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            全面二孩政策下学区房价格上涨的理论分析

            时间:2018-06-26 来源:现代营销 作者:胡晓霞 本文字数:3218字

              摘    要: 全面二孩政策会带来社会资源及配套设施需求的变化, 学区房作为住房与教育的共生体, 也受到政策的一定影响。生育政策的放松会带来家庭结构的变化, 同时也带来了家庭资源重新分配的需求, 研究发现, 全面二孩政策下购买学区房能够使家庭资源在两个孩子间分配效用达到最佳, 而二孩生育计划推迟了家庭推出学区房的计划, 整体上造成学区房需求增加、供给降低;根据供需价格理论, 需求增加和供给降低双重作用下, 全面二孩政策推动了学区房价格的上涨。

              关键词:星云棋牌官网下载 全面二孩政策; 学区房; 教育资源; 供需价格理论;

              一、引言

            星云棋牌官网下载   QUANMIANERHAIZHENGCEDEBANBUZHIZAIHUANJIERENKOULAOLINGHUA、LAODONGLIQUEKOUDADENGWENTI, YITUTONGGUOTIGAOSHENGYULVDADAOZENGJIARENKOUBINGCUJINSHEHUIJINGJIFAZHANDEMUDE, DANSHIZHENGCEFANGKUANHOU, TONGJISHUJUXIANSHISHENGYULVBINGMEIYOUYUQIDEGAO, SHENRUTANJIUFAXIANKENENGYUJIATINGJIAOYUCHENGBENYOUGUAN, ERXUEQUFANGSHUYUJIAOYUCHENGBENDEYIZHONG。ZAIWOGUO, YIWUJIAOYUJIEDUANCAIQUJIUJINRUXUEYUANZE, JIJIATINGYONGYOUMOUXIAOHUAFENQUYUDEZHUZHAIBIANHUODEGAIXIAODERUXUEZIGE, YUANBENSHICUJINJIAOYUGONGPINGDEZHENGCE, QUEZAIFANGDICHANSHICHANGGONGXUBUPINGHENGDEQINGKUANGXIA, DAOZHIXUEQUFANGJIAGEYUELAIYUEGAO, ZENGJIALEJIATINGYANGYUHAIZIDECHENGBEN。QUANMIANERHAIZHENGCEXIA, JIATINGJIEGOUFASHENGBIANHUA、RENKOUSHULIANGTISHENGSHIBIHUIDUISHEHUIGONGGONGZIYUANJIJICHUSHESHICHANSHENGXINDEXUQIU, XUEQUFANGZUOWEIZHUZHAIYUJIAOYUZIYUANDEGONGTONGZAITI, YEHUISHOUDAOYIDINGYINGXIANG。JIATINGDUIYUXUEQUFANGDEXUQIUKENENGHUIYOUSUOZENGZHANG, CONGERJINYIBUTUIDONGXUEQUFANGJIAGEDESHANGZHANG, DAOZHIGONGGONGJIAOYUZIYUANJIAGETIGAO, YEBULIYUFANGDICHANSHICHANGZHENGCHANGFAZHAN, YINCIYOUBIYAOYANJIUZHENGCEDUIXUEQUFANGJIAGEDEYINGXIANGJILI。

              二、理论分析

              (一) 学区房的教育资源属性特殊

            星云棋牌官网下载   XUEQUFANGSHIJIAZHANGWEILEZINVNENGGOUJIESHOUDAOYOUZHIDEJIAOYUZIYUANSUOZHICHUDEJIANJIEFEIYONG, ZHISUOYISHIJIANJIEFEIYONG, SHIYINWEIXUEQUFANGBENSHENZUIDADESHUXINGSHIZHUZHAI, XUEQUZHISHIQIFUDAIDETESHUSHUXINGZHIYI, DANZHENGSHIZHEIGETESHUSHUXINGZAOCHENGLETAYUPUTONGZHUZHAIZHIJIANDEJIAGECHAYI, ZHEIGECHAJUYESHIJIATINGWEIZINVRUXUESUOZHIFUDEJIANJIEFEIYONG。XUEQUFANGZUOWEIJIAOYUZIYUANHAIJUYOUYICIXINGTOURUDETEXING, JIZAIZINVWANCHENGYIWUJIAOYUJIEDUANQIAN, CHULEGOUZHIFANGWUCHENGDANDEMEIYUEDAIKUANWAI, BINGBUXUYAOZAIEWAITOURUJINGJIZIBEN, ERFANGDAIYESHUYUGOUFANGSHIZHIDINGHAODEZHICHU, BUHUISUIZHESHIJIANZENGJIA。YONGYOUXUEQUFANGDEJIATING, QIZINVBIANKEYIJINRUXIANGDUIYINGDEXUEXIAOJIESHOUJIAOYU, BINGQIEBUQUFENYIHAIHEERHAI, YINCIDUIYUERHAIJIATINGLAISHUO, BINGBUCUNZAIFENPEIZHEILEIJIAOYUZIYUANDEBIYAOXING, LIANGGEHAIZIKEYITONGSHIXIANGSHOUDAOXUEQUFANGDAILAIDERUXUEZIGE。JIASHANGXUEQUFANGDEYICIXINGTOURUTEXING, ERHAIDEJIATINGBUXUYAOYINWEIERHAIDECHUSHENGERZENGJIAZHEIBUFENTOURU, FANERHUIJIANSHAOMEIGEHAIZIZAIJIESHOUZHEILEIJIAOYUSHIDERENJUNCHENGBEN。

              (二) 全面二孩政策对家庭学区房需求的影响分析

            星云棋牌官网下载   GENJUJIATINGJINGJIXUELILUNKEZHI, JIATINGZIYUANZHUYAOBAOKUOWUZHIZIYUAN、RENLIZIYUANHESHIJIANZIYUANDENG, ZHEIXIEZIYUANZONGSHIXIQUEHEYOUXIANDE, SUOYIJIATINGJUECESHIHUISHIZHEIXIEZIYUANDEXIAOYONGFAHUIDAOZUIDA。

            全面二孩政策下学区房价格上涨的理论分析

            星云棋牌官网下载   DUIYUWUERHAISHENGYUJIHUADEJIATINGLAISHUO, QUANMIANERHAIZHENGCEBINGWEITAIDAYINGXIANG, DANSHIDUIYUJIHUASHENGYUERHAIDEJIATINGLAISHUO, JIATINGRENKOUJIEGOUFASHENGBIANHUA, RUHEJIANGGELEIJIATINGZIYUANHELIZUHEDADAOZUIDAXIAOYONGSHIJIATINGJUECEBIYAOKAOLVDEWENTI。ERHAIDEYANGYUDAILAILEYIXILIEZIYUANDEZHICHU, CHUSHENGSHIYILIAOFEI、NIANYOUSHINAIFENFEIYONGDENGWUZHIZIYUANDEZHICHU, XINSHENGERHAOFEIDEJIATINGRENLIZIYUANHESHIJIANZIYUANYEJIAODUO, ZAIGELEIZIYUANYUESHUDETIAOJIANXIA, SHIBIHUIJIYAYUANBENYIHAIHUODEDEZIYUAN, JIANGDILEYIHAIBENKEYIDAIJIJIATINGDEXIAOYONG。ZAIERHAIZHANYONGDALIANGSHIJIANZIYUANDEQINGKUANGXIA, JIATINGJIXUZUOCHUQITAJUECEBAOZHENGYIHAIDEZHILIANG, ERXUEQUFANGDEJIAOYUTESHUXINGKEYIMANZUZHEIYIDIAN。

            星云棋牌官网下载   SHOUXIAN, XUEQUFANGYIWEIZHEYIHAINENGGOUJIESHOUGENGHAODEXIAOYUANJIAOYU;QICI, XUEXIHUANJING、JIAOXUEZHILIANGZAIYIDINGCHENGDUSHANGNENGGOUJIANSHAOJIAOYUXUEBUZUDAILAIDEXIAOWAIEWAIJIAOYUCHENGBEN;QICI, YOUZHIXUEXIAODUIYUXUESHENGDESUZHIPEIYANG、SIXIANGJIAOYUDENGGENGWEIWANSHAN, JIANGDILEFUMUDUIYUYIHAIJIAOYUSUOXUYAOTOURUDESHIJIANCHENGBEN;ZUIHOU, XUEQUFANGNENGGOUSHILIANGGEHAIZITONGSHIXIANGYOUYOUZHIXUEXIAODERUXUEZIGE, YIWEIZHEERHAIDEJICHUJIAOYUYENENGGOUDEDAOBAOZHANG, ZAIYIDINGCHENGDUSHANGKEYIJIANSHAOWEILAIJIATINGXUYAOHAOFEIDEZIYUAN。YINCIGOUMAIXUEQUFANGNENGGOUMIBUSHENGYUERHAIDUIYIHAIDAILAIDEZIYUANXISHI, BINGQIEJIESHENGXIALAIDESHIJIANZIYUANHERENLIZIYUANKEYITOURUDAOERHAIZHONG, SHIERHAIDEDAOGENGHAODEZHAOLIAO。SUOYIZAIYIHAIJIAOYUHEERHAIYANGYUDESHUANGZHONGYALIXIA, JIATINGPOQIEXUYAOXIAOHAOJIATINGDEWUZHIZIYUANGOUMAIXUEQUFANG, JIEYUCHUSHIJIANHERENLIZIYUANTOURUDAOERHAIZHONG, CAINENGGOUDADAOJIATINGXIAOYONGZUIDA。ZONGSHANGSUOSHU, QUANMIANERHAIZHENGCEJIAJULEJIATINGGOUMAIXUEQUFANGDEBIYAOXING, ZENGJIALEXUEQUFANGDEXUQIU。

              (三) 全面二孩政策对学区房供给的影响分析

              ERSHOUXUEQUFANGSHICHANGJIAOYISHUYUGEJIATINGZHIJIANDEJIAOYI, QIGONGJIDEZHUYAOLAIYUANWEICHIYOUXUEQUFANGDEJIATINGJINXINGDEFANGWUZHUANMAIXINGWEI, YIBANZAIZINVWANCHENGLEYIWUJIEDUANJIAOYUHOU, BUFENJIATINGHUIJIANGCHIYOUDEGAOJIAXUEQUFANGZAISHICHANGSHANGJINXINGCHUSHOU, YIHUANQUGENGDUODEWUZHIZIYUAN。QUANMIANERHAIZHENGCESHISHIHOU, BUFENJIATINGJINXINGERHAISHENGYU, DUIYUYIJINGYOUXUEQUFANGDEJIATINGLAISHUO, XUEQUFANGSHUYUYIJINGZHIFUDEJIAOYUZIYUAN, BINGQIEZINVJIANKEGONGXIANG, ZHEIYIWEIZHEWUXUZAIWEIERHAIGOUZHIXUEQUFANG, RUGUOCISHIJIANGXUEQUFANGCHUSHOU, JINGUANHUIHUANLAIGENGDUODEWUZHIZIYUAN, DANSHIXUYAODUIERHAIDEJIAOYUTOURUGENGDUODEXIAOWAIFEIYONGJISHIJIANCHENGBEN, RUGUOBAOLIUXUEQUFANG, NEIERHAIDEJIAOYUCHENGBENDEDAODADASUOJIAN, SUOYIBENLAIZAIYIHAIJIESHUYIWUJIAOYUJIEDUANSHIJIUKEYIZHUANMAIXUEQUFANGHUANQUGENGDUOJINGJIZIBENDEJIATING, ZAIYOUERHAISHENGYUJIHUADEQINGKUANGXIA, WEILEMANZUERHAIDERUXUEZIGE, JIATINGHUITUICHITUICHUXUEQUFANGDEJIHUA, DAOZHISHICHANGSHANGERSHOUXUEQUFANGDEGONGJIJIANSHAO。

              YISHOUXUEQUFANGDEGONGJIZHUYAOLAIYUANYUXINJIANSHANGPINZHUZHAIHEYOUZHIJIAOYUZIYUANDEJIEHE, YIWEIZHEYAOZENGJIAYOUZHIJIAOYUZIYUANXUEQUFANWEINEIDEGONGJI, YOULIANGGETUJING, ZENGJIAYOUZHIJIAOYUZIYUANHEZENGJIAYIYOUYOUZHIJIAOYUZIYUANXUEQUFANWEINEIXINJIANSHANGPINZHUZHAIDEGONGJI。ZHENGFUSHIGONGGONGWUPINDETIGONGZHE, YIWUJIAOYUJIEDUANDEGONGLIXUEXIAOYEYOUZHENGFUTIGONG。YIBANYOUZHIXUEXIAOWEIQU、SHI、SHENGJIZHONGDIANXUEXIAO, JUYOUBANXIAOSHIJIANZHANG、SHIZILILIANGHAO、XUESHENGZHENGTIZHILIANGGAODENGTEDIAN, ZHENGFURUGUOTOURUZIJINCHUANGBANXINDEXUEXIAO, DUANQINEINANYIJUBEIJIAOHAODESHIZILILIANGJIZHONGDIANPINGJI, BINGQIEYIYOUDEYOUZHIXUEXIAOZAIJIAZHANGDEYINXIANGYIJINGXINGCHENG, JIUSUANTOURUZIJINDAOYIYOUDEPUTONGXUEXIAO, DUANQINEIYENANYIGAIBIANKEBANYINXIANG。YINCI, DUANSHIJIANNEIYOUZHIJIAOYUZIYUANDEXUANZEFANWEIBINGBUHUIYINWEIJIAOYUZIYUANDEZENGJIAERKUODA。CHULEBUFENFANGJIAGUOGAODECHENGSHIWAI, WOGUODABUFENCHENGSHIDEXINJIANSHANGPINZHUZHAISHICHANGSHIXINGYUSHOUZHENGCE, JIGOUMAISHIDEFANGZIWEIQIFANG, ERXUEQUDEHUAFENYIYIYOUZHUZHAIWEIZHUN, JIZAIJIATINGSHOUFANGQUDEFANGCHANZHENGDEQINGKUANGXIA, CAIJUYOUXIANGYINGXUEXIAODERUXUEZIGE。ZHUZHAISHUYUBUDONGCHAN, QIKAIFAYEJUYOUYIDINGZHOUQI, YOUXIEFANGWUJINGUANYIJINGCHUSHOU, DANSHIJULIHUODEFANGCHANZHENGHERUXUEZIGEHAIYOUYIDINGSHIJIAN, DUANQINEIYICHURANGTUDISHANGDEXINJIANXUEQUFANGBUHUIZENGJIA;YIYOUDEYOUZHIXUEXIAODADUOSHUZAIZHONGXINCHENGQUNEI, ZHOUBIANTUDICHAIQIANFEIYONGGAOQIEKUNNANDA, ZHENGFUDETUDICHURANGJIHUAYOUYUTIQIANBIANZHIDECHENGSHIGUIHUAXIANGGUAN, TUDIGONGYINGJIHUABUHUIZAIDUANSHIJIANNEIJINXINGDAFUGENGGAI, YINCIDUANQINEIBUHUIZENGJIAYOUZHIXUEQUFANWEINEIDETUDIGONGJI。ZONGHEKEZHI, DUANQINEIYOUZHIXUEXIAONANYIZENGJIA、YICHURANGTUDIXUEQUFANGGONGJIXUYAOYIDINGSHIJIAN、XUEQUFANWEINEITUDIGONGYINGXUZUNXUNCHENGSHIGUIHUA, YINCIQUANMIANERHAIZHENGCEBUHUIDAILAIYISHOUFANGGONGJIDEZENGJIA。JIEHEXUEQUFANGDEYISHOUFANGHEERSHOUFANGSHICHANG, QUANMIANERHAIZHENGCEZHENGTISHANGJIANSHAOLEXUEQUFANGDESHICHANGGONGJI。

              (四) 供需变化下学区房价格变化分析

              GENJUGONGXUJIAGELILUNKEZHI, SHANGPINJUNHENGJIAGETONGSHISHOUDAOXUQIUHEGONGJIYINGXIANG, XUQIUZENGJIAJIAGESHANGZHANG, GONGJIZENGJIAJIAGEXIAJIANG。QUANMIANERHAIZHENGCEDAILAILEXUEQUFANGXUQIUDEZENGJIAHEGONGJIDEXIAJIANG, ERXUQIUZENGJIAHEGONGJIXIAJIANGDOUHUIDAILAIJIAGEDESHANGSHENG, YINCIZAIXUQIUHEGONGJISHUANGZHONGBIANHUAXIA, QUANMIANERHAIZHENGCETUIDONGLEXUEQUFANGJIAGEDESHANGZHANG。

              三、对策建议

            星云棋牌官网下载   JIYUYISHANGFENXIKEZHI, ZHENGCEXIAXUEQUFANGJIAGESHANGZHANGZHUYAOYUANYINSHIGONGXUBUPINGHENG, YINCICONGGONGJIHEXUQIUJIAODUTICHUYIXIAJIANYI: (1) ZENGJIAXUEQUFANGGONGJI, MANZUQUANMIANERHAIZHENGCEXIAJIATINGDUIYUXUEQUFANGDEXUQIU。BAOKUOTISHENGPUTONGXUEXIAOJIAOXUESHUIPING、XINJIANYOUZHIXUEXIAODENG; (2) GULIGAOZHILIANGMINBANJIAOYUDEFAZHAN, JIANGDIXUEQUFANGXUQIU。ZHENGFUDUIMINBANXUEXIAOJINXINGZHENGCEZHICHI, TIGAOQIRENKEDU, JIANGDIJIATINGDUIYUGONGLIXUEXIAODEYILAI, JIANSHAOXUEQUFANGXUQIU。

              参考文献

              [1]黄道主, 许锋华.扣问教育公平——从学区房现象谈起[J].基础教育, 2010, 07 (11) :7-10.
              [2]卢为民, 张琳薇.学区房问题的根源与破解路径探析[J].教育发展研究, 2015 (15) :13-17.
              [3]李世奇, 马焕灵.天价学区房现象批判——兼谈就近入学政策[J].当代教育科学, 2014 (02) :45-48.
              [4]郑磊, 王思檬.学校选择、教育服务资本化与居住区分割——对“就近入学”政策的一种反思[J].教育与经济, 2014 (06) :25-32.
              [5]许龙龙.“单独二孩”政策背景下城镇独生子女家庭生育意愿及其影响因素研究[D].云南师范大学, 2015.

              胡晓霞.浅析全面二孩政策对学区房价格的影响[J].现代营销(下旬刊),2019(06):244-245.
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