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                            学术堂专业论文学习平台您当前的位置:学术堂 > 政治论文 > 行政组织学论文

                            基层社会“组织再造”过程中的问题与化解

                            时间:2018-12-18 来源:社会科学 作者:周敏晖,郝宇青 本文字数:12993字

                              摘    要: 改革开放以来,特别是社会主义市场经济改革以来,我国基层社会的组织结构发生了巨大的变化,出现了较为明显的“去组织化”现象。这已经成为基层社会治理面临的一大难题。为防范和化解基层社会的“去组织化”现象及其所带来的政治与社会风险,必须对基层社会进行“组织再造”。在基层社会“组织再造”过程中,存在着诸如路径依赖、责任主体不清晰、行政干预、条块关系、技术及其伦理等问题。为此,应当从以下几个方面加以解决:实现价值观念的现代转型、推动社会组织责任意识的确立和巩固、优化条块关系与提升治理能力、以产城融合推进社会空间结构的合理布局等。通过基层社会的“组织再造”,不仅可以推动基层社会治理体制和治理能力的现代化,而且能够为推进国家治理体系和治理能力现代化奠定坚实基础。

                              关键词: 社会治理; 基层; “组织再造”; 问题; 对策;

                              Abstract: Since the reform and opening up, especially since the reform of socialist market economy, the organizational structure of grass-roots society in China has undergone tremendous changes, and a more obvious phenomenon of “de-organization” has emerged. This has become a major problem faced by grass-roots social governance. In order to prevent and resolve the phenomenon of “de-organization” of grass-roots society and its political and social risks, it is necessary to “re-organize” grass-roots society. In the process of organizational reengineering in grass-roots society, there are many problems, such as path dependence, unclear responsibility subjects, administrative intervention, block relationship, technology and ethics. Therefore, we should solve these problems from the following aspects: realizing the modern transformation of values, promoting the establishment and consolidation of the sense of responsibility of social organizations, optimizing block relations and improving governance capacity, and promoting the rational distribution of social spatial structure through the integration of industry and city. Through the “organizational reengineering” of grass-roots society, we can not only promote the modernization of grass-roots social governance system and governance capacity, but also lay a solid foundation for promoting the modernization of national governance system and governance capacity.

                              Keyword: Social Governance; Grass-roots; Organizational Reengineering; Problems; Countermeasures;

                            星云棋牌官网下载   JINRUXINSHIDAI,“WOGUOFAZHANJINRUXINJIEDUAN,GAIGEJINRUGONGJIANQIHESHENSHUIQU” ①,WOGUOSHEHUIZHUYAOMAODUNYIJINGZHUANHUAWEIRENMINRIYIZENGZHANGDEMEIHAOSHENGHUOXUYAOHEBUPINGHENGBUCHONGFENDEFAZHANZHIJIANDEMAODUN,ZHEIXIEGAIGEKAIFANGJINCHENGZHONGDEFAZHANBIANHUA,ZAIHENDACHENGDUSHANGYIWEIZHEZUOWEIGUOJIAZHENGQUANJIANSHEHEGUOJIAWENDINGGENJIDEJICENG,QIZHILIYICHENGWEIDANGHEGUOJIADEGONGZUOZHONGXIN,SHIGUOJIAZHILITIXIHEZHILINENGLIXIANDAIHUADEZHONGYAONEIRONG。ZHEISHIYINWEIDANGGAIGEBURUGONGJIANQIHESHENSHUIQU,JICENGDEWENDINGHERENMINQUNZHONGDEZHICHISHIBUKEHUOQUEDE;DANGRENMINKAISHIZHUIQIUMEIHAOSHENGHUO,JICENGDEHEXIEYUANNINGSHIBUKEHUOQUEDE。ERJICENGDEWENDINGHERENMINQUNZHONGDEZHICHI、JICENGDEHEXIEYUANNING,XUYAOJICENGDANGZUZHI、JICENGSHEHUIDALIANGDEXIZHIRUWEIDEGONGZUOCAINENGSHIXIAN。KEYISHUO,JICENGYIJINGCHENGWEIDANGXIAZHONGGUO“JINXINGWEIDADOUZHENG、JIANSHEWEIDAGONGCHENG、TUIJINWEIDASHIYE、SHIXIANWEIDAMENGXIANG”DEZHUZHANCHANG ②。ZHEIYEJIUSHISHUO,“ZHUAJICENG、DAJICHU”SHIDANGDEGONGZUODEZHANGYUANZHIJIHEGUBENZHIJU1。JIYUCI,WOMENCAINENGGOUZHANZAIZHANLVEHEQUANJUDEGAODU,SHENKERENSHIHELIJIESHIBADAYILAIYIXIJINPINGTONGZHIWEIHEXINDEDANGZHONGYANGJIUJICENGSHEHUIJIQIZHILIERTICHUDEYIXILIELUNDUAN。

                              值得关注的是,在基层社会治理中,为防范和化解基层社会的“去组织化”现象及其所带来的政治与社会风险,我国不少地方进行了“组织再造”(或者称之为“社会再组织化”)的探索和实践,并取得了一定的成效,成为化解基层社会风险、推进基层社会和谐的重要而有效的手段。因此,为了更好地防范和化解基层社会的风险、推进基层社会的和谐,对“组织再造”实践进行进一步的梳理,探讨其中存在的问题,找出可优化的行动方案,以推动“组织再造”实践的深入发展,就成为当下基层社会治理领域面临的一项重要任务。
                             

                            基层社会“组织再造”过程中的问题与化解
                             

                              一、基层社会“组织再造”的必要性及其意义

                              SUOWEI“ZUZHIZAIZAO”,SHIZHIJICENGSHEHUIBENLAIYOUYITAOWANZHENGDE、KEYIYOUXIAOYUNZUODEJIEGOUYUZHIXU,DANSHI,SUIZHESHEHUIDEBIANQIAN,YUANXIANDEJIEGOUCHUXIANFENHUAYUJIETI,YUANXIANDEZHIXUBUZAIJUYOUGUIFANZUOYONG,WEILESHEHUIDEWENDINGYUNXING,BIXUDUIQIJINXINGZUZHIHUAGAIZAO,ZHONGJIANSHEHUIDEJIEGOUYUZHIXU。HAOWUYIWEN,DANGQIANZHONGGUOJICENGSHEHUIDE“ZUZHIZAIZAO”,JIUSHIYINYINGQIZAIGAIGEKAIFANGJINCHENGZHONGCHUXIANDE“QUZUZHIHUA”XIANXIANGERZUOCHUDEXUANZE。

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                            星云棋牌官网下载   YINCI,WEILEYINGDUIJICENGSHEHUICHUXIANDESHEHUIFENHUA,YOUQISHIYIN“QUZUZHIHUA”ERDAILAIDEJIEGOUXINGBIANHUA,XUYAODUIJICENGSHEHUIZAISHEHUIZHENGHEDEJICHUSHANGJINXING“ZAIZUZHI”3,JIJINXING“ZUZHIZAIZAO”。TONGGUANRENLEISHEHUIFAZHANJINBUDELISHI,ZAIHENDUOQINGKUANGXIA,SHEHUIJIUSHIZAIBUDUANDEFENHUAYUZHENGHEZHONGQUDEJINBUDE。DANGRAN,SHEHUIFENHUAZHIHOUBIXUYAOYOUSHEHUIZHENGHE,SHEHUIDE“QUZUZHIHUA”ZHIHOUZIRANXUYAOJINXING“ZUZHIZAIZAO”,YIDACHENGZHIDUGONGJIHESHEHUIZHIXUZHIJIANDEJUNHENG,ZHEIYANGCAINENGHUAXIANWEIYI、ZHUANWEIWEIJI,CAINENGBAOCHISHEHUIDEHEXIEWENDING,CAINENGTUIDONGSHEHUIZAIFENHUAZHONGQUDEJINBU,FOUZE,SHEHUIFENHUAMANWUBIANJIDEFAZHAN,JIUYOUKENENGZAOCHENGSHEHUIDESHIXUHEHUNLUAN,SHENZHIYOUKENENGCHUXIANSHEHUI“DUANLIE”DEZHONGDAWEIXIAN4。YINCI,ZAIZHONGGUOTESESHEHUIZHUYIJINRUXINSHIDAIDEBEIJINGXIA,JICENGSHEHUI“ZUZHIZAIZAO”DEBIYAOXING,ZIRANTUXIANLEJICENGSHEHUI“ZUZHIZAIZAO”DEXIANSHIYIYI。GAIGEKAIFANGXUYAOWENDINGHEXIEDESHEHUIHUANJING,XUYAOJICENGSHEHUIDEQIANGYOULIZHICHENG;GAIGEJINRUGONGJIANQIHESHENSHUIQU,GENGJIAXUYAOWENDINGHEXIEDESHEHUIHUANJING,XUYAOJICENGSHEHUIDEQIANGYOULIZHICHENG。KEYISHUO,ZAIXINSHIDAI,DUIJICENGSHEHUIJINXINGDE“ZUZHIZAIZAO”JIUSHIYAOWEIGAIGEKAIFANGDEDAJUFUWU,WEIFANGFANHEHUAJIEJICENGSHEHUIDEFENGXIAN、TUIJINJICENGSHEHUIDEHEXIEFUWU,WEISHIXIANZHONGHUAMINZUDEWEIDAFUXINGFUWU。

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                            星云棋牌官网下载   JIAQIANGJICENGDANGZUZHIJIANSHEDEMUDE,JIUSHIWEILEGENGHAODIFAHUIDANGZUZHIJIANSHEYINLINGSHEHUIZHILIDEZUOYONG,BINGTONGGUOBASHEHUIZUZHIQILAIDETUJING,SHIXIANYOUXIAODESHEHUIZHILI。2017NIAN6YUE12RI,ZHONGGONGZHONGYANG、GUOWUYUANCHUTAIDE《GUANYUJIAQIANGHEWANSHANCHENGXIANGSHEQUZHILIDEYIJIAN》JIUMINGQUEYAOQIU,“BAJIAQIANGJICENGDANGDEJIANSHE、GONGGUDANGDEZHIZHENGJICHUZUOWEIGUANCHUANSHEHUIZHILIHEJICENGJIANSHEDEZHUXIAN,YIGAIGECHUANGXINJINGSHENTANSUOJIAQIANGJICENGDANGDEJIANSHEYINLINGSHEHUIZHILIDELUJING”7。DANGDESHIJIUDABAOGAOTICHULE“SHEHUIZHILIZHONGXINXIANGJICENGXIAYI”DEZHONGYAOMINGTI8,ZAIMOUZHONGYIYISHANG,TAHEJIAQIANGJICENGDANGZUZHIJIANSHEDEMUDESHIYIZHIDE,DOUSHIWEILESHIXIANYOUXIAODESHEHUIZHILI。TONGSHI,TAMENSHIXIANYOUXIAOSHEHUIZHILIDELUJINGYESHIXIANGTONGDE,JIDOUYAOYIKAOJICENGSHEHUIDE“ZUZHIZAIZAO”。YINGDANGSHUO,ZAIQUANGUOFANWEINEI,JICENGDANGZUZHIJIANSHEYIJIDANGJIANYINLINGXIAJICENGSHEHUIZHILIDEFANGSHIFANGFASHIDUOZHONGDUOYANGDE,ZHEIZIRANXINGCHENGLEJICENGSHEHUI“ZUZHIZAIZAO”DEXINGSHIDUOYANGXING。

                              二、基层社会“组织再造”过程中存在的问题

                              ZAIXINSHIDAI,JIAQIANGJICENGDANGZUZHIJIANSHE、TISHENGJICENGSHEHUIZHILISHUIPING,JINERSHIXIANJICENGSHEHUIDE“ZUZHIZAIZAO”,DOUSHUYUTANSUOXINGDEGONGZUO,MEIYOUGUDINGDEMOSHIKEYIZUNXUN,QIZHONGDEHENDUOZUOFAHAIXUYAOSHIJIANDEJINYIBUJIANYAN,DANSHI,WULUNZENYANG,ZHEIXIETANSUOHECHUANGXINDOUSHIZHIDEGULIDE。YINWEIZAIZHEIXIETANSUOHECHUANGXINZHONG,CHENGGONGDEJINGYANKEYIZONGJIETILIAN,SHIBAIDEANLIKEYIJIQUJIAOXUN,BINGZAIYIHOUDESHIJIANZHONGBUZAIFANLEISIDECUOWU,CONGERZOUSHANGZHENGQUEDEGUIDAO。YOUXUEZHEZHICHU,LISHIFAZHANDEGUOCHENGBIAOMING,“ZHANGAIYUNYUZHEJIHUI,CUOBAISUONENGCHANSHENGDEXIAOYINGYEWANGWANGCHURENYILIAO”9。YINCI,TANTAOJICENGSHEHUI“ZUZHIZAIZAO”GUOCHENGZHONGCUNZAIDEWENTI,DUIYU“ZUZHIZAIZAO”DESHUNLIZHANKAIJUYOUZHONGYAODEXIANSHIYIYI。

                            星云棋牌官网下载   NEIME,JICENGSHEHUI“ZUZHIZAIZAO”GUOCHENGZHONGCUNZAIDEWENTIYOUNAXIENI?GENJUBIZHEZAISHANGHAI、ZHEJIANG、FUJIAN、JIANGXIDENGDIJICENGSHEHUIDEDUNDIANDIAOCHAHEDUIQUANGUOFANWEINEIYIXIEDIANXINGANLIDEYANJIU,QICUNZAIDEWENTIZHUYAOBAOKUOYIXIAJIGEFANGMIAN。

                              1.“组织再造”中的路径依赖问题

                            星云棋牌官网下载   ZAIGAIGEKAIFANGJINCHENGZHONG,JICENGSHEHUICHUXIANLE“QUZUZHIHUA”XIANXIANG。YAOHUAJIEYIN“QUZUZHIHUA”DAILAIDESHEHUIZHENGZHIFENGXIAN,DUIJICENGSHEHUIJINXING“ZUZHIZAIZAO”JIUCHENGWEIYIGEBIYAODEXUANZE。ZHEISHI,CAIQUSHENMEYANGDEFANGSHIFANGFAJINXINGJICENGSHEHUIDE“ZUZHIZAIZAO”NI?HENXIANRAN,YOUYUDANGDAIZHONGGUOSHEHUICHUXIANLEJUDABIANQIAN,RENMENZHIJIANDEJINGJILIYIFENHUA,JIAZHIGUANNIANDUOYANG,JICENGSHEHUIYUELAIYUECHENGXIANCHUSUIPIANHUADEZHUANGTAI10,YINCI,CHUANTONGJIHUAJINGJISHIDAIZUZHISHEHUIDEFANGSHIFANGFAYIJINGGUOSHI。ZHIYOUCAIQUHESHEHUIZHUYISHICHANGJINGJITIZHIXIANGSHIYINGDEZUZHISHEHUIDEFANGSHIFANGFA,CAINENGDADAOMUDE。

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                              2.“组织再造”中的责任主体问题

                            星云棋牌官网下载   BENLAI,JICENGSHEHUI“ZUZHIZAIZAO”DEZERENZHUTIBINGBUYINGGAICHENGWEIYIGEWENTI,ZAIZHONGYANGWENJIANHETIAOLIZHONGDOUYOUMINGQUEDEGUIDING。PIRU,DANGDESHIBADABAOGAOZAITANDAO“JIAQIANGSHEHUIJIANSHE”SHI,JIUMINGQUEYAOQIU,“JIAKUAIXINGCHENGDANGWEILINGDAO、ZHENGFUFUZE、SHEHUIXIETONG、GONGZHONGCANYU、FAZHIBAOZHANGDESHEHUIGUANLITIZHI”12。ZHEIJIUSHISHUO,DANGWEI、ZHENGFU、SHEHUI、GONGZHONGDOUSHISHEHUIJIANSHEDEZHUTI,DOUSHISHEHUIJIANSHEZHONG“ZUZHIZAIZAO”DEZHUTI。RANER,ZAIJUTIDEJICENGSHEHUI“ZUZHIZAIZAO”GUOCHENGZHONG,YIXIE“DANWEI”YOUQISHIFEIGONGJINGJIZUZHI、YIXIEGERENYOUQISHITIZHIWAIDEJINGYINGRENSHI,TONGCHANGBUYUANYICHENGDANJICENGSHEHUI“ZUZHIZAIZAO”DEZEREN。TAMENGENGQINGXIANGYURENWEI,DANGQIANJICENGSHEHUIJIXUJINXINGDE“ZUZHIZAIZAO”SHIDANGHEZHENGFUDERENWUHEZEREN,YUTAMENMEIYOUDUODAGUANXI。YINERZAIMIANDUIZHURUQUYUHUADANGJIAN、JIAQIANGSHEHUIJIANSHEDENGYUJICENGSHEHUIZHILIMIQIEXIANGGUANDEHUODONGSHI,TAMENBUYUANYICANYUQIZHONG,JISHICANYULE,YEDUOSHIXINGSHIHUADECANYU,HUOSHILIYIDAOXIANGXINGCANYU。GURAN,ZAIJICENGSHEHUIDE“ZUZHIZAIZAO”ZHONG,XUYAO“DANGWEILINGDAO、ZHENGFUFUZE”,DANGWEIHEZHENGFUSHIZERENZHUTI,DANSHI,ZHEIBINGBUDENGYUWEIYIDEZERENZHUTI,TAHAIXUYAO“SHEHUIXIETONG”HE“GONGZHONGCANYU”。JINGUANZAIJICENGSHEHUI“ZUZHIZAIZAO”ZHONG,DANGWEIHEZHENGFUDEZERENDAYIXIE、DUOYIXIE、ZHONGYIXIE,DANSHISHEHUISHANGDEQITA“DANWEI”HEGETIYEYINGCHENGDANQIXIANGYINGDEZEREN,CHENGWEIJICENGSHEHUI“ZUZHIZAIZAO”DEZERENZHUTI。

                              ZHISUOYIHUIZAOCHENGYIXIEDANWEIHEGETIBUYUANCHENGWEIJICENGSHEHUI“ZUZHIZAIZAO”DEZERENZHUTI,ZAIHENDACHENGDUSHANGYUJICENGSHEHUI“QUZUZHIHUA”DAILAIDELIANGGEFANGMIANJIEGUOYOUGUAN:YISHICONG“DANWEI”DEJIAODUKAN,YUANLAISHEHUIJIEGOUZHONGDE“DANWEI”,SUIZHEGAIGEDESHENRUFAZHAN,QIZUZHIGONGNENGDAFUXIAJIANGSHENZHIXIAOSHI,ERGAIGEZHONGXINSHENGCHENGDE“DANWEI”YEMEIYOUBEIFUYUXIANGYINGDESHEHUIGONGNENG,ZIRANBUYUANYICHENGDANQISHEHUIGONGNENGDEZUZHIZHEJIAOSE;ERSHICONGGETIDEJIAODUKAN,JIHUAJINGJISHIDAIGUODUZUZHIHUASUOCHANSHENGDEDUIRENMENGEXINGDESHUFU,DAOZHITAMENDUIZUZHIHUAXIANXIANGDEQIANGLIEFANDAN,ZAIQINGGANSHANGBUYUANZAISHOUDAOLAIZIZUZHIDESHUFU,HUOZHERENWEILAIZIZUZHIDESHUFUYUESHAOYUEHAO。ZHEIZHONGQINGKUANGJINYIBUDAOZHIYIXIE“DANWEI”HEGETIDUI“ZUZHIZAIZAO”DEGUANNIANSHANGDEPIANJIAN、RENSHISHANGDEWUQUHESHIJIANSHANGDETUIXIEZEREN。YINCI,YAOSHIDESHEHUIHEGONGZHONGTONGDANGWEIHEZHENGFUYIDAOCHENGWEIJICENGSHEHUI“ZUZHIZAIZAO”ZHONGDEZERENZHUTI,CHULEYAOZUOHAOTAMENDESIXIANGRENSHIGONGZUOZHIWAI,HAIYAOFUQUAN、FUNENG,YISHITAMENCHENGWEIHEGEDEZERENZHUTI。

                              3.“组织再造”中的行政干预问题

                            星云棋牌官网下载   JINGUANJICENGSHEHUIJIANSHEZHONGDE“ZUZHIZAIZAO”XUYAODANGWEI、ZHENGFUHESHEHUI、GONGZHONGDECANYU,JIYAOZUODAO“DANGWEILINGDAO、ZHENGFUFUZE、SHEHUIXIETONG、GONGZHONGCANYU”,DANSHI,ZAIJUTIDE“ZUZHIZAIZAO”GUOCHENGZHONG,ZAISHEHUIJIANSHE(“ZUZHIZAIZAO”)DEZHUTIZHIJIAN,ZERENDEFAHUICUNZAIZHEHENDADEBUJUNHENGXING13,ZHEIZHUYAOBIAOXIANWEI:DANGWEI-ZHENGFUFAHUIZHEZHONGYAODESHENZHISHIJUEDINGXINGDEZUOYONG,BIAOXIANCHUJIAODUODEXINGZHENGGANYU,ERSHEHUI(BAOKUOSHEHUIZUZHIHESHEHUICHENGYUAN)QUECHUYUJIAOWEIBEIDONGDEJIAOSE。YINGDANGSHUO,ZHISUOYIDAOZHI“ZUZHIZAIZAO”ZHONGJIAODUODEXINGZHENGGANYU,GENBENYUANYINZAIYUWOGUOZHENGZHITIZHIJIZHIDEFAZHANYUBIANGEWENTI。JIBIANYOULEGAIGEKAIFANG,YOULESHEHUIZHUYISHICHANGJINGJITIZHI,DANSHI,ZHENGZHITIZHIDEBIANGECHENGDURENGRANZHIHOUYUJINGJITIZHIDEBIANGECHENGDU,LIANGZHEZHIJIANRENGRANCUNZAIZHEBUSHIYING、BUXIEDIAODEQINGKUANG;JIBIANGAIGEKAIFANGYINFALEDANGHEGUOJIAGONGZUOZHONGXINDEZHUANYI,MUQIAN,QUANMIANCONGYANZHIDANGZAIXIANGJICENGYANSHEN,SHEHUIZHILIZHONGXINXIAYI,DANSHI,ZHEIXIERENGRANSHIZAIDANGHEGUOJIAZHUDAOXIAJINXINGDE,SHEHUIZIZHULILIANGRENGRANJIAOWEIQIANQUE。

                              DUIJICENGSHEHUIJIANSHEZHONGDE“ZUZHIZAIZAO”JINXINGXINGZHENGGANYU,YIFANGMIANBIAOXIANWEIDANGHEGUOJIADUIXINSHIDAIDESHEHUIGUANLICUNZAIZHEYIDINGCHENGDUDEBUSHIYINGXING,HAIMEIYOUBAITUO“CONGSHANGMIANCIJITAMENYUSHUIHEYANGGUANG”14DEYOUYUEGAN,HAIBUXIGUANYUFANGXIASHENDUAN,QUHEDUOYUANDESHEHUIZHUTIJINXINGHEZUO,GONGTONGJINXINGSHEHUIDE“ZHILI”。LINGYIFANGMIANZEBIAOXIANWEISHEHUIZUZHIHESHEHUICHENGYUANDUIXINSHIDAISHEHUIZHILIYAOQIUDEBUSHIYINGXING、ZISHENFAZHANDEBUCHENGSHUXING,HAIBUJUBEIDULICHENGDANSHEHUIZHILIRENWUDEWANBEINENGLI,HAIQUEFAHEDANGWEI-ZHENGFUJINXINGHEZUODEJINGYANHENENGLI。JINGUANZAIJINRUXINSHIDAIYILAI,ZHONGYANGYIZHIBA“JIFASHEHUIZUZHIHUOLI”ZUOWEISHEHUIJIANSHEZHONGDEYIXIANGZHONGYAORENWULAIZHUA,LIRU,ZAISHIBAJIESANZHONGQUANHUITONGGUODEJUEYIZHONG,JIUMINGQUEQIANGDIAO,“ZHENGQUECHULIZHENGFUHESHEHUIGUANXI,JIAKUAISHISHIZHENGSHEFENKAI,TUIJINSHEHUIZUZHIMINGQUEQUANZE、YIFAZIZHI、FAHUIZUOYONG。SHIHEYOUSHEHUIZUZHITIGONGDEGONGGONGFUWUHEJIEJUEDESHIXIANG,JIAOYOUSHEHUIZUZHICHENGDAN”15,ZHEIZAIYIDINGCHENGDUSHANGTUIDONGLESHEHUIZUZHIDEFAZHAN,DANSHI,ZONGTISHANG,BULUNSHIZAIGUIMOHAISHIZAIGONGNENGSHANG,SHEHUIZUZHIDOUMEIYOUNENGGOUGENSHANGSHIDAIFAZHANDEBUFAHEYAOQIU16。ZHEIZHONGQINGKUANG,ZIRANYOUFANGUOLAIQIANGHUALEDANGWEI-ZHENGFUZAISHEHUIJIANSHEZHONG、ZAI“ZUZHIZAIZAO”ZHONG,BUDEBUJINXINGXINGZHENGGANYUDEQINGXIANG。ZHEIZHONGQINGXIANG,ZAIJUTIDEJICENGSHEHUI“ZUZHIZAIZAO”ZHONGDEXIANGMUZHIYUNXINGFANGSHIFANGMIAN,JIUBIAOXIANDEJIAOWEIMINGXIAN17。

                              4.“组织再造”中的条块关系问题

                            星云棋牌官网下载   ZAIJICENGSHEHUI“ZUZHIZAIZAO”ZHONG,BUJINCUNZAIZHEDANGWEI-ZHENGFUHESHEHUIZHIJIANDEGUANXIWENTI,ERQIEYECUNZAIZHEDANGWEI-ZHENGFUNEIBUDE“TIAO”YU“KUAI”ZHIJIANDEGUANXIWENTI。YOUYUMUQIANDANGWEI-ZHENGFUZAIJICENGSHEHUI“ZUZHIZAIZAO”ZHONGCHUYUZHUDAODIWEI,YINER,DANGWEI-ZHENGFUNEIBUDE“TIAO”YU“KUAI”ZHIJIANDEGUANXIZAIJICENGSHEHUI“ZUZHIZAIZAO”GONGZUOZHONGGENGWEIZHONGYAO。

                            星云棋牌官网下载   YIBANDI,TIAOKUAIGUANXISHIZHONGGUOZHENGFUJIANGUANXIMOSHIDEJICHU,YESHIDIFANGZHENGFUTIZHIZHONGJIBENDEJIEGOUXINGGUANXI18。DANSHI,ZAISHIJIDEZHENGZHIYUXINGZHENGTIZHIYUNXINGGUOCHENGZHONG,“TIAO”YU“KUAI”ZHIJIANDEGUANXISHIZHONGSHIYIGEMEIYOUNENGGOUDEDAOTUOSHANCHULIDETIZHIWENTI,QIZHONG,ZUIWEIJIZHONGDEWENTIJIUSHI“TIAOKUAIFENGE”。“TIAOKUAIFENGE”BUJINZAOCHENGLEDANGWEI-ZHENGFUJIGOUDEPANGDA、XINGZHENGXIAOLVDEDIXIA,ERQIEWANGWANGDAOZHIZHONGYANGJUECEDE“ZHONGJIANGENGZU”DENGBULIANGXIANXIANG。“TIAOKUAIFENGE”DEZHENGZHIYUXINGZHENGTIZHI,ZAIMIANDUIJICENGSHEHUIJIANSHE、JICENGSHEHUIZHILIYIJIJICENGSHEHUI“ZUZHIZAIZAO”DENGRIYIFUZADESHIWUSHI,QICUNZAIDEBIDUANJIUBAOLUWUYILE。LIRU,YOUYUSHEHUISUOJUYOUDEGAODUFUZAXINGHEGAODUBUQUEDINGXING,“ZAISHEHUIZHILILINGYU,SHEHUIDUOYUANHUA、XUNIHUAHEQUZHONGXINHUADETEZHENGGEWAIXINGMU”19;JICENGSHEHUILIYIDEDUOYUANHUA,DAOZHIDUOYUANLIYIXIANGGUANZHENANYIDACHENGHEZUOGONGSHI;CHENGSHISHEQUQUZHONGXINHUADEHOUXIANDAIXINGQINGXIANG,DAOZHIQUANZEBIANJIEMOHU20,DENGDENG。KEYIKANDAO,ZAISHIJIDEJICENGSHEHUI“ZUZHIZAIZAO”GUOCHENGZHONG,BUJIN“TIAO”“KUAI”ZHIJIANDEZHIZEBUQING、HUXIANGTUIWEIDEQINGKUANGSHIYOUFASHENG,ERQIEJIANGHUADE“TIAO”“KUAI”YUNXINGMOSHIYURIYIFUZADEJICENGSHEHUIBUXIANGSHIYINGDEQINGKUANGRIYITUCHU。YINCI,YAOZUOHAOJICENGSHEHUIDE“ZUZHIZAIZAO”GONGZUO,RUHECHULIHAOTIAOKUAIGUANXIJIUCHENGWEIYIGEJIXUJIEJUEDEWENTI。

                              5.“组织再造”中的技术及伦理问题

                              ZAIJICENGDANGZUZHIJIANSHE、JICENGSHEHUIJIANSHEYIJIJICENGSHEHUIDE“ZUZHIZAIZAO”ZHONG,YUNYONGWANGLUOXINXIJISHUDENGXIANDAIJISHUSHIBUKEHUOQUEDEZUCHENGBUFEN,ZHEIYIDIANYIJINGCHENGWEIZHENGGESHEHUIDEGONGSHI。2013NIANSHIBAJIESANZHONGQUANHUITONGGUODE《ZHONGGONGZHONGYANGGUANYUQUANMIANSHENHUAGAIGERUOGANZHONGDAWENTIDEJUEDING》,DIYICITICHU“SHEHUIZHILI”DEGAINIAN,BINGMINGQUETICHUYAOCHUANGXINSHEHUIZHILITIZHI。QISHI,ZHEISHIDECHUANGXINSHEHUIZHILITIZHIZHENGHAODASHANGXINXIJISHUJINBUDEKUAICHE,ERQIEGUOJIADUIXINXIJISHUDEGAODUZHONGSHI,YEWEIYUNYONGXINXIJISHUJINXINGSHEHUIZHILITIGONGLEZHANLVEYINDAOHEZHENGCEBAOZHANG21。LIRU,GUOWUYUANZAI2015NIANFABULE《CUJINDASHUJUFAZHANXINGDONGGANGYAO》,MINGQUEYAOQIUGEDIGEJIZHENGFUJIANGDASHUJUYINGYONGYUSHEHUIZHILICHUANGXIN,WEIYOUXIAOCHULIFUZADESHEHUIWENTITIGONGXINDEJISHUSHOUDUAN,SHIDASHUJUCHENGWEITISHENGZHENGFUZHILINENGLIDEXINTUJING。YOURU,ZAISHIJIUDABAOGAOZHONG,ZHONGYANGBASHEHUIZHILIDE“ZHINENGHUA”ZUOWEICHUANGXINSHEHUIZHILIDEYIGEXIANGDUTILECHULAI。ZHEIYANG,ZAIJIAQIANGJICENGDANGZUZHIJIANSHE、JICENGSHEHUIJIANSHEYIJIJICENGSHEHUIDE“ZUZHIZAIZAO”JINCHENGZHONG,QIANGHUA“ZHINENGHUA”JIUCHENGWEIYIGEZHONGYAODEXUANXIANG。LIRU,ZAIJICENGDANGZUZHIJIANSHEZHONG,“XUDUODIFANGZHUDONGSHIYINGWANGLUOXINXIJISHURIXINYUEYIFAZHANDUIDANGDEJIANSHETICHUDEXINYAOQIU,JIANCHIYUSHIDAITONGBU、YUKEJITONGXING,JIJITUIJIN‘HULIANWANG+DANGJIAN’‘ZHIHUIDANGJIAN’,WEIJICENGDANGJIANCHASHANGLEHULIANWANGCHIBANG”22。TONGYANG,ZAIJICENGSHEHUIJIANSHEDE“ZUZHIZAIZAO”ZHONG,YEXUYAOZHONGSHI“ZHINENGHUA”JISHUSHOUDUANDEYUNYONG。

                            星云棋牌官网下载   DANSHI,BIXUZHICHUDESHI,ZAIYUNYONGXIANDAIJISHUJIAQIANGJICENGSHEHUI“ZUZHIZAIZAO”DEGUOCHENGZHONG,CHUXIANLEYUXIANDAIJISHUXIANGGUANDELIANGGEWENTI:DIYI,DUIJISHUDEGUODUYILAI,HUOZHESHUOSHISHEHUIJIANSHEDEJISHUZHUYIQUXIANG。ZHEIZHONGQINGKUANGDEJIZHIFAZHANJIUSHIRENWEIJISHUSHIWANNENGDE,NENGGOUJIEJUEJICENGSHEHUI“ZUZHIZAIZAO”ZHONGDEYIQIEWENTI,YINERZHIQIANGDIAOLENGBINGBINGDEJISHUYUNYONG,HUSHISHEHUIJIANSHEZHONGBUKEHUOQUEDERENWENGUANHUAI。ZHEIYANGDESHEHUIJIANSHESHIBUKENENGZHANGJIUDE,CHONGQILIANGYEZHINENGXINGCHENGJIXIESHIDESHEHUITUANJIE,ERFEIYOUJIDESHEHUIGOUZAO。DIER,YINYINGYONGJISHUERCHANSHENGDEJISHULUNLIWENTI。ZAIJICENGSHEHUI“ZUZHIZAIZAO”GUOCHENGZHONG,JIAOWEITUCHUDEJIUSHIGONGGONGSHIPINJIANKONGDUIGONGZHONGSUOCHANSHENGDELUNLISHANGHAI。KEYISHUO,GONGGONGSHIPINJIANKONGSHIBANGZHUGONGGONGBUMENSHIXIANSHEHUIZHILIZUIWEIPUBIAN、YEZUIWEIJIANDANDEYIZHONGJISHUYUNYONG。RANER,GONGGONGSHIPINJIANKONGXITONGSUOGOUJIANDEQUANLITIXI,SUIRANYOULIYUWEIHUSHEHUIZHIXU,YEKEYIKANZUOSHISHEHUIZHILIMOSHIDEYIZHONGCHUANGXIN,DANSHI,TAYEDIANFULEGONGGONGCHANGSUOHESIRENCHANGSUODEJIEXIAN,JILUZHEGONGMINDEXINGZONG,SHIGONGMINDESHENGHUOBAOLUZAITARENDEZHUSHIZHONG,MEIGERENDOUCHENGWEIBEIJIANSHIDEREN。YINER,GONGGONGSHIPINJIANKONGDELANYONGBIJIANGYANZHONGWEIXIEGONGMINDEYINSIQUAN23。

                              三、化解基层社会“组织再造”存在问题的对策

                            星云棋牌官网下载   MAKESIZHICHU,“ZHENLIDEBIANSHIJIEXIAOSHIYIHOU,LISHIDERENWUJIUSHIQUELICIANSHIJIEDEZHENLI”24。ZHEISHIYONGYUDANGXIAZHONGGUODEJICENGZHILI:ZAISHICHANGHUAHE“QUDANWEIHUA”SHUANGZHONGYINGXIANGXIA,JIHUATIZHITIAOJIANXIAQUYUWUTUOBANGSHIDECHENGXIANGJICENGSHEHUIJIEGOUQUYUWAJIEZHIHOU,RUHEZHONGGOUJICENGSHEHUI,SHIXIANJICENGSHEHUIDE“ZAIZUZHIHUA”,JIUCHENGWEIDANGXIAZHONGGUOMIANLINDEBIXUJIAYIJIEJUEDESHIDAIMINGTI。YINCI,GENJUQIANSHUJICENGSHEHUI“ZUZHIZAIZAO”GUOCHENGZHONGCUNZAIWENTIDEFENXI,DAZHIKEYICONGXIASHUJIGEFANGMIANJIAYIJIEJUE。

                              1.实现价值观念的现代转型

                            星云棋牌官网下载   DUIYUJICENGSHEHUI“ZUZHIZAIZAO”LAISHUO,LILUNHEJIAZHIGUANNIANDEYIYISHIBUYANZIMINGDE。GUANYULILUNDEYIYI,LIENINGCENGJINGZHICHU,“MEIYOUGEMINGDELILUN,JIUBUHUIYOUGEMINGDEYUNDONG”25。RUGUOWOMENBADANGXIAZHONGGUOFASHENGDEJICENGSHEHUIJIANSHEYUNDONGJIQI“ZUZHIZAIZAO”KANZUOSHIYICHANGSHENKEDESHEHUIBIANGEDEHUA,NEIME,TAJIUXUYAOYOUSHENKEDESIXIANGZUOWEILILUNSHANGDEZHUNBEI。

                              YINGDANGSHUO,“XIJINPINGXINSHIDAIZHONGGUOTESESHEHUIZHUYISIXIANG”SHIDANGXIAZHONGGUOJICENGSHEHUIJIANSHEJIQI“ZUZHIZAIZAO”DELILUNJICHU。NEIME,JIRANYOULELILUNJICHU,WEISHENMEHAIXUYAOJIAZHIGUANNIANDEXIANDAIZHUANXINGNI?ZHEIZHUYAOSHIYINWEI,YIFANGMIAN,XIJINPINGXINSHIDAIZHONGGUOTESESHEHUIZHUYISIXIANGZUOWEIHONGGUANDELILUNTIXI,DUIYUJICENGDEDANGZHENGGANBUHEQUNZHONGLAISHUO,XUYAORENZHENXUEXIHELINGHUI,BINGNENGGOUYUNYONGDAOJUTIDE、WEIGUANDEJICENGSHEHUI“ZUZHIZAIZAO”SHIJIANZHONG。ZHEIYIGUOCHENGZIRANJIUSHIYIGELILUNDEZHUANHUAGUOCHENG。LINGYIFANGMIAN,GAIGEKAIFANGYILAI,JICENGSHEHUIYIJINGFASHENGLEJIJUDEBIANHUA,JICENGDEDANGZHENGGANBUHEQUNZHONGBINGBUWANQUANSHIYINGZHEIZHONGBIANHUA。ZHEIZHONGBUSHIYINGBIAOXIANZAIJIAZHIGUANNIANLINGYU,JICENGDEDANGZHENGGANBUJIXUBAOZHECHUANTONGDE、CHENJIUDE、SHIXIAODEGUANNIANBUFANG,WANQUANMEIYOUZUOHAOJICENGSHEHUI“ZUZHIZAIZAO”ZAILILUNHEGUANNIANSHANGDEZHUNBEI,BINGYOUCIJINYIBUDAOZHIJICENGDANGZHENGGANBUDE“BENLINGKONGHUANG”、“BENLINGBUZU”HE“BENLINGLUOHOU”,CONGERWUFAGAOHAO“ZUZHIZAIZAO”GONGZUO;JICENGQUNZHONGZEBIAOXIANCHUFUZADESHENZHISHIMAODUNDEQINGXING,BUFENQUNZHONGDUIYUJICENGSHEHUIDE“QUZUZHIHUA”XIANXIANGWUDONGYUZHONG,GANYUANSHENGHUOZAI“TUOQIAN”DEZHUANGTAIZHIZHONG,BUFENQUNZHONGBUMANYUMUQIANJICENGSHEHUIDE“QUZUZHIHUA”XIANXIANG,FANERKEWANGHUIDAOCHUANTONGDEDANWEIZHISHEHUIZHIZHONG。YINCI,YAOSHIYINGJICENGSHEHUIDEFAZHANBIANHUA,JINXINGJICENGSHEHUIDE“ZUZHIZAIZAO”,BIXUSHIXIANJIAZHIGUANNIANDEXIANDAIZHUANXING。

                              2.推动社会组织责任意识的确立和巩固

                            星云棋牌官网下载   ANZHAO“DANGWEILINGDAO、ZHENGFUFUZE、SHEHUIXIETONG、GONGZHONGCANYU、FAZHIBAOZHANGDESHEHUIGUANLITIZHI”DEYAOQIU,GENJUDANGXIAZHONGGUOJICENGSHEHUIFAZHANBIANHUADESHIJI,YIJIJICENGSHEHUI“ZUZHIZAIZAO”GONGGUDANGDEZHIZHENGJICHUDEZHENGZHIMUBIAOSUQIU,SHEHUIZUZHIYINGDANGZAIJICENGSHEHUI“ZUZHIZAIZAO”ZHONGFAHUIZHONGYAODEZUOYONG。DANSHI,YOUYUZHONGZHONGYUANYIN,ZAOCHENGWOGUODESHEHUIZUZHIBULUNSHIZAIGUIMOSHANGHAISHIZAIGONGNENGSHANG,DOUCUNZAIZHEYUXIANDAISHEHUIFAZHANDEYAOQIUBUXIANGSHIYINGDEWENTI,YOUQISHISHEHUIZUZHIDEZERENYISHIBUZU,WUFADANDANGQIJICENGSHEHUI“ZUZHIZAIZAO”DEYINGYOUZEREN26。YINCI,ZAIJICENGSHEHUI“ZUZHIZAIZAO”GUOCHENGZHONG,BIXUZAIDALIFAZHANSHEHUIZUZHISHULIANGDETONGSHI,HAIYAOZHILIYUTIGAOSHEHUIZUZHIDEZHILIANG。ZAIZHEILI,SHEHUIZUZHIDEZHILIANGZHUYAOSHIZHISHEHUIZUZHIDEZIZHUXING,YOUQISHICANYUJICENGSHEHUI“ZUZHIZAIZAO”DEZERENYISHI,YIJIZAIZHEIYIGUOCHENGZHONGYUDANGWEI-ZHENGFUHEZUODEJINGSHENHENENGLI。XUYAOZHICHUDESHI,SHEHUIZUZHIDEZIZHUXINGRUHE,BINGBUZAIYUQIGUIMOYUEDAYUEHAO、RENSHUYUEDUOYUEHAO。MEIGUOJINGJIXUEJIAMANKUER·AOERSENDEYIGEGUANDIANZHIDEZHUYI,TARENWEI,“XIAOXINGJITUANBIDAXINGJITUANGENGRONGYIZUZHI”27。ZHEIYETIXINGWOMEN,SHEHUIZUZHIBUYICHAOZHEDAERQUANDEFANGXIANGFAZHAN,ERSHIDUOFAZHANNEIXIEGUIMOXIAODANLINGHUODESHEHUIZUZHI,YINWEITAYOUZHUYUTIGAOZHENGGESHEHUIDEZUZHINENGLI。

                            星云棋牌官网下载   DUIYUSHEHUIZUZHILAISHUO,YINGDANGCHONGFENYISHIDAO,JIAQIANGJICENGSHEHUIJIANSHE,TUIDONGJICENGSHEHUIDE“ZUZHIZAIZAO”,ZHEIYIRENWUBINGBUNENGYINWEIDANGWEI-ZHENGFUJUYUZHUDAODIWEI,JIUYINCIERRENWEIDANGWEI-ZHENGFULONGDUANLEBAOKUO“ZUZHIZAIZAO”ZAINEIDEJICENGSHEHUIJIANSHEHEZHILIDEGEXIANGSHIWU,JINERPAICHIQITABUMENCANYU“ZUZHIZAIZAO”DEQUANLI、ZERENHEYIWU。SHEHUIZUZHIBIXUMINGQUEZISHENZAIJICENGSHEHUIJIANSHEHEZHILIZHONGDEZERENZHUTIDIWEI,BINGCHONGFENCANYUDAOGEXIANGSHIWUZHIZHONG。ZHIYOUZHEIYANG,CAINENGSHIXIANJICENGSHEHUIDETONGCHOUXIEDIAOFAZHAN,JIFAZHENGGESHEHUIDEHUOLI,SHIXIANSHEHUIDEYOUJITUANJIE。

                            星云棋牌官网下载   NEIME,SHEHUIZUZHIDEZERENYISHICONGNALILAI?TACONGJICENGSHEHUI“ZUZHIZAIZAO”DEXIANSHIXUYAOZHONGLAI,CONGXIANDAISHEHUIZUZHIJIEGOUDEHELIXINGLILUNYAOQIUZHONGLAI。DANGRAN,YECONGDANGWEI-ZHENGFUDUISHEHUIZUZHIDEZIYUANPEIZHIHENENGLIFUYUZHONGLAI。YINWEI,SHEHUIZUZHIDEZERENYISHISHIYUQIQUANNENGFUYUDEZHUANGKUANGMIQIEXIANGGUANDE。

                              3.优化条块关系与提升治理能力

                            星云棋牌官网下载   GENJUJICENGSHEHUIJIANSHEYIJIJICENGSHEHUI“ZUZHIZAIZAO”GUOCHENGZHONG,TIAOKUAIGUANXICUNZAIDEZHIZEBUQING、HUXIANGTUIWEIYIJIJIANGHUADE“TIAO”“KUAI”YUNXINGMOSHIYURIYIFUZADEJICENGSHEHUIBUXIANGSHIYINGDEQINGKUANG,ZAITUIJINJICENGSHEHUI“ZUZHIZAIZAO”GUOCHENGZHONG,YOUHUADANGWEI-ZHENGFUNEIBUDETIAOKUAIGUANXI、TISHENGQIZHILINENGLISHIFENZHONGYAO。

                              RUHEYOUHUADANGWEI-ZHENGFUNEIBUDETIAOKUAIGUANXI,YIGENGHAODITUIJINJICENGSHEHUIDE“ZUZHIZAIZAO”GONGZUO,SHOUYAOJIUSHIDAPO“TIAOKUAIFENGE”HEBUMENZHIJIANDEQUANLIYULIYIBILEI,QIANGHUADANGWEI-ZHENGFUBUMENZHIJIANDEHEZUOYISHI,BINGQIBUMENZHUYI、DIFANGZHUYI、SHANTOUZHUYI、XINGSHIZHUYIDENGBULIANGZUOFENGHEQINGXIANG,JIANCHIZHENGQUEDEQUANLIGUAN,BINGZAIGONGGONGQUANLIDEYUNYONGGUOCHENGZHONG,BINGQIQUANLIBENWEIDEGUANNIAN,FANGZHIGUODUDEXINGZHENGGANYU,SHIXIANCONG“GUANLI”DAO“ZHILI”DEZHUANBIAN,YISHIFANGCHUGENGDUODESHEHUIHUOLI。YINGDANGRENSHIDAO,BULUNSHI“TIAO”HAISHI“KUAI”,DOUMEIYOUTESHUDEDULIYUSHEHUI、DULIYURENMINQUNZHONGDEQUANLIHELIYI,QUANLIDOUSHIRENMINFUYUDE,ZIRANJIUYAOYUNYONGDAOWEIRENMINFUWUDEGONGGONGSHIWUZHONGQU。RUGUOYIDINGYAOQUFEN“TIAO”HE“KUAI”DECHABIE,NEIYEZHISHIFUWUDEJUTINEIRONGCUNZAIBUTONG。YOULEZHEIYANGDEGUANNIANHERENSHI,TIAOKUAIGUANXIZHONGCUNZAIDEWENTIHUOKEYINGRENERJIE。GUANYURUHETISHENGDANGWEI-ZHENGFUJIXIANGGUANZHINENGBUMENZAIJICENGSHEHUI“ZUZHIZAIZAO”ZHONGDEZHILINENGLI,YOUXUEZHEMINGQUETICHU,ZAIJICENGSHEHUIZHILISHIWURIYIFUZADEQINGKUANGXIA,JICENGSHEHUIZHILINENGLIDETISHENG,XUYAOCHONGFENFAHUI“TIAO”“KUAI”GEZIDEZHILINENGLIYOUSHI,JIFAHUI“TIAO”ZAI“ZHUANYEZHISHI”SHANGDEYOUSHI,LIYONGZHUANYEDEZHISHIDUIWU,TIGONGBIAOZHUNHUAHEZHUANYEHUADEGUANLIHEFUWU;FAHUI“KUAI”ZAIZHILIXIAQU“SHURENSHEHUI”ZHONGJUYOUDE“QINGGAN”HE“DAODESHUOJIAO”YOUSHI,YUNYONGQISIRENSHEHUIWANGLUOCHANSHENGDEFEIZHENGSHIQUANLI28。

                              4.以产城融合推进社会空间结构的合理布局

                            星云棋牌官网下载   ZAIYIDINGYIYISHANG,GAIGEKAIFANGJINCHENGZHONGCHUXIANDEJICENGSHEHUI“QUZUZHIHUA”XIANXIANG,SHIYURENMENDEGONGZUOCHANGSUOHEJUZHUCHANGSUODEFENLICUNZAIYIDINGGUANLIANDE。ZAIJIHUAJINGJISHIDAI,NONGMINDESHENGCHANHESHENGHUOSHIZAICUNZHUANGFANWEINEIJINXINGDE,CHENGSHIJUMINDESHENGCHANHESHENGHUOZESHIZAIDANWEIHEDANWEISHEQU(JIASHUYUAN)ZHONGJINXINGDE29。BUGUANSHINONGCUNSHEQUHAISHICHENGSHISHEQU,TAMENDOUYOUBARENMENLIANXIZAIYIQIDENIUDAI(ZAINONGCUNZHUYAOBIAOXIANWEIXUEYUAN,ZAIDANWEISHEQUZHUYAOBIAOXIANWEIYEYUAN)。ZHENGSHIZHEIXIENIUDAISHIRENMENYONGYOULEZUZHIGAN、GUISHUGAN、RENTONGGAN。DANSHI,SUIZHEGAIGEKAIFANGDETUIJIN,TEBIESHICHENGSHIZHUFANGZHIDUGAIGEDETUIJIN30,GAIBIANLECHENGSHIGUOQUNEIZHONGZAICHANCHENGRONGHEYUANZEXIAXINGCHENGDESHEHUIKONGJIANJIEGOU,XINXINGDESHANGPINFANGXIAOQUGAISHANLECHENGSHIJUMINDESHENGHUOTIAOJIAN,DANSHI,SHANGPINFANGXIAOQUZHONGDEJUMINQUESHIQULEDANWEISHEQUDEYEYUANGUANXI,SHEQUJUMINZHIJIANSHUYU“MOSHENGREN”DEGUANXI,ZAIJIASHANGXINXIJISHUDEGUANGFANYINGYONG,GEZHONGXINXINGDEWANGLUOGONGJUZHENGZAIHUOYIJINGDADADIGAIBIANLERENMENDESHENGCHANFANGSHI、SHENGHUOFANGSHI、JIAOWANGFANGSHI,TAZAIJIRENMENDAILAIZHUDUOBIANLIDETONGSHI,YEDAOZHILEJICENGSHEHUIDE“XUNIHUAHEQUZHONGXINHUADETEZHENG”31,RENMENZHIJIANDEGUANXIRIJIANSHULI。NONGCUNSHEQUDEFAZHANZIRANHECHENGSHISHEQUBUTONG,DANSHI,NONGCUNZAICHENGZHENHUADEGUOCHENGZHONG,QIFAZHANDEQUSHIBIRANSHIYAOXIANGCHENGSHISHEQUKANQIDE(SUIRANZAINONGCUNSHEQU,DIYUAN、XUEYUANHAIFAHUIZHEZUOYONG,DANSUIZHESHIJIANDETUIYI,QIZUOYONGHUIZHUJIANJIANRUO)32。

                              SUIRANWOMENBUNENGANZHAOJIHUAJINGJISHIQIDEZUOFA,ZAIDUSHISHIFULIFENPEIFANGWUDEZHIDU,DANSHI,WOMENKEYIGUANCHECHANCHENGRONGHEDEYUANZE,JINXINGSHEHUIKONGJIANJIEGOUDEDIAOZHENG,BINGBATAZUOWEISHEQUJIANSHEDEHEXINNEIRONG。YINWEITONGGUOCHANCHENGRONGHEDEYUANZEJINXINGSHEQUJIANSHE,KEYIRANGJUMINYONGYOUMOUZHONGGONGTONGDEDONGXI,YONGYOUMOUZHONGGONGTONGDENIUDAI,ZHEISHISHEQUJUMINGONGJIAN、GONGZHI、GONGXIANGSHEQUSHIWUDEQIANTI,YESHIBASHEQUJUMINZUZHIQILAIDEYOUXIAOSHOUDUAN。DANGRAN,ZAIMUQIANDETIAOJIANXIA,YAOZUODAOCHANCHENGRONGHE,KENENGXUYAOZHENGFUZUOCHUJIAODUODENULI,LIRU,CHENGSHIFAZHANGUIHUA、JINGJISHIYONGFANGDEGONGJI、JUMINGUANNIANDEDIAOSHIDENGFANGMIAN。

                              结 语

                              “JICHUBULAO,DIDONGSHANYAO。”WOGUOJICENGSHEHUIDE“QUZUZHIHUA”XIANXIANG,DAPOLEJIDINGDESHEHUIJIEGOUHESHEHUIZHIXU,RUGUOBUNENGDUIJICENGSHEHUIJINXINGYOUXIAODE“ZAIZUZHIHUA”,ZHONGZHENGSHEHUIJIEGOUHESHEHUIZHIXU,NEIME,WOGUOSHEHUIDEWENDINGYUHEXIEJIUHUIYUDAOTIAOZHANHEWEIJI,DANGZHIZHENGDEJICHUYUZIYUANJIUHUIBUDUANLIUSHI。TEBIESHIZAI“WOGUOFAZHANJINRUXINJIEDUAN,GAIGEJINRUGONGJIANQIHESHENSHUIQU”33DEQINGKUANGXIA,WOGUOGENGJIAXUYAOSHEHUIZHENGZHIZHIXUDEHEXIEYUWENDING。YINER,ZAIZHEIGEYIYISHANG,WOMENBIXUJIAQIANGJICENGSHEHUIJIANSHE,TUIDONGJICENGSHEHUIDE“ZUZHIZAIZAO”。

                              TONGSHI,WOMENYINGDANGBAJICENGSHEHUIDE“ZUZHIZAIZAO”KANZUOSHIYIXIANGXITONGGONGCHENG,BATAKANZUOSHIYIGE“SHUANGXIANGJIANGOU”DEGUOCHENG——JISHIGUOJIAJIANSHEDEZUCHENGBUFEN,YOUSHISHEHUIZIZHIDEZUCHENGBUFEN34,YINCI,BINGZHEGAIGECHUANGXINDETANSUOJINGSHEN,BA“JIAQIANGJICENGDANGDEJIANSHE、GONGGUDANGDEZHIZHENGJICHU”ZUOWEIZUOHAOJICENGSHEHUI“ZUZHIZAIZAO”GONGZUODEZHUXIAN,BUJINKEYITUIDONGJICENGSHEHUIZHILITIZHIHEZHILINENGLIDEXIANDAIHUA,ERQIENENGGOU“WEIHANGSHIDANGDEZHIZHENGGENJI、GONGGUJICENGZHENGQUANTIGONGYOULIZHICHENG,WEITUIJINGUOJIAZHILITIXIHEZHILINENGLIXIANDAIHUADIANDINGJIANSHIJICHU”35。

                              注释

                              1 《中共中央关于全面深化改革若干重大问题的决定》,《人民日报》2013年11月16日。
                              2 郝宇青:《加强基层组织建设的政治逻辑》,《行政论坛》2018年第1期。
                              3张荣臣:《全面提升基层党组织的组织力》,《党课参考》2018年第6期。
                              4郝宇青:《从分化到整合:改革开放40年社会变迁的动力及其转换》,《江西师范大学学报》2018年第5期。
                              5李强、王莹:《社会治理与基层社区治理论纲》,《新视野》2015年第6期。
                              6参见孙立平《我们在开始面对一个断裂的社会》,《战略与管理》2002年第2期。
                              7《强化反腐败体制机制创新和制度保障,深入推进党风廉政建设和反腐败斗争》,《人民日报》2014年1月15日。
                              8习近平:《决胜全面建成小康社会夺取新时代中国特色社会主义伟大胜利——在中国共产党第十九次全国代表大会上的报告》,《人民日报》2017年10月28日。
                              9《中共中央国务院关于加强和完善城乡社区治理的意见》,http://211.85.197.33:80/rwt/02/http/P75YPLUZNFYGR7LBN3TYILUDN7XB/politics/2017-06/12/c_1121130511.htm。
                              10习近平:《决胜全面建成小康社会夺取新时代中国特色社会主义伟大胜利——在中国共产党第十九次全国代表大会上的报告》,《人民日报》2017年10月28日。
                              11[美] 艾伯特·O.赫希曼:《退出、呼吁与忠诚——对企业、组织和国家衰退的回应》,卢昌崇译,格致出版社、上海人民出版社2015年版,译者序,第3页。
                              12刘永深、陈那波:《碎片化的城市社会与地方治理创新——以A市城管综合执法为例》,《上海行政学院学报》2018年第4期。
                              13据新华每日电讯记者字强在基层采访时发现,现在很多基层干部都有一个共同的感受,那就是“本领恐慌”。很多人觉得自身知识、素养、眼界、能力跟不上形势变化,工作压力越来越大。参见字强《干部感到“本领恐慌”非坏事》,《新华每日电讯》2018年4月27日。
                              14胡锦涛:《坚定不移沿着中国特色社会主义道路前进为全面建成小康社会而奋斗——在中国共产党第十八次全国代表大会上的报告》,《人民日报》2012年11月18日。
                              15王郅强、张晓君:《社会治理体系构建面临的结构性失衡及其调适路径——基于耗散结构理论视角》,《经济社会体制比较》2017年第3期。
                              16《马克思恩格斯选集》第1卷,人民出版社1995年版,第678页。
                              17《中共中央关于全面深化改革若干重大问题的决定》,《人民日报》2013年11月16日。
                              18周学荣:《社会组织参与社会治理的理论思考与提升治理能力的路径研究》,《湖北大学学报》2018年第6期。
                              19郝宇青:《基层社会治理中的“组织再造”——基于上海市闵行区江川路街道实践的分析》,《公共治理研究》2019年第1期。
                              20周振超:《条块关系:政府间关系的一种分析视角》,《齐鲁学刊》2006年第3期。
                              21张康之:《时代特征中的复杂性和不确定性》,《学术界》2007年第1期。
                              22张海洋、李永洪:《元治理与推进中国国家治理能力现代化的耦合逻辑及实现理路》,《理论导刊》2016年第9期。
                              23孟天广、赵娟:《大数据驱动的智能化社会治理:理论建构与治理体系》,《电子政务》2018年第8期。
                              24李景田:《巩固党长期执政的组织基础——创新新时代城市基层党建工作》,《人民日报》2019年1月29日。
                              25顾理平、王飔蒙:《社会治理与公民隐私权的冲突——从超级全景监狱理论看公共视频监控》,《现代传播》2017年第6期。
                              26《马克思恩格斯选集》第1卷,人民出版社1995年版,第2页。
                              27《列宁选集》第1卷,人民出版社1995年版,第311页。
                              28李强、王莹:《社会治理与基层社区治理论纲》,《新视野》2015年第6期。
                              29[美] 曼库尔·奥尔森:《国家兴衰探源——经济增长、滞胀与社会僵化》,吕应中等译,商务印书馆1993年版,第194页。
                              30徐勇:《城市基层治理能力提升路径:“条块”关系优化》,《福建行政学院学报》2018年第3期。
                              31在计划经济时代,城市基本上是按照“产城融合”的原则进行规划和建设的。单位和单位社区基本上是在一起的,即使不在一起,也不会距离太远。农村基本上延续了传统的以血缘为主体的建构原则,但是这与“产城融合”原则也是相符的,只是农村的建构不使用“产城融合”这一术语而已
                              321998年7月,国务院发布《关于进一步深化城镇住房制度改革加快住房建设的通知》,宣布从1998年下半年开始,全面停止住房实物分配,实行住房分配货币化。这带来了中国城镇住房制度根本性的转变
                              33张康之:《时代特征中的复杂性和不确定性》,《学术界》2007年第1期。
                              34尽管农村社区在产权制度方面没有什么变化,但必须承认的是,一方面,各地推进新型城镇化建设的过程,就是不断从农村汲取人力、物力和财力的过程,就是不断掏空基层的过程;另一方面,大量农民工“候鸟式”地流动于农村和城市之间,农民工的身份尴尬,他们自己都说不清自己究竟是“什么人”,但是,一个趋势是农民工的农民色彩在逐渐地褪去(尤其是所谓“二代农民工”及新生代农民工),这两个方面汇合在一起,势必会导致农村的“空心化”,更为严重的是一些村庄趋于不断消逝的过程中。农村的“空心化”在某种意义上也可以看作是“去组织化”的一种表现形式。
                              35《中共中央关于全面深化改革若干重大问题的决定》,《人民日报》2013年11月16日。
                              36孙柏瑛、武俊伟:《“双向建构”中的城市政府基层社会治理转型——路径、困境与未来展望》,《公共管理与政策评论》2018年第1期。
                            星云棋牌官网下载   37《中共中央国务院关于加强和完善城乡社区治理的意见》,http://211.85.197.33:80/rwt/02/http/P75YPLUZNFYGR7LBN3TYILUDN7XB/politics/2017-06/12/c_1121130511.htm。

                              周敏晖,郝宇青.基层社会治理中的“组织再造”:问题与对策[J].社会科学,2019(11):30-38.
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