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                                专业学术论文选题类型和选题方法(选题的5类问题)

                                时间:2019-03-20 来源:大学生论文写作 作者:刘建乔;何汶 本文字数:3461字

                                  1、选题类型

                                星云棋牌官网下载   LUNWENXUANTIDAZHIKEFENWEIYUESHUXINGHEFEIYUESHUXINGLIANGZHONGLEIXING。

                                  YUESHUXINGXUANTIDEMUDEXINGHENQIANG,JIUSHIWEILEWANCHENGMOUXIANGKEYANRENWU,BAOKUOHENGXIANGKEYANHEZONGXIANGKEYAN,RUGUOJIASHEKEJIJINXIANGMU、GUOJIAZIRANKEXUEJIJINXIANGMUDENG。

                                星云棋牌官网下载   TONGCHANGSHUYUYIGEDUOJIKETIXITONG,ANXITONGLUNDEFANGFAFENGE,FENBIEYOUBUTONGDEZHUANJIAWANCHENG。ZHEILEIXUANTIQIDIANGAO,WULUNSHIXUESHUJIAZHIHAISHISHEHUIYINGXIANGDOUBIJIAODA,BINGQIEYOUJINGFEIZHICHI。DANSHI,ZHEIZHONGXUANTIBUNENGSUIXINSUOYU,YIDINGYAOANZHAOSHIXIANGONGBUDEKETIJIHUAHEXIANGMUDENEIZAILIANXIQUEDING。YOUZHEILEIXUANTIYANSHENGDELUNWEN,TONGCHANGYONGYUXIANGMUYANSHOU、KETIJIETIDENG。BIYELUNWENHUOXUEWEILUNWENXIANRANYESHUYUZHEILEIXUANTI。

                                星云棋牌官网下载   FEIYUESHUXINGXUANTIJIZIYOUXUANTI,TONGCHANGGENJUZIJIDEXINGQUAIHAO、MUQIANZHANGWODEZILIAOHEYANJIUJICHU、WANCHENGDEKENENGXINGXUANDING。ZHEILEIXUANTITONGCHANGBIJIAO“XIAO” ,JINGFEIYESHAO,DUOSHUQINGKUANGXIASHIYUESHUXINGXUANTIDEBUCHONG,DANZIYOUDUDA,KECHONGFENTIXIANZIJIDEZHUANYEYOUSHIHEYANJIUXINGQU。

                                  XUYAOQIANGDIAODEYIDIANSHI,XUANTI“XIAO”SHIXIANGDUIYUDUOJIKETIXITONGERYANDE,TONGCHANGBIAOSHIXUANTIFANWEIDANYI,LUNWENKEYIDANPIANZICHENGTIXI。DANSHI,JUEBUDAIBIAOYANJIUDEJIAZHIXIAO。YOUSHIHOU,ZIYOUXUANTIGENGYOUKENENGCHANSHENGCHUANGXINCHENGGUO,YINWEIZAIWANQUANMEIYOUWAILIJIERUDETIAOJIANXIA,YANJIURENYUANKEYIBINGQIGONGLISIWEI,ZUIDACHENGDUDIFAHUIZHUGUANNENGDONGXING,DIAODONGYIQIEYOULIYINSU,CHANSHENGCHUANGXINCHENGGUO。

                                  YINCI,DAXUEHEYANJIUJIGOUDOUSHIFENZHONGSHIZIYOUXUANTI,BINGTONGYANGJIYIYIDINGDEJINGFEIZHICHI,YIQUEBAOYANJIUDEZIYOUHEZIZHU。LIRU,BEIYUWEIXINXINGDAXUEFAZHANLICHENGBEIDERIBENZHUBODAXUE(University of Tsukuba),JIANGZIYOUXUANTIZUOWEIZUNZHONGJIAOSHIXUESHUZIYOU、PEIYANGJIAOSHIYANJIUNENGLI、SHIXIANXUEKEJIAOCHARONGHEDEZHONGYAOSHOUDUAN。

                                  TONGGUOPINGDENGDIZIZHUMEIWEIJIAOSHIDEZIZHUXUANTI,LIYONGJINGFEINIUDAIJICHENGBUTONGXUESHUBEIJINGDERENQUN,JINERGONGGUXUEXIHEXUEQUN,SHIXIANCUJINXUEKERONGHEDEBANXUEMUBIAO。

                                  YUESHUXINGXUANTIMEIYOUTAIDADEJIQIAO,YIBANDOUSHIXIANXIANGXIDIGUIDINGHAO,YOUGAOJIYANJIURENYUANSHENQINGHEZUZHIWANCHENG。DUIYUCHUJIYANJIURENYUAN,YOUQISHIDAXUESHENG、YANJIUSHENG,LUNWENXIEZUODEXUANTIDADUOSHUYUZIYOUXUANTI。BENJIEZHONGDIANTAOLUNDEYESHIZIYOUXUANTI。

                                选题类型

                                  2、选题方法

                                星云棋牌官网下载   SHIJIANZHONG,ZENYANGXUANTI,DAONALIXUANTI,KENENGSHIXUDUODAXUESHENGKUNAODEWENTI。

                                星云棋牌官网下载   YIXIEXUESHENGSUOXUANLUNTIYAOMEDAERKONG、 KONGERFAN,YAOMESHIMEIYOUXUESHUYIYIDECHANGSHIXINGWENTI,HUOZHESHILAODIAOZHONGDANDEJIUHUA。BUNENGQUEQIEDITICHUHEJIEJUEYIDIANXINWENTI,CHENGWEIXUDUODAXUESHENGXUANTIDETONGBING。

                                星云棋牌官网下载   ZUOWEIZIYOUXUANTIDENEIRONG,YIBANCONGLIANGGEJIAODUKAOLV:YISHIYINLING,YAONENGGOUJIEJUESHEHUISHIJIANDEJINPOXUYAO,ZHEIFANYINGLEKEXUEGONGZUOZHEDESHEHUIZERENHELISHISHIMING;ERSHIZONGJIE,CONGXIANYOUDECHENGGUOPAISHENG、WAIYANYUSHENGHUA,CONGERSHIXIANYOULILUNGENGJIAWANSHAN,ZHEIFANYINGLEXUEKEFAZHANDENEIZAIGUILV。

                                  JIYUSHANGSHULIANGGEJIAODU,ZIYOUXUANTIDEFANGFAKEYIYOULIANGZHONGSILUYIQIANZHANSHIYUHUIGUSHI。

                                  QIANZHANSHIXUANTIDEDIYIBU, SHICHEDIJIANSUONIGANXINGQUDELINGYUDEWENXIAN,JINGDUZUIXINQIKANZHONGDEZUI"REMEN”WENZHANG,GAOQINGCHUZHEIGELINGYULIYIJIEJUEHEWEIJIEJUEDEWENTI。RANHOU,ZHENDUIWEIJIEJUEDEWENTISHEJIZIJIDESHIYANHUODIAOCHAFANGAN,ZAISHIYANHEDIAOCHAJICHU_SHANGYOUHUA、TILIAN,XINGCHENGXUANTI。

                                  ZHEISHIYIZHONGJINGDIANDEKEYANFANGSHITANSUOWEIZHI、ZHUIXUNXINZHI、YIZHONGWANGQIANKANDE”QIANZHANSHI”YANJIU,ZHEIXIEXUANTICHANGCHANGSHIZUIJINDEREMENWENZHANGSHANGWEISHEJIDE。

                                星云棋牌官网下载   DANSHI,DUIYIGEKEYANXINSHOUHUOGANGJINRUXINLINGYUDEYANJIURENYUANLAISHUO,YOUYIDINGDEFENGXIAN。YINWEIZAINIWANCHENGSHIYANZHIQIAN,LEISIDECHENGGUOHENKENENGZAOYIBEIYOUGUANRENYUANLVXIANFABIAO。YINWEI,NISUORENSHIDAODEWEIJIEJUEDEWENTI,QITAYANJIUZHEKENENGZAOYIFAXIANBINGZHESHOUYANJIU。YIGEXINSHOUYAOHETAMENJINGZHENG,BIRANCHUYUBULIDEDIWEI。

                                  DUIXINSHOULAISHUO,HUIGUSHIDEXUANTIZETIGONGLEYIGEBIJIAOSHIHEDESILU。HUIGUSHIXUANTIDEDIYIBU,SHIBASUOYOUREMENQIKANDEREMENWENZHANGDOUZANGEYIBIAN,DUJIPIANNISUOXUANDEXUEKELINGYULIZUIJINDEQUANWEIZONGSHU,CONGZHEIXIEZONGSHUZHONGXUANCHUJIGENIGANXINGQUDE、ZAIZHEIGELINGYUYIBEIGONGRENHEJIESHOUDEGAINIANHEJIASHUO。RANHOU,QUTUSHUGUANXUNZHAOZHEIXIEJIASHUOSUOYIJUDEYUANSHIWENXIAN。ZAIZIXIYUEDUZHEIXIEWENXIANHOU,NIJIUKEYIKAISHISHEJIYIGEXINDESHIYANHUODIAOCHA,YONGGUOQUMEIYOUDEXINJISHUHUOFANGFA,ZAIDUJIANCEZHEIGEJIASHUO。DANGRAN,NIBUNENGWANQUANYIZHAOJIUFANGFAQUZHONGFUJIUSHIYAN,YINWEIFUZHIBIERENDESHIYANSHIBUSHOUZHONGSHIDE。

                                星云棋牌官网下载   NIDESHIYANHEDIAOCHAKENENGYOULIANGZHONGJIEGUO:

                                星云棋牌官网下载   QIYI,NIKENENGZHENGSHILEJIUDESHIYANHUODIAOCHAJIEGUOSHIZHENGQUEDE。YINWEINISHIYONGLEXINDESHIYANJISHUHUODIAOCHAFANGFA,WEIYIGEGONGRENDEZHONGYAOJIASHUOTIGONGLEXINDEZHENGJU,DUIZHEIGELINGYUSHIYOUXIANGDANGDEGONGXIANDE,XINGCHENGDELUNWENKEYIFABIAOZAIGAOSHUIPINGDEQIKANSHANG。

                                星云棋牌官网下载   QIER,NIDESHIYANHUODIAOCHAJIEGUOYUJIUDESHIYANDIAOCHAJIEGUOBUFUSHENZHIXIANGFAN,NEINIJIU“ZHONGJIANG”LE。NIDEZHENGJUKEYIDUIMUQIANGONGRENDEJIASHUOTICHUZHIYI,LIUXINGDEGAINIANYUJIASHEXUYAOZHONGXINKAOLV。NIKEYIFABIAO- -PIAN“REMEN”WENZHANG,YILIANCHUANDEXINYANJIUKETIYEJIANGCONGCIDANSHENG。ZAIKEXUESHISHANG,KEXUEDEJINZHANJIUSHIBUDUANDUIMUQIANLIUXINGDEJIASHUOJINXINGXIUZHENGDEGUOCHENG。

                                  WULUNSHI“QIANZHANSHI”HAISHI“HUIGUSHI",ZHIDAIBIAOLEBUTONGDESIKAOFANGXIANGHESIKAOJIAODU,BINGWUGAOXIAZHIFEN。QIANZHANSHIXUANTICONGLEIJIXINDEXINXILAIPOSHIJIASHUOXIUZHENG,HUIGUSHIXUANTIZECONGJIANCEYIZHIXINXIDEKEKAOXINGCHUFAZHIJIEZHICHUJIASHUODEPOZHAN。LIANGZHONGFANGSHICONGJIERANBUTONGDECELVEKAISHI,DANZUIZHONGDOUKENENGSHINIDUIKEXUEZUOCHUGONGXIAN,BINGXIANGSHOUDAOTANSUOYUFAXIANDELEQU。

                                选题方法

                                  CONGXUANTIDESIWEIFANGXIANGKEYIKANCHU,XUANTIDEGUOCHENGJIANDANDIJIANGJIUSHIFAXIANXIANYOUYANJIUZHONGCUNZAIDEWENTIDEGUOCHENG。ZHEIXIEWENTIKEYIGUIJIEWEIYIXIAWULEI:

                                  第一,前人没有研究过的问题。

                                  KEXUEYANJIUJIUSHIYAOKAIPIXINLINGYU,JINXINGKEXUETANSUO。FAXIANQIANRENMEIYOUYANJIUGUODEWENTIBENSHEN,JIUSHIZAIJINXINGTANSUOXINGDEYANJIU。ZHEILEIXUANTIBENSHENJIUJUYOUCHUANGXINXING,RUGUOXIEDEHAO,LUNWENHUIYOUHENGAODEXUESHUJIAZHI。BUGUO,YOUYUSHIQIANRENMEIYOUYANJIUGUODEWENTI,KEGONGJIEJIANDEZILIAOYOUXIAN,YINERZHEILEIXUANTIXIEQILAIYOUYIDINGDENANDU。

                                  XIANSHIZHONG,SUIZHEXUEKEDEFAZHAN,XUEKETIXIYIJIANQUWANSHAN,YAOZHAODAOWANQUANMEIRENYANJIUGUODEWENTISIHUBUTAIXIANSHI,ERCONGXUEKEJIAOCHA、RONGHEZHONGZHAODAOKONGBAIDIAN,ZEXIANGDUIBIJIAORONGYI。JINNIANLAI,JIAOCHAXUEKE、BIANYUANXUEKEYANJIUSHIFENHUOYUE,GAOSHUIPINGDETANSUOXINGLUNWENBUDUANYONGXIAN,ERJINGDIANXUEKEXIANGDUICHENJI,YEFANYINGCHULEZHEIGETEDIAN。

                                  第二,前人虽有研究,但大有发展、探讨、补充余地的问题。

                                  ZHEILEIXUANTISHIDUIQIANRENYANJIUCHENGGUODEFAZHANXINGYANJIU。KEXUEWENHUADEGEGELINGYU、GEGEXUEKEBUKENENGQITOUBINGJIN、TONGBUFAZHAN,YOUDEFAZHANKUAIXIE,YOUDEMANXIE,CONGERXINGCHENGLEKEXUEYANJIUDEMOUXIE“XIANGDUIDUANBAN”HE“KONGBAI”,YOUBIYAOJINXINGTIANBU、CHONGSHI。XUANZEZHEIYANGDEWENTIJINXINGYANJIU,JIFAZHANLEQIANRENDEYANJIU,YETIANBULEGAIXIANGYANJIUDEDUANQUE,TONGYANGJUYOUCHUANGXINXING。

                                星云棋牌官网下载   YOUDEWENTI,SUIYIYOULUNSHU,DANRUONENGSHIYONGXINDECAILIAO,CONGXINDEJIAODUJIAYILUNZHENG,BINGDECHUXINDEJIELUN,YESHIYIPIANGAOZHILIANGDELUNWEN。

                                  第三,前人虽有研究,但有争议、需深入探讨的问题。

                                星云棋牌官网下载   RENLEIRENSHIJUYOUJUXIANXING。YINCI,DUIYUTONGYANGWENTI,YOUYUZHANYOUCAILIAO、YANJIUJIAODUDENGBUTONG,KENENGHUIDECHUBUTONGDEJIELUN。ZHEIXIEBUTONGSHENZHIXIANGFANDEJIELUN,BINGBUDAIBIAOZHENLIDEGUISHU,ERQIAQIACONGKEXUEYANJIUDEJIAODUZHENGMINGLEZHEXUEZHONGGUANYUXIANGDUIZHENLIDEMINGTI,YESHIRENLEIRENSHIFAZHANDEKEGUANXIEZHAO。TAMENFANYINGLEWENTIDEBUTONGFANGMIAN,JIXUSHENRUTANTAO,YOUZHUYUSHENHUADUIZHEIGEWENTIDEQUANMIANRENSHI。ZAIQIANRENYANJIUJICHUSHANG,ZUOZHEKEYISHOUDAOQIFA,CONGERTICHUZIJIDEGUANDIAN,CHANSHENGCHUANGXINXINGCHENGGUO。

                                  第四,前人虽有研究,但需要纠正的问题。

                                  RENLEIRENSHISHIBUDUANFAZHANDE,YIQIANRENWEIZHENGQUEDEGUANDIAN,KENENGSUIZHESHIDAIDEFAZHAN,HUOZHETIAOJIANDEBIANHUA,BEIZHENGMINGSHICUOWUDE。JIUZHENGBUZHENGQUEDEGUANDIAN,SHIRENMENHUODEZHENGQUEDEZHISHI,ZIRANJUYOUKEXUEJIAZHI,BINGTUIDONGKEXUEDEFAZHAN。

                                  第五,实践中的问题。

                                  SHIJIANSHIFENGFUDUOCAIDE,YESHIBUDUANBIANHUAHEFAZHANDE。DALIANGDEXINSICHAO、XINLILUNYONGXIAN,DALIANGDEXINJISHU、XINSHEBEIYINGYONG,BUJINDAILAILERENMENSIXIANGFANGSHIHESHENGHUOFANGSHIDEGAIBIAN,YEHUICHUXIANXINDEWENTIHEMAODUN,YUANYOUDEJIEJUEWENTIDESILUHEFANGFAMIANLINBUSHIYING。ZAISHEHUISHIJIANHUOKEXUESHIYANZHONG,FAXIANWENTI,BINGSHEJIFANGAN、JIEJUEWENTI,TIXIANLEKEXUEYANJIUDESHEHUIYIYI。

                                  WEILEQUEBAOLUNWENXUANTIDEXINYI,YIBANZAIXUANTIQUEDINGQIANYAOJINXING“CHAXIN”,RUBOSHILUNWENYAOQIUKAITIQIANYAOCHUCHAXINBAOGAO,MUDEJIUSHIBIMIANXUANTIZHONGFUHECHENJIU。

                                  TICHUXINDEWENTI,SHILUNWENXIEZUODEZHENZHENGKAISHI,YESHIKEXUEFAZHANBIBUKESHAODEYIGEHUANJIE。ZUOWEIDAXUESHENG,BUYIDINGYAOQIUDOUNENGTICHUXINDEWENTI,DANSHI,ZAIXUANTISHIQIMAYAOJUYOUZHEIYANGDEZIJUEYISHI。

                                星云棋牌官网下载   GENJUXUANTIDETEDIAN,XUANTIDECHANSHENGFANGFAZONGTISHANGKEYIYOULIUZHONG:①JINGYANJILEIFA,CONGSHIJIANZHONGFAXIANWENTI;②WENXIANFENXIFA,TONGGUOFENXITARENYANJIUFAXIANWENTI;③QUSHIFENXIFA,ZAIXUEXIJICHUSHANGFENXILILUNHESHIJIANFAZHANDEFANGXIANGTAISHI;④BIJIAOFA,BIJIAOGUONEIWAIYANJIUTEBIESHIFADAGUOJIADEYANJIUCHENGGUO,ZHAODAOCHABIE;⑤LIANXIANGFA,CONGXUEKEDEJIAOCHALINGYUFAJUEXUANTI;⑥YANZHENGFA,CONGZHUGUANNIXIANGCHUFA,TONGGUOYUEDUZILIAOGENZONGZHUISU,LE JIEYUANXIANNIXIANGSHIFOUJIEJUE,ZUIZHONGQUEDINGXUANTI。

                                星云棋牌官网下载   SUOYOUFANGFAZHONG,YUEDUHEYANJIUXIANYOUWENXIANSHIZUIZHONGYAODENEIRONG。DAXUESHENGZUOWEILUNWENXIEZUODECHUXUEZHE,CONGWENXIANZHONGFAXIANWENTISHIZUIZHUYAODEXUANTITUJING,RUGUOJUEDEWENTIZHONGYAOHEKEXING,JIUKEYIQUEDINGWEILUNWENDEXUANTI。

                                星云棋牌官网下载   CONGXUESHUQIKANZHONGWAJUEHEXUNZHAOXUANTISHIZUICHANGYONGDETUJING。XUESHUYANJIUDEJIBENHUATIZAIJIAOZHANGDESHIQINEIBIANDONGBUDA,HENDUOWENTIZHENGLUNWEIJUE,LIJIUCHANGXIN,RUGUANLIXUEHEJINGJIXUEZHONGDETUDILIUZHUANWENTI、JIAOYUXUEZHONGDEKAOSHIWENTIDENG,CONGXUESHUQIKANWANGSHANGKEYICHAZHAODAOSHANGWANPIANWENXIAN。BUTONGDESHIJIAO、BUTONGDEJIEDU、BUTONGDELUOJI,NENGGOUYUANYUANBUDUANDIXIECHUXINYI。ERQIE,ZAIXUESHUQIKANWANGSHANGTONGGUOGUANJIANCIJIANSUOMOUGEXUANTI,QIYANJIUJINZHANYIMULERAN,WENXIANZHUISUYEHENXITONG。ZHUANZHEDENGQITAWENXIANXIANRANBUJUBEIZHEIYANGDEYOUSHI。YINCI,DINGQIDAOTUSHUGUANFANYUEBENZHUANYEXUESHUQIKAN,JIYOUZHUYUHUOQUXIANGGUANXUESHUXINXI,YEYOUZHUYUBUZHUOXUESHULUNWENDEXUANTI。

                                附件下载:
                                  刘建乔,何汶.大学生论文写作[M]. 湖北:湖北科学技术出版社, 2013. 39-45.
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