星云棋牌官网下载

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                    笔迹鉴定人员工作现状与自我保护措施

                    时间:2019-01-15 来源:法制博览 作者:司徒夏莹 本文字数:3377字

                      摘    要:星云棋牌官网下载 笔迹鉴定作为司法鉴定的组成部分,不仅应用在刑事案件的侦破上,还在民事案件的诉讼中有突出作用。但是当前我国的笔迹鉴定工作中还存在着许多不规范的行为,会对案件的侦破、判决造成误导,这无疑会降低民众对司法机关的信任度,甚至会引发“法闹”事件,对笔迹鉴定人员造成不利影响,严重的还会危及笔迹鉴定人员的人身安全。基于此,本文首先阐述了笔迹鉴定工作的重要性,然后分析了当前笔迹鉴定人员工作中存在的问题,最后探讨了笔迹鉴定人员自我保护的有效措施。以此来供相关人员交流参考。

                      关键词:星云棋牌官网下载 笔迹鉴定人员; 自我保护; 具体措施;

                      BIJIJIANDINGZAIXINGSHIANJIANDEZHENPOHEMINSHIANJIANDESUSONGZHONGDOUYOUZHEBIJIAOZHONGYAODEZUOYONG,JIANDINGSUODEJIELUNJINGCHANGZUOWEIANJIANDEZHONGYAOZHENGJU,DUIANJIANDEJINZHANYOUDAOXIANGXINGZUOYONG。DANSHIDANGQIANWOGUODEBIJIJIANDINGGONGZUOHAICUNZAIZHEYIXIEWENTI,QIESUIZHEBIJIJIANDINGYIJIANZAIANJIANZHONGDEZUOYONGYUJIAMINGXIAN,BIJIJIANDINGGONGZUORENYUANYEZHUJIANBEIGONGZHONGSUOGUANZHU,ZHEIDUIJIANDINGRENYUANDEANQUANSHIHENBULIDE。NEIMERUHECAIQUYOUXIAOCUOSHIDIAOZHENGDANGQIANGONGZUOZHONGDEBUZU,BINGQIEJIAQIANGGONGZUORENYUANDEZIWOBAOHUYISHI,SHIDANGQIANXIANGGUANCONGYEZHEXUYAOJINXINGTANSUOYANJIUDE。

                      一、笔迹鉴定的重要性

                    星云棋牌官网下载   BIJIJIANDINGSHISIFAJIANDINGDEZHONGYAOZUCHENG,SHISIFAJIANDINGRENJIEHEXINLI、WENZIDENGZHUANYEZHISHIDUIZIJIJINXINGJIANBIE,QUEDINGLIANGZHONGZIJISHIFOUCUNZAIXIANGSI,SHIFOUDUIJIANCAISHANGDEZIJIJINXINGTUGAI、TIANJIAYIJIZUOSHOUSHUXIEDENGXINGWEIJINXINGJIANBIEDEYIZHONGZHUANYESHOUDUAN。ZAIXINGSHIANJIANZHONG,BIJIJIANBIENENGGOUCHENGWEIZHENPOANJIANDEZHENGJU,ZAIMINSHISUSONGZHONG,HENDUOHETONG、WENJIANDEWEIZAO、BIANZAOYEDUOSHITONGGUOBIJIJIANDINGFENBIANCHULAIDE,DUISUSONGANJIANDEGONGPINGCAIJUEYENENGQIYIDINGDEBANGZHUZUOYONG。KEXUE、GONGZHENG、ZHENSHIDEBIJIJIANBIE,NENGGOUBANGZHUHAIYUANSHIJIANDEZHENXIANG,YOULIYUDAJIFANZUI,WEIHUSIFAGONGZHENG,BAOZHANGSHOUHAIRENDEHEFAQUANYIBUBEIQINHAI。YINCIBIJIJIANDINGRENYUANBIXUBAOCHIKEGUANGONGZHENGDETAIDU,YANJINZHUANYEDEJINGSHEN,BAOZHENGJIANBIEDEZHENSHIXING。

                      二、当前笔迹鉴定人员工作中存在的问题

                      (一)鉴定人员的职业素养不过关

                      不同于其他的司法鉴定,笔迹鉴定的具体环节和最终结论都是依靠鉴定人员的主观判断和分析来完成的,特别是综合评断环节。因此,鉴定人员必须具备较强的心理素质和职业素养,要用公正严肃的态度进行笔迹鉴定工作,不能被其他信息所干扰。当前能够进行笔迹鉴定工作的除了公安机关的鉴定中心还有司法部门批准第三方鉴定机构,从事其中的鉴定人员素质良莠不齐,在相对大利益的驱使下,有部分鉴定人员被诱惑蒙蔽双眼、丧失了理想信念,最终选择了向利益投降,抛弃了自己的职业道德和信念,在鉴定时徇私舞弊,给出与真相不符的鉴定结果,误导案件的走向,损害法律的公正性。这种行为严重影响了全体笔迹鉴定人员在民众心目中的形象,让民众对这项工作有所误解,不利于笔迹鉴定工作的进一步发展。
                     

                    笔迹鉴定人员工作现状与自我保护措施
                     

                      (二)鉴定人员的专业素养不过关

                      BIJINENGGOUFANYINGCHUYIGERENZAISHUXIESHIHOUDEDONGZUOHEXIGUAN,ZAIMOUYIJIEDUANSHUXIERENDEBIJISHIJUYOUWENDINGXINGDE,YIDANXINGCHENGLEMOUZHONGSHUXIEXIGUAN,JIUHUIXINGCHENGWENDINGGUILVDEZIJI,ZHEIZHONGSHUXIEDEWENDINGXINGSHIJIANDINGRENYUANZUOCHUPANDUANDEKENENGTIAOJIAN,ERBIANHUAXINGHEGONGTONGXINGSHIBIJIJIANDINGFENXICHAYIDIANHEFUHEDIANDEZHUYAOYIJU。RENDEBIJIHUISUIZHESHUXIEZHEDEXINLIHESHENGLIZHUANGTAI、SHUXIEGONGJUHECAIZHI、SHUXIEHUANJINGYIJISHUXIESUDUERCHANSHENGGAIBIAN,GENGHUIYINWEISHUXIERENDEGUYIWEIZHUANGERCHANSHENGMINGXIANDEBIANHUA,ZHEIXIEYINSUDOUSHIBIJIJIANDINGRENYUANZAIGONGZUOSHIXUYAOKAOLIANGDE。TEBIESHIGUYIWEIZHUANGGAIBIANZIJI,HUIJIBIJIJIANDINGGONGZUODAILAIGENGDADENANDU。YINCIBIJIJIANDINGRENYUANBIXUJUBEIJIGAODEZHUANYESUYANG,YAOCHONGFENLIYONGXINLIXUE、SHENGLIXUE、JIEPOUXUE、WENZIXUE、SHUFAXUE、YUYANXUEDENGGELEIZHUANYEZHISHIHEKEXUEDEJIANDINGSHOUFADUIBIJIJINXINGJIANDING[1]。RUOSHIBUJUBEIZHEIXIEZHUANYESUYANG,NEIMEZAIGONGZUOZHONGJIUHUIMIANLINXUDUODENANTI,SUOZUOCHUDEJIANDINGJIEGUOYENANYIHUODEFALVDERENKE。BIRUYOUDERENYUANRENWEIBIJIJIANDINGZHIXUYAOYUNYONGSHUFAHEWENZIZHISHI,ERHUSHILEDUIQITAXIANGGUANNEIRONGDEXUEXI,ZHEIYANGZUOCHULAIDEJIANDINGNANMIANHUICUNZAISHULOU。SHIYONGZHEILEIRENYUANLAIJINXINGBIJIJIANDINGSHIDUIFALVHEMINZHONGDEBUFUZERENDEXINGWEI,TONGSHIYEHUILINGMINZHONGSANGSHIDUIJIANDINGRENYUANDEXINREN,BULIYUJIANDINGGONGZUODEFAZHAN。

                      (三)鉴定程序不符合法律要求

                      BIJIJIANDINGBAOKUOSHOULI、SHISHI、FUHEHUOZAICIJIANDINGDENGHUANJIE,SHOULIJIANDINGSHIZHIJIANDINGJIGUANANZHAOFALVGUIDINGJIESHOUWEITUORENDEJIANDINGRENWU;JIANDINGDESHISHIHUANJIE,ZHEISHIZHENGGEJIANDINGCHENGXUZHONGZUIZHONGYAODEHUANJIE,YIDANCHUXIANWENTIHUOZHESHIYOUBUFUHEFALVYAOQIUDEXINGWEI,NEIMEJIANDINGJIELUNJIUSHIQULEKEXINDU;ZUIHOUJIANDINGDEFUHEHUANJIEZESHIQUEBAOJIANDINGJIEGUOKEXUEYOUXIAO、JUBEIFALVXIAOYINGDEBAOZHANG,YOUJIANDINGJIGUANHUOZHESHIZHUANYEDEJIANDINGZHUANJIADUIYUCHUBUJIANDINGGUOCHENGJIEGUOJINXINGFUHE,FAXIANCHUBUJIANDINGZHONGCUNZAIDEWENTI,MIBUXIANQIANGONGZUOZHONGDEQUESHI,TISHENGBIJIJIANDINGDEZHUNQUEXINGHEGONGZHENGXING[2]。RUOWEITUORENDUIYUFUHEGUOHOUDEJIANDINGJIELUNCUNZAIZHIYI,HAIKEYISHENQINGZHONGXINJIANDING。ZHEIQIZHONGDEMEIGEHUANJIEDOUSHIFALVGUIDINGDE,BIXUANZHAOCHENGXUBUZHOUJINXINGJIANDING,RUGUOJIANDINGRENYUANYOUYUGEZHONGYUANYINERBUNENGANZHAOCHENGXUBUZHOUJINXINGJIANDING,NEIMESUODEJIEGUOYESHIBUJUBEIFALVXIAOLIDE,QIEZHEIYESHIJIANDINGRENYUANZHIYEDAODEQUESHIHEFALVYISHIDANBODEBIAOXIAN。

                      三、笔迹鉴定人员自我保护的有效措施

                      (一)用专业的工作态度来进行自我保护

                    星云棋牌官网下载   ZUOWEIYIMINGBIJIJIANDINGRENYUAN,BIXUYONGYANJINFUZEDEGONGZUOTAIDULAIDUIDAIJIANDINGGONGZUO,RENZHENGONGZHENGDEJIANGMEIYIFENJIANDINGGONGZUOZUOHAO,WEIDAJIFANZUI,WEIHUSHOUHAIZHELIYIGONGXIANZIJIDELILIANG。ZHIYOUQUANLIWEIHUSIFAGONGZHENGHEFALVQUANWEI,ZENGQIANGMINZHONGDUIFALVHESIFAJIGUANDEXINREN,HUOQUMINZHONGDEZHICHIHEBANGZHU,CAISHIDUIZISHENZUIHAODEBAOHU。SHOUXIAN,BIJIJIANDINGRENYUANYINGXIANDUIANQINGYOUSUOLEJIE,YAOZIXICHAYUEYUANJIANXIANGGUANDEZILIAO,JINKENENGDECONGZILIAOZHONGXUNZHAOCHUHESUOJIANDINGBIJIYOUGUANDEXIANSUO,JINLIANGDUODELEJIEBIJISHUXIEZHE,WEIJIEXIALAIDEBIJIJIANDINGGONGZUODIANDINGLIANGHAODEJICHU。QICI,SHIYAORENZHENXIZHIJINXINGJIANCAI、YANGBENDEJIANYAN,ZAIJIANDINGSHIYONGZHUANYEDETAIDU、KEXUEDEJIANDINGSHOUDUAN,BUNENGBEIBIAOMIANXIANXIANGMIHUO,YAOCONGXIJIEZHONGXUNZHAOXIANSUO。RANHOUSHIDUISHUXIERENDEXINLIHEXIGUANJINXINGYANJIU,ZAIYUDAOTEDIANJIAOSHAO,NANYIJINXINGJIANDINGDERENWUSHI,KECONGYANJIUSHUXIEZHEDESHUMIANYUYANTEZHENGHEWENZIBUJUTEZHENGRUSHOU,WAJUECHUSHUXIEZHEDESHUXIEXIGUAN[3]。ZUIHOUSHIJIAQIANGJIANDINGDEFUHEZHIDU,DANGQIANDEBIJIJIANDINGGUOCHENGZHONG,YOUHENDUORENYUANDUIZIJIDEJIANDINGJISHUGUOYUZIXIN,ERHUSHILEFUHEDEZHONGYAOXING,DANSHIBIJIJIANDINGSHIYIXIANGJIQIFUZAXIZHIDEGONGZUO,NANMIANHUICUNZAISHULOUHEBUZU,ERFUHEJIUSHIWEILEZHAOCHUZHEIXIEBUZU,BINGJINXINGJISHIDEXIUZHENG,QUEBAOJIANDINGJIEGUODEZHENSHIKEKAO,WEIANJIANDEZHENPOHEPANJUETIGONGYOULIDEZHENGJU,TONGSHIYENENGTUIDONGJIANDINGGONGZUOXIANGGENGJIAXIZHIGAOXIAODEFANGXIANGFAZHAN。

                      (二)形成完整工作体系来进行自我保护

                    星云棋牌官网下载   DUIYUBIJIJIANDINGGONGZUOLAISHUO,GERENDELILIANGSHIRUOXIAODE,BULUNSHIGONGZUODEKAIZHANHAISHIXIANGGUANRENYUANDEZIWOBAOHU。YINCI,ZHIYOUQUANTIGONGZUORENYUANLIANHEQILAI,XINGCHENGYOUXIAODEGONGZUOZHIDUHETIXI,CAINENGTUIJINJIANDINGGONGZUODEFAZHAN,TISHENGJIANDINGRENYUANDEZIWOBAOHUNENGLI。SHOUXIAN,WULUNSHIGONGANJIGUANJINXINGDEJIANDINGHAISHIDISANFANGDEJIANDINGJIGOUJINXINGDEJIANDING,DOUSHUYUFALVHUODONG,WEILEWEIHUFALVDEYANSUXING,FANGZHIYOUJIANDINGRENYUANSHOUDAOLIYIGUHUO,JINXINGYINGSIWUBI,WEIBEIFALVFAGUIDEXINGWEI,BIXUZHIDINGCHUYANGEYOUXUDEGONGZUOTIXI,ZAIJINXINGJIANDINGGONGZUOSHI,YAOANZHAOGUIDINGZHUBUCAOZUO,YIRENZHENFUZEDETAIDUQUJINXINGJIANDING,BUNENGYOUXIEDAIDEQINGXU。LINGWAI,BIXUJIAQIANGDUIJIANDINGHUODONGDEJIANDU,XINGCHENGQUANFANGWEI、DUOJIAODUDEJIANDUTIXI。TONGSHI,BIJIJIANDINGRENYUANYEXUYAOZIJUEZUNSHOUGONGZUOZHIDU,ZIJUEJIESHOUGUOJIAZHENGFUJIGUANYIJISHEHUIMINZHONGDEJIANDU,YUFANGBIJIJIANDINGGONGZUOZHONGCHUXIANLIYISHUSONG、NONGXUZUOJIADENGBULIYUANJIANZHENPODEWEIFAXINGWEICHUXIAN。LINGWAI,YAOBUDUANJIAQIANGXUEXI,TISHENGBIJIJIANDINGRENYUANDEGONGZUONENGLIHEZHUANYESUYANG,YAOZHUYIBIJIJIANDINGRENYUANZONGHESUZHIDEFAZHAN,DUIYUBIJIJIANDINGGONGZUOSUOXUYAODEXINLIXUE、SHENGLIXUE、JIEPOUXUE、WENZIXUE、YUYANXUE、SHUFAXUEDENGJICHUZHISHIDOUYAOJINXINGBUDUANDIXUEXI。YAOBUDUANDUIXIANYOUDEJIANDINGJISHUJINXINGGEXIN,YISHIYINGANJIANCHULIDEXUQIU,WEISIFAJIGUANTIGONGKEXUEKEKAODEJIANDINGJIEGUO[4]。ZHIYOUZHEIYANG,CAINENGQUEBAOFALVDEGONGZHENGXING,TIGAOJIANDINGJIGOUHEGONGZUORENYUANZAIMINZHONGZHONGDEDIWEI,HUOQUGENGDUODEZUNZHONGHEZHICHI。

                      四、结束语

                    星云棋牌官网下载   ZONGSHANGSUOSHU,BIJIJIANDINGSHISIFAJIANDINGDEZHONGYAOZUCHENGBUFEN,YESHIWEIANJIANZHENPOHESIFASHENPANTIGONGYOULIZHENGJUDEQUDAOZHIYI,ERBIJIJIANDINGRENYUANZUOWEIZHIXINGZHEIXIANGGONGZUODEZHUTI,BIXUDUIZIJIJINXINGLIANGHAODEZIWOBAOHU,YIFANGMIANSHIWEIHUZIJIDEZHIYEXINNIAN,BUBEIWUZHIHEQITAYINSUSUOMIHUO,ERZUOCHUWEIHAIMINZHONGLIYI、CHUPENGFALVDIXIANDESHIQING;LINGYIFANGMIAN,SHIYAOTISHENGZIJIDEGONGZUONENGLI,XIEZHUJIANQUANJIANDINGGONGZUODEZHIDUTIXI,TISHENGJIANDINGGONGZUODEZHUNQUEXING,BAOZHANGSIFAGONGZHENGXING,WEIHUSHOUHAIRENDELIYI,BAOZHANGSHOUHAIRENDEQUANYI,RANGMINZHONGDUIFALVHESIFAJIGUANGENGJIAXINFU,DUIJIANDINGRENYUANGENGJIAXINRENHEZUNZHONG,ZHEIYESHIJINXINGZIWOBAOHUDEYOUXIAOCUOSHI。

                      参考文献

                      [1] 许涛.浅议笔迹鉴定人员的自我保护问题[J].科教导刊(电子版),2017:165.
                      [2]崔文哲,王波.论笔迹鉴定的识别及价值分析[J].科学技术创新,2017(2):125-125.
                      [3]曾宪红.浅析笔迹检验在刑事侦查中的作用[J].中国高新区,2018(11):275.
                    星云棋牌官网下载   [4]林海.谈笔迹鉴定的法则[J].法制博览,2018(33):170.

                      司徒夏莹.浅议笔迹鉴定人员的自我保护问题[J].法制博览,2019(36):161-162.
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