星云棋牌官网下载

    1. <form id='5u4j7'></form>
        <bdo id='5u4j7'><sup id='5u4j7'><div id='5u4j7'><bdo id='5u4j7'></bdo></div></sup></bdo>

          • <small id='1jrzs'></small><noframes id='1jrzs'>

          • <tfoot id='1jrzs'></tfoot>

              <legend id='1jrzs'><style id='1jrzs'><dir id='1jrzs'><q id='1jrzs'></q></dir></style></legend>
              <i id='1jrzs'><tr id='1jrzs'><dt id='1jrzs'><q id='1jrzs'><span id='1jrzs'><b id='1jrzs'><form id='1jrzs'><ins id='1jrzs'></ins><ul id='1jrzs'></ul><sub id='1jrzs'></sub></form><legend id='1jrzs'></legend><bdo id='1jrzs'><pre id='1jrzs'><center id='1jrzs'></center></pre></bdo></b><th id='1jrzs'></th></span></q></dt></tr></i><div id='1jrzs'><tfoot id='1jrzs'></tfoot><dl id='1jrzs'><fieldset id='1jrzs'></fieldset></dl></div>

                  <bdo id='1jrzs'></bdo><ul id='1jrzs'></ul>

                  1. <form id='0zdw5'></form>
                      <bdo id='0zdw5'><sup id='0zdw5'><div id='0zdw5'><bdo id='0zdw5'></bdo></div></sup></bdo>

                          学术堂首页 | 文献求助论文范文 | 论文题目 | 参考文献 | 开题报告 | 论文格式 | 摘要提纲 | 论文致谢 | 论文查重 | 论文答辩 | 论文发表 | 期刊杂志 | 论文写作 | 论文PPT
                          学术堂专业论文学习平台您当前的位置:学术堂 > 历史论文 > 近代史纲要论文

                          毛泽东政党协商的伦理思想对当代的启迪

                          时间:2019-03-10 来源:中南大学学报(社会科学版) 作者:李雅兴,伍安 本文字数:13884字

                            摘要:毛泽东在与国民党及各民主党派进行政治协商的过程中,形成了内容丰富的政党协商伦理思想。这一思想既根植于中华五千多年的优秀传统文化和马克思主义政党理论,又催发于毛泽东的成长历程和伟大革命实践,经历了发端、形成和成熟的过程。作为中国新型政党制度的创立者,毛泽东奠定了公平正义、诚敬谦和、民主平等、廉洁勤政等政党协商伦理思想,为开展协商提供了道德基础和作风保障。深刻理解毛泽东政党协商的伦理思想,对推进新时代政党协商具有重要启示,必须坚持以强国复兴为协商目标,以党际关系平等为协商前提,以道德品行夯实协商基础,以民主作风提升协商实效。

                            关键词:星云棋牌官网下载毛泽东; 政党协商; 伦理思想; 民主党派;

                            Abstract:

                            As the founder of China's new political party system, Mao Zedong followed certain codes of conduct and norms in the process of political consultation with the Kuomintang and other democratic parties, which contained rich Party ethics. The ethical thoughts of Mao Zedong's party were rooted in the excellent traditional culture of more than 5 000 years of Chinese culture and the ethical thoughts of Marxist party. They also ushered in Mao Zedong's growth process and great revolutionary practice, and experienced the process of origin, formation and maturity. The value orientation, behavior mode, organizational dignity and moral quality of the consultation constitute the party ethics of fairness, justice, sincerity, democracy, equality, honesty, and diligence, and provide moral foundation and style guarantee for developing consultation. A profound understanding of Mao's ethical thoughts has important enlightenment for strengthening the party's consultation in the new era. We must insist on strengthening and rejuvenating the country as the goal of consultation, and taking equal inter-party relation as the premise of the consultation, enhancing moral character as the basis of consultation and improving democratic style as factual effect of consultation.

                          星云棋牌官网下载   Keyword:

                          星云棋牌官网下载   Mao Zedong; party consultation; ethical thought; democratic party;

                          毛泽东

                            ZHENGDANGXIESHANGSHIZHONGGUOGONGCHANDANGTONGMINZHUDANGPAIJIYUGONGTONGDEZHENGZHIMUBIAO,JIUDANGHEGUOJIAZHONGDAFANGZHENZHENGCEHEZHONGYAOSHIWU,ZAIJUECEZHIQIANHEJUECESHISHIZHIZHONG,ZHIJIEJINXINGZHENGZHIXIESHANGDEZHONGYAOMINZHUXINGSHI[1].TASHIZHONGGUOXINXINGZHENGDANGZHIDUDEZHONGYAONEIRONG,SHISHEHUIZHUYIXIESHANGMINZHUZUIZHONGYAODEXINGSHI,YESHIZHONGGUOGONGCHANDANGTIGAOZHIZHENGNENGLIDEZHONGYAOTUJING。MAOZEDONGZUOWEIZHONGGUOXINXINGZHENGDANGZHIDUDECHUANGLIZHE,ZAIYUGUOMINDANGJIGEMINZHUDANGPAIJINXINGZHENGZHIXIESHANGDEGUOCHENGZHONG,ZUNXUNYIDINGDEXINGWEIGUIFANHEZHUNZE,XINGCHENGLENEIHANFENGFUDEZHENGDANGXIESHANGLUNLISIXIANG,BAOKUOGONGPINGZHENGYI、CHENGJINGQIANHE、MINZHUPINGDENG、LIANJIEQINZHENGDENG,SHIMAOZEDONGCHULIZHENGDANGGUANXIDEDUTEBIAOSHI,CHENGWEIMAOZEDONGSIXIANGDEZHONGYAOZUCHENGBUFEN。RANER,YIWANGXUEJIEHENSHAOYOUSHEJIMAOZEDONGZHENGDANGXIESHANGLUNLISIXIANGDEYANJIU,ZHEIWUFATUXIANMAOZEDONGZUOWEIRENMINLINGXIUDUTEDERENGEMEILI,YEJIUWUFALIJIEMAOZEDONGZHENGDANGXIESHANGSIXIANGCHUANYUESHIKONGDEYONGHENGJIAZHI。BENWENSHITUDUIMAOZEDONGZHENGDANGXIESHANGDELUNLISIXIANGJINXINGSHULIHETANXI,YIJIUJIAOYUFANGJIA。

                            一、形成理路:毛泽东政党协商伦理思想的来源与脉络

                            (YI)LILUNHESHIJIANDELAIYUAN

                            MAOZEDONGZHENGDANGXIESHANGDELUNLISIXIANGBUSHICONGTIANSHANGDIAOXIALAIDE,SHICONGDUIZHONGHUAWUQIANDUONIANDEYOUXIUCHUANTONGWENHUAHEMAKESIZHUYIDECHUANCHENGFAZHANZHONGDECHULAIDE,SHICONGMAOZEDONGGERENCHENGZHANGLICHENGHEWEIDAGEMINGSHIJIANZHONGZONGJIECHULAIDE,JUYOUSHENHOUDELISHIYUANYUAN、LILUNJICHUHEXIANSHIJICHU。

                          星云棋牌官网下载   DIYI,GENZHIYUZHONGGUOCHUANTONGWENHUAHEMAKESIZHUYIZHIZHONG。ZHONGGUOCHUANTONGWENHUABODAJINGSHEN,YOUZHEFENGFUDEGUANYUGONGPINGZHENGYI、CHENGJINGQIANHE、MINZHUPINGDENG、LIANJIEQINZHENGDESIXIANGHESHIJIAN,WEIZHENGDANGXIESHANGDELUNLISIXIANGTIGONGLEFENGHOUDEJINGSHENZIYANG。WOGUOGUDAIDE"GONGTIANXIA"HE"TIANXIADATONG"SIXIANGSHIGONGPINGZHENGYIDESIXIANGYUANYUAN;ZHONGGUOSUYOU"LIYIZHIBANG"DEMEICHENG,"CHENGZHIZHE,RENZHIDAOYE""LIZHE,JINGERYIYI""MANZHAOSUN、QIANSHOUYI"DENGGUANNIANZAIWOGUOGENSHENDIGU,CHENGWEICHENGJINGQIANHEDESIXIANGLAIYUAN;"JUNZIHEERBUTONG""HEWEIGUI""JISUOBUYU,WUSHIYUREN"DENGSIXIANGCHENGWEIMINZHUPINGDENGDESIXIANGLAIYUAN;"LIYILIANCHI,GUOZHISIWEI""GONGSHENGMING,LIANSHENGWEI"JIQIANBAINIANLAI"XIUSHENQIJIAZHIGUOPINGTIANXIA"DEGUXUNSHILIANJIEQINZHENGDESIXIANGYANGLIAO。MAOZEDONGFEICHANGZHONGSHIDUICHUANTONGWENHUADEJIQU,《JIANGTANGLU》JILULETAXUEXIGUOWENKEHEXIUSHENKEDEDALIANGYANLUN,RUTUICHONG"WEISHENGMINLIDAO",BINGCHANSHIWEI"XIANGSHENGXIANGYANGXIANGWEIXIANGZHIZHIDAO";RENWEI"SHENGXIAN,DEYEJUQUANZHE""YAOYISHENGDADEZAIYIGEJINGZI";ZHUZHANG"BUHAOLI,ZAOQI,HAODUSHU,QIAN,CIWEILIANGXIGUAN";QIANGDIAO"RENZHIWEIREN,YIXIANSHENGWEIQIXIANG,ERXIAOYILIANCHIJISHENGYAN""LANDUOWANEZHIYUANSOU".MAOZEDONGZUOWEIYIDAIGUOXUEDASHI,BUJINJIANGCHUANTONGWENHUA"GUWEIJINYONG",ERQIE"TUICHENCHUXIN",ZHANGXIANCHUYUCIQIHEDEJIAZHIZHUIQIU。MAKESIZHUYISHIMAOZEDONGZHENGDANGXIESHANGLUNLISIXIANGDELILUNJICHU。MAKESIENGESIZAI《GONGCHANDANGXUANYAN》ZHONGZHICHU:"WUCHANJIEJIDEYUNDONGSHIJUEDADUOSHURENDE、WEIJUEDADUOSHURENMOULIYIDEDULIDEYUNDONG",GONGCHANDANGREN"MEIYOURENHETONGZHENGGEWUCHANJIEJIDELIYIBUTONGDELIYI""DAOCHUDOUNULIZHENGQUQUANSHIJIEDEMINZHUZHENGDANGZHIJIANDETUANJIEHEXIEDIAO,""DAITINEICUNZAIZHEJIEJIHEJIEJIDUILIDEZICHANJIEJIJIUSHEHUIDE,JIANGSHIZHEIYANGYIGELIANHETI,ZAINEILI,MEIGERENDEZIYOUFAZHANSHIYIQIERENDEZIYOUFAZHANDETIAOJIAN。"ZHEIXIEDUIMAOZEDONGYINGXIANGHENDA,TACENGDUIMEIGUOJIZHEAIDEJIA·SINUOSHUOGUO:《GONGCHANDANGXUANYAN》DENGSHU"TEBIESHENDIMINGKEZAIWODEXINZHONG,JIANLIQIWODUIMAKESIZHUYIDEXINYANG"[2](131)。MAOZEDONGZUOWEIWEIDADEMAKESIZHUYIZHE,JICHENGHEFAZHANLEZHEIXIESHANSHUOZHEZHIHUIGUANGMANGDEZHENGDANGLUNLISIXIANG,BINGYUZHONGGUOJUTISHIJIJIEHEQILAI,SHIXIANLEMAKESIZHUYIZHENGDANGXIESHANGLUNLISIXIANGDEZHONGGUOHUA。

                          星云棋牌官网下载   DIER,CUIFAYUMAOZEDONGDECHENGZHANGJINGLIHEGEMINGSHIJIANZHIZHONG。MAOZEDONGDECHENGZHANGJINGLISHIQIZHENGDANGXIESHANGLUNLISIXIANGDENEISHENGDONGLI。MAOZEDONGCHUSHENZAIYIGEFUNONGJIALI,FUQINPIQIBAOZAO、DONGZHEDAMA,SHITA"JINGSHENSHANGGANDAOHENYAYI",TAKEWANGGONGZHENGPINGDENG,CHANGCHANG"GONGKAIFANKANG,BAOWEIZIJIDEQUANLI";XIANGDAOZHONGGUOJIUXIAOSHUOLIMEIYOUZHONGTIANDENONGMIN、KANDAOTAMENHUOESIHUOBAODONGBEISHA,"DUIYUTAMENSHOUDAODEYUANQU,SHENGANBUPING",YINWEIZHEIXIELAOBAIXING"XIANGZIJIJIALIRENNEIYANG",ZHEISHI"YINGXIANGLEWODEYISHENG"[2](110-111),LIZHIJIEJIUBAIXING。ZAIHUNANYISHIQIUXUEQIJIAN,MAOZEDONGSHENSHOULUNLIXUEDASHIYANGCHANGJIXIANSHENGDEYINGXIANG,GENTAXIUSHENZHIXUE,GAOYANGLUNLIYIZHIYOUQIANGHUAQIUSHIWUSHIJINGSHEN。MAOZEDONGDEGEMINGSHIJIANJINGLISHIQIZHENGDANGXIESHANGLUNLISIXIANGDEWAIBUZHULI。CHUZAISHEHUIDONGDANG、MINZUWEIJIHESHEHUIWEIJIDUOCENGZHONGYADEBANZHIMINDIBANFENGJIANGUOJIA,MAOZEDONGXIONGHUAITIANXIA、XINYOUCANGSHENG。TAZAIDAGEMINGSHILIZHUZUCHENG"LIANHEZHANXIAN"YIFANDIFANFENG、JIUGUOJIUMIN、FENQINGDIYOU;DAGEMINGSHIBAIHOURENSHIDAO"QIANGGANZILIMIANCHUZHENGQUAN",ZHUZHONGFADONGGONGNONGQUNZHONG,BINGYUGUOMINDANGZUOPAIDENGZUZHILIANHE;KANGRIZHANZHENGLIZUJIAOWENSHIJITANSUOMINZHUZHENGQUANJIANSHE,WEISHIXIANMINZUDULIHERENMINJIEFANGERJIANCHI"TUANJIEDAODI",ZHUZHONGZISHENDE"MOFANGONGZUO"HEQIANGDIAO"QIEJIWODANGBAOBANYIQIE";JIEFANGZHANZHENGSHIQIWEIZHENGQUGUONEIHEPINGMINZHUXIELICUCHENGJIUZHENGXIEHUIYIDEZHAOKAI,ZAIHEPINGWUWANGQINGKUANGXIA,JIANJUECHEDIXIAOMIEFANDONGPAI,CHANGDAOZHAOKAIXINZHENGXIEHUIYI,LINGDAOGEMINZHUDANGPAIGONGSHANGGUOSHI。

                            (ER)XINGCHENGHEFAZHANDEMAILUO

                            MAOZEDONGZHENGDANGXIESHANGDELUNLISIXIANGSHISUIZHEZHONGGUOGONGCHANDANGYUGEDANGPAIYIJIQITASHEHUILILIANGJILIANHEYOUDOUZHENGERTONGBUFAZHANDE,JINGLILEFADUAN、XINGCHENG、CHENGSHUDEGUOCHENG。

                          星云棋牌官网下载   DIYI,FADUANYUZHONGGUOGONGCHANDANGCHENGLIDAOKANGRIMINZUTONGYIZHANXIANQUELIDEQIANXI。MAOZEDONGZAIZHONGGUOGONGCHANDANGCHENGLIZHICHUJIUYIZHUYIDAOMINZHULIANHEZHANXIANDEZHONGYAOZUOYONG,ZUZHIHUNANGONGRENYUNDONGCHUQITONGGUOTONGWUZHENGFUZHUYIZHEDEXIESHANG,FANGZHILETAMENXUDUOQINGLVHEWUYIDEXINGDONG。1923NIANHAOZHAOJIANLIBAOKUO"QUANGUOSHANGREN……NAIZHIGEZHONGGESEFANSHUTONGSHOUYAPODEGUOMIN"ZAINEIDE"YANMIDELIANHEZHANXIAN"[3](114)。ZAIDIYICIGUOGONGHEZUOZHONG,MAOZEDONGYINGONGZUOJIJIBEIDANGNEITONGZHIJIWEI"HUHANMINDEMISHU",ERTAQUEQUANBUZAIYI,TONGGUOSHIDIDIAOCHADUOCIZHUANWENHUIYINGGUOGONGHEZUOZHONGDE"ZUO"QINGCUOWUHEYOUQINGCUOWU;HEZUOPOLIEHOU,TAYOUJIANJUEZHUZHANGWUZHUANGFANKANGGUOMINDANG。ZHEIZHONGWEILEGEMINGCHENGGONGBIXULIANHEDESIXIANG,YIJIWEILELIANHERENRUFUZHONGDEXINGWEITIXIANLEMAOZEDONGDUIXIESHANGLUNLIJINGSHENDEZHIZHUZHUIQIU。MIANDUIRIBENDIGUOZHUYIDEQINLVE,YIMAOZEDONGWEIDAIBIAODEZHONGGUOGONGCHANDANGRENBAGUOJIAMINZUDELIYIBAIZAISHOUWEI,FANGXIAGUOMINDANGPANBIANGEMING、DASITUSHAGONGCHANDANGRENHEGEMINGQUNZHONGDESHENCHOUDAHEN,ZUOCHULE"FANJIANGKANGRI"DAO"BIJIANGKANGRI"ZAIDAO"LIANJIANGKANGRI"DEZHANLVEBUSHU,JIESHULIJINGSHINIANDEWUZHUANGDUIKANG。HEPINGJIEJUEXIANSHIBIAN,ZHENGQUEYINDAOJIEJIDOUZHENGXIANGMINZUDOUZHENGDEZHUANBIAN,BINGJIJIHAOZHAOJIANLI"QUANGUOGEDANGGEPAIGEJIEGEJUNDEKANGRIMINZUTONGYIZHANXIAN".ZHEIZHONGMINZUZHISHANGDEDAYI、KUANDATANDANGDEXIONGHUAIBIAOZHIZHEMAOZEDONGZHENGDANGXIESHANGLUNLISIXIANGDEFADUAN。

                          星云棋牌官网下载   DIER,XINGCHENGYUKANGRIMINZUTONGYIZHANXIANDEQUELIDAO"WUYIKOUHAO"DEFABUQIANXI。WEIWANJIUMINZUWEIWANG,MAOZEDONGJIEJINQUANLI,ZUIZHONGCUSHIQUANMINZUKANGRITONGYIZHANXIANDEXINGCHENG,YINGLAIDIERCIGUOGONGHEZUO。MAOZEDONGFEICHANGZHONGSHIZUOWEIKANGRIMINZUTONGYIZHANXIANDEXIESHANGPINGTAIDEGUOMINCANZHENGHUI,QINZIDANRENGUOMINCANZHENGYUAN,WEIYOUHAOXIESHANGJIEJUEZHONGYAOWENTIFAHUIZHONGYAOZUOYONG。TAZAIGENJUDIZHENGQUANJIANSHEZHONG,SHIFENZHUZHONGYUDANGWAIRENSHIDEMINZHUHEZUO,ANZHAO"SANSANZHI"YUANZEJIANLILE"SANSANZHI"ZHENGQUAN,WEIZHENGDANGXIESHANGGONGSHIDAXIALELAOGUDEZHENGQUANJICHU。TONGSHI,TADUIZHENGQUANDEZUZHIXINGSHIYEZUOCHULEMINGQUEDEGUIDING,JI"YINGSHIMINZHUJIZHONGZHI"[4](743),QIANGDIAOHEZUOYISHIYAOKAIZHANGUANGFANDEXIESHANGTAOLUN,RANHOUCAIZUOCHUTONGYIJUECE。ZHEIZHONGZHIDUDEXINGCHENGSHIXIANLEMINZHUJICHUSHANGDEJIZHONGHEJIZHONGZHIDAOXIADEMINZHUDEJIEHE,CONGERDIANDINGLEXIESHANGDEZHIDULUNLI[5].CONGSHIXINGXIAOGUOLAIKAN,CHUANGZAOLEMINZHUYUNDONGDEQIJI,WEIZHENGDANGXIESHANGTIGONGLEZHIDUBAOZHENG。TAGENGJINYIBUKAOLVDAOGONGCHANDANGYUANZAIXIESHANGGONGSHIZHONGKENENGCHUXIANDEWENTI,WEICITEYIZUOLEZHUDUOXIZHIDEYAOQIU,TICHANGMINZHUZUOFENG,LIQIUKEFUXIAAIXING,CONGERWEIXIESHANGHEZUOTIGONGLEKEKAODEZUOFENGBAOZHANG。JINGUANCONG1947NIANDIKAISHI,YOUYUDUOFANGMIANYUANYINMAOZEDONGTICHUBUZAIGAO"SANSANZHI"ZHENGCE,DANZAI1948NIAN4YUESIDALINLAIDIANJIANYIHOUYOUSHENMINGJIXUZHIXING[6].ZHEIZHONGZHENGQUANZUZHI、ZHIDUSHEJIHEZUOFENGYAOQIUBIAOZHIZHEMAOZEDONGZHENGDANGXIESHANGLUNLISIXIANGDEXINGCHENG。

                            DISAN,CHENGSHUYUXINZHONGGUOJIANLIQIANHOU。1948NIAN,ZHONGGUOGONGCHANDANGFABIAO"WUYIKOUHAO",DEDAOGEMINZHUDANGPAI、GERENMINTUANTIDERELIEXIANGYING。CONGXINZHENGXIEDECHOUBEIDAOBIMU,MAOZEDONGQINZILINGDAOHEZUZHI,BINGTONGDANGWAIRENSHIMINZHUHEZUO、PINGDENGXIESHANG,WANCHENGLEXIESHANGJIANLIXINZHONGGUODESHIMING。XINZHENGXIEKAICHUANGLEXIESHANGXINJUMIAN,TEBIESHI《ZHONGGUORENMINZHENGZHIXIESHANGHUIYIGONGTONGGANGLING》YIFALVXINGSHIQUELILEDANGLINGDAOXIADEDUODANGHEZUOHEZHENGZHIXIESHANGDEJIBENZHENGZHIZHIDU,SHIZHENGZHIXIESHANGYOULEKEKAODEZHIDUZAITI,XIANSHILEMAOZEDONGZHENGDANGXIESHANGLUNLISIXIANGDECHUBUCHENGSHU。XINZHONGGUOCHENGLIHOU,MAOZEDONGMEIYOUYINWEIGONGCHANDANGSHIZHIZHENGDANGERQINGSHIQITAGEMINZHUDANGPAI,QIANGDIAO"SHOUZHANGSHOUBEIDOUSHIROU",BAOZHENGDANGWAIRENSHIZAIZHENGFURENZHIZHONGBUJINZHANJIAOGAOBILI,ERQIEQUEYOUSHIZHISHIQUAN,SHIMINZHUDANGPAIYENENGDANGJIAZUOZHU。《GUANYUZHENGQUECHULIRENMINNEIBUMAODUNDEWENTI》DENGZHUZUOJINYIBUSHENHUALEXIESHANGSIXIANGDENEIHAN,TICHUGONGCHANDANGHEMINZHUDANGPAIZHIJIAN"ZHANGQICUNZAI、HUXIANGJIANDU"DEFANGZHENHE"GONGCHANDANGWANSUI、MINZHUDANGPAIWANSUI"[7]DEKOUHAO,BIAOZHIZHEMAOZEDONGZHENGDANGXIESHANGLUNLISIXIANGDEWANQUANCHENGSHU。JINGUANQIHOUDEFANYOUDOUZHENGKUODAHUAHEWENHUADAGEMINGPOHUAILEZHENGDANGXIESHANGZHIDU,DANZHEISHIZAITANSUOZHONGGUOTESESHEHUIZHUYIDAOLUGUOCHENGZHONGDECUOWU,BINGBUSHIMAOZEDONGDEYIYUAN。

                            二、基本内涵:毛泽东政党协商伦理思想的内容解读

                            MAOZEDONGZAIZHENGDANGXIESHANGZHONG,SHIZHONGJIANCHISHISHIQIUSHI、QUANXINWEIMIN、MINZHUJIZHONG、PINGDENGXIESHANG、LIANJIEQINZHENG,CHENGWEIXIESHANGDEKAIMO;TADIANDINGDEGONGPING、ZHENGYI、CHENGJING、QIANHE、MINZHU、PINGDENG、LIANJIE、QINZHENGDEZHENGDANGLUNLI,WEIXIESHANGTIGONGLEDAODEJICHUHEZUOFENGBAOZHANG。

                            (YI)GONGPINGZHENGYI

                            GONGPINGZHENGYISHIZHONGGUOGONGCHANDANGCHONGGAODESHEHUILIXIANG,YESHIMAOZEDONGBISHENGDEZHUIQIU。TAZAIZHENGDANGXIESHANGZHONGSHIZHONGZUNXUNSHISHIQIUSHI,JIANCHIGONGPING、ZHENGYI。MAOZEDONGXIESHANGGONGPINGSIXIANGKECONGYIXIASANGEFANGMIANKUIJIANYIBAN。SHOUXIAN,MAOZEDONGJIANCHIZUIGUANGFANDETONGYIZHANXIAN,WEIGONGPINGXIESHANGGUIDINGLEZHUTIFANCHOU。WULUNSHIGEMINGSHIQIHAISHIJIANSHESHIQI,MAOZEDONGDOUJIWEIZHONGSHIJIANLIZHANQUANMINZURENKOUJUEDADUOSHURENDETONGYIZHANXIAN,RENHEZHENGDANGZHIYAOSHIDUIGONGCHANDANGCAIQUHEZUOERBUSHIDIDUIDETAIDU,GONGCHANDANGDOUHUANYINGYUZHIHEZUO。ZAIZHANXIANNEIKAIZHANGONGPINGXIESHANG,FANGZHIGONGCHANDANGBAOBAN。YINCITONGYIZHANXIANYEBEISHIWEIDANGDEZHONGYAOFABAOZHIYI。QICI,MAOZEDONGZHUZHONGTONGYIZHANXIANNEIDEDULIZIZHU,WEIGONGPINGXIESHANGTIGONGLEZUZHIYUANZE。TARENWEIBUJINYAOBAOCHIGONGCHANDANGDEDULIXING,ERQIE"BIXUBAOCHIJIARUTONGYIZHANXIANZHONGDERENHEDANGPAIZAISIXIANGSHANG、ZHENGZHISHANGHEZUZHISHANGDEDULIXING,BULUNSHIGUOMINDANGYEHAO,GONGCHANDANGYEHAO,QITADANGPAIYEHAO,DOUSHIZHEIYANG"[4](524)。CHENGRENZHEIZHONGDULIXINGSUISHIXIANGDUIDE,QUEJUEBUNENGMOSHA,BUNENGYINWEIHEZUOHETONGYIERXISHENGDANGPAIHEJIEJIDEBIYAOQUANLI,FOUZEZHIHUIQUDEBULIYUHEZUODEXIANGFANXIAOGUO。ZHENGYINWEIJIANCHIDULIZIZHU,FANDUITUOXIEFENLIE,ZHONGGUOGONGCHANDANGCAIGENGSHENKEYISHIDAODANGZAIKANGZHANZHONGDELISHISHIMINGHELINGDAODIWEI。ZAICI,MAOZEDONGQIANGDIAOXIESHANGBANSHI,WEIGONGPINGXIESHANGTICHULEFANGFATUJING。ZAIBUTONGCHANGHETADUOCIBIAOSHI,GONGCHANDANGRENSUIRANYOUZIJIDEZHENGZHIZHUZHANG,DANZAIYUDAOSHIQINGSHIBUNENGYIYIGUXING,BIXUGENMINZHUDANGPAIGONGTONGXIESHANG。TAQIANGDIAOXINZHONGGUODERENMINZHENGFUSHIGENRENMINXIESHANGBANSHIDE,BUJINYAOGENGONGREN、NONGMINSHANGLIANG,ERQIEYAOGENZIBENJIA、MINZHUDANGPAISHANGLIANG,XINZHONGGUODERENMINZHENGFU"KEYIJIAOTASHIGESHANGLIANGZHENGFU".

                          星云棋牌官网下载   MAOZEDONGXIESHANGZHENGYISIXIANGTUCHUTIXIANZAIHEGUOMINDANGDEHEZUOZHONG。DIYICIGUOGONGHEZUOSHIQI,MAOZEDONGWEIJIANLIYIGE"MINZUDULI、MINQUANZIYOU、MINSHENGXINGFUDEGONGPINGDEXINSHEHUI"YUGUOMINDANGGONGTONGFANDIFANFENG。ZHONGRIMINZUMAODUNCHENGWEIGUONEIZHUYAOMAODUNHOU,MAOZEDONGCONGGUOJIAQIANTUHEMINZUDAJUCHUFA,TICHUYUANYURENHEZANTONGKANGRIDEDANGPAITONGZHOUGONGJI、GONGFUGUONAN,BUJINBAOKUOZHENGZHILICHANGXIANGYIDEDISANDANG、GUOJIAQINGNIANDANG、GUOJIASHEHUIDANG、JIUGUOHUIDENG,ERQIEBAOKUOYOUXUEHAISHENCHOUDEGUOMINDANG。ZAITADELINGDAOXIA,GONGCHANDANGJUANQIQIANXIAN、ZANWANGXUECHOU,KAIQILEDIERCIGUOGONGHEZUO,TONGSHISHISHIQIUSHIDICHENGRENGUOMINDANGDANGSHIDEKANGZHANLINGDAODIWEI。ZAIGUOMINDANGDE"ZIDAJINGSHENHEMEIYOUBIYAODEZIWOPIPING"XIA,MAOZEDONGRENGRANZHUZHANG"FANGQIGERENHEXIAOJITUANDESIJIAN"[4](370),JIANCHIJIXUHEZUOKANGRI,BINGQIANGDIAOGONGCHANDANGYAOFUQIZHONGHUAMINZUXINGWANGDEZHONGDAZERENLAI,WEIKANGZHANSHENGLIZUOCHULEZHONGYAOGONGXIAN,CHONGFENZHANGXIANLEMAOZEDONGZHENGDANGXIESHANGDEZHENGYILUNLI,YUJIANGJIESHIGUOMINDANGJITUANDEXIAOJIKANGRI、JIJIFANGONGZHIFEIZHENGYIXINGWEIXINGCHENGLEXIANMINGDEBIZHAO。KANGRIZHANZHENGSHENGLIZHIJI,MAOZEDONGWEILEGUONEIHEPINGYUGUOJIAQIANTUJI,GANMAOSHENGMINGWEIXIANQINFUZHONGQINGYUGUOMINDANGJINXINGLEWEIQISISHIDUOTIANDEXIESHANGTANPAN,ZAIDIPAN、JUNDUI、QIANGZHIDENGMINGANSHIXIANGSHANGZUOLEJIDARANGBUHOU,ZUIZHONGCUCHENGLE《SHUANGSHIXIEDING》DEQIANDING,XIANSHILEGONGCHANDANGDENULIHECHENGYI,JINERTUIDONG1946NIANZAIZHONGQINGJUXINGDEJIUZHENGXIEHUIYIDEDANSHENG,YINQILEGUANGDAZHONGJIANPAIHEGUOJIGUONEIYULUNDETONGQING,TIXIANLEMAOZEDONGSHISHIQIUSHI、XINXIGUOJIA、QUANXINWEIMINDEXIESHANGLICHANGYUJIAZHIDAOXIANG。

                            (ER)CHENGJINGQIANHE

                            LIXIANXIASHI、JINGLAOZUNXIAN、HEAIKEQINSHIMAOZEDONGTEYOUDEQIANGONGPINZHI,TAZAIZHENGDANGXIESHANGZHONGGENGSHIBIAOXIANDELINLIJINZHI。MAOZEDONGGUANGJIAODANGWAIPENGYOU,JIJIYUTAMENJINXINGYOUHAOJIAOLIU。YANANSHIQITAREQINGJIEDAILAIFANGDEMINZHUDANGPAIRENSHI,RUSANCIJIEJIANLIGONGPU,GUANHUAIQI"KANGRIJIANGUOJIAOYUTUAN"GONGZUODEKAIZHAN;GENLIANGSHUMINGBACIJIAOTAN,SHIZHANGLIANGGEXIAOSHIYISHANGDEJIUYOULIUCI,ZUIZHANGDELIANGCIJINGTONGXIAODADAN;YUHUANGYANPEIDENGLIUMINGCANZHENGYUANJIUGUOSHIWENTIJUXINGDUOCIXIESHANG;JISHIDUIZHONGGUOQINGNIANDANGZHEIYANGDEYOUYIMINZHUDANGPAI,MAOZEDONGYESHIGAODUGUANHUAI,DINGZHUZHOUENLAI、DONGBIWUDENGQINZIZUOTAMENDEGONGZUO,BINGZENGSONGTAMENYANANTECHAN。ZHENCHENGRECHENDEXINGWEIJIDANGWAIRENSHILIUXIALESHENKEYINXIANG,LIANGSHUMINGCENGGAODUPINGJIA"MAOZEDONGDEZHENGZHIJIADEFENGMAOHEQIDU,RUTONGLAOYOUJIAOTAN",SHITASHIFENPEIFU,"ZHONGSHENGNANWANG"[8].

                            MAOZEDONGDUIDANGWAIRENSHIFEICHANGJINGZHONG,JIJINQINHEAIHU。1948NIAN5YUE1RI,MAOZEDONGZHIXINMINGEZHUXILIJISHEN、MINMENGDAIZHUXISHENJUNRU,JIUZHAOKAIXINZHENGZHIXIESHANGHUIYIDESHIJIAN、DIDIAN、CANYUDANGPAI、SHISHIBUZHOUYIJIQITAGEXIANGCHOUBEISHIYIDENGJINXINGXIESHANG。XINZHONG"YISHANGZHUDIANSHIFOUQIADANG,JINGQINGERXIONGXIANGJIAKAOLV,YUYIZHIJIAO。……JIUYIHEZHESHIYI,TONGQICISHI"[9],ZILIXINGJIANBAOHANZHEGONGCHANDANGLINGXIUMAOZEDONGDEZHENCHENG、QIANXUHEDUIMINZHUDANGPAIRENSHIDEZUNZHONG。1949NIAN9YUE,81SUIGAOLINGDEZHIGONGDANGCHUANGSHIRENSITUMEITANGQUXIANGSHANNANLUBANSHANYAODEMAOZEDONGJUSUOCUOSHANGSHIWU,YINDANXINNIANLAOTIRUODESITUXIANSHENGNANYICHENGSHOUJIPUCHEDEDIANBO,MAOZEDONGZHUANMENZHUFUGONGZUORENYUANBEIHAODANJIAQUSHANJIAOYINGJIE,ZAILINSHIZHAOBUDAODANJIADEQINGKUANGXIA,MAOZEDONGBIANBAZIJIDETENGYIJIGONGZUORENYUANZUOCHENGJIANYIJIAOZI。DANGSITUXIANSHENGBEITAISHANGLAIHOU,MAOZEDONGSHUANGSHOUWANFUTAXIAJIAO,SITUXIANSHENGDUIZHEIZHONGJIGAOLIYUFEICHANGGANDONG,LIANLIANGONGSHOUZHIXIE。

                            CHENGJINGQIANHEDEXINGWEIFANGSHIYEYOUXIAOCUJINLEXIESHANGZHIDUZHONGLINGDAOQUANZHEIYIHEXINWENTIDEJIEJUE。WEILESHIXIANHEQUEBAODANGDELINGDAO,MAOZEDONGZHUZHANGTONGGUOFAHUIGONGCHANDANGYUANDEXIANFENGMOFANZUOYONG、ZHIDINGDAIBIAOZUIGUANGDARENMINQUNZHONGLIYIDELUXIANFANGZHENZHENGCE、ZHAOGUTONGMENGZHEDELIYIDENGCUOSHILAIDACHENGZHEIYIJUMIAN,ZHEISANGEFANGMIANNEIZAIDIFANYINGLECHENGJINGQIANHEDEXIESHANGLUNLIYAOQIU。MAOZEDONGSHIFENZHONGSHIGONGCHANDANGZISHENMOFANGONGZUODUIXIESHANGDEZHONGYAOZUOYONG,RENWEINENGSHUOFUHEJIAOYUDANGWAIRENSHIYISHITAMENYUANYIJIESHOUGONGCHANDANGDEJIANYI。KANGZHANSHIQI,TAQIANGDIAOGONGCHANDANGYUANZAITONGYIZHANXIANZHONGYAOCHENGWEISHIXINGTUANJIEKANGZHANRENWUDEMOFANHEXIEDIAOGEDANGXIANGHUGUANXIDEMOFAN,YISHIJIXINGDONGZUOCHUBIAOLV,ZHANXIANLEBUTONGYUBIEDEDANGPAIDEZUOFENG。ZAIZHIDINGDANGDELUXIANFANGZHENZHENGCESHI,MAOZEDONGZIJUEZHANZAIZUIGUANGDARENMINDELICHANGSHANG,DAIBIAOJUEDADUOSHURENDELIYI;MIANDUIWANGGUOMIEZHONGDEMINZUWEIJI,TAJIANDINGKANGRILUXIANBUDONGYAO,HUIJUQUANMINZUDELILIANG,ZHONGYUQUDELEBAINIANLAIFANJIWAILAIQINLVEDEWEIDASHENGLI;KANGZHANSHENGLIHOUSHUNYINGMINYI,TICHUHEPINGJIANGUOFANGZHEN,ZHUZHANGJIANLIMINZHULIANHEZHENGFU;ZAIGEMINGSHENGLIZHIJI,TAYOUTUANJIEGEDANG、GEPAI、GERENMINTUANTI,LONGZHONGZHAOKAIXINZHENGXIEHUIYI,XIESHANGJIANLILEYIGEDULI、ZIYOU、HEPINGDEXINZHONGGUO。MAOZEDONGFEICHANGZHUZHONGTONGMENGZHEDELIYI,RENWEIZHEISHIWUCHANJIEJIZHENGDANGLINGDAOTONGMENGZHESUOBIXUJUBEIDETIAOJIAN;TAGAOJIEGONGCHANDANGYUANYAOZUNZHONGDANGWAIRENSHIDEZONGJIAOXINYANGHESIXIANGZIYOU,YAOSHIDANGWAIGANBUZAIGONGZUO、XUEXI、WUZHIDENGGEFANGMIANXIANGYOUTONGGONGCHANDANGYUAN"BIXUHEKENENGDEGONGZUOTIAOJIAN"HE"TONGYANGDEXUEXIQUANLI",DEDAO"ZHENZHENGBIXUDEBANGZHU"[10](398)。

                            (SAN)MINZHUPINGDENG

                          星云棋牌官网下载   MINZHUPINGDENGSHIHEZUOGONGSHIDEJICHU,MAOZEDONGZAIZHENGDANGXIESHANGZHONGJIANCHIMINZHUXIESHANG、PINGDENGYISHI,ZHANSHILELIANGHAODEXIESHANGZUOFENG。YIFANGMIANSHIZAIJIZHONGZHIDAOXIAJIANCHIMINZHUXIESHANG。KANGZHANZHICHU,MAOZEDONGJIUTICHUZHIYOUJIANCHIMINZHUDEHEZUOHEXIESHANG,CAINENGBAOZHANGZHENZHENGDE、JIANSHIDEKANGRIMINZUTONGYIZHANXIANDEJIANLIJIQIRENWUDEWANCHENG。JIANLI"SANSANZHI"MINZHUZHENGQUANYIDUIKANGGUOMINDANGDEDUCAITONGZHI,ZHICHU"GUOSHISHIGUOJIADEGONGSHI,BUSHIYIDANGYIPAIDESISHI".QIANGDIAOZAIBAOZHENGGONGCHANDANGDEZHENGZHILINGDAOXIA,TONGDANGWAIRENSHISHIXINGMINZHUHEZUODEYUANZE"GUDINGBUYI、YONGYUANBUBIAN".ERYIMINZHULAIHUIDAHUANGYANPEIDEZHOUQILVTIWENGENGSHIZHONGSUOZHOUZHI。ZAISHENYUE"WUYIKOUHAO"SHI,MAOZEDONGJIANGDI23TIAO"ZHONGGUORENMINDELINGXIUMAOZHUXIWANSUI"ZHIJIESHANDIAO,DI24TIAO"ZHONGGUOGONGCHANDANGWANSUI"GAIWEI"ZHONGHUAMINZUJIEFANGWANSUI",ZHEIYIXINGWEIYUNHANZHEFENGFUDEMINZHUNEIHAN。JIJIANGCHENGWEIZHIZHENGDANGSHI,ZHONGGUOGONGCHANDANGMEIYOUWANGJIWEIGEMINGFENDOUGUODEMINZHUDANGPAI,MAOZEDONGTUIXINZHIFUDISHUO,DAJIADOUSHIZUOJIAOZHE,YESHITAIJIAOZHE,GONGTONGDEXINYUANSHIZUOHAOXINZHONGGUOZHEIFUJIAOZI。ZUOWEIXINZHENGXIEHUIYIDELINGDAOZHE,TAYAOQIUHUIYIFAYANGMINZHU,BAOZHENGCHANGSUOYUYAN,SHIJIANZHENGMINGHUIYIJIZHONGZHANXIANLEMINZHUXIESHANGJINGSHEN,MINZHUJIANGUOHUIDAIBIAOZHANGNAIQISHUO:"FENZUTAOLUNHEDAHUIBAOGAOLUNFANDIJUXING,BAOZHENGLEDAJIADOUYOUCHONGFENDEFAYANQUAN,ZUODAOLEZHIWUBUYAN,YANWUBUJIN,ZUODAOLEFANFUTAOLUN,BUYANQIXIANG,ZUODAOLEDUOSHUQILEJUEDINGZUOYONG,SHAOSHUXINYUECHENGFU。ZHEICAISHIZHENZHENGDE、CHEDIDEMINZHU。"[11]ZHOUENLAICENGBAXINZHENGXIECHENGLIZHICHUDEMIANDUIMIANXIESHANGZUOWEIXINMINZHUDEYIGEZHONGYAOTEDIANJIAYILUNSHU:"XINMINZHUZHUYIDEYISHIJINGSHENBUZAIYUZUIHOUDEBIAOJUE,ZHUYAOZAIYUSHIQIANDEXIESHANGHEFANFUDETAOLUN。""FANSHIZHONGDADEYIANBUZHISHIZAIHUICHANGTICHU,SHIXIANJIUYINGDANGTICHULAIHUOZAIGEDANWEITAOLUN,XINMINZHUDETEDIANJIUZAICI。"[12](134)

                          星云棋牌官网下载   LINGYIFANGMIANSHIJIWEIQIANGDIAOXIESHANGDEPINGDENGXING,KANCHENGPINGDENGXIESHANGDEDIANFAN。ZAI"SANSANZHI"ZHENGQUANZHONG,MAOZEDONGYAOQIUGONGCHANDANGYUANYUDANGWAIRENSHIHEZUOBIXUCAIQUPINGDENGTAIDU,ZHICHU"FANYUWODANGGONGSHIDEDANGWAIRENYUAN,ZAIFALVSHANGSHIYUGONGCHANDANGYUANWANQUANPINGDENGDE"[10](398),BUNENGYINWEIWOYOUJUNDUIHEZHENGQUAN,JIUYIQIEDOUYAOBIERENWUTIAOJIANFUCONG。TABENRENGENGSHISHENTILIXING,ZAIXINZHENGXIECHOUBEIHEZHAOKAIQIJIAN,YITAWEIDAIBIAODEGONGCHANDANGRENDUOCIZHAOJIXIESHANGZUOTANHUI,XUXINTINGQUMINZHUDANGPAIHEWUDANGPAIRENSHIGUANYUXINZHENGFUJIANGCAIQUHEZHONGZHONGYAOZHENGCEDEYIJIANHEJIANYI,BINGJINXINGCHONGFENTAOLUN,BAOZHENGGEFANGLIYISUQIUDEDAOBIAODA。RU1949NIAN9YUE26RILINGCHENSANDIANZHIHANZHOUENLAI,TIXINGYAOZHUYITONGZHINEIXIE"SHANGWEIJIANGHUAERYINGJIANGHUAHUOXIANGJIANGHUADERENMEN,RULINZUN……DENGREN"[13](580-581)JISHIXIEHAOJIANGGAO,YIMIANWULESHIJI。"WUYIKOUHAO"ZHISUOYINENGDEDAOGUANGFANYONGHU,XINZHENGXIEHUIYIZHISUOYINENGSHUNLIZHAOKAIBINGQUDEJUDACHENGJIU,YUMAOZEDONGJIANCHIMINZHUPINGDENGDEXIESHANGZUOFENGYOUZHEMIBUKEFENDEGUANXI。CHENGRUHUQIAOMUSUOZONGJIEDENEIYANG:"ZHAOKAIZHENGXIEHENIDINGJIANGUOGANGLINGDEGUOCHENG,TUCHUTIXIANLEGONGCHANDANGLINGDAOXIADEDANGPAIXIESHANGJINGSHEN。MAOZEDONG、ZHOUENLAIDENGGONGCHANDANGLINGDAORENDAZHIDAYONG、XIONGHUAIDADU,JINENGTICHUWANZHENGZHENGQUEDELIGUOFANGAN,YOUNENGXUXINTINGQUQITADANGPAIHEWUDANGPAIMINZHURENSHIDEYIJIAN,PINGDENGXIESHANGGUOJIADASHI;QITADANGPAIHEWUDANGPAIRENSHIYINENGBENZHEGONGTONGFUZEDEJINGSHEN,JIEZHIJINLV,WEIGUOXIANCE,DADANFABIAOYIJIAN,GANYUJINXINGZHENGLUN,WEIWOGUOZHENGZHISHENGHUOLIUXIALAIYIZHONGBAOGUIDECHUANTONG。"[14]

                          星云棋牌官网下载   (SI)LIANJIEQINZHENG

                          星云棋牌官网下载   QINGZHENGLIANJIE、WUSHIQINZHENGSHIMAOZEDONGYIGUANDEDAODEPINXINGHEGONGZUOTAIDU,ZAIZHENGDANGXIESHANGZHONGTAJIANCHIKAICHENGBUGONG、YISHENZUOZE。MAOZEDONGDUIXIESHANGDEQINGZHENGLIANJIEYAOQIUTIXIANZAIXIESHANGZHUTIHEXIESHANGGUOCHENGYUJIEGUOSHANG。SHOUXIANDUIZUOWEIXIESHANGZHUTIZHIYIDEGONGCHANDANG,MAOZEDONGRENWEIGONGCHANDANGSHIWEIMINZUYURENMINMOULIYIDEZHENGDANG,YINGGAITANBAIWUSI,ZAIGONGZUOZHONGYINGGAIJIANGQIULIANJIE、BUYONGSIREN、DUOZUOGONGZUO、SHAOQUBAOCHOU。TAZHICHUGUOTONGQUYUJIEFANGQUZAILIANJIESHANGDEJUDACHABIE:"LIYONGKANGZHANFAGUONANCAI,GUANLIJISHANGREN,TANWUCHENGFENG,LIANCHISAODI,ZHEISHIGUOMINDANGQUYUDETESEZHIYI。JIANKUFENDOU,YISHENZUOZE,GONGZUOZHIWAI,HAIYAOSHENGCHAN,JIANGLILIANJIE,JINJUETANWU,ZHEISHIZHONGGUOJIEFANGQUDETESEZHIYI。"[15]MINGQUEYAOQIUGUOMINDANGCHENGBANTANGUANWULI,SHIXIANLIANJIEZHENGZHI。QICISHIXIESHANGGUOCHENGYUJIEGUOTIXIANLEQINGZHENGLIANJIE。1944NIANYUGUOMINDANGXIESHANGSHI,MAOZEDONGDUIGUOMINDANGQITULALONGGONGCHANDANGRENQUZHONGQINGZUOGUANER"XISHENGLIANHEZHENGFU,XISHENGMINZHUYUANZEZHEIZHONGLIANJIACHUMAIRENMINDEGOUDANG",BIAOSHI"JUEBUNENGGAN"[16].MAOZEDONGJIANCHIRENRENWEIXIAN,NINGKEZIJIDANGYUANBURENZHI,YEYAORANGMINZHURENSHIRENSHIZHI、ZHANGSHIQUAN。KANGRIGENJUDINEIZHENGFU、CANYIHUI、MINZHONGTUANTIJIQITAJIGUANRENMIANGONGZUORENYUAN,QIBIAOZHUNSHIZANCHENGKANGZHANTUANJIEYUFOUJIBENRENNENGLI、JINGYAN、XUESHIYUGONGZUOJIJIXING,ERBUYIQISHIFOUWEIGONGCHANDANGYUAN。ZAIMAOZEDONGZHEIYISIXIANGDEZHIDAOXIA,ZAIXINZHENGXIEDIYIJIEHUIYIXUANJUDEZHONGYANGRENMINZHENGFURENYUANZUCHENGZHONG,DANGWAIRENSHIWEIYUANZHAN49.2%,FUZHUXIZHAN50%,ZHENGWUYUANFUZONGLIZHAN50%,ZHENGBUWEILINGDAORENZHAN44.1%.

                          星云棋牌官网下载   MAOZEDONGZAIZHENGDANGXIESHANGGUOCHENGZHONGCHUCHUBIAOXIANCHUWUSHIQINZHENG。WEIFANDUIDIYICIGUOGONGHEZUOZHONGDANGNEIDANGWAIDECUOWUSIXIANG,TASHENRUNONGCUNZUOLEDALIANGDESHIJIDIAOCHAGONGZUO,FABIAOYIXILIEWENZHANGCHANSHUZHONGGUOGEMINGDEDI、WO、YOUYIJINONGMINYUNDONG"HAODEHEN"DENGWENTI,WEIKAIZHANDANGJIXIESHANGTIGONGLELILUNYIJU。WEICUCHENGYIGUOGONGHEZUOWEIZHUDEKANGRIMINZUTONGYIZHANXIAN,CONG1936NIAN5YUE5RIDE《TINGZHANYIHEYIZHIKANGRITONGDIAN》DAOXIANSHIBIANBAOFADEBANNIANDUOSHIJIAN,YIGONGKAIDEMAOZEDONGZHIJIANGJIESHIJIGUOMINDANGXIANGGUANRENSHIDESHUXINJIUDA40YUFENG,KEWEIQINGZHUXINXUE、KOUZAOCHUNJIAO。CHOUBEIXINZHENGXIEHUIYISUIRANZHUYAOYOUZHOUENLAIFUZE,DANMAOZEDONGZUOWEIGONGCHANDANGDELINGDAOREN,ZAIHENDUOSHIQINGSHANGRENGRANQINZICHUMIAN,SHIZISHIZHIZHONGDEFADONGZHE、ZUZHIZHEHELINGDAOZHE。DUIZHONGYAOMINZHURENSHI,MAOZEDONGDUOCIXIEXINHUOZHIDIANXIANGYAO,QINZIDAOCHEZHANYINGJIE。ZAIWENGAOQICAOFANGMIAN,YOUDESHIYOUMAOZEDONGQINZIWANCHENG,RU《ZHONGGUORENMINZHENGZHIXIESHANGHUIYIDIYIJIEQUANTIHUIYIXUANYAN》;YOUDESHIMAOZEDONGQINZIBAGUAN、JINGXINXIUGAI,RU《GONGTONGGANGLING》CAOAN,21TIANSHIJIANXIUGAIGAOBENZHISHAOWUCI。CIWAITAHAIQINZIXIAODUI、DUCUYINSHUA[17].XINZHONGGUOJIANLIHOU,MAOZEDONGRENGFEICHANGZHUYIYUMINZHURENSHIDEJIAOWANG,HUOHUTONGSHUXINYISHANGGUOSHI,HUOLUNCITANSHIYIXUYOUQING,HUOBAIFANGJUCANYISHIGUANXIN。GUANZHUMINZHURENSHIZAIDIFANGZHENGFUZHONGDERENZHIQINGKUANGHEBILI,DUIANPAIBUDEDANGDELIJIZHENGGAI,CHUCHUKEJIANWEICIZUOCHUDEPISHI。DUIZAIGUONEIWAIYOUZHEZHONGDAYINGXIANGDEMINZHURENSHI,MAOZEDONGZONGSHIQINZIGUOWEN、FANFUZHENZHUO、RENZHENQUANHENG,RUDUIYUANGUOMINDANGGAOJIJIANGLINGCHENGQIAN,CONGDUNCUQIYIDAOANPAIZHIWU,XIANHOUNIXIEDIANBAOYUE30FEN。

                            三、现实启示:毛泽东政党协商伦理思想的当代价值

                            ZHONGGUOTESESHEHUIZHUYIDEFAZHANJINRULEXINSHIDAI,ZHONGHUAMINZUYINGLAILECONGZHANQILAI、FUQILAIDAOQIANGQILAIDEWEIDAFEIYUE,MAOZEDONGZHENGDANGXIESHANGDELUNLISIXIANGYIRANSHANSHUOZHEGUANGMANG,DUIJIAQIANGWOGUOXINSHIDAIZHENGDANGXIESHANGJUYOUZHONGYAOXIANSHIQISHI。DANGDESHIBADAYILAI,YIXIJINPINGTONGZHIWEIHEXINDEDANGZHONGYANGBAZHENGDANGXIESHANGFANGZAIGEZHONGXIESHANGZHISHOU,CHUTAILE《GUANYUJIAQIANGZHENGDANGXIESHANGDESHISHIYIJIAN》DENGXILIEWENJIAN,WEIXINSHIDAIKAIZHANZHENGDANGXIESHANGTIGONGLEGENBENZUNXUN。

                            (YI)BIXUJIANCHIYIQIANGGUOFUXINGWEIXIESHANGMUBIAO

                          星云棋牌官网下载   XIESHANGMUBIAOSHIZHENGDANGXIESHANGDEYICUNZAIDEJIAZHITIXIAN。MAOZEDONGLIZUJIBENGUOQING,JINJINWEIRAO"WEILESHIZHONGHUAMINZUDEDAOJIEFANG,WEILESHIXIANRENMINDETONGZHI,WEILESHIRENMINDEDAOJINGJIDEXINGFU"[3](143)DECHUXINHESHIMING,YIJIANGUOZHIZHENGWEIMUBIAO,YUGEDANGPAIZHANKAIXIESHANG,TONGGUOXIESHANGLAIJIEJUEZHIZHENGDEHEFAXING、GUANGFANXINGHEJIANSHEDEJINPOXING。JINRUXINSHIDAIHOU,WOGUODEZHENGDANGXIESHANGYOUZHEGENGWEIZHONGYAODESHIMING,YAOYIQIANGGUOFUXINGWEIMUBIAO,JIANSHEZHONGGUOTESESHEHUIZHUYIXIANDAIHUAQIANGGUO,SHIXIANZHONGHUAMINZUDEWEIDAFUXING。

                            XIJINPINGZONGSHUJIZHICHU,SHIXIANZHONGHUAMINZUWEIDAFUXINGSHIJINDAIYILAIZHONGHUAMINZUZUIWEIDADEMENGXIANG。ZHONGGUOMENGDAIBIAOZHEZHONGHUAMINZUDEGENBENLIYI,CHENGWEIZHONGHUAMINZUTUANJIEFENDOUDEZUIDAGONGYUESHU。YINCI,XINSHIDAIDEZHENGDANGXIESHANGYAOBUWANGHEZUOCHUXIN,LAOJILISHISHIMING,JIANCHIZHENGQUEDAOXIANG,SHIZHONGYISHIXIANZHONGGUOMENGZHEIYIWEIDAMUBIAOLAITUIJIN。ZUOWEISHEHUIZHUYIXIESHANGMINZHUDESHOUYAOQUDAO,ZHENGDANGXIESHANGYAOLIZUXINDESHIDAITEZHENG,ZHANXIANXINDEZUOWEI,JIANCHIDATUANJIEDALIANHE,JIANCHIDUOYANGXINGYUYIZHIXINGDETONGYI,CUJINGUOJIAMINZHUZHENGZHIHEKEXUEJUECE,SHIXIANGUOJIAZHILINENGLIXIANDAIHUA,WEIQUANMIANJIANCHENGXIAOKANGSHEHUI,KAIQIQUANMIANJIANSHESHEHUIZHUYIXIANDAIHUAGUOJIADEXINZHENGCHENGCHIXUGONGXIANLILIANG。BIXUZHICHUDESHI,QIANGGUOFUXINGDEXIESHANGMUBIAOZHIXIANGDESHIGUANGDARENMINQUNZHONGDEGONGTONGLIYI,TIXIANLEGUOJIALIYIHERENMINLIYIDETONGYI。WOMENSHISHEHUIZHUYIGUOJIA,MEIYOUQUANTIRENMINDEGONGTONGFUYU,YEJIUTANBUSHANGZHENZHENGDEQIANGGUOFUXING。ZHONGGUOMENGGUIGENDAODISHIRENMINDEMENG,SHISUOYOUZHONGHUAERNVDEGONGTONGMENGXIANG。RENMINDUIMEIHAOSHENGHUODEXIANGWANG,JIUSHIZHONGGUOGONGCHANDANGRENDEFENDOUMUBIAO,YESHIZHONGGUOGONGCHANDANGLINGDAOXIAZHENGDANGXIESHANGDETIZHONGYINGYOUZHIYI。YIXIJINPINGTONGZHIWEIHEXINDEDANGZHONGYANGJIANCHIYIRENMINWEIZHONGXINDEFAZHANSIXIANG,MINGQUETICHU"QUANXINQUANYIWEIRENMINFUWU,SHIZHONGDAIBIAOZUIGUANGDARENMINGENBENLIYI,SHIWOMENNENGGOUSHIXINGHEFAZHANXIESHANGMINZHUDEZHONGYAOQIANTIHEJICHU"[18](295)。

                          星云棋牌官网下载   (ER)BIXUJIANCHIDANGJIGUANXIPINGDENGWEIXIESHANGQIANTI

                          星云棋牌官网下载   DANGJIPINGDENGSHIPINGDENGXIESHANGDEQIANTI,SHIMAOZEDONGZHENGDANGXIESHANGZHONGZHONGYAODELUNLIYUANZE。KEYISHUO,DULIPINGDENGDEXIESHANGZHUTISHIZHENGDANGXIESHANGFAZHANDEJISHI,SHIDANGJIMINZHUDEJICHU,GUANXIDAORENMINMINZHUDEYOUXIAOSHIXIAN。CONGHEZUOKANGRIFANJIANGDAOXIESHANGJIANLIXINZHONGGUO,CONGSHEHUIZHUYIGAIZAODEGANDANXIANGZHAODAOZHONGGUOTESESHEHUIZHUYISHIYEDEXIESHOUBINGJIN,ZAIZHANGQISHIJIANZHONGXINGCHENGDEZHONGGUOTESESHEHUIZHUYIMINZHUZHENGZHIZHIDU,SHIJIANLIZAIDANGJIPINGDENGJICHUZHISHANGDE,TONGSHIBIXUZHICHU,ZHEIZHONGMINZHUZHIDUSHIZAIPINGDENGJICHUZHISHANGDEYIDANGZHIZHENGYUDUODANGCANZHENGDEYOUJIJIEHE,SHIFUHEWOGUOGUOQINGDELISHIXUANZE[19].

                          星云棋牌官网下载   WOGUODEZHENGDANGZHIDUWANQUANBUTONGYUXIFANGDELIANGDANGZHIHEDUODANGZHI。XIFANGGUOJIADEZHENGDANGZHIJIANSUIRANYECUNZAIXIESHANG,DANZHEIZHONGXIESHANGSHICHUYULIYIJUNHENG、TUOXIEHEGONGXIANGDEXUYAO,DAIYOUZHENGDANGJIAOYIXINGZHI,QISHIZHISHIZHENGDANGDUIQUANLIHELIYIDEJINGZHENG[20].YUZHEIZHONGJINGZHENGXINGGUANXIBUTONG,WOGUODEZHENGDANGGUANXISHIYIZHONGHEXIEGUANXI。ZHONGGUOGONGCHANDANGHEGEMINZHUDANGPAIYIDULIDEZHENGDANGZITAIYILIYUWOGUOZHENGZHIWUTAI,YIXIANFAZUOWEIHUODONGDEGENBENZHUNZE。ZAIZHONGGUOGONGCHANDANGDEZHENGZHILINGDAOXIA,MINZHUDANGPAIJIJICANYUZHENGZHIXIESHANG,XINGCHENGYIDANGZHIZHENG、DUODANGXIESHANGDEZHENGZHIGEJU,ZHEISHIMINZHUJIANDU、JIANGYUANZEDECANZHENG,ERBUSHIDUODANGZHIZHENG。CUCHENGLECANZHENGDANGXIEZHUZHIZHENGDANGZHIGUOLIZHENG、ZHIZHENGDANGBANGZHUCANZHENGDANGJIAQIANGZISHENJIANSHEDEHEXIEHUDONGDEZHENGDANGGUANXI[21].ZAIXINSHIDAITUIJINZHENGDANGXIESHANG,SHOUXIANBIXUHAOBUDONGYAODIJIANCHIZHONGGUOGONGCHANDANGDELINGDAO,ZHEISHISHUNLIKAIZHANXIESHANGDEGENBENBAOZHENG。ZHEIZHONGLINGDAOSHIDUIZHONGGUOGONGCHANDANGZHENGZHIZHUZHANGDERENTONG,SHIDUIZAIZHONGGUOGONGCHANDANGLINGDAOXIASHIXIANQIZHENGZHIYITUHEZHENGZHILIYIDEQUEREN。QICIBIXUHAOBUDONGYAODIJIANCHIMINZHUDANGPAIDEDULIZIZHUDIWEI,ZHEISHIXIESHANGQUDESHIXIAODEBIYAOTIAOJIAN。ZHIYOUZHENGHEGEMINZHUZHENGDANGDEYOUDIAN,BAOZHANGTAMENNENGPINGDENGZIZHUDIFAHUIZUOYONG,CAINENGQIESHITIXIANCHUCANZHENGXIESHANGDELILIANGHEDUODANGHEZUODEYOUSHI。

                            (SAN)BIXUJIANCHIYIDAODEPINXINGHANGSHIXIESHANGJICHU

                            ZHONGGUOGONGCHANDANGYAOZHANGQIZHIZHENG,CHUYAOYOUZHENGZHISHANGDEHEFAXINGWAI,HAIBIXU"YAOYOUDAODESHANGDEHELIXING",BING"CHENGWEIDAODEDEKAIMO"[22].MAOZEDONGZAIZHENGDANGXIESHANGZHONGZHANSHIDELIANJIE、WUSHIDENGDAODEPINZHIHEQIANXU、ZHENCHENGDENGRENGEXIUYANG,DIANDINGLEXIESHANGDEDAODEJICHUHERENGEBAOZHANG,QUDELEJUDADEXIESHANGCHENGGUO。KEYISHUO,LIANGHAODEDAODEPINZHISHIKAIZHANZHENGDANGXIESHANGDEJICHU,GAOSHANGDERENGEPINXINGSHITUIJINZHENGDANGXIESHANGDEBAOZHENG。

                            XINSHIDAIZHENGDANGXIESHANGBIXUJIANCHIYIDAODEPINXINGHANGSHIXIESHANGJICHU。XIJINPINGZONGSHUJIFANFUQIANGDIAOLINGDAOGANBUYAOYI"DE"FUREN、YI"CHENG"JUREN、YI"GONG"XINREN,MINGQUEZHICHU:"LINGDAOGANBUYAOJIANGZHENGDE。ZHENGDESHIZHENGGESHEHUIDAODEJIANSHEDEFENGXIANGBIAO。LIZHENGDE,JIUYAOMINGDADE、SHOUGONGDE、YANSIDE。"MINGDADESHIZHIZHONGGUOGONGCHANDANGZUOWEIZHIZHENGDANG,ZAIGAOHAOZHENGDANGXIESHANGZHONGDANFUZHESHOUYAOZEREN。YAODUIDANGZHONGCHENG,DANGYUANGANBUBIXUQIZHIXIANMINGJIANGZHENGZHI,ZAIDASHIDAFEIMIANQIANBAOCHILICHANGJIANDING,CAIBUZHIYUZAIXIESHANGZHONGSANGSHILICHANG;YAOZHULAOLIXIANGXINNIAN,LIXIANGXINNIANSHIGONGCHANDANGRENJINGSHENSHANGDE"GAI",QUELEZHEIGE"GAI",JIUHUIDERUANGUBING,YOUKENENGZAIXIESHANGZHONGFANYUANZEXINGCUOWU。SHOUGONGDESHIZHIZHONGGUOGONGCHANDANGZAIXIESHANGZHONGQINGZHENGLIANJIE、BUYIQUANMOUSI,JIANJUEFANDUIHECHENGZHIFUBAIXINGWEI。YAOQIANGHUAZONGZHIYISHI,KESHOULIDANGWEIGONG、ZHIZHENGWEIMINLINIAN,XINLISHIKEZHUANGZHE"RENMIN",ZIJUEJIANXINGRENMINDUIMEIHAOSHENGHUODEXIANGWANGJIUSHIWOMENDEFENDOUMUBIAODECHENGNUO,BUBAYUDANGWAIRENSHIDEYOUYIDANGCHENGGERENZIYUAN,ERSHICHUYUDUIRENMINFUZE、WEIDANGFENYOUDEGONGXINTIDANGJIAOZHIYOU、ZHENGYOU,JIANJUEFANGZHIGERENZHUYI、ZONGPAIZHUYI,FANDUIGAOLIANGMIANPAI、ZUOLIANGMIANREN。YANSIDESHIZHILINGDAOGANBUYANGEYUESHUZIJIDECAOSHOUHEXINGWEI,BAOCHIGAOSHANGDEDAODEQINGCAOHEJIANKANGDESHENGHUOQINGQU。FANYINGDAOZHENGDANGXIESHANGZHONG,JIUSHIYAODAIRENQINQIEHEQI,BUSHENGQILINGREN;YISHIXUXINGONGTING,BUCHUYANNIXUN;SHANGLIANGCHENGKENZUNZHONG,BUYISHIYAREN;ZUODAOZHENCHENGXIESHANG、WUSHIXIESHANG。

                            (SI)BIXUJIANCHIYIMINZHUZUOFENGTISHENGXIESHANGSHIXIAO

                            RANGRENMINDANGJIAZUOZHU,SHIMAOZEDONGBISHENGDELIXIANGHEZHUIQIU。MAOZEDONGSHIZHONGGUOGONGCHANDANGMINZHUZUOFENGDECHANGDAOZHEHEJIANXINGZHE,TAWEIWOMENDANGZHIDINGLE"CONGQUNZHONGZHONGLAI,DAOQUNZHONGZHONGQU"DEGENBENGONGZUOLUXIAN。MINZHUZUOFENGSHIMAOZEDONGZHENGDANGLUNLISIXIANGDEZHONGYAONEIRONG,WEIMAOZEDONGZHENGDANGXIESHANGTIGONGLEYOULIDEZUOFENGBAOZHANG,YESHIMAOZEDONGZHENGDANGXIESHANGQUDECHENGGONGDEGUANJIANSUOZAI。

                            XINSHIDAIDEZHENGDANGXIESHANGYAOJIXUFAYANGYOULIANGMINZHUZUOFENG。SHOUXIANYAOZENGQIANGXIESHANGYISHI。MUQIANGONGCHANDANGNEIDUIZHENGDANGXIESHANGCUNZAIYIDINGCHENGDUDESUIYIXING、BIAOMIANHUAHEXINGSHIHUADETAIDUWENTI,YOUDEYINGFULESHI,"XIANGDAOLE""YOUKONGLE"JIUXIESHANG,"MEIXIANGDAO""MEIKONGXIAN"JIUBUXIESHANG;YOUDEXINGSHIZHUYIYANZHONG,CHANGYITONGBAOQINGKUANG、BUSHUGONGZUODAITIXIESHANG。BIXUGAIBIANZHEIZHONGXIANZHUANG,ZENGQIANGXIESHANGYISHI,XIJINPINGZHUTUO"XINSHIDAIDUODANGHEZUOWUTAIJIWEIGUANGKUO,YAOYONGHAOZHENGDANGXIESHANGZHEIGEMINZHUXINGSHIHEZHIDUQUDAO",ZUODAO"YOUSHIDUOSHANGLIANG、YOUSHIHAOSHANGLIANG、YOUSHIHUISHANGLIANG"[23].QICIYAOJIANCHIMINZHUZUOFENG。YAOZUNZHONG、WEIHUHEZHAOGUTONGMENGZHEDELIYI,RENZHENGUANCHEMINZHUXIESHANG。JIANCHISHIQIANXIESHANGYUANZE,YAOZAIZHONGDAJUECECHUTAIQIANGUANGFANZHENGQIUYIJIAN,CHONGFENYUNNIANGXIESHANG;ZAIJUECESHISHIZHONGNAIZHIZAISHISHIHOUDOUYAOBAOCHIGOUTONG,BUDUANWANSHANJUECE[24].JIANCHIQIUTONGCUNYIYUANZE。ZAIDANGJIXIESHANGZHONGJIJIANCHIQIUTONG,YOUZHUZHONGCUNYI,DADAOMINZHUTUANJIE、HEZUOGONGYINGDEMUBIAO。ZHIZHENGDANGYAOXIONGJINTANDANG,ZUNZHONGCHAYIHETILIANGBAORONG,YUNXUBUTONGYIJIANYUGUANDIANDECUNZAIHEBIAODA,DUIMINZHUDANGPAITICHUDEYIJIANHEJIANYIYAORENZHENYANJIU,JISHIFANKUI。DUIYUYUANZEXINGCUOWUBUNENGSHIERBUJIAN,BIXUCAIQUPIPINGJIAOYU、TAOLUNXIESHANGDEFANGFABINGDUCUGAIZHENG,DANBUSHIDAJIBAOFU。YAOZHENGZHISHANGCHONGFENXINREN、GONGZUOSHANGDALIZHICHI、SHENGHUOSHANGGUANXINZHAOGU,SHANYULIANYIJIAOYOU,NULIZUOTONGMENGZHEDEZHIXINPENGYOU,CONGERQIESHITISHENGXIESHANGZHILIANGHEXIAOLV。

                            参考文献
                            [1]中办印发《关于加强政党协商的实施意见》[N].人民日报,2014-12-11(01)。China Central Office issues"Implementation Opinions on Strengthening Political Party Consultation"[N]. People's Daily,2014-12-11(01)。
                            [2]埃德加·斯诺。西行漫记[M].上海:生活·读书·新知三联书店, 1979.SNOW W T[M]. Shanghai:Life·Reading·Xinzhi Sanlian Bookstore, 1979.
                            [3] 毛泽东年谱(1893-1949)(修订本):上卷[M].北京:中央文献出版社, 2013.The Chronicle of Mao Zedong(1893-1949)(Revised Edition):Vol. 1[M]. Beijing:Central Party Literature Press, 2013.
                            [4]毛泽东选集:第2卷[M].北京:人民出版社, 1991.Selected Works of Mao Zedong:Vol. 2[M]. Beijing:People's Publishing House, 1991.
                            [5]靳凤林。民主集中制的伦理依据[J].科学社会主义, 2016(5):30-35.JIN Fenglin. The ethical basis of democratic centralism[J].Scientific Socialism, 2016(5):30-35.
                            [6]苏盾。解放战争时期中共取舍"三三制"政策的历史考察[J].中共党史研究, 2013(6):69-77.SU Dun. Historical review of the CPC's acceptance of the"Three,Three Systems"policy during the liberation war[J]. CPC History Studies, 2013(6):69-77.
                            [7] 李维汉。回忆与研究:下册[M].北京:中共党史资料出版社,1986:813.LI Weihan. Memories and Studies:Vol.2[M]. Beijing:CPC Historical Materials Press, 1986:813.
                            [8]汪东林。梁簌溟问答录[M].长沙:湖南人民出版社, 1988:64.WANG Donglin. Liang Qin's Q&A[M]. Changsha:Hunan People's Publishing House, 1988:64.
                            [9]毛泽东书信选集[M].北京:人民出版社, 1983:302.Selected Works of Mao Zedong Letters[M]. Beijing:People's Publishing House, 1983:302.
                            [10] 毛泽东文集:第2卷[M].北京:人民出版社, 1996.Mao Zedong Anthology:Vol. 2[M]. Beijing:People's Publishing House, 1996.
                            [11]南山。共和国临时宪法出台始末[J].党史博览, 2003(7):4-9.Nanshan. The Promulgation of the Provisional Constitution of the Republic[J]. General Review of the Communist Party of China, 2003(7):4-9.
                            [12]周恩来统一战线文选[M].北京:人民出版社, 1984.Selected Works of Zhou Enlai's United Front[M]. Beijing:People's Publishing House, 1984.
                            [13] 毛泽东年谱(1893-1949)(修订本):下卷[M].北京:中央文献出版社, 2013.The Chronicle of Mao Zedong(1893-1949)(Revised Edition):Vol.3[M]. Beijing:Central Party Literature press, 2013.
                            [14]胡乔木。胡乔木回忆毛泽东[M].北京:人民出版社, 1994:563.HU Qiaomu. Hu Qiaomu recalls Mao Zedong[M]. Beijing:People's Publishing House, 1994:563.
                            [15] 毛泽东选集:第3卷[M].北京:人民出版社, 1991:1048.Selected Works of Mao Zedong:Vol. 3[M]. Beijing:People's Publishing House, 1991:1048.
                            [16] 毛泽东年谱(1893-1949)(修订本):中卷[M].北京:中央文献出版社, 2013:565.The Chronicle of Mao Zedong(1893-1949)(Revised Edition):Vol.2[M]. Beijing:Central Party Literature press, 2013:565.
                            [17]李捷。毛泽东与新中国[M].长沙:湖南人民出版社, 2013:55.LI Jie. Mao Zedong and New China[M]. Changsha:Hunan People's Publishing House, 2013:55.
                            [18]习近平。习近平谈治国理政:第2卷[M].北京:外文出版社,2017.XI Jinping. Xi Jinping:The Governance of China:Vol.2[M].Beijing:Foreign Languages Press, 2017.
                            [19]肖存良。社会冲突、政治力量与政党制度--政党制度解释的新视角[J].中南大学学报(社会科学版), 2017(3):122-128.XIAO Cunliang. Social Conflicts, Political Forces, and the Political Party System--A New Perspective on the Interpretation of the Political Party System[J]. Journal of Central South University(Social Science), 2017(3):122-128.
                            [20]陈家刚。协商民主引论[J].马克思主义与现实, 2004(3):26-34.CHEN Jiagang. Introduction to deliberative democracy[J].Marxism and Reality, 2004(3):26-34.
                            [21]王彩玲。政党关系与政治生态的系统重构[J].中国人民大学学报, 2018(5):75-83.WANG Cailing. Systematic reconstruction of political party relations and political ecology[J]. Journal of Renmin University of China, 2018(5):75-83.
                            [22]李建华。以德治党与政党伦理建设[J].湖南社会科学,2003(5):35-37.LI Jianhua. Governing the party with morality and the construction of political ethics[J]. Social Sciences in Hunan,2003(5):35-37.
                            [23] 习近平新时代中国特色社会主义思想三十讲[M].北京:学习出版社, 2018:178.XI Jinping's Thirty Lectures on Socialist Thoughts with Chinese Characteristics in the New Era[M]. Beijing:Learning Press,2018:178.
                          星云棋牌官网下载   [24]肖北庚,刘铠。中国协商民主:宪法依据与制度实践[J].湘潭大学学报(哲学社会科学版), 2013(6):55-59.XIAO Beigeng, LIU Kai. Chinese deliberative democracy:Constitutional basis and institutional practice[J]. Journal of Xiangtan University(Philosophy and Social Sciences), 2013(6):55-59.

                            李雅兴,伍安.毛泽东政党协商的伦理思想及其现实启示[J].中南大学学报(社会科学版),2020,26(01):144-151.
                            相近分类:毛泽东论文
                            • 成都网络警察报警平台
                            • 公共信息安全网络监察
                            • 经营性网站备案信息
                            • 不良信息举报中心
                            • 中国文明网传播文明
                            • 学术堂_诚信网站

                            百胜棋牌---首页_欢迎您 百灵拼三张-Welcome 蓝洞棋牌官网送3金币---首页_Welcome 035棋牌手游官网 亲朋棋牌官方下载完整版-首页