星云棋牌官网下载

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                          新入园幼儿焦虑成因、表现及缓解对策

                          时间:2019-03-19 来源:科学大众(科学教育), 作者:吴亭蓉 本文字数:2376字

                            摘    要: 星云棋牌官网下载上幼儿园,对于幼儿来说是人生中一个重要的转折点。幼儿在进入幼儿园之前都是与家长朝夕相处,得到长辈们的悉心照料的,是全家人关注的中心。进入幼儿园后,幼儿对于园内的生活环境、生活方式和人际交往等方面存在着诸多的不适应。因此,在不同程度上会出现一些不同的焦虑表现,分析并研究其发生的原因,需要从幼儿园、教师和家长三方面着手,来缓解幼儿的入园焦虑。

                            关键词: 幼儿; 入园焦虑; 缓解措施;

                            ZAIXINLIXUESHANGJIANGYOUERYINLIKAIQINREN、JIATINGSHI,ERYINQIDEJIAOLV、BUANDEQINGXUCHENGZHIWEI“FENLIJIAOLV”。SUIZHESHEHUIDEJINBU,RENMENSHENGHUOSHUIPINGDETIGAOYIJIERTAIZHENGCEDEKAIFANG,FUMUYIJILAOYIBEIGENGSHITENGAIYOUJIA,ZHEINANMIANHUIJITAMENDAILAIYIXIEFUMIANDEYINGXIANG,LIRU:YIZIWOWEIZHONGXIN、MUZHONGWUREN、ZILINENGLICHADENG。ZHEIXIEDOUHUISHIYOUERZAICHURUYUANSHICHUXIANJIAOLVXIANXIANGDEZHONGDAYUANYINZHIYI。ZUOWEIYOUERJIAOSHIDEWOMENZAIGAODUZHONGSHIYOUERSHENTIJIANKANGDETONGSHI,YEYAOGAODUZHONGSHIYOUERDEXINLIJIANKANG。YINCI,BANGZHUYOUERHUANJIERUYUANJIAOLVBIANCHENGLEYIGEZHIDEWOMENZHONGSHIBINGYANJIUDEKETI。

                            一、入园焦虑的成因

                            (一)对于陌生环境的不适应

                          星云棋牌官网下载   YOUERCHUSHANGYOUERYUAN,DUIYUYUANNEIDEYIQIEDOUSHIMOSHENGDE。YINCINANMIANHUICHANSHENGYIXIEJIAOLV,ZHEIXIEJIAOLVDECHENGYINZHUYAOKEYICONGSANGEFANGMIANLAITAN:

                          星云棋牌官网下载   1.MOSHENGDEJIAOWANGDUIXIANG。YOUERZICHUSHENG,QIJIAOWANGDEDUIXIANGDADUOSHIFUMU、ZHANGBEIYIJIYIXIESHUXIDEWANBAN,QIEXIANZAIDEYOUERWANGWANGYOUSHIJIAZHONGDEDUYIWUER,TONGCHANGJIGEDARENWEIZHEYIGEXIAOHAIZHUAN,YINERZHEIXIEYOUERQUEFAFENXIANG、HEZUO、GUANXINDEYISHI。LIRU:ZAIWANJIMUDEGUOCHENGZHONG,YOUDEYOUERKANDAOQITAYOUERNALEGEJIMU,TAJIUJUEDEZHEIGEJIMUHAO,TAYEXIANGYAO,SUOYIDAOZHIZUIHOUHUICHUXIANZHENGQIANGWANJU、HUXIANGDANAODENGYIXIEXIANXIANG。2.XINGWEIGUIZEDEYUESHU。YOUERZAIJIAZHONG,SUOYOUDERICHANGHUODONGBAOKUOYOUXIDENGDOUSHIBIJIAOSUIYIZIYOUDE,XIANGGANMAJIUGANMA,JIAZHANGHUISHUNZHEYOUER。DANYOUERYUANSHIYIGEJITIDESHENGHUO,WEILEWEICHIYIRIHUODONGSHUNLIZHENGCHANGDIKAIZHAN,JIAOSHIJIUBUDEBUSHIYONGYIXIE“XINGWEIGUIZE”LAIYUESHUYOUER。LIRUCHIFANDESHIHOUBUNENGSUIYIZOUDONG;SHUIJUEDESHIHOUBUNENGJIANGHUADENGDENG,ERZHEIZHONGYUESHUDUIYUBUFENHAIZILAISHUOBIRANHUIYINQIYIXIEBUSHIYING。3.SHENGHUOSHANGDEBUSHIYING。ZAIJIAZHONG,JIAZHANGSUIYIKAISHIZHUBUPEIYANGYOUERJIBENDESHENGHUOZILINENGLI,DANYOUXIEYOUERHAIBUNENGWANQUANSHIYING,TAMENZISHENDULIDEZILINENGLIHAISHIYOUSUOQIANQUEDE。LIRUZAIJINRUYOUERYUANHOU,BUFENYOUERWUSHUISHI,BUHUIZIJITUOYIFU;GUANXISHI,BUNENGZIJIZHENGLIYIKUDENGDENG。SUIYOULAOSHIDEBANGZHU,DANYOUERRENSHUJIAODUO,DENGDAISHIJIANJIAOZHANG,HENDUOSHIHOUHAISHIXUYAOYIKAOZIJI。DUIYUZHEIZHONGYAOQIUSHANGDEMENGRANTIGAO,YOUERWANGWANGYIXIAZISHIYINGBULE,JIUHUIZAOCHENGXINLISHANGDEBUSHIYING,TONGCHANGHUIBIAOXIANCHUWUNAIHEJIAOLV。

                            (二)家长焦虑

                            很多时候,幼儿的入园焦虑往往是因为家长而引起的。有些家长在家的时候怕孩子刚入园会不适应,于是就会给孩子打预防针:“宝宝去了幼儿园后不能哭哦”“宝宝要乖乖的,妈妈就很快来接你了”。再如有的家长为了想让孩子听话就会说:“你再不乖我就把你送幼儿园里去,让老师管教你。”这些话在潜移默化中往往会给孩子带来疑惑,为什么去了幼儿园要哭?为什么乖了妈妈就会很快来接我,难道不乖就不来接了吗?老师是不是很凶的?等等,从而慢慢的,幼儿会开始畏惧上幼儿园。导致越来越多的孩子会产生不同情况的入园焦虑。
                           

                          新入园幼儿焦虑成因、表现及缓解对策
                           

                            二、入园焦虑的几种表现及教师的做法

                            (一)哭

                            RURUIRUIXIAOPENGYOU,MEITIANZAOSHANGSHINAINAISONGLAIDE,GANGJINJIAOSHISHIHENANJING,ZHANZAINAINAIPANGBIANBUDONGBUXIANG,DANDANGNAINAIZHUNBEILIKAISHI,KAISHIDAKUDANAO,XIANGYAOZHUICHUJIAOSHI,ZHEISHI,JIAOSHIQULANZHUTA,TAHAIHUIYONGSHOUDALAOSHI,DANYIHUIER,TAJIANZHENGTUOBULEBIANHUIMANMANTINGZHIKUNAO。ZHEISHI,JIAOSHIZAIANWEIJIJU,JIEZHEZAIXIAMIANDEHUODONGZHONGQINGXUYIZHIHENHAO,ZHEIZHONGKUNAOQINGKUANGCHIXULEJIANGJINYIGEDUOLIBAIBIANHAOLE。

                            (二)生理焦虑

                            RUHAOHAOXIAOPENGYOU,GANGRUYUANDESHIHOU,MEITIANDOUHUIPINFANDIYAOXIAOBIAN。YIKAISHI,SHIMANZUTADEYAOQIUDAITAQUWEISHENGJIAN,DANJIANJIANDE,JIAOSHIKAISHIYANCHIMANZU,HUIGENTASHUO:“NIGANGGANGXIAOBIANGUODE,WOMENGUOYIHUIHUIERZAIQU,HAOBUHAO?”YOUSHIHUITONGGUOZHUANYITADEZHUYILAIYANCHI。

                            (三)粘人

                          星云棋牌官网下载   RUXUANXUANXIAOPENGYOU,ZAIJIALIYIZHISHIMAMADAIDE,MEITIANMAMASONGDAOYOUERYUANHOUJIUKAISHIKU,SUANSHISUOYOUFENLIJIAOLVDEHAIZIZHONGBIJIAOYANZHONGDE。KAIXUEDEQIANYIGELIBAIJIHUSHIZHENGTIYILEIXIMIAN,TABUYUANYIGENXIAOPENGYOUYIQIWAN,BUYUANYISHANGKE,YIZHIGENZHEYIWEILAOSHI,MEITIANSHUODEZUIDUODEYIJUHUAJIUSHI:“MAMANI?WOYAOMAMA。”SHIBUSHIHAIHUICHAOZHECHUANGWAIDAHANJISHENG:“MAMA、MAMA”。SUIBIANSHENMESHIHOU,DOUYAOZHEIGELAOSHIZAIPANGBIAN;SUIBIANSHENMESHIQING,DOUYAOZHEIGELAOSHIBANGMANG,YILIKAIJIUKAISHIKUNAO,BUTINGDIXIANGQITALAOSHIXUNWEN。

                            三、入园焦虑的缓解措施

                            (一)教师

                          星云棋牌官网下载   1.CHUANGSHELIANGHAODEHUANJINGFENWEI。WEIJIANSHAOGANGRUYUANYOUERDEJIAOLVXIANXIANG,JIAOSHIYINGCHUANGSHEYIGEKUANSONG、WENXIN、ANQUANDEHUANJING,RANGYOUERZAILIMIANNENGGOUGANSHOUDAO“JIA”YIYANGDEGANJUE。TONGSHI,JIAOSHIDUIDAIYOUERYAOYOUSANXIN:NAIXIN、AIXINHEGUANXIN,SHIMEIGEYOUERDOUNENGGANSHOUDAOLAOSHIJIUXIANGMAMA。2.KAIZHANFENGFU、YOUQUDEYOUXIHUODONG。“YOUXISHIYOUERDETIANXING”,YINCI,JIAOSHIYINGZUZHIGEZHONGSHENGDONGYOUQU、XINGSHIDUOYANGDEHUODONG,LAIXIYINYOUERZHUDONGCANYU。SHIDEYOUERJUEDEZAIYOUERYUANJIUXIANGZAIJIALIYIYANG,KEYIWUJUWUSHUJINQINGDIWANSHUA。3.JISHIXIANGJIAZHANGFANKUIYOUERDEQINGKUANG。YOUERCHURUYOUERYUAN,HENDUOHUIYOUHENDUOBUDONG、BUHUIDEDIFANG。ZUOWEIJIAOSHI,YINGDUOGUANZHUHAIZIBINGJISHIXIANGJIAZHANGFANKUI,RANGJIAZHANGNENGGOUJIZAODILEJIEZIJIHAIZIDEBUZUBINGJINKUAIBANGZHUYOUERTIGAOHUOGAISHAN,ZHENGQURANGYOUERNENGGOUJINKUAIDESHIYINGYOUERYUANDESHENGHUO,JIANSHAOBUBIYAODEJIAOLV。

                            (二)家长

                          星云棋牌官网下载   1.PEIYANGLIANGHAOSHENGHUOZILINENGLIHEZUOXIXIGUAN。JIAZHANGZAIYOUERRUYUANQIAN,YINGZHESHOUPEIYANGYOUERYIXIEJIBENDESHENGHUOZILINENGLI,RU:CHUANYIFU、SHANGCESUO、YONGSHAOZICHIFANDENG;LINGWAI,JIAZHANGHAIYINGPEIYANGYOUERLIANGHAODEZUOXIXIGUAN,KEXUE、YOUXUDEANPAIYOUERDEYIRISHENGHUO,WEIYOUERGAOGAOXINGXINGRUYUANCHUANGZAOLIANGHAOTIAOJIAN。2.SONGWANHAIZIJISHILIYUAN。DUIYUCHURUYOUERYUANDEHAIZILAISHUO,KUNAOSHIZHENGCHANGDEXIANXIANG。JIAZHANGBUNENGYINWEIKANDAOZIJIDEHAIZIKUERYILIANXINTENG、BURENLIKAI,ZHEIYANGZUOFANERHUIJIAZHONGYOUERDEJIAOLVQINGXU。JIAZHANGYINGXINRENJIAOSHIHUIZHAOGUHAOZIJIDEHAIZI,BINGGENHAIZIDAOBIE,RANHOUJIANDINGDILIKAI,RANGYOUERXINLIMINGBAI:BABAMAMAQUSHANGBAN,WOSHANGYOUERYUAN。3.DUOYUJIAOSHIGOUTONG,JIJIPEIHE。YOUERCHURUYOUERYUAN,DUIYUSHENGHUOXIGUAN、ZILINENGLIDENGFANGMIANKENDINGHUIYOUHENDUOBURUYIDEDIFANG,ZHEIJIUXUYAOJIAZHANGDUOYUJIAOSHIGOUTONG,LEJIEZIJIHAIZIBUZUZHICHUBINGJIJIPEIHE,ZAIJIAZHONGXUNLIANYOUER,ZHENGQURANGYOUERNENGGOUJINKUAIDESHIYINGYOUERYUANDESHENGHUO,RONGRUJITI。

                            吴亭蓉.浅谈小班幼儿入园焦虑及缓解措施[J].科学大众(科学教育),2020(02):118.
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