星云棋牌官网下载

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                              学术堂专业论文学习平台您当前的位置:学术堂 > 政治论文 > 行政组织学论文

                              智慧政府的组织形态、构成及运行

                              时间:2018-12-18 来源:中国行政管理 作者:王锋 本文字数:10172字

                               摘    要: 随着人工智能对社会生活的广泛渗透, 人们的生活方式已经发生了根本性变化, 这预示着一个全新的社会类型的出现。政府也要进行积极转型, 以适应社会环境的根本变化。从组织形态来看, 智慧社会环境下的政府日益从实体组织转变为实体组织与虚拟组织的深度融合;从组织构成来看, 传统的职能分工式组织结构将转变为整体性政府;从组织运行来看, 政府组织将日益遵循智能感知、自主决策、及时行动、差异化服务几个环节实时呈现的运行过程。

                                关键词:星云棋牌官网下载 智慧社会; 政府组织转型; 组织形态; 组织构成; 组织运行;

                                Abstract: 星云棋牌官网下载With the extensive penetration of artificial intelligence into social life, people's life style has undergone fundamental changes, which indicates the emergence of a new kind of society. The government should also carry out positive transformation to adapt to the fundamental changes in the social environment. From the perspective of organizational form, the government in the smart society is increasingly transforming from entity organization to the deep integration of entity organization and virtual organization. From the perspective of organizational composition, the traditional functional division of organizational structure will be transformed into a holistic government;From the perspective of organizational operation, government organizations will increasingly become the real-time operation process of intelligent perception, independent decision-making, timely action and differentiated services.

                                Keyword: smart society; organization transformation of government; organizational form; organization composition; organization operation;

                                RENGONGZHINENGJISHUJINNIANLAIXUNMENGFAZHAN,RIYISHENTOUDAORENMENDESHENGHUOZHONG,YIJINGBINGJIANGCHIXUYINQIRENMENSHENGHUOFANGSHIDEZHUANZHEXINGBIANHUA,ZHEISHIRENMENZAIRICHANGSHENGHUOZHONGGANSHOUDAODESHISHI。ZHEIYEJIUSHISHUO,YOUYURENGONGZHINENGJISHUDUIZHENGGESHEHUIDEYINGXIANGSHIGEMINGXINGDE,SHIRENMENDESHENGCUNFANGSHIFASHENGLEGENBENBIANHUA,TAYIWEIZHEYIGEQUANXINSHEHUILEIXINGDEDAOLAI,WOMENMINGMINGWEIZHIHUISHEHUI。GENJUMALIEJINGDIANZUOJIADEYIJIAN,JIRANSHEHUIYIJINGCHENGWEIZHIHUISHEHUI,NEIME,ZHENGFUJIEGOUYEJIANGFASHENGBIANHUA,ZHEIZHONGBIANHUABUSHIDUIGUANLIAOZHIDEXIZHIMOYEDEXIUBU,TAYUSHIZHEZHENGFUDEZHENGTIXINGZHONGSU。RUGUOSHUOGUANLIXINGZHENGFUSHIGONGYESHEHUIDECHANWU,NEIME,YUZHIHUISHEHUIXIANGSHIYINGDEJIUSHIZHIHUIZHENGFU。YINER,ZAIGAODUZHIHUIHUADESHEHUIHUANJINGXIA,ZUOWEIZUZHIDEZHENGFUYEBIRANMIANLINGENBENZHUANXING。

                                一、组织形态:从实体化组织到虚实融合

                              星云棋牌官网下载   SHOUKEGUANXINGSIWEIDEYINGXIANG,WOMENQINGXIANGYUJIANGDUIXIANGSHITIHUA,JICONGKEGUANSHIZAIDEYIYISHANGLIJIESHIWU,SHENZHICONGWULIKONGJIANDESHIZAIXINGLAILIJIESHIWU。JUTIDAOZHENGFUZUZHILAISHUO,WOMENDOUYOUZHEIYANGDEYINXIANG,YITANQIZHENGFU,WOMENDEZHIGUANFANYINGJIUSHIZHENGFUBIXUYONGYOUWENDINGDEZUZHIWEIZHI、GUDINGDECHANGSUO、YANGEDEZUZHIBIANJIE、DENGJIHUADEZUZHIJIEGOU。ZHEISHIJISHANGJIUSHIKEGUANHUASIWEIZAIZHENGFUZUZHISHENSHANGDETIXIAN。ZHEIYANGDEZUZHISHISHITIHUADEZUZHI。ZAIZHIHUISHEHUI,ZHEIZHONGSHITIHUAZUZHIBIXUCHAOXIANGXUSHIRONGHEFANGXIANGFAZHAN,XINGCHENGXINXINGZHIHUIZHENGFUZUZHIXINGTAI。

                                其一,从组织层面来说,智慧政府实现了实体组织与虚拟组织的深度融合。智慧政府并不是现实政府在网络空间的简单投射,而是实体组织与虚拟组织的高度融合。[1]通过人工智能技术的重塑,整个社会已经打破了工业社会的中心-边缘结构,社会结构的特点是网络式结构,这意味着我们在工业社会中司空见惯的等级制组织结构已经失去了存在的空间。当整个社会以网络的方式联结在一起的时候,社会就不再是支离破碎的,需要从整体性和统一性中获得理解。这意味着“在电力结构中,就地球这个行星的时空范围而言,不存在什么边缘地区。因此,只有在中心之间和平等伙伴之间才能进行对话。指挥链型的金字塔结构从电力技术中得不到任何支持。”[2]这样一个由人工智能技术所塑造出的智慧社会,已经不是我们所习惯了的线上与线下的分离,而是网络世界与实体社会相融合,线上与线下的高度融合,这就意味着人们的生活不再是分离的,不再分为网络世界与现实世界。当两个世界融为一体的时候,呈现在我们面前的是一个全新的世界。
                               

                              智慧政府的组织形态、构成及运行
                               

                                FANGTINGCENGZHEIYANGSHUO:“XUNIZHENGFUSHIZHEIYANGYIZHONGZHENGFU,TADEZHENGFUZUZHIRIYICUNZAIYUZUZHIJIANWANGLUOYIJIWANGLUOHUADEJISUANXITONGNEI,ERBUSHIGEZIDULIDEGUANLIAOJIGOUNEI。YIGEXUNIDEZHENGFUYOUXUDUOFUGAIZAIZHENGSHIJIEGOUZHISHANGDEXUNIJIGOUZUCHENG。”[3]ZIXIPINWEIFANGTINGGUANYUXUNIZHENGFUDEYIJIAN,WOMENKANDAO,YIFANGMIAN,DANGZHENGFUJIGOUTONGGUOWANGLUOLIANTONGQILAIHOU,DANGZHENGFUDAGUIMOSHIYONGRENGONGZHINENGJISHUHOU,YIRENGONGZHINENGWEIDAIBIAODEXINXIJISHUKAIPILEYIGEXINDEKONGJIAN——XUNIKONGJIAN。ZHEIYANG,DANGWOMENXIGUANYUZAIWULIKONGJIANZHONGLAISIKAOZHENGFUZUZHIDECUNZAISHI,RENGONGZHINENGJISHUSUOKAIPICHULAIDEXUNIKONGJIANYANSHENLEZHENGFUZUZHIDECUNZAIKONGJIAN。LINGYIFANGMIAN,XUNIZHENGFUBINGBUSHIWULIKONGJIANDESHITIJIGOUZAIWANGLUOKONGJIANDEJIANDANYANSHEN,ERSHITONGGUORENGONGZHINENGDENGXINYIDAIXINXIJISHUSHIXIANDUIZHENGFUZUZHIDEZHENGTIZHONGSU,SUOYIFANGTINGYONGLE“FUGAI”YICI。ZHEIYANGDE“FUGAI”XIANRANSHIXIANLESHITIZUZHIYUXUNIZUZHIZHIJIANDESHENDURONGHE,SHISHITIZUZHIYUXUNIZUZHIZHIJIANDEYITIHUA、TONGYIHUA。YINCI,WANGYUKAIJIAOSHOURENWEI,XUSHIRONGHEJIUSHIZUZHIDEZHINENGHUA,JIYAOZAIZUZHIJIEGOUYUGONGNENGSHANGSHIXIANZHINENGHUA。[4]CONGGONGZHONGDEJIAODULAIKAN,SHITIZUZHIYUXUNIZUZHIZHIJIANSHIWUFENGXILIANJIEZAIYIQIDE。GONGZHONGRUGUOXUYAOMANZUMOUZHONGGONGGONGFUWU,ZHISHAOHAIXUYAOQIANWANGSHITIJIGOUQUCAOBAN,ERXUNIZUZHIJIFUWUYOUNEIQIANYUSHITIZUZHIZHIZHONG,ZAISHITIJIGOUTONGGUOZHINENGJIQILAIMANZUZIJISUOXUYAODEGONGGONGFUWU。ZHEIJISHISHUO,CONGGONGZHONGLAIKAN,SHITIZUZHIYUXUNIZUZHIZHIJIANZHISHAOSHIWUFENGLIANJIEDE。

                              星云棋牌官网下载   QIER,DANGZHENGFUZAIZUZHICENGMIANSHIXIANLEXUSHIKONGJIANDESHENDURONGHEHOU,WOMENKANDAO,ZHENGFUZUZHISUOMIANLINDEJIUSHIRENYUZHINENGJIQIDEGONGSHENGGONGZAI。SUIZHEDALIANGDEJISHUZAIZHENGFUGUANLIGUOCHENGZHONGDEDAOYINGYONGHEJIQIDEZHINENGHUACHENGDUYUELAIYUEGAO,ZUOWEIZHILIZHUTIDERENBUDEBUMIANDUIYUZHINENGJIQIRUHEGONGCHUDEWENTI。RUGUOSHUOZAIRENGONGZHINENGJISHUHAICHUYUCHUJIJIEDUANDESHIHOU,WOMENHAIKEYIBAZHINENGJIQIKANZUOGUANLIGUOCHENGDEFUZHUGONGJUDEHUA,SUIZHERENGONGZHINENGJISHUYUELAIYUECHENGSHU,DADAORENMENSUOSHUODEQIANGRENGONGZHINENGHUOZHECHAOQIANGRENGONGZHINENGSHI,QIEZHEIZHONGJISHUZAIZHENGFUZHILIGUOCHENGZHONGDEDAOGUANGFANYINGYONGSHI,ZHINENGJIQIYUELAIYUEJUYOUZIZHUXING,SHENZHIJUYOUWANQUANZIZHUNENGLISHI,YEJIUYIWEIZHEZHINENGJIQIZAIBUTONGQINGJINGZHONGDEFANYINGHUOJUECEBUXUYAORENLEIDEJIERUHUOGANYU,CHENGWEIXIANGRENYIYANGJUYOUGANZHI、RENZHI、GUIHUA、JUECE、ZHIXINGDENGNENGLIDENENGDONGZHE。[5]WOMENZHIDAO,RENGONGZHINENGDEYOUSHIZAIYUQIQIANGDADEJISUANNENGLIHELUOJIYUNSUANNENGLI。NEIMEZHENGFUGUANLIGUOCHENGZHONGDALIANGZHONGFUXINGDEGONGZUOWANQUANKEYIYOUZHINENGJIQILAICHENGDAN,ERRENZEZHUYAOCHENGDANNEIXIEYUSHUJU、XINXI、ZHISHICHUANGZAOXIANGGUANDEGONGZUO。YINER,CHUANTONGSHEHUIYIRENWEIWEIYIZHUTIDEZHENGFUZUZHIJIANGZHUANBIANWEIRENYURENGONGZHINENGDEGONGSHENGGONGZAI。“RENYURENZHIJIANDELIANXIYUELAIYUEDUODITONGGUORENGONGZHINENGLAISHIXIAN。RENCHENGWEIZUZHIDEJIEDIAN,JIEDIANZHIJIANDEXIANGHULIANXIHEGOUTONGZEXUYAOTONGGUORENGONGZHINENG。”[6]ZHEIYANG,WOMENSUOSHUXIDEZHENGFUBUMENDERENDEGONGZUOFANGSHIYUXINGWEIFANGSHIJIUHUIFASHENGHENDABIANHUA,RENYUZHINENGJIQIZHIJIANDEGONGSHENGGONGZAIZAIZHENGFUZHILIGUOCHENGZHONGJIUCHENGXIANCHULAI,BIAOXIANWEIRENYUZHINENGJIQIRUHEGONGCHU。

                                QISAN,JIUZHENGFUXINGWEILAIKAN,TONGYANGCUNZAIXUSHIRONGHEHOUDEXINGWEIZHUANHUANWENTI。RUGUOBAZHENGFUXINGWEIFENWEICHANGGUIXINGWEIYUFEICHANGGUIXINGWEIDEHUA,WOMENKEYIKANDAO,ZAICHUANTONGDEZHILIJIEGOUZHONG,JISHIZHENGFUYOUCAIZHENGYUSUANDEYALI,WULUNSHICHANGGUIHUAXINGWEIYUFEICHANGGUIXINGWEI,DOUYAOSHEJIDALIANGDEREN、CAI、WU,YOUQISHIYAOTOURUDALIANGRENLI,SHENZHIZHENGFUGUANLICHENGWEIRENLIMIJIXINGDELAODONG。DANSHI,ZAIGAODUZHIHUIHUASHEHUIHUANJINGZHONG,WOMENSUOSHUXIDEZHENGFUXINGWEIFANGSHIFASHENGLESHENKEBIANHUA。RUQIANSUOSHU,RENGONGZHINENGDEYOUSHIZAIYUQIQIANGDADEJISUANNENGLIHELUOJIYUNSUANNENGLI,ZHEIYANG,YOUYUDABUFENCHANGGUIXINGXINGZHENGXINGWEIDEKEZHONGFUXINGTEZHENG,WOMENKANDAODECHANGJINGJIANGBUZAISHIZAIZHENGFUDATINGLIRENMANWEIHUAN,ERSHIZUOWEIXIAOFEIZHEDEGONGZHONGZAIZHENGFUFUWUDATINGYUZHINENGJIQIJINXINGJIAOHUHUODONG,CONGERSHIXIANZHENGFUGUANLIDEZHINENGHUA,BUZAIXUYAOZHENGFUGONGZUORENYUANDEGANYUSHENZHIJIARU。YINWEIZHEIXIECHANGGUIXINGDEGONGZUO、KEZHONGFUXINGDEGONGZUOWANQUANKEYIYOUZHINENGJIQIDAITI,SHENZHIZAIGAODUZHINENGHUADEHUANJINGXIA,RENMENYEBUXUYAODAOZHENGFUBUMENJIUKEYIWANQUANSHIXIANMOUXIEGONGGONGFUWU。JIUFEICHANGGUIHUAZHENGFUXINGWEILAISHUO,YOUYURENGONGZHINENGJISHUDEDALIANGSHIYONG,YUANLAIZAIWULIKONGJIANKEJIANDEXINGWEIGUOCHENGYIJINGZHINENGHUA,ERZHEIXIEGUOCHENGHUOHUANJIESHIZAIXUNIKONGJIANWANCHENGDE,BIRU,YINGJIGUANLIZHONGDESHUJUCAIJI、YUJINGDENGHUANJIEJIUKEYIWANQUANSHIXIANXINGWEIGUOCHENGDEZHINENGHUA。RENGONGZHINENGDESHENDUCANYUSHIDECHUANTONGZHILIMOSHIXIADEFEICHANGGUIZHENGFUXINGWEIYEJIUFASHENGLEBIANHUA。SUOYI,WULUNSHICONGCHANGGUIHUAZHENGFUXINGWEIHAISHIFEICHANGGUIHUAZHENGFUXINGWEILAIKAN,YOUYUWULIKONGJIANYUXUNIKONGJIANRONGHEDEQUSHI,ZHIHUIZHENGFUDEXINGWEIFANGSHIYEBIRANYAOSHIYINGZHEIYIGENBENBIANHUA。

                                二、组织构成:从职能分工到整体性政府

                              星云棋牌官网下载   WOMENZHIDAO,GONGYESHEHUISHIYIGEGONGNENGFENHUADESHEHUI,YEJIUSHISHUOSHEHUIFENGONGYUELAIYUEMINGXIAN,YEYUELAIYUEZHUANYEHUA,SHEHUIFENGONGSUIZHESHEHUIDEFAZHANYEHUIYUELAIYUEXIMIHUA。ZHEIZHONGYINWEIZHUANYEFENGONGERCHANSHENGDEXIAOYISHIGONGNENGWEIFENHUASHEHUIWUFABINIDE。YINWEIFENGONGERXUYAOHEZUO,YINWEIHEZUOERXUYAOZHUANMENDEZUZHILAIDUIZHEIXIEBUTONGDEZUZHIYUBUFENJINXINGXIEDIAOYUGUANLI。YINERZAIZHEIGEYIYISHANG,XINGZHENGGUANLIBENSHENYESHISHEHUIZUOWEIYIGEJUXITONGWEIWEIXIQIYOUXIAOYUNZHUANERBIXUCUNZAIDEYIGEBUFEN,SHISHEHUIZIZUZHIZHENGCHANG、YOUXUYUNZHUANERCHENGDANDEYIBUFENGONGNENG。HUANYANZHI,XIANDAISHEHUIZHONGXINGZHENGGUANLICUNZAIDELIYOUJIUZAIYUTASHISHEHUIGONGNENGFENHUADECHANWU,ERQIEZHEIZHONGSHEHUIFENGONGYEBIRANYAOQIUXINGZHENGGUANLIBUDUANDESHIXIANZHUANYEHUA。BUJINRUCI,XINGZHENGGUANLIZISHENZUOWEIYIZHONGZUZHIHUACUNZAI,YEBIRANYIWEIZHEQINEIBUDEZHINENGHUA。ZHENGRUMIXIEERSISUOFENXIDENEIYANG,“SUIZHEZUZHIDEFAZHAN,TABUJINMIANLINGENGWEIFUZA、NANDUGENGDADEXINGZHENGGUANLISHANGDESHIWU,ERQIESUIZHEZHEIXIESHIWUYULAIYUPANGZAHEZHUANYEHUA,CHULITABUZAISHIQINGERYIJUDESHIQING。SUIZHEZUZHIDEKUAISUFAZHAN,BUJINGUANLISHIWUDESHULIANGZAIZENGJIA,ERQIECHULIZHEIXIESHIWUXUYAOGENGZHUANYEHUADEJINENG,HOUZHEZUIZHONGCUSHIZUZHIGONGNENGBUDUANZOUXIANGFENHUA。”[7]SUIZHESHEHUISHIWUDERIYIZENGJIAHEFUZAHUA,GONGYESHEHUIYUELAIYUEQINGXIANGYUTONGGUODUISHEHUIGELINGYUJINXINGFENMENBIELEIDEGUANLILAIBAOZHENGSHEHUIWEICHIZAIYIDINGDEZHIXUZHIXIA。ZHEIZHONGGUANLIDEZERENZIRANJIULUOZAILEZHENGFUDETOUSHANG。DUIGONGYESHEHUIZHONGDEZHENGFULAISHUO,YAODUISHEHUISHIWUJINXINGYOUXIAOGUANLI,BIRANYAOTONGGUOSHEZHIXIANGYINGDEZHINENGBUMENLAIJINXING,ZHEIYEJIUYIWEIZHEGONGYESHEHUIZHENGFUNEIBUDEZHINENGFENGONGJUYOUBIRANXING。ZHEIYANG,JIYUZHINENGFENGONGDEGUANLIAOZHIZUZHIJIUCHENGWEIGUANLIXINGZHENGFUZAIKONGJIANZHANKAIDEDIANXINGXINGSHI。

                                RUGUOSHUOGONGYESHEHUIQINGXIANGYUYIFENYUHUADEFANGSHILAIZHILISHEHUI,NEIMEZHIHUISHEHUISUOSUZAOCHULAIDEZESHIZHENGTIHUADESHIJIE。RUGUOSHUOGONGYESHEHUIZHANZHULIUDESHIERFENHUADEFENXIXINGSIWEI,NEIMEZHIHUISHEHUIZEYIWEIZHELINGYURONGHE,TAZHUZHONGDESHIZHENGTIXINGSIWEI。GUANYUZHIHUISHEHUIDETUJING,WANGYUKAIJIAOSHOUYIJINGZUOLECHUBUMIAOSHU,WOMENZAIZHEILIJIUBUZAIZHUISHU。ZHIHUISHEHUIGENGZHUZHONGZHENGTIXING。MAIKELUHANRENWEI:“DIANLIJISHUJIESHULECHENJIUDEERFENGUANNIAN,JIWENHUAYUJISHU、YISHUYUSHANGWU、GONGZUOYUXIANXIAERFENGUANNIAN。ZAIZHIJIEFENGEDEJIXIESHIDAI,XIANXIASHIBUGANGONGZUO、WUSUOSHISHI。DIANLISHIDAIDEQINGKUANGYUCIXIANGFAN。YINWEIZAIXINXISHIDAILIWOMENYAOTONGSHISHIYONGYIQIEGUANNENG。”[2]ZAIMAIKELUHANKANLAI,GONGYESHEHUISHUYUTASUOWEIDEJIXIEHUASHIDAI,ERJIXIEHUADETEDIANSHI“JIANGGUOCHENGQIEGECHENGTONGZHIDE、HUBULIANJIEDEXIAOKUAI。DIANQIHUAQUEBAZHEIXIEGELIEDEXIAOKUAIZHONGXINJIEHEQILAI,YINWEIDIANLICAOZUOSUDUYAOQIURENHEYIGECAOZUOGUOCHENGDEGEGEJIEDUANCHUYUGAODUXIANGHUYICUNDEZHUANGTAI。”[2]DANGZHENGGESHEHUIZHONGXINTONGYIQILAIDESHIHOU,YEJIUYIWEIZHEGONGYESHEHUIDEFENXIXINGSIWEIYIJINGSHIQULECUNZAIDELIYOU,GENGHEKUANG,ZHIHUISHEHUIDETONGYISHIJIANLIZAIWANWUHULIANDEQIANGDAJISHUJICHUSHANG。ZHEIYANG,“GONGYEHESHEHUIZHONGJIQIFANDUO、JIQIGUANGKUODEHUODONGXUNSUDIQUDELETONGYIDEZITAI”,ZHEIZHONGTONGYISHIYOUJIDETONGYI。[2]DANGZHENGGESHEHUICHENGWEIYIGETONGYIDEYOUJIZHENGTISHI,DANGZHENGGESHEHUITONGGUORENGONGZHINENGJISHUDEQIANGDAZHICHI,WANWUHULIAN,CHENGWEIZHIHUISHEHUISHI,YEJIUYIWEIZHEWOMENXUYAOCONGZHENGTIERBUSHIBUFEN,ERQIEYENENGGOUCONGZHENGTILAIJINXINGSIKAO,YEJIUYIWEIZHEWOMENXUYAOANZHAOZHENGTIXINGYAOQIUDUIZUZHIJINXINGZHONGSU。

                              星云棋牌官网下载   ZHIHUIZHENGFUJIUSHIANZHAOZHENGTIXINGYAOQIUZHONGXINJIANGOUQILAIDE。DANGRENMENTONGGUOZHIHUIZHENGFULAIHUODETA(TA)SUOXUYAODEFUWUSHI,TABINGBUGUANZHUSHISHEIXIANGTA(TA)TIGONGFUWU,YEBUGUANZHUSHINAGEZHENGFUJIGOUXIANGTA(TA)TIGONGFUWU,TA(TA)ZHIGUANZHUZIJISHIFOUHUODELEFUWU,FUWUDEZHILIANGSHIFOUZUGOUGAO,FUWUSHIFOUJISHIGAOXIAO。DANGRENMENTONGGUOZHIHUIXITONGQUHUODEZIJISUOXUYAODEFUWUSHI,RENMENBINGBUXUYAOQIANWANGZHENGFUBUMEN,YEBUXUYAOKANGUANLIAORENYUANDELIANSE,SHENZHIYEBUYAOPAIDUIDENGHOU,TA(TA)ZHIXUYAOZAIWANGLUOZHONGSHENQING、DIANJI,JIUKEYIHUODEZHENGFUSUOTIGONGDEFUWU。YEJIUSHISHUO,TONGGUOFUWU,YUANLAIJIGOULINLI、BUMENFENGEDEZHENGFUBEIZHENGHEQILAI,CHENGWEIYIGEZHENGTI,JINGUANYOUSHITABINGBUSHIZIYUANDE。TONGGUOJISHUDELIANJIE,ZHIHUIZHENGFUJUYOULEZHENGTIXING,QIANGPOZHENGFUJIQICHENGYUANCONGZHENGTIERBUSHICONGBUMENSHENZHICONGGERENQUSIKAOWENTI、CONGSHIGUANLI。JIEZHUYURENGONGZHINENGDENGJISHUDEZHONGSU,WOMENKANDAO,JIUMOUYIXIANGFUWUDETIGONGLAISHUO,QIBEIHOUKENENGSHIJIGESHENZHIJISHIGEZHENGFUBUMENHEZUODECHANWU。ZHENGYINWEIRUCI,FANGTINGCAISHUO,“JIANLIZAIWANGSHANGDEFUWUZEJIANGCHENGBAISHANGQIANGEZUZHIDEWANGZHANCHUANLIANQILAI,ZHENGSHITONGGUOZHEIXIEGUANXIWANGLUOHEWANGSHANGFUWU,ZHENGFUJIGOUZHENGYUELAIYUEQUXIANGWANGLUOHUA。”[3]XUXIAOLINJIAOSHOUYERENWEI,ZHIHUIZHENGFU“SHIYIGEKANBUJIAN、MOBUZHEDEYOUJIXITONG。ZHEIGEYOUJIXITONGZHONGCHUCUNZHEZHENGFUGUKEXUYAODE、ZHISHIHEXUNIFUWU。ZHENGFUGUKEKEYISUISHISUIDIDIHUOQUZHEIXIEXINXIHEFUWU,TAMENBUHUIGUANXINZHEIXIEXINXIHEFUWUSHIYOUSHEITIGONGDEYIJISHIZENYANGTIGONGDE。”[12]DANGWOMENANFUWUERBUSHIANBUMENLAIYAOQIUZHENGFUSHI,SHIJISHANGZHENGFUYIJINGZAIZIJUEBUZIJUEDIANZHAOZHENGTIXINGYAOQIULAIZHONGGOUZIJI,BAZIJISUZAOCHENGWEIYIGEZHENGTIXINGZHENGFU。

                                XIANRAN,DANGANZHAOZHENGTIXINGYAOQIUZHONGXINSUZAODEZHENGFU,QIKONGJIANZHANKAIXINGSHIJIUBUSHIWOMENSIKONGJIANGUANDEJINZITAXINGSHI,ERSHICHENGXIANCHUQIANTAIYUHOUTAISHIDEGUANXI。ZHEIJIUSHIWOMENYIJINGTIYANDAODE,TONGGUOZHIHUIZHENGFULAITIGONGWOMENSUOXUYAODEGONGGONGFUWUSHI,WOMENSUOMIANDUIDEBUSHIBUMENLINLIDEZUZHIJIGOU,ERSHIRUHEHUODEWOMENSUOXUYAODEFUWU,ZHEIJIUYIWEIZHEZHEIXIEFUWUMANZUDEBEIHOUKENENGSHIZHONGDUOZUZHIBUMENGONGTONGNULIDEJIEGUO,DANSHIJUTISHINAGEBUMENTIGONGDEYIJINGBUZHONGYAOLE,ZHONGYAODESHIDANGWOMENMIANDUIZHIHUIZHENGFUSHI,WOMENYUTADEGUANXIYIJINGCHENGWEIYIZHONGQIANTAIYUHOUTAIZHIJIANDEGUANXI,ERBEIHOUDEZHENGFUZUZHIJIEGOUZEDIANXINGDICHENGXIANCHUWANGLUOHUADETEDIAN,ZHEIYIWEIZHEZHIHUIZHENGFUDEKONGJIANWEIDUYIJINGFASHENGLEZHENGTIXINGBIANGE,YIJINGZHANKAIWEIQIANTAIYUHOUTAISHIDEWANGLUOHUAJIEGOU。

                                DANSHI,ZHENGTIXINGZHENGFUBINGBUYIWEIZHEMEIYOUZHENGFUNEIBUDEZHINENGFENGONG,YEBINGBUYIWEIZHEBUXUYAOXIANGYINGDEZHENGFUBUMEN。DANGWOMENQIANGDIAOZHIHUIZHENGFUDEZHENGTIXINGTEZHENGSHI,WANGWANGJIRENYIZHONGYINXIANG,ZHENGFUSHIHUNRANYITIDE,SHENZHIBIYAODEZHINENGFENGONGYUJIGOUSHEZHIYEXIANDEGUOSHILE。XIANRAN,ZHEIZHONGGUANDIANSHIDUIZHIHUIZHENGFUDEJIANDANHUALIJIE。ZHENGFUSHIYOUJICHENGXINGDE。JIANLIZAIGONGYESHEHUIJICHUSHANGDEZHINENGFENGONGZHISHAOZAIZHIHUISHEHUIFAZHANDECHUQIHAISHIJUYOUCUNZAIDEHELIXINGDE,ZHISHAOWOMENXIANZAIHAIWUFARANGZHENGGESHEHUIZUODAOWANQUANHUNRANYITI。ZHEIYEJIUYIWEIZHEZHENGFUNEIBUHAIYOUZHINENGFENGONGDEBIYAOXING,HAIBIXUSHEZHIBIYAODEZHENGFUJIGOU,JINGUANZAIZHIHUISHEHUIZHONG,YOUYUZHENGGESHEHUIDEZHINENGHUA,ZHENGFUMEIYOUBIYAOZAISHEZHINEIMEDUODEJIGOU,JINGUANZAIZHIHUISHEHUIZHONGZHENGFUGUIMODADAXIAJIANGLE,DANZHEIBINGBUYIWEIZHEZHENGFUWANQUANXUNIHUA、WANGLUOHUALE。SHENZHIZAIZHENGFUZISHENZHINENGHUADETIAOJIANXIA,ZHENGFUYEHAIBUDEBUBAOLIUBIYAODEJIGOUSHEZHI,BUDEBUBAOLIUBIYAODEZHINENGBUMEN。

                                ZHEIYANG,WOMENKANDAO,ZAIZHIHUISHEHUIZHONG,YIFANGMIAN,ZHENGFUSHIZHENGTIXINGZHENGFU,RENMENGUANZHUDEJIAODIANBUSHIZHENGFUJIGOU,ERSHIGONGGONGFUWURUHESHIXIAN。DANGZHENGFUZHILIYURUHESHIXIAN,YOUQISHITONGGUOWANGLUOHUAHUANJINGTIGONGGONGGONGFUWUSHI,TAGENGZHUZHONGDESHIZHENGFUZUZHIJIANDEHEZUO;LINGYIFANGMIAN,JISHIDANGZHIHUIZHENGFUYIJINGCHENGWEILEZHENGTIXINGZHENGFU,ZAIZHIHUIZHENGFUNEIBURENGRANCUNZAIBIYAODEZHINENGFENGONGHEZHUANYEJIGOUSHEZHI。SUOYI,FANGTINGQIANGDIAO,“XUNIJIGOUKENENGBAOKUOYIQUNZUZHI:TAMENZAIWANGSHANGYIJIWANGZHAN‘BEIHOU’、ZAIJIGOUNEIBUYIJIKUAJIGOUDIZHENGHELETAMENDEYIXIEHUODONG。ZAIZHEIGECENGMIANSHANG,YINTEWANGDUIYUZHONGJIANJIGOUGUOCHENGHEXINXIXITONGYIJIZHONGJIANZAIJIGOUWANGLUONEIBUSHIXINGBUFENHEBINGDECHENGXUERYANSHIYIGECUIHUAJI,YIGEFUNENGZHE。XIANERYIJIAN,DISICENGCIDEXUNIJIGOUXUYAOZAIYUNXING、ZHENGZHIHEJIEGOUDENGFANGMIANJINXINGZHONGDABIANGE。”[3]YINER,WOMENSUOXIANGWANGDEZHIHUIZHENGFUJIUSHIZHENGTIXINGZHENGFUYUZHINENGFENGONGDEMIQIEJIEHE。ZHIHUIZHENGFUDECHUXIANDAPOLEZHENGFUYUSHEHUI、ZHENGFUNEIBUGEJIGOUZHIJIANDEBIANJIE,SHIXINXIYUZIYUANSHIXIANLEZIYOULIUDONGYUGONGXIANG,CONGERWEITIGONGLIANGHAODEGONGGONGFUWUDIANDINGLEJIANSHIDEJISHUJICHUYUZHIDUJICHU。RUQIANSUOSHU,DANGWOMENANZHAOFUWULAIYAOQIUZHENGFUSHI,ZHENGFUYIJINGZAIZHIHUIJISHUDETUIDONGXIASHIXIANLEZUZHIJIGOUDEZHONGZU,ZHEIZHONGZHONGZUDANGRANBUSHIJIGOUDEJIANDANCHEBING,YEBUSHIRENYUANDECHUNCUIJINGJIAN,ERSHIANZHAOZHENGTIXINGYAOQIUDUIZHENGFUJINXINGZHONGSU,SHIZAIJIGOUYOUJIZHENGHEJICHUSHANGDEZHENGTIXINGSUZAO。

                                三、组织运行:从层级节制到并联运行

                                ZUOWEIYIZHONGJIANZHIXINGZUZHI,GONGYESHEHUIDEZHENGFUDIANXINGDITIXIANCHUZAICHANGYUBUZAICHANGDEFENLI,YIFANGMIAN,XIANGDUIYUGUANLIDUIXIANGHUOFUWUDUIXIANGLAISHUO,YOUYUDILIKONGJIANDEXIANZHI,XINGZHENGGUANLITIXICHUYUPUBIANDEBUZAICHANGZHUANGTAI,YEJIUSHISHUO,XINGZHENGGUANLITIXI,BAOKUOZHENGFUSHIBEIGUANLIZHEDETAZHE,QIEZHEIXIETAZHEYUBEIGUANLIZHEBUZAITONGYICHANGYUZHONG。ERZHEIZHONGBUZAICHANGYOUYIWEIZHESHIJIAN,ZHEIYEJIUSHISHUO,XIANDAISHEHUIDEBUZAICHANGQIAQIAYIWEIZHESHIJIAN,PUBIANDEBUZAICHANGQIAQIAXUYAOZHENGFUJIXINGZHENGGUANLIZHEHUAFEIZUGOUDESHIJIANJINGLILAIMIBUYINWEIBUZAICHANGERCHANSHENGDEQIANQUE;LINGYIFANGMIAN,DUIZHENGFUJIXINGZHENGGUANLIZHELAISHUO,DANGYAOQIUTAMENJISHI、ZHUNQUEDIWANCHENGXINGZHENGGUANLIRENWUSHI,QIAQIAYOUXUYAOPUBIANDEZAICHANG。ZHEIJISHISHUO,ZHIYOUZAIMIANDUIMIANDEHUDONGGUOCHENGZHONG,ZHENGFUJIXINGZHENGGUANLIZHECAINENGSHENRULEJIEQINGKUANG,ZUOCHUZHENSHIDEPANDUAN。ZAICHANGYIWEIZHEYAOJINKENENGZHANGWOGONGGONGSHIWUDEXIANGXIXINXI,ERQIESHIYUEXIANGXIYUEHAO。DANWENTIZAIYU,ZAIKONGJIANXINGTAISHANG,YOUYUDILIYINSUDEXIANZHI,XINXIDECHUANDIXUYAOSHIJIAN,CONGMINGLINGDAOZHIXINGYEXUYAOSHIJIAN,ZHEIJIUXIANZHILEZHENGFUZHANGWOXINXIDEWANBEIXING。YINWEIZAICHUANTONGDETONGXINJISHUTIAOJIANXIA,YIZHAN、WENJIAN、DIANHUADENGXINXICHUANDIFANGSHI,JUEDINGLEMINGLINGCHUANDADAOXIAJIBIRANXUYAOSHIJIAN,ZHEIZHONGDIYUSHANGDEXIANZHIQIANGZHIXINGDISHICHUANTONGZHENGFUZUZHIDEMINGLINGZHIXINGGUOCHENGBIRANCHENGXIANCHUCENGJIJIEZHISHIDETEDIAN,JIZISHANGERXIAYIJIYIJIDIJINXINGXIAQU,ZHIYOUQIANYIHUANJIEWANCHENGHOUCAINENGJINXINGXIAYIGEHUANJIE。ZHEIYANGDEZHENGFUZUZHIYUNXINGDIANXINGDICHENGXIANCHUZONGXIANGDEXIANXINGGUANXI。

                                ZHIHUISHEHUILI,YOUYUZHENGGESHEHUIHUANJINGDEGAODUZHINENGHUA、ZHIHUIHUA,WANWUHULIAN,GAODUGANZHI,XINXICHUANDICHENGXIANCHUGONGSHIXINGDETEDIAN,YEJIUSHISHUO,CHUANTONGSHEHUIZHILIZHONGYINWEISHIKONGXIANZHIERDAILAIDEJISHUZHANGAIYIJINGBUFUCUNZAI。ZHEIYIWEIZHEZHIHUIZHENGFUDEZUZHIYUNXINGHUIYINWEIRENGONGZHINENGDEDAGUIMOYINGYONGERFASHENGGENBENBIANHUA。WOMENRENWEIZHIHUIZHENGFUDEZUZHIYUNXINGKEYIFENWEIZHINENGGANZHI、ZIZHUJUECE、JISHIXINGDONG、CHAYIHUAFUWUJIGEJIEDUAN。

                                SHOUXIANSHIZHINENGGANZHI。WULUNSHICONGJUECEGUOCHENGHAISHICONGMINGLINGZHIXINGGUOCHENGLAIKAN,ZHENGFUNENGGOUYOUXIAOYUNXINGDEQIANTISHITABIXUZHANGWOXIANGXIDEGONGGONGSHIWUFANGMIANDEXINXI。ZAICHUANTONGDEGUANLIXINGZHENGXIA,XINXIDECAIJIYAOMEYIKAOXIAJIDEBAOSONG,YAOMEYIKAOZHIKUSUOTIGONGDEXINXI。WULUNQIANZHEHAISHIHOUZHE,DOUYAODAOXIANCHANGQUSHOUJIXINXI,HAOFEIDALIANGDERENLI、WULI、CAILI,YEYAOHAOFEIDALIANGDESHIJIANYUJINGLI。ERZHIHUIZHENGFUDEXINXISHOUJIZEWANQUANBUTONG。YOUYUZHENGGESHEHUIKONGJIANYIJINGSHIXIANLEZHINENGHUA,YINER,ZHEIYIKONGJIANJISHIGONGZUOSHENGHUOKONGJIAN,TONGSHIYOUSHITONGXINKONGJIAN,ZHEIYIWEIZHEZHENGGEHUANJINGCHENGWEIANKONGJIANZUZHIDEXINXICHANG。ZAIWANGYUKAIJIAOSHOUKANLAI,ZHIHUISHEHUISHISHUZIHUA、WANGLUOHUA、ZHINENGHUAGAODURONGHEDESHEHUI,ZHIHUISHEHUIDEJIBENCHUXINGSHIGAODUBEIGANZHIDESHEHUI、GAODUHULIANHUTONGDESHEHUI、GAODUSHUZIHUAHEJINGZHUNJISUANDESHEHUI、GAODUTOUMINGDESHEHUIHEGAODUZHINENGHUADESHEHUI。[14]ZHIHUISHEHUILIWANWUGANZHI,WANWUHULIAN,KONGJIANHUANJINGGAODUZHINENGHUA,GEZHONGTANCEXINPIAN、SHEXIANGTOUJICHUANGANQICHENGWEIXINXICAIJIDESHENJINGMOSHAO,TAMENHUISHISHICAIJIGELEIXINXI,BINGYUANYUANBUDUANDIBAXINXICHUANDIDAOSHUJUCHULIZHONGXIN,CONGERSHIXIANXINXISHOUJIDEZHINENGHUA。XIANGBICHUANTONGDEXINXISHOUJIFANGSHI,WOMENKANDAO,QIBIANJIEXING、SHISHIXING、DONGTAIXINGSHICHUANTONGXINXISHOUJIFANGSHISUOWUFABINIDE。

                              星云棋牌官网下载   QICISHIZIZHUJUECE。CHUANTONGDEZHILIGUOCHENG,WULUNRUHEYINRUJISHUYINSU,JUECEZUIZHONGSHIYOUZUOWEIJUECEZHEDERENLAIWANCHENGDE。ZHEIYEJIUSHISHUO,JISHIYINRULEJIQISHEBEI,ZHEIXIEJIQISHEBEIHAISHIZUOWEIJUECEDEFUZHUGONGJU,SHIWEIZUOWEIJUECEZHUTIDERENFUWUDE。SUIZHERENGONGZHINENGSHENDUQIANRURENLEISHEHUI,ZHEIZHONGJUECEFANGSHIKENENGHUIFASHENGGENBENGAIBIAN。WOMENFEICHANGQINGCHU,RENGONGZHINENGDEFAZHANQUSHISHIZOUXIANGZIZHUXING,ZHEIYIWEIZHEZHINENGJIQIJIANGBUZAISHIYIGEBEIDONGDEZHIXINGMINGLINGDEGONGJU,ERSHIYUELAIYUEJUYOUZIZHUXINGYUNENGDONGXING,SHENZHIJUYOUWANQUANZIZHUXINGWEI。ZHEIJIUSHISHUO,ZHINENGJIQIWANQUANJUYOURENDEXINGDONGNENGLIHEXINGWEINENGLI。RUGUOSHIZHEIYANGDEHUA,YUANLAIBIXUYOURENLAIWANCHENGDEGONGGONGJUECEJIANGYOUZHINENGJIQILAIDAITI。TONGGUOZHINENGGANZHIHUODEYUANYUANBUDUANDEXINXIHOU,ZHINENGJIQIZAISHOUJI、WAJUE、FENXIXINXIDEJICHUSHANG,KEYI“TIDAIRENLEIJINXINGRICHANGXINGDEGONGGONGSHIWUJUECE,”SHENZHIZIZHUJINXINGZHONGDADEGONGGONGJUECE。[6]ZHEIYANGDEHUA,ZHENGFUJINXINGGONGGONGJUECEDEFANGSHIYEHUIFASHENGGENBENXINGBIANHUA。

                                ZAICISHIJISHIXINGDONG。YOUYUXINXIDECHUANDI、BUMENJIANDEXIEDIAODENGXUYAOSHIJIAN,CHUANTONGSHEHUIZHILITIXIZHONGDEZHENGFUXINGDONGZONGYOUSHIJIANSHANGDEZHIHOUXING。DUIZHIHUIZHENGFULAISHUO,XINGDONGDESHIZHIXINGJIHUBUSHOUYINGXIANG。ZAIZHIHUIHUAHUANJINGXIACAIQUXINGDONGYIWEIZHELIANGCENGHANYI:QIYI,YIBUFENGONGGONGFUWUBENSHENYIJINGTONGGUOZHINENGJIQILAISHIXIAN。DANGGONGZHONGTONGGUOZHINENGJIQIWANCHENGXIANGYINGDECAOZUOHOU,ZHEIYIWEIZHEDANGYIDINGDETIAOJIANBEIJIFASHI,ZHINENGJIQIJIUHUIGENJUSHEDINGDETIAOJIANJINXINGPANDUAN。GONGZHONGCAOZUOZHINENGJIQIDEGUOCHENGSHIJISHANGJIUSHIZHENGFUTIGONGGONGGONGFUWUDEGUOCHENG,ZHIBUGUOTASHIZAIXUNIKONGJIANSHIXIANDE,ZHEIYIGUOCHENGSHIYUGONGZHONGDESHENQINGTONGBUDE。QIER,MOUXIEGONGGONGFUWUXUYAOZHENGFUSHENZHIBUTONGZHENGFUBUMENLIANHECAIQUXINGDONG,ZHEISHIDELIANHEXINGDONGYEYINWEIZHENGGESHEHUIDEGAODUZHINENGHUA,ERBIANDEFEICHANGJISHI。CHUANTONGZHILIGUOCHENGZHONGRUGUOXUYAOZHONGDUOBUMENTONGSHICAIQUXINGDONG,WANGWANGHUIYINWEIBUMENJIANDEXIEDIAOYUPEIHEERHAOFEIDALIANGDESHIJIANYUJINGLI。ZAIGAODUZHINENGHUADESHEHUIHUANJINGXIA,YOUYURENGONGZHINENGSHENDUQIANRUSHEHUI,SHEHUIHUANJINGDEGAODUZHINENGHUA,DAPOLECHUANTONGZHILIGUOCHENGZHONGDEBUMENJIANBILEI,ZHENGFUBUMENJIANDEGOUTONGHUIYIWUZHANGAIDEFANGSHIJINXING。ZHEIYANGDEHUA,ZHENGFUXINGDONGDESHIXIAOXINGJIUDADATIGAO,ZHENGFUXIANGYINGDESHIJIANYEHUIDADASUODUAN。

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                                ZHIHUIZHENGFUDECHUXIANSHIZHENGFUDEZUZHIZHUANXINGYECHENGWEIBIRAN。ZHIHUIZHENGFUHUIBUHUIZIRANSHIXIAN?ZHENGFUDEZUZHIZHUANXINGSHIFOUKEYITONGGUOJISHUDEYINRUJIGUANGFANSHIYONGJIUNENGSHIXIAN?XIANRAN,WOMENBUNENGZHEIYANGLEGUAN。ZHENGFUMEIYOUZUGOUDEDONGLIBAXINXIJISHUZUOWEIZHONGSUZHENGFUDEJICHUXINGGONGJU。DUIZHENGFULAISHUO,TONGGUOXINXIJISHULAIGAIGEZHENGFU,YIWEIZHEZHIWEIJIANSHAO、RENYUANJINGJIAN,YINERZHENGFUBINGMEIYOUZUGOUDEDONGLIQUGUANGFANSHIYONGXINXIJISHU,HEKUANGXINXIJISHUSUOJUYOUDEJUDAYOUSHI,ZUYISHIZHENGFURENYUANGANSHOUDAOQIANGLIEDEWEIJI。SUOYI,GENGWEIKENENGDESHI,ZHENGFUWANGWANGHUILIYONGXINXIJISHULAIQIANGHUAXIANZHUANG,SHENZHITONGGUOXINXIJISHUDESHIYONGLAIQIANGHUADUISHEHUIDEKONGZHI。SUOYI,FANGTINGCAIBUWUYOULVDISHUO:“ZAIHENDUOSHIHOU,YINTEWANGMEIYOUDAOZHIZHIDUBIANGE,ERSHIBEIYONGLAIJIAQIANGXIANZHUANG。……RENMENYONGTALAITIGAOXINXICHULIDESUDU,DUIYUANGONGSHIXINGGENGJIAYANGEDEJIANGUANYIJIZHIZUOXIANGJINDEYUEGONGZUOBAOGAO。YUYINTEWANGCHUXIANYIQIANXIANGBI,ZHEIZHONGGONGZUOCHANGJINGZAIJIEGOUSHANGMEIYOUSHENMEBIANHUA,ZHIBUGUOXIANGTONGDEGONGZUOGUOCHENGBIYIQIANYUNZUODEGENGKUAI,ERYUANGONGSHOUDAOLEGENGJIAYANMIDEJIANKONG。”[3]

                                XINXIJISHUWEIZHENGFUBIANGETIGONGLEKENENGXING,DUIZHENGFULAISHUO,RENGONGZHINENGSUOTIGONGDESHIYICIZHUANZHEXINGBIANGEDEJIYU,DANZHEIZHONGKENENGXINGBINGBUSHIZIRANERRANJIUHUIZIDONGSHIXIANDE。YAOBAZHEIZHONGKENENGXINGBIANWEIXIANSHI,HAIQUJUEYUZAIXINXIJISHUTIGONGDEKENENGXINGJICHUSHANGJINXINGXIANGYINGDEZHIDUJIANGOU。YINER,ZHEIYEJIUCHENGWEIFANGTINGZAI《GOUJIANXUNIZHENGFU》YISHUZHONGFANFUBIAODADEYIGEZHUTI,JIYAOZHONGSHIYOUJISHUFAZHANERJINXINGDEZHIDUCHUANGXIN,MEIYOUXIANGYINGDEZHIDUCHUANGXIN,JISHUSUOTIGONGDEKENENGXINGYEHUIDEERFUSHI。[3]FANGTINGRENWEI,“WOMENKEYIQINGYIJIANLIJISHUSHANGDEJICHUSHESHI,DANZHEIBINGBUDENGYUWOMENTONGSHIYEJIANLILEZHIDUSHANGDEJICHUSHESHI。WOMENXUYAOZHEIYANGDEZHIDUSHESHI,TANENGGOUXIANGZHENGFUJIGOUTIGONGYIXIAFANGMIANDEZHICHI,JIJIGOUZHIJIANXIEDIAODEXINGDONG、ZUZHIWENHUA、DONGLIHEBANSHICHENGXUYIJIYIXILIEDEZUZHI、SHEHUIJIZHENGZHIGUIZHIXITONG。ZHEIXIEYINSUSHIJISHANGYINDAOZHEZHENGFUJIGOUDEYUNZUO,BINGYINGXIANGZHEZHENGFUJIGOUDEGOUZAO。”[3]ZHEIJIUXUYAOWOMENZAIRENGONGZHINENGSUOTIGONGDEJISHUJICHUSHANG,TONGGUOXIANGYINGDEZHIDUCHUANGXIN,CONGJIEGOUDAOGONGNENGDUIZHENGFUJINXINGZHENGTIXINGZHONGSU,CUJINZHENGFUSHUNLIJINXINGZUZHIZHUANXING,SHIGUANLIXINGZHENGFUNENGGOUSHUNLIZHUANBIANWEIZHIHUIZHENGFU。

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