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                                    创新、协调、绿色、开放、共享理念对毛泽东发展观的延展

                                    时间:2018-12-18 来源:经济研究导刊 作者:桑延海 本文字数:3667字

                                      摘    要: 习近平在对毛泽东的发展观继承、创新和发展的基础上,提出了创新、协调、绿色、开放、共享五大“新发展理念”,其不仅是中国在今后长期遵循的发展理念,而且是对世界解决全球性问题所贡献出的智慧。坚持新发展理念,就必须坚持以人民为中心的发展理念,必须树立人类命运共同体理念,必须树立生态文明理念。

                                      关键词: 习近平; 新发展理念; 毛泽东; 继承; 发展;

                                      一、创新:作为发展的本质从朴素到科学

                                    星云棋牌官网下载   ZHONGGUOGONGCHANDANGZUIXIANMINGDETEZHENG,JIUSHIBUDUANDIJIANGMAKESIZHUYIJIBENYUANLI,TONGZHONGGUODEJUTISHIJIXIANGJIEHE,YEJIUSHISHIXIANMAKESIZHUYIZHONGGUOHUA,YIJIYOULILUNCHUANGXINZHIDAOSHIJIANCHUANGXIN。CONG1938NIAN10YUEMAOZEDONGTICHU“SHIMAKESIZHUYIZAIZHONGGUOJUTIHUA”DEMINGTIYILAI,CHUANGXINXINGHEXIANJINXINGJIUCHENGWEILEZHONGGUOGONGCHANDANGDEJIBENSHUXINGZHIYI,JIYIGEFAZHANDEZHENGDANG。CONG“LUNSHIDAGUANXI”DAO“KEXUEFAZHANGUAN”,ZAIDAO“XINFAZHANLINIAN”,DANGBUDUANCHUANGXINHEFENGFUZIJIDEFAZHANLINIAN,BUDUANDIZAISHIJIANZHONGZHENGMINGZIJISHIYIGEMAKESIZHUYIZHENGDANG。TONGSHI,ZHEIYEBIAOZHIZHEZHONGGUOGONGCHANDANGDUI“FAZHANGUAN”DEZHONGDALILUNTUPO,JIZHENZHENGSHIXIANLE“FAZHANGUAN”CONGPOSUDAOKEXUEDEFEIYUE。

                                    星云棋牌官网下载   MAOZEDONGSUIRANMEIYOUMINGQUETICHU“CHUANGXIN”ZHEIYIGAINIAN,DANSHITABISHENGDOUSHIBUDUANDIJINXINGZHELILUNCHUANGXINHESHIJIANCHUANGXIN。MAOZEDONGZUIZAOJIECHUDEMAKESIZHUYIZHEZUOJIUSHI《GONGCHANDANGXUANYAN》,TAJIESHOUBINGRENZHENFENXILEJIEJIDOUZHENGDUILISHIFAZHANDEZHONGYAOZUOYONG,SHULILEMAKESIZHUYISHIJIEGUAN,BINGZHILIYUMAKESIZHUYIZHONGGUOHUA。ZAITUDIGEMINGSHIQI,MAOZEDONGTONGGUOQIZHEZUO《ZHONGGUOHONGSEZHENGQUANWEISHENMENENGGOUCUNZAI?》FENXILEZHONGGUOGEMINGDEJUTISHIJI,CHUANGXINXINGDITICHU“NONGCUNBAOWEICHENGSHI”HE“WUZHUANGDUOQUZHENGQUAN”DEXINMINZHUZHUYIGEMINGDAOLU。ZAILILUNCHUANGXINFANGMIAN,MAOZEDONGJIJIDETANSUOMAOKESIZHUYIZHONGGUOHUA。TAZAI1938NIAN10YUEDELIUJIELIUZHONGQUANHUIDE《XINJIEDUANLUN》BAOGAOSHANGMINGQUEDIZHICHU,“MAKESILIENINGZHUYIDEWEIDALILIANG,JIUZAIYUTASHIHEGEGEGUOJIAJUTIDEGEMINGSHIJIANXIANGLIANXIDE……LIKAIZHONGGUOTEDIANLAITANMAKESIZHUYI,ZHISHICHOUXIANGDEKONGDONGDEMAKESIZHUYI”,YAO“SHIMAKESIZHUYIZAIZHONGGUOJUTIHUA”[1]。MAOZEDONGZAI1941NIAN10YUEDE《FANDUIZHUGUANZHUYIHEZONGPAIZHUYI》ZHONGYOUTICHU:“SHIZHONGGUOGEMINGFENGFUDESHIJIMAKESIZHUYIHUA。”ZHEIYANG,MAOZEDONGTONGGUO“SHIMAKESIZHUYIZAIZHONGGUOJUTIHUA”HE“SHIZHONGGUOGEMINGFENGFUDESHIJIMAKESIZHUYIHUA”LIANGGEMINGTIJIBENSHANGQUELILEZHONGGUOGONGCHANDANG“MAKESIZHUYIZHONGGUOHUA”DESHIMING,CONGERYEQUELILECHUANGXINXINGHEXIANJINXINGWEIDANGDEJIBENSHUXING,YAOQIUDANGBUDUANDIJINXINGLILUNCHUANGXINHESHIJIANCHUANGXIN。CIWAI,MAOZEDONGZAI1937NIANTONGGUO《SHIJIANLUN》《MAODUNLUN》CHUANGLIDESHIJIANBIANZHENGWEIWUZHUYI,WEIDANGDELILUNCHUANGXINHESHIJIANCHUANGXINTIGONGLELILUNHUADESHIJIEGUANHEFANGFALUNZHIDAO。HOULAIDESHIYIJIESANZHONGQUANHUIHOUDENGXIAOPINGTICHUDE“FAZHANCAISHIYINGDAOLI”,YIJIZAI2003NIAN7YUEHUJINTAOTICHUDE“KEXUEFAZHANGUAN”,DOUSHIZAIMAOZEDONGTICHUDE“MAKESIZHUYIZHONGGUOHUA”DESIXIANGZHIDAOXIASHIXIANDELILUNCHUANGXIN。DANSHI,ZHEIYIJIEDUANDUIYUFAZHANBENZHIDELIJIE,HAICHUYUPOSUJIEDUAN。HUJINTAOTICHU“KEXUEFAZHANGUAN”,TICHU“KEXUEFAZHANGUANDEDIYIYAOYISHIFAZHAN”。ZAIDANGDESHIQIDATICHU,GUOJIAFAZHANZHANLVEDEHEXIN,SHICHUANGXINNENGLI,CONGERJINYIBUMINGQUELEDANGZAIXINSHIQISHIXIANXINSHIMINGDEJIBENSUYANG。

                                      XIJINPINGZAIDANGDESHIBAJIEWUZHONGQUANHUISHANGSHOUCITICHU,“YAOJIANCHICHUANGXIN、XIEDIAO、LVSE、KAIFANG、GONGXIANGDEFAZHANLINIAN”,ERQIE“BIXUBACHUANGXINZUOWEIYINLINGFAZHANDEDIYIDONGLI”[2]。ZHEIBIAOZHIZHE,DANGDUI“FAZHAN”DELIJIESHIXIANLECONGPOSUDAOKEXUEDEFEIYUE,SHENKEBAWOLEFAZHANDEBENZHI。ZHIYOUCHUANGXIN,CAINENGDAPOXIANYOUDEFAZHANPINGJING,SHIXIANGENGKUAIGENGHAODEFAZHAN,ZHEIYESHIZAIMAOZEDONGCHUANGJIANDESHIJIANWEIWUZHUYIBIANZHENGFADEZHIDAOXIADESHIJIANJINGYANDELILUNGAIKUO、ZONGJIE、SHENGHUA。

                                      二、协调、绿色、开放理念对毛泽东发展观的继承与发展

                                      XIEDIAO、LVSE、KAIFANG,ZHEISHIJIANSHESHEHUIZHUYIHEFAZHANSHEHUIZHUYIDEYINGYOUZHIYI。YAOSHIXIANRENMENDEMEIHAOSHENGHUO,BIXUYAOJIANCHIXIEDIAOFAZHAN、LVSEFAZHAN。ZAIJINGJIQUANQIUHUACHIXUTUIJINDEQIANTIXIA,KAIFANGSHIWOMENWEIYIDECHULU。

                                      毛泽东虽然没有明确地提出系统的发展理念,也没有明确的发展之尺度,但是党在实践活动和理论活动中始终贯穿着协调、绿色、开放这样一种发展标准。针对苏共二十大的负面影响,毛泽东在1956年召开的中共中央政治局扩大会议上发表了重要的《论十大关系》。他指出,要“以苏为鉴”,并深刻总结我国国情,建设适合我国国情的社会主义。
                                     

                                    创新、协调、绿色、开放、共享理念对毛泽东发展观的延展
                                     

                                    星云棋牌官网下载   《LUNSHIDAGUANXI》BUDANQUANMIANDITIXIANLEFAZHANGUANDEXIEDIAO、LVSEHEKAIFANGDEBIAOZHUN,ERQIEYEGOUCHENGLEXIJINPING“XINFAZHANLINIAN”NAIZHIGAIGEKAIFANGYILAIFAZHANGUANDEZHONGYAOLILUNYUANYUAN。MAOZEDONGZAI《LUNSHIDAGUANXI》ZHONGFENXILEBAOKUODIQUZHIJIAN、CHANYEZHIJIAN、DANGNEIWAI、GUONEIWAIDENGSHEHUISHENGHUODEFANGFANGMIANMIAN,CHONGFENDITIXIANLEMAOZEDONGDUIFAZHANGUANDEXIEDIAOYUKAIFANGDERENSHIYUBAWO。MAOZEDONGDE《LUNSHIDAGUANXI》,ZHIJIEGOUCHENGLE“XINFAZHANLINIAN”DELILUNYUANQUAN。

                                      HUJINTAOZAI2003NIAN7YUE28RIDEJIANGHUAZHONG,SHOUCITICHU“KEXUEFAZHANGUAN”。“KEXUEFAZHANGUAN”DETICHU,SHIDANGDUIFAZHANGUANDEDIYICIXITONGDELILUNGAIKUO。SHILIUJIESANZHONGQUANHUITICHU,YAO“JIANCHIYIRENWEIBEN,SHULIQUANMIAN、XIEDIAO、KECHIXUDEFAZHANGUAN,CUJINJINGJISHEHUIGERENDEQUANMIANFAZHAN”,ZHEISHIMAKESIZHUYIFAZHANGUANZAIZHONGGUOTESESHEHUIZHUYIDEJUTISHIJIANZHONGZONGJIECHUDELILUNCHENGGUO,SHIZAIXINXINGSHIXIADUI“SHENMESHIFAZHAN?SHIXIANSHENMEYANGDEFAZHAN?”DEKEXUEHUIDA。“YIRENWEIBEN”“QUANMIAN、XIEDIAO、KECHIXU”,ZHEIYESHIDUIMAOZEDONGFAZHANGUANDEBIAOZHUNHECHIDUDEJICHENGYUFAZHAN。

                                    星云棋牌官网下载   DANGDESHIJIUDAMINGQUETICHU:“FAZHANSHIJIEJUEYIQIEWENTIDEJICHUHEGUANJIAN,FAZHANBIXUSHIKEXUEFAZHAN,BIXUJIANDINGBUYIGUANCHECHUANGXIN、XIEDIAO、LVSE、KAIFANG、GONGXIANGDEFAZHANLINIAN。”[3]XINFAZHANLINIANBUSHIPINGKONGDELAIDE,ERSHIXIJINPINGZAIFENXIWOGUOSHEHUIZHUYAOMAODUNZHUANBIAN,YIJIGUONEIWAIFAZHANDASHIDEJICHUSHANGDELAIDE。CONGGENBENSHANGSHUO,XINFAZHANLINIANSHIWEILEJIEJUEFAZHANDE“BUPINGHENG、BUCHONGFEN”WENTI,YOUQISHIXIEDIAO、LVSE、KAIFANGFENBIESHIZHENDUIFAZHANZHONGDEBUPINGHENGWENTI、RENYUZIRANHEXIEWENTI、NEIWAILIANDONGWENTITICHUDE。JIANCHIXIEDIAOFAZHAN,SHIJIEJUEDANGQIANFAZHANDE“BUPINGHENG、BUCHONGFEN”DEZHONGYAOLINIAN,GENBENSHANGTIXIANLESHEHUIGONGPINGZHENGYI;LVSEFAZHAN,JIUSHIYAOJIEJUEZIYUANYUESHUQUJIN、HUANJINGWURANYANZHONG、SHENGTAIXITONGTUIHUADENGWENTI;KAIFANGFAZHAN,JIUSHIYAOJINGJIQUANQIUHUAQUSHIXIACHULIHAOYINGDUIWAIBUJINGJIFENGXIAN、WEIHUGUOJIAJINGJIANQUAN、JIJICHENGDANYUWOGUONENGLIHEDIWEIXIANGDANGDEGUOJIZERENHEYIWUDENGWENTI。

                                      三、共享理念对毛泽东发展观的继承与发展

                                      SHEHUIZHUYIDEGENBENTEZHENG,JIUSHIYAOSHIXIANGONGTONGFUYU。ZHEIQIANZAIDEYUNHANZHE,FAZHANDEZUIZHONGMUBIAOJIUSHIYAOJIANSHEGONGXIANGSHEHUI、GONGXIANGWENMING。ZAIXINFAZHANLINIANZHONGDE“GONGXIANG”ZHEIYILINIANJUYOU“QUANMIN”“QUANMIAN”“GONGJIAN”“JIANJIN”DENGJIBENNEIHAN,ERZHEIYINEIHANFENGFUDEFAZHANLINIANDEXINGCHENG,JINGLILEJIANKUQUZHEDEGUOCHENG。

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                                      ZAIDANGDESHILIUDASHANG,JIANGZEMINSHOUCITICHU“GONGXIANG”ZHEIYIGAINIAN。TASHUO:“ZAIJINGJIFAZHANDEJICHUSHANG,CUJINSHEHUIQUANMIANJINBU,BUDUANTIGAORENMINSHENGHUOSHUIPING,BAOZHENGRENMINGONGXIANGFAZHANCHENGGUO。”[6]CIHOU,“GONGXIANG”YICIZHUJIANBEIRENMENSUOJIESHOUBINGSHENRURENXIN,RENMINYAOQIU“GONGFU”“GONGXIANG”DEQIPANYUELAIYUEQIANGLIE。“GONGXIANG”ZHEIYIFAZHANLINIAN,TONGGUOHUJINTAODELUNSHUZHUBUSHENRURENXIN。TASHUO:“YIFAZHUBUJIANLIYIQUANLIGONGPING、JIHUIGONGPING、GUIZEGONGPING、FENPEIGONGPINGWEIZHUYAONEIRONGDESHEHUIGONGPINGBAOZHANGTIXI,SHIQUANTIRENMINGONGXIANGGAIGEFAZHANDECHENGGUO,SHIQUANTIRENMINCHAOZHEGONGTONGFUYUDEFANGXIANGWENBUQIANJIN。”[7]HUJINTAODUI“GONGXIANG”DELUNSHU,SHENHUALEQINEIHAN,WEISHEHUIZHUYISHEHUIGENGJIAGONGPINGGONGZHENG,DUIWEIHURENMINDEZUNYANJUYOUZHONGYAOYIYI。

                                      RUGUODANDUSHUO“GONGXIANG”,ZEYOU“XINFAZHANLINIAN”ZHI“GONGXIANG”HE“GONGSHANGGONGJIANGONGXIANG”DEZHONGGUOQUANQIUJINGJIZHILIXINLINIANLIANGGECENGMIANDEYIYI。DANSHI,BULUNCONGNAGECENGMIANCHUFA,“GONGXIANG”FAZHANDOUSHISHEHUIZHUYIDEBENZHI,YESHIXINFAZHANLINIANDEJIAZHIZHIGUI。CONGERJINYIBUFENGFULE“XINFAZHANLINIAN”DELILUNNEIHAN,BUJINQUELILE“GONGXIANG”DESHIJIEGUANYIYI,ERQIEQUELILE“GONGXIANG”DEFANGFALUNYIYI。JIANCHIGONGXIANGFAZHAN,JIUSHIYAOJIANCHIRENMINDEZHUTIDIWEI,MANZURENMINRIYIZENGZHANGDEDUIMEIHAOSHENGHUODEXUYAO,SHIXIANHAO、WEIHUHAOHEFAZHANHAOZUIGUANGDARENMINGENBENLIYI,ZUODAOFAZHANWEILERENMIN、FAZHANYIKAORENMIN、FAZHANCHENGGUOYOURENMINGONGXIANG,JIANGRENMINMANYIBUMANYI、GAOXINGBUGAOXING、DAYINGBUDAYINGZUOWEIWOMENDEGONGZUOMUBIAO。

                                      ZHONGGUOTESESHEHUIZHUYIJINRULEXINSHIDAI,ZHONGGUOYUELAIYUEKAOJINSHIJIEWUTAIDEZHONGYANG,ZHANGJIUYILAIBUCHENGWEISHIJIEWENTIDE“ZHONGGUOWENTI”ZHONGXINCHENGWEILESHIJIEWENTI,SHIJIEYUELAIYUEKEWANGTINGDAOZHONGGUOSHENGYIN、DEDAOZHONGGUOFANGAN、ZHONGGUOZHIHUI。JIANCHIXINFAZHANLINIAN,JIUBIXUJIANCHIYIRENMINWEIZHONGXINDEFAZHANLINIAN,BIXUSHULIRENLEIMINGYUNGONGTONGTILINIAN,BIXUSHULISHENGTAIWENMINGLINIAN。

                                      参考文献

                                      [1]毛泽东选集:第2卷[M].北京:人民出版社,1991.
                                      [2]习近平谈治国理政:第2卷[M].北京:外文出版社,2017.
                                      [3]习近平.决胜全面建成小康社会夺取新时代中国特色社会主义伟大胜利———在中国共产党第十九次全国代表大会上的报告[M].北京:人民出版社,2017.
                                      [4] 毛泽东文集:第6卷[M].北京:人民出版社,1999.
                                      [5]江泽民文选:第3卷[M].北京:人民出版社,2006.
                                      [6]中央文献研究室.十六大以来重要文献选编:中册[G].北京:中央文献出版社,2006.
                                    星云棋牌官网下载   [7]谢林垚.五大发展理念研究述要[J].北京交通大学学报:社会科学版,2018,(4):129-136.

                                      桑延海.“新发展理念”对毛泽东发展观的继承与发展探析[J].经济研究导刊,2019(25):177-178.
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