星云棋牌官网下载

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                    个人信息的法律特征与权利属性

                    时间:2019-02-13 来源:现代商贸工业 作者:李琨 本文字数:4384字

                      摘    要: 在信息迅速发展的今天,公民个人信息安全不断受到威胁,这是由于我国《个人信息保护法》的缺位和公民个人信息理论不完善所致,致使公民个人信息得不到法律有力的保障,公民个人信息的相关权益受到不同程度的威胁。据此,分别从学理角度对公民个人信息作出界定。

                      关键词:星云棋牌官网下载 个人信息; 人身权; 财产权; 刑法修正案九;

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                      1 、公民个人信息的概念

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                      (3)SHIBIEXING。GAIXUESHUOJIANGGERENXINXIDINGYIWEIJUYOUNENGGOUTONGGUOWENZI、TUPIAN、SHUZIDENGXINGSHISHIBIETEDINGZHUTISHENFENDEXINXI。GAIXUESHUOSHIDANGQIANXUESHUJIEDETONGSHUORENWEINENGGOUDANDUHUOYUQITAXINXIJIEHESHIBIECHUTEDINGRENDEXINXIJIUZUOWEIGERENXINXI。XIANGJIAOQIANLIANGXUESHUOERYAN,“SHIBIEXING”ZAIGERENXINXIRENDINGSHANGFUGAIMIANGENGJIAGUANGFAN,DANZAISIFASHIJIANZHONG,ZHEIYANGDEDINGYIYEXIANDETAIGUOMOHU,ZAIXINXIYUKEJIGAOSUFAZHANDEJINTIAN,SHANGSHUDEGERENXINXIFANCHOUXIANRANBUNENGNANGKUOSUOYOU,YIGEZHIDUHUOMINGCIDEGAINIANSHIFALVDUIQIGUIDINGDEZUIZHIGUANDETIXIAN,SHIBIESHUOQIANGDIAOGERENXINXIDEKEZHIJIESHIBIEYUJIANJIESHIBIE,NEIMEBUKESHIBIEDEXINXIZEBUZUOWEIFALVBAOHUDEFANWEINEI,ZHEIXIANRANSHIQUESHILEFALVBAOHUDEQUANMIANXING。BIZHERENWEISHANGSHUDESANXUESHUODOUCUNZAILOUDONG,DUIYUGONGMINDEGERENXINXIBUNENGDANDUDEJIUMOUYIXUESHUOJINXINGDINGYI,SHOUXIAN,GERENXINXIBUNENGDANDANKAOSHIFOUKESHIBIELAIJIEDING,DUIYUBUKESHIBIEDEXINXIYINGDANGFENXIQISHIFOUQINHAILEXINXIZHUTIDEHEFALIYI,DUIYIJINGZAOCHENGSUNHAIDEJISHIBUKESHIBIEYEYINGXUYAOFANZUIZHUTICHENGDANZEREN。QICI,JUYOUYINSIXINGDEXINXIZUOWEIGERENXINXIDEFANCHOUWUYONGZHIYI,RUOXINXIZHUTIZIXINGJIANGYINSIXINXIGONGZHIYUZHONG,ZEYINGSHIWEIZIDONGFANGQILEYINSIXINXIDEYINSIXINGBAOHU,JISHIDUIQIZAOCHENGLEXIANGGUANFAYIDEQINHAIYEBUNENGDUIQIJINXINGQINHAILEGONGMINGERENXINXIDECHULI。

                      2、 个人信息的法律特征

                      主体的专属性,个人信息的主体是被法律赋予民事主体资格的自然人。信息主体是通过个人信息而被识别出来的特定人。这就意味着信息主体对自己的信息享有专属权,通俗的说特定的个人信息有且只能证明该信息主体的身份。学术界对他人信息进行管理的信息管理者是否属于信息主体是否也同样受到刑法的保护进行了讨论,笔者认为主体的专属性便是用来解决此类问题,首先,信息管理者是出于工作原因对信息进行保有并且在经过信息主体的同意后,信息管理者才可以管理、处理、利用他人的信息,但实际管理者不对这些保有的信息存在所有权,也不会存在因个人信息产生的人格利益发生转移,我国《刑法》第253条侵犯公民个人信息罪第二款充分运用了个人信息的专属性,强调管理者在信息主体不知情的情况,以盈利或其他原因将公民个人信息提供给他人的是违法行为,应当受到刑法制裁。因此笔者认为信息的管理者不在个人信息被保护的问题中作为信息主体出现,此时的管理者对信息的权力状态应是管理而非拥有,专属性也就无从谈起。
                     

                    个人信息的法律特征与权利属性
                     

                      RENGEXINGHECAICHANXING,CHIGAISHUODEXUEZHEGENJU《MINFA》GUIDINGRENWEI:GERENZHUTIYONGYOUWEICHIZISHENRENGELIYISUOBIBEIDESHENGMINGJIANKANG、RENGEZUNYAN、RENSHENZIYOU、GERENYINSI、GERENXINXIDENGRENGEQUANLI。RENGELIYIZUOWEIRENGEQUANDEKETI,ZHEILIKEYIBAGERENXINXIANQUANZUOWEIZIRANRENRENGEQUANDEYANSHEN,GERENXINXIANQUANSHIRENGEQUANDECHANWUSHIYIZHONGDULIDERENGEQUANLI,YINCIBAOHUGERENXINXIJIUSHIBAOHUXINXIZHUTIDERENGELIYI。GERENXINXIZAIDANGJINSHEHUIDEXUQIUZHUJIANYANBIANCHENGYIZHONGSHEHUIZIYUAN,DUIGERENXINXIDEZHANYOU、CHUFEN、SHOUYIKEYICHANSHENGYIDINGDEJINGJILIYI,ZHENGSHIYINWEIGERENXINXICUNZAIRUCIDADELIYIYOUHUO,YIXIEBUFAFENZIWEILEHUODELIYICHUSHOUTARENGERENXINXI,YINCIGERENXINXIZAIJUYOURENGEQUANDETONGSHIXUJUYOUYIDINGDECAICHANXING。

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                      3、 公民个人信息的权利属性

                      DANGJINXUEJIEZAIGERENXINXIDEQUANLISHUXINGSHANGCUNZAIZHENGYI:YIWANGLIMINGJIAOSHOUWEIDAIBIAODEXUEZHERENWEIGERENXINXISHUYURENGEQUAN,YIFANGMIANGERENXINXIZAIYIDINGCHENGDUJUYOUKESHIBIEXINGSHIYIFUYURENGETEZHENGCUNZAIDE,GERENXINXIDOUKEYIZHIJIEHUOJIANJIEDEBIAOMINGGERENSHENFEN;LINGYIFANGMIANGAIXUESHUORENWEISHOUJIHUOCAINAGONGMINGERENXINXIDEXIANGGUANZUZHIBUYIDINGWANQUANCHUYUCAICHANXINGDEMUDE,GENGDUODEZESHICHUYUGONGYIJIBAOHUGONGGONGQUANYIDEDENGJISHISHOUJI,BUNENGJIANGGERENXINXIZUOWEICAICHANQUANYIPIANGAIQUAN。GERENXINXICHONGFENDETIXIANRENGEXING,ZAIDUIGONGMINDEGERENXINXIJINXINGBAOHU,SHIJISHIQIANGDIAOGONGMINDUIYUGERENXINXIDEZHIPEIHEKONGZHI,QUANLIRENDUIYUTARENDEXINXICAIJIGONGZUOXUYAORENKE,ZHEIJIUTIXIANLEGONGMINDUIYUGERENXINXIDEKONGZHI。GERENXINXIZUOWEIRENGEQUANTIXIANZAIYIXIAFANGMIAN:SHOUXIAN,GERENXINXIZUOWEIRENGELIYIDEDUIXIANG,CHONGFENTIXIANLERENGEQUANDETEZHENG,FALVBAOHUGONGMINDEGERENXINXISHIJISHANGSHIBAOHUGONGMINDUIYUXINXIDEKONGZHIQUAN,JIDUIYUYINSIXINXI,ZAIJINGGUOBENRENSHOUQUANDEQINGKUANGXIA,KEYIDUIGAIXINXIJINXINGGONGKAIYULIYONG,DANWEIJINGBENRENSHOUQUAN,SIZIJIANGTARENXINXIYONGYUHUOLIHUOQITAYONGTUDEZERENDINGWEIQINHAILETARENDERENGELIYI,DUIYUGAIXINXIYINGDANGSHOUDAOFALVDEBAOHU;QICI,ZUOWEIGERENXINXIDEXIAOXIANG、XINGMING、XINGBIE、TONGXUNDIZHI、DIANHUAHAOMADENGDOUZUOWEIRENGEQUANBAOHUDEFANWEINEI,YINCIGERENXINXIYINGDANGZUOWEIRENGEQUAN。LINGYIFANGMIANJIANGGERENXINXIRENDINGWEICAICHANQUANZAISUNHAIPEICHANGSHIZEHUIYINGERENSHENFENBUTONGYOUSUOCHAYI,BULIYUWEIHURENGEZUNYANHERENGEPINGDENG。

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                      4、 结语

                      WOGUOXINGFADUIYUGONGMINGERENXINXIDEBAOHUZHENGZAIZHUBUWANSHAN,DANJIYUWOGUOGERENXINXIBAOHUDEQIDIANDI、QIBUWANDENGKEGUANYUANYINDAOZHIGERENXINXIBUNENGWANQUANBEIBAOHU,《XINGJIU》DUIYUXIANGGUANFATIAODEXIUGAIWUYIDUISIFASHIJIANZHONGDIANDINGLEJICHUTONGSHIZAIGENGDACHENGDUDEDAJILESHIJIANZHONGCHUXIANDEQINHAIGERENXINXIDEFANZUI,QIDAOLEZHENSHEZUOYONG。DANJIANYUWOGUO《GERENXINXIBAOHUFA》HAICHUYUQUEWEIZHUANGTAI,WOGUOFALVDEGERENXINXIBAOHUHAIYOUHENZHANGYIDUANLUYAOZOU,ZHENGSHIZHEIYIFALVDEQUESHICAIDAOZHIXIANJIEDUANDUIYU“GONGMINGERENXINXI”DEJIEDINGGESHUOFENYUN,ZHENGSHIQUESHAOZHEIYANGMINGQUEDEGUIDING,ZAISIFASHIJIANZHONGSIFAJIGUANBUZHIYINGRUHESHIYONGFALV,WEIPANANDAILAILEBUXIAODENANTI。BENWENZAITANJIUXINGFAZHONGDUIYUGERENXINXIRENDINGDETONGSHIHAIJIEJIANLEMINFAZHONGDUIYUQUANLISHUXINGDERENDINGNEIRONG,CONGXUELISHANGDUIYUGONGMINGERENXINXIZHEIYIGAINIANJINXINGJIEDINGWULUNDUISIFASHIJIANHAISHIXUESHUYANJIUDOUJIANGJUYOUZHONGYAOZUOYONG。

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                      李琨.“公民个人信息”的法律界定分析[J].现代商贸工业,2020,41(04):124-125.
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