星云棋牌官网下载

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                            "知人论世"在文学鉴赏中的作用

                            时间:2018-12-09 来源:未知 作者:乐枫 本文字数:3878字
                            文学鉴赏论文导师推荐阅读8篇之第八篇:"知人论世"在文学鉴赏中的作用

                              摘要:"知人论世"是鉴赏文学作品的重要方法之一。它可以帮助读者体味作品寄托的情感, 把握作品传达出的内蕴以及认识一个全面的、动态的读者。但是", 知人论世"也有其局限性。有时候人品和文品是不一致的, 这使文学鉴赏容易步入误区;另外, 有的人偏爱穿凿附会, 曲解作品的本意, 这些都对文学鉴赏不利。而真正的文学鉴赏就是要克服其弊端, 将"知人论世"与"作品本体研究"紧密结合并灵活运用, 这样, 才能更好地品味出文学作品散发出来的独特的美感。

                              关键词:星云棋牌官网下载知人论世; 文学鉴赏; 文学作品;

                              "ZHIRENLUNSHI"SHIJIANSHANGWENXUEZUOPINDEYIGEZHONGYAODEFANGFA。"ZHIRENLUNSHI"SHUOSHIYOUMENGZITICHULAIDE。MENGZICENGDUIDIZIWANZHANGSHUO:"SONGQISHI, DUQISHU, BUZHIQIREN, KEHU?SHIYILUNQISHIYE。SHISHANGYOUYE。"JINGUANMENGZIDEBENYISHIYAO"SHANGYOU", DANZAIKEGUANSHANGHAISHIDAOCHULELIJIEJIANSHANGWENXUEZUOPINDEYIZHONGFANGFA。SUOWEI"ZHIREN", JIUSHIYAODUIZUOZHEDESHENGPINGJINGLIHESIXIANGYOUSUOLEJIE, ZHEIYANGCAINENGZHANZAIZUOZHEDELICHANGSHANG, YUZUOZHEWEIYOU, TIYANZUOZHEDESIXIANGQINGGAN, ZHUNQUEBAWOZUOZHEDEXIEZUOYITUHEZHENGQUELIJIEZUOPINDESIXIANGNEIHAN。QINGDAIZHANGXUECHENGZAI《WENSHITONGYI·WENDE》ZHONGYESHUO:"BUZHIGURENZHISHI, BUKEWANGLUNGURENZHICIYE。ZHIQISHIYI, BUZHIGURENZHISHENCHU, YIBUKEJULUNQIWENYE。"ZAI"ZHIRENLUNSHI"DERENZHIJICHUSHANG, LUXUNXIANSHENGJIEHEJIANSHANGSHIJIANYOUJINYIBUTICHULE"LUNSHISANGUJI"DEGUANDIAN:"WOZONGYIWEITANGRUOLUNWEN, ZUIHAOSHIGUJIQUANPIAN, BINGQIEGUJIZUOZHEDEQUANRENYIJITAMENSUOCHUDESHEHUIZHUANGTAI, ZHEICAIJIAOWEIQUEZAO, YAOBURAN, SHIHENJINYUSHUOMENGDE。"LUXUNXIANSHENGDEZHEIZHONGLUNSHIJIANJIE, SHIDUIMENGZI"ZHIRENLUNSHI"SHUOBIJIAOYANJINZHENMIDEJIESHI。YOUYISHANGDELUNDUANWOMENKEYIKANCHUMENGZIDE"ZHIRENLUNSHI"SHUODUIHOURENCHANSHENGLEJIAOWEISHENKEDEYINGXIANG, SHIWOMENZAIJIANSHANGGUDAISHIGESHI, NENGGOUCONGZUOJIASUOCHUDESHIDAIBEIJINGGENGJIAQUANMIANDELIJIEZUOPINFANYINGDENEIRONG, TOUCHEDIBAWOCIZUOPINCHUANDACHUDEYIYUN。CONGZHEIYIDIANSHANGSHUO, "ZHIRENLUNSHI"WUYISHIYOUZHEZISHENDEKEXUEXINGHEHELIXINGDE。

                            文学

                              一、"知人论世"在文学鉴赏中的作用

                              (YI) "ZHIRENLUNSHI"YOUZHUYUDUZHERENZHIZUOZHE, TIWEIZUOPINJITUODEQINGGAN

                            星云棋牌官网下载   TONGYANGDESHENGHUOZAOYU, BUTONGDERENYOUBUTONGDECHULITAIDU。SUSHI、LIUZONGYUANTONGSHUTANGSONGBADAJIA, TONGYANGCAIZHIGAOYUAN, ZAIZHENGZHISHANGYETONGYANGZAOSHOUGUODAJI, QIESHITUSHOUCUOSHIDOUBUYUEERTONGDIJIANGMUGUANGTOUXIANGLESHANSHUI, XIWANGNENGGOUZAIDAZIRANZHONGZHAODAOJITUO, SHIZIJISHIYIDEXINLINGDEDAOZIRANMEIJINGDEFUWEI, TONGYANGDESHANSHUIYOUJI (SUSHIDEQIANHOU《CHIBIFU》《JICHENGTIANSIYEYOU》《YOUBAISHUIYAN》, LIUZONGYUANDE《YONGZHOUBAJI》) , QUEBIAOXIANCHUBUTONGDESIXIANGGANQING:LIUZONGYUANSHIYI、GUDU;ERSUSHILETIANANMING, WUWANGBUSHI, KUANGDAJINQU。ERJIUQIYUANYIN, ZEYUZUOZHESUOCHUDEJIATINGBEIJING、SHEHUIHUANJINGHEGERENDESIXIANGXINGGESHIMIQIELIANXIDE。CONGJIATINGBEIJINGLAIKAN, LIUZONGYUANJIATINGSHENGHUOHENBUXING, JIEHUNSANNIANQIZIJIUQUSHILE, ERQIEMEIYOULIUXIAZISI, MUQINYOUZAIYONGZHOURANBINGSHENWANG, QIJINGKUANGPOWEIQILIANG;ERSUSHIZEXINGYUNDEDUO。ZAOSUIYUFURENQINGSHENYIDU, ZAOBIANQIJIANYOUJISHI, HAIYOUDIDIDENGRENDEPEIBAN, YINCI, JISHIZAIWAIMIANSHOUDAOLEDAJI, DANSHI, ZHIYAOXIANGQIJIALIDEWENXIN, TADEAICHOUYEJIUJIANSHAOLEXUDUO。CONGSHEHUIHUANJINGLAIKAN, LIUZONGYUANCANYUGAIGEHUOZUI, SHANGWEIJUNFUQI, ZHONGWUYOUPENGYUAN, XIABEIYONGRENDU, QINGKUANGSHIFENLIAOLUO;ERSUSHIZEBUTONG, ZAIZHENGZHISHANGSUIYELVZAOBIANCHU, DANQICHUJINGQUEYULIUZONGYUANJIONGYI:DONGPOZAOBIAN, SHANGZIHUANGTAIHOU, XIAZHIYOUQINPENG, BAOKUOXINDANGLINGXIUWANGANSHI, DOUJILIYINGJIU。ERQIEDONGPOSUODAOZHICHU, RENMENBINGBUYINWEITASHIGEZUIRENERJIANSHAODUITADEZUNZHONG。SUOYI, SHENCHUNIJINGSHI, SUSHIXINYOUWEIJIE, BUSILIUZONGYUANNEIYANGQIKU。DISAN, CONGGERENDESIXIANGXINGGELAIKAN, LIUZONGYUANYOUZHEQIANGLIEDEGONGMINGXIN, SHIGEZHIZHUDERUZHE。TASUITONGFOXUE, DANSHIQUEBUNENGZHENZHENGDEWANGRUERXINFO, YINCI, TAJIUHENNANCONGFOXUENEILIDEDAOJIETUO。ERSUSHIBOQURU、DAO、SHISANJIASIXIANG, RUJIADEJINGSHIZHIYONG, SHANZONGDECHEWU, DAOJIADEKUANGDAJINGCHANGJIAORONGZAIYIQI, DUIHUANHAICHENFU, TAYEHENNENGKANDEKAI。SUOYI, DANGWOMENLEJIELEZHEIXIEZUOZHEDEJUTIBEIJING, ZAIQUTANTAOQISHIBIAODADEQINGGAN, JIUXIANGDUIRONGYIDUOLE。

                              (ER) "ZHIRENLUNSHI"YOUZHUYUDUZHEBAWOZUOPINCHUANDACHUDENEIYUN

                            星云棋牌官网下载   YUQIANDE《SHIHUIYIN》MIAOMOSHIHUITEZHENG, SHOUFAQIAOMIAO, DANCISHIDEZHONGDIANBUSHIZAIYONGWU, CHUANDACHULAIDESIXIANGNEIYUNYEBUJINJINSHIGEYONGSHIHUI。"FENSHENSUIGUHUNBUPA, YAOLIUQINGBAIZAIRENJIAN", YUQISHUOSHIZAIGEYONGSHIHUI, HAIBURUSHUOSHIZUOZHEDEZIBAI。ZHEIJIUXUYAOLEJIEZUOZHEDESHENGPINGJINGLI。YUQIANWEIGUANQINGZHENG, GANGZHENGBUA, ZAI"TUMUZHIYI"ZHONGKANGJIWALARUQIN, WEIGUOJIAJIANLILEQIGONGQUESHOUWUBEISHA, CHENGWEIQIANGUQIYUAN。SHIHUI"FENSHENSUIGU""QINGBAI"ZHENGSHIZUOZHEBIAODALEZISHENDEQINGBAIYUYUANYIWEIGUOJIAXIANSHENDESIXIANGNEIYUN, QIJINGSHENLINGRENQINPEI, MINGYUNLINGRENBEITAN。ZAIRUZHUQINGYUDE《JINSHIZHANGSHUIBU》:"DONGFANGZUOYETINGHONGZHU, DAIXIAOTANGQIANBAIJIUGU。ZHUANGBADISHENGWENFUXU, HUAMEISHENQIANRUSHIWU?"CISHIBIAOMIANSHANGSHIXIEYIWEIXINJIANIANGJINGXINDABANZIJIDENGDAITIANLIANGBAIJIANGONGPODEBUANXINQING, DANRUOYAOLIANXICISHIXIEZUODEBEIJING, ZECISHISUODACHUDENEIYUNBINGFEIRUCI。YUANLAITANGDAIYOUSUOWEIXINGJUANDEFENGQI, JIYINGJINSHIKEJUZHEJIANGZIJISUOZUOSHIWENXIECHENGJUANZHOU, TOUXIANJICHAOZHONGXIANGUIHUOMINGREN, XIWANGDEDAOSHANGSHI、JUJIAN。CISHIJIUSHIZUOZHELINJINKECHANGKAOSHIZHIJITOUZENGJIZHUMINGSHIRENZHANGJIDE, ZHANGSHIRENSHUIBUYUANWAILANG。YOUYUZUOZHEZAIFUSHIZHIQIANXINQINGJIXINGFENYOUJINZHANG, TANTEBUAN, ZHEIHEXINJIANIANGZAIBAIJIANGONGPOQIANDEXINJINGYOUMOUXIEXIANGSIZHICHU, SUOYIZUOZHEQUQIYIDIANZAISHIZHONGYIXINNIANGZIBI, YI"FUXU"BIZHANGJI, YI"JIUGU"JIGONGPOBIZHUKAOGUAN。DANSHIRUOBULEJIECISHIDEXIEZUOBEIJING, JINJINCONGZIMIANSHANGLAILIJIE, JIUMEIYOUZHENZHENGDITIWEICHUCISHICHUANDACHUDESIXIANGNEIYUN。

                              (SAN) "ZHIRENLUNSHI"YOUZHUYUHAIYUANDUZHEYIGEZHENSHIERQUANMIANDEZUOZHE

                            星云棋牌官网下载   ZHEIGESHIJIESHIGEDONGTAIDESHIJIE, ERRENYESHISHEHUIZHONGDONGTAIDEREN。YAOLEJIEZUOZHEDEQUANMAO, JIUBIXUXUEHUIYONG"ZHIRENLUNSHI"DEFANGFAQULEJIEDONGTAISHIJIELIDEDONGTAIDEREN, ZHEIYANG, CAINENGGOUZHENZHENGLEJIEYIGEZHENSHIERQUANMIANDEZUOZHE。RULIQINGZHAODESHENGHUOJUBIANGAIBIANLETACIZUODENEIRONGYUFENGGE。ZAOQIDEGUIZHONGSHENGHUO, ANYISHUSHI, ZAIJIASHANGMEIMANRUYIDEHUNYINSHENGHUO, YINCICIZUODENEIRONGDADUOSHUXIEDUIDAZIRANDEREAIYIJIHUNYINDETIANMI, ERFUQIDEZANLIYOUSHITADANZOUCHULVEDAIKUSEDEWANGFUCI。RANER, ZAILIQINGZHAOSHENGHUODEHOUBANQI, GUOPOJIAWANGDEMINGYUNJUBIANSHITADEXINJINGYESUIZHIBIANHUA, QICIJINGCHONGMANLEGUJIHEQINGKU, FENGGEBEILIANGCHENTONG。QIJINGQIJING, YOUZENYIGECHOUZILEDE?JINGYUDEBIANHUA, ZHANXIANLEDUOZHONGXINGGE, ERLIQINGZHAODEXINGXIANGYEZAIWOMENMIANQIANXIANHUOQILAI。YOUYUSHIJIESHIBIANHUADE, ERGERENDEZAOYU、QINGGANYEHUISUIZHIBIANHUA, SUOYI, BUTONGDESHIJIAN、BUTONGDEJINGYUCHUANGZAOCHULAIDEZUOPINYEHUIYOUBUTONGDEYIJING, ZHANXIANCHULERENDEBUTONGXINGGE, ZHEIYOUZHUYUWOMENRENSHIYIGEZHENSHIERQUANMIANDEZUOZHE。

                              "ZHIRENLUNSHI"SUIRANSHIYIGEKEXUEDEJIANSHANGFANGFA, DANSHI, TASHIYOUJUXIANXINGDE。RUOZAIMOUXIETEDINGDEQINGKUANGXIAYANYONGCIFA, ZEHUIXIANRUWENXUEZUOPINJIANSHANGDEWUQU。

                            星云棋牌官网下载   1. RENPINYUWENPINBUYI。

                              YIBANDEQINGKUANGXIADOUSHIYOUSHENMEYANGDERENPINJIUHUIYOUSHENMEYANGDEWENPIN, DANYEYOULIWAI。ZUIJUDAIBIAOXINGDELIZIJIUSHIPANYUE。YUANHAOWENZAITADE《LUNSHISANSHIZHONG》ZHONGDEDILIUSHOUZHEIYANGXIEDAO:"XINHUAXINSHENGZONGSHIZHEN, WENZHANGNINGFUJIANWEIREN?GAOQINGQIANGU《XIANJUFU》, ZENXINANRENBAILUCHEN?"YUANLAIPANYUEZAI《XIANJUFU》ZHONGCHUANDAJIDUZHEDEJIUSHITAYAOSHOUZHUOGUITIANYUAN, TUIYINSHANLIN, BUZAIGUOWENSHITUSHANGDEYIQIE。DANSHISHISHANGQUESHIPANYUEZAIZUOWAN《XIANJUFU》HOUBUDANMEIYOUGUIYIN, FANERYUDANGSHIDEQUANCHENJIAMILAIWANG, YICIZUOWEIZIJIDADAOGUANCHANGXIANHEDEZHENGZHIJIEJING。ZHENGSHIYOUYUPANYUEZAI《XIANJUFU》ZHONGDEGANQINGSHIZHEN, YUANHAOWENDUIPANYUEDERENPINYUWENPINTICHULEZHIYI。TARENWEIRUGUOZUOPINBIAOXIANDEZONGBUSHIZIJIDEZHENSHIQINGGAN, NEIMEZUOPINSHIHENNANBIAOXIANZUOZHEDEWEIRENDE, BINGYICILAIPIPINGPANYUEZUOSHIDEERZHONGXING。ERHOUMIANDEDUZHERUOHAIYONG"ZHIRENLUNSHI"DEFANGFAQUJIANSHANGPANYUEDE《XIANQINGFU》, ZEHUIYOUXUDUOYIHUO, SUOYI, ZAIZHEIZHONGQINGKUANGXIAZOU"ZHIRENLUNSHI"DEDAOLUQUJIANSHANGWENXUEZUOPINSHIXINGBUTONGDE。

                              2. CHUANZAOFUHUI, QUJIEZUOPINBENYI。

                            星云棋牌官网下载   GURENJIESHIBUMIANSHENQIUQIYI, SHENGBANYINGTAO, FANERSHENGYINGMIANQIANG。LIRU《SHIJING·GUANJU》"YAOTIAOSHUNV, JUNZIHAOQIU"BENLAISHIYIJUBAOHANAIQINGLIXIANGDEMINGJU, ER《MAOSHIXU》ZERENWEITASHI"GEHOUFEIZHIDE", QUJIELEZHEISHOUMINGZUO。ZAIRUWENTINGYUNDE《PUSAMAN》CIXIEYIWEIFUGUIHUALIDENVZICHENQISHUZHUANG、CHUANYIDABANDEQINGTAI, BIAOXIANLETASHENGNIANDUCHUDEKONGXU、JIMODEXINJING。KESHIQINGRENZHANGHUIYANZAI《CIXUAN》ZHONGQUERENWEI, CICIMOERJUYOU《LISAO》"TUIJIANGXIUWUCHUFU"ZHIYI, ZHEISHIBUFUHEBENCISHIJIDE。WENTINGYUNSHIYIWEILIAODAOSHIYI、YOUCAIWUXINGDEWENSHI, JIMEIYOUQUYUANNEIYANGDESHENSHI, YEMEIYOUQUYUANNEIYANGDEQINGCAO, ZENMEKENENGXIECHUZHONGAIZHISIHEJIAGUOZHIGANNI?SUOYI, SHENGBANYINGTAO, QIANQIANGFUHUI, BUDANBUHUIZHENZHENGRENSHIZUOPINDEWENXUEJIAZHI, FANERHUIDECHUYIXIEHUANGMIUDEJIELUN。

                              YIXIERENKANDAOLE"ZHIRENLUNSHI"DEJUXIANXING, ZEZOUXIANGLELINGYIGEJIDUAN---PIANZHONGWENBENYANJIU。ZHEIZHONGFANGFASHIBENSHIJIYILAIXIFANGKEGUANPIPING、YINGMEIXINPIPINGDENGFANGFA, YUWOGUOCHUANTONGDE"ZHIRENLUNSHI"FANGFAXIANGFAN, TAZHUZHONGDESHIWENXUEZUOPINCHANSHENGZHIHOUDULIDEJIAZHI, YAOQIUCONGZUOPINZISHENDEKEGUANXINGCHUFAQUZHANKAIPIPING, YINERYOUYISHIDIBIKAIYIQIEWAIZAIDEGERENHUOSHEHUIDEQINGKUANG, BAQUANBUZHUYILIFANGZAIDUIZUOPINXINGSHIDEYANJIUSHANG。ZHEIZHONGFANGFADEHELIZHICHUZAIYUTAMENJINRULEDUIZUOPINNEIBUTEDIANDEJINGXIYANJIUHEJUTIBAWO, ZAIZHENGGEZUOPINYANJIUZHONGZHANYOUGENGZHONGYAODEDIWEI。DANZHEIZHONGPIANZHONGYUWENBENYANJIUDEFANGFA, YETONGYANGYOUZHEBUKEBIMIANDEJUXIAN。ZAIDUIZUOPINSHANGXISHI, YOUSHIHOULIKAI"ZHIRENLUNSHI"DEYINDAO, DANYIDEWENBENYANJIUYESHICANGBAIWULIDE。ZHEIZHONGFANGFAQIAYU"ZHIRENLUNSHI"YOUZHEHUBUXING。SUOYI, WOMENZAIJIANSHANGZUOPINSHI, YAOBA"ZHIRENLUNSHI"YU"ZUOPINBENTIYANJIU"JINMIJIEHE, ZAIYIQITADEJIANSHANGFANGFARU"YIYINIZHI"、"SHIWUDAGU"、"BIXINGJITUO"、"XUSHIXIANGSHENG"DENGDENGZUOWEIBUCHONG, DUIGEZHONGJIANSHANGFANGFAJIAYIZONGHEYUNYONG, SHIXIANGANXINGYULIXINGDEWANMEIJIEHE, ZHEIYANG, WOMENCAINENGGOUGENGHAODICHUMODAOZUOPINDEBENZHIYUJINGSUI, CAINENGGOUZHENZHENGDIPINWEICHUZUOPINCHUANDADEDUTEDEYIYUNZHIMEI。

                              参考文献
                              [1] (宋) 朱熹。孟子集注[M].齐鲁书社, 1992.
                              [2] (清) 章学诚。文史通义[M].叶瑛校注。中华书局, 1985.
                              [3] 鲁迅。鲁迅全集 (第六卷) [M].人民文学出版社, 1981.
                              [4]郭绍虞。中国历代文论选[M].上海古籍出版社, 1979.
                              [5]叶燮。原诗[M].人民文学出版社, 1979.
                              [6] (清) 沈德潜。古诗源[M].中华书局, 1963.
                              [7] (唐) 房玄龄, 等。晋书[M].中华书局, 1974.
                              [8] (梁) 萧统。文选[M] (。唐) 李善注。中华书局, 1977.
                            星云棋牌官网下载   [9]刘泽。元好问论诗三十首集说[M].山西人民出版社, 1992.

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