星云棋牌官网下载

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                        1. 在线提交[ 学术堂-专业的论文学习平台 ]
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                          中国共产党发展观的演变历程、经验及其价值

                          时间:2018-12-18 来源:东南大学马克思主义学院 作者:方正 本文字数:16398字

                            摘    要:星云棋牌官网下载 发展观是一个国家在社会发展过程中对发展以及怎样发展的系统而全面的观点。根据我们党所处不同历史阶段的社会基本状况、承担的发展任务以及党的发展战略的内在逻辑,可以将70年来党的发展观的演进历程划分为:新中国成立之初以激进式革命改造为主线的革命发展观、改革开放后以体制改革为着力点的改革发展观、新世纪初以全面协调可持续为基本要求的科学发展观以及十八大以来经济社会发展步入新常态后的新时代发展观。中国共产党发展观的演变历程深刻揭示出:在价值旨归上,党的发展观必须始终秉持以人民为中心的核心价值原则;在思维方式上,要坚持社会主义根本立场之“不变”与不适宜生产力发展要求的上层建筑之“变”的辩证统一;在基本方法上,要坚持理论与实践相结合的原则;在外部环境上,必须统筹好国内外两个战略大局。中国共产党发展观的演变历程对世界后发国家的现代化建设具有重要的借鉴意义,其诸多理念为构建更加公正合理的国际治理新秩序提供了中国智慧与方案。

                            关键词: 发展观; 革命发展观; 改革发展观; 科学发展观; 新时代发展观;

                          星云棋牌官网下载   GUOJIADEFAZHANZHUANGKUANGBIAOXIANWEIQIJINGJI、SHEHUI、WENHUADENGZHUXITONGDEFAZHANJIHUDONGQINGKUANG,ZAIGENBENSHANGQUJUEYUZHENGZHIRUHEZUOYONGYUSHANGSHULINGYU,QUJUEYUJUYOUGUIFANXINGYUQIANGZHILIDEZHENGZHIQUANLIRUHEANPAIJINGJI、SHEHUI、WENHUASHIWU,RUHEFENPEIZIYUAN、QUEDINGQUANLIYIWUGUANXIYIJIDAJIANSHEHUIJIBENJIEGOU[1]。YINERZHENGZHIQUANLIXITONGQUELIZENYANGDEFAZHANLINIAN,ZAIMOUZHONGYIYISHANGJUEDINGLEGUOJIAFAZHANDEJIBENZHUANGKUANG。XINZHONGGUOCHENGLIYILAI,WOMENDANGYIJUBUTONGLISHIJIEDUANDEJIBENGUOQING、SHEHUIZHUYIJIANSHEGUOCHENGZHONGMIANLINDEMAODUNWENTIYIJIGUONEIWAIZHANLVEHUANJINGDEBIANHUA,ZHIDINGLEBUTONGDEFAZHANZHANLVE,XINGCHENGLEYIXILIEGUANYUSHEHUIZHUYIJIANSHEDEJIBENGUANDIAN。70NIANLAI,DANGDEFAZHANGUANZAISHEHUIZHUYIJIANSHESHIJIANZHONGBUDUANDIAOZHENG,ZAIXIANDAIHUADAOLUTANSUOZHONGZHUJIANCHENGSHU。DUIBUTONGSHIQIDANGDEFAZHANGUANDEZHUYAONEIRONG、SHIJIANZHUANGKUANGYIJIJIBENJINGYANJINXINGFENXI,KEYISHENHUADUIZHONGGUOTESESHEHUIZHUYIJIANSHEYUFAZHANWENTIDEGUILVXINGRENSHI,WEIJINHOUWOMENDANGDEFAZHANZHANLVEZHIDING、FAZHANGUANDEQUELITIGONGYOUYIJIEJIAN。

                            一、中国共产党发展观的演变历程

                          星云棋牌官网下载   GENJUBUTONGSHIQIDANGDEFAZHANZHANLVEDENEIZAILUOJIBIANHUA,KEYIJIANG70NIANLAIDANGDEFAZHANGUANDEYANBIANLICHENGHUAFENWEISIGEJIEDUAN:

                            (一)新中国成立至“文革”结束:革命发展观

                            1949NIAN,ZHONGHUARENMINGONGHEGUOCHENGLI,KAIQILEZHONGHUAMINZUFAZHANLISHIDEXINJIYUAN,ZHONGGUOGONGCHANDANGYEYOUCICHENGWEILINGDAORENMINZHANGWOQUANGUOZHENGQUANDEZHIZHENGDANG。

                            1. 新民主主义社会阶段(1949-1956年):

                            恢复与改造。新中国成立之初,中国共产党面临的是一个千疮百孔的局面:政治上,国民党逃离时的残余力量与地方反动势力相勾结,严重威胁着社会政治新秩序的建立与稳固;以美国为首的帝国主义在国际上拒绝承认新中国,企图通过政治上孤立、经济上封锁、军事上威胁等手段摧垮新生的人民政权。经济上,民族工业经官僚资本盘剥打击一蹶不振、社会生产凋敝萎缩,国民政府滥发纸币造成物价飞涨、民生困苦,投机倒把猖獗泛滥。在此情形下,党和国家领导人首先对新中国的具体国情进行了判断。毛泽东明确了其时的中国处于新民主主义社会的基本状况,并指出新民主主义社会是“过渡的形式,是不可移易的必要的形式”[2],新民主主义社会的主要矛盾是人民群众与帝国主义、封建主义以及官僚资本主义残余势力之间的矛盾。根据这一判断,中国共产党将国民经济的恢复与加速新民主主义社会向社会主义社会的革命性转变作为这一时期的主要发展任务。1952年,我国国民经济得到了全面恢复,工农业总产值达到了810亿元,超过了新中国成立以前的历史最高水平,比1949年的446亿元增长了77.5%[3]。战争创伤的修复为社会主义改造创造了有利条件,1952年底,毛泽东提出了“要逐步过渡到社会主义”的战略构想,“要在一个相当长的时期内逐步实现国家的社会主义工业化,逐步实现国家对农业、手工业和资本主义工商业的社会主义改造”[4]。1956年,社会主义三大改造提前完成,从根本上解决了无产阶级与资产阶级的矛盾,实现了生产资料私有制向社会主义公有制的转变,我国社会主义基本制度初步建立起来。
                           

                          中国共产党发展观的演变历程、经验及其价值
                           

                            2. 社会主义全面建设阶段(1956-1966年):

                            TANSUOYUSHIWU。SHEHUIZHUYIGAIZAOWANCHENGHOU,WOGUOJINRULESHEHUIZHUYICHUJIJIEDUAN。ZAIQUANMIANJIANSHESHEHUIZHUYIDETANSUOGUOCHENGZHONG,ZHONGGUOGONGCHANDANGSHOUXIANMIANLINZHELIANGGEWENTI:YISHISHEHUIZHUYAOMAODUNDEWENTI,XINMINZHUZHUYISHEHUIDEJIESHUYIWEIZHEZHONGGUOSHEHUIZHUYAOMAODUNYIJINGFASHENGLEZHUANBIAN,ZHONGGUOGONGCHANDANGSUOCHENGDANDEZHUYAOFAZHANRENWUYEFASHENGLEBIANHUA;ERSHISHEHUIZHUYIJIANSHEDEGUIMOHESUDUWENTI,JIDUISHEHUIZHUYIRUHEFAZHAN、FAZHANJINDURUHEXUANZEBIXUYOUMINGQUEQINGXIDERENSHI。1956NIAN9YUE,ZHONGGONGBADAZHUNQUEFENXILEWOGUOSUOMIANLINDEGUOJIGUONEIXINGSHI,MINGQUETICHUWOGUOSHEHUIZHUYAOMAODUNYIZHUANBIANWEI“RENMINDUIYUJIANLIXIANJINDEGONGYEGUODEYAOQIUYULUOHOUDENONGYEGUODEXIANSHIZHIJIANDEMAODUN,RENMINDUIYUJINGJIWENHUAXUNSUFAZHANDEXUYAOYUDANGQIANJINGJIWENHUABUNENGMANZURENMINXUYAOZHIJIANDEMAODUN”[5],DANGHEGUOJIADEFAZHANRENWUJIUSHIYAOJIZHONGLILIANGJIEJUEZHEIGEMAODUN,JINKUAIDIBAWOGUOCONGLUOHOUDENONGYEGUOZHUANBIANWEIXIANJINDEGONGYEGUO。GENJUZHEIXIEPANDUAN,DANGDEBADAZHIDINGLEYIXILIEFUYUCHUANGZAOXINGDEJINGJI、SHEHUI、WENHUASHIYEFAZHANDEFANGZHENZHENGCE。DANYOUYUDANGDUIQUANMIANJIANSHESHEHUIZHUYIDESIXIANGZHUNBEIYUSHIJIANJINGYANBUZU,BADASUOQUELIDEXUDUOXINDEFAZHANLINIANYUFANGZHENBUNENGLAOGUDIQUELIBINGQUDEGUANGFANDEGONGSHI,HENDUOZHENGCECUOSHIHAIWEIFUZHUSHIJIANBIANHENKUAIFASHENGLEFANFU。

                          星云棋牌官网下载   1957NIAN,MAOZEDONGTICHULIANGLEISHEHUIMAODUNXUESHUO,QIANGDIAOYAOZHENGQUECHULIRENMINNEIBUMAODUN。DANGZHONGYANGYICIWEIQIJI,ZAIQUANDANGFANWEINEIKAIZHANLEZHENGFENGYUNDONG,DUIJISHAOSHU“YOUPAI”FENZIJINXINGLEJIANJUEDAJI。DANYOUYUDUIJIEJIDOUZHENGXINGSHIGUJIDEGUOYUYANZHONG,DAOZHILEFAN“YOUPAI”DOUZHENGKUODAHUA,SHIDEDANGHEGUOJIAMENGSHOULEHENDASUNSHI。1958NIAN,ZHONGGONGBADAERCIHUIYIGAIBIANLEBADAYICIHUIYIGUANYUGUONEIZHUYAOMAODUNDEZHENGQUERENSHI,TICHUWOGUOSHEHUIDEZHUYAOMAODUNRENGRANSHIWUCHANJIEJITONGZICHANJIEJI、SHEHUIZHUYIDAOLUTONGZIBENZHUYIDAOLUZHIJIANDEMAODUN;GENJUMAOZEDONGDECHANGYI,HUIYIZHIDINGLE“GUZUGANJING、LIZHENGSHANGYOU、DUOKUAIHAOSHENGDEJIANSHESHEHUIZHUYI”DEFAZHANZONGLUXIAN,TONGGUOLE15NIANGANSHANGHECHAOGUOYINGGUODEFAZHANMUBIAO。TONGNIAN6YUE,《RENMINRIBAO》FABIAOSHELUNZHICHU:“YONGZUIGAODESUDULAIFAZHANWOGUODESHEHUISHENGCHANLI,SHIXIANGUOJIAGONGYEHUAHENONGYEXIANDAIHUA,SHIZONGLUXIANDEJIBENJINGSHEN……SUDUSHIZONGLUXIANDELINGHUN。”[6]ZHEIXIEWEIBEISHEHUIFAZHANGUILVDECUOWURENSHI,TUIDONGLE“DAYUEJIN”YUNDONGZAIQUANGUOFANWEINEIDEKAIZHAN,ZAOCHENGLE“FUKUAXUBAO”“FANGWEIXING”DENGFENGQIDESHENGXING。1958NIAN8YUE,BEIDAIHEHUIYIJUEDINGZAIQUANGUONONGCUNJIANLIRENMINGONGSHE,QUANGUOGEDIXIANQIDABANGONGSHEDEFENGCHAO,JIDADICUOSHANGLENONGMINSHENGCHANJIJIXING,DUINONGCUNSHENGCHANLIZAOCHENGLEYANZHONGPOHUAI。SHEHUIZHUYIQUANMIANJIANSHEDETANSUOZHONGCHUXIANDEYIXILIEYANZHONGSHIWU,YIFANGMIANSHIYOUYUDANGDUIDAGUIMODESHEHUIZHUYIJIANSHEQUEFASHIJIANJINGYAN,YIKAOQUNZHONGZHENGZHIREQING、DAGAOTUJIYUNDONGDEGEMINGSIWEIBEIGUANGFANYUNYONGYUSHEHUIZHUYIJINGJIJIANSHE,GEMINGSHIQIDECHENGGONGJINGYANBEIJIAOTIAOHUAYUJUEDUIHUA;LINGYIFANGMIAN,ZHANZHENGSHIQIZHUZHONGJIEJIDOUZHENGDESIWEILUOJIBEIYUNYONGDAOLESHEHUIZHUYIQUANMIANJIANSHEJIEDUAN,JINGJISHEHUIFAZHANZHONGDEZHUDUOWENTIYEWANGWANGBEIGUIJIEDAOLEJIEJIDUILIWENTISHANG,ZAIMOUXIEJIEDUAN,GEMINGXINGDEJIEJIDOUZHENGLUOJISHENZHIZAIGUOJIAZHANLVEZHONGZHANJULEZHUDAODIWEI。

                            ZONGTIKANLAI,XINZHONGGUOCHENGLIZHI“WENGE”JIESHU,WOGUOJINGJISHEHUIFAZHANQUDELEYIXIEZHONGYAOCHENGJIU,YOUQISHIZAIZHONGGONGYE、JUNSHIGUOFANGYIJIKEXUEJISHUFANGMIANQUDELEZHONGDAJINZHAN,XINZHONGGUOCONGYIQIONGERBAIDELUOHOUNONGYEGUOZHUANBIANWEIJUYOUJIAOQIQUANGONGYEBUMENDESHEHUIZHUYIGUOJIA。ZHEIYISHIQI,ZHONGGUOSHEHUIFAZHANZHUYAOZUNXUNLEGEMINGSHIDEFAZHANLUOJI:ZAIXINMINZHUZHUYISHEHUIJIEDUAN,ZUNXUNGEMINGDEFAZHANGUANYOUZHUYUXINZHONGGUOXUNSUSUQINGMINZHUGEMINGSHIQIYILIUDEGUANLIAOZIBENZHUYIYUDIGUOZHUYICANYULILIANG,WENGUXINSHENGDERENMINZHENGQUAN;DANZAIQUANMIANJIANSHESHEHUIZHUYIJIEDUAN,GEMINGDEFAZHANLUOJIMEINENGXUNSUZHUANBIANWEISHEHUIZHUYIJIANSHELUOJI,DANGZAIFAZHANZHANLVEDEXUANZESHANGCHUXIANLEYIXIESHIWU,ZHENGCEFANGZHENWEIBEILESHEHUIJINGJIFAZHANDEKEGUANGUILV,DAOZHISHEHUIZHUYIDAOLUTANSUOZAOYULEZHONGDACUOZHE,ZHEISHIZHONGGUOSHEHUIZHUYIJIANSHEDESHENKELISHIJIAOXUN。

                            (二)改革开放至20世纪末:改革发展观

                            1976NIAN,SHINIAN“WENGE”JIESHU,DANGHEGUOJIAKAISHILEBOLUANFANZHENGDELISHIJINCHENG。

                            1. 改革发展观的确立与实践。

                            1978NIAN,DANGDESHIYIJIESANZHONGQUANHUIZUOCHUJIANGQUANDANGGONGZUOZHONGXINZHUANYIDAOJINGJIJIANSHESHANGLAIDEZHONGDAZHANLVEJUECE,JIESHULEDANGHEGUOJIAZAI“PAIHUAIZHONGQIANJIN”DEBEIDONGJUMIAN。SHIYIJIESANZHONGQUANHUIGONGBAOTICHU:“SHIXIANSIGEXIANDAIHUA,YAOQIUDAFUDUDITIGAOSHENGCHANLI,YEJIUBIRANYAOQIUDUOFANGMIANDIGAIBIANTONGSHENGCHANLIFAZHANBUSHIYINGDESHENGCHANGUANXIHESHANGCENGJIANZHU,GAIBIANYIQIEBUSHIYINGDEGUANLIFANGSHI、HUODONGFANGSHIHESIXIANGFANGSHI。”[7]798MINGQUELEYITIZHIGAIGEZUOWEIZHELIDIAN,BUDUANTISHENGJINGJIHUOLI、CUJINSHEHUISHENGCHANFAZHANDEJIBENFAZHANSILU。GAIGEFAZHANGUANDEQUELI,YUDANGDUIDANGSHIZHONGGUOSHEHUIFAZHANJIBENZHUANGKUANGDEZHENGQUEPANDUANSHIFENBUKAIDE。1981NIAN,SHIYIJIELIUZHONGQUANHUITONGGUOLE《GUANYUJIANGUOYILAIDANGDERUOGANLISHIWENTIDEJUEYI》,SHOUCICHANMINGWOGUODESHEHUIZHUYIRENGCHUYUCHUJIJIEDUAN,BINGJIANGSHEHUIZHUYICHUJIJIEDUANDESHEHUIZHUYAOMAODUNTILIANWEI“RENMINRIYIZENGZHANGDEWUZHIWENHUAXUYAOYULUOHOUDESHEHUISHENGCHANZHIJIANDEMAODUN”[7]807,ZHEIYIPANDUANJIANGWOGUOSHEHUIZHUYAOMAODUNKEXUEDIGUIFANDAOLE“XUYAO”YU“SHENGCHAN”DEGUANXIFANCHOUZHONG,DANGHEGUOJIADEGENBENRENWUYEYINCIFASHENGGAIBIAN。1987NIAN,DANGDESHISANDADUISHEHUIZHUYICHUJIJIEDUANJINXINGLESHIJIANSHANGDEJIEDING,TICHU“WOGUOCONGWUSHINIANDAISHENGCHANZILIAOSIYOUZHIDESHEHUIZHUYIGAIZAOJIBENWANCHENG,DAOSHEHUIZHUYIXIANDAIHUADEJIBENSHIXIAN,ZHISHAOXUYAOSHANGBAINIANSHIJIAN,DOUSHUYUSHEHUIZHUYICHUJIJIEDUAN”[7]12,BINGZAICIJICHUSHANGXINGCHENGLE“YIGEZHONGXIN,LIANGGEJIBENDIAN”DESHEHUIZHUYICHUJIJIEDUANJIBENLUXIAN。YIDENGXIAOPINGWEIHEXINDEDANGZHONGYANGLINGDAOJITIDUISHEHUIZHUYICHUJIJIEDUANLILUNDEXITONGCHANSHU,WEIGAIGEFAZHANGUANDEQUELIYUSHIJIANTIGONGLEGENBENDELILUNZHICHENGYUFANGXIANGZHIYIN。

                            GAIGEFAZHANGUANJIANG“FAZHAN”DINGYIWEISHIDAIDEZHUTI,QISHIZHISHIYAOQIUZAI“JIEFANGSIXIANG,SHISHIQIUSHI”FANGZHENZHIDAOXIAJINXINGSHEHUIZHUYIXIANDAIHUAJIANSHE。1978NIANHOU,YI“GAIGE”WEIHEXINMINGTIDEFAZHANLINIANZAIGUOJIAZHILIDEGEGEFANGMIANDEDAOLESHENGDONGTIXIAN:ZAIGONGZUOZHONGXINSHANG,“WENGE”SHIDE“ZHENGZHIGUASHUAI”“YIJIEJIDOUZHENGWEIGANG”BEIYIJINGJIJIANSHEWEIZHONGXINSUOQUDAI,BUDUANJIEFANGHEFAZHANSHENGCHANLICHENGWEIZHEIYISHIQISUOYOUGONGZUODEZHONGZHONGZHIZHONG;ZAIJINGJITIZHIFANGMIAN,GAODUJIZHONGDEJIHUAJINGJITIZHIBEIDAPO,JIATINGLIANCHANCHENGBAOZERENZHIDETUIXINGJIDADITISHENGLENONGMINSHENGCHANJIJIXING、JIEFANGLENONGCUNSHENGCHANLI,GUOYOUQIYETIZHIGAIGESHIDEQIYEZIZHUQUANBUDUANTISHENG、JIFALECHENGSHIJINGJIHUOLI,YIJIAZHIGUILVWEIJICHUDESHANGPINJINGJI(SHICHANGJINGJI)ZHUBUZAISHEHUIZHUYIJINGJIZHONGZHANJUZHONGYAODIWEI;ZAISIXIANGWENHUASHANG,DENGXIAOPINGZHICHU:“SHEHUIZHUYIGUOJIABUDANYAOYOUGAODUDEWUZHIWENMING,ERQIEYAOYOUGAODUDEJINGSHENWENMING。”[8]WOMENDANGBINGQILE“WENGE”SHIQIQINGSHIZHISHI、QINGSHIJIAOYUDEZUOFA,TICHUYAOJIAQIANGYIJIAOYU、KEXUE、WENHUA、DAODEFENGSHANGYIJIGEMINGLIXIANGDENGWEIJIBENNEIRONGDESHEHUIZHUYIJINGSHENWENMINGJIANSHE;ZAIDUIWAIZHANLVESHANG,1978NIANHOU,ZHONGGUOCONGFENGBIYUBANFENGBIDEZHUANGTAIZHUANBIANWEIJIJIDEDUIWAIKAIFANG,YICHUANGBANJINGJITEQUWEITUPOKOU,ZHUJIANXINGCHENGLEDUOCENGCI、KUANLINGYU、DIANMIANJIEHEDEDUIWAIKAIFANGGEJU,WEIGAIGEFAZHANZHURULEQIANGDADEDONGLI。

                            2. 改革发展观的调整与经验。

                          星云棋牌官网下载   20SHIJI80NIANDAIHOUQI,GAIGEKAIFANGQUDELEBUSUDECHENGJI,DANGZHONGYANGDUIGAIGEFAZHANDESILUJINXINGLEYIXIEDIAOZHENG。CONGGAIGEFAZHANDEZHANLVEGUIHUASHANGKAN,DANGDUIWOGUOSHEHUIJINGJITIZHIGAIGEMUBIAODEGOUSHEGENGJIAJUTIXIZHI,DUIGAIGEFAZHANDEJIEDUANHUAFENGENGJIAMINGQUEQINGXI。GAIGEKAIFANGYISHI,DENGXIAOPINGBIANTICHU“YOUBUZHOU、FENJIEDUANDISHIXIANXIANDAIHUAMUBIAO”DEGOUXIANG,1987NIANTAMINGQUELEFEN“SANBUZOU”SHIXIANSHEHUIZHUYIXIANDAIHUADEZHANLVEGOUXIANG,TONGGUOSHEDINGRENJUNGDPZAIBUTONGFAZHANJIEDUANDEJUTIYAOQIUDUIFAZHANMUBIAOJINXINGLIANGHUA,SHIRENMINQUNZHONGNENGGOUGENGSHENGDONG、ZHIGUANDIGANSHOUFAZHANMUBIAODESHIXIANGUOCHENG,CONGERCHONGFENDIAODONGRENMINQUNZHONGCANYUGAIGEFAZHANDEJIJIXING。CONGGAIGEFAZHANDEXIEDIAOXINGSHANGKAN,GAIGEFAZHANGUANCONGJUJIAOJINGJIYUGUANLITIZHIGAIGEXIANGDUOLINGYUGAIGEGONGTONGTUIJINZHUANBIAN。GAIGEKAIFANGHOUYIDUANSHIJIANNEI,JINGJIJIANSHECHENGWEIYIQIEGONGZUODEZHONGZHONGZHIZHONG,QITAFANGMIANDEGAIGEFAZHANZEXIANGDUIZHIHOU。1986NIAN,DENGXIAOPINGZAIZHONGYANGZHENGZHIJUCHANGWEIHUISHANGZHICHU:“GAOSIGEXIANDAIHUAYIDINGYAOYOULIANGSHOU……JINGJIJIANSHEZHEIYISHOUWOMENGAODEXIANGDANGYOUCHENGJI,DANFENGQIRUGUOHUAXIAQU,JINGJIGAOCHENGGONGYOUYOUSHENMEYIYI?HUIZAILINGYIFANGMIANBIANZHI,FAZHANXIAQUHUIXINGCHENGTANWU、DAOQIE、HUILUHENGXINGDESHIJIE。”[9]143-144ZHENDUIDANGNEIFUBAIZIZHANG、SHEHUIFENGQIXIAHUADEZHUANGKUANG,DANGZHONGYANGJIAKUAILEDUIZHENGZHI、SIXIANG、WENHUA、JIAOYUYUKEJIDENGSHEHUIFAZHANGELINGYUDEZHANLVEBUSHU,YOUQISHIZAIZHENGZHITIZHIGAIGEFANGMIAN,DANGDESHISANDAGUIDINGLEZHENGZHITIZHIGAIGEDEZHANGYUANMUBIAOYUJINQIMUBIAO,WEIGAIGEKAIFANGDECHIXUTUIJINDIANDINGLEZHONGYAODEZHENGZHIJICHU。CONGGAIGEFAZHANDEZONGSHENSHANGKAN,80NIANDAIHOUQIWULUNSHISHEHUIJINGJITIZHIGAIGEDELIDU,HAISHIDUIWAIKAIFANGDESHENDUYUGUANGDUDOUZAIZHUBUTISHENG,ZHEIYIFANGMIANSHIYOUYUZHONGGUOJINGJISHEHUIGAIGEBUDUANSHENHUADEKEGUANXUYAO,LINGYIFANGMIANSHIYOUYUGAIGEKAIFANGHOUSUOQUDEDEFEIFANCHENGJIUYICHONGFENYINZHENGLEZHEIYIWEIDAZHANLVEDEZHENGQUEXINGYUKEXUEXING。

                            DENGXIAOPINGCENGRUSHIPINGJIASHIYIJIESANZHONGQUANHUI:“YIJIUQIBANIANWOMENDANGDESHIYIJIESANZHONGQUANHUIDUIGUOQUZUOLEXITONGDEZONGJIE,TICHULEYIXILIEXINDEFANGZHENZHENGCE。ZHONGXINDIANSHICONGYIJIEJIDOUZHENGWEIGANGZHUANDAOYIFAZHANSHENGCHANLIWEIZHONGXIN,CONGFENGBIZHUANDAOKAIFANG,CONGGUSHOUCHENGGUIZHUANDAOGEFANGMIANDEGAIGE。”[9]269GAIGEFAZHANGUANJINGGUOSHEHUIZHUYIXIANDAIHUAJIANSHESHIJIANDEBUDUANJIANYANQUEZHENGLEQIZHENGQUEXINGYUKEXUEXING,CHENGWEI1978NIANYIHOUZHONGGUOSHEHUIFAZHANDEZHUYAOSILU。20SHIJIMO,JIANGZEMINGENGMINGQUEJIANG“GAIGE”SHANGSHENGWEIZHONGGUOSHEHUIFAZHANDEDONGLIYUANQUAN:“GAIGESHIJINGJISHEHUIFAZHANDEQIANGDADONGLI,SHIWEILEJINYIBUJIEFANGHEFAZHANSHENGCHANLI。”[10]GAIGEKAIFANGZHANLVESUIZHEZHONGGUOJINGJISHEHUIDEBUDUANFAZHAN,ZHUJIANXIANGZONGSHENYANZHAN。ZONGDELAISHUO,ZHEIYISHIQIDANGHEGUOJIADEZONGTIFAZHANSILUSHIZAIBAOZHENGSHEHUIZHUYIZHIDUBUBIANDEQIANTIXIA,YITIZHIGAIGEWEIZHUXIAN,TONGGUOBIANGEYIQIEHEJINGJIFAZHANBUXIANGSHIYINGDESHENGCHANGUANXIYUSHANGCENGJIANZHU,LAISHIYINGSHEHUIZHUYICHUJIJIEDUANDESHENGCHANLIFAZHANSHUIPINGYUSHIXIANXIANDAIHUADELISHIYAOQIU。ZAIGAIGEGUOCHENGZHONGJILEIDEZHURU“FAZHANCAISHIYINGDAOLI”“KEJISHIDIYISHENGCHANLI”“XIANFUDAIHOUFU”DENGBAOGUIJINGYAN,DUIYUKAICHUANGZHONGGUOTESEDESHEHUIZHUYIXIANDAIHUADAOLUJUYOUZHONGDAYIYI。XINSHIJIYIHOU,JINGJIDECHIXUGAOSUZENGZHANGDAILAILEYIXIEYANZHONGDESHEHUIWENTI,SHIDEDANGZHONGYANGDEFAZHANLINIANZAICIFASHENGZHUANBIAN,YOUQISHISHENGTAIHUANJINGDEYANZHONGPOHUAIYINFALEXINYIJIELINGDAOJITIDUIYUSHEHUIZHUYIXIANDAIHUAJIANSHEMOSHIDESHENKESHENGSI,FAZHANZHANLVEYEYINCICHUXIANLEYIXILIEZHONGDADIAOZHENG。

                            (三)21世纪初至党的十八大前:科学发展观

                          星云棋牌官网下载   20SHIJIMO,SUIZHEWOGUOJINGJISHEHUIFAZHAN“DIYIBU”“DIERBU”ZHANLVEMUBIAODETIQIANSHIXIAN,DANGZHONGYANGLINGDAOJITIJIUSHIXIAN“DISANBU”ZHANLVEMUBIAOZUOLEXINDEGUIHUA,ZHENDUIGAIGEKAIFANGYILAISHEHUIFAZHANCUNZAIDEZHUDUOWENTICHUTAILEYIXILIEXINDEFANGZHENZHENGCE,FENGFUBINGFAZHANLEZHONGGUOTESESHEHUIZHUYIFAZHANLILUN。

                            1. 科学发展观的确立与实践。

                            SUIZHESHEHUIZHUYISHICHANGJINGJITIZHIDECHUBUQUELI、GONGYEHUAYUCHENGZHENHUAJINCHENGJIAKUAI,WOGUOJINGJISHEHUIGAIGEZHUBUCHUJISHENCENGCIDEMAODUNYUWENTI,TIZHIGAIGEYUCHUANGXINJINRUSHENSHUIQUHEGONGJIANJIEDUAN。XINSHIJICHUZHONGGUOSHEHUIFAZHANSUOMIANLINDEWENTI,YICONG80NIANDAIDE“SHIFOUGAIGE”“RUHEGAIGE”ZHUANBIANWEI“RUHESHENHUAGAIGE”。HUJINTAOZAIJINIANGAIGEKAIFANG30ZHOUNIANDAHUISHANGZHICHU,“WOMENZAIGAIGEFAZHANWENDINGZHONGSUOMIANLINMAODUNHEWENTIDEGUIMOHEFUZAXINGSHISUOHANJIAN,WOMENZAIQIANJINZHONGSUOMIANDUIDEKUNNANHEFENGXIANYESHISUOHANJIAN。”[11]808GAIGEKAIFANGYILAI,JINGJIGAOSUZENGZHANGSUOJILEIDEYIXILIESHEHUIWENTIZHUJIANTUXIAN,BINGCHENGWEIYINGXIANGDANGDAIZHONGGUOCHIXUFAZHANDEZUAIYINSU。2003NIAN10YUE,DANGDESHILIUJIESANZHONGQUANHUIJIANG“JIANCHIYIRENWEIBEN,SHULIQUANMIAN、XIEDIAO、KECHIXUDEFAZHANGUAN,CUJINJINGJISHEHUIHERENDEQUANMIANFAZHAN”ZUOWEISHENHUAJINGJITIZHIGAIGEDEZHIDAOSIXIANGHEZHONGYAOYUANZE。HUJINTAOZAISHILIUJIESANZHONGQUANHUISHANGZHICHU:“SHULIHELUOSHIQUANMIANFAZHAN、XIEDIAOFAZHANHEKECHIXUFAZHANDEKEXUEFAZHANGUANSHIERSHIDUONIANLAIGAIGEKAIFANGSHIJIANDEJINGYANZONGJIE……YESHITUIJINQUANMIANJIANSHEXIAOKANGSHEHUIDEPOQIEYAOQIU。”[12]KEXUEFAZHANGUANYOUCIZHUBUZAIDANGZHONGYANGLINGDAOCENGXINGCHENGGUANGFANGONGSHI。KEXUEFAZHANGUANJICHENGHEFAZHANLEMAKESIZHUYIFAZHANGUAN,YAOQIUZAIJIANCHIYIRENWEIBENDEJICHUSHANG,SHIXIANJINGJISHEHUIYOUHAOYOUKUAIDEFAZHAN。QINEIRONGGAIKUOQILAI,ZHUYAOBAOHANLESANGEFANGMIAN:YISHIQIANGDIAOFAZHANSHIJIEJUEYIQIEWENTIDEGENBEN,DANGDAIZHONGGUODEFAZHANBIXUJIANCHIYIRENWEIBEN,FAZHANCHENGGUOYOUQUANTIRENMINGONGXIANG;ERSHIQIANGDIAOFAZHANDEKECHIXUXINGHEXIEDIAOXING,ZHUZHANGJINGJIYUSHEHUIXIEDIAOFAZHAN、RENYUZIRANHEXIEGONGCHU;SANSHIQIANGDIAOFAZHANDEZUIZHONGMUDEJIUSHIYAOSHIXIANRENDEQUANMIANFAZHANYUSHEHUIDEQUANMIANJINBU。

                          星云棋牌官网下载   KEXUEFAZHANGUANQUELIHOU,DANGZHONGYANGJUCIXIANHOUTUICHUYIXILIEKEXUEFAZHANZHANLVE。ZAIFAZHANFANGSHISHANG,DANGDESHILIUJIEWUZHONGQUANHUIZUOCHUJUEDING,JIANGJINGJIGONGZUODEZHELIDIANFANGDAODIAOZHENGJINGJIJIEGOUYUZHUANBIANJINGJIZENGZHANGFANGSHISHANG,MINGQUEYAOQIUSHIXIANCUFANGSHIJINGJIZENGZHANGFANGSHIXIANGJIYUEXINGJINGJIFAZHANFANGSHIZHUANBIAN,CONGZHUYAOYIKAOZENGJIATOURU、DANCHUNZHUIQIUJINGJIZENGZHANGSUDUXIANGZHUZHONGJINGJIFAZHANXIAOYI、TISHENGJINGJIFAZHANZHILIANGZHUANBIAN;ZAIFAZHANLINGYUSHANG,KEXUEFAZHANGUANBAITUOLEYIJINGJIJIANSHEWEIZHONGXINDEDANXIANGDUFAZHANMOSHI,YAOQIUSHIXIANSHEHUIZHUYIZHENGZHI、WENHUA、SHENGTAIDENGGEGELINGYUGONGTONGFAZHAN,“XINSHIJIZHONGGUODEGAIGESHIQUANMIANDEGAIGE,SHEJIJINGJI、ZHENGZHI、WENHUADENGGEGELINGYU”[11]743;ZAIFAZHANDEXIEDIAOXINGSHANG,2004NIANGUOWUYUANXIAFA《GUANYUJINYIBUTUIJINXIBUDAKAIFADERUOGANYIJIAN》,TICHUJIAQIANGXIBUHEDONG、ZHONGBUZHIJIANDEJINGJIJIAOLIUYUHEZUO,YAOQIUBADONG、ZHONGBUDEZIJIN、JISHUHERENCAIYOUSHIYUXIBUDEZIYUAN、SHICHANGYIJILAODONGLIZIYUANJIEHEQILAI,SHIXIANYOUSHIHUBU、GONGTONGFAZHAN;ZAIFAZHANDONGLISHANG,SHILIUDAYILAI,DANGZHONGYANGCONGZHONGGUOTESESHEHUIZHUYISHIYEQUANJUCHUFA,ZUOCHULEJIANSHECHUANGXINXINGGUOJIADEZHONGDAZHANLVEJUECE,TICHUWOGUOYAOZAI2020NIANJIANCHENGCHUANGXINXINGGUOJIA,SHIKEJIFAZHANCHENGWEIJINGJISHEHUIFAZHANDEYOULIZHICHENG。

                            2. 科学发展观的经验与启示。

                          星云棋牌官网下载   20SHIJIHOUBANYE,FAZHANJINGJI、GAISHANMINSHENGCHENGWEISHIJIEGEGUOYOUQISHIFAZHANZHONGGUOJIADEGONGSHI,ZAIZHEIYIGONGSHIDEJICHUSHANG,SHIJIEJINGJIZENGZHANGCHENGXIANCHUQIANSUOWEIYOUDEFANRONGJINGXIANG。DANPIANMIANZHUIQIUSHULIANGZENGJIAERHUSHILESHEHUIJINGJIJIEGOUDEHELIXINGDAOZHIBUSHAOFAZHANZHONGGUOJIADEJINGJISHEHUIFAZHANCHENGXIANJIQINGJIZHONG、JIEGOUSHIHENGDEYANGTAI。KEXUEFAZHANGUANYIMAKESIZHUYIFAZHANGUANWEIDISE,PIPANDIJICHENGLE“KECHIXUFAZHAN”“ZENGZHANGJIXIANLUN”“FENGXIANSHEHUI”YIJI“SHENGTAIXIANDAIHUA”DENGSHIJIEFAZHANLILUNZHONGDEHELIBUFEN,BINGLIZUZHONGGUOSHEHUIZHUYICHUJIJIEDUANDEJIBENGUOQINGYUYICHUANGZAOXINGDEBIANGE,SHIZHISHANGSHENGDAOLEWEIWUSHIGUANDEBIANZHENGLIXINGDEGAODU,CHENGWEIJIEJUEDANGDAIZHONGGUOFAZHANWENTIDEZHIDAOLILUN:TAYI“YOUHAOYOUKUAI”WEIHEXINYAOQIU,YIGOUJIANSHEHUIZHUYIHEXIESHEHUIWEIZHANLVERENWU,SHIWOMENDANGDUIGAIGEKAIFANG30NIANLAIJINGJISHEHUIGAOSUFAZHANSUOCHANSHENGDEYIXILIEWENTIDEXITONGXINGHUIDA,JIZHONGCHANSHILEGAONENGHAO、GAOWURANFAZHANMOSHIZHICHENGXIADEZHONGGUOXIANDAIHUADAOLUYINGGAIHEQUHECONG,YEJIDANGDAIZHONGGUO“SHIXIANSHENMEYANGDEFAZHAN”“RUHEFAZHAN”DEZHONGDAWENTI。ZAIZHONGGUOJINGJIYIJIUCHUYUGAOSUZENGZHANGDEJIEDUAN,ZHONGGUOGONGCHANDANGSHIZHONGBAOCHIZHEJUANSIWEIDEQINGXINGYISHI,SHENKEDONGXIJINGJIGAOSUZENGZHANGSUOYANGAIDESHENCENGCIWENTI,YIKEXUEDEFAZHANLINIANKAIQILEZHONGGUOJINGJISHEHUIDEZHUANXINGFAZHAN。

                            CONGRENSHILUNDEJIAODUKAN,KEXUEFAZHANGUANSHIXIANLEZHONGGUOGONGCHANDANGZAIFAZHANRENSHILUNSHANGDEZHONGDABIANGE。TABUZAIJUXIANYUGAIGEKAIFANGYILAIDEJINGJISHULIANGZENGZHANG、WUZHISHUIPINGTISHENGDEGONGLIXINGMUBIAO,GENGCONGZHEXUEGUANNIANGENGXINHESHEHUIQUANMIANJINBUDELIXINGHUAMUBIAOCHUFA,QUANFANGWEIDIHANGAILE“ZIRAN、JINGJI、SHEHUI”SANWEIFUZAXITONGDEYUNXINGGUIZEHE“RENKOU、ZIYUAN、HUANJING、FAZHAN”SIWEIYITIDEBIANZHENGGUANXI。CONGDUIJINGJIZENGZHANGDELIANGHUABIAOZHUNZHUANBIANWEIDUISHEHUIFAZHANDEZHIXINGYAOQIU,KEXUEFAZHANGUANZAIZHONGGUOSHEHUIFAZHANLISHIXINGYUGONGSHIXINGTONGYIDEJICHUSHANGZHANGXIANLEZAIFAZHANDONGLI、FAZHANZHILIANGYUFAZHANGONGPINGSANGEWEIDUDEQUANXINRENSHI,JIZAIFAZHANDONGLIWEIDUGENGQIANGDIAOFAZHANQIANLIYUFAZHANNENGLIDEKECHIXUXING,ZAIFAZHANZHILIANGWEIDUQIANGDIAOGUOMINJINGJIJIEGOUDEHELIXINGYUSHENGTAIHUANJINGDEZHICHENGNENGLI,ZAIFAZHANGONGPINGWEIDUQIANGDIAOSHEHUIFAZHANDEPUHUIXINGYIJIZIYUANGONGXIANGDEDAIJIGONGPING。KEXUEFAZHANGUANDEQUELI,BIAOZHIZHEZHONGGUOGONGCHANDANGDUISHEHUIZHUYIJIANSHEGUILV、SHEHUIFAZHANGUILV、GONGCHANDANGZHIZHENGGUILVDERENSHIDADAOLEXINDEGAODU。

                            (四)中国特色社会主义新的历史方位:新时代发展观

                          星云棋牌官网下载   2012NIANYILAI,SUIZHEZHONGGUOJINGJIYOUGAOSUZENGZHANGZHUANBIANWEIZHONGGAOSUZENGZHANG,ZHONGGUOSHEHUIFAZHANBURUXINCHANGTAI,XINDEFAZHANLINIANZAIZHEIYIGUOCHENGZHONGYUNNIANGCHANSHENG。

                            1. 新时代发展观的确立与实践。

                            SHIBADAYILAI,WOGUOJINGJISHEHUIFAZHANQUDEQUANMIANJINBU,DANYEMIANLINZHEJINGJIZENGZHANGSUDUHUANDANGQI、JIEGOUDIAOZHENGZHENTONGQIHEQIANQICIJIZHENGCEXIAOHUAQI“SANQI”DIEJIADEFUZAXINGSHI。CIWAI,ZIZHUCHUANGXINNENGLIBUZU,JINGJIFAZHANFANGSHICUFANG、CHIXUFAZHANDONGLIBUZU、LAODONGLISUZHIJIAODIDENGWENTICHENGWEIWOGUOJINGJISHEHUIQUANMIANFAZHANDEZHUYAOJIBAN。2015NIAN10YUE,XIJINPINGZAISHIBAJIEWUZHONGQUANHUISHANGSHOUCITICHU,YAOYICHUANGXIN、XIEDIAO、LVSE、KAIFANG、GONGXIANGDENGXINFAZHANLINIANZUOWEIXINJIEDUANPOJIEFAZHANNANTI、ZENGQIANGFAZHANDONGLI、HOUZHIFAZHANYOUSHIDEZHUYAOSILU。2017NIAN10YUE,DANGDESHIJIUDABAOGAOZHICHU,“BIXUJIANDINGBUYIGUANCHECHUANGXIN、XIEDIAO、LVSE、KAIFANG、GONGXIANGDEFAZHANLINIAN”[13],ZAIGUOJIAGANGLINGXINGWENJIANZHONGQUERENLEQUANMIANGUANCHELUOSHIXINFAZHANLINIANSHIXINSHIDAIZHONGGUOTESESHEHUIZHUYIBIXUJIANCHIDESHISIXIANGJIBENFANGLVEZHIYI。YI“CHUANGXIN、XIEDIAO、KAIFANG、LVSE、GONGXIANG”WUDAFAZHANLINIANWEIHEXINZHICHENGDEXINSHIDAIFAZHANGUAN,SHIYINLINGXINSHIQIZHONGGUOJINGJISHEHUIZHUANXINGFAZHANDELILUNZHINAN。XINSHIDAIFAZHANGUANDENEIZAIJIEGOUZHUYAOBAOHANSANGEBUFEN:ZAIJIAZHIZHIGUISHANG,XINSHIDAIFAZHANGUANJICHENGLEDANGZHIZHENGWEIMIN、YIRENWEIBENDEZHIZHENGLINIAN,LIZUYUXINSHIDAIRENMINMEIHAOSHENGHUOXUYAOYUBUPINGHENGBUCHONGFENFAZHANDESHEHUIZHUYAOMAODUN,JIANGYIRENMINWEIZHONGXINZUOWEIQIHEXINJIAZHIYUANZE,YISHIXIANRENMINXINGFUWEIGENBENZHIXIANGHEZUIZHONGGUISU;ZAIZHUTINEIRONGSHANG,CHUANGXINFAZHANSHIXINSHIDAIFAZHANGUANDEDONGLIXITONG,XIEDIAOFAZHANSHIXINSHIDAIFAZHANGUANDEPINGHENGXITONG,LVSEFAZHANSHIXINSHIDAIFAZHANGUANDEDAOLUXITONG,KAIFANGFAZHANSHIXINSHIDAIFAZHANGUANDEZHULIXITONG,GONGXIANGFAZHANSHIXINSHIDAIFAZHANGUANDEMUBIAOXITONG,WUDAFAZHANLINIANGONGTONGGOUCHENGXINSHIDAIFAZHANGUANDENEIRONGTIXI;ZAIFAZHANGEJUSHANG,QUANMIANTUIJINZHENGZHIJIANSHE、JINGJIJIANSHE、WENHUAJIANSHE、SHEHUIJIANSHEYIJISHENGTAIWENMINGJIANSHE,TONGCHOUXIEDIAO“WUWEIYITI”ZONGTIBUJUSHIXINSHIDAIFAZHANGUANDEZHANLVEGOUTU。

                            CONGZHUTINEIRONGKAN,WUDAFAZHANLINIANZHANGXIANLEXINSHIDAIFAZHANGUANZAIZHONGGUOTESESHEHUIZHUYIJIANSHEZHONGDEJUTISILU。DANGQIANZHONGGUOZHENGCHUYUGAOSUFAZHANXIANGGAOZHILIANGFAZHANZHUANBIANDEGUANJIANSHIQI,YIKEJICHUANGXINZHUANHUANFAZHANDONGNENG、YOUHUAJINGJIJIEGOU、TIZHENJINGJIHUOLICONGERJIANLIXIANDAIHUAJINGJITIXISHISHIXIANZHUANXINGFAZHANDEPOQIEXUYAO,DANGDESHIJIUDAMINGQUELECHUANGXINSHIYINLINGDANGDAIZHONGGUOFAZHANDEDIYIDONGLI,BINGJIANGKEJICHUANGXINNENGLISHIZUOZHONGGUOJINGJISHEHUIKECHIXUFAZHANDEZHANLVEZHICHENG。FAZHANBUPINGHENGSHIWOGUOZHANGQICUNZAIDETUCHUWENTI,ZHUYAOTUXIANYUQUYU、CHENGXIANG、JINGJIYUSHEHUIYIJIWUZHIWENMINGYUJINGSHENWENMINGDENGGUANXISHANG,XIEDIAOFAZHANQIANGDIAOFAZHANGUOCHENGZHONGDEZHENGTIXING、XITONGXINGYUQUANMIANXING,ZAIDIAOZHENGGEDIQU、GELINGYU、GECHANYEYIJIGECENGCIFAZHANGUANXIDEJICHUSHANG,CHONGFENZHANGXIANSHEHUIFAZHANDEZHENGTIXIAONENG。ZHENDUIGAIGEKAIFANGYILAIZHONGGUOJINGJISHEHUIGAOSUFAZHANDAILAIDEZIYUANHUANJINGWENTI,LVSEFAZHANGUANYAOQIUZENGQIANG“LVSHUIQINGSHANJIUSHIJINSHANYINSHAN”DESHENGTAIYISHI,TONGGUOFAZHANLVSESHENGCHANLI、ZOUXUNHUANKECHIXUDEJINGJIFAZHANDAOLU,ZHUBUJIANLIRENYUZIRANHEXIEGONGSHENGDEXIANDAIHUA。GAIGEKAIFANGDEWEIDASHIJIANCHONGFENZHENGMING,JIANCHIDUIWAIKAIFANGSHISHIXIANZHONGGUOTESESHEHUIZHUYIXIANDAIHUADEBIYOUZHILU,KAIFANGFAZHANJIUSHIYAOZAIXINDESHIDAIBEIJINGXIABUDUANSHENHUADUIWAIKAIFANGCHENGDU、TISHENGDUIWAIKAIFANGZHILIANG,GOUJIANLUHAINEIWAILIANDONG、DONGXISHUANGXIANGHUJIDEDUIWAIKAIFANGGEJU。JIANSHEQUANMIANXIAOKANG、SHIXIANGONGTONGFUYUSHISHEHUIZHUYIDEBENZHIYAOQIU,YESHIDANGQIANZHONGGUOFAZHANBIXUMIANDUIDEZHONGYAOWENTI。GONGXIANGFAZHANYUNHANZHEWEIHUSHEHUIGONGPINGZHENGYIDEJIAZHIDAOXIANG,TAJIANGGONGXIANGDELINIANSHENRUSHEHUIFAZHANDEGEGEHUANJIE、GEGEFANGMIAN,TONGGUOWANSHANFENPEIJIZHI、DIAOZHENGFENPEIGEJU,RANGGAIGEFAZHANDECHENGGUONENGGOUGENGDUOGENGGONGPINGDIHUIJIQUANTIRENMIN。

                            2. 新时代发展观的特点与启示。

                            XINSHIDAIFAZHANGUANSHIDUIGAIGEKAIFANGYILAIZHONGGUOTESESHEHUIZHUYIFAZHANGUANDEXITONGXINGZONGJIEYUZHONGDACHUANGXIN,JUYOUHONGDADEFAZHANKUANGJIA、YANMIDEFAZHANLUOJI、WUSHIDEFAZHANSILU,SHIWOMENDANGDEFAZHANGUANZOUXIANGCHENGSHUDEZHONGYAOBIAOZHI。SHOUXIAN,XINSHIDAIFAZHANGUANSHIYIGESHIJIANXINGDEFAZHANLILUN,XINSHIDAIFAZHANGUANSHIWOMENDANGZAISHENMESHISHEHUIZHUYI、ZENYANGJIANSHESHEHUIZHUYI,JIANSHESHENMEYANGDEDANG、ZENYANGJIANSHEDANG,SHIXIANSHENMEYANGDEFAZHAN、RUHEFAZHANDENGWENTIDEJICHUSHANG,DUIXINDELISHIJIEDUANFAZHANWENTIDEXINRENSHIYUXINCHENGGUO,QINEIRONGSHIDUIGAIGEKAIFANGYILAISHEHUIZHUYIJIANSHESHIJIANJINGYANDESHENKEZONGJIE,YESHIDUIXINSHIDAIZHONGGUOSHEHUIFAZHANSUQIUDESHENGDONGHUIDA;QICI,XINSHIDAIFAZHANGUANSHIYIGEXITONGXINGDEFAZHANLILUN,“CHUANGXIN、XIEDIAO、LVSE、GONGXIANG、KAIFANG”GOUCHENGLEXINSHIDAIZHONGGUOTESESHEHUIZHUYIDEWANZHENGFAZHANKUANGJIA,WUDAFAZHANLINIANXIANGHUYICUN、XIANGHUSHENTOU、XIANGHUCUJIN,SHIYIGEBIANZHENGTONGYIDEYOUJIZHENGTI;ZUIHOU,XINSHIDAIFAZHANGUANJUBEIZHANLVEXINGSIWEI,BUJINZHANGXIANLESHIXIANGONGTONGFUYUDEJIAZHIZHUIQIU,GENGSHILIZUXINSHIDAIZHONGGUOTESESHEHUIZHUYIQUANJUDE、ZHANGYUANDEZHANLVEKAOLIANG———XINSHIDAIFAZHANGUANJISHIZHILIYUJIEJUEDANGXIAZHONGGUOJINGJISHEHUIZHUANXINGFAZHANKUNJINGDEGENBENZHICE,YESHISHIXIANZHONGHUAMINZUHEXIEFAZHAN、XIEDIAOFAZHAN、YONGXUFAZHANDESHENSHENSIKAO,GENGWEIYINGDUIQUANQIUFAZHANKUNJING、GOUJIANRENLEIMINGYUNGONGTONGTITIGONGLEZHONGGUOFANGANYUZHONGGUOZHIHUI。

                          星云棋牌官网下载   RUGUOSHUOKEXUEFAZHANGUANKAIQILEZHONGGUOJINGJISHEHUIZHUANXINGFAZHANDEXUMU,NEIMEXINSHIDAIFAZHANGUANZESHIBUDUANTUIDONGJINGJISHEHUIZHUANXINGXIANGZONGSHENYANZHANDEQIANGDALILUNYINQING。SHIBADAYILAI,ZHONGGUOMIANLINZHESHEHUIFAZHANBURUXINCHANGTAIHOU“SANQI”DIEJIADEJINGJIZHUANXINGZHENTONG、“LIANGGEYIBAINIAN”FENDOUMUBIAOLISHIJIAOHUI、XINSHIDAIFENGXIANMAODUNYINHUANJIZHONGTUXIANYIJIGUOJIZHENGZHIJINGJIHUANJINGSHENKEBIANHUADENGFUZAFAZHANHUANJING,ZAIXINFAZHANLINIANZHIYINXIADEZHONGGUOJINGJISHEHUIFAZHANSUOQUDEDEYIXILIECHENGJIUCHONGFENZHANGXIANLEXINSHIDAIFAZHANGUANDEKEXUEXINGYUZHENGQUEXING。DANGDAIZHONGGUOBUJINZAIJINGJI、SHEHUI、ZHENGZHI、KEJI、SHENGTAIDENGGEGELINGYUQUDELEBUSUDEJINZHAN,GENGQIANSUOWEIYOUDIJIEJINSHIJIEWUTAIDEZHONGXIN,QIANSUOWEIYOUDIJIEJINSHIXIANZHONGHUAMINZUWEIDAFUXINGDEHONGWEIMUBIAO。XINSHIDAIFAZHANGUANSHIDUIMAKESIENGESIJINGJISHEHUIFAZHANHERENDEQUANMIANFAZHANLILUNDEDANGDAICHANSHI,TABUJINWANCHENGLEDUIMAKESIZHUYIFAZHANGUANDEJICHENGYUCHUANGXIN,YIZAIMOUZHONGCHENGDUSHANGSHIXIANLEDUIXIFANGZIBENZHUYIZHUDAODEFAZHANLINIANDEDIANFUYUCHAOYUE,JIYI“CHAOYUEZIBEN”DELVSEFAZHANGUAN、“CHAOYUEPIANSI”DEGONGXIANGFAZHANGUAN、“CHAOYUEZIWO”DEXIEDIAOFAZHANGUAN、“CHAOYUEXIAOWO”DEKAIFANGFAZHANGUANYU“CHAOYUESHAOSHUREN”DECHUANGXINFAZHANGUANDIANFULEXIFANGFAZHANLINIANZHONGDESHICHANGJINGJIJIAOTIAO、GERENZHUYIJIAOTIAO、ZIYOUZHUYIJIAOTIAOYIJIGAILIANGZHUYIJIAOTIAO[14],ERZHEIZHONGDIANFUYEBIJIANGDAILAIDUIXIFANGZIBENZHUYIFAZHANMOSHIDEQUANMIANCHAOYUE。

                            二、中国共产党发展观演变历程的基本经验

                          星云棋牌官网下载   XINZHONGGUO70NIANLAI,ZHONGGUOSHEHUIZHUYIXIANDAIHUAJIANSHEJINGLILEJINGJIHUIFUYUSHEHUIZHUYIGAIZAO、QUANMIANJIANSHEYUTANSUOSHIWU、SHINIANTINGZHIYULIANGNIANPAIHUAI、TIZHIGAIGEYUDUIWAIKAIFANG、ZHUANXINGFAZHANYUQUANMIANJINBUDENGBUTONGJIEDUAN。CONGLISHIYANJINDEWEIDUSHENSHIDANGZAITANSUOSHEHUIZHUYIXIANDAIHUADAOLUGUOCHENGZHONGDECHENGGONGYUSHIWU,NENGGOUWEISHEHUIZHUYIXIANDAIHUAQIANGGUOJIANSHETIGONGMIZUZHENGUIDEJINGYANJIAOXUN。

                            (一)价值旨归:坚持以人民为中心

                            XINZHONGGUOCHENGLIYILAI,DANGDEFAZHANGUANDEYANBIANLICHENGZAIBUTONGWEIDUZHANGXIANLEZHONGGUOSHEHUIZHUYIJIANSHESUOQUDEDEFEIFANCHENGJIU:CONGFAZHANJIEDUANSHANGKAN,ZHONGGUOGONGCHANDANGFAZHANGUANDEYANBIANJINGLILEWOGUOCONGZHANQILAI、FUQILAIZAIDAOQIANGQILAIDEBUTONGLISHIJIEDUAN,DANGDAIZHONGGUOYICONGYIGEPINQIONGLUOHOUDENONGYEGUOJIAFAZHANWEISHIJIEDIERDAJINGJITI;CONGFAZHANCENGCISHANGKAN,ZHONGGUOGONGCHANDANGFAZHANGUANDEYANBIANJINGLILECONGZHUZHONGJINGJITILIANGZENGZHANGDAOQIANGDIAOSHEHUIGELINGYUDEQUANMIANXIEDIAOFAZHAN,ZAIDAOTISHENGFAZHANZHILIANGYUYOUHUAFAZHANJIEGOUDEZHUANBIAN;CONGFAZHANZHUTIXINGXUQIUKAN,ZHONGGUOGONGCHANDANGFAZHANGUANDEYANBIANKEGUANFANYINGLERENMINQUNZHONGCONGQIUWENBAO、BENXIAOKANGZAIDAOMEIHAOSHENGHUOXUYAORIYIDUOYUANHUADEZHUANBIAN。70NIANLAI,JINGUANDANGZAISHEHUIZHUYIJIANSHEDAOLUTANSUOGUOCHENGZHONGCENGZAOYULEYIXIECUOZHEYUZUZHI,ZAIFAZHANZHANLVEDEZHIDINGGUOCHENGZHONGCENGCHUXIANLEYIXIETUOLIJUTISHEHUILISHIJIEDUANDEZHONGDASHIWU,DANZONGTIKANLAI,ZUOWEIMAKESIZHUYIZHIZHENGDANG,ZHONGGUOGONGCHANDANGZAIBUTONGFAZHANJIEDUANSUOQUELIDEJUTIDEFAZHANGUAN,DOUZHANGXIANLEYIRENMINWEIZHONGXINDEHEXINJIAZHIYUANZE,TUXIANLEWOGUOSHEHUIZHUYIGUOJIABENZHISHUXINGZAIBUTONGSHIDAIDEJUTIYAOQIU,YINCISHEHUIZHUYIJIANSHEJIBIANCHUXIANYIXIEPIANCHAHUOSHILISHISHIWU,SHIZHONGNENGGOUHUIGUIDAOZHENGQUEDEFAZHANGUIDAOSHANGLAI。“XIANDAIHUASHIYIGEBUDUANCHUANGXIN、BUDUANCHUANGZAOQIJIDEFAZHANGUOCHENG,QIGENBENDONGLILAIZIYURENDEZHUTIXINGHECHUANGZAOXINGDECHONGFENFAHUI。”[15]JIANCHIYIRENMINWEIZHONGXIN,BUJINYAOQIUDANGDEFAZHANGUANDEQUELIYUSHIJIANSHI“WEILERENMIN”,HAIYAOQIUCHONGFENFAHUIRENMINQUNZHONGDEZHUTIXINGYUCHUANGZAOXING,JI“YIKAORENMIN”:XINZHONGGUOCHENGLICHU,ZHENGZHIQUANLIDEQIANGLIGUANKONGYUTESHULISHIJIEDUANJIANGHUADEYISHIXINGTAIZAIMOUZHONGCHENGDUSHANGYIZHILERENMINZHUTIXINGDEFAHUI;GAIGEKAIFANGHOU,QUANLIXIAFANGYUSHICHANGLUOJIDEYINRUJIEFANGLERENMINQUNZHONGDEZIZHUCHUANGZAOXING,SHIDEGAIGEFAZHANGUANDEYIJIFASHEHUIZHUYIJINGJIHUOLI,CONGERZAOJIU30DUONIANJINGJIGAOSUZENGZHANGDE“ZHONGGUOQIJI”。70NIANSHEHUIZHUYIFAZHANDESHIJIANJINGYANYIJINGCHONGFENZHENGMING,ZAIRENHESHIHOUWOMENDANGDEFAZHANZHANLVEDOUXUYAOJIANCHIYIRENMINWEIZHONGXINDEJIAZHIYUANZE,JIANCHIFAZHANWEILERENMIN、FAZHANYIKAORENMIN、FAZHANCHENGGUOYOURENMINGONGXIANG。

                            (二)科学思维:“变”与“不变”的辩证统一

                            “BIAN”YU“BUBIAN”SHIZHONGGUOGAIGEFAZHANGUOCHENGZHONGBIRANYAOMIANLINDEZHONGYAOWENTI。SUOWEI“BUBIAN”,BAOHANLELIANGGEFANGMIANDENEIHAN:YISHIZAIGAIGEFAZHANGUOCHENGZHONG,SHEHUIZHUYIGUOJIADEGENBENXINGZHIYUJIBENLICHANGBUNENGGAIBIAN。70NIANLAI,DANGDEFAZHANGUANDEYANBIANGUOCHENGZHONGSHIZHONGGUANCHUANZHEYIGEHENGDINGBUBIANDEZHUTI,ZHEIJIUSHIJIANCHIHEWANSHANSHEHUIZHUYIZHIDU。JIANCHISHEHUIZHUYIGENBENXINGZHIBUNENGBIAN,HANKUOLEZHENGZHILINGYUZHONGRENMINDANGJIAZUOZHUDEDIWEIBUNENGBIAN、JINGJILINGYUZHONGGONGYOUZHIJINGJIDEZHUTIDIWEIBUNENGBIAN、WENHUALINGYUZHONGWENHUAFUWUYUDAZHONGDELICHANGBUNENGBIAN、SIXIANGLINGYUZHONGJIANCHIMAKESIZHUYIYISHIXINGTAIZHUDAODIWEIBUNENGBIANDENGDENG。ERSHIYAOJIANCHIZHONGGUOGONGCHANDANGDELINGDAODIWEIBUNENGBIAN。ZHONGGUOGONGCHANDANGSHIDANGDAIZHONGGUOWEIYIDEZHIZHENGDANG,ZHEISHILISHIDEBIRANYESHIRENMINDEXUANZE。DANGDAIZHONGGUOFAZHANGUANZAIBUTONGWEIDUZHANGXIANLEDANGZHIZHENGDELUNLIYAOQIUYUGUOJIAZHILIZHIJIANDENEIZAILUOJIQIHE,SHEHUIFAZHANDEJIBENQINGKUANGQUJUEYUZHANGWOGUOJIAZHENGZHIQUANLIDEDANGDEYIZHI、DANGDELINGDAODEZHIXINGGUANCHEQINGKUANG,DANGDELINGDAOSHIZHONGGUOTESESHEHUIZHUYIXINGWENZHIYUANDEZHENGZHIQIANTIHEGENBENBAOZHENG。DANJIBENLICHANGDE“BUBIAN”BINGBUYIWEIZHEZAISHEHUIZHUYIFAZHANGUOCHENGZHONGMOSHOUCHENGGUI、BUNENGYOUSIHAOGAIGEBIANHUA。XINZHONGGUOCHENGLIYILAIDEMOUXIELISHIJIEDUAN,ZHENGSHIYOUYUSIXIANGYUTIZHIDEJIANGHUA,SHIDESHEHUIZHUYIJIANSHEZAOYULEZHONGDACUOZHE。XINZHONGGUOCHENGLIZHICHU,SHOUQIANGLIEDEZHENGZHIYISHIXINGTAIYUZHUYAOLINGDAORENZHUGUANYUANWANGDEYINGXIANG,JIJINSHIDEGEMINGGAIZAOCHENGWEIZHANJUZHUDAODEFAZHANLUOJI,QUNZHONGDONGYUANYUZHENGZHIQIANGZHIZESHIXIANGYINGDEZHENGCEGONGJU,ZHEIZHONGBUHESHIYIDEFAZHANLINIANZUIZHONGDAOZHILESHEHUIZHUYITANSUODEZHONGDASHIWU;SHINIAN“WENGE”JIESHUHOU,YOUYU“YIJIEJIDOUZHENGWEIGANG”YU“LIANGGEFANSHI”FANGZHENDEYANXU,DANGNEIBUFENLINGDAORENMEINENGJISHIRENQINGGUONEIWAIFAZHANXINGSHIDEXINBIANHUA,ZHISHI1976-1978LIANGNIANJIANGUOJIAJIANSHEZAIPAIHUAIZHONGHUANMANQIANXING。SUOWEIDE“BIAN”,JIUSHIYAOJIEHEZHONGGUOSHEHUIFAZHANDEJUTIJIEDUAN,ZAIJIANSHOUJIBENLICHANGDEQIANTIXIAGAIGEYIQIEBUSHIHEJINGJISHEHUIFAZHANDESHENGCHANGUANXIYUSHANGCENGJIANZHU。1978NIANYIHOU,SHISHIQIUSHIDEYUANZEZHONGXINQUELI,ZAIJIANCHI“SIXIANGJIBENYUANZE”DEJICHUSHANG,SHEHUIZHUYITIZHIGAIGECHENGWEIZHUYAOFAZHANLUOJI,QUANLIXIAFANGYUSHICHANGHUAZESHIXIANGYINGDEZHENGCEGONGJU。GAIGEKAIFANGZHEIYIWEIDAZHANLVEZUIZHONGZAOJIULEZHONGGUOJINGJISHEHUIFAZHANDELISHIXINGCHENGJIU,YEYIZHONGGUOTESESHEHUIZHUYIDECHENGGONGSHIJIANSHENKEJIESHILE“SUOWEI‘SHEHUIZHUYISHEHUI’BUSHIYIZHONGYICHENGBUBIANDEDONGXI,ERYINGDANGHERENHEQITASHEHUIZHIDUYIYANG,BATAKANCHENGSHIJINGCHANGBIANHUAHEGAIGEDESHEHUI”[16]。XUYAOZHUYIDESHI,ZAIJINGJISHEHUITIZHIGAIGEZHI“BIAN”ZHONG,YINGDANGSHIZHONGMINGQUEGAIGEDESHEHUIZHUYIFANGXIANG,YONGBAOGAIGEFAZHANDEXINGZHIBUTUNSE,ZAICIJICHUSHANGBUDUANDIAOZHENGFAZHANLINIANYUZHANLVE,FANGNENGSHIDEZHONGGUOTESESHEHUIZHUYIJIANSHEZHUOYOUCHENGXIAO、XINGWENZHIYUAN。

                            (三)基本方法:理论与实践相结合

                            “GUANNIANDEDONGXIBUWAISHIYIRURENDETOUNAOBINGZAIRENDETOUNAOZHONGGAIZAOGUODEWUZHIDEDONGXIERYI。”[17]RENHEGUANNIANDEXINGCHENGDOULIBUKAIQIZHUKEGUANTIAOJIAN,DANGDEFAZHANGUANYISHIRUCI。ZIXINZHONGGUOCHENGLIYILAI,ZHONGGUOGONGCHANDANGSHIZHONGZAITANSUOYITIAOSHIHEZHONGGUOGUOQINGDEFAZHANDAOLU,ZHEIYIGUOCHENGZHONGJIYOULILUNSHANGDEBUDUANCHUANGXIN,YEYOUSHIJIANSHANGDECHIXUTUIJIN。CONGZHUGUANHUOLILUNDEWEIDUKAN,YIFANGMIAN,DANGDEFAZHANLINIANYANJINGUOCHENGZHONG,BUDUANSHENHUADUIMAKESIZHUYIJINGJISHEHUIFAZHANLILUNYURENDEQUANMIANFAZHANLILUNDERENSHI,MAKESIZHUYIFAZHANGUANSHIZHONGSHIZHONGGUOGONGCHANDANGFAZHANGUANDEGENBENLILUNLAIYUAN;LINGYIFANGMIAN,ZI20SHIJI50NIANDAIYILAI,SHIJIEFAZHANLILUNJINGLILE“JINGJIZENGZHANGLUN”“ZENGZHANGJIXIANLUN”“WUJIXIANZENGZHANGLUN”“KECHIXUFAZHANLUN”“SHENGTAIXIANDAIHUA”DEYANBIANGUOCHENG,ZHEIXIEFAZHANLILUNWEIDANGDAIZHONGGUOFAZHANGUANDEXINGCHENGTIGONGLEZHONGYAODELILUNJIEJIAN,DUIZHONGGUOTESESHEHUIZHUYIXIANDAIHUADAOLUDEQUELIQIDAOLEZHONGYAODECUJINZUOYONG。CONGKEGUANHUOSHIJIANDEJIAODUKAN,YIFANGMIAN,WOMENDANGDEFAZHANLINIANDEQUELILIBUKAIDUIJUTILISHIJIEDUANZHONGGUOSHEHUIZHUYAOMAODUNDEJIBENPANDUAN:CONGXINZHONGGUOCHENGLIZHICHU“RENMINDUIJIANLIXIANJINGONGYEGUODEXUYAOYULUOHOUNONGYEGUOXIANSHIZHIJIANDEMAODUN”,DAOGAIGEKAIFANGHOU“RENMINRIYIZENGZHANGDEWUZHIWENHUAXUYAOYULUOHOUDESHEHUISHENGCHANZHIJIANDEMAODUN”,ZAIDAOXINSHIDAI“RENMINRIYIZENGZHANGDEMEIHAOSHENGHUOXUYAOHEBUPINGHENGBUCHONGFENFAZHANZHIJIANDEMAODUN”,ZHEIXIEPANDUANFANYINGLEWOMENDANGZAIFAZHANZHANLVEDEXUANZESHANGCHONGFENKAOLVLEGEGELISHIJIEDUANDEJIBENGUOQINGYIJISHEHUIFAZHANDEZONGTITAISHI;LINGYIFANGMIAN,CONGCHUQIJIEJIANSULIANYOUXIANFAZHANZHONGGONGYEDEMOSHI,DAOGAIGEKAIFANGHOUXISHOUJIEJIANXIFANGXIANJINKEJICHENGGUOYUGUANLIJINGYAN,ZAIDAOWOMENDANGZHUBUQUELIZHONGGUOTESESHEHUIZHUYISHICHANGJINGJIMOSHI、XINGCHENGZHONGGUOTESEDESHEHUIZHUYIXIANDAIHUADAOLU,ZHONGGUOGONGCHANDANGDEFAZHANGUANZAISHEHUIZHUYIJIANSHESHIJIANTANSUOZHONGBUDUANDIJIEJIANRONGHE,ZUIZHONGSHIXIANLEZIWOFAZHANDAOLUDECHUANGXINYUCHAOYUE。ENGESICENGZHICHU,“LISHIGUOCHENGZHONGDEJUEDINGYINSUGUIGENDAODISHIXIANSHISHENGHUODESHENGCHANHEZAISHENGCHAN。”[18]YINCI,WULUNSHIXIANZAIHAISHIWEILAIDEZHONGGUOTESESHEHUIZHUYIJIANSHE,WOMENDANGDOUYAOSHIZHONGYIMAKESIZHUYIFAZHANLILUNWEIDISE,JIANCHIZAISHEHUIZHUYISHIJIANZHONGBUDUANFENGFUHEFAZHANDANGDEFAZHANLINIAN,JIANGJIEFANGYUFAZHANSHENGCHANLIZUOWEIZHONGGUOTESESHEHUIZHUYIDEHEXINMINGTI,JIANGRENDEQUANMIANFAZHANZUOWEIQUELIFAZHANGUANDEZUIGAOBIAOZHUN,JINERSHIXIANSHENGCHANLICHIXUFAZHAN、SHEHUIQUANMIANJINBUYIJIRENDEQUANMIANFAZHANSANZHEYOUJITONGYI。

                            (四)战略环境:统筹国内国际两个大局

                            MAKESIZAI《DEYIZHIYISHIXINGTAI》ZHONGTICHULE“LISHIXIANGSHIJIELISHIZHUANXIANG”[19]ZHEIYIJINGDIANMINGTI,KEXUEYUCELERENLEILISHIYOUMINZU、QUYUXINGXIANGQUANRENLEI、SHIJIEXINGZHUANBIANDEFAZHANQUSHI。RENLEILISHIFAZHANDESHIJIEXINGQUSHIGOUCHENGLEDANGDAIZHONGGUOFAZHANZHANLVEHUANJINGDEJICHUTIAOJIAN,JIZHONGGUODEFAZHANBIXUTONGCHOUHAOGUONEIGUOJILIANGGEDAJU。DANGDAIZHONGGUODEFAZHANSHIZAIGUOJIGUONEILIANGGELISHIXINGJINCHENGXIANGHUJIAOZHIXIAXIANGQIANTUIJINDE,GUOJIZHANLVEHUANJINGDEBIANHUA,YINGXIANGZHEZHONGGUOTESESHEHUIZHUYIXIANDAIHUAJIANSHEDELISHIJINCHENG。SHENSHI70NIANLAIZHONGGUOSHEHUIZHUYIFAZHANDELISHIBIANBUNANFAXIAN,ZHONGGUODEGUOJIDIWEIYUESHITISHENG,ZHONGGUODEFAZHANYUESHIYUGUOJIZHANLVEHUANJINGJINMIXIANGLIAN:CONGXINZHONGGUOCHENGLICHUJIANSHOUSHEHUIZHUYIZHENYINGSHIXING“YIBIANDAO”ZHENGCE、70NIANDAIMOBAWOSHIJIEHEPINGFAZHANJIYUTUIXINGGAIGEKAIFANGZHANLVE、20SHIJICHUJIARUSHIJIEMAOYIZUZHICANYUQUANQIUJINGZHENG,ZAIDAOXIANRUJINDE“YIDAIYILU”YUYATOUXINGJIANSHE,ZHONGGUOGONGCHANDANGFAZHANZHANLVEDEZHIDINGSHIZHONGYUSHIJIEZHANLVEHUANJINGDEBIANHUAXIXIXIANGGUAN,ZHONGGUOGONGCHANDANGFAZHANGUANDEFAREN、YANBIANYUCHENGSHUYULIJIEDANGDELINGDAOJITIDUISHIJIEFAZHANXINGSHIDESHENKEDONGCHAMIBUKEFEN。CONGZHONGGUODEZISHENFAZHANKAN,TONGCHOUGUOJIGUONEILIANGGEDAJU,YAOQIUWOMENDANGLIZUYUGUONEIWAIDEGEZHONGZHANLVEJIYUYUTIAOZHAN,ZHIDINGHEHUZISHENFAZHANXUYAODEFANGZHENZHENGCE。XIJINPINGZHICHU:“DANGDAIZHONGGUODEWEIDASHEHUIBIANGE,BUSHIJIANDANYANXUWOGUOLISHIWENHUADEMUBAN,BUSHIJIANDANTAOYONGMAKESIZHUYIJINGDIANZUOJIASHEXIANGDEMOBAN,BUSHIQITAGUOJIASHEHUIZHUYISHIJIANDEZAIBAN,YEBUSHIGUOWAIXIANDAIHUAFAZHANDEFANBAN。”[20]DANGJINGUOJIXINGSHIFENGYUNBIANHUAN,ZHIYOUSHENKEDONGXIGUONEIWAIZHANLVEHUANJINGDEFUZABIANHUA,CAINENGGOUYINSHIZHIYI、YINSHILIDAODIZHIDINGFUHEWOGUOGUOQINGXUYAODEFAZHANZHANLVE。YOUQISHIZAIZHONGGUOJIJIANGSHIXIAN“LIANGGEYIBAINIAN”FENDOUMUBIAODEGUANJIANSHIQI,SHOUDAOLAIZIOUMEIDENGYIXIEXIFANGGUOJIADEZHANLVEZHIHENG,ZHEIQIZHONGJIYOUYIGUOJIAANQUANWEIMINGSHIXINGGUANSHUIYUMAOYIBILEIDEJINGJISHOUDUAN,YEYOUJIERENQUAN、MINZU、ZONGJIAODENGWENTICUBAOGANSHEWOGUONEIZHENGDEZHENGZHICAONONG,ZHONGGUOGONGCHANDANGGENGXUYAOZAITONGCHOUGUONEIWAILIANGGEDAJUDEJICHUSHANG,YILIXINGSHENSHENDEHONGGUANSHIYEKANPOXIFANG“GUOQIANGBIBA”“LINGHEBOYI”DESIWEIXIANJING,YICONGRONGBUPODEZITAIJIANCHIZOUDULIZIZHUDEXIANDAIHUAFAZHANDAOLU。

                            三、中国共产党发展观创新与实践的世界意义

                            XIJINPINGZAI2019NIANYAZHOUWENMINGDUIHUADAHUISHANGZHICHU:“JINRIZHIZHONGGUOBUJINSHIZHONGGUOZHIZHONGGUO,ERQIESHIYAZHOUZHIZHONGGUO,SHIJIEZHIZHONGGUO。”[21]DANGDAIZHONGGUODEFAZHANYIJINGCHAOCHULEMINZUGUOJIADEDILIFANCHOU,SUIZHEQUANQIUHUAJINCHENGDEBUDUANJIASU,ZHONGGUOYIQIANSUOWEIYOUDEZHENGZHIJINGJIYINGXIANGLI,BUDUANJIEJINSHIJIEWUTAIDEZHONGYANG。ZHONGGUODEFAZHANLINIANJIQISHIJIAN,DUISHIJIEGEGUOFAZHANDAOLUDEXUANZE、DUIGUOJIZHILIZHIXUBIANGECHANSHENGZHESHENKEDEYINGXIANG。

                            (一)为发展中国家走独立自主的现代化道路提供了重要借鉴

                          星云棋牌官网下载   20SHIJI90NIANDAICHU,SULIANJIETIHOU,GUOJISHEHUIZHUYIYUNDONGXIANRUDICHAO,“LISHIZHONGJIELUN”“SHEHUIZHUYIZHIDUSHIBAILUN”YIDUZHANJUGUOJIZHULIUYULUN,CHENGWEIXIFANGXUEJIEPUBIANRENTONGDEGUANDIAN。SULIANJIETIYUDONGOUJUBIANDEYUANYINSHIFUZADE,DANMEINENGZHAODAOSHIHEBENGUOGUOQINGDESHEHUIZHUYIFAZHANDAOLUSHIQIZOUXIANGSHIBAIDEZHONGYAOYINSU。ZAICIBEIJINGZHIXIA,YOUZIBENLUOJIZHUDAODEXIFANGZIBENZHUYIJINGZHENGSHIXIANDAIHUAMOSHISIHUCHENGWEIDANGJINSHIJIEGEGUOSHIXIANXIANDAIHUADEWEIYIXUANZE,BINGZHUJIANJIANGRENMENDUIYUXIANDAIHUADAOLUDERENZHIGUDINGHUA。DANCONGSHIJIEGEHOUFAGONGYEHUAGUOJIADEXIANDAIHUAJIANSHESHIJILAIKAN,WULUNSHICENGJINGDEHANGUO、XINJIAPO,HAISHIRENJUNGDPYIDUDADAOZHONGDENGFADAGUOJIASHUIPINGDEBAXI、AGENTINGDENGNANMEIGUOJIA,DOUCENGZAISHIXIANXIANDAIHUAJINCHENGTUZHONGZAOYU“ZHONGDENGSHOURUXIANJING”HUOSHENXIANJINGJIYUJINRONGWEIJI,YIXIEGUOJIAHEDIQUSHENZHIYINYIFUYUXIFANG“ZHONGXINGUOJIA”CHENGWEISHOUQIZHIPEIDE“WAIWEIGUOJIA”ERZUIZHONGSANGSHILEGUOJIADULIXING。HUANERYANZHI,“ZAIXIFANGZIBENZHUYIJINRONGBAQUANTONGZHISHIJIEDELISHITIAOJIANXIA,MEIYOUDULIZIZHUDEZHIDUHEDAOLUXUANZEDEYIFUXINGFAZHANSHIMEIYOUCHULUDE。”[22]

                            ZHONGGUOGONGCHANDANGFAZHANLINIANZOUXIANGCHENGSHUDEGUOCHENGQIAQIAYUXIFANGXINZIYOUZHUYIFAZHANGUANZAIQUANQIUFANWEINEIXIANRUKUNJINGSHITONGSHIZHANKAIDE。ZHONGGUOGONGCHANDANGFAZHANLINIANDECHUANGXINYUCHENGGONGSHIJIAN,YIJIYOUCIKAICHUANGDEZHONGGUOTESESHEHUIZHUYIXIANDAIHUADAOLU,TUPOLEXIFANGYIYUANHUAXIANDAIXINGFANSHI,SHIDUIXIFANGXIANDAIHUADAOLUZHIWAIDEQUANXINXIANDAIHUAFANXINGDECHENGGONGTANSUO。ZHONGGUOXIANDAIHUADAOLUDETESHUXINGZAIYU,TASHIZHONGGUORENMINZAIJIANCHIMAKESIZHUYIFAZHANLILUNDEJICHUSHANG,JIEHEZHONGGUOTESHUDELISHITIAOJIAN、JUTIGUOQINGYIJIFAZHANXINGSHISUOJINXINGDEDULIZIZHUDEXIANDAIHUADAOLUDETANSUOYUCHANGSHI。ZHONGGUOTESESHEHUIZHUYISHIJIANDEJUDACHENGGONGYECHONGFENCHANMING,DANGJINSHIJIESUOMIANLINDEQUANQIUXINGFAZHANKUNJINGBINGBUSHIQUANRENLEIDEFAZHANWEIJI,ERSHIXIFANGZHUDAODEZIBENZHUYIXIANDAIHUADAOLUDEWEIJI。XIFANGWENMINGBUSHIXIANDAIHUADEDAIMINGCI,GENGBUSHISHIXIANGUOJIAXIANDAIHUADEWEIYIXUANZE。ZHONGGUOXIANDAIHUADAOLUTANSUODECHUBUCHENGGONG,WEIGUANGDAFAZHANZHONGGUOJIABAITUODUIZIBENZHUYIXIANDAIHUAMOSHIDE“LUJINGYILAI”、ZOUSHANGDULIZIZHUDEFAZHANDAOLUTIGONGLEZHONGYAOFANBEN,“WEIRENLEIDUIGENGHAOSHEHUIZHIDUDETANSUOTIGONGLEZHONGGUOFANGAN”[23]。ZHONGGUOZAISHEHUIZHUYIXIANDAIHUADAOLUTANSUOGUOCHENGZHONGXINGCHENGDESHEHUIZHUYISHICHANGJINGJITIZHI、KEXUEFAZHANGUAN、RENYUZIRANHEXIEGONGSHENGDEXIANDAIHUA、YIRENMINWEIZHONGXIN、CHUANGXINXINGGUOJIAJIANSHEDENGZHONGYAOLILUNYUSHIJIAN,YINENGGOUWEIQITAFAZHANZHONGGUOJIADEXIANDAIHUAJIANSHETIGONGZHUDUOKEZIJIEJIANDEBAOGUIJINGYAN。

                            (二)为构建更加公正合理的国际治理新秩序提供了中国智慧

                          星云棋牌官网下载   ZIYINGGUOGONGYEGEMINGKAIQISHIJIEXIANDAIHUAJINCHENGYILAI,RENLEISHEHUIJINGLILEZIYOUZIBENZHUYI、LONGDUANZIBENZHUYI、LIANGCISHIJIEDAZHAN、MEISULENGZHAN,ZUIZHONGYINGLAIQUANQIUHUAZHUANXINGXINSHIQI。“ZONGGUANJINDAIYILAIDELISHI,JIANLIGONGZHENGHELIDEGUOJIZHIXUSHIRENLEIZIZIYIQIUDEMUBIAO”[24],DANFANGUANDANGXIA,XIFANGZHUDAODEGUOJIZHILIZHIXURENGJIUZHANJUZHEZHUDAODIWEI,“XINZIYOUZHUYIYIHANWEIPUBIANZIYOUWEIMING,CHENGWEIJINSISHINIANLAISHIJIEJINGJIFAZHANDEYISHIXINGTAI,CONGERBANGZIBENZHUYIJIANLILEYIGEGENGJIAYINMIDEDENGJISHIJIETIXI。”[25]SHIJIANYICHONGFENZHENGMING,XIFANGGUOJIASUOTUICHONGDEXINZIYOUZHUYIZAIQUANQIUZHILIZHONGBINGBUNENGCONGGENBENSHANGJIEJUEZHURUNANBEISHIHENG、HUANJINGWURAN、KONGBUZHUYI、QIHOUBIANHUA、ZIYUANDUANQUEDENGQUANQIUXINGWENTI,QIZUIZHONGJIEGUOZHUDINGZHISHITONGGUOXISHENGDADUOSHUGUOJIADELIYISHIXIANXIFANGDAZIBENZHEDE“BAOLIXINGLVEDUO”,ZHUBUJIANLIQIZHONGXIN—BIANYUANJIEGOUDEBOXUELIANTIAO,CONGERSHIDEHOUFAGONGYEHUAGUOJIADEJINGJIMINGMAISHOUZHIBINGYIFUYUFADAGUOJIA[26]。XINZHONGGUOZICHENGLIYILAI,QIFAZHANLINIANZHONGJIUNEIHANZHEBAORONGXIEZUO、HULIGONGYING、YUSHIJIEGONGTONGFAZHANDEJIAZHIDAOXIANG。ZHONGGUODEFAZHANCONGBUYIXISHENGSHIJIERENHEGUOJIADEFAZHANWEIDAIJIA,YIWEICENGQIANGPORENHEGUOJIAJIESHOUZHONGGUODEFAZHANDAOLU。ZHENGRUXIJINPINGZAI2017NIANDAWOSIJINGJILUNTANSHANGSUOZHICHUDE:“TIAOTIAODALUTONGLUOMA。SHEIDOUBUYINGGAIBAZIJIDEFAZHANDAOLUDINGWEIYIZUN,GENGBUYINGGAIBAZIJIDEFAZHANDAOLUQIANGJIAYUREN。”[27]

                            DANGQIANQUANQIUZHILITIXIZHENGCHUYUZHUANXINGDEGUANJIANQI,“ZHEIYIZHUANXINGYOUQUANQIUFAZHANTIXIQUANLIJIEGOUDEBIANGE、XINDEFAZHANTIAOZHANHEXINDEQUANQIUFAZHANYICHENGGONGTONGTUIDONG,QIZHONGXINXINGJINGJITIDEJUEQISHIZHONGYAOYUANYIN。”[28]ZUOWEISHIJIEZUIDAXINXINGJINGJITIDEYINLINGZHE,ZHONGGUOGONGCHANDANGFACHU“ZHONGGUOYINGGAIDUIRENLEISHEHUIYOUGENGDADEGONGXIAN,GENGDADEDANDANG”DESHIDAIQIANGYIN,TICHULEGOUJIANRENLEIMINGYUNGONGTONGTIDEZHUZHANG。ZHEIBUJINSHIDUIQUANQIUZHILIZHIXUBIANGEDESHENSUISHENSI,YEZHANGXIANLEDANGDAIZHONGGUOYINLINGSHIJIELISHIJINCHENGDELILUNZIJUE。RENLEIMINGYUNGONGTONGTILINIANJIQISHIJIAN,SHIDUIQUANQIUHUAJINCHENGZHONGDEXINZIYOUZHUYILINIANDEGENGZHANG,SHIZIBENLUOJIZHUDAOXIADEGUOJIZHENGZHIJINGJIZHIXUDETIDAIXINGFANGAN:JIYULINIANDEWEIDUKAN,RENLEIMINGYUNGONGTONGTIYIGUOYUGUOZHIJIANPINGXINGJIEGOUDEHUOBANGUANXIWEIJICHU,SHIYIZHONGJIYUGONGSHANGGONGJIANGONGXIANGYUANZEDEZHENSHI、PINGDENG、HULIDEZHENZHENGGONGTONGTI,TAZHUZHANG“ZUNZHONGGEGUORENMINZIZHUXUANZEFAZHANDAOLUDEQUANLI,CHANGDAOGUOJIGUANXIMINZHUHUA,FANDUIBAZIJIDEYIZHIQIANGJIAYUREN,FANDUIGANSHEBIEGUONEIZHENG,FANDUIYIQIANGLINGRUO”[29],CONGERTUIDONGJIANSHEXIANGHUZUNZHONG、GONGPINGZHENGYI、HEZUOGONGYINGDEXINXINGGUOJIGUANXI,SHIXIAN“CHIJIUHEPING、PUBIANANQUAN、GONGTONGFANRONG、KAIFANGBAORONG、QINGJIEMEILIDESHIJIE”[30];CONGSHIJIANDEJIAODUKAN,WULUNSHI“YIDAIYILU”、YATOUXINGHEJINZHUANYINXINGJIANSHE,HAISHIYADINGWANWEIHEHUHANGXINGDONG,YIHUOSHIJIJIDIJIEBINGLVXING《BALIQIHOUXIEDING》,ZHONGGUOYIZAIGEGELINGYUCHANGDAOGOUJIANRENLEIMINGYUNGONGTONGTIDESHIJIXINGDONG,CHONGFENZHANGXIANLETUIDONGJIANLIGENGJIAGONGZHENGHELIDEQUANQIUZHILIZHIXUDEJUEXINYUNULI。RENLEIMINGYUNGONGTONGTIJICHENGLEMAKESI“ZHENZHENGGONGTONGTI”SIXIANG,ZHIGENYUZHONGGUOCHUANTONGWENHUADESHENHOUTURANG,SHIDANGDAIZHONGGUOFAZHANGUANCHUANGXINYUSHIJIANDEZHIHUIJIEJING,SHIZHONGGUOGONGCHANDANGDUI“JIANSHESHENMEYANGDESHIJIE”“RUHEJIANSHESHIJIE”DECHUANGZAOXINGHUIDA,WEIGOUJIANDUOYANGHUA、BAORONGXINGDESHIJIEWENMINGYANGTAIYIJITUIDONGQUANQIUZHILITIXIBIANGETIGONGLEZHONGGUOFANGANYUZHIHUI。

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