星云棋牌官网下载

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                        学术堂专业论文学习平台您当前的位置:学术堂 > 法学论文 > 法律论文 > 物权法论文

                        关于物权法中的优先购买权制度竞合问题研究

                        时间:2017-11-30 来源:科技经济导刊 作者:于梦瑶 本文字数:6158字

                          摘要:优先购买权制度发展历史悠久, 我国自唐宋以后就产生了亲族优先购买权等优先购买制度, 当然早期优先购买权或着眼于家族观念及伦理观念, 或方便交易, 促进商业发展。这在很大程度上带有时代与政治制度因素的背景。而今, 我国现正处于社会转型时期, 社会结构发生了根本性变化, 但是优先购买权制度适应了历史发展的潮流被沿用至今, 并在我国民法领域发挥着重要作用。本文着眼于我国优先购买权制度的历史考察及当今效用等多方面内容进行研究, 以期促进物权法中优先购买权制度的立法完善与发展。

                          关键词:物权法; 优先购买权; 承租人; 共有人;

                        物权法论文

                          YOUXIANGOUMAIQUANZAITAIWANCHENGZHIWEIYOUXIANCHENGMAIQUAN, ZAIGUOWAIJIAOZUOXIANMAIQUAN。DUIYUYOUXIANGOUMAIQUANDELIFA, WOGUOLILUNJIEYIBANRENWEIYOUSILEIMOSHI, JIXUYAOZAIWUQUANFA、ZHAIQUANFAYIJITEBIEDANXINGFAZHONGJINXINGGUIDING。ZAIWOGUOXIANXINGFAZHONGDUIYOUXIANGOUMAIQUANDEGUIDINGJIBAOKUOGEGUOLIFASHANGYIJINGCUNZAIDEYOUXIANGOUMAIQUANLEIXING, YEYOUGENJUWOGUOGUOQINGERXINCHUANGSHEDEWOGUOTEYOUDEYOUXIANGOUMAIQUANLEIXING, BIRUZAIJINQIZUIGAOYUANYUANZETONGGUODE《GONGSIFAJIESHI (SI) 》DIERSHIERTIAOZHIERSHIJIUTIAOGUIDINGLEYIXILIEYOUGUANGUQUANFANGMIANYOUXIANGOUMAIDEJUTIJIESHI, QIZHONGDIERSHISITIAODIERKUANGUIDING“YOUXIANZERENGONGSIDEGUDONGXIANGGUDONGYIWAIDERENZHUANRANGGUQUAN, QITAGUDONGZHUZHANGYOUXIANGOUMAIBUFENGUQUANDE, BUYUZHICHI, DANGONGSIZHANGCHENGLINGYOUGUIDINGDECHUWAI。”GAITIAOKUANSHIZHISHANGDUIYOUXIANGOUMAIQUANJINXINGLEYIDINGCHENGDUDEXIANZHI。BENWENZHISHIXUANQULEZAIWUQUANFAZHONGYOUGUANYOUXIANGOUMAIQUANJINXINGYANJIU, BINGTICHUYIXIELIFAWANSHANDEYIJIAN。

                          1 物权法中优先购买权制度概述

                        星云棋牌官网下载   1.1 YOUXIANGOUMAIQUANDEDINGYI

                        星云棋牌官网下载   YOUXIANGOUMAIQUANSHIZHITEDINGRENYIFALVGUIDINGHUOYUEDING, ZAICHUMAIRENCHUMAICAICHANSHI, XIANGYOUZAITONGDENGTIAOJIANXIAYOUXIANYUTARENGOUMAIDEQUANLI。[1]YOUXIANGOUMAIQUANSHIQUANLIZHUTIZAITONGSHIYONGYOUGOUMAIQUANDELIANGGEHUODUOGEQUANLIZHUTIZHIJIAN, KEYOUXIANYUQITAZHUTIERGOUMAIQIQUANLIBIAODEWU, YOUCIKEJIAN, YOUXIANGOUMAIQUANJUYOUFENGFUDEGAINIANNEIHANHEXINGZHI。ZAOZAI《DEGUOMINFADIAN》DI504TIAOGUIDING:“DUIBIAODEWUYOUYOUXIANMAISHOUQUANDEREN, ZAIXIANMAIYIWURENYUDISANRENDUIBIAODEWUDINGLIMAIMAIHETONGSHI, KEYIXINGSHIXIANMAIQUAN。”DI505TIAOZHI514TIAOYOUDUIXIANMAIQUANDEJUTIXINGSHITIAOJIANYIJIQUANLIXIANZHIJINXINGLEXIHUA, BIRUGUIDINGLEDUIFADINGJICHENGRENBUDEZHUZHANGXIANMAIQUAN、POCHANSHIBUDEXIANMAIYIJIXIANMAIQUANBUNENGZHUANRANG。FAGUOMINFADIAN6DI815-14、15、18TIAOGUIDINGLEGONGYOURENXIANMAIQUAN, YONGYIQUANRENXIANMAIQUAN, DI1862TIAOGUIDINGLEGUDONGXIANMAIQUAN, DI1866TIAOGUIDINGLEZHIYAQUANRENDUIZHIYAGUQUANDEXIANMAIQUAN。LINGWAI, FAGUOXIANGCUNFAHAIGUIDINGLEDIANNONGXIANMAIQUAN[1]。

                          1.2 YOUXIANGOUMAIQUANLEIXINGHUAFENXI

                        星云棋牌官网下载   YOUXIANGOUMAIQUANYOUDUOZHONGFENLEIBIAOZHUN, YINBENWENTANTAODEYOUXIANGOUMAIQUANZHUYAOSHEJIGEYOUXIANGOUMAIQUANZHIJIANXIAOLIWENTI, SUOYIZHUYAOBIAOSHUYIXIAOLIERFENDEYOUXIANGOUMAIQUAN, FENWEIWUQUANYOUXIANGOUMAIQUAN、ZHAIQUANYOUXIANGOUMAIQUANHEZHUNWUQUANYOUXIANGOUMAIQUAN。

                          WUQUANYOUXIANGOUMAIQUANZHUYAOYOUANFENGONGYOUREN、GONGTONGGONGYOURENYOUXIANGOUMAIQUANDENG。ZAIWOGUO《WUQUANFA》DI101TIAODUIANFENGONGYOURENXIANGYOUDEYOUXIANGOUMAIQUANJINXINGLEMINGQUEGUIDING, SHIZHIZAIMOUYIANFENGONGYOURENZHUANRANGQIFENESHI, QITAANFENGONGYOURENZAICIQINGKUANGXIA, XIANGYOUYOUXIANGOUMAIGAIFENEDEQUANLI。TASHIFALVFUYUANFENGONGYOURENSUOXIANGYOUDEQUANLI。LIRU, A、BLIANGRENGONGTONGCHUZIGOUMAIYITAOERCENGLINJIESHANGPINFANGBINGSHANGYIYICENGGUIASUOYOU, ERCENGGUIBSUOYOU, ERRENBIANXINGCHENGLEYIZHONGDIANXINGDEANFENGONGYOUGUANXI, RUOA、BQIZHONGYIRENWEIGAOZHILINGYIRENERSHANZIJIANGQIYINGYOUFENECHUMAIJIDISANREN, ZEQIQINFANLELINGYIANFENGONGYOURENDEYOUXIANGOUMAIQUAN。DANLINGRENYIHANDESHI, DUIYUGONGTONGGONGYOURENYOUXIANGOUMAIQUAN《WUQUANFA》WEIZUOGUIDING, DANZHEIBINGBUDAIBIAOZHEGONGTONGGONGYOURENBUXIANGYOUYOUXIANGOUMAIQUAN。ZAI《MINTONGYIJIAN》92TIAOZHONGGUIDING:“GONGTONGGONGYOUCAICHANFENGEHOU, YIGEHUOZHESHUGEYUANGONGYOURENCHUMAIZIJIFENDEDECAICHANSHI, RUGUOCHUMAIDECAICHANYUQITAYUANGONGYOURENFENDEDECAICHANSHUYUYIGEZHENGTIHUOZHEPEITAOSHIYONG, QITAYUANGONGYOURENZHUZHANGYOUXIANGOUMAIQUANDE, YINGDANGYUYIZHICHI。”ERQIEGONGTONGGONGYOUGUANXIDUOFASHENGZAITESHUSHENFENGUANXIDEJICHUSHANG, ERQIEGONGTONGGONGYOUCAICHANDEFENGEDUOSHIYINWEIZHEIZHONGTESHUSHENFENGUANXIDEPOLIE, YINERZHEIYIGUIDINGWEIGONGTONGGONGYOUCAICHANDEFENGETIGONGLEJIAOWEIYOUXIAODEFANGFA, RANERGAIGUIDINGJINSHITINGLIUZAISIFAJIESHICENGMIAN, BIZHERENWEIWUQUANFAYINGDUICIZUOJUTIGUIDING。

                          ZHAIQUANYOUXIANGOUMAIQUANZHUYAOSHIZHIYOUXIANGONGSIGUDONGXIANGWAIZHUANRANGGUQUANSHINEIBUGUDONGXIANGYOUDEYOUXIANGOUMAIQUANYIJIHEHUOQIYEHEHUORENDUICAICHANFENEXIANGYOUDEYOUXIANGOUMAIQUANDENG。ZHUNWUQUANYOUXIANGOUMAIQUANBAOKUOYUGAODENGJIYOUXIANGOUMAIQUAN、CHENGZURENDEYOUXIANGOUMAIQUANDENG。SUOWEIYUGAODENGJIYOUXIANGOUMAIQUANSHIZHI《WUQUANFA》DI20TIAOGUIDINGDEYUGAODENGJIZHIDU, ZAIMAIMAIFANGWUDENGQITABUDONGCHANZHONG, YIDANJINXINGYUGAODENGJIZHIHOU, DENGJIQUANLIRENJIUXIANGDANGYUXIANGYOULEYOUXIANGOUMAIFANGWUDEQUANLI, YINWEICISHIFANGWUSUOYOUQUANRENWEIJINGDENGJIQUANLIRENTONGYIDUISUOSHEFANGWUWEIMAIMAI、DIYADENGCHUFENSHIBUHUIFASHENGWUQUANXIAOLI。DANRUGUOGAIYUGAODENGJIYOUXIANGOUMAIQUANBUSHOUXIANZHIBIRANHUIDAOZHIFANGWUSUOYOUQUANRENDECAICHANCHUYUBUQUEDINGZHUANGTAIERQIEBULIYUWUZHIJIAOHUANDELIUTONGZUAISHEHUIDEFAZHAN, YINERZAIDI20TIAODIERKUANZHONGCONGCHUCHIQIJIANSHANGDUIYOUXIANGOUMAIQUANJINXINGLEXIANZHI, JIZHAIQUANXIAOMIEHUOZHEZINENGGOUJINXINGBUDONGCHANDENGJIZHIRIQISANGEYUENEIWEISHENQINGDENGJIDE, YUGAODENGJISHIXIAO。《FAGUOMINFADIAN》、《DEGUOMINFADIAN》、《RIBENMINFADIAN》GUIDINGZHIZHONGYIBANYEDUIGELEIYOUXIANGOUMAIQUANJINXINGCHUCHIQIJIANZHIYUE。

                          2 我国物权法中的优先购买权制度存在的竞合问题

                          2.1 GONGYOURENYUCHENGZURENYOUXIANGOUMAIQUANDEJINGHE

                        星云棋牌官网下载   ZAIWOGUOMINSHANGFALINGYUYOUXIANGOUMAIQUANZHIDUZHONG, GONGTONGGONGYOUREN、ANFENGONGYOURENYUCHENGZURENDOUXIANGYOUYOUXIANGOUMAIQUAN, DANSHIDANGSHUANGFANGTONGSHIDUICHUMAIWUZHUZHANGXINGSHIYOUXIANGOUMAIQUANSHIYINGRUHECAIDINGYIZHICUNZAIZHEJIAODADEZHENGYI。DUICHENGZURENYOUXIANGOUMAIQUANDEXIANZHIZHUYAOZAI《CHENGZHENFANGWUZULINHETONGSIFAJIESHI》DIERSHISITIAO“DIERSHISITIAOGUIDINGJUYOUXIALIEQINGXINGZHIYI, CHENGZURENZHUZHANGYOUXIANGOUMAIFANGWUDE, RENMINFAYUANBUYUZHICHI: (YI) FANGWUGONGYOURENXINGSHIYOUXIANGOUMAIQUANDE; (ER) CHUZURENJIANGFANGWUCHUMAIJIJINQINSHU, BAOKUOPEIOU、FUMU、ZINV、XIONGDIJIEMEI、ZUFUMU、WAIZUFUMU、SUNZINV、WAISUNZINVDE; (SAN) CHUZURENLVXINGTONGZHIYIWUHOU, CHENGZURENZAISHIWURINEIWEIMINGQUEBIAOSHIGOUMAIDE; (SI) DISANRENSHANYIGOUMAIZULINFANGWUBINGYIJINGBANLIDENGJISHOUXUDE。”ZHUYIDESHI, DIYIKUANSUOYONG“FANGWUGONGYOURENXINGSHIYOUXIANGOUMAIQUAN”, BIZHERENWEICICHU“FANGWUGONGYOUREN”YINGZUOKUODAJIESHI, JIBAOKUOANFENGONGYOURENYIBAOKUOFUQIDENGGONGTONGGONGYOUREN。

                          DANYOUXUEZHERENWEI, CONGWOGUOXIANXINGFADEGUIDINGLAIKAN, SUOWEIGONGYOURENYOUXIANGOUMAIQUANYUCHENGZURENDEYOUXIANGOUMAIQUANGENBENJIUBUCUNZAIJINGHE, SHIXUEZHEXIANGDANGRANDESIWEIGUANXINGXIADEYIZHONGWUSHU[2]。RENWEISHOUXIANANFENGONGYOURENDEYOUXIANGOUMAIQUAN, QIGOUMAIDEDUIXIANGXIGONGYOURENZHUANRANGDEGONGYOUFENE。GONGYOURENDEGONGYOUFENE, SHIZHIGONGYOURENDUIGONGYOUWUSUOYOUQUANSUOXIANGYOUQUANLIZHIBILI, XIYICHOUXIANGGAINIAN, BINGFEIJUXIANYUGONGYOUWUZHITEDINGBUFEN。[3]ERDUIYUCHENGZURENDEYOUXIANGOUMAIQUANQIDUIXIANGWEITEDINGDECHUZUBIAODE, SHIZHENDUIYUCHUZURENZHUANRANGDECHUZUWUERYANDE, QIKETISHIJUTIDEBIAODEWU, ERFEICHOUXIANGDEGONGYOUFENE。QUANLIZHIKETINAISHIWU, RUOCHUFENWUZEBIRANCHUFENWUSHANGZHIQUANLI, SUOYIDUIGONGYOUWUZHICHUFENBIRANCHUFENLEGONGYOUWUSHANGSUOJIDEGONGYOURENZHIQUANLIFENE;DANCHUFENYINGYOUFENEZEBUDAIBIAOCHUFENWU, YINWEI:YINGYOUBUFENWEICHOUXIANGDECUNZAI, ERFEIGONGYOUWUZAILIANGSHANGDEFENGE;YINGYOUBUFENBINGBUJUXIANYUGONGYOUWUZHITEDINGBUFEN, ERSHICHOUXIANGCUNZAIYUGONGYOUWUZHIRENHEWEIXIAOBUFEN。[4]QICI, ERZHECHUFENDEQIANTIBUTONG。WOGUO《WUQUANFA》DI97TIAOGUIDING:“CHUFENGONGYOUDEBUDONGCHANHUOZHEDONGCHANYIJIDUIGONGYOUDEBUDONGCHANHUOZHEDONGCHANZUOZHONGDAXIUSHANDE, YINGDANGJINGZHANFENESANFENZHIERYISHANGDEANFENGONGYOURENHUOZHEQUANTIGONGTONGGONGYOURENTONGYI, DANGONGYOURENZHIJIANLINGYOUYUEDINGDECHUWAI。”YOUYISHANGWOMENKEZHI, GONGTONGGONGYOURENHEANFENGONGYOURENZAICHUFENQIGONGYOUCAICHANQIANBIXUZHENGDEDABUFENHUOZHEQUANBUGONGYOURENDETONGYI, JIZAIDUIWAICHUFENZHIQIANGONGYOURENNEIBUDUICHUFENWUXINGCHENGLEYIZHONGNEIBUGUANXI, CISHISHANGBUSHEJIDISANREN。DANGJIANGCHUFENWUDUIWAICHUSHOUSHI, GONGYOURENYIJINGTONGYIDUIBUDONGCHANHUOZHEDONGCHANDECHUFEN, FANGQILEQIDUIGONGYOUBUFENDEYOUXIANGOUMAIQUAN。DANBIZHERENWEIZHEIZHONGLUOJICUNYOUWENTI, YINWEIGONGYOURENTONGYIDEYISIBIAOSHIZAIDUIWAICHUFENDEYIYUAN, WOMENBUNENGTUIDINGQIYISIBIAOSHIMOSHIZHEDUIYOUXIANGOUMAIQUANDEFANGQI, LIANGZHONGYISIBIAOSHIBINGBUNENGBAOHANBICISHIGEZIDULIDE, SUOYIERZHESHICUNZAIJINGHEDE。

                          HAIYOUXUEZHERENWEI:“BUYIDUICHENGZURENXIANMAIQUANYUGONGYOURENXIANMAIQUANDEJINGHEZUOCHUYIBANXINGDEGUIDING, ERSHIYINGDANGJIEHEJIAOYIZHONGDEJUTIQINGKUANG, JINXINGCAIPAN。ZAIJUEDINGHEZHONGQUANLICHUYUYOUXIANDIWEISHI, YINGDANGCONGYIXIAJIDIANJINXINGKAOLV:DIYI, JIANHUAFALVGUANXI;DIER, SHIXIANWUJINQIYONG;DISAN, DUIYUTUDIDENGZUOWEISHENGCHANXINGWUZIDEBUDONGCHANLAISHUO, HAIYAOZHUYIBAOZHENGWUZAIJINGJISHANGDEGUIMOXIAOYINGDEFAHUI。”[5]BIZHERENWEI, ZHEIZHONGGUANDIANSUIRANCHONGFENDEZUNZHONGLEDANGSHIRENDEYIYUAN, TIXIANLEMINFASHANGDEYISIZIZHIYUANZE, KAOLVLEBIAODEWUDETEXINGHEXINGZHI, DANSHIFOUQINGXIANGGUODUOFUYULEFAGUANGUODUODEZIYOUCAILIANGQUAN。ERQIECHENGZURENYOUXIANGOUMAIQUANSHELIBEIJINGZAIYUMIBUFANGWUDENGBUDONGCHANZIYUANDEBUZU, WEICHONGFENBAOZHANGCHENGZURENDEZHUFANGQUAN, ERZHUFANGQUANSHIRENLEISHENGCUNDEJIBENXUQIU。DANSHISUIZHESHEHUIDEFAZHAN, ZULINZHIMUDEBINGBUSHIYINFANGWUDUANQUE, ERSHIWEIMANZUZHUFANGQUANYIWAIDEGEZHONGXUQIUSUOZHI, HUANYANZHI, CHENGZURENDEZHUFANGQUANHAIXUBUXUYAOJIXUFANGZAIYOUXIANGOUMAIQUANZHONGJINXINGBAOHUYOUDAIJINYIBULUNZHENG, ERQIEZAIGUOWAIYOUGEBIEGUOJIAYIJINGFEICHULECHENGZURENYOUXIANGOUMAIQUANZHIDU。ER《CHENGZHENFANGWUZULINHETONGSIFAJIESHI》DI24TIAOGUIDINGHUANHELEFANGWUGONGYOURENYIJIFANGWUSUOYOUQUANRENJIATINGLUNLIYINSUYUCHENGZURENZHIJIANDECHONGTUSHIYIZHONGLIFADEJINBU, SHIYINGGAIDEDAOKENDINGDE。

                          2.2 CHENGZURENZHIJIANYOUXIANGOUMAIQUANDEJINGHE

                        星云棋牌官网下载   ZAIDUIYUTONGYIBIAODEWUSHUGECHENGZURENTONGSHIZHUZHANGYOUXIANGOUMAIQUANSHI, KENENGHUIFASHENGCHENGZURENZHIJIANYOUXIANGOUMAIQUANDEJINGHE。CONGWOGUOXIANXINGFALVLAIKAN, WOGUOFALVGUIDINGYOUXIANGOUMAIQUANSHIJIANGCHENGZURENZUOWEIYIGEZHENGTIERFUYUDE, QIJUYOUDESHIDUIKANGQUANTICHENGZURENZHIWAIDEQITARENDEQUANLI, DANSHIDANGJIGECHENGZURENTONGSHIZHUZHANGDANDUQUDEQICHUZUBIAODEDESUOYOUQUANSHI, QIXIANGJIAOYUQITACHENGZURENERYANSHIBUJUBEIYOUXIANGOUMAIQUANDE, GEGEDANGSHIRENCHUYUPINGDENGDEFALVDIWEI, CISHIYINGGAILEITUISHIYONG《HETONGFASIFAJIESHISAN》DI10TIAOGUIDINGDETESHUDONGCHAN“YIWUERMAI”DEYUANZEJINXINGCHULI。

                          HAIYOUYIZHONGQINGXINGBIANSHIGEGECHENGZURENFENBIEJIUBIAODEWUDEBUFENFENEYUCHUZURENJIANLILEZULINGUANXI, ZAICIZHONGQINGXINGXIA, RUGUOMAIMAIWUKEYIFENGE, ZEGEGECHENGZURENYINGDANGZHIDUIQIZULINBUFENXIANGYOUYOUXIANGOUMAIQUAN, ERDUIQITACHENGZURENDEZULINBUFENBINGBUXIANGYOUYOUXIANGOUMAIQUAN。RURUOMAIMAIWUBUKEFENGE, NEIMEYINGDANGYOUGEGECHENGZURENXIESHANGCHULI, HUOZHEANZHAOZUINENGFAHUIWUZHIXIAOYINGYUYIBANMAIMAIYUANZECHULI。

                          2.3 ZHAOBIAO、PAIMAIZHONGNENGFOUXINGSHIYOUXIANGOUMAIQUAN

                        星云棋牌官网下载   DUIYUYIZHAOBIAO、PAIMAIDENGXINGSHIZHUANRANGSUOYOUQUANSHI, NENGFOUXINGSHIYOUXIANGOUMAIQUAN, LILUNSHANGCUNZAIHENDAZHENGYI。ZONGTILAISHUO, FANDUIZAIZHAOBIAO、PAIMAIZHONGXINGSHIYOUXIANGOUMAIQUANDEYIJIANZHANZHULIU, LIYOUZHUYAOYOU:

                          (1) CHENGRENPAIMAIZHONGDEYOUXIANGOUMAIQUAN, ZAISHIWUSHANGHENNANCAOZUO。RUYOUXIANGOUMAIQUANRENCANJIAJINGMAI, JIUBUCUNZAIYITONGDENGTIAOJIANYOUXIANGOUMAIDEWENTI;RUYOUXIANGOUMAIQUANRENBUCANJIAJINGMAI, ERZAIPAIDINGHOUZAIYOUYOUXIANGOUMAIQUANRENXINGSHIYOUXIANGOUMAIQUANERMAIDE, ZEPAIMAITUYOUQIMING, SHIQUXINYONG, ERSHIRENMENBUYUANYICANJIAJINGMAI, CONGERYINGXIANGBUDONGCHANDEMAIJIA。[6]

                          (2) ZAIPAIMAICHANGHE, RUOYOUXIANGOUMAIQUANYIDEXINGSHI, ZEYINGMAIRENSHIBIRUIJIAN, MAIJIANANMIANPIANDI, YIFANGMIANBULIYUZHAIQUANRENJIPAIMAIWUZHISUOYOUREN, LINGYIFANGMIANYIBUMIANZAOCHENGPIANHUIYOUXIANGOUMAIQUANRENDEJIEGUO。[7]

                          (3) PAIMAISHIYIZHONGJINGZHENGMAIMAI, YINGDANGYICHUJIAZUIGAOZHEWEISHOUMAIREN。PAIMAISHIYIZHONGYI“JIAGAOZHEDE”WEIYUANZEDEBIANJIAFANGSHI, BINGWU“TONGDENGTIAOJIAN”KEYAN, YOUXIANGOUMAIQUANSANGSHILELAIYICUNZAIDEJIAZHIJICHU。XIANMAIQUANRENRUYUGOUDEBUDONGCHAN, KEYICANJIAYINGMAI, YUTARENGONGPINGJINGZHENG。TONGZHIYOUXIANGOUMAIQUANRENCANJIAJINGMAIJIUNENGGOUSHIXIANDUIQIYOUXIANGOUMAIQUANDEBAOHU。[8]

                        星云棋牌官网下载   BIZHERENWEI, SHANGSHULIYOUYOUQIHELIXING, DANSHIZHAOBIAO、PAIMAIDENGXINGSHIYIRANSHIDINGLIHETONGDEYIZHONGFANGSHI, BUNENGYINWEIQIFANGSHIDEGAIBIANERYINGXIANGYOUXIANGOUMAIQUANDEXIAOLI。SHANGSHULIYOUZHONGSUOMIAOSHUDEQINGXINGZHISHIZAIZHAOBIAO、PAIMAIGUOCHENGZHONGKENENGCHUXIANDEQINGXINGERQIEQITAZHAOBIAO、PAIMAIZHONGDEGUIDINGYEKENENGCHUXIANSHANGSHUQINGXING, LIRUZHAOBIAO、PAIMAIDETESHUYAOQIUERSHICANYURENJIANSHAODENG, DANZHEIBINGBUNENGCHENGWEIFOURENZHAOBIAO、PAIMAIZHONGDEYOUXIANGOUMAIQUANDEHELILIYOU。QICI, RUGUOFOUDINGZHAOBIAO、PAIMAIZHONGDEYOUXIANGOUMAIQUAN, XIANRANQINFANLEYOUXIANGOUMAIQUANRENDEHEFAQUANYI, HAIYOUKENENGZAOCHENGSHENGCHANZILIAOYUSHENGHUOZILIAOLIYONGDEBUBIANLIHELANGFEI。YINCI, ZAIZHAOBIAO、PAIMAIDENGJIAOYIFANGSHIZHONGYIRANKEYICUNZAIYOUXIANGOUMAIQUAN, ZHIBUGUOYINGDANGCAIQUYIZHONGTESHUDEFANGSHI。WOGUOTAIWANDIQUDEFALVGUIDINGFANGWUPAIMAISHI, CHENGZURENXIANGYOUYOUXIANGOUMAIQUAN, QI“TUDIFA”DI104TIAOGUIDING, :“FANGWUCHUMAISHIJIDISUOYOUQUANREN, JIDISUOYOURENJIEDAOTONGZHIHOUSHIRINEIKEZHUZHANGYOUXIANGOUMAIQUAN……”WOGUOTAIWANDIQU“ZUIGAOFAYUAN1960NIANTAIKANGZIDI83HAO”RENWEI:“QIANGZHIZHIXINGFASHANGPAIMAI, YINGJIESHIWEIMAIMAIZHIYIZHONG, ……YINGJIANGMAIMAITIAOJIANYISHUMIANTONGZHIYOUXIANGOUMAIQUANRENZHICHENGZUREN, SHIQIBIAOSHIYIYUANDENGDENG”。ZUIGAORENMINFAYUAN《GUANYURENMINFAYUANMINSHIZHIXINGZHONGPAIMAI、BIANMAICAICHANDEGUIDING》YIMINGQUELEQIANGZHIPAIMAICHENGXUZHONGDUIYOUXIANGOUMAIQUANDEBAOHU, GAIGUIDINGDI16TIAODI1KUANGUIDING:“PAIMAIGUOCHENGZHONG, YOUZUIGAOYINGJIASHI, YOUXIANGOUMAIQUANRENKEYIBIAOSHIYIZUIGAOJIAMAISHOU, RUWUZUIGAOYINGJIA, ZEPAIGUIYOUXIANGOUMAIQUANREN;RUYOUZUIGAOYINGJIA, ERYOUXIANGOUMAIQUANRENBUZUOBIAOSHIDE, ZEPAIGUIGAIYINGJIAZUIGAODEJINGMAIREN。”

                          CONGTAIWANFADESHANGSHUGUIDINGZHONGWOMENKEYIKANCHU, YOUXIANGOUMAIQUANRENCANYULEPAIMAIGUOCHENG, QICANYUFANGSHIZHUYAOYOULIANGZHONG:YIZHONGSHIYOUXIANGOUMAIQUANRENZUOWEIPUTONGDEJINGJIARENCANYUQUANCHENGDEJINGJIAGUOCHENG, DANGCHUXIANZUIGAOYINGJIASHI, YOUXIANGOUMAIQUANRENKEBIAOSHIYIXIANGTONGDEJIAGEXIANYUZUIGAOJINGJIARENGOUMAI, YEKEBIAOSHIFANGQIYOUXIANGOUMAIQUANERYOUZUIGAOJINGJIARENGOUMAI;DIERZHONGFANGSHISHIDAIPAICHUZUIGAOJINGJIAHOU, XUNWENYOUXIANGOUMAIQUANRENSHIFOUYUANYIYIGAIZUIGAOJINGJIAGOUMAI, YICILAIBAOHUYOUXIANGOUMAIQUANRENDEHEFAQUANYI。WULUNSHISHANGSHUHEZHONGFANGFA, YOUXIANGOUMAIQUANRENDOUNENGGOUYIJIJICANJIAPAIMAIDEFANGSHIZAITONGDENGTIAOJIANXIALAIBAOHUZIJIDEYOUXIANGOUMAIQUAN。DANSHIXIANRANDIERZHONGFANGFAKENENGHUIYOUSUNZUIGAOJINGJIARENDEQUANYI, QIEKENENGDAOZHIMAIJIAPIANDI, YINERCAIQUDIYIZHONGFANGFASHIZUIHESHIDE。

                          3 我国物权法中优先购买权制度的立法完善

                          WOGUOXIANXINGFAZHONGSUIRANGUIDINGLEMOUXIELEIXINGWUQUANFAZHONGDEYOUXIANGOUMAIQUANZHIDU, DANYOUYUQUEFAYIBANXINGGUIDINGDETONGLING, ZHENGGEZHIDUXIANDEJIAOWEISANLUAN, WEINENGXINGCHENGYIGETONGYIXIEDIAODETIXI, JIAZHI, GEJUTIGUIDINGGUOYUYUANZE、GAIKUO, ZAISHIWUZHONGDECAOZUOXINGBUQIANG, ZHIJIEYINGXIANGLEWUQUANFAZHONGDEYOUXIANGOUMAIQUANZHIDUZAIXIANSHISHENGHUOZHONGDEYINGYONG。DANWUQUANFAZHONGDEYOUXIANGOUMAIQUANZUOWEIYIXIANGGULAODEFALVZHIDU, ZHANGQIYILAIZAIWOGUODECHENGWENFAHEXIGUANFAZHONGJUNYOUTIXIAN, RENMENZAIXINLISHANGYIJINGXINGCHENGLEYINGYONGYOUXIANGOUMAIQUANDEXIGUAN, ERQIE, YOUXIANGOUMAIQUANZHIDUDUTEDEJIAZHIHEGONGNENG, ZAIWOGUOMUQIANDESHEHUITIAOJIANXIA, RENGRANJUYOUZHONGYAOYIYI, YINGWEIWOGUOSHEHUIFAZHANSUOXU。YINCI, WOMENZAIKANDAOXIANCUNYOUXIANGOUMAIQUANZHIDUQUEXIANDETONGSHI, GENGYINGDANGKENDINGYOUXIANGOUMAIQUANZHIDUDEXIANSHIYIYI, LIANGXIANGDUIZHAO, QULIECUNYOU, GUIBINGZHENGLI, ZAILIFASHANGDUIYOUXIANGOUMAIQUANZHIDUJINYIBUFAZHANHEWANSHAN。

                          3.1 YINGYUFEICHUDEWUQUANFAZHONGDEYOUXIANGOUMAIQUANZHIDU

                        星云棋牌官网下载   WOGUOYOUYIXIEWUQUANFAZHONGDEYOUXIANGOUMAIQUANDEJICHUYIJINGBUCUNZAILE, YINGYUFEICHU。LIRU: (1) YUANCHENGDIANRENDEYOUXIANGOUMAIQUAN。ZUIGAORENMINFAYUAN1963NIAN《GUANYUGUANCHEZHIXINGMINSHIZHENGCEJIGEWENTIDEYIJIAN (XIUZHENGGAO) 》ZHONGGUIDING:“FANGWUHUISHUHOU, CHUZUHUOCHUMAIDE, YUANCHENGDIANRENZAITONGDENGJIAGESHANGYOUYOUXIANCHENGZU、CHENGMAIQUAN。”, CIYIGUIDINGJIANGDIANQUANRENDEXIANMAIQUANKUOJIYUDIANQUANGUANXIMIESHIHOU, DUIDIANQUANRENDEBAOHUSIXIANGUOFEN, YINGYUPAOQI。 (2) FANGGAIZHONGDEYOUXIANGOUMAIQUANZHIDU。“CHUSHOUGONGYOUJIUZHUFANG, BINGFEIYISHICHANGJIAGEQUEDING, GUOJIADUIYUANZHUHUJIAGESHANGYOUJIAODAYOUHUI, SUOYIBINGBUCUNZAITONGDENGTIAOJIAN, YONGYOUGONGFANGDEDANWEIGENBENBUNENGJIANGZHUFANGCHUMAIJIDANWEIWAIDISANREN, CICHUBUNENGSHIYONGCHENGZURENYOUXIANGOUMAIQUAN”。ERZHUHUCHUSHOUYIBIAOZHUNJIAGOUMAIDEGONGYOUZHUFANG, JIYUXIANGTONGLIYOU, YEBUYINGSHIYONG“GONGYOURENYOUXIANGOUMAIQUAN”。[9]YOUYUWOGUOGONGYOUZHUFANGYIJINGGAIGE, GONGYOUZHUFANGYIJINGKEYISHANGSHIJIAOYI, ZHEIZHONGZAIJINGJITIZHIGAIGEZHONGCHUXIANDEGUODUXINGZHENGCE, YISHIQUQICUNZAIYIYI。

                          3.2 YINGYUXIUGAIDEWUQUANFAZHONGDEYOUXIANGOUMAIQUANZHIDU

                        星云棋牌官网下载   (1) KUODACHENGZURENYOUXIANGOUMAIQUANDESHIYONGFANWEI。WOGUOXIANXINGDECHENGZURENYOUXIANGOUMAIQUANZHIDUJINXIANYUFANGWUDECHENGZUREN, DANBIZHERENWEI, TANGRUOFANGWUCHENGZURENYOUXIANGOUMAIQUANRENGRANYOUCUNZAIBIYAODEHUA, NEIMESHIYONGFANWEIHAISHIYOUDIANXIAZHAIDE, BIRUZAIRONGZIZULINZHONGDEDAXINGJIQISHEBEI, YOUQISHIYIXIEDAXINGDELIUSHUISHENGCHANXIAN, TAMENJIBENSHANGYIJINGSHIDENGTONGYUBUDONGCHANDETEZHENG, CISHIZAI“TONGDENGTIAOJIAN”ZHIXIAYINGCEZHONGDUIYUANCHENGZURENLIYIDEBAOHU。 (2) MINGQUETESHUJIAOYIFANGSHIZHONGDEYOUXIANGOUMAIQUAN。WOGUOXIANXINGFALVBINGWEIDUIZHAOBIAO、PAIMAIDENGJIAOYIFANGSHIZHONGDEYOUXIANGOUMAIQUANZHIDUJIAYIGUIDING, ZHEIYANGBINGBULIYUBAOHUYOUXIANGOUMAIQUANRENDEHEFAQUANYI, BINGQIEZAISIFASHIWUZHONGRONGYIFASHENGZHENGYI, YICIBIZHERENWEIKEYIJIANCAIWOGUOTAIWANDIQUHUOZHESHIQITADIQUDEFALVBINGJIEHEWOGUOSHIJIGUOQING, CONGERJINYIBUWANSHANFAZHANWOGUOWUQUANFAZHONGDEYOUXIANGOUMAIQUANZHIDU。

                          参考文献
                          [1]曹艳芝.湘潭大学学报 (哲学社会科学版) , 2004, 28 (3) :81.
                          [2]周缘求.“论共有人优先购买权与承租人优先购买权之竞合”[J].华东政法学院学报, 2003 (1) .
                          [3]谢在全.民法物权论 (上册) [M].北京:中国政法大学出版社, 1999:277.
                        星云棋牌官网下载   [4]梁慧星.中国物权法研究[M].法律出版社1998:564.

                          于梦瑶.论我国物权法中优先购买权及其立法完善[J].科技经济导刊,2017(01):294-296.
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