星云棋牌官网下载

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                          西方的英国经济社会史研究

                          时间:2018-12-10 来源:未知 作者:乐枫 本文字数:7856字

                          英国史论文精心编辑范文10篇之第四篇:西方的英国经济社会史研究

                            摘要:19世纪末以来, 英国经济社会史研究长期受到国际学术界的关注, 如今已经发展成为一门比较成熟的分支学科。工业革命以及与此相关的经济社会转型何以最早发生在英国, 始终是英国经济社会史研究的重要议题。随着经济社会全球化新阶段的到来, 20世纪下半叶兴起的全球史学科, 同样关注工业革命以及与此相关的经济社会转型议题。随着研究视野的不断扩大, 人们对英国经济社会史研究主题的理解和认识日益深化。从所谓的"英国奇迹"到"欧洲奇迹", 再到"世界奇迹", 西方的英国经济社会史研究逐步走向深入。在全球史的影响下, 西方的英国经济社会史研究呈现出多样性、多层次性和多变性特征。因此, 中国的英国经济社会史学者更加迫切地需要正视全球史带来的推动。

                            关键词星云棋牌官网下载:全球史; 经济社会史; 英国; 经济社会转型; 互动;

                            Abstract:

                          星云棋牌官网下载   There has been considerable interest in the studies of British economic and social history since the late nineteenth century. As an important component of the discipline of economic and social history, British economic and social history has always focused on issues such as the Industrial Revolution and placed the related economic and social transformation on top of its agenda. Moving into the new stage of economic and social globalization, the new discipline of global history emerged in the second half of the twentieth century, which also focuses on the social and economic transformation in Britain since the Industrial Revolution. We will acquire new insight on the studies of British economic and social history from the viewpoint of global history. For example, scholars have shifted the view of the Industrial Revolution from the English Miracle to the European Miracle, and then to the World Miracle, which clearly indicates the influence of global history. It in turn will lead to changes in British economic and social historical studies.

                          英国历史

                            "JINGJISHEHUISHI" (economic and social history) YICIZUIZAOCHUXIANYU19SHIJIMO。1890NIANCHUBANDELIANGJUANBEN《XINYINGGELANJINGJISHEHUISHI (1620-1789) 》, YOUMEIGUOZHIZAOSHANGJIANLISHIXUEJIAWEILIAN·BABUKEKE·WEIDENG (William Babcock Weeden, 1834-1912) ZHUANXIE, SHIQIJINWEIZHIWOMENSUONENGJIANDAODEYI"JINGJISHEHUISHI"GUANMINGDESHOUBUXUESHUZHUZUO。1DANGSHIXUESHUJIEDUIZHEIBUZHUZUOPINGJIASHENGAO, RENWEITAZAIHENDACHENGDUSHANGTIANBULE"YIXIANGKONGBAIYANJIULINGYU", WEIDENGYINCIBEIYUWEI"XINYANJIULINGYUDEKAILUXIANFENG".2WEIDENGJINGUANSHIDANGSHIZHIMINGDEZHIZAOSHANG, DANTAZAIBUHUOZHINIANQISHANGCONGWEN, ZUIHOUZHUYAOSHIZUOWEIYIGESHIXUEYANJIULINGYUDE"KAITUOZHE"ERBEIHOURENMINGJI。3WEIDENGDEZHUZUOFUYICHUBAN, JIUYINQILEYINGGUOJINGJISHIXUEKEDEZHONGYAODIANJIRENKANNINGAN (William Cunningham, 1849-1919) DEGUANZHU。41892NIANKANNINGANZAITADEDAIBIAOZUOTONGSHI"YESHIYINGGUOLISHIJINGJIXUEZUIZHONGYAODEWENXIAN"《YINGGUOGONGSHANGYEDEFAZHAN》ZAIBANSHI, JISHIXISHOULEWEIDENGDEYANJIUCHENGGUO, BINGBAWEIDENGDEZHUZUOLIERU"QUANWEIZHUZUOSHUMU".5WEIDENGZHUANXIEDEXINYINGGELANJINGJISHEHUISHI, SHUYUYINGGUOZHIMINDIJINGJISHEHUISHINEIRONG, YINERSHOUDAOLEKANNINGANDEGUANZHU。YINGGUOJINGJISHEHUISHIYANJIUYOUCILANSHANG。

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                            注释
                            1 William B.Weeden, Economic and Social History of New England, 1620-1789, 2 Vols., Houghton, Mifflin and Company, 1890.
                            2 H.L.Osgood, "Review:Economic and Social History of New England, 1620-1789 by William B.Weeden", Political Science Quarterly, Vol.5, No.4, Dec., 1890, p.722;C.M.Andrews, "Review:Economic and Social History of New England, 1620-1789 by William B.Weeden", Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, Vol.1, Apr., 1891, p.697.
                            3 Dumas Malone, ed., Dictionary of American Biography, Vol.X, Charles Scribner's Sons, 1964, p.600.
                            4 尽管阿什利 (Sir William Ashley, 1860-1927) 1892年担任哈佛大学经济史教授, 从而成为英语国家首位经济史教授, 但在克拉番看来, 坎宁安对开创英国经济史学科的贡献更大一些。J.H.Clapham, "Sir William Ashley", The Economic Journal, Vol.37, No.148, Dec., 1927, p.680.
                            5 坎宁安的这部著作初版于1882年, 当时就引起了英国工业革命史专题研究领域的开拓者阿诺德·汤因比的关注, 汤因比还在自己的讲稿和著作中引证了坎宁安的这部著作。杰拉德·M.库特:《英国历史经济学:经济史学科的兴起与新重商主义 (1870-1926) 》, 乔吉燕译, 中国人民大学出版社2010年版, 第160页;W.Cunningham, The Growth of English Industry and Commerce, Vol.2, Cambridge:At the University Press, 1892, pp.107, 315, 737;Arnold Toynbee, Lectures on the Industrial Revolution in England, Rivingtons, 1884, p.96.
                            6 徐浩、侯建新:《当代西方史学流派》, 中国人民大学出版社2009年版, 第279-283页。
                            7 侯建新主编:《经济-社会史:历史研究的新方向》, 商务印书馆2002年版, 第19-36页;徐浩、侯建新:《当代西方史学流派》, 第284-288页。
                            8 侯建新、龙秀清:《近二十年英国中世纪经济-社会史研究的新动向》, 《历史研究》2011年第5期。
                            9 R.R.Bowker, George Isles, eds., The Reader's Guide in Economic, Social and Political Science, G.P.Putnam's Sons, 1891, p.45.
                            10 W.Cunningham, The Growth of English Industry and Commerce, Vol.2, Preface, pp.V-VI;1-2.
                            11 徐浩、侯建新:《当代西方史学流派》, 第279-280页。
                            12 Andre Maurois, tr.by Hamish Miles, The Miracle of England, Harper & Brothers Publishers, 1937;艾伦·麦克法兰主讲、刘北成评议、刘东主持:《现代世界的诞生》, 上海人民出版社2013年版, 第11-12页。
                            13 Eric Jones, The Europe Miracle, Cambridge University Press, 2003, pp.IX-XVIII.
                            14 皮尔·弗里斯:《国家、经济与大分流》, 郭金兴译, 中信出版集团2018年版, 第1-2页。
                            15 李伯重:《"大分流"之后:"加州学派"的二十年》, 《读书》2019年第1期。
                            16 马立博:《现代世界的起源》, 夏继果译, 商务印书馆2017年版, "中文版序", 第II页。
                            17 马立博:《现代世界的起源》, 第18页。
                            18 马立博:《现代世界的起源》, 第206-207页。
                            19 刘新成:《什么是全球史》, 《历史教学问题》2007年第2期。
                            20 董欣洁:《巴勒克拉夫全球史研究》, 中国社会科学出版社2017年版, 第21页。
                            21 参见刘新成:《"全球史译丛"总序》, 载塞巴斯蒂安·康拉德:《全球史是什么》, 杜宪兵译, 中信集团2018年版, 第 III-V页;刘新成:《全球史观与近代早期世界史编纂》, 《世界历史》2006年第1期;《什么是全球史》, 《历史教学问题》2007年第2期;《文明互动:从文明史到全球史》, 《历史研究》2013年第1期;董欣洁:《变动世界中的世界史编撰》, 《史学理论研究》2014年第2期;《巴勒克拉夫全球史研究》, 第21-26页。
                            22 刘新成:《文明互动:从文明史到全球史》, 《历史研究》2013年第1期。
                            23 刘新成:《互动:全球史观的核心理念》, 载刘新成主编:《全球史评论》第2辑, 中国社会科学出版社2009年版, 第3-12页。
                            24 参见汤因比:《历史研究》上册, 曹未风译, 上海人民出版社1966年版, 第11-15页;阿诺德·汤因比:《历史研究》上卷, 郭小凌等译, 上海人民出版社2016年版, 第13-14页。
                            25 塞巴斯蒂安·康拉德:《全球史是什么》, 第74、113页。
                            26 刘新成:《"全球史译丛"总序》, 第VI页;《全球史观与近代早期世界史编纂》, 《世界历史》2006年第1期;《什么是全球史》, 《历史教学问题》2007年第2期。
                            27 William Gervase, Clarence-Smith, Kenneth Pomeranz, Peer Vries, "Editorial", Journal of Global History, Vol.1, Issue 1, March, 2006, pp.1-2.
                            28 Richard Drayton, David Motadel, "Discussion:The Future of Global History", Journal of Global History, Vol.13, Issue 1, March, 2018, pp.1-21.哈里·李伯森:《什么是全球史--新讨论与新趋势》, 乐启良译, 《社会科学战线》2019年第3期。
                            29 董欣洁:《巴勒克拉夫全球史研究》, 第25-26页。
                            30 施诚:《全球史研究主题评介》, 《史学理论研究》2012年第2期。
                            31 Alessandro Stanziani, ed., Labour, Coercion, and Economic Growth in Eurasia, 17th-20th Centuries, Brill, 2013, p.8.
                            32 William G.Clarence-Smith, "Editor's Note-Economic History Cluster", Journal of Global History, Vol.13, Issue 3, November, 2018, pp.307-308.
                            33 Merry Wiesner-Hanks, "Editorial--Food in Global History", Journal of Global History, Vol.14, Issue 1, March, 2019, pp.1-2.
                            34 Gareth Curless, Stacey Hynd, Temilola Alanamu, Katherine Roscoe, "Editor's Introduction:Net Works in Imperial History", Journal of World History, Vol.26, No.4, SPECIAL ISSUE:The British World as World History:Networks in Imperial and Global History, December, 2015, pp.705-732.
                            35 Tamis Parron, "The British Empire and the Suppression of the Slave Trade to Brazil:A Global Analysis", Journal of World History, Vol.29, No.1, March, 2018, pp.1-36.
                            36 B.E.S.and F.M.L.T., "Editorial", The Economic History Review, New Series, Vol.32, No.1, Feb., 1979, p.Ⅲ。
                            37 Mark Hailwood, "Review of Periodical Literature Published in 2015 (iii) 1500-1700", The Economic History Review, Vol.70.No.1, 2017, p.290;David Hitchcock, "Review of Periodical Literature Published in 2016 (iii) 1500-1700", The Economic History Review, Vol.71.No.1, 2018, p.305;David Hitchcock, "Review of Periodical Literature Published in 2017 (iii) 1500-1700", The Economic History Review, Vol.72.No.1, 2019, p.368.

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