIAN, BINGJICHURENKOUZHENGCE、MINSHENGZHENGCEHEKEJIAOZHENGCEDENGFANGMIANDEDUICEJIANYI, WEIQUYUJINGJISHEHUIFAZHANTIGONGLERENLIZHICHENGHEZHILIZHICHI。DANZHENDUIQUYURENKOULIUSHIDEXINGCHENGJILI、DONGLIJIZHI、YINGXIANGYINSU、KONGJIANFENBU、XIAOGUOPINGJIADENGFANGMIAN, HAIYOUDAIYUZAIHOUQIYANJIUZHONGBUDUANFENGFUWANSHAN。

                                  参考文献:

                                  [1]RAVENSTEIN E G. The laws of migration[J]. Journal of the Statistical Society of London, 1885, 48 (2) :167-235.
                                  [2]LEE E S. A theory of migration[J]. Demography, 1966, 3 (1) :47-57.
                                  [3]BOGUE D J, HAUSER P M. The study of population, an inventory appraisal[M]. Chicago:University of Chicago Press, 1959.
                                  [4]TODARO M. Internal migration in developing countries:a survey[M].Chicago:University of Chicago Press, 1980.
                                  [5]GLOMM G, RAVIKUMAR B. Public versus private investment in human capital:endogenous growth and income inequality[J].Journal of political economy, 1992, 100 (4) :818-834.
                                  [6]SILVER D, LEVER G, HEESS N, et al.Deterministic policy gradient algorithms[C]. ICML, 2014.
                                  [7]林毅夫.战略抉择是经济改革与发展成功的关键[J].经济科学, 1994 (3) :3-7.
                                  [8]王丽艳, 马光荣.帆随风动、人随财走?——财政转移支付对人口流动的影响[J].金融研究, 2017 (10) :18-34.
                                  [9]黄燕芬, 张超.城市行政层级视角的人口流动影响机理研究[J].中国人口科学, 2018 (1) :33-45, 126-127.
                                  [10]蔡昉.可持续发展的经济、社会和环境因素:我国的地区差距[J].科学决策, 1998 (4) :24-27.
                                  [11]马荷花, 王小军.中国省际城乡人口流动成因的研究——基于第六次人口普查数据[J].人口与发展, 2017, 23 (3) :25-36.
                                  [12]段成荣.影响我国省际人口迁移的个人特征分析——兼论“时间”因素在人口迁移研究中的重要性[J].人口研究, 2000 (4) :14-22.
                                  [13]段成荣.关于当前人口流动和人口流动研究的几个问题[J].人口研究, 1999 (2) :48-54.
                                  [14]陈春, 陈勇, 熊山, 等.新生代农业转移人口垂直流动的影响因素及提升策略[J].城市发展研究, 2018, 25 (1) :48-54.

                                  王巍,路春艳,王英哲.黑龙江省资源型城市人口流失问题与对策[J].中国人口·资源与环境,2018,28(S2):63-66.
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