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                医院公共卫生管理不足与应对措施

                时间:2019-03-20 来源:中国医药指南 作者:林林 本文字数:2384字

                  摘    要: 近几年来,伴随社会进步及经济发展,我国卫生事业步入全新发展阶段,其管理工作得到广大人民群众的关注及重视。医院作为公共卫生体系的主要组成,具有数量庞大及覆盖范围相对广泛等鲜明特点,一旦公共卫生管理出现问题则直接影响其他管理工作有序开展,换而言之医院公共卫生管理工作占据着极其重要的地位及作用。本文以医院公共卫生管理为切入点分析其现存问题,就提出具体的解决对策进行深入探究,旨在为相关从业人员积累更多的工作经验。

                  关键词: 公共卫生管理; 现存问题; 解决对策;

                星云棋牌官网下载   ZIJINRU21SHIJIYILAI,ZAISHEHUIJINGJIWENJIANFAZHANDEDABEIJINGXIA,YILIAOJISHUSHUIPINGRIQUCHENGSHU,SHEHUIDUIYUYIYUANGONGGONGWEISHENGGUANLIGONGZUODEYAOQIUYEGENGWEIYANGE,TEBIESHIQIGUANLIGONGZUOSHUIPINGJIGUANLIGONGZUOZHILIANGSHENSHOUSHEHUIDAZHONGDEGUANZHUJIZHONGSHI。RUHEDAJIANWANZHENGDEYIYUANGONGGONGWEISHENGGUANLITIXI,GAISHANJIBENYILIAOWEISHENGZHUANGKUANG,CHEDIJIEJUEGONGZUOZHONGXIANGGUANWENTIBAOZHENGYIYUANNEIGEXIANGGONGZUOYOUXUKAIZHAN,SHIYIYUANFAZHANJINCHENGZHONGSUOMIANLINDEZHUYAOTIAOZHAN。YOUCIKEJIAN,GUANLIRENYUANLIZUYUYIYUANGONGGONGWEISHENGGUANLIJUTIQINGKUANGQUANMIANFENXIQIWENTICHANSHENGYUANYIN,ZHIDINGXIANGYINGDEJIEJUEFANGANJIJIEJUEDUICE,JINYIBUYOUHUAYIYUANGONGGONGWEISHENGGUANLILIUCHENG[1]。RANER,CONGMUQIANWOGUOYIYUANGONGGONGWEISHENGGUANLISHUIPINGLAIKAN,RENGCUNZAIZHEJIAODUOWENTIJIDAIJIEJUE,LIRU:JIBINGKONGZHIWENTI、YISHIZHENZHIWENTIJIHUANJINGWEISHENGWENTIDENG,NANYICHONGFENFAHUIGONGGONGWEISHENGGUANLIDEZUOYONG,WUFATISHENGGONGGONGWEISHENGSHIYEDEFAZHANSHUIPING。JIANYUCI,BENWENZHENDUIYIYUANGONGGONGWEISHENGGUANLIXIANCUNWENTIJIJIEJUECUOSHIDEYANJIUJUYOUZHONGYAOXIANSHIYIYI。

                  1、 医院公共卫生管理现存问题

                  1.1 、资源短缺问题。

                星云棋牌官网下载   YILIAOZIYUANDUANQUEZUOWEIYIYUANGONGGONGWEISHENGGUANLIZUIWEIZHONGYAODEWENTIZHIYI,SHENSHOUERYUANTIZHIDEYINGXIANGQISHIZHONGCUNZAIYUGUANLIGONGZUOHUANJIE,YANZHONGZUAIYIYUANKECHIXUXINGFAZHAN,DUIYUYILIAOZIYUANFENPEICHANSHENGJIQIBULIDEFUMIANYINGXIANG,YIDANNANYIBAOZHANGFENPEIGONGPINGXINGHUOJUNHENGXINGZECUNZAITIAOQIJIECENGMAODUNDEKENENGXING。TONGSHI,XIANGJIAOYUCHENGSHIYILIAO,NONGCUNYILIAOTIAOJIANXIANGDUILUOHOU,PUBIANCUNZAIYIYAOZIYUANJIAOSHAO、YILIAOSHEBEILUOHOUJIYILIAOJINGFEIKUIFADENGWENTI,BUZHIZHIJIEYINGXIANGYIYUANGONGGONGWEISHENGGUANLIGONGZUOYOUXUKAIZHAN,GENGPOHUAIRENMINQUNZHONGDEYILIAOFUWUTIYAN[2]。RUHECHEDIJIEJUEYILIAOZIYUANDUANQUEWENTI,SHIDIFANGZHENGFUJIXIANGGUANBUMENSUOMIANLINDEZHUYAOTIAOZHAN,ERJIEJUEFANGFABUDEDANGZEDADAJIANGDINONGCUNDIQURENMINQUNZHONGDESHENGHUOZHILIANG。

                  1.2 、思想层面问题。

                  CONGMUQIANWOGUOYIYUANGONGGONGWEISHENGGUANLISHUIPINGLAIKAN,DADUOSHUGONGZUORENYUANDUIYUGONGGONGWEISHENGGUANLIDEZHONGSHICHENGDUYOUDAITIGAOQIEGUANLIGONGZUOZISHENZHONGYAOXINGRENSHICHENGDUYUANYUANBUZU,ZHIJIEYINGXIANGGONGGONGWEISHENGJIAOYUXIAOGUO,ZUAIGUANLIGONGZUOYOUXUKAIZHAN。YOUCIKEJIAN,SIXIANGCENGMIANWENTISHIYIYUANGONGGONGWEISHENGGUANLIDEZHUYAOWENTI,YIDANSIXIANGCENGMIANRENZHICHENGDUBUZUZEDUIGONGGONGWEISHENGGUANLIGONGZUOCHANSHENGJIQIBULIDEYINGXIANG[3]。TONGSHI,ZAIXINXIJISHUPENGBOFAZHANDEDABEIJINGXIA,DAJIANWANSHANDEGONGGONGWEISHENGGUANLIMOSHIJIDUIYINGDEYINGJIWANGLUOTIXI,ZAOYICHENGWEIYIYUANGONGGONGWEISHENGGUANLIGONGZUONEIRONGZHIYI,ERJINGGONGZUOSHIJIANNENGDIAODONGSHEHUIZIYUAN,CHONGFENFAHUISHEHUICENGMIANDELILIANG,CHEDIJIEJUEYIYUANGONGGONGWEISHENGYINGJIWANGLUODEJIANSHEJINDUWENTI。

                  1.3、 运行机制问题。

                  现阶段我国大多数医院传染病检出环节对于医师个人水平的依赖性较高,普遍尚未搭建完善的工作机制且停留于偶然发现传染病患者的阶段,并且一部分医院自身管理机制不健全无法严格落实医务人员传染病防控知识培训工作流程,其知识水平及操作技能相对匮乏,难以保证检查准确率,存在出现漏诊或误诊等问题的可能性。一旦急性传染病现场控制措施不当或错失最佳控制患者或密切接触者的时机则极易造成扩散传染病的局面,甚至极个别医院无法及时隔离患者忽略传染性疾病的宣传防控环节,过于重视疾病诊疗知识宣教,无法培养学生正确的生活习惯及生活行为。
                 

                医院公共卫生管理不足与应对措施
                 

                  2、 医院公共卫生管理问题的解决措施

                  2.1 、转变思想认识。

                星云棋牌官网下载   ZAISHIJIGUANLIDEGUOCHENGZHONG,XIANGGUANGUANLIRENYUANBINGCHISHISHIQIUSHIDEGONGZUOYUANZE,ZHUDONGNIUZHUANGONGGONGWEISHENGGUANLIDESIXIANGRENSHI,BUDUANYOUHUAGONGGONGWEISHENGGUANLIFANGAN,CHEDIJIEJUEGONGGONGWEISHENGGUANLIDEXIANCUNWENTI,CHIXUKUODAGUANLIXUANCHUANLIDU,CHONGFENFAHUIGERENYINDAOZUOYONG,BINGQIETONGGUOSHEZHIGONGKAIXUANCHUANLANDENGFANGFAZUOHAOGONGGONGWEISHENGZHISHIDEPUJIGONGZUO,YINGZAOLIANGHAODERENZHIFENWEI,YUQIANYIMOHUAYINGXIANGXIASHIXIANZENGQIANGYIYUANWEISHENGGUANLISIXIANGRENZHIDEMUBIAO。TONGSHI,YIYIYUANGONGGONGWEISHENGGUANLIXIANCUNWENTIWEIQIERUDIAN,ZHIDINGKEXUEHELIDEGUANLIFANGAN,CHEDIJIEJUEGUANLIXIANCUNWENTI,BUDUANYOUHUAYIYUANGONGGONGWEISHENGGUANLILIUCHENG,JINYIBUTUIDONGGONGGONGWEISHENGSHIYEZHANGYUANFAZHAN,QUEBAOGONGGONGWEISHENGGUANLIGONGZUOYOUXUKAIZHAN。

                  2.2、 扩大医疗力量。

                  ZAISHIJIGUANLIDEGUOCHENGZHONG,YIYUANJIADADUIYUGONGGONGWEISHENGGUANLIDEZHONGSHICHENGDU,CHIXUKUODAZENGJIAYILIAOLILIANG,JIANGKUODAZENGJIAYILIAOLILIANGSHIWEITUIDONGGONGGONGWEISHENGSHIYEFAZHANDEYOULISHOUDUAN,LIZUYUYIYUANGONGGONGWEISHENGGUANLIGONGZUOXIANCUNWENTICAIQUXIANGYINGDEJIEJUESHOUDUAN。TONGSHI,JIEHEJUTIGONGZUOQINGKUANG,DIFANGZHENGFUJIXIANGGUANBUMENXIEDIAOYIYUANJIWEISHENGZHIFAJIANDUBUMENJIANMAODUN,CUSHIERZHEJIANXIETONGHEZUO,YOUZHUYUSHIXIANYILIAOWEISHENGZIYUANTOUFANGMUBIAO,BINGQIETOUFANGQIJIANLIYONGSHELIDINGDIANYIYUANHUOYILIAOJIUZHUZHANDENGSHOUDUAN,CHIXUJIANQUANGONGGONGWEISHENGGUANLITIXI,MINGQUEGUANLIFANGAN,BAOZHENGGONGGONGWEISHENGGUANLIGONGZUOSHUNLIKAIZHAN。ZONGERYANZHI,KUOCHONGZENGSHEYILIAOLILIANGZHANJUZHEYIYUANGONGGONGWEISHENGGUANLIJIQIZHONGYAODEDIWEIJIZUOYONG。

                  CIWAI,YOUYUBUDUANJIANQUANYINGJIJIZHINENGZENGQIANGYIYUANGONGGONGWEISHENGGUANLISHUIPING,CHEDIJIEJUEYIYUANWEISHENGGONGGONGGUANLIDEXIANCUNWENTI,KEGUANSHANGYAOQIUXIANGGUANGUANLIRENYUANLIZUYUJUTIGONGZUOQINGKUANG,CHIXUTUCHUYINGJIJIZHIDEYOUSHI,BUDUANZENGQIANGYIYUANGONGGONGWEISHENGGUANLISHUIPING,WEISHEHUIDAZHONGTIGONGGENGWEIYOUZHIDEYILIAOFUWU。

                  3 、结语

                  TONGGUOBENWENTANJIU,RENSHIDAOCONGMUQIANWOGUOYIYUANGONGGONGWEISHENGGUANLISHUIPINGLAIKAN,RENGCUNZAIZHEJIAODUOWENTIJIDAIJIEJUE,RUJIBINGKONGZHIWENTI、YISHIZHENZHIWENTIJIHUANJINGWEISHENGWENTIDENG,NANYICHONGFENFAHUIGONGGONGWEISHENGGUANLIDEZUOYONG,WUFATISHENGGONGGONGWEISHENGSHIYEDEFAZHANSHUIPING。YINCI,XIANGGUANYIYUANBINGCHIJUTIWENTIJUTIFENXIDEGONGZUOYUANZE,XIEDIAOGEGEBUMENJIANPEIHEDAJIANJIANQUANDEGONGGONGWEISHENGGUANLITIXI,CAIQUYOUMUDEXINGYOUZHENDUIXINGDECUOSHIQIESHIJIEJUEGUANLIWENTI,MIBUCHUANTONGGUANLIMOSHIDEBUZU,QUDELINGRENMANYIDEJIBINGFANGKONGXIAOGUO。

                  参考文献

                  [1]李阳林.简析医院公共卫生管理中存在的问题及解决对策[J].临床医药文献电子杂志,2017,4(96):18998.
                  [2]杨荣娟.医院公共卫生管理中存在的问题及解决对策探讨[J].临床医药文献电子杂志,2017,4(25):4941.
                星云棋牌官网下载   [3]杨超.医院公共卫生管理中存在的问题及解决对策探讨[J].大家健康(学术版),2014,8(18):331-332

                  林林.医院公共卫生管理中存在的问题及解决对策分析[J].中国医药指南,2020,18(01):296-297.
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