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                                学术堂专业论文学习平台您当前的位置:学术堂 > 历史论文 > 近代史纲要论文

                                毛泽东创新思维及初心使命探索

                                时间:2019-03-10 来源:中国浦东干部学院学报 作者:段治文,陈锋 本文字数:10972字

                                  摘要:毛泽东早年经过艰辛摸索,确立起了为实现民族解放和人民幸福的初心使命。毛泽东作为中国共产党人的杰出代表,创建了深厚的创新思维基础,领导中国共产党和中国人民奋力去实现这一初心使命。为了实现初心使命,毛泽东开展了持续不断的创新实践,可以说,创新实践贯穿了毛泽东领导中国革命的全部过程,成为中国革命成功、实现民族独立与人民解放的重要法宝。新时代中国共产党人要不忘初心、牢记使命,要发扬毛泽东的创新精神,推进新时代中国共产党人为实现初心使命不断开拓创新的伟大实践。

                                  关键词:毛泽东; 初心使命; 创新思维; 创新实践;

                                  Abstract:

                                  Mao Zedong formed the original aspiration and mission for national liberation and people's happiness after strenuous exploration in an early age. As an exceptional representative of the Chinese communists, Mao Zedong founded profound foundation for creative thinking and led the Communist Party of China and the Chinese people to strive to realize this original aspiration and mission. To realize the original aspiration and mission, Mao Zedong carried out continuous creative practice that permeated the entire course of Chinese revolution led by Mao Zedong and became a vital tool to make the Chinese revolution successful, the nation independent, and the people liberated. In the new era, Chinese communists should remain true to our original aspiration and keep our mission firmly in mind. We should carry forward Mao Zedong's creative spirit to promote the great practice of incessant innovation by the Chinese communists in the new era to realize the original aspiration and mission.

                                星云棋牌官网下载   Keyword:

                                  Mao Zedong; original aspiration and mission; creative thinking; creative practice;

                                毛泽东

                                  MAOZEDONGSHIZHONGGUOGONGCHANDANGRENDEJIECHUDAIBIAO,TAWEIZHONGGUOGEMINGHEJIANSHESHIYEZUOCHULEJIECHUGONGXIAN。MAOZEDONGQUELIQILEJIANDINGDESHIXIANMINZUJIEFANGHERENMINXINGFUDECHUXINSHIMING,BINGQIEXINGCHENGLETADUDAODECHUANGXINSIWEI,WEISHIXIANCHUXINSHIMINGJINXINGLEWEIDADECHUANGXINSHIJIAN。TANXUNMAOZEDONGCHUXINSHIMINGDEQUELI,BINGQIEJIESHIMAOZEDONGWEISHIXIANCHUXINSHIMINGDECHUANGXINSIWEIHECHUANGXINSHIJIAN,DUIYUJINTIANZHONGGUOGONGCHANDANGRENZAIXINSHIDAIZHONGGUOTESESHEHUIZHUYIWEIDASHIJIANZHONG,JINYIBUJIANCHIBUWANGCHUXIN、LAOJISHIMING,BINGJIANDINGDIWEISHIXIANCHUXINSHIMINGBUDUANKAITUOCHUANGXIN,JUYOUZHONGYAODEXIANSHIYIYI。

                                  一、毛泽东初心使命的形成与确立

                                星云棋牌官网下载   MAOZEDONGZAONIANJINGGUOJIANXINMOSUO,ZUIZHONGQUELIQILESHIXIANMINZUJIEFANGHERENMINXINGFUDECHUXINSHIMING。

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                                  DISI,TOUSHENMINZUDULI、RENMINJIEFANGDEHONGLIUYUQUELICHUXINSHIMING。DAIYOUWUTUOBANGSECAIDEHUNANZIZHILANTUZAODAOJIUJUNFATEBIESHIDUJUNFUDEYAZHIERSHIBAI。[1]65MAOZEDONGYOUCIFANSI,"JIAOYUWEIXING,MINZHIWEIQI,DUOSHUZHIXIANGREN,YOUZAISHUIMENG……HUNANRENNAOJINBUQINGXI,WULIXIANG,WUYUANJI,JIGEYUELAI,YIKANTOULE……ZHENGZHIGAILIANGYITU,KEWEIJUEWUXIWANG。WURENWEIYOUBULIYIQIE,LINGPIDAOLU,LINGZAOHUANJINGYIFA".[5]5481918NIAN,MAOZEDONGDAOBEIJINGQIUXUESHIYIYULIDAZHAOYOUJIAODUOJIECHU,YUEDULELIDAZHAOCHUANBOMAKESIZHUYIDEYIXIEWENZHANG,DUIMAKESIZHUYIYOULECHUBURENSHI。1919NIANTAHUIZHANGSHACHUANGBAN《XIANGJIANGPINGLUN》,DAZANSHEHUIZHUYI,RENWEIEGUOSHIYUEGEMINGKAICHUANGLESHIJIEGEMINGDECHAOLIU,CONGXIONGYALIGEMINGDAOYING、FA、MEIGONGRENBAGONG,"YINDUCHAOXIAN,YOUQILERUOGANDEDAGEMING……GENGYOUZHONGHUAZHANGCHENGBOHAIZHIJIAN,FASHENGLE'WUSI'YUNDONG".[5]390TONGSHI,HUNANZIZHISHIBAIRANGMAOZEDONGRENSHIDAO"ZHONGGUOHUAIKONGQITAISHENTAIHOU,WUMENCHENGZAIYAOZAOCHENGYIZHONGYOUSHILIDEXINKONGQI,CAIKEYIJIANGTATIAOHUANGUOLAI……YOUQIYAOYOUYIZHONGWEIDAJIAGONGTONGXINSHOUDE'ZHUYI',MEIYOUZHUYI,SHIZAOBUCHENGKONGQIDE".[5]5541920NIAN7YUEMENGDANIERHUIYISHANG,XINMINXUEHUILIUFAHUIYUANDUIRUHEGAIZAOZHONGGUOYUSHIJIEDEFANGFACHANSHENGFENQI,CAIHESENYUMAOZEDONGTONGXINJIESHAOXIANGGUANQINGKUANG,MAOZEDONGZAIHUIXINZHONGMINGQUEBIAOSHIZANTONGCAIHESENGUANYUZOUEGUODAOLUDEFANGFA。[6]1891921NIANYUANDAN,MAOZEDONGDENGRENZUZHIZAIZHANGSHADEXINMINXUEHUIHUIYUANJINXINGTAOLUN,MINGQUETICHU"JILIEFANGFADEGONGCHANZHUYI,JISUOWEILAONONGZHUYI,YONGJIEJIZHUANZHENGDEFANGFA,SHIKEYIYUJIXIAOGUODE,GUZUIYICAIYONG".[7]2ZHEIBIAOZHIZHEMAOZEDONGCHENGWEIYIGECHEDIDEMAKESIZHUYIZHE。YOUCI,MAOZEDONGQUELILEYONGSHEHUIZHUYIJIUZHONGGUOYISHIXIANMINZUJIEFANG、RENMINXINGFUDECHUXINSHIMING。

                                  二、毛泽东践行初心使命的创新思维基础

                                星云棋牌官网下载   XUANCHUANMAKESIZHUYI,JIANDINGSHEHUIZHUYIFANGXIANG,SHIXIANMINZUJIEFANGHERENMINXINGFU,XUYAOYIKAITIANPIDI、GANWEIRENXIANDECHUANGXINJINGSHENWEIJICHU。ERMAOZEDONGZHISUOYINENGGOUCHENGWEIZHONGGUOGONGCHANDANGRENDEJIECHUDAIBIAO,LINGDAOZHONGGUOGONGCHANDANGHEZHONGGUORENMINFENLIQUSHIXIANZHEIYICHUXINSHIMING,SHIYOUZHESHENHOUDECHUANGXINSIWEIJICHUDE。ZHEIZHONGCHUANGXINSIWEIJICHUZAIMAOZEDONGZAONIANDEQIUXUEGUOCHENGYIJICHUXINSHIMINGDEQUELIGUOCHENGZHONGJIUYIJINGXINGCHENG。

                                  DIYI,DUYOUZIZHISHU,ZUANYANLILUN,HANGSHIXUESHIJICHU,ZHEISHIMAOZEDONGCHUANGXINSIWEIXINGCHENGDELILUNJICHU。MAOZEDONGAIDUSHUERQIESHELIESHENGUANG。SHAOSHIDEMAOZEDONGJIUKUAIDUSHU,ZAIJINRUSISHUZHIHOUCHANGCHANGSHIZAOWANDAODILIGANHUO,BAITIANDU"SISHU".[4]7"GONGKEMEIYOUWAN,SHEIYEBUNENGDARAOTA,SHEIYELATABUDONG。"[3]40ZHIYAOYOUSHUDU,ZHANGTUBENBODELAOLEIYEHUIBEIMAOZEDONGPAODAOJIUXIAOYUNWAI,"SIZHIZHIYUANSUISHEN,ERLINGTAIZHILESHUSHEN".[5]41LAOSHIBUZHI《SHIJI》《HANSHU》《ZIZHITONGJIAN》DENGCHUANTONGDIANJI,MAOZEDONGHUIRENZHENDU,MEIYOUBUZHIDESHUYEHUIZHAOLAIDU。SHENHUACHUANSHUO、GUDIANXIAOSHUO,SHENZHISHIXIANZHI、MAOSHIZUPU,DOUZAIMAOZEDONGYUEDUDEFANWEI。ZAIJIECHUXINXUEZHIHOU,MAOZEDONGCHULEGUANGFANYUEDUWEIXINPAIDESHUJIZHIWAI,HAIJIECHUBINGYANDULEFANYINGXIFANGZICHANJIEJIJINGJIZHENGZHISIXIANGDEXIANGGUANSHUJI,BAOKUOYADANG·SIMIDE《YUANFU》、MENGDESIJIUDE《FAYI》、YUEHAN·MULEDE《MULEMINGXUE》DENG。MAOZEDONGSHENZHIHAISHELIELEYING、MEI、FA、EDENGGUODELISHIHEDILI,YUEDULEGUXILA、GULUOMADEWENXUESHUJI。[3]81ZAIJINGLIHUNANZIZHISHIBAIZHIHOU,MAOZEDONGKAISHISHENJIUMAKESIZHUYI,GUANGFANYUEDUMAKESIZHUYIDEZHUZUO。MAOZEDONGHEXIAOZISHENGDETONGXINZHONGDUOCITIDAOJIESHUDUSHU,ZAIHUNANSHENGLITUSHUGUANZAODAOWANGUI,BUXING120HUALIDAOLAOSHIYANGCHANGJIDEJIAZHONGLIULANQIZANGSHU,DENGDENG。DUYOUZIZHISHUSHIMAOZEDONGCHUANGXINSIWEIXINGCHENGDELILUNJICHU。

                                星云棋牌官网下载   DIER,DUWUZIZHISHU,ZHONGSHISHIJI,CHANGDAOXUEYONGJIEHE,ZHEISHIMAOZEDONGCHUANGXINSIWEIXINGCHENGDESHIJIANJICHU。"BIMENQIUXUE,QIXUEWUYONG。"[5]587MAOZEDONGQIANGLIEZHUZHANGDUSHUYAOLIANXIXIANSHI,YAOZAIGUANZHUXIANSHIZHONGXIUSHEN,CONGERSHIXIANQIANGGUODEMUBIAO。SHOUXIAN,MAOZEDONGGUANZHUSHISHI、GUANZHUXINSIXIANG,BADUSHUXUEXIHESHIDAIBIANGEJINMIJIEHEZAIYIQI。TAJIEYUE《XINMINCONGBAO》《JIAYIN》,GUANZHUSHEHUIREDIAN"ZHAONVSHIZHISI"BINGYICIPENGJIJIUXUE、JIULIZHI;GUANZHUGEGUODEBAGONGCHAO,JIELUZIBENZHUYIGUOJIATIZHIDEBIDUAN;GUANZHUCHENDUXIUBEIBU,YANJIUGUOJIDANG;GUANZHUBALIHEHUI,JIELUSUOWEIDE"PINGDENG""MINZUZIJUE";GUANZHUXUESHENGYUNDONG,TUIDONGHUNANZIZHI。TAQIANGDIAODUXINXUESHIWEILEBIANGEDANGXIAYITUQIANG,DULISHIYEXUYAOGUANZHUXIANSHI,RENWEI"LISHIZHE,GUANWANGJIZHIJINYIZHEYE".[5]22QICI,MAOZEDONGZHONGSHISHEHUIDIAOCHA、LEJIEGUOQING。TASHUO:"WENTIZHIYANJIU,YOUXUSHIDIDIAOCHAZHE,XUSHIDIDIAOCHAZHI。"[5]401ZHONGSHISHEHUIDIAOCHAHEGUOQINGYANJIU,SHIMAOZEDONGDUWUZIZHISHUDEZHONGYAOBIAOXIAN。ZAOZAIHUNANYISHIQIJIAN,MEIFENGSHUJIA,TADOUYAOBUDAIYIFENQIANYIKELIANGDIZOUXIAQU,DAOSHEHUIZHONG"YOUXUE",YISHENRUSHEHUI、LEJIESHIQING,YOUCIXINGCHENGLEMAOZEDONGDUYOUDESHEHUIDIAOCHAFENGFAN。ZAICI,MAOZEDONGQIANGDIAOZAIXUEXIZHONGBUDUANSIKAO,ZAISHIJIANZHONGBUDUANJIANYAN。CONGSHAONIANDAOQINGNIAN,MAOZEDONGQIUXUEDEGUOCHENGJIUSHIBUDUANSIKAODEGUOCHENG,YESHIBUDUANTOUSHENSHIJIANDEGUOCHENG。MAOZEDONGZHUCHIXUEYOUHUI、BANYEXIAO、CHUANGBAN《XIANGJIANGPINGLUN》、CHENGLIJIANXUEHUI、CHENGLIWENTIYANJIUHUI、FAQIWENHUASHUSHE、FAQIQUZHANGYUNDONG、TUIDONGHUNANZIZHI、CHUANGJIANXINMINXUEHUIDENG,BASUOXUESUOSIRONGRUQIZHONGJIESHOUJIANYANBINGBUDUANTISHENG。MAOZEDONGZAIDUWUZIZHISHUZHONGJIANGOUQILEJIANSHIDECHUANGXINSIWEIDESHIJIANJICHU。

                                星云棋牌官网下载   DISAN,XUEGUANZHONGXI,XINGCHENGZHONGXIRONGHEDEXUESHIJICHU,ZHEISHIMAOZEDONGCHUANGXINSIWEIXINGCHENGDEKUANGUANGSHIYE。MAOZEDONGZAONIANSUOCHUDESHIDAI,ZHENGZHIZHONGXIWENHUACHONGZHUANGZHISHI,YOURENXUANYANGQUANPANXIHUA,YOURENGUSHOUFENGJIANWENHUACHUANTONG。DUICI,MAOZEDONGYI"ZHIYUXUE、QIQIJING"DEWENHUATAIDU,ZAIZAONIANSHUDU"SISHU""WUJING"WANCHENGCHUANTONGWENHUAJIANGOUHOU,JIECHUXIXUEXIANGSHIJIEWENHUA、XIANDAIWENHUAZHUANHUAN,BACHUANTONGWENHUAHEXIFANGWENHUAJIEHEQILAI,CONGERXINGCHENGLEZHONGXIRONGHEDEKUANGUANGSHIYE。SHOUXIAN,MAOZEDONGZAITONGNIANSHIDAIXIANXUEXI《SANZIJING》《QIANZIWEN》DENGQIMENGDUWU,HOUXUEXI"SISHU""WUJING",ZAIHOUSHI《ZUOCHUAN》《CHUNQIUGONGYANGCHUAN》DENG。ZAIHUNANYISHIQIUXUEQIJIANTAYOURENZHENYUEDULETANSITONGDE《RENXUE》,CENGGUOFANDE"JIASHU",HAIYOU《HANCHANGLIQUANJI》《ZHAOMINGWENXUAN》《CHUCI》HESIMAGUANGDE《ZIZHITONGJIAN》、GUZUYUDE《DUSHIFANGYUJIYAO》DENGSHU,YOUCIDIANDINGLESHENHOUDECHUANTONGWENHUAGONGDI。QICI,MAOZEDONGLIKAISHAOSHANHOUKAISHIJIECHUXIXUE,TEBIESHIYIHUNANSHENGLITUSHUGUANWEIZHENDIJINXINGZIXIU,DULEDAERWEN《JINHUALUN》、YADANG·SIMI《YUANFU》、HEXULI《TIANYANLUN》、MULE《MULEMINGXUE》、SIBINSAIER《QUNXUEYIYAN》、MENGDESIJIU《FAYI》、LUSUO《MINYUELUN》DENGYIPIFANYING18、19SHIJIXIFANGZICHANJIEJIMINZHUZHUYISIXIANGHEKEXUECHENGJIUDESHEHUIKEXUE、ZIRANKEXUEFANGMIANDEZHUZUO。[5]707GUANTONGZHONGXIDEXUESHISHIMAOZEDONGJUBEILEZHONGXIRONGHEDEKUANGUANGYANJIE。ZAIJIECHUXINXUEDEZHIYINGGUODEJUNZHULIXIANZHIZHIHOU,TAXIWANGZHONGGUONENGGOUXUEXIBIANGE,JIANLI"HEFA"DEZHENGZHITIZHI。ZAIJIECHUXIFANGZICHANJIEJIQIMENGSIXIANGHOU,MAOZEDONGSHENGANGUOMINZHIMENGMEI,XIWANGNENGGOUXUNZHAOGAIBIANGUOMINSUZHIDE"DABENYUAN".MAOZEDONGTICHUDE"CONGZHEXUE、LUNLIXUERUSHOU,GAIZAOZHEXUE,GAIZAOLUNLIXUE,GENBENSHANGBIANHUANQUANGUOZHISIXIANG",[5]86TONGYANGTIXIANCHUTAZHONGXIRONGHEDEKUANGUANGSHIJIE。MAOZEDONGTINGLELUOSUDEYANJIANG,DUILUOSUZHUZHANGGONGCHANZHUYIQUEFANDUIGONGNONGZHUANZHENG,XIWANGHUANQIGONGNONGQUEFANDUIGEMINGZHANZHENG,XIWANGYONGJIAOYUDEFANGSHISHIXIANMUBIAO,MINGQUEZHICHU"LILUNSHANGSHUODETONG,SHISHISHANGZUOBUDAO".[4]55MAOZEDONGZHUZHANGXINMINXUEHUIDEHUIYUANYINGBIANBUGEDIJINXINGXUEXIYANJIU,"JIANGGUJINZHONGWAIXUESHUDEDAGANGNONGGEQINGCHU",[5]466-467JINGGUOXIANGHUTAOLUNDEDAOBIANGETUQIANGDEDAOLU。TAZUIHOUXUANZEYISHEHUIZHUYIJIUZHONGGUO,YESHIZAIDUISHEHUIZHUYIYOULEZONGTIRENSHIHOU,ZAIDUISULIANSHEHUIZHUYIGEMINGJINXINGFENXIHOU,JIEHEZHONGGUOGUOQINGDEQINGXINGXUANZE。

                                  ZONGZHI,JIDUPOYOUZIZHISHU,YOUDUDONGWUZIZHISHU,WEIMAOZEDONGSHIXIANLILUNYUSHIJIXIANGJIEHE,LINGDAOGEMINGYUJIANSHEDIANDINGLEJIANSHIDECHUANGXINSIWEIJICHU;XUEGUANZHONGXI,XINGCHENGZHONGXIRONGHEDEKUANGUANGSHIJIE,WEIMAOZEDONGJIANGZHONGGUOWENTIFANGZAISHIJIESHIYEZHONGJINXINGSIKAO、XUNZHAOCHULU,DIANDINGLEJIANSHIDEKAIFANGSIWEIJICHU。ZHENGSHIZAIZHEIZHONGCHUANGXINSIWEIHEKAIFANGSIWEIJICHUSHANG,MAOZEDONGKAISHILEWEISHIXIANCHUXINSHIMINGDEWEIDACHUANGXINSHIJIAN。

                                  三、毛泽东实现初心使命的创新实践

                                星云棋牌官网下载   WEILESHIXIANCHUXINSHIMING,MAOZEDONGKAIZHANLECHIXUBUDUANDECHUANGXINSHIJIAN。KEYISHUO,CHUANGXINSHIJIANGUANCHUANYUMAOZEDONGLINGDAOZHONGGUOGEMINGDEQUANBUGUOCHENGZHIZHONG,CHENGWEIZHONGGUOGEMINGCHENGGONG、SHIXIANMINZUDULIYURENMINJIEFANGDEZHONGYAOFABAO。

                                  DIYI,JIANCHIJIANGMAKESIZHUYIYUZHONGGUOSHIJIXIANGJIEHE,TUIJINLEMAKESIZHUYIZHONGGUOHUADELILUNCHUANGXIN。DUTOUZHONGGUOYOUDUTOUMAKESIZHUYISHIMAOZEDONGNENGGOUZUIZHONGLINGDAOZHONGGUOGEMINGZOUXIANGSHENGLIDEGENBENSUOZAI。ZAIXINMINZHUZHUYIGEMINGSHIQI,MAOZEDONGZHICHU:RENQINGZHONGGUODEGUOQING,NAISHIRENQINGYIQIEGEMINGWENTIDEJIBENDEGENJU。ZHEIJISHITAQINGNIANSHIQISHIJIANFENGGEDEYANXU,YESHIDUIDANGDEJINGYANJIAOXUNZONGJIEDEJIEGUO。QINGNIANSHIQITADUIWEICHUYANGERCHUYANGDEXIANXIANGJINXINGPIPING:"'CHUYANG'LIANGZI,ZAIHAOXIERENZHISHIYIZHONG'MI'."[5]474TAZIJIXUANZELIUZAIGUONEIYANJIUXUEWEN,YINWEI"WURENSIYINGXIANYANJIUGUOWUGUOGUJINXUESHUOZHIDUDEDAYAO,ZAIDAOXIYANGLIUXUECAIYOUKEZIBIJIAODEDONGXI……YAOZAIXIANJINDESHIJIESHAOWEIJINYIDIANLI,DANGRANTUOBUKAI'ZHONGGUO'ZHEIGEDIPAN。GUANYUZHEIDIPANNEIDEQINGXING,SIBUKEBUJIAYISHIDIDEDIAOCHA,JIYANJIU".[5]474CANJIAGEMINGHOU,MAOZEDONGGENGJIAZHONGSHIDUIGUOQINGDELEJIE,BUDUANTUIJINDUIZHONGGUOSHEHUIDEDIAOCHAYANJIU。YUCITONGSHI,TAZIJUEYANXIMAKESIZHUYI,KEXUEDUIDAIMAKESIZHUYI。ZHONGGONGZAOQIZAISHENMESHIMAKESIZHUYI,ZENYANGDUIDAIMAKESIZHUYIWENTISHANG,DANGNEICHENGYUANCHUXIANLEFENQI。YOUQISHIWANGMINGCONGSULIANLIUXUEHUILAIHOU,JIEFANDUI"LISANLUXIAN"TICHUGENG"ZUO"DELUXIAN,JIAOTIAOHUADILIJIEMAKESILIENINGZHUYI。MAOZEDONGZAI1930NIAN5YUEXIELE《FANDUIBENBENZHUYI》YIWENJINXINGPIBO,ZHICHUZHONGGUOGONGCHANDANGZHISUOYIBAMAKESIZHUYIZUOWEIZIJIDEZHIDAOSIXIANG,JUEBUSHIYINWEI"MAKESIZHEIGERENSHISHENME'XIANZHE',ERSHIYINWEITADELILUNZAIWOMENDESHIJIANZHONG,ZAIWOMENDEDOUZHENGZHONG,ZHENGMINGLESHIDUIDE".[8]111ZUNYIHUIYIHOU,MAOZEDONGKAISHIXITONGSHULIZONGJIEZHENGZHILUXIANHEJUNSHILUXIANDEJINGYANJIAOXUN,RENSHIDAOYIQIEFENQIDEGUANJIANZAIYUZHEXUESHANGDEFENQI,ZAIYUJIANCHIHAISHIBEILIBIANZHENGWEIWULUNHELISHIWEIWULUN。[9]1937NIAN7YUE,MAOZEDONGXIELE《SHIJIANLUN》,YISHIJIANGUANDIANWEIJICHU,CHANSHULESHIJIANHERENSHIDEBIANZHENGTONGYIGUANXI。ZHIHOUTAYOUXIELE《MAODUNLUN》,SHENKECHANSHULEWEIWUZHUYIBIANZHENGFA。ZHEICHENGWEIFANDUIDANGNEIDEBENBENZHUYI、JIAOTIAOZHUYI、JINGYANZHUYIDEFABAO,BIAOZHIZHEZHONGGUOGONGCHANDANGRENZAISIXIANGSHANGLILUNSHANGZHUBUZOUXIANGCHENGSHU。[10]1938NIAN,MAOZEDONGZAILIUJIELIUZHONGQUANHUISHANGZUOLE《LUNXINJIEDUAN》DEBAOGAO,SHOUCIMINGQUETICHUMAKESIZHUYIZHONGGUOHUADEGAINIAN:"MAKESIZHUYIDEZHONGGUOHUA,SHIZHIZAIQIMEIYIBIAOXIANZHONGDAIZHEZHONGGUODETEXING,JISHISHUO,ANZHAOZHONGGUODETEDIANQUYINGYONGTA。"[11]658-659MAKESIZHUYIZHONGGUOHUADEDIYIGECHUANGXINLILUNCHENGGUO--MAOZEDONGSIXIANG,JIUSHIZAIZHONGGUOGEMINGHEJIANSHEDESHIJIANZHONGDEYIXINGCHENGHEBUDUANFAZHANDE。

                                  DIER,JIANCHICONGZHONGGUOGEMINGSHIJICHUFA,KAIPIJINGGANGSHANDAOLU,SHIXIANLEZHONGGUOGEMINGSHIJIANDEDAOLUCHUANGXIN。DAGEMINGSHIBAIHOU,ZHONGGUOGEMINGMIANLINXIANGHECHUQUDEWENTI。YIKAISHICHENGSHIZHONGXINLUNZHANJUSHANGFENG,DAO1928NIANCHU,DANGXIANHOUFADONGLEJINBAICIWUZHUANGQIYI,DANDABUFENHENKUAIZAOSHOUSHIBAI。MIANDUIXINXINGSHI,MAOZEDONGTICHU"SHANGSHAN"SIXIANG。1927NIAN6YUE,MAOZEDONGZAIWUHANZHAOJI"MARISHIBIAN"HOUCONGHUNANCHULAIDEDANGYUANKAIHUI,MINGQUETICHU"ZAISHANDESHANGSHAN,KAOHUDEXIAHU,NAQIQIANGGANZIBAOWEIGEMING".[12]81"BAQI"HUIYIHOU,MAOZEDONGMINGQUEBIAOSHITA"YAOSHANGSHANJIEJIAOLVLINPENGYOU".[13]10QIUSHOUQIYISHIBAIHOU,KEGUANXINGSHIDEFAZHANCHUFALEMAOZEDONG"SHANGSHAN"DEXINGDONG。1927NIAN9YUE19RI,MAOZEDONGZAIHUNANLIUYANGWENJIASHILIRENXUEXIAOZHUCHIZHAOKAIQIUSHOUQIYIQIANDIWEIYUANHUIHUIYI,JULILIZHENG,SHIHUIYITONGGUOLEXIANGPINGXIANGTUIQUEDEJUEYI。CISHIDEZHONGGONGZHONGYANGQUEZAIGONGCHANGUOJIDEZHIDAOXIAZUOCHULERANGMAOZEDONGDENGRENJINGONGZHANGSHADEJUEYI。QINGXINGDESHI,"DANGZHONGGONGZHONGYANGDEJUEYISONGDAOHUNANSHI,QIUSHOUQIYIBUDUIYIJINGXINGJINZAI'XIANGPINGXIANGTUIQUE'DESHANLINZHIZHONG,WUFACHUANDA,GENGBUKENENGSHIXING".[14]ZHIHOU,MAOZEDONGYITUOJINGGANGSHANKAISHILEGENJUDIJIANSHE,TAFENXIHONGSEZHENGQUANKEYICUNZAIHEFAZHANDEYUANYIN,BUDUANWANSHANGONGNONGWUZHUANGGEJUZUIZHONGDUOQUQUANGUOZHENGQUANDESIXIANG,TANSUOCHUZHONGGUOXINMINZHUZHUYIGEMINGDAOLU。SHANGJINGGANGSHAN,BUJINYISHIJIXINGDONGZHENGMINGLEGONGCHANGUOJIDUIZHONGGUOGEMINGZHIDAODEMANGMUXING,YEHUIJILEDANGNEIJIAOTIAOZHUYI、JINGYANZHUYICUOWU,DUIDANGYUANJINXINGLEYICISHENKEERSHENGDONGDEJIAOYU,TIXIANCHUMAOZEDONGDAOLUCHUANGXINZHONGDEZHENGZHIZHIHUI。

                                星云棋牌官网下载   DISAN,JIANCHIZHIJIZHIBITICHUCHIJIUZHAN、YOUJIZHANZHANLVE,SHIXIANLEKANGZHANJINCHENGZHONGDEJUNSHICHUANGXIN。MAOZEDONGLIZUZHONGGUOGEMINGDEJUTISHIJIAN,YIMAKESIZHUYIWEIZHIDAOSIXIANG,"CONGBIANDONGZHEDESHIJICHUFA,FENXISHIWUFAZHANDEQUXIANGJIQIKENENGXING",[15]CHUANGZAOXINGDITICHULECHIJIUZHANZHANLVE,KAICHUANGXINGDIFAZHANYOUJIZHAN,TIXIANCHUQIJUNSHICHUANGXINDEZHIHUI。DUISHIJIANDEZHUNQUEBAWOSHIMAOZEDONGJUNSHIZHANLVESIWEIDEJICHU,MAOZEDONGZAIKANGRIZHANZHENGZHONGDEJUNSHIZHANLVEDOUSHIJIANLIZAIDUIGUOJIZHANZHENGXINGSHI、GEMINGLILIANG、FANDONGLILIANGDEZHUNQUEBAWOJICHUZHISHANGDE。MAOZEDONGZHICHU:"ZHONGGUOGEMINGZHANZHENG--BULUNSHIGUONEIZHANZHENGHUOMINZUZHANZHENG,SHIZAIZHONGGUODETESHUHUANJINGZHINEIJINXINGDE,BIJIAOYIBANDEZHANZHENG,YIBANDEGEMINGZHANZHENG,YOUYOUTADETESHUDEQINGXINGHETESHUDEXINGZHI……RUGUOBUDONGDEZHEIXIE,JIUBUNENGZAIZHONGGUOGEMINGZHANZHENGZHONGDASHENGZHANG。"[16]691"YIGEDAERRUODEGUOJIABEILINGYIGEXIAOERQIANGDEGUOJIASUOGONGJI,DANSHIZHEIGEDAERRUODEGUOJIAQUECHUYUJINBUDESHIDAI",[17]230SHIDEYOUJIZHANZHENGCHENGWEIKANGRIZHANZHENGDEYIZHONGZHANLVE。ZHENDUIKANGRIZHANZHENGZHONGDE"SUSHENGLUN""WANGGUOLUN"YIJIKONGDONGDECHIJIUZHANLUN,MAOZEDONGYU1938NIAN5YUEFABIAOLE《LUNCHIJIUZHAN》,KEGUANFENXILEZHONGRIZHANZHENGDEXINGZHI、GUOJIALILIANGDUIBIHEFAZHANQUSHI,TICHULEKEXUEDECHIJIUZHANZHANLVE,RENWEIZHONGRIZHANZHENGCONGGENBENSHANGSHUOJIUSHI"BANZHIMINDIBANFENGJIANDEZHONGGUOHEDIGUOZHUYIDERIBENZHIJIANZAIERSHISHIJISANSHINIANDAIJINXINGDEYIGEJUESIDEZHANZHENG",ZHEISHIQUANBUWENTIDEGENJU。ZHENGYINRUCI,ZAIJINGGUO"DIZHIZHANLVEJINGONG、WOZHIZHANLVEFANGYU","DIZHIZHANLVEBAOSHOU、WOZHIZHANLVEFANGONG","WOZHIZHANLVEFANGONG、DIZHIZHANLVETUIQUE"[17]266-290SANGEJIEDUANHOU,ZHONGGUOKANGZHANBISHENG。《LUNCHIJIUZHAN》WEIKANGRIZHANZHENGDESHENGLITIGONGLEGENBENDELILUNZHIDAO,SHIXIANLEKANGZHANJINCHENGZHONGDEJUNSHICHUANGXIN。

                                星云棋牌官网下载   DISI,ZHUAZHUXINGSHIBIANHUAJIANDINGFUZHONGQINGTANPAN,SHIXIANLEZHONGGUOGONGCHANDANGZOUXIANGQUANGUODEZHENGZHICHUANGXIN。KANGZHANSHENGLIHOU,JIANGJIESHISANCIFADIANBAOYAOQINGMAOZEDONGFUZHONGQINGTANPAN,ZUOCHULEHEPINGJIANGUODEZITAI,POSHIMAOZEDONGJIUFANHESHIZHONGGONGZAIZHENGZHISHANGXIANRUQUANMIANBEIDONGDEJIONGDI。MIANDUIZHEIYIJUSHI,MAOZEDONGZHUADASHIKANZHULIU,RENWEIYINWEIRENMINAIHEPINGDEMINYI,YINWEIJIEFANGQUHE120WANRENMINJUNDUIDECUNZAI,YINWEIMEI、SUXIWANGDONGYAWENDINGDEYUQIU,QUZHONGQINGTANPANBUXUYAODANXINANQUANWENTI。TONGSHI,TADUIGUOGONGSHUANGFANGDEYOULI、BULIFANGMIANJINXINGLEDUIBIFENXI,ZUOCHULEFUZHONGQINGTANPANDEJUEDING,ZHENGQUTANPANDEZHUDONG,RANGJIANGJIESHICUOSHOUBUJI。MAOZEDONGTONGGUOYUGUOTONGQUGEJIECENGQUNZHONGDEGUANGFANJIECHU,ZUIDAXIANDUDITUANJIELEYIQIEAIHAOHEPINGDELILIANG,FAZHANLEZUIGUANGFANDETONGYIZHANXIAN,CONGERYOULIDITUIDONGLEGUOTONGQURENMINMINZHUYUNDONGDEPENGBOFAZHAN,CHENZHONGDIDAJILEGUOMINDANGFANDONGPAIZHENGQUAN。MAOZEDONGFUZHONGQINGTANPANJUYOUZHONGDADEYIYI,ZHANXIANLEQIGAOCHAODEZHENGZHIZHIHUI。TAXUANCHUANLEDANGDEHEPING、MINZHU、TUANJIEDEFANGZHENZHENGCE;GUANGFANJIECHUGUOMINDANGDEZUOZHONGYOUPAI,BAIFANGLEMINZHUDANGPAIHESHEHUIGEJIERENSHI,BAYANANDEQUNZHONGLUXIANHEGONGZUOZUOFENGDAIDAOLEZHONGQING;YIZHUAZHUNJIYU、ZHANXIANZIWODEXIANDAIXINGLINGXIUFENGFAN,TUIJINLEZHEICHANGZHENGZHICHUANGXIN,ZAIZHENGZHISHANGZHENGQULEZHUDONG,YIJUNIUZHUANLEJUSHI。

                                  DIWU,CONGJIANGUOCHUDESHIJICHUFAHUIFUJINGJI,YONGDUNANGUAN,SHIXIANLEXINZHONGGUOCHUQIDEJINGJIGUANLICHUANGXIN。ZHONGHUARENMINGONGHEGUODECHENGLIXIANGSHIJIEZHUANGYANXUANGAOZHONGGUORENMINCONGCIZHANQILAILE。DANSHIJIN40NIANDEDAXIAOZHANZHENG,SIDAJIAZUDEFENGKUANGLVEDUO,JIASHANGGUOMINZHENGFUBAITUIQIANDASIPOHUAIJILVEZOUJUEJINYINCAIFU,ZHONGGUOJINGJIYIJINQUANMIANBENGKUI。[18]15BUFASHANGRENZIBENJIARENWEI"GONGCHANDANGSHIJUNSHIYIBAIFEN,ZHENGZHIBASHIFEN,CAIJINGDALINGFEN",[19]60MINZUZIBENJIAGONGRANKANQINGGONGCHANDANGDEJINGJIZHILINENGLI,DASITOUJI,DUITONGHUOPENGZHANGTUIBOZHULAN。MIANDUIZHEICHANGYINGZHANG,MAOZEDONGJUEDINGCHENGLIZHONGYANGCAIZHENGJINGJIWEIYUANHUI,XUNSUTOURUXIAOCHUTONGHUOPENGZHANG、PINGYIWUJIA、WENDINGSHICHANGDEZHANDOU。YINSHANGHAIZAIQUANGUOJINGJIBANTUZHONGJUYOUJUZUQINGZHONGDEDIWEI,DAXIANGJINRONGBAOWEIZHANDEGUANJIANZHANCHANGJIUXUANZAILESHANGHAI。1950NIAN6YUE,SHANGHAISHIJUNSHIGUANZHIWEIYUANHUIBANBU《HUADONGJINYINHEWAIBIGUANLIBANFA》,XUANBURENMINBIWEIGUOJIAFADINGHUOBI,JINZHIJINYINJIJIAHELIUTONG,YIQIANGYINGSHOUDUANCHAFENGSHANGHAIZHENGQUANJIAOYISUO,YINGDELE"YINYUANZHIZHAN"DESHENGLI。ZAI"YINYUANZHIZHAN"ZHONGSHOUDAODAJIDESHANGHAITOUJIZIBENBUGANXINSHIBAI,"HENKUAIZHUANXIANGLIANGSHI、MIANSHAHEMEITANSHICHANG,CHENWUZIJIQIKUIFAZHIJI,DAZUOTOUJISHENGYI,YINFAYOUYICIQUANGUOXINGZHANGJIAKUANGCHAO".[20]ZHONGYANGCONGQUANGUOGEDICHOUCUOLIANG、MIAN、YOU、BUDENGGEZHONGWUZIYUNSONGDAOBEIJING、SHANGHAI、TIANJINDENGDACHENGSHI,TONGYIBUSHUCHANGKAIPAOSHOU,XUNSUPINGYIWUJIA。ZAIJIASHANGZHENGFUSHOUJINYINGEN、ZHENGSHOUSHUIKUAN,SHIDETOUJIZIBENJIAZIJINZHOUZHUANSHILING,ZHONGGUOGONGCHANDANGYOUYINGDELE"MIMIANZHIZHAN".ZHENGZHISHANGGAODUZHONGSHI,JINGJISHANGTONGCHOUBAWO,DUOZHONGSHOUDUANQISHANGZHEN,ZHONGGUOGONGCHANDANGZAIYUTOUJIZIBENDOUZHENGDEGUOCHENGZHONGQUDELESHENGLI,YINGDELEZHUDONG,JILEILEJINGYAN,TIXIANLEMAOZEDONGZAIJINGJIJIANSHEHEGUANLISHANGDECHUANGXIN。

                                  四、结语

                                  MAOZEDONGQUELICHUXINSHIMING,ZUODAOLEXINNIANRUGANG,SHIZHIBUYU;MAOZEDONGSHIXIANCHUXINSHIMING,ZUODAOLELILUNYUSHIJIXIANGJIEHE,BUDUANTUIJINWEIDADECHUANGXINSHIJIAN。XINSHIDAIZHONGGUOGONGCHANDANGRENYAOBUWANGCHUXIN、LAOJISHIMING,YAOFAYANGMAOZEDONGDECHUANGXINJINGSHEN,TUIJINWEISHIXIANCHUXINSHIMINGBUDUANKAITUOCHUANGXINDEWEIDASHIJIAN。

                                  DIYI,ZAIXINSHIDAIWEIDASHIJIANZHONG,YAOSHIKEBUWANGGONGCHANDANGRENDECHUXINSHIMING。JIUJINGMONANDEZHONGHUAMINZUZAIZHONGGUOGONGCHANDANGLINGDAOXIAJINGLILEZHANQILAI、FUQILAIDEGUOCHENG,JINRULEQIANGQILAIDEXINSHIDAI,ZHEISHIZHONGGUOGONGCHANDANGRENBUWANGCHUXIN、JIANXINGSHIMING、BUDUANFENDOUDEJIEGUO。ZAIDANGDESHIJIUDABAOGAOZHONG,XIJINPINGMINGQUELEDANGDECHUXINSHIMINGDENEIHAN:"BUWANGCHUXIN,FANGDESHIZHONG。ZHONGGUOGONGCHANDANGRENDECHUXINHESHIMING,JIUSHIWEIZHONGGUORENMINMOUXINGFU,WEIZHONGHUAMINZUMOUFUXING。ZHEIGECHUXINHESHIMINGSHIJILIZHONGGUOGONGCHANDANGRENBUDUANQIANJINDEGENBENDONGLI。"TAQIANGDIAO:"QUANDANGTONGZHIYIDINGYAOYONGYUANYURENMINTONGHUXI、GONGMINGYUN、XINLIANXIN,YONGYUANBARENMINDUIMEIHAOSHENGHUODEXIANGWANGZUOWEIFENDOUMUBIAO,YIYONGBUXIEDAIDEJINGSHENZHUANGTAIHEYIWANGWUQIANDEFENDOUZITAI,JIXUCHAOZHESHIXIANZHONGHUAMINZUWEIDAFUXINGDEHONGWEIMUBIAOFENYONGQIANJIN。"[21]ZAIKAOCHAJIAXINGNANHUSHI,XIJINPINGYOUZHICHU:"SHIYEFAZHANYONGWUZHIJING,GONGCHANDANGRENDECHUXINYONGYUANBUNENGGAIBIAN。WEIYOUBUWANGCHUXIN,FANGKEGAOWEILISHI、GAOWEIXIANBEI,FANGKEYINGDEMINXIN、YINGDESHIDAI,FANGKESHANZUOSHANCHENG、YIWANGWUQIAN。"[22]

                                星云棋牌官网下载   DIER,ZAIXINSHIDAIWEIDASHIJIANZHONG,YAOSHIKEBAWOHAOZHONGGUOGUOQING。MAOZEDONGCHUANGXINZHIHUIFAHUIDEGENBENJICHUSHIZHONGGUOGUOQINGHEGEMINGSHIJI。SHIDAISHISIXIANGZHIMU,MAOZEDONGSIXIANGGENZHIYU20SHIJIZHONGGUOGEMINGHEJIANSHEDESHIJI,GENZHIYU20SHIJISHIJIEMINZUJIEFANGDACHAO。XINSHIDAIXIAXINDEWEIDASHIJIANTONGYANGYAOLIZUYUSHIDAIXINTEDIAN,BAWOHAOZHONGGUOGUOQING。DANGQIANDEGUOQINGZHENGRUXIJINPINGZHICHUDE,"GAIGEDAOLEYIGEXINDEZHONGYAOGUANTOU,TUIJINGAIGEDEFUZACHENGDU、MINGANCHENGDU、JIANJUCHENGDU,YIDIANDOUBUYAYUSANSHIDUONIANQIAN".[23]40YINCI,BIXUYAO"SHENHUALILUNWUZHUANGQIUZHENDI、SHENRUDIAOCHAYANJIUZHONGSHIJI".[24]132XIJINPINGDUOCIQIANGDIAODIAOCHADEZHONGYAOXING,YAOQIUDANGYUANGANBUDUOXIAJICENGDIAOCHAYANJIU、ZHANGWODIYISHOUQINGKUANG,ZAIZONGHEFENXIHOUZHAOCHUJIEJUEWENTIDEFANGFA。XIJINPINGSHIZHEIYANGYAOQIUDANGYUANGANBUDE,YESHIZHEIYANGSHENTILIXINGDE。JU"XUEXIZHONGGUO"DASHUJUPINGTAIDETONGJI,XIJINPINGZI2012NIAN11YUE15RIJIURENZHONGGONGZHONGYANGZONGSHUJIHOU,ZAI3NIANDUODESHIJIANLI,JIUZAIQUANGUO25GESHENG、ZIZHIQU、ZHIXIASHIHETEBIEXINGZHENGQUZHANKAIDIAOYAN、KAOCHA40CI。ZAISHENKEBAWOZHONGGUOGUOQINGDEJICHUSHANG,XIJINPINGZONGSHUJITICHULEZHONGGUOJINRUGAIGESHENSHUIQU、GONGJIANQIDEPANDUAN,TICHULE"SIGEQUANMIAN"DEZHANLVESIXIANG。

                                星云棋牌官网下载   DISAN,ZAIXINSHIDAIWEIDASHIJIANZHONG,YAOXUEHAOKEXUELILUN,BUDUANTUIJINLILUNCHUANGXIN。MAOZEDONGCHUANGXINZHIHUIFAHUIDEYUANTOUHUOSHUIJIUSHIMAKESIZHUYI。SHIDAIZAIBIANHUA,DUIMAKESIZHUYIDEYANJIUYEYAOJIXUSHENHUA,MAKESIZHUYIZHONGGUOHUADELISHIJINCHENGBINGMEIYOUJIESHU。XIJINPINGZHICHU:"ZHIYOUXUEDONGLEMAKESILIENINGZHUYI、MAOZEDONGSIXIANG、DENGXIAOPINGLILUN、'SANGEDAIBIAO'ZHONGYAOSIXIANG、KEXUEFAZHANGUAN,TEBIESHILINGHUILEGUANCHUANQIZHONGDEMAKESIZHUYILICHANG、GUANDIAN、FANGFA,CAINENGXINMINGYANLIANG,CAINENGSHENKERENSHIHEZHUNQUEBAWOGONGCHANDANGZHIZHENGGUILV、SHEHUIZHUYIJIANSHEGUILV、RENLEISHEHUIFAZHANGUILV,CAINENGSHIZHONGJIANDINGLIXIANGXINNIAN,CAINENGZAIFENFANFUZADEXINGSHIXIAJIANCHIKEXUEZHIDAOSIXIANGHEZHENGQUEQIANJINFANGXIANG。"[25]404-405ZAIJINIANMAKESIDANCHEN200ZHOUNIANDEJIANGHUAZHONG,XIJINPINGZAICIQIANGDIAO:"MAKESIZHUYISIXIANGLILUNBODAJINGSHEN、CHANGXUECHANGXIN。XINSHIDAI,ZHONGGUOGONGCHANDANGRENRENGRANYAOXUEXIMAKESI,XUEXIHESHIJIANMAKESIZHUYI,BUDUANCONGZHONGJIQUKEXUEZHIHUIHELILUNLILIANG,ZAITONGCHOUTUIJIN'WUWEIYITI'ZONGTIBUJU、XIEDIAOTUIJIN'SIGEQUANMIAN'ZHANLVEBUJUZHONG,GENGYOUDINGLI、GENGYOUZIXIN、GENGYOUZHIHUIDIJIANCHIHEFAZHANXINSHIDAIZHONGGUOTESESHEHUIZHUYI,QUEBAOZHONGHUAMINZUWEIDAFUXINGDEJULUNSHIZHONGYANZHEZHENGQUEHANGXIANGPOLANGQIANXING。"[26]

                                星云棋牌官网下载   DISI,ZAIXINSHIDAIWEIDASHIJIANZHONG,YAOJIXUFENDOU,BUDUANTUIJINSHIJIANCHUANGXIN。MAOZEDONGWEISHIXIANCHUXINSHIMINGTUIJINDEWEIDASHIJIAN,QIZHONGDEZHUXIANJIUSHIYUNYONGMAKESIZHUYILILUNZHIDAO,GENJUZHONGGUOGEMINGSHIJIBUDUANFENDOU,KAIZHANSHIJIANCHUANGXIN。JINRUXINSHIDAI,ZHONGGUOGONGCHANDANGGENGXUYAOJIXUJIANCHIHEFAYANGJIANKUFENDOUDEJINGSHEN。"TIANSHANGBUHUIDIAOXIANBING,NULIFENDOUCAINENGMENGXIANGCHENGZHEN","KONGTANWUGUO、SHIGANXINGBANG"……XIJINPINGGUANYU"SHIGAN""KUGAN"DEJINJUCHUCHUXIANSHICHUXINYIDAIZHONGGONGZHONGYANGLINGDAOJITIDUIJIANKUFENDOUJINGSHENDECHUANCHENGYUHONGYANG。YAOSHIXIAN"LIANGGEYIBAINIAN"DEFENDOUMUBIAO,XUYAODANGLIZUZHONGGUO、FANGYANSHIJIE,JIANCHICHUXINSHIMING,YIXIJINPINGXINSHIDAIZHONGGUOTESESHEHUIZHUYISIXIANGWEIZHIDAO,BUDUANTUIJINXINDEWEIDADESHIJIANCHUANGXIN。

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                                  段治文,陈锋.论毛泽东的创新思维与初心使命[J].中国浦东干部学院学报,2020,14(01):82-88.
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