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                        林木种苗培育技术与管理维护工作

                        时间:2018-11-09 来源:农业与技术 作者:张旭 本文字数:3194字

                          摘    要:星云棋牌官网下载 随着当前社会经济以及科学技术飞速发展,我国的各行各业都得到了一定的发展,同时也获得了一定的进步。最近几年,工业企业得到了较大的发展,在生产规模、建设规模等方面都得到了大幅度扩张。如今随着工业化进程日益加快,工业所造成的污染日益严重,所以,这就需要引起相关人士高度重视,要加强环境保护工作。如今社会正在倡导生态文明建设,要求建设宜居城市,为了有效地保护环境和生态关键一点就是需要加强林业保护,同时要做好林业种苗培育以及管护工作。只有这样,才能够提升环保质量和水平,实现经济健康稳定和可持续的发展。本文主要关于林木种苗的培育及管护的研究,以供相关专业人士进行参考和借鉴。

                          关键词:星云棋牌官网下载 林木; 种苗; 培育管护;

                          SUIZHEDANGQIANSHEHUIJINGJIDEFEISUFAZHAN,GONGYEHUAJINCHENGRIYIJIAKUAI,GONGYEFAZHANXUYAODALIANGZIYUAN,ERLINMUZIYUANDEDALIANGKANFADUISHENGTAIHUANJINGZAOCHENGYANZHONGYINGXIANGHEPOHUAI。ZAIGONGYEFAZHANGUOCHENGDANGZHONGYIBUFENDEQIYEWEILEZHUIQIUJINGJIXIAOYIERYANZHONGHUSHILEHUANJINGXIAOYI,DAOZHILINYEZIYUANBEIDALIANGDEPOHUAI,ZHEIBUJINJINDUISHENGTAIHUANJINGZAOCHENGLEYANZHONGYINGXIANG,TONGSHIDUISHEHUIZISHENJIANKANGFAZHANYEZAOCHENGLEYIDINGDEZUAI,RUORENLEIDESHENGCUNJIAYUANMEIYOULESENLIN,JIANGSHIBIWEIHAIZISHENDEJIANKANG。YINCIXUYAOXIANGGUANRENSHICAIQUYOUXIAOCUOSHIJIAQIANGSENLINZIYUANDEBAOHU,QIESHIDIBAOZHANGSHENGCUNHUANJINGDELIANGHAOXING,SHIXIANLINMUZIYUANJIANKANG、WENDINGYIJIKECHIXUDEFAZHAN,DUICIJIUXUYAOXIANGGUANRENSHIJIAQIANGZHONGMIAOPEIYUJISHUDEGUANGFANYUNYONG,TONGSHIYINGDANGJIAQIANGLINMUZHONGMIAOGUANHUGONGZUO,SHIXIANLINYEDEJIANKANGWENDINGYIJIKECHIXUFAZHAN。

                          1、 林木种苗的培育及管护重要性概述

                          ZUIJINJINIAN,WOGUOLINYEDEDAOLEYIDINGDEFAZHANHEJINBU,RIYIZHONGSHILINMUZHONGMIAOPEIYUJISHUDEYUNYONG,LINMUZHONGMIAOPEIYUJISHUZAISENLINZIYUANBAOHUFANGMIANQIDAOLEZHONGYAOZUOYONG。ZHEIYANGDESHIDAIBEIJINGZHIXIA,XUYAOXIANGGUANRENSHIJIEHEXIANSHIQINGKUANGHEXUQIUJIAQIANGLINMUZHONGZHIGONGZUO,TISHENGLINMUCHANLIANG。ZAIBUTONGDILIHUANJINGZHIXIAZHONGMIAOXUQIUWANGWANGBINGBUXIANGTONG,YINCI,XUYAOZHONGZHIRENYUANJIEHETURANGHUANJINGYIJIDILITIAOJIANXUANZEHESHILINMUJINXINGZHONGZHI,QIESHIZUOHAOLINMUZHONGMIAOPEIYUGONGZUO,QIESHIDIBAOZHANGCHENGHUOLV。DANGQIANYINGDANGJIAQIANGLINMUZHONGMIAOGUANHUGONGZUO,ZHEIDUILINYEZIYUANYOUXIAOKAIFAJUYOUZHONGYAOJIAZHIHEYIYI。XIANGGUANDERENSHIZAIPEIYUZHONGMIAODEGUOCHENGDANGZHONGXUYAOGAODUDEZHONGSHIGUANHUGONGZUO,YAOYANGEGENJUYUMIAOLIUCHENGJIAQIANGPEIYUGONGZUO,ZUNXUNPEIYUDEYUANZE,LINGWAIYOUMIAOZAIBUTONGDESHENGCHANJIEDUANXUYAOCAIQUBUTONGDEFANGSHI,YINGDANGKONGZHIpHZHI。ZAIYOUMIAOSHENGZHANGQIXUYAOJIAQIANGYUMIAOHUANJINGBAKONG,QIESHIBAOZHANGYOUMIAOHUANJINGWENDUHELIXING,TONGSHIYAOJIAQIANGZHONGMIAOPEIYUJISHUGUANGFANYUNYONG,JINERCHANSHENGCHUYOULIANGSHUZHONG。XIANGGUANDERENSHIXUYAOCAIYONGKEXUEHELIWEIDEHUHEGUANHUFANGSHI,QIESHIBAOZHANGZHONGMIAOSHIXIANJIANKANG、WENDINGDECHENGZHANG,WEILINYESHIXIANKECHIXUFAZHANDAXIALIANGHAOJICHU。

                          2、 种苗培育技术

                        星云棋牌官网下载   MUQIAN,WEILESHIXIANLINYEJIANKANGFAZHAN,YINGDANGJIAQIANGZHONGMIAOPEIYUJISHUDEGUANGFANYUNYONG,QIZHONG,ZHONGMIAODEPEIYUJISHUZHUYAOBAOKUOSHENGWUYUZHONGJISHU、WUTUZAIPEI、KONGGENJISHU、YINGYANGBOYUMIAOJISHU。CHUCIZHIWAI,HAIBAOKUOMIAOPUJIANLIGONGZUO。

                          2.1、 生物育种技术

                          随着当前人工造林日益发展,生物育种技术得到了快速的发展,相比于传统的育种技术而言,生物育种具有一定的优势,并且在林木育种技术体系中,生物育种技术地位高。随着当前社会经济以及科学技术的飞速发展,林木育种技术正在不断的发展和成熟,如今生物育种方式较多,如诱变育种、基因工程、杂交育种以及单倍体育种等,都是比较良好的方式。在目前种植林木的过程当中使用生物技术开展育种工作能够切实的保障林木种苗成活率,培养出大量健康的林木种苗,因此,生物育种技术值得大力的推广和应用。
                         

                        林木种苗培育技术与管理维护工作
                         

                          2.2、 无土栽培

                          SUIZHEDANGQIANSHEHUIJINGJIYIJIKEXUEJISHUDEFEISUFAZHAN,MUQIANLINYEYEDEDAOLEZHANGZUDEFAZHANHEJINBU。WEILECUSHIDANGQIANPEIYUJISHUZHUBUZOUXIANGXIANDAIHUA,YINGDANGJIAQIANGJISHUDEGEXIN,CAIYONGGENGJIAXIANJINDEZHONGZHIHEZAIPEIJISHU。WUTUZAIPEISHIYIZHONGBIJIAOCHENGSHUDEJISHU,ZHIDEDALIDETUIGUANGHEYINGYONG。ZAIZHISHUZAOLINGUOCHENGDANGZHONGYUNYONGWUTUZAIPEIJISHUJUYOUZHONGYAODEJIAZHI。WUTUZAIPEIJISHUHECHUANTONGTURANGZAIPEIFANGSHIBUTONG,BUXUYAOSHIYONGTURANGJIUKEYISHIXIANLINMIAOJIANKANGKUAISUWENDINGCHENGZHANG。ZAIWUTUZAIPEIDEGUOCHENGDANGZHONGKEYILIYONGSENLINCAOTAN、PENGZHANGTUHUOFULANYEZIDENGCAILIAOJIAYIPEIYU,KEYIXINGCHENGZHIZHU,ZHIWUGENXIHEYINGYANGYEXIANGHUJIECHUJIUKEYIZAIPEI,ZHEIGEGUOCHENGBINGBUXUYAOTURANG,JIANGDILEDUITUDIZIYUANYILAI。DANGQIANWUTUZAIPEIJISHURIYIFAZHANHECHENGSHU,YIJINGBEIHENDUOLINYEBUMENSUOCAINAHEYINGYONG,WEIMUQIANDELINMUZHURULEXINDEHUOLIHEXINXIANDEXUEYE。

                          2.3、 控根技术

                          KONGGENJISHUSHIYIZHONGXINXINGYUMIAOJISHU,BINGQIEZHUJIANFAZHANHECHENGSHUQILAI。KONGGENJISHUZHUYAOSHIDUIGENXICHENGZHANGQINGKUANGJINXINGYOUXIAODIAOJIEHEKONGZHI,YOUZHUYUSHIXIANLINMUDEJIANKANG、WENDINGCHENGZHANG,YUCITONGSHI,KONGGENJISHUYOUZHUYUXIANGGUANRENYUANJINXINGYOUXIAODIGUANLI,GONGZUOLIANGYEBIJIAOXIAO,ZHIDETUIGUANGHEYINGYONG。

                          2.4、 营养钵育苗技术

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                          2.5、 苗圃建立

                          MIAOPUTONGCHANGBAOKUOGUDINGXINGMIAOPUHELINSHIXINGMIAOPU2ZHONGLEIXING,QIZHONGLINSHIXINGMIAOPUXIANGDUIMIANJIBIJIAOXIAO,BIJIAOSHIHEZHONGZHIDANYIDEPINZHONG。GUDINGXINGMIAOPU,XIANGDUIYULINSHIXINGMIAOPUMIANJIYAODAHENDUO,BINGQIEQIZHONGDETUZHIYEGENGHAO,KEYIZHANGSHIJIANZHONGMIAO,LINGWAIZAIGUDINGXINGMIAOPUZHONGKEYIPEIYUGENGDUOLEIXINGDELINMUZHONGMIAO,DUIYUXIANGGUANRENYUANSUZHIYETICHULEJIAOGAODEYAOQIU,YAOQIUGONGZUORENYUANQIESHIJIAQIANGMIAOPUDEGUANLIGONGZUO。

                          3、 林木种苗的管护

                        星云棋牌官网下载   MUQIAN,YINGDANGQIESHIJIAQIANGLINMUZHONGMIAODEGUANHUGONGZUO,YAOMINGQUETURANGDEZHONGYAOXING、JIAQIANGSHIFEICUIYANG、BAOZHANGSHUIFENHANYANGHELIXING。CHUCIZHIWAI,HAIYINGDANGKONGZHIYIJIDIAOJIEGUANGZHAO。ZHIYOUZHEIYANG,CAIKEYICUSHILINMUZHONGMIAOSHIXIANJIANKANGWENDINGCHENGZHANG,DUIYUSHENGTAIHUANJINGBAOHUJUYOUZHONGDAYIYI。

                          3.1、 明确土壤的重要性

                          ZAIZHONGZHIDEGUOCHENGZHONGTURANGJUYOUZHONGYAODEJIAZHIHEYIYI,YAOGAODUZHONGSHITURANGHUANJINGSHIFOUFUHEZHIWUDESHENGZHANGXUQIU。TURANGWEIZHIWUGONGJIYANGFEN,DUIZHIWUJIANKANGFAZHANHESHENGCUNDOUQIDAOBUKEQUDAIDEZUOYONG。SUIRANZAIWUTUZAIPEIGUOCHENGDANGZHONG,BUXUYAOYUNYONGDAOTURANG,DANSHI,WUTUZAIPEIJISHUDUIYUYINGYANGZHIYAOQIUBIJIAOGAO。

                          3.2、 加强施肥催养

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                          3.3、 保障水分涵养合理性

                          ZAIZHIWUSHENGCHANDEGUOCHENGDANGZHONGBUKEYITUOLISHUIFEN,ZAIPEIYUZHIWUDEGUOCHENGDANGZHONGXUYAOSHIYONGSHUIJINXINGGUANGAI,WEILEYOUXIAODIJIEYUESHUIZIYUAN,KEYICAIQUDIGUANJISHU。DIGUANJISHUBUJINKEYICUSHIZHONGMIAOJIANKANGCHENGZHANG,HAIKEYIYOUXIAODIJIEYUESHUIZIYUAN,BIMIANSHUIDELANGFEI。

                          3.4、 控制以及调节光照

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                          4、 结语

                          ZONGSHANGSUOSHU,WEILESHIXIANLINYEDEJIANKANGWENDINGJICHIXUDEFAZHANJIUXUYAOJIAQIANGLINMUZHONGMIAODEPEIYUGONGZUO,ZHEIDUIYUTUIDONGWOGUOSHENGTAIWENMINGJIANSHEJUYOUZHONGYAODEJIAZHIHEYIYI。XIANGGUANLINYEGUANLIRENYUANYAOJIAQIANGLINMIAOPEIYUJIGUANHUGONGZUO,CAIQUKEXUEHELIDEFANGSHITIGAOPEIYUSHUIPINGHEPEIYUXIAOGUO,JINERSHIXIANLINYEZIYUANLIANGHAOKAIFA,CUSHIWOGUOLINYEFAZHANZOUXIANGGENGGAODECENGCI,SHIXIANLINYECHANYEDEJIANKANG、WENDINGKECHIXUFAZHAN。

                          参考文献

                          [1]孙文明.探析林木种苗苗圃育苗在林业可持续发展中的重要性[J].农家参谋,2019(13):109.
                          [2]张志奇.林木种苗产业发展特点、存在问题及发展[J].现代农业研究,2019(04):45-46.
                          [3]魏更生.探究林木种苗在林业可持续发展中的重要性[J].防护林科技,2018(09):67-68.
                          [4]赵实.三北防护林工程建设中林木种苗的发展思路分析[J].绿色科技,2018(13):207-208.
                          [5]童占菊.林业种苗培育技术与种苗管理工作优化的研究[J].农民致富之友,2018(12):103.
                          [6]郭中华,李存仓,李启方.安阳市林木种苗在林业可持续发展中的重要性分析[J].农业开发与装备,2017(11):35.
                          [7]李娜.加快林木种苗发展提高河南省营林生产效益[J].农业与技术,2016,36(14):192.

                          张旭.林木种苗的培育及管护初探[J].农业与技术,2019,39(20):85-86.
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