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                        羊肝片吸虫病临床症状与治疗方法

                        时间:2018-12-17 来源:农业与技术 作者:白园园,张雷,常璇璇, 本文字数:3018字

                          摘    要: 在养羊业的快速发展之下,羊的寄生虫病危害也日益严重,其中肝片吸虫是对羊群危害较大的一种蠕虫病,国内外广泛流行,部分地区感染率高达90%以上,不仅影响羊只的正常生长,还会在寄生过程中产生毒素引发宿主出现全身性中毒和营养代谢紊乱等现象,防控不及时会造成群体发病和死亡,带来巨大的经济损失。本文就该病的病原、流行特点、临床症状和诊断、治疗及防治进行具体介绍,旨在提升羊养殖的质量,促进我国畜牧业的发展。

                          关键词: 羊肝片吸虫; 诊断; 防治;

                        星云棋牌官网下载   GANPIANXICHONGSHUBIANXINGDONGWUMENXICHONGGANGPIANXINGKEPIANXINGSHU,CHENGCHONGJISHENGYUNIUYANGDENGFANCHUDONGWUDEGANZANGHEDANGUANNEI,WEIRENCHUGONGHUANJISHENGCHONGBING,YOUCHENGGANZHIBINGHUODIAOSHUISAI。KEZAOCHENGGANZANGHEDANGUANYANZHENG,MUQIANZAIWOGUOZHONGDUODIQUDEMIANYANGYANGZHIZHONGDOUYOUBUTONGCHENGDUDEGANPIANXICHONGGANRAN,FENBUGUANGFAN,DIANXINGDEJIJIEXINGLIUXING,CHANGJIANYUXIAQIUJI,DUOJIZHONGFASHENGYUHELIU、XISHUIHEDIWACHAOSHISHUIYUANCHONGZUDEDIDAI,YOUQISHICHUMUYEFADADEFANGMUDIQU,RUNEIMENGGU、QINGHAI、NINGXIA、XINJIANGHEDONGBEISANSHENG,GAIBINGWEIHAIXINGDA,YANZHONGZUAICHUMUYEDEFAZHAN,NONGYEBUJIANGQILIEWEI3LEIDONGWUYIBING。

                          1、 病原发育史

                          GANPIANXICHONGCIXIONGTONGTI,WAIGUANCHENGBIANPINGYEZHUANG,XINGSILIUYEYOUCHENGLIUYECHONG,TONGCHANGCHONGTIZHANGDUWEI20~30mm,KUANDUWEI5~13mm,QIDAXIAOSHOUSUZHUHEFAYUHUANJINGYINGXIANG,JUKOUFUXIPAN,TIBIAOYOUPIJI,HUOTICHENGZONGHONGSE,SIHOUHUIBAISE[1]。GANPIANXICHONGDEFAYUGUOCHENGXUYAOZHONGJIANSUZHUZHUISHILUODECANYU,JISHENGYUDANGUANDECHENGCHONGCHANCHUCHONGLUAN,TONGGUOFENBIANPAICHUTIWAI,GENJUWENSHIDU、GUANGZHAO、YANGQIDENGTIAOJIANDECHAYI,CHONGLUANJING14~28dDESHIJIANZAISHUIZHONGFUHUACHENGMAOYOU,MAOYOUQUNJIYUZHUISHILUOZHOUWEI,CONGZHUISHILUODETOUDUAN、CHUJIAO、ROUZUHEWAITAOMODENGBUWEIQINRUQITINEIBINGTUOQUXIANMAO,3hZUOYOUFAYUWEIBAOYOU,YUE15dHOUXINGCHENGLEIYOU,YIGEBAOYOUTINEIKECHANSHENG5~15GELEIYOU,ZAIJINGYUE21~28d,LEIYOUFAYUCHENGMULEIYOUBINGZAITINEIXINGCHENGZILEIYOUHEPEIXIBAO,ZUIHOUJING35~42d,ZILEIYOUFAYUCHENGWEIYOUCONGZHUISHILUOTINEIYIRUSHUIZHONG。JINRUSHUIZHONGDEWEIYOUYOUQICHENGNANGXIBAOFENMIDEZHANYEJIANGQIBAOGUOQILAI,WEIBUTUOLUO,XINGCHENGNANGYOU,PIAOFUYUSHUIMIANHUOZHANFUZAISHUISHENGZHIWUSHANG,ZHONGMOSUZHUNIUYANGDENGYINSHIRUHUOYINYONGHANYOUNANGYOUDESHUISHENGZHIWUHEYINSHUIERGANRAN,NANGYOUZAISUZHUDESHIERZHICHANGCONGBAONANGYICHU,SHENTOUBINGCHUANGUOXIAOCHANGBIJINRUFUQIANG,JINGGANBEIMOJINRUGANSHIZHI,ZAIGANZANGZHONGYOULIHEFANZHIYUE42~56dHOUJINRUDANGUANNEIFAYUZHIXINGCHENGSHUBINGPAILUAN,SUIDANZHIJINRUCHANGQIANG,ZAISUISUZHUFENBIANPAICHUTIWAI,QIJIANDUIGANZANGHEDANGUANZUZHIZAOCHENGBUTONGCHENGDUDESUNSHANG。PAICHUTIWAIZHIHOUDECHONGLUANANZHAOMAOYOU→BAOYOU→LEIYOU→WEIYOU→NANGYOU→CHENGCHONGDEFAYUSHIFAYU,JINERDAOZHIGAIBINGCHIXUXUNHUANFASHENG。

                          2、 流行特点

                          肝片吸虫的流行与环境、气候、及地理位置的变化关系密切,中间宿主(淡水螺)的发育需要适宜的温度和足够的湿度,夏秋季光照充足,温度高,加之降雨量充沛,有利于中间宿主螺类的繁殖和幼虫的孵化。经过雨水或水流的冲刷,地面上的虫卵或孵出的毛蚴进入水中感染螺类,而新鲜雨水又具有刺激尾蚴大量出螺的作用,雨后水涨,水草和水中含有众多囊蚴。此时,羊群放牧时吞食或饮用了含有囊蚴的水草和水而感染,由于夏秋季羊的饲草营养好、膘情佳,且羊等反刍动物的新陈代谢周期较慢,刚感染病症后不易察觉,而冬春季天气寒冷,牧草枯黄,患畜体质下降易发病。肝片吸虫从幼虫发育至成虫需要3~4个月,发育成功后可存活3~5a,呈世界性分布,是我国分布最广、危害最严重的寄生虫病之一,地方性发生于山川、溪流等地势较低地带,降雨量充沛年份流行严重,干旱年份流行较轻。南方9—11月份,北方8—9月份盛行。肝片吸虫可以感染各个年龄和品种的羊,绵羊、羔羊易感性最高,危害最为严重,死亡率也随之升高。
                         

                        羊肝片吸虫病临床症状与治疗方法
                         

                          3、 临床症状

                          LINCHUANGZHENGZHUANGZHUYAOFENWEIJIXINGXINGHEMANXINGXING2ZHONG。JIXINGXINGTONGCHANGZAIQIUJIFASHENG,DUOYOUYOUCHONGYINQI,YANGZHIDUANQINEITUNSHIDALIANGNANGYOU,YOUCHONGZAITINEIYIXINGYINQICHANGBI、GANZANGHEZHOUWEIZUZHISUNSHANGHECHUXUE。LINCHUANGBIAOXIANTIWENSHENGGAO、SHIYUBUZHEN、JINGSHENWEIMI,KESHIZHANMOCANGBAIHEHUANGRAN,GANQUCHUZHENTENGTONG,SUIHOUTIZHICHUXIANSHUAIRUO,YANZHONGZHECHUXIANFUXIE。GAOYANGBINGCHENGDUAN,CHANGTURANSIWANG,YUCHENGYANGCHUXIANZHENGZHUANGHOU3~5dNEISIWANG。MANXINGXINGDUOZAIDONGXIAJIFASHENG,TONGCHANGSHIYOUJIXINGXINGYANBIANERLAIHUOBINGCHUQINGDUGANRANZHIBING,YOUCHENGCHONGYINQI,YIBANZAISHIRUNANGYOUHOU4~5GEYUEFABING,CHENGCHONGDUIYANGGANDANDENGZUZHIWEIHAIJIAODA,YINQIGANDANYANZHENG,ZAOCHENGHUANGDAN、PINXUEHEGANGONGNENGYICHANG,BINGYANGBIAOXIANWEISHIYUBUZHEN、JIANJINXINGXIAOSHOU、PINXUE,BEIMAOCULUANYITUOLUO,YANJIAN、XIAHESHUIZHONG,YOUSHIBOJIXIONGFU,CHENQIMINGXIAN,YUNDONGHOUZHENGZHUANGJIANQING,GANZANGKOUZHENBANZHUOYINQUZENGDA。SUIZHEBINGQINGZHUJIANJIAZHONG,CHUXIANBIANMIHELIJI,DUOSHUJIDUSHUAIJIEDAOZHISIWANG。BURUQIHUANCHUTONGCHANGCHANNAILIANGXIAJIANG,RUYEXIBO,RENSHENQIHUANCHUYILIUCHAN,JISHISHUNLIFENMIAN,GAOYANGYECHANGYINGANRANERSIWANG[2]。

                          4 、剖检病变

                          JIXINGXINGGANPIANXICHONGBINGDUIGANZANGZUZHIZAOCHENGGUANGFANSUNSHANG、YISUI、ZHONGDACHONGXUEANHONGSE,BIAOMIANTUAOBUPING,YANZHONGZHEZHANMOCANGBAI,FUQIANGCHUXUE,XICHONGYIXINGDEHENJIQINGXIKEJIAN,GANZANGBIAOMIANCHUXIANHUIHUANGSEDESUOZHUANGWU,JIYAQIEMIANSHENCHUDALIANGWUHUANGSEZHANCHOUYETIHESHAOLIANGDECHONGTIJININGGUDEXUEYE,GANBAOMOBIAOMIANCHUXIANXIANWEISUCHENJI,TONGSHIXINJIHESHENZANGCANGBAI。DANNANGZHONGZHANG,DANZHICHENGHUIHESE,DANGUANSHULIANGZENGJIA。MANXINGXINGKEDAOZHIGANZANGBIANYUANYINGHUA,DANGUANKUOZHANGNANGZHONG、NEIMOCUCAO,DANGUANNEICHONGMANLEDALIANGDECHONGTIHEZONGHESEDEWUZHUOYETI,DANGUANBIZENGHOUHEXIANWEIHUA。HUANBINGYANGXINBAOHEFUQIANGJIYE,ZHONGZHEFEIBUCHUXIANJUXIANXINGYINGGUJIEJIE[3]。

                          5、 实验室诊断

                          SHIYANSHIZHENDUANCHANGJIANDEFANGFABAOKUOCHENDIANFA、GANZANGJIANCHAFAHEDIANRONGYEJIANCHAFA。

                          6、 治疗方法

                        星云棋牌官网下载   ZHILIAOFANGANSHIQUCHONG,BAOGANLIDAN,JIANWEIDENGFANGFAZONGHEYINGYONG。QUCHONGSHIJIANYIFENQIJIYAO,JIANGTONGCHONGZHUJIANXIAOMIE,BIMIANYICIXINGJIYAOJIANGTONGCHONGXIAOMIE,DANWEINENGJIANGTINEICHONGLUANXIAOMIE,ZAIDUYINQIFABING。QUCHONGSHI,XUGENJUBINGYANGLINCHUANGZHENGZHUANGJINXINGZONGHEXINGZHILIAO。LIUSHUANGERLVFEN,ANTIZHONGGUANFU80 mg/kg,JIANGE7~14dZAIYONGYAO1CI;BIKUITONG,HUANCHUANTIZHONG50mg/kg,YINSHUIGUANFU,JIANGE7~14dZAICIYONGYAO1CI。BINGQINGYANZHONGZHE,XUZAIXIAOYANDETONGSHI,BAOGANLIDAN,KOUFUGAIMEIXINHEJI150mL/d,LIANYONG3d,BINGZIYOUYINYONGDIANJIEDUOTANG。JIANWEICUXIAOHUA,JIZHUFUHEWEISHENGSUB 5mL/d,MEITIAN1CI,LIANYONG5d,BINGZAISILIAOZHONGTIANJIASHANZHAJIAOMUFEN60g/d,LIANYONG7d。CHUCIZHIWAI,YEKEDUIZHENGSHIYONGKANGSHENGSU、DANSU、WEISHENGSUCYIJISHENGXUESUDENGYAOWU。XIYAOQUCHONGHOU,ZHONGYAOJIAYIDIAOLI,FABINGLVJIANGMINGXIANJIANGDI,SIWANGLVYEHUISUIZHIXIAJIANG。KEGENJUBINGCHUSHIJIQINGKUANGCAIYONGJIAJIANBUZHONGYIQITANG,DIAOLIBINGYANGPIWEI,BUZHONGYIQIBAOHUYUANQI。

                          7、 预防措施

                          BINGYANGHEDAICHONGZHESHIZHUYAOCHUANRANYUAN,QUCHONGKEYOUXIAOKONGZHIXICHONGZAIYANGQUNDECHUANBO,KEXUANYONGXIAOLVFEN、BINGLIUMIZUO、LIULVFENDENGJINXINGYUFANGXINGQUCHONG。HELIDEQUCHONGFANGANYEYOUWEIZHONGYAO,YIBANCHUNQIULIANGJIWEIZHUYAODEQUCHONGJIJIE,SHOUCIQUCHONGXUANZE10—11YUEZUIJIA,KEXIAOMIETINEIDABUFENCHENGCHONGHELUANNANG;DI2CIXUANZE3YUEZHONGXUNJINXINGQUCHONG,KESHASITINEIDECHONGLUANHEYOUCHONG,ERZAIGAIBINGLIUXINGDELAOYIQUYINGXUANZEZAI5—11YUE,MEI2GEYUEQUCHONG1CI。ZAIYANGQUNYONGYAOQIJIANYAODUIKENENGCUNZAICHONGLUANDEDIMIAN、QUANSHEJINXINGCHEDIQINGSAOHEXIAODU,JIANGFENBIANZAIYUANLIYANGZHIQUYUDUIJIFAJIAOJINXINGWUHAIHUACHULI,LIYONGFAJIAOQIJIANCHANSHENGDERELIANGJIANGCHONGLUANHEYOUCHONGXIAOMIE。ZAIYANGZHIHUANJIEZHUZHONGYINGYANGDEHELIGONGJI,KEXUESIYANG,ZENGQIANGYANGZHIKANGBINGNENGLI。XIAOMIEZHONGJIANSUZHU(DANSHUILUO)DUIFANGKONGGAIBINGJUYOUZHONGYAOYIYI,KEDUILUOLEIJIAODUODEDIWADISHIJINXINGGAIZAO,POHUAIQISHENGHUOHUANJING,HUOZAIMEINIANLUOLEIFANZHIDE4—5YUEDINGQICAIYONG5%DEANSHUIPENSAMIELUO,YEKETONGGUOYANGZHIYA、EDENGQINLEIJINXINGSHENGWUMIELUO。XUANQUDISHIGAOZAODEQUYUFANGMU,FANGMUQIANYANGQUNTIQIANYINSHUI。

                          8 、小结

                          YANGGANPIANXICHONGSHIYANGYANGYECHANGJIANDEJISHENGCHONGBING,KEDAOZHIYANGZHISIWANGHEQUNTIFABING,DUICHUMUYEDEJIANKANGFAZHANYOUJIDAWEIHAI,WEIBIMIANGAIBINGZAOCHENGJIAODADEJINGJISUNSHI,ZAICHUMUYESHENGCHANZHONG,YINGJIANCHIFANGZHIJIEHE,KEXUEHELIDESIYANGGUANLI,WEIYANGYANGZHITIGONGBAOZHANG,TIGAOYANGZHIXIAOYI,CUJINWOGUOCHUMUYESHUIPINGDETISHENG。

                          参考文献

                          [1] 刘志科,张秋雨,陈创夫.一例绵羊肝片吸虫病的中西医结合疗法及体会[J].黑龙江畜牧兽医,2017(04):142-143.
                          [2] 阿西木·艾米都拉.牛羊肝片吸虫病的发生及防治[J].兽医导刊,2019(01):37,39.
                          [3] 米玛卓嘎.羊肝片吸虫病的诊断与防制[J].今日畜牧兽医,2019,35(08):27.

                          白园园,张雷,常璇璇,王净.羊肝片吸虫病的诊断及防治[J].农业与技术,2019,39(23):137-138.
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