星云棋牌官网下载

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            学术堂专业论文学习平台您当前的位置:学术堂 > 法学论文 > 法律论文 > 行政法论文

            党政合署改革对行政法的影响及其对策

            时间:2018-11-28 来源:社科纵横 作者:王婵,路康铎,王荣惠 本文字数:9537字

              摘    要: 星云棋牌官网下载党政机构合署是目前我国机构改革的最新方向,也是目前整合完善政府工作部门职能,优化部门的组织构架和设计,明确部门职能权限新的方式。但是在十九大报告提出党政机构合署办公以来,我国党政合署的探索道路还是一个比较漫长的过程,党政合署办公的机构改革还面临着许多的问题。当前关于党政合署改革的讨论在学术界的研究还相对匮乏,在法学领域甚至是行政法领域的研究更为稀少。因此,处理好机构改革与法律完善之间的关系就显得尤为重要,通过法律的完善为机构改革保驾护航,做到重大改革于法有据,用法律来保障改革成果。以行政法的眼光来正确对待党政合署机构改革的问题,协调处理机构之间的关系。

              关键词: 党政合署; 行政组织体系; 行政法改革; 政党关系;

              一、党政机构合署概述

              DANGZHENGJIGOUHESHUSHUYUJIGOUGAIGEFANGSHIDEYIZHONG,TONGGUODUIXIANYOUJIGOUZUZHIZHONGDEXIANGGUANZHINENGPEIZHIRENYUANBIANZHIGUANLITIZHIJINXINGZHENGHEYUBIANGE,SHIZHENGHEHOUDEJIGOUZUZHIZAICHENGXUHEYUNZUOSHANGGENGJIAXIAOLVGENGJIABIANJIE1,SHIJIUDABAOGAOTICHU,ZAISHENGSHIXIANDUIZHINENGXIANGJINDEDANGZHENGJIGUANTANSUOHEBINGSHELIHUOHESHUBANGONG,TONGGUODANGZHENGJIGUANLIANDONGJIANGZHINENGXIANGTONGHUOXIANGJINDEDANGZHENGJIGOUJINXINGHEBING,ZUIDAXIANDUBIMIANZHENGFUZHINENGJIAOCHA、TUIWEICHEPI、ZHENGCHUDUOMEN、DUOTOUGUANLI,YICITIGAOXINGZHENGXIAOLV,JIANGDIXINGZHENGCHENGBEN。

              DANGZHENGHESHUDEWENTIZAOZAI2008NIANJIUCENGTICHU,ZI2008NIANYILAI,WOGUOZAIJINXINGXINGZHENGJIGOUGAIGEYUDANGDEBUMENGAIGEZHUYAOSHITUIXINGDABUZHIGAIGE,JIUSHIZAIXINGZHENGJIGUANZHONGJIANGNEIXIEZHINENGXIANGJINDEBUMENJINXINGZHENGHE,XIANGDUIJIZHONGXINGSHIXINGZHENGZHIQUAN。DABUZHIDEGAIGEFANGSHIWEITONGCHOUDANGZHENGJIGOUJIANSHETIGONGLEYIZHONGTUJING,ZHEIZHONGFANGSHIZAIDANGSHIHENDACHENGDUSHANGJIEJUELEXINGZHENGGUOCHENGZHONGDEHENDUOWENTI,DANTONGSHIDABUZHIGAIGECUNZAIHENDUOBUZU,DANGZHENGHESHUXUYAOZAIYIGEGENGJIAWANSHANGENGJIACHENGSHUDETIXIZHONGBUDUANGAIGE。

              (一)党政合署的主体与改革方向

              1. 合署改革的主体

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              在2017年初中共中央发布了《中国共产党工作机关条例》(试行),该条例主要就是围绕着“党的工作机关”和“国家机关”之间的关系以及工作进行指导,根据该条例,党的工作机关主要包括办公厅(室)、职能部门、办事机构和派出机关。政府各工作部门也可以分为办公厅(室)、职能部门、办事机构和派出机关。双方的工作部门虽然名称相同,都有各自的辅助机关与派出机构,但是担任的职能在一定程度上是不同的,因此万万不可仅仅因为机构主体的名称相同而笼统地合并办公。
             

            党政合署改革对行政法的影响及其对策
             

              2. 党政合署的范围

              DANGZHENGJIGUANHESHUBANGONG2BIXUYAODUIJIGOUFANWEIJINXINGJIEDING,RUGUOQUESHAOKEXUE、HELI、HEFAHEKESHIXINGDEFANWEIBIAOZHUN,JIANGDAOZHIZAISHIJIANGUOCHENGZHONGDUICIZHONGJIGOUXINGTAIRENYISHEZHI,BUJINDABUDAODANGZHENGHESHUGAIGEDECHUZHONG,HAIHUIYINGXIANGQUANLIDEZHENGCHANGYUNZUO,YINGXIANGXINGZHENGTIZHIDEZHENGCHANGFAZHAN,SHENZHIHUIYINGXIANGDANGZHENGGUANXIZHIJIANDEFAZHAN。DANGZHENGHESHUDEFANWEIBIAOZHUNDEQUELISHIDANGZHENGHESHUBANGONGGUIFANHUADEBIJINGZHILU,QIJUTIBIAOZHUNDEXINGCHENGYUSHIZHEDANGZHENGJIGUANHESHUDEGUIFANHUA,SHIDANGZHENGHESHUGONGZUODEZUIZHUYAOKAIDUAN,YOUZHUYUDANGZHENGHESHUGONGZUODEJINYIBUWANSHANYUFAZHAN。

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              3. 党政合署最终组织形式

              SUIRANMUQIANJIUDANGZHENGHESHUDEFANGXIANGWENTIHAIBUGOUQINGXI,DANSHIGENJUSHIJIUDABAOGAOZHONGSUOZHICHUDEGAIGEFANGXIANG,DANGZHENGJIGOUDEHESHUGAIGEZHUYAOFENWEIHESHUBANGONGHEHEBINGSHELILIANGZHONGFANGFA。HESHUBANGONGSHIZHIZAIBUGAIBIANYUANYOUJIGOUMINGCHENGYUZHINENGDEJICHUSHANGJIANGLIANGGEHUODUOGEZHINENGXIANGSIDEJIGOUHEBINGCHENGYIGEXIANGLIANXIDEBUMEN,DANSHIHESHUBANGONGBINGBUDAIBIAOZHEYIGEJIGOUDUOKUAIPAIZI,HESHUGAIGEBIAOMINGLIANGGEJIGOUYIJINGZUCHENGLENEIBUXIANGDUITONGYIDEYOUJIZHENGTI,DUIYUNEIBUJIGOUDEHUAFENBUSHIYINEIBUBUMENDEMINGCHENGLAIHUAFENDE,ERSHIYIGEGEBUMENGEZIDEZHINENGJINXINGHUAFENDE。ERHEBINGSHELIZESHIZHIJIANGLIANGGEYISHANGZHINENGXIANGSIDEBUMENHEBINGCHENGYIGEBUMEN。GAIGEHEBINGZHIHOUDEZHENGDANGJIGOU,BUJINYAOTUXIANDUIQIDELINGDAO,HAIYAOBAOZHENGZAIXINGZHENGGUOCHENGZHONGBAOZHANGXINGZHENGXINGWEIDEHEFAXINGSHOUQUAN。

              (二)党政合署遵循的基本原则

              DANGZHENGHESHUZUNXUNDEYUANZE[3]ZHUYAOSHIZAIDANGZHENGHESHUGAIGEGUOCHENGZHONGDUIYURUHECHULIHAODANGZHENGGUANXI,ZHENDUIGAIGEGUOCHENGZHONGWENTIDECHULISUOYINGDANGZUNXUNDEJIBENYUANZE。ZAIYIDINGQINGKUANGXIAZHENDUIDANGZHENGHESHUJIGOUGAIGEDELIFAYEYINGDANGZUNXUNDEYUANZE。

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              (三)党政合署发展前景

              ZAIXINDELISHITIAOJIANXIA,WOMENDANGYAOGENGHAOJINXINGJUYOUXUDUOXINDELISHITEDIANDEWEIDADOUZHENG、TUIJINDANGDEJIANSHEXINDEWEIDAGONGCHENG、TUIJINZHONGGUOTESESHEHUIZHUYIWEIDASHIYE,BIXUJINYIBUJIAQIANGHEGUIFANDANGDEGONGZUOJIGUANGONGZUO。SHIXINGDANGZHENGHESHUSHIZENGQIANGDANGDUIXINGZHENGGONGZUODELINGDAO,JIAQIANGXINGZHENGGONGZUODEWENDINGXINGYUQUANWEIXINGDEZHONGYAOBAOZHENG,DUIYUHANGSHIWOGUOXINGZHENGZUZHIJICHU,TUIJINWOGUOZHILITIXIHEZHILINENGLIXIANDAIHUA,TIGAOWOGUOXINGZHENGSHUIPINGJUYOUZHONGDADEYIYI。

              DANGZHENGHESHUGONGZUOSHEJIDAOZHENGDANGZHIDUYUGUOJIAJIGUANZHIDUDENGBUTONGZHONGLEIDEZHIDUFANGSHI,QIZHONGGUOJIAJIGUANJIGOUZHIDUSHIGAIGEYIKAODESHOUYAONEIRONG,JIGOUGAIGEBIRANSHEJIDAOXIANFAZHIDUDEGAIGE,WULUNSHI2018NIANDEXIUXIANHAISHIXIANGGUANBAOGAODETICHU,DOUZAIBUTINGDIDUIDANGZHENGHESHUGAIGEJINXINGTANSUO,BUDUANDIZAIXUNZHAOCHULIDANGZHENGGUANXIDEKEXUELUJING,DANGZHENGJIGOUHESHUPOQIEXUYAOJUTIERYOUKEXUEDEFANGFAYULILUNJINXINGZHIDAO,ERLILUNYUFANGFADOUSHIZAISHIJIANGUOCHENGZHONGBUDUANTANSUOCHULAIDE,WEICIDANGZHENGJIGOUZHENGHETICHULILUNZHIDAO,TUIDONGXITONGHUADEZHIDUTIXIYOUWEIZHONGYAO。

              二、当下党政合署体制重构的必要性

              (一)党政合署是当前行政机构改革的必然要求

              SHOUXIAN,DANGQIANWOGUODEDANGZHENGJIGOUGAIGEYUWOGUODEDANGZHENGTIZHIMIQIEXIANGGUAN,JIHUMEIYOUDANGZHENGJIGOUHESHUDEANLIKEYIJINXINGJIEJIAN,DANJIUDANGQIANWOGUODANGZHENGJIGOUDEJUTIXINGSHI,JINXINGDANGZHENGJIGOUHESHUGAIGESHIJUYOUKEXINGXINGDE,YIFANGMIANZAIYUWOGUOXIANJIEDUANDEXINGZHENGTIZHI,DANGDEQUANLITIXIDUIYUXIANFAQUANLITIXISHIJUYOUZHUDAOXINGDE,LINGYIFANGMIANZAIDANGDEJIGOUYUXINGZHENGJIGOUDEGUANXISHANGCUNZAIZHEZHINENGXIANGSIHUOZHEXIANGJINDEBUMENWEIJIGOUDEZHENGHETIGONGLEKENENG。

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              (二)党政合署是解决当前社会矛盾的重要因素

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              三、党政合署改革对于当前行政法的影响

              (一)党政合署对于行政法改革的必要性

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              2.XINGZHENGFAZAISHIZHISHANGSHIKONGZHIYUGUIFANXINGZHENGQUANDEFA,DANGZHENGHESHUGAIGEDEMUDEYEZAIYUJIAQIANGDUIYUXINGZHENGQUANLIDEKONGZHICONGERBAOHUHAOGONGMINQUANLI,YINCIDANGZHENGHESHUGAIGEHUIDUIXINGZHENGFADEFAZHANYUWANSHANJUYOUCUJINZUOYONG,YIFANGMIANTONGGUOLIFAGUIFANDANGZHENGHESHUGAIGEDENEIRONGYUFANGSHI,LINGYIFANGMIANTONGGUOLIFAYEZAIZHUBUSHIXIANXINGZHENGFAKONGZHIYUGUIFANXINGZHENGQUANDEMUBIAO,YIGAIGETUIDONGLIFADEFAZHANYUJINBU。

              3.XINGZHENGFADENEIRONGSHIDIAOZHENGXINGZHENGGUANXIDEFA,DANGZHENGHESHUGAIGESHIBIHUICHANSHENGXINDELEIXINGDEXINGZHENGGUANXI,XINDEXINGZHENGGUANXIDECHANSHENGYEBIRANYAOQIUXINDEXINGZHENGLIFAJIAYIDIAOJIE,YINCIDANGZHENGHESHUGAIGEBUJINJINSHIYAOQIUZAIXINGZHENGJIGUANLINGYUJIAQIANGLIFA,TONGYANGZHONGYAODESHIYAOZAIDANGZHENGHESHUHOUSUOCHANSHENGDEXINDEXINGZHENGGUANXIJINXINGDIAOJIEERJINXINGDELIFA,LIFADEMUDEBUJINJINZAIYUWEIXIANYOUDEGAIGEFANGANPUPINGDAOLU,TONGYANGZHONGYAODESHIYAOTONGGUOLIFAJIANGXIANYOUDEWENTIYIJIWEILAIJIANGHUICHANSHENGDEWENTIYIJIYUZHIXIANGGUANDEWENTIJINXINGDIAOJIE,TONGGUOLIFAZHEDEGAOZHANYUANZHUYONGFALVDEWENDINGXINGLAIJIEJUESHEHUISHENGHUOLINGHUODUOBIANDEWENTI,ZHIYOUZHEIYANGCAIHUIZHIDINGCHUHAODEWENDINGDEFALV。

              (二)当前行政法面临的挑战

              DANGZHENGHESHUZHIYUXINGZHENGFADETIAOZHANZHUYAOJIZHONGYUDUIYUXINGZHENGZUZHIFADETIAOZHAN,XINGZHENGZUZHIFAZHUYAOGUIDINGLEXINGZHENGJIGUANDEXINGZHIHEFALVDIWEI;ZUCHENGJIGOU;ZHIQUAN;XINGZHENGJIGUANDESHELI、BIANGENGHECHEXIAO;HUODONGDEYUANZEHEZHIDU。DANGZHENGHESHUGAIGESUOSHEJIDEZHENGSHIDUIYUXINGZHENGZUZHIJIGOUDEZHONGDABIANGE,DANGZHENGHESHUGAIGEBIRANHUIDAOZHIXINGZHENGZUZHIFADEZHONGDABIANGE。

              1. 对行政组织体系的挑战

              DANGZHENGHESHUDEGAIGEZHUYAONEIRONGBIANSHIJIANGZAINEIRONGHUOXINGZHISHANGXINGTONGHUOXIANGJINDEDANGDEGONGZUOJIGOUYUXINGZHENGJIGOUJINXINGHEBINGZHENGHE,SUIRANZHISHISHUOMINGLEZHENGHEDEGAIGEMUDE,DANSHIQUEBINGWEISHUOMINGZAIDANGZHENGHESHUZHIHOUDUIYUSUOCHENGLIDEGONGZUOBUMENSHISHUYUXINGZHENGJIGUANTIXIHAISHISHUYUDANGDEJIGUANTIXI,YOUHUOZHESHIZAIHESHUBANGONGZHIHOUDANGYUZHENGFUGEYOUZIJIDEYITAOGUANLITIXI,ZAIGEZIDEGUANLITIXIZHONGDUIHESHUBUMENJINXINGGUANLIYUKONGZHI。

              JIUMUQIANDEXINGSHILAIKANDANGZHENGHESHUBANGONGZHIHOUJIUQIGUANLITIXIJINXINGDANGZHENGFENBIEGUANLI,ZHEIYANGDEGAIGEFANGFADABUDAODANGZHENGHESHUGAIGESUOQUEDINGDEMUDE,FANERHUIJIAZHONGDANGYUZHENGFUDEGONGZUOFUDAN,GENGJIABULIYUXINGZHENGXIAOLVDETISHENG。YINCIDANGQIANDEHESHUBANGONGDEZHUYAOXINGSHIBIANSHIJIANGHESHUBANGONGDEZUIZHONGBUMENNARUDAOXINGZHENGGUANLITIXIDANGZHONGQU,YINWEIDANGDEGONGZUOBUMENZAIGAIGEZHIQIANSHUYUDANGDEGONGZUOTIXI,ERXINGZHENGFADUIQIBINGMEIYOUYUESHUXING,YINCIJIANGDANGDEGONGZUOBUMENRONGRUXINGZHENGTIXIDANGZHONGHUIDUIXINGZHENGFACHANSHENGBUXIAODECHONGJI,SHENZHIHUISHIQIYINGLAIGENBENXINGDEBIANDONG。

              2. 党内法规对行政法内容的挑战

              ZAIXIANZHITIXIZHONG,GUOJIAFALVDEZHONGYAOXINGBUYANERYU,DANZAIQUANLISHUANGGUIZHIXIA,DANGNEIFAGUIDEDIWEIGENGBURONGXIAOQU。DANCHUNCONGXINGZHISHANGKAN,DANGNEIFAGUIJINJINSHIYIZHONGTUANTIZUZHIDENEIBUGUIDING,TABUSHIGUOJIAFALV,BUKAOGUOJIAQIANGZHILIZUOWEISHISHIDEBAOZHENG。DANGNEIFAGUIDUIDANGYUANDEYUESHULITONGGUODANGYUANDEZIJUEZUNSHOUYUDANGJIDEYANGEZHIXINGLAISHIXIAN,DANGJIBUJUYOUQIANGZHILI,QUEKEYIYINGXIANGDANGYUANDEZHENGZHISHENGMINGYUFAZHANQIANTU。YINCI,XIANGDUIYUGUOJIAFALVZHEIZHONGJUYOUQIANGZHILIDEYINGFAERYAN,XUEJIEPUBIANRENWEIDANGNEIFAGUISHIYIZHONGRUANFA[5]。BUGUO,ZHONGGONGZHANGQIZHIZHENGDETESHUDIWEIFUYUDANGNEIFAGUIGENGQIANGYOULIDEYINGXIANGLI。YINWEIWOGUOGUOJIAJIGUANDELINGDAOGANBUDABUFENSHIZHONGGONGDANGYUAN,SUOYIDANGNEIFAGUIDUIDANGNEIGUANXIDEDIAOZHENG,BIRANSHEJIDUIGUOJIASHIWUDEZHILI,JINERDUIGUOJIAFALVJIQIGOUJIANDEXIANZHIXITONGCHANSHENGJUDAYINGXIANG。

            星云棋牌官网下载   XINGZHENGGUIZESHIZHIXINGZHENGJIGUANWEIGUIFANNEIBUYUNZUOZHIXU,ZAIXINGZHENGJIGUANNEIBUFABUDECHOUXIANGXINGGUIDING,ZHEIZHONGGUIDINGDEXIAOLIFANWEIJUXIANYUXINGZHENGJIGUANNEIBUJIGOUJIQIGONGZUORENYUAN,BINGBUDUIWAIFASHENGFALVXIAOLI。ERXINGZHENGGUIZEDEWAIBUHUA,SHIZHIZHEIZHONGNEIBUGUIZEDEFALVXIAOGUOKUODAHUA,JIANJIEYINGXIANGWAIBUDEXINGZHENGXIANGDUIRENDEXIANXIANG[6]。DANGNEIFAGUIWAIBUHUAYUZHIXIANGSI,ZHIBUGUOSHOUDAOWAIBUHUAYINGXIANGDEBUSHIXINGZHENGXIANGDUIREN,ERZHUYAOSHIZHIZHENGDANGSUOKONGZHIDEGUOJIAJIGUANJIQIYUNXINGTIZHI。

              DANGZHENGHESHUYIWEIZHEBUJINJINSHIDANGYUXINGZHENGJIGUANDEJIGOUDEZHENGHE,GENGJIAYIWEIZHESUODAIBIAOZHEDEBEIHOUDETIZHIGUIDINGDERONGHE,YINCIDANGZHENGHESHUDEXINGZHENGFADEWANSHANYINGDANGJIEJIANDANGNEIFAGUIDUIYUXIANGGUANBUMENDEGUIDING,DANGNEIFAGUIZHIYUDANGDEGONGZUOBUMENJIUHAOBIXINGZHENGZUZHIFAZHIYUZHENGFUGONGZUOJIGOU,YAOZHENDUIBUTONGDEBUMENSUODUIYINGDEDANGNEIFAGUIJIGONGZUOZHANGCHENGJINXINGJIEJIAN,CONGERSHIXIANDANGZHENGGONGZUOBUMENGENGHAODERONGHE,BIMIANCHUXIANYINFALVFAGUIGUIDINGDECHONGTUYIJIBIANDONGDEBUHELIZAOCHENGDANGZHENGHESHUMAOHESHENLIXINGZHIDEGAIGE。

              四、探索党政合署体制下行政法的改革方式与发展方向

              HESHUGAIGEDEMUDEYIFANGMIANZAIYUTIGAOXINGZHENGXIAOLV,LINGYIFANGMIANYESHISHIXINGYIFAZHIGUODEZHONGYAOTIXIAN。DANGDEGONGZUOBUMENBINGBUSHOUXINGZHENGFADEZHIYUE,ZHEIDUIYUCHANGDAOYIFAZHIGUODESHEHUISHICUNZAIFALVLOUDONGDE,SHIXINGDANGZHENGHESHUJIUSHIYAOBAXINGZHENGQUANLIJIZHONGQILAIJINXINGFALVDETONGYIGUANXIA,JIANGQUANLINARUFALVDETIZHINEI,BAOZHENGGUOJIAQUANLIZAIFALVDEJIANDUXIAXINGSHI。DANGZHENGHESHUJIANGZHINENGXIANGJINDEGONGZUOBUMENJINXINGZHENGHENARUTONGYIDEXINGZHENGGUIFANTIXIDANGZHONGERBUSHITONGYIDEDANGDEGONGZUOTIXIDANGZHONG,TONGSHIXINGZHENGTIXISHOUDAOXINGZHENGFADEZHIYUE,YOUCIZAIZHENGHEQUANLIDETONGSHIYEJIAQIANGLEDUIQUANLIDEFALVZHIYUE,ZHEISHIDANGZHENGHESHUGAIGEZHONGDEZHONGYAOYIHUAN,QUESHAOFALVDEZHIYUEYUBAOHU,SUOYOUDEGAIGEDOUJIANGZAISHEHUIZHONGXIANDECANGBAIWULI。

              (一)立法在改革中起先导性作用

              DANGZHENGHESHUDEZUZHIJIANSHE,YAOTONGSHIZUNSHOUFALVGUIFANHEDANGNEIGUIFAN,WULUNSHIDANGZHENGJIGUANDEHEBINGSHELIHAISHIDANGZHENGJIGOUDEHESHUBANGONG,DOUTIXIANCHUGUIFANXINGWENJIANDEZHONGYAOXING,YETIXIANCHUDANGZHENGJIGOUDEERZHONGXING,ZAIGAIGEDEGUOCHENGZHONGYEBIRANHUICHUXIANSHIYONGFALVGUIFANYUSHIYONGDANGNEIGUIFANZHIJIANDECHONGTU。ZAIYINGDUIGUIFANZHIJIANDECHONGTUGUOCHENGZHONG,YISHIYAOQUEDINGGUIFANXINGTIAOKUANZHIJIANDEXIAOLIYUDENGJIZHIJIANDECHAYI,ERSHIJIANLIHAOCHONGTUGUIFANTIAOKUANDEBEIANSHENCHACHENGXU,JINZUIDADEKENENGHUANJIEDANGNEIGUIFANYUFALVGUIFANZHIJIANDECHONGTU,JIAQIANGERZHEZHIJIANDEXIANJIE。DANGZHENGJIGOUHESHUGAIGESHIZAIDANGDELINGDAOXIAZAIXIANFAFALVFANWEINEIDEGAIGE,ZAIGAIGEDEGUOCHENGZHONGYAOSHIZHONGYUNYONGFAZHISIWEIYUFAZHIDEFANGFA,QIESHIGUANCHE“HEFAXINGSHIQUANMIANSHENHUAGAIGEDETUIJINYUANDIANHEJICHU”ZHEIYISIXIANGYUANZE。

              ZHONGDAGAIGEYUFAYOUJUBINGBUYIWEIZHEGUSHOUWOGUOXIANJIEDUANDEFALVBUBIAN,ERSHIZAIXIANYOUFALVTIZHIKUANGJIAXIAJINXINGZHENGDANGJIGOUHESHUGAIGE,ZHENZHENGYAOZUODAODESHIZAIGAIGEGUOCHENGZHONGBAOCHIFALVXIANXING,TONGGUOFALVLAIBAOZHENGGEXIANGGAIGECUOSHIDESHUNLIJINXING,TONGGUOLIFA、FALVJIESHIYIJICHONGTUDIAOJIEJIZHILAITIANBUDANGQIANGAIGEFALVKONGBAI,LINGWAIYINGDANGJIANGXINGZHIYOUXIAODEHESHUJIGOUGAIGEDEJUTIFANGFAYUCHENGGUOJINKUAISHANGSHENGWEIFALV,JIAQIANGFALVDUIDANGQIANGAIGEJINDUDETUIDONGLIHEDUIDANGQIANGAIGECHENGGUODEGONGGU。

              DANGZHENGHESHUGAIGELIBUKAIFALVDECHUANGXINYUWANSHAN,TONGSHIFALVDEFAZHANYUBIANGELIBUKAISHIJIANDEBUDUANFAZHAN,ERZHESHIXIANGHUCUJIN、XIANGFUXIANGCHENGDE,LUOSHIQUEDINGHAOGAIGEYULIFAZHIJIANDEGUANXI,TONGSHIYEYAOBAOZHENGLIFADEWENDINGXINGBUNENGCHAOLINGXIGAIERDAOZHIGAIGEDEHUNLUAN,TONGSHIYERONGYIDAOZHIZHENGFUJIGUANGONGXINLIDEXIAJIANG。

              (二)健全合署办公的行政监督与制约机制

              DANGZHENGHESHUGAIGESHIBIQIANCHEDAODUIQIJIANDUJIZHIDEGAIBIAN,YINWEIDANGZHENGJIGUANGEYOUGEZIDEYITAOXITONG4,SUIRANZAIYIXIETIZHISHANGQIGONGZUOZHINENGYOUYIDINGDEZHONGHEHUOXIANGSISHIERZHEKEYIJINXINGHESHUBANGONGDEGAIGE,DANSHIDUIERZHEDEJIANDUDELIDUQUEZHINENGZENGJIABUNENGJIANSHAO,SUIRANJIANGLIANGGEBUMENHEBINGWEIYIGEBUMENTIGAOLEGUANLIYUXINGZHENGDEXIAOLV,DANSHIBUMENHEBINGDAILAIDEQUANLIDEJIZHONGZEYOUKENENGDAOZHIQUANLIDELANYONGHEBUMENDEFUBAI,YINCIJIAQIANGDUIDANGZHENGHESHUGAIGEHOUDEQUANLIJIANDUXIANDEYOUWEIZHONGYAO。

              DUIYUDANGZHENGHESHUBANGONGDEJIANDUSHOUXIANYINGDANGJIANLIQIYITAOXINGZHENGFALVJIANDUJIZHI。JIAQIANGDUIHESHUBANGONGHOUDEQUANLIJIANDU,YINGDANGZHENDUIHESHUJIGUANDEBUTONGSHUXINGGEZIQUEDINGJUTIDEFALVJIANDUFANGAN,YIFANGMIANYAOJIAQIANGXINGZHENGDUIWUZISHENDELIANJIEXINGJIANSHE,JIAQIANGJIGUANNEIBUDETUANJIEXING,ZUODAOSIXIANGXIAOLVXIANGJIEHE,LINGYIFANGMIANYAOZHUYIZAIHESHUBANGONGHOUDEJIGUANZHONGJIAQIANGDUIQUANLIFENPEIDEGUANLI,JIYAOBIMIANQUANLIGUOYUJIZHONGDAOZHIFUBAI,YOUYAOBIMIANQUANLIGUOYUFENSANDAOZHIBANGONGLIUCHENGDEFUZAHUA,YEBULIYUDUIQUANLIJINXINGJIANDU。

              LINGWAIHAIYAOZHENDUIDANGZHENGHESHUJIGOUDEKAOHEHEJIANGCHENGZHIDUDEJIANLIYUWANSHANJINXINGZHONGDIANGUIHUA,KAOHEJIZHIYOUZHUYUJIAQIANGGONGZUORENYUANDEZERENGAN,JIANGCHENGZHIDUYOUZHUYUJILIGONGZUORENYUANDERONGYUGANYUGUISHUGAN,TONGSHIJIAQIANGNEIBUGONGZUODEJIANDU,CONGNEIERWAIDIJIANLIQIDANGZHENGHESHUJIGOUDEZHIYUEJIANDUJIZHI。

              (三)推动法律的实际推行与运用

              TANSUODANGZHENGHESHUJIGOUGAIGE,XUYAOCHONGFENDILIYONGDIFANGYOUSHI,FAHUIDIFANGDEJIJIXINGYUSHOUCHUANGXING[7](P275)。SHIXIANFALVBIANGEYUSHIJIXIANGLIANXI,SHIFALVNENGGOUZAIGEGEDIFANGDEDAOGENGJIAJUTIDEYUNYONG。DIFANGDANGZHENGJIGUANSHENCHUDIFANGZHILIZHANLIEZUIQIANXIAN,MIANDUIZHEDESHIGENGWEIJUTIGENGWEIJINPOJIXUDANGXIAJIEJUEDEWENTI,YINCIGAIGEDERENWUYEJIUGENGDA。TISHENGDIFANGDANGZHENGHESHUJIGUANGAIGEJIJIXING,WEIDANGZHENGHESHUJIGUANGAIGEBUDUANKAIPIDAOLU,BUJINJINYAOJINXINGZISHANGERXIADEGAIGE[8](P87),ERQIEYAOTONGGUODIFANGDEGAIGELAITUIDONGSHANGJIDEGAIGEZHENGTIDEGAIGE,ZHEIYANGCAINENGGENGRONGYISHOUHUOJUDADECHENGGONG。

              (四)明确党政关系,推动法律完善

              RUHEZHENGQUERENSHIHECHULIHAODANGZHENGGUANXI,SHIXINGDANGZHENGFENKAI,SHISHEHUIZHUYIJIANSHECUNZAIDEYIGEXUANERWEIJUEDEZHONGDALILUNWENTIHESHIJIANWENTI。1980NIAN8YUE18RI,DENGXIAOPINGZAIZHONGGONGZHONGYANGZHENGZHIJUKUODAHUIYISHANGFABIAOLE《DANGHEGUOJIALINGDAOZHIDUDEGAIGE》DEZHONGYAOJIANGHUA,YIZHENJIANXUEDITICHULEDANGHEGUOJIAXIANXINGLINGDAOTIZHIZHONGCUNZAIDEQUANLIGUOFENJIZHONGHEDANGZHENGBUFEN、YIDANGDAIZHENGDEYANZHONGBIDUAN,TICHUYAOGAIGEQUANLIGUOFENJIZHONGDELINGDAOZHIDU,SHIDANG“KEYIJIZHONGJINGLIGUANDANG,GUANLUXIAN、FANGZHEN、ZHENGCE”。XIANRUJINSHIXINGDANGZHENGHESHUTIZHIGAIGE,RUHECHULIDANGZHENGZHIJIANDEQUANLIFENPEIGUANXIDAOWOGUODANGQIANXINGZHENGTIZHIDEFAZHANFANGXIANG,TONGSHIYEGUANXIDAOGENGWEISHENYUANDEGAIGEFANGXIANG。

            星云棋牌官网下载   JINGUANDANGQIANDANGZHENGGUANXIFAZHANMIQIE,DANYAODAODADANGZHENGWANQUANTONGYI,SHIQIGUISHUYUTONGYIXITONGZHINEIHAISHIBUTAIXIANSHIDE[9](P321),TONGSHIRUGUOQIANGXINGSHIXIANDANGZHENGBUFEN,NEIMESUODAOZHIDEHOUGUOSHINANYIGUJIDE。SUOYIZHENGQUEQUFENDANGYUZHENGZHIJIANDEGUANXIJIEXIAN,MINGQUEDANGZHENGGEZIDEFANWEISHIDANGZHENGHESHUJIGOUGAIGEDEZHONGYAOQIANTI。

              DANGZHENGHESHUJIGOUGAIGEYAOQIUZUODAOJIANGZHINENGXIANGJINHUOZHEXIANGSIDEDANGZHENGJIGOUJINXINGHEBINGBANGONG,ZHEIJIUYIWEIZHEBINGBUSHISUOYOUDEJIGOUDOUBIXUJINXINGDANGZHENGHEBING,ZUOWEIJIGOUSHIFOUNENGGOUHEBINGGAIGEDEJIEXIAN[10],YINGDANGZAIGAIGEGUOCHENGZHONGHUAFENHAOGEJIGUANZISHENZHINENG,YIZHINENGDELIANJIEDIANZUOWEIDANGZHENGGUANXIDEJIEXIAN,YIFANGMIANNENGGOUBANGZHULUOSHIHESHUGAIGEDEJICHU,LINGYIFANGMIANYOUNENGGOUBANGZHUMINGQUEDANGZHENGGUANXI,CUJINDANGZHENGGUANXIPINGWENFAZHAN。DANGRANCIXIANGHUAFENNENGGOUSHIDANGGENGJIAMINGQUEXINGZHENGJIGUANGEZIDEZHINENG,CONGERJIAQIANGDANGDUIXINGZHENGGONGZUODELINGDAO,TISHENGXINGZHENGXIAOLV。

            星云棋牌官网下载   XIANRUJINDANGZHENGFAZHANZONGTIFANGXIANGSHANGSHIYIYOUJIJIEHE、GUIFANDANGZHENGGUANXIWEIZHU。DANGRANWOGUOMUQIANXINGZHENGTIZHIYUDANGDEGUANLITIZHIXINGSHISHANGSHIFENKAIDE,ZI20SHIJI90NIANDAIYILAI,RENDADEZHINENGJINYIBUWANSHAN,DANGYIGUOJIAQUANLIWEIQIERUDIAN,JIANGDANGDEZHUZHANGLUOSHIDAOGUOJIAJIGUANDEMEIYIGEJIAOLUO,TONGSHISUIZHEWOGUOFAZHIJIANSHEDEBUDUANWANSHAN,FAZHITIXIDEBUDUANFAZHAN,JINYIBUDUIDANGDELINGDAOJINXINGLEWANSHANYUFAZHAN,SHIQIBUDUANWANSHANZISHEN,DUIQIQUANLIDEXINGSHIGENGJIAMINGXIHUA,ZAIJIAQIANGZISHENJIANSHEDETONGSHIBAOZHENGQIZHENGQUEDIXINGSHIGEXIANGQUANLI。DANGQIANLIFAFANGXIANGZHUYAOMINGXILEXINGZHENGJIGUANDEZHIQUANYUGONGZUOCHENGXU,SHIDANGGENGJIAJIEJINXINGZHENGXITONGNEIBU,CONGERTISHENGDANGDUIQIDEZHUDAOLILIANG。

              结语

              DANGZHENGJIGOUGAIGESHIXINGZHENGFALINGYUYANJIUDEJIWEIZHONGYAODEFANGMIAN,TABUJINJINSHIDANCHUNDEZHENGFUJIGOUGAIGE,QIGAIGESHEJIDESHIDANGYUZHENGLIANGGEBUTONGDETIZHITIXI,SUOSHEJIDESHIDANGQIANXINGZHENGZUZHIFAYUXINGGUANXINGZHENGBUMENFALVDEGAIGE,NANDUSHIZHIQIANSUOYOUXINGZHENGJIGOUGAIGEWUFABINIDE。MINGQUELIFAZAIGAIGEZHONGDEZHONGYAOZUOYONGSHIGAIGEDEQIANTI,YOUHUAZHENGFUJIGOUSHEZHIHEZHINENGPEIZHISHIGAIGEDEZHONGYAORENWU,JIANCHIDANGDELINGDAOSHIGAIGEGUOCHENGZHONGSHIZHONGYAOJIANCHIDEYUANZE,TUIJINDANGZHENGHESHUJIGOUGAIGEDEDAOLUHONGWEIERYOUMANZHANG,XUYAODANGHEGUOJIADEGONGTONGNULI,DANGRANYELIBUKAIGUANGDARENMINQUNZHONGDEZHICHI。

              参考文献

              [1]金太军.新世纪中国政治改革若干重大问题的思考[J].江苏行政学院学报,2001(3).
              [2]傅金鹏.大部门式党政会署:党政机构统筹设置的新形态[J].理论与改革,2011(1);傅金鹏.党政会署:形态变迁与改革策略[J].天津行政学院,2012(1).
              [3]景跃进.重新认识中国政治:视角、方法与结构写在《当代中国政府与政治》出版之前[J].复旦政治学评论,2016(1).
              [4]中央编办理论学习中心组.深化行政体制改革推进国家治理体系和治理能力现代化[J].求是,2014(3).
              [5]姜明安.老论中国共产党党内法规的性质与作用[J].北京大学学报(哲学社会科学版),2012(3).
              [6]张宝羊,时进刚.行政规则及其效力外部化初探[J].江南社会学院学报,2004(4).
              [7]毛泽东.论十大关系[A].毛泽东选集(第5卷)[C].人民出版社,1977.
              [8]习近平.关于深化党和国家机构改革决定稿和方案稿的说明[A].《中共中央关于深化党和国家机构改革的决定》《深化党和国家机构改革方案》辅导读本[C].人民出版社,2018.
              [9]邓小平.党和国家领导制度的改革[A].邓小平文选(第2卷)[C].人民出版社,1994.
            星云棋牌官网下载   [10]参见徐理响.现代国家治理中的合署办公体制探析———以纪检监察合署办公为例[J].求索,2015(8).

              注释

              1中央机构编制委员会对“机构改革”的释义为:“为了适应社会政治经济发展的需要而对党政机关的管理体制、职能配置、机构设置、人员配备以及这些机构人员的组合方式、运行机制所作的较大调整和变革。”引自中央机构编制委员会网站
              2该观点是针对党政合署展开论述的,党政合署作为党政机构整合的一种方式,其相应的分类方法可以为党政机构整合研究所借鉴。
              32018年改革决定将此详述为:“党的有关机构可以同职能相近、联系紧密的其他部门统筹设置,实行合并设立或合署办公,整合优化力量和资源,发挥综合效益。”
            星云棋牌官网下载   4中国共产党的组织原则移植并发展了俄国革命时期共产国际的“二十一条”,延续了“高度集中的组织”“在党内实行铁的纪律”等精神内核(参见:尤里乌斯.布劳恩塔尔着《国际史》第2卷,上海译文出版社1986年版,第631页-641页)。

              王婵,路康铎,王荣惠.党政合署体制下的行政法发展[J].社科纵横,2019,34(11):92-97.
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