星云棋牌官网下载

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                            快速老龄化下独生子女的父母养老问题探讨

                            时间:2019-01-10 来源:中国老年学杂志 作者:蒋月萍,王净 本文字数:6545字

                              关键词: 计划生育; 独生子女家庭; 养老问题; 老龄化;

                              XIZONGSHUJIZAISHIJIUDABAOGAOZHONG,TICHUJIANG“JIANKANGZHONGGUOZUOWEIGUOJIAZHANLVE”,CUJIN“RENKOUHONGLI”GENGDUOZHUANHUAWEI“JIANKANGHONGLI”,YIJIANGDIRENKOULAOLINGHUADUILAODONGLIJIEGOUDEFUMIANYINGXIANG,YANZHANGZHONGYAOZHANLVEJIYUQI[1]。YIFANGMIAN,WOGUORENKOUJIEGOUZHENGZAIJINGLIZHONGDABIANHUA,RENKOULAOLINGHUAWENTIRIYIYANZHONG,LAOLINGCHENGDUJINYIBUJIASHEN,“WEIFUXIANLAO”DEQINGKUANGDAOZHIWOGUOYANGLAOWENTIMIANLINJUDATIAOZHAN。LINGYIFANGMIAN,1980NIANTICHU“YIDUIFUFUZHISHENGYUYIGEHAIZI”DEDUSHENGZINVZHENGCE,1982NIANWOGUOJIANGJIHUASHENGYUZUOWEIYIXIANGJIBENGUOCEDEYIQUANMIANGUANCHE。RUJIN,DIYIDAIDUSHENGZINVZHENGLUXUHUNLIANYUZI,DUSHENGZINVFUMUZHUJIANBURULAONIANJIEDUAN,DUSHENGZINVJIATINGYANGLAOYANRANCHENGWEIDANGXIAWOGUOJIDAIJIEJUEDENANTI。BENWENZHUYAOTANTAORENKOUKUAISULAOLINGHUABEIJINGXIADUSHENGZINVJIATINGDEYANGLAOWENTI。

                              1、 相关概念界定

                            星云棋牌官网下载   DUSHENGZINVZHIDESHIYIDUIFUFUZHISHENGYUYIGEHAIZI[2],DUSHENGZINVMEIYOUTONGBAOXIONGDIZIMEI。DUSHENGZINVJIATINGDEYANGLAOWENTIYOULIANGZHONGJIBENSHIYI,QIYI,SHIZHIYIJINGHUOZHEJIJIANGMAIRULAONIANJIEDUANDEDUSHENGZINVFUMUDEYANGLAOWENTI;QIER,SHIZHIXIANYOUDUSHENGZINVBENSHENDUIYUZIJIWEILAIDEYANGLAOWENTI[3]。YOUYUDIYIDAIDUSHENGZINVSHANGCAIJINRUHUNYUJIEDUAN,DUIQIYANGLAOWENTIDEDANYOUHUISUIZHESHEHUIDEFEISUFAZHANCHUXIANZHUDUOBIANHUA。

                              2、 研究背景与缘由

                              2.1、 人口老龄化加剧,“未富先老”情形凸显

                              RENKOULAOLINGHUASHIWOGUOZAISHEHUIZHUANXINGQIBUKENIZHUANDEXINCHANGTAI,YISHISHEHUIWENMINGHEJINBUDEZHONGYAOBIAOZHI。TONGSHI,SUIZHEWOGUOLAONIANRENKOUCHIXUZENGJIA,RENKOULAOLINGHUAFENGXIANJIJUTIGAO,YINCIDAILAIDEYIXILIESHEHUIWENTI,CHENGWEIDANGJINSHEHUIWUFABIMIANDEYANJUNTIAOZHAN。

                            星云棋牌官网下载   GUOJISHANG,JU《SHIJIERENKOUZHANWANG》BAOGAOSHENGCHENG,DAO21SHIJIMOSHISHIJIERENKOUJIANGJIYOUKENENGTUPOBAIYIDAGUAN,JIESHILAOLINGRENKOUBILIJIANGDADAO24.7%[4]。KEJIAN,YIZHAOZHEIZHONGRENKOUQUSHIFAZHANXIAQU,LAONIANRENKOUDESHULIANGJIANGZAIYIDINGCHENGDUSHANGCHAOGUOERTONG,ZHEIJIANGSHIYIZHONGQIANSUOWEIYOUDEXIANXIANG。ZAIGUONEI,LAOLINGHUAJINCHENGYEXIANGJIJIAKUAI,LAOLINGRENKOUSUOZHANWOGUOZONGRENKOUBIZHONGZHENGZAIBUDUANSHANGSHENG,JUTONGJI,JIEZHI2016NIANDI,QUANGUO65SUIJIYISHANGRENKOUWEI1.500 3YIREN,ZHANZONGRENKOUDE10.8%;LAOLINGRENKOUSHULIANGZHENGZAIYILINGRENJINGTANDESUDUJIJUSHANGZHANG,YUJIDAO2020NIAN,WOGUO60SUIYISHANGLAONIANRENKOUBILIJIANGDADAO17%YISHANG,80SUIYISHANGLAONIANRENKOUJIANGDA2 700WANREN[5]。WOGUODERENKOULAOLINGHUA、GAOLINGHUATEZHENGJIANGYUFAMINGXIAN,LAOLINGHUADESUDUYUCHENGDUJIANGZAIWEILAIPANDENGRENKOUXUEDEXINGAOFENG。

                              2.2 、独生子女数量庞大,失独、双独家庭比例上升

                              我国的计划生育政策实施30多年以来,独生子女父母积极响应国家与政府的号召,由此产生了数以亿计的独生子女。专家估算,我国的独生子女人数以每年大约500万的速度急剧递增,独生子女户数已经达到了全国家庭总数的1/3,其中涉及的直接人口大概5亿左右[3],我国即将迎来“独子养老”的时代。据调查,第一代独生子女大多已经进入了婚育阶段,他们所组成的家庭数量不断增加,形成了典型的双独家庭结构,加之独生子女父母正步入老年时期,其养老问题迫在眉睫,给独生子女们带来了沉重的负担。计划生育政策犹如一把双刃剑,在带来益处的同时,也不免呈现出相应的弊端。譬如,独生子女的唯一性与不可替代性使得独生子女家庭显得尤其脆弱,其父母养老面临着空前的风险。资料显示,我国年龄15~30岁的独生子女中每年有7.6万人亡故[6],这意味着每年至少有7.6万个家庭要遭受残忍的失独之痛。处于这个风险社会中,独生子女的生命安全面临着威胁,许多不可知因素的悄然发生,造成独生子女的意外伤亡,给独生子女父母养老造成了难以预料的困境。
                             

                            快速老龄化下独生子女的父母养老问题探讨
                             

                              3 、独生子女家庭的现状

                              3.1、 独生子女家庭呈现“四二一”、“四二二”结构模式

                            星云棋牌官网下载   SHUANGDUFUQIZUOWEI“SIERYI”JIATINGDEHEXIN,SHILIANJIEGEFANGBUKEHUOQUEDENIUDAI。CONGRENKOUXUEJIAODUCHUFA,ZHEIZHONG“JIJIKEWEI”DEDAOJINZITAJIEGOUYIJINGRIQUCHENGWEIXIANDAIJIATINGDEZHULIUXINGSHI,SHIDEJIATINGJIEGOUYUFA“XIAOXINGHUA”“KONGCHAOHUA”。SUIZHE“SIERYI”JIATINGJIEGOUDESHULIANGZHUBUZENGJIA,DUSHENGZINVJIATINGDEYANGLAOYALIYUFATUXIAN,POSHIYUELAIYUEDUODEDUSHENGZINVBENBOYUGONGZUOYUJIATINGZHIJIAN,NANYIPINGHENG,SHENXINJUPI。2016NIAN,WOGUODUIJIHUASHENGYUZHENGCEJINXINGLEJIAODADIAOZHENG,TICHANGYIDUIFUQISHENGYULIANGGEHAIZI,ZHICIXUANGAOLEDUSHENGZINVZHENGCEDECHEDIZHONGJIE。SUIZHEQUANMIANERHAIZHENGCEDEKAIFANG,XINGCHENGLEXINSHIDAIDE“SIERER”JIATINGJIEGOU,YOUYUZIDAISHULIANGZENGJIA,SHUANGDUFUQIJIANGGENGDUODESHIJIANYUJINGLIHUAFEIZAILEHAIZISHENSHANG,CONGERGENGJIAWULIGUANZHUFUMUDEZHUANGKUANG,DUSHENGZINVFUMUYANGLAOWENTICHIXUXINGJIAJU。

                              3.2、 独生子女与父母居住方式改变

                              YUANYUWOGUODANGQIANDEJINGJIFAZHANQINGXING,JIAZHIGENSHENDIGUDE“YANGERFANGLAO”GUANNIAN,JIATINGYANGLAORENGRANZHANZHUTIDIWEI,CHENGWEIWOGUODUSHENGZINVJIATINGDEZHUYAOYANGLAOFANGSHI。

                            星云棋牌官网下载   JUZILIAO[7]XIANSHI,DADUOSHUDUSHENGZINVDOUWEIYUFUMUJUZHUZAIYIQI,JIUQIYUANYINYOUER。QIYI,SUIZHESHEHUIDEJINBU,DUSHENGZINVFUMUJIANGGENGDUODEZIYUANYUJINGLITOUZHUZAIHAIZIDEJIAOYUSHANG,RUJIN,DUSHENGZINVBIYEHOU,GENGYUANYILIUZAIDOUSHIDAPINFENDOU、JIEHUNSHENGZI,CONGERYUQIFUMUFENGELIANGDI;QIER,YOUYUDUSHENGZINVJIESHOUJIAOYUSHUIPINGXIANGDUIFUMUJIAOGAO,ZAIGUANNIANSHANGQINGXIANGYUDULI,YUFUMUDECHUANTONGSIXIANGCHANSHENGGEHE,YINCITAMENHUIXUANZEZIJIDANZHU,ZHENGTUOFUMUDESHUFUYUXIANZHI。CONGERSHIDEDUSHENGZINVWUFAJIYUFUMUSUOXUDESHENGHUOZHAOLIAO,JIDUSHENGZINVJIATINGYANGLAOZAOCHENGJUDAKUNRAO。

                              4、 独生子女家庭的养老问题研究

                              4.1 、独生子女家庭的养老意愿研究

                              DUIYANGLAOYIYUANDESHIYI,DADUOSHUXUEZHEDOUQINGXIANGYU:YANGLAOYIYUANSHILAONIANRENDUILAONIANSHENGHUODEZIZHUANPAIQINGXIANG,YISHILAONIANRENDUIYANGLAOXUQIUZUIZHIGUAN、ZUIXIANSHIDEFANYING[8]。

                            星云棋牌官网下载   ZAIWOGUO,ZHONGDUODUSHENGZINVFUMUYIJIUCHIYOU“YANGERFANGLAO”DECHUANTONGGUANNIAN,JINGUANSUIZHESHEHUIDEJINBUYUFAZHAN,YIXIEFUMUZHUJIANJIESHOUQITADEYANGLAOFANGSHI,DANCHUANCHENGQIANNIANDEGUANNIANZAIDUANSHIJIANSHIWUFABEICHEDIGAIBIANDE。LIUYADENG[8]CONGYANGLAOYILAIDUIXIANG、YANGLAOJINGJILAIYUANDENGDUINONGCUNDUHAIFUMUJINXINGTANXI,FAXIANYINGXIANGQIYANGLAOYIYUANDEYINSUZHUYAOWEI“NONGCUNFAZHANSHUIPINGLUOHOU,YANGLAOBAOZHANGSHUIPINGDI,WUFAWEIDUHAIJIATINGTIGONGGENGJIAYOUHUADEYANGLAOFUWU”DEKEGUANYINSUJI“DUHAIFUMUDENIANLING、XINGBIE、JIAOYUCHENGDUDENGDOUDUIQIYANGLAOYIYUANYOUXIANZHEYINGXIANG”DEZHUGUANYINSU。JUTANGLIPINGDENG[9]CONGYANGLAOJINGJIDASUAN、YANGLAOJUZHUDASUANHEYANGLAODANXINDUSANGEWEIDUDUINONGCUNDUSHENGZINVFUMUYANGLAOYIYUANDESHIZHENGFENXI,FAXIANNONGCUNSHEHUIYANGLAOBAOXIANBUJINJUYOUJINGJIXIAOYONG,HAIJUYOUXINXINXIAOYONG。WANGCUIRONG[10]TICHU,NONGCUNDUSHENGZINVFUMUDEJINGJIFENGXIAN、KONGCHAOFENGXIANHESHIDUFENGXIANYEHUIBUTONGCHENGDUDIYINGXIANGQIYANGLAOYIYUAN。JIJINGYAO[11]FENXILEJINGJIZIPINGZHUANGKUANG、ZHUGUANLAOHUATAIDUDENGSHEHUIJINGJIHEZHUGUANTAIDUYINSUXIANZHEYINGXIANGDUSHENGZINVJIATINGDEYANGLAOYIYUAN。

                              4.2、 独生子女家庭的养老模式研究

                              DUSHENGZINVFUMUSUIZHENIANLINGDEZENGZHANG,GAOLINGHUA、SHINENGHUADENGWENTIXIANGJICHUXIAN,YINCIZAITANLUNDAODUSHENGZINVJIATINGYANGLAOSHI,BIRANHUIBANSUIZHE“ZAINAERYANGLAO?HESHEIJUZHU?”DEWENTI。

                            星云棋牌官网下载   FENGXIAOTIAN[12]JINGGUORUOGANCIQUANGUOFANWEINEIDESHIDICHOUYANGDIAOCHAFAXIAN,ZINVDEHUNYINZHUANGKUANG、GONGZUODIDIANDENGSHIYINGXIANGDUSHENGZINVJIATINGYANGLAOMOSHIDEZHUYAOYINSU。CHUANTONGDEJUJIAYANGLAOMOSHIZAIZHONGGUOSHEHUIZHONGCHUANCHENGSHUBAINIAN,JINGUANZAISHEHUIZHUANXINGQIDEBEIJINGXIAZHEIZHONGCHUANTONGDEYANGLAOMOSHIYIRANZHANJUZHUDAODIWEI。WANGSHUXINDENG[13]JIYUZAIBEIJING、JILIN、SHANDONGDUI888HUDUSHENGZINVJIATINGDEDIAOCHASHUJUXIANSHI,DIYIDAIDUSHENGZINVFUMUJINRULAONIANHOUSHOUXUANYANGLAOFANGSHIRENGSHIJUJIAYANGLAO。LIFANGDENG[14]FAXIAN,XUANZEZIWOYANGLAOYUJIATINGYANGLAODENGYANGLAOMOSHIDEYINSUZHUYAOYUDUSHENGZINVFUMUDESHOUJIAOYUCHENGDU、JIATINGCHENGYUANJISHIFOUCANBAOYOUGUAN。

                              4.3、 独生子女家庭的养老风险研究

                              JIHUASHENGYUZHENGCESHIWOGUOSHUNLIBAITUOLE“RENKOUWEIJI”,WEIJINGJIDEKUAISUZENGZHANGYUSHEHUIDEHEXIEANDINGZUOCHULEBUKEMOMIEDEGONGXIAN。DANTONGSHIYEJIASULE“SHAOZILAOLINGHUA”“GAOLINGHUA”,XINGCHENGLEWOGUOWEIFUXIANLAO、WEIBEIXIANLAODEGUOQING,SHIDUSHENGZINVJIATINGMIANLINZHEJUDADEYANGLAOFENGXIAN。

                            星云棋牌官网下载   LUNJIDUSHENGZINVJIATINGDEYANGLAOFENGXIANSHI,SHIDUJIDUSHENGZINVSHANGWANGJIATINGCHENGWEIZHONGDIANDUIXIANG。DUIYUZHEIYILEIJIATINGERYAN,JIATINGYANGLAONENGLIJIJUXUEJIAN,DAILAINANYIYULIAODEJIATINGWEIJI,DAOZHIQIFUMUDEWANNIANSHENGHUOBUKANZHONGFU。XUEZHEMENJIYUDUIDUSHENGZINVSHANGWANGJIATINGWENJUANDIAOCHAFENXI,SONGJIAN[15]TICHUZHENGFUYINGDANGCHENGDANXIANGYINGDEZEREN,CHU“QUANGUODUSHENGZINVSHANGCANSIWANGJIATINGFUZHUZHIDU”WAI,DIFANGRENMINZHENGFUKEGENJUZISHENSHILI,JIYUBIYAODEBUZHU,TONGSHIYINGZHIDINGSHIDUJIATINGYOUHUIZHENGCE,JIANLI“SHIDU”FUMUYANGLAOHUZHUHULIJIGOUDENG。WANGXIUGENDENG[16]HUYUYAOJIZAOGUANZHUDUSHENGZINVSHANGWANGXIANXIANG,BINGJIANYIDUIYIWAISHANGWANGDEDUSHENGZINVFUMUCAIQUJINGJIBUCHANGHUOJINGSHENGUANAIDENGFANGMIANDECUOSHI。KEJIAN,SHIDUJIATINGDEYANGLAOWENTIPOZAIMEIJIE,ZHENGFUHESHEHUIDUIQIJIATINGYOUXIAOGUIBIYANGLAOFENGXIANSHIZAIBIXING。

                            星云棋牌官网下载   SUIZHEDUSHENGZINVWAICHUQIUXUE、JIEHUNSHENGZI,XINGCHENGLEDIANXINGDE“KONGCHAOJIATING”。MIANDUIZHIYOUYIGEHAIZIDESHISHI,QIJIATINGYIBUZAIJUBEICHUANTONGDEJIATINGYANGLAOJICHU,DUSHENGZINVFUMUBUDEBUJINGLIGENGZHANGSHIJIANDE“KONGCHAO”SHENGHUO。XUJUNDENG[17]CONGJINGJIGONGJI、SHENGHUOZHAOHUHEJINGSHENWEIJIEDENGFANGMIANDUIDUSHENGZINVJIATINGDEYANGLAOFENGXIANJINXINGYANJIU,RENWEI“KONGCHAO”JIATINGNANYIWEILAORENTIGONGSHENGHUOZHAOLIAO。LEZHANGDENG[18]RENWEIDUSHENGZINVJIATINGMIANLINWUZHIYUJINGSHENDESHUANGZHONGTIAOZHAN,YOUQI“KONGCHAO”JIATINGHUIZAOYUYANGLAOZIYUANYANZHONGXIQUEDEFENGXIAN。

                              4.4 、独生子女家庭的养老保障研究

                              ZAI2009NIANWOGUOSHIXINGXINXINGNONGCUNSHEHUIYANGLAOBAOXIANSHIDIANGONGZUOYILAI,DUSHENGZINVJIATINGDEYANGLAOBAOZHANGYANRANCHENGWEIXUEZHENAIZHIGEJIEZHENGXIANGTAOLUNDEREDIAN。

                              ZHENDUIDUSHENGZINVJIATINGDEYANGLAOBAOZHANGWENTI,ZHANGQIAN[19]TONGGUODUICHENGSHIDUSHENGZINVFUMUYANGLAOFUWUDETANXI,TICHUWOGUOYINGJIANQUANYANGLAOZHENGCEFAGUIBAOZHANG、WANSHANDUIYANGLAOFUWUDEGUANLITIZHIHETUOKUANYANGLAOZIJINCHOUCUOQUDAODENGJIANYI。JIYUGONGGONGCAIZHENGDESHIJIAO,WANGYIZHE[20]RENWEIYINGDANGJIANLIDUSHENGZINVFUMUJINGJIBUZHUYUTUIXIUJINGUDINGBILIZHIDU,BINGGOUJIANDUSHENGZINVGONGBANYANGLAOYUAN,JIANSHAOQIFUMUWANNIANGUDUGANYUSHILUOGAN。JINNIANLAI,YEYOUYUELAIYUEDUODEYANJIUKAISHIJUJIAOYUDUSHENGZINVJIATINGYILIAOBAOXIANYUYANGLAOBAOXIANDENGWENTI。

                              4.5、 独生子女家庭的养老心态研究

                              DUIYUWOGUODUSHENGZINVJIATINGDEYANGLAOXINTAIDEXIANGGUANYANJIU,FENGXIAOTIAN[12]LIYONGDUIQUANGUOWUDACHENGSHI1 005MINGZHUNLAONIANRENDEDIAOCHAZILIAO,DUIWOGUODIYIDAIDUSHENGZINVDEYANGLAOXINTAIHERENSHIJINXINGLEJUTIDEFENXI,JIEGUOBIAOMING,DUSHENGZINVFUMUMENYIJINGCHUXIANLEYANGLAOGUANNIANDEZHUANBIAN,TAMENJUYOUJIJILEGUANDEYANGLAOXINTAIYURENSHI。TONGYANGDI,XUJUN[21]JIYU2011NIANJIANGSU、SICHUANSHENGLIANGSHENG720HUZHONGLAONIANNONGMINDIAOCHASHUJU,DUINONGCUNDIYIDAIDUSHENGZINVFUMUDEYANGLAOXINTAIJINXINGLETANSUOXINGFENXI,FAXIANHUNYINZHUANGKUANG、QINZIGUANXI、ZINVHUNHOUZHICHIBIANHUA、JUZHUTIAOJIANJISHENGHUOMANYIDUDENGKENENGSHIXIANZHEYINGXIANGDUSHENGZINVYANGLAOXINTAIDEZHONGYAOYINSU。

                              4.6 、独生子女家庭的养老担忧研究

                            星云棋牌官网下载   TANJIUDUSHENGZINVFUMUDEYANGLAODANYOU,YOULIYUWEIWOGUOWEILAISHUYIWANJIDEDUSHENGZINVJIATINGDEYANGLAOTIGONGJIEJIAN,TONGSHIWEIXIANGGUANBUMENZHIDINGDUSHENGZINVYANGLAOZHENGCEZHIMINGFANGXIANG。

                              ZAIDUSHENGZINVFUMUDUIYANGLAODANXINDEWENTISHANG,HAOJINGDENG[22]JIYU2015NIANDIYIDAIDUSHENGZINVJIATINGDIAOCHA,DUIQIFUMUDEYANGLAODANXINZHUANGKUANGJIQIYINGXIANGYINSUJINXINGYANJIUFAXIAN,ZIDAIZHICHIDUIFUMUDEDANXINDUYOUZHEZHONGYAOYINGXIANG,JINYIBANDEDUSHENGZINVFUMUDANXINZIJIWEILAIDEYANGLAOSHENGHUO,ERQIZHONGDADUOSHUDEDANXINLAIYUANYUSHENGHUOZHAOLIAOHEJINGJIGONGJIDEWENTI。WANGSHUXINDENG[23]RENWEI,ZAILAORENDESHENGHUOZHAOLIAOHEJINGSHENWEIJIEFANGMIAN,DUSHENGZINVFUMUGERENSUOXIANGYOUDESHEHUIBAOZHANG、JIATINGJINGJIZHUANGKUANG、ZISHENJIANKANGZHUANGKUANGJIJIATINGYANGLAOZIYUANDUIYANGLAOJIAOLVJUYOUYIDINGCHENGDUDEYINGXIANG。LINGYOUYANJIUXIANSHI,3/4DEDUSHENGZINVFUMUDOUJIANGSHENGBINGZHAOLIAOHERICHANGSHENGHUOZHAOLIAOKANZUOSHILAONIANSHENGHUODEZUIDADANYOU,DANTONGSHIYEDUIDUSHENGZINVSHANYANGZIJISUOMIANLINDEGEFANGKUNNANBIAOSHILIJIE。

                              5、 独生子女家庭的养老研究之评论与展望

                              TONGGUOJINXIENIANLAIGUONEIDUIDUSHENGZINVJIATINGJIFUMUYANGLAOWENTIXIANGGUANYANJIUZILIAODEHUIGU,NENGGOUCHUBUFENXICIYANJIUDEJINZHANYUJUXIANXING,BINGZAICIJICHUSHANGYOUZHENDUIDITICHUDUIWEILAIDUSHENGZINVJIATINGYANGLAOWENTIYANJIUDEZHANWANG。

                              5.1、 国内独生子女家庭的养老问题研究之进展

                              SUIZHEWOGUOSHEHUIDEFEISUJINBUYUFAZHAN,DUSHENGZINVJIATINGDEYANGLAOWENTIYIXIANDEYOUWEITUCHU。RUHEYOUXIAODIBANGZHUDUSHENGZINVFUMUSHUNLIDUGUOWANNIANSHENGHUOSHIDANGXIAWOGUOJIDAIJIEJUEDENANTI。DUICI,GEJIEYETICHULEXIANGYINGDEDUICE,RENWEIDUSHENGZINVJIATING、ZHENGFUYUSHEHUIYINGDANGGONGTONGCHENGDANQIQIYANGLAOFENGXIANDEZHIZE:①CONGZHENGFUCENGMIAN,XUJIYUDUSHENGZINVJIATINGYANGLAOZUGOUDEZHONGSHI,JIAQIANGYUWANSHANXIANGGUANFUCHIZHENGCE,BAOZHANGDUSHENGZINVFUMUYANGLAOFUWU;②CONGSHEHUICENGMIAN,XUTISHENGDUIDUSHENGZINVJIJISHANYANGLAORENDEJIAOYUYINDAO,GULIDUSHENGZINVFUMUJIJICANYUSHEQUHUODONG,SHIXIANZISHENJIAZHI;③CONGDUSHENGZINVFUMUDEJIAODU,YINGJINKUAIGAIBIANCHUANTONGJIATINGYANGLAODEGUANNIAN,JIESHOUSHEHUIYANGLAODEXINFANGSHI,BINGWEIZIJIJIANGLAIDEYANGLAOZUOHAOCHONGFENDEZHUNBEI,WEIYUCHOUMOU,BA“YIKAOZINV”BIANCHENG“YIKAOZIJI”,JIANG“YILAIYANGLAO”ZHUANWEI“DULIYANGLAO”[24];QISI,DUIYUDUSHENGZINVBENSHEN,YINGZUODAO“CHANGHUIJIAKANKAN”,JIYUFUMUJIBENDESHENGHUOZHAOLIAOJIJINGSHENWEIJIE。

                              5.2、 独生子女家庭的养老问题研究之局限

                              CONGSHANGSHUWENXIANZHONG,KEYIKANCHUWOGUODUIYUDUSHENGZINVJIATINGDEYANGLAOWENTIDETANXIZHUYAOJIZHONGYULILUNYANJIU,ERSHENRUDUSHENGZINVBENSHENJIQIFUMUDESHIZHENGDIAOCHASHIFENXISHAO。ZAIZHEIXIEYANJIUZHONG,JUEDADUOSHUYOUDOUQINGXIANGYUDUICHENGSHIDUSHENGZINVJIATINGXIANGGUANYANGLAOWENTIDEFENXI,QUEFADUINONGCUNDUSHENGZINVJIATINGDETANTAO。

                              ZAIWOGUOXIANYOUZILIAOZHONG,DUIDUSHENGZINVJIATINGDEYANGLAOWENTIYANJIUQUEFAYISHIZHENGFENXIZUOWEIZHICHI,LILUNSHANGWEIYUSHIJIJINMIJIEHEQILAI,MEIYOUSHUJUZUOWEIZHICHENGDEWENZHANGYUXIANSHIXIANGHUTUOJIE,ZHEIWUYIHUIZAIYANJIUSHICHUXIAN“TOUZHONGJIAOQING”DESHIHENGQINGXING,DAOZHIWEILAICIXIANGYANJIUDEFAZHANQUESHAOYIDINGDEXINFULI。LINGWAI,YOUYUWOGUOZHANGQIDECHENGXIANGERYUANJINGJISHEHUIGEJU,SHIDEWOGUODECHENGXIANGFAZHANJUYOUYIDINGDECHAYI,DANDUINONGCUNDUSHENGZINVJIATINGDEDIAOCHAXIANGDUICHENGSHINANDUJIAODA、FENBUJIAOGUANG,JIAZHINONGCUNDUSHENGZINVFUMUZAISHOUJIAOYUCHENGDU、ZHENGCELEJIEDENGZHUDUOFANGMIANJIAOCHENGSHILUOHOU,YINCIDUIYUNONGCUNDUSHENGZINVJIATINGDEYANGLAODENGFANGMIANDEYANJIUHAISHANGCUNBUZU。

                              5.3、 未来独生子女家庭的养老问题研究之展望

                            星云棋牌官网下载   WEILAIDUIDUSHENGZINVJIATINGDEYANGLAOWENTIDETANJIURENGRANSHIJIEJUEWOGUOSHEHUIWENTIDEZHONGZHONGZHIZHONG。YIFANGMIAN,XIANYOUDESHIZHENGDIAOCHAJIAOSHAO,BINGQIEDUOSHUYIXIANGDUIFADADEYI、ERXIANCHENGSHIWEILIZHENG,DANWOGUODEZHONGXIBUFAZHANJUYOUXIANZHEDEBUTONG,GEGECHENGSHIZHIJIANDUSHENGZINVFUMUYANGLAODEJIEGUOBUNENGYIGAIERLUN,YINCI,YINGJIADAGELEICHENGSHIDESHIZHENGYANJIU,ZAIBUTONGDIQUJINXINGDAGUIMO、DAFANWEIDEDINGLIANGDIAOCHA,ZAILILUNKUANGJIAZUGOUCHENGSHUDEJICHUSHANG,LIANXISHIJILUNZHENGXIANDEYOUWEIBIYAO。

                              LINGYIFANGMIAN,JIAQIANGDUSHENGZINVYUDUOZINVJIATINGDEBIJIAOYANJIU,CONGSHEHUIDAIJIZHICHIDEJIAODU,MINGQUEGEYANGLAOZHUTIDEZEREN,JIAQIANGZHENGFUDEGUANLIZHIZE,DUIYUDUSHENGZINVSHANGCAN、SIWANGDENGTESHUJIATINGJIYUYINGYOUDEZHAOGU,ZHIDINGXIANGYINGDEFUZHUZHENGCE;TONGGUODUILIANGLEIJIONGYIJIATINGJINXINGDUIBIYANJIU,TUOZHANDUSHENGZINVFUMUYANGLAODEXINTUJING,YITIDAICHUANTONGJIATINGYANGLAOMOSHIDEBORUO。

                              ZUIHOU,JIADADUINONGCUNDUSHENGZINVFUMUYANGLAOWENTIDEXIANGGUANYANJIU,WOGUOCHENGSHIYUNONGCUNFAZHANCHAYIXIANZHE,CHENGXIANGDUSHENGZINVJIATINGZHIJIANDESHENGCHANXINGSHI、SHENGHUOFANGSHI、YANGLAOXINTAIDENGGEJUBUTONG,YIXIANYOUCHENGSHIDUSHENGZINVFUMUDEYANGLAOXINTAIDENGJIELUNLEITUICHUNONGCUNDUHAIJIATINGYANGLAOJIEGUOXIANRANSHIBUSHIYIDE,GUJIADADUINONGCUNDUSHENGZINVFUMUYANGLAOWENTIDEXIANGGUANYANJIUSHIZAIBIXING。

                              JISHIWOGUOXIANJINDUIDUSHENGZINVJIATINGDEYANGLAOWENTIDETANTAOJIAOWEIKUIFA,DANSUIZHEKEXUEJISHUDEBUDUANFAZHAN,BIZHEXIANGXINZAIGEJIEDEGONGTONGNULIXIA,TONGGUOSHENRUCHENGXIANGDUIYANJIUDUIXIANGDEJUTIDIAOCHA,YIJIWANGLUODASHUJUDENGFANGSHI,DUIDUSHENGZINVJIATINGDESHIZHENGYANJIUZHONGJIANGQINGXI,DUSHENGZINVFUMUDESHEHUIYANGLAOYEJIANGDEDAOGENGQUANMIANDEBAOZHANG。

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                              蒋月萍,王净.独生子女家庭养老问题[J].中国老年学杂志,2019,39(23):5863-5867.
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