星云棋牌官网下载

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                            林俊卿“咽音”发声法的理论内涵及其应用

                            时间:2019-02-17 来源:美育学刊 作者:周敏 本文字数:9582字

                              摘    要: 星云棋牌官网下载“咽音”作为一种声乐歌唱的技巧,起源于古代意大利。歌唱家们为了发展歌唱能力,不断地在声乐实践中对“咽音”的技巧进行摸索,并且以口传心教的方式使其流传至今。恰到好处地使用这种嗓音训练方法,可以丰富歌者的声音色彩,使声乐作品更具有表现力,以达到更好的演唱效果。以声乐教育家林俊卿“咽音”歌唱理论的内涵为基础,对其理论的创新价值进行思考,可总结出“咽音”练声法在声乐教学中的实践方法。

                              关键词: 林俊卿; “咽音”发声法; 声乐理论;

                              Abstract:星云棋牌官网下载 As a vocal singing technique, “voce faringea” originated in ancient Italy. In order to develop their singing ability, singers have been exploring the technique of “voce faringea” in vocal practice and spreading it through oral and spiritual teaching. As a matter of fact, appropriate use of this voice training method can achieve better singing effect with richer voice color of singers and more expressive works of vocal music. Based on the connotation of vocal educator Lin Junqing's “voce faringea” theory, this paper aims to study the practical method of “voce faringea” in vocal teaching from the perspective of the innovative value of his theory.

                              Keyword: Lin Junqing; “voce faringea” pronunciation method; vocal music theory;

                            星云棋牌官网下载   LINJUNQINGSHIZHONGGUODANGDAISHENGLEJIAOYUJIA、LILUNJIA,TAYIYIDALI“MEIGEXUEPAI”(Bel canto)JIAOXUEWEIJICHU,JIANGXIFANGXIANDAISHENGLELILUNYUSHENGLIXUE、XINLIXUE、YINLESHENGXUEDENGXIANGGUANXUEKELILUNYANJIUCHENGGUOXIANGHUJIEHE,DUIRENSHENGYANCHANGZHONGCUNZAIDE“YANYIN”JIYULEKEXUEXITONGDESHULI、FENXIHEZONGJIE,CONGYUANBENDEJINGYANZHUYIJIAOXUEFANGSHIZHONGTIQULE“YANYIN”CHANGFADEBENZHIGUILV,BINGJIANGQISHANGSHENGDAOKEXUEDELILUNGAODU,TONGSHIJIANGZHEIZHONGLILUNDEZONGJIEYOUXIAOYUNYONGDAOSHENGLEJIAOXUEYISHUSHIJIANZHIZHONG,JIANLILEJIAOWEIWANZHENGDESANGYINXUNLIANFANGFA。WULUNCONGGECHANGSHIJIANYIHUOSHENGLELILUNDEJIAODULAIKAN,DOUTIXIANCHUFEIFANDEYISHUZAOYIYUXUESHUGAODU,DUIZHONGGUOSHENGLEYISHUSHIYEDEFAZHANZUOCHUZHONGYAOGONGXIAN。BENWENDUILINJUNQINGDESHENGLELILUNZHEZUOJINXINGSHENRUYANJIU,ZHEZHONGFENXIQI“YANYIN”LIANSHENGTIXIDEGOUZHUGUOCHENGJIQIHEXINNEIRONG,BINGTONGGUODUIQIHEXINLILUNDEPOUXITICHUQICHUANGXINJIAZHISUOZAI。TONGSHIYISHENGLEJIAOXUESHIJIANWEIJICHU,DUI“YANYIN”FASHENGFANGFAZHONGDEYISHUKEXUEGUILVJINXINGSHULI,ZHIZAIWEIWOGUOSHENGLEYISHULILUNYUSHIJIANTICHUXINDETANSUOFANGXIANG。

                              一、林俊卿声乐艺术生命历程

                            星云棋牌官网下载   LINJUNQING,1914NIAN4YUE28RICHUSHENGYUSHAMENGULANGYU,ZIXIAOJIUZAIJIARENDEXUNTAOXIAXUECHANG“SHENGGE”,YOUZHEJIAOGAODEYINLESUYANG。1935NIANBIYEYUNANJINGJINLINGDAXUELIXUEXIDEYIXUEZHUANXIUKE。JIERKAOQUFUSHUMEIGUONIUYUEZHOULIDAXUEDEBEIJINGXIEHEYIXUEYUANDEXIAOERKE。BIYEHOULAIDAOSHANGHAIJICHENGFUYEKAISHIXINGYI。LINJUNQINGZIYOUXIAIGECHANG,JIBIANZAINIANYIKEDAXUEDEGUOCHENGZHONGYEZHUANMENXIANGMEIJIZHEMINGNVZHONGYINGECHANGJIAWEIERXUNFURENQIUXUE。ZAICIGUOCHENGZHONGTAYIZHISHIYONGDESHIMIANZHAOCHANGFA。1941NIANKAISHISUISHANGHAIGONGBUJUJIAOXIANGLEDUIYIDALIZHEMINGZHIHUIJIAMEIBAIQIDASHIXUEXICHUANTONGYIDALIGECHANGFANGFA。CINIAN,LINJUNQINGYOUSHOUDAOYIDALIZHEMINGNANGAOYINGECHANGJIAMONEIWEITADEZHIDAO,DIYICIJIECHULE“YANYIN”FASHENGFANGFA。YEYINWEIZHEIGEQIJI,LINJUNQINGDEGECHANGNENGLIYOULEZHIDEFEIYUE,ZHUJIANCHENGWEISHANGHAIYISHUWUTAISHANGYINRENZHUMUDEYEYUMINGGESHOU,SHOUDAOGUANGFANDEZANYU。YOUCIYU1953NIANSHOUWENHUABUWEIPAICANJIASHIJIEQINGNIANLIANHUANJIEYEYUGECHANGJIASHENGLEBISAI,BINGSUIZHONGGUOYISHUDAIBIAOTUANCHUFANGDONGOU,DANGSHIDEDEYIZHIMINZHUGONGHEGUOLAIBIXIYINLEXUEYUANYUANZHANGCHENGZANQIKEYUYIDALIZHEMINGNANGAOYINKALUSUOXIANGPIMEI。

                              舞台声乐歌唱艺术的成功,为林俊卿的声乐理论研究增添了莫大的信心,在从事繁重的医务治疗工作之余,林俊卿对于“咽音”发声法也从演唱实践转向实证研究与理论创新。他认为“咽音”发声法不仅对于歌唱水平的提高有益,甚至还有治疗嗓音疾病的功效。20世纪50年代后林俊卿开始从事嗓音的科学研究,任上海音乐研究所所长、一级教授,主持研究所工作。后经过了16年间的嗓音科学研究与实践,1957年林俊卿出版着作《歌唱发音的机能状态》[1],1962年又出版《歌唱发音的科学基础》[2]一书,标志着“咽音”练声法终于揭开了其神秘的面纱,由美声唱法的发源地意大利被正式介绍到了中国。后期由于受到“文革”的影响,“咽音”科研的道路变得艰难。直至1985年3月中国成立了北京声乐研究所,再次聘请已经退休的林俊卿担任所长。自此,在他的带领下确立了“声乐研究,嗓音治疗”的宗旨,《“咽音”练声体系》[3]与《“咽音”练声的八个步骤》[4]两本着作也随之问世。这两本着作的出版不仅标志着完整的“咽音”练声体系已在中国确立,我国对其理论科学性的认知更是领先于世界各国。2000年林俊卿在上海逝世,享年86岁。
                             

                            林俊卿“咽音”发声法的理论内涵及其应用
                             

                              二、“咽音”发声法的理论内涵

                            星云棋牌官网下载   LINJUNQINGDAPOLEYUANYOUDEJIAOXUEFANGSHI,LIZUYUYIWEIYIKEZHUANJIADEXUESHUBEIJINGJIGUANGFANDEYIXUESHIJIAN,CONGRENTIFASHENGQIGUANJIEPOUXUEDEXINSHIJIAOCHUFA,DUISHENGLEYANCHANGJINXINGLEXINDEPOUXI,YONGKEXUELILUNCHANMINGLEXIFANG“MEISHENGCHANGFA”DEJINGSUISUOZAI,DUI“YANYIN”DEFASHENGJINENGZHUANGTAIJINXINGLUNSHU,TONGSHIJIEHEWOGUOCHUANTONGDESHENGLELILUNJINXINGTANSUOYANJIUHESHIJIAN,JIANLILEYITAOKEXUE、XITONG、GAOXIAODE“YANYIN”LIANSHENGTIXI,DAFUDUDIKUODALESANGYINYINYU,ZENGJIALESHENGYINDESHENSUONENGLI,BINGQIEJIDADIZENGQIANGLEHUXI、SHENGDAI、GEGONGMINGQIANGTIBAOKUOSHENTIGEJIROUQUNDEXIEDIAOYUNZUONENGLI,CHONGFENFAJUESANGYINDENEIZAIQIANLI,SHIYANCHANGZHEDESHENGYINDADAOZUIJIAJINGJIE,ZHENZHENGDADAOLEYIPAICHUANTONGDE“CHANGZAIQILIUSHANG”DEYAOQIU。

                            星云棋牌官网下载   “YANYIN”FASHENGFANGFABIXUTONGGUOYITAOTESHUDEXUNLIAN,YIXINGCHENGKEXUEDEFAYINFANGFALAITIGAOYANCHANGZHEDEFAYINNENGLI。QIHEXINYUANLISHIJIANGYANBUDANGZUOYIGEFAYINGUAN,JIANGYANBUXUNLIANCHENGYIJIAN“LEQI”LAITIGAOFAYINDENENGLIYUCHIJIUXING。QILILUNNEIHANBAOKUO“YANYIN”YUHUXIDEGUANXI、YUGONGMINGDEGUANXI、YUYAOZIDEGUANXI、YUGANQINGDEGUANXI、YUFENGGEDEGUANXIDENGFANGMIANDENEIRONG。

                              (一)“咽音”与呼吸

                            星云棋牌官网下载   YILISHABAI·SHUMANSHUO“GECHANGJIUSHIHUXI”。LINJUNQINGRENWEIXUEXIGECHANGDEREN,BIXUXIANXUEHUIZHENGQUEDEGECHANGHUXIFANGFA,XUNLIANQIHUXIQIGUANNENGMIQIEPEIHEGECHANGFAYINDEXUYAO,ZAIRENHEQINGKUANGXIADOUNENGYOUWENDINGCHONGZUDEQIXI,BINGNENGJIANGLIANGHAODEHUXIHEFAYINDEXIEZUODONGZUOYANGCHENGXIGUAN,RANHOUZAIZHEIGEJICHUSHANG,YINGYONGGANQINGWEI“JINIU”DAIDONGSHENGYINLAIGECHANG,CONGERZUODAOZHENZHENGYIYISHANGDE“YIQINGDAISHENG”。GECHANGSHIDEHUXISHIKAOXIQIJIROUQUNHEHUQIJIROUQUNDEXIEDIAOPEIHEWANCHENGDE,ZHENGQUEDEHUXIDUIYUYINZHIDEDIAOZHENG、SHENGYINDEWENDINGXINGYURENXINGDOUYOUZHEFEICHANGZHONGYAODEYIYI。XUNLIANHUXIJIROUSHIXUEXI“YANYIN”FASHENGJIQIAODEDIYIBU,TONGGUOGAIXUNLIANNENGGOUDADAOZENGQIANGQIXIKONGZHILIDEMUDE。ZAIYUNYONG“YANYIN”FASHENGDEGUOCHENGZHONG,WEILENENGBUFEILIERHUODEJIESHIWENGUDEYINZHI,SHENGDAISHIZHONGSHICHUZAIZHANGJINHESUODUANDEZHUANGTAIZHONGDE,JINJINSHIYONGYIXIAOBUFENJINXINGZHENDONGLAIFAYIN,YINYUEGAO,JINSUODUANSHENGDAIDELILIANGJIUYUEQIANG,ERYANBUDIAOJIEXINGCHENGDE“FAYINGUAN”JIUYUEXIXIAO,YINCILIANGSHENGDAIDEBIANYUANZHENDONGDEFANWEIYEYUEXIAO。YINCI,JIANG“YANYIN”YINGYONGYUJISHUXINGJIAOGAODEGECHANGHUODONGSHI,HUXIJIROUBIXULINGHUO、QIANGZHUANG,NENGJIANGQIXIJIZHONGZAIXIXIAODEQIZHUSHANG,JINGXIDIAOJIEHUCHUQILIUDEPAIQILIANGYIKONGZHIQIANGDU,CAINENGZAIGECHANGZHONGXIZHIWENDINGDIKONGZHIQIXI,SHIQIYU“FAYINGUAN”JISHENGDAIDEFAYINQINGKUANGMIQIEPEIHE,GONGTONGJINTUI,YINCIZAIQIXIKONGZHIFANGMIAN,“YANYIN”FASHENGFANGFABIYIBANDEFASHENGFANGFAYAOQIUGENGGAO。

                              QICI,“YANYIN”FASHENGFANGFADEHUXIYUHOUBUDIAOZHENGZUODAOLEQIAOMIAODIPEIHE。BEINUOLITICHU,SUIRANRENMENNENGZAIDAXIAODEGUOCHENGZHONGFACHUHENDADEYINLIANG,DANZAICIGUOCHENGZHONG,SHENGDAIBINGBUXUYAOYONGLIERZIZHUDIZUODAOLEKAOLONGFAYIN。TANJIUQIYUANLI,DANGYIGUQIANGQILIUCONGFUQIANGCHONGCHUJINGGUOHOUQIANGSHI,HOUQIANGDEZUZHIZIRANXIKAO,CONGERSHIDESHENGDAIZIRANKAOLONGFACHUSHENGYIN,ZHEIYEJIUSHIQIDONGLIYUANLI。RUGUOZHEITAOLILUNKEXING,JISHUOMINGZAIMOUZHONGTEDINGDEQINGKUANGXIAHOUBUJIROUKEYIHAOBUFEILIDICANYUFASHENG。“BEINUOLISHIZUOYONG”YANZHENGLEGAILILUNDEKEXINGXINGYUKEXUEXING,CONGERJIYULELINJUNQINGJIDADEQIFA,CONGERXINGCHENGLE“YANYIN”FASHENGTIXIDEHEXINLILUN:JIJIANGSHEGUYUJIAZHUANGGULAKAI,ZHIZAOCHUYANBUDE“JIYINFAYINGUAN”,ZAITONGGUOHOUJIEXIAJIANGDEDONGZUO,ZHUDONGSONGKAIBUBIYAODEJINZHANGJIROU,RANG“QIZAILIUDONGSHIYOUYIZHONGXIKAOLI”,YERANGSHENGDAIDEZHENDONGFANWEISUODUANBIANBO,ZENGQIANGFAYINDEXIAOLV。ZAICIGUOCHENGZHONG,QIXIGAODUJIZHONG,BULUNYINGAO、QIANGRUO、YINSEMINGAN,DOUNENGSHIZHONGLIYONGQIXIDELIUDONG,JIANGHOUJIJINZHANGHESHENGDAIFUHEDECHENGDUJIANGWEIZUIDI:JIHOUJISONGCHI,SHENGDAIBIHEZAIQIXIXIKAOLIXIA,HUAZHUDONGWEIBEIDONG,BIHEDANGQIFASHENG(JI“BEINUOLISHI”ZUOYONG)。“YANYIN”FASHENGFASHIZHONGJIEZHUQILIUDELILIANGWEIZHUYAOYUANDONGLI,JIUSHIYIDALICHUANTONGDESUOWEI“CHANGZAIQILIUSHANG”,NENGTIGAOYINZHI,CHONGFENFAHUISHENGDAIDEQIANZAIGONGNENG。

                              (二)“咽音”与共鸣

                              SHENGXUELILUNRENWEI:RENDEFASHENGZHUANGTAILEISIYUHUANGGUANLEQI,JIHUANGYUGUANLIANGGEFAYINTIZUHEFAYIN,JITONGCHANGSHANGWOMENSHUODE“HUANGGUANFAYINOUZU”XINGNENG:HUANGSHI“CEDONGZHE”,CUSHIGUANZHONGKONGQIDEZHENDONG,GUANZESHIHUANGDE“GONGMINGTI”。“YANYIN”LILUNDEHEXINZAIYU:YAOQIUJIANGYANBUDIAOJIECHENGFAYINGUAN,JIUXIANGYIGEKEYISHENSUODELABA,FACHUGUANLEBANMEIMIAODEGONGMINGXIAOGUO。ZHEIGEGONGMINGGUANDAOKEYIZIRUSHENSUOGUANSHENZHANGDUANCUXI,YUSHENGDAIZHENDONGWANMEIPEIHE,TABUJINNENGZIRUDIAOZHENGYINGAO、YINSE、YINZHI,HAINENGXINGCHENGWENDINGYINZHU(RUTONGHUANGGUANLEQIBANDEXINGTAI),ZHITONGNAOHOUZHITOUDING,ZUIHOUHUODEJIZHONGYOULI、CHUANTOULIJIQIANGDE“TOUQIANGGONGMING”。

                              (三)“咽音”与咬字

                            星云棋牌官网下载   KAISHALEISHUO,“KOUYANSHIGECHANGJIADEZUI,RENHEMUYINXUYOUYANQIANGZHUDONGCHANGCHU,BUKEDANKAOSHEZHONGBUKOUCHUNDIAOJIE”,“YIDANFA‘YANYIN’DEZHENGQUEFANGFABEIZHAODAO,BINGCHENGWEIYIGEDULIDEFAYINJINENGLAIFAZHAN(DULIDEYISISHIZAIYINGYONGSHANGTABENSHENXIANGSHIYOUSHENGMINGNEIYANGNENGJINTUIZIRU),NEIME,TAJIUSUISHINENGSHIYINGYUFARENHEMUYIN(YISISHIZAIGECHANGZHONGSUIBIANCHANGSHENMEMUYINDOUNENGBATAJIEHESHANG)”。1“YANYIN”ZUIYIBANGZHURENMENFACHUGANGJINGTOULIANGDESHENGYIN,DANXUNLIANFACHUN“YANYIN”DEMUDEBINGBUSHIZAIYUANYINXUNLIANZHONGQUBIEDUIDAI,WOMENZHISHITONGGUOYU“YANYIN”XIANGJINDE“eh”YUANYINXUNLIAN,ZHUBUGUODUDAOQITAYUANYIN,ZHIZHIQITAYUANYINYU“YANYIN”ZHISEYIZHI。SUIRANFA“YANYIN”YUFAYUANYINDEFANGFABINGBUWANQUANZHONGHE,LIANGZHEZHIJIANDEMOHEHAIXUJINGLIYIDUANGUODUSHIQI,DANWOMENBUNENGGULIKANDAI“YANYIN”,YIHUOKUADALIANGZHEQUBIE,SHENZHIBA“YANYIN”KANCHENGSHIJIXIESHIFASHENG,YINWEIZHEIXIEDOUJIANGBEILI“YANYIN”XUNLIANDECHUZHONGYUSHENGLEYISHUDEMEIXUEYIZHI,SHIZHIDEWOMENZHONGSHIDEBUFEN。

                              (四)“咽音”与感情、风格

                              CONGYINLEYISHUDEBIAODASHANGLAISHUO,YINLEXINGXIANGYUYINLEQINGGANDESUZAOJIBENSHICONGYINZHI、YINLIANG、YINSEDEGANGROU、QIANGRUO、LIANGANDUIBILAISHIXIANDE。“YANYIN”FASHENGFANGFADEXUNLIAN,NENGSHIGECHANGZHEZAIFASHENGNENGLIHEJIQIAOSHANGDADATIGAO,BUJINNENGSHIYINLIANGJIADA,YINYUDAFUZENGKUAN,HAIKEYITIGAOYINLIANGJIYINSEDEBAKONGNENGLI,LINGHUOKONGZHIYINLIANG,YINSEYENENGSUIZHEGANQINGDEQIFUSUIYIBIANHUA,ZUODAODUIBIQIANGLIE。TONGSHINENGJINYIBUZAIYINLEXINGHENQIANGDETESHUFAYINQINGKUANGXIA,BAGECITUQINGCHU,BINGSHIYINLEXUANLVGENGJIALIUCHANG、LIANGUAN、ROUMEI、YUANRUN。

                              “YANYIN”FASHENGFANGFADUIYINSEDIAOJIEDEKEKONGXING,KEYISHIYINGBUTONGFENGGEDEYAOQIU。CHANGXIFANGGUDIANGEJUSHI,SHENGYINYAOYOUXIANGDUIJIAOZHANGDE“FAYINGUAN”ZHI“JIYINGONGMING”,YIJIYANQIANGSHANGBUDE“FANYINGONGMING”。FASHENGSHI,MEIGEYINCHULEYUGONGMINGSHIZHONGDEHESHENGLIANG、GEQIANGSHINEILILIANGPINGHENGDIAOHEWAI,HAIYAORANG“FANYINGONGMING”SUI“YINGAO”DIAOZHENGBIANHUA,CONGERHUODEYUANRUNBAOMANDEYINSE。FANZHI,DANGWOMENYANCHANGYIBANMINJIANGEQUSHI,ZEYINGGAISHIYONGXIANGDUIBIJIAODUANXIAODE“FAYINGUAN”DE“JIYINGONGMING”,YIJIXIANYUYANQIANGDE“FANYINGONGMING”。CISHI,SHENGYINDE“CHONGJIDIAN”BIANDELVEKAOQIAN,WOMENKEYIZENGJIANGONGMINGLIANG,JIZHONGZHUYILIZAI“KOUYANQIANG”JIKOUQIANGQIANGTINEI。RUSHANGSUOSHU,SHIYONG“YANYIN”FASHENGFANGFALAIXUNLIANYANJILILIANG,KESHIYANBIDADAOWENGUZISHI,YOUYINWEISHENSUOYANQIANGSHI,HOUTOUHUIYANCHUXINGCHENGGUANZHUANG,CHUANGZAOLEYANBUDEGONGMINGKONGJIAN,JIZHONGCHENGDUBUTONGZE“FANYINGONGMING”BUTONG,YOUCICHANSHENGBUTONGFENGGEDESHENGYIN。

                              三、“咽音”发声法的实践应用

                            星云棋牌官网下载   “YANYIN”FASHENGXUNLIANFAYUNYONGZAISHENGLEJIAOXUEZHONGKEYIKUOZHANXUESHENGDEYINYU,JIEJUEZHENJIASHENGWENTI,YEYOULIYUGAISHANSHENGYINZHILIANG,SHISHENGYINJIESHIMINGLIANG、YOUCHUANTOULI,ZENGQIANGYISHUBIAOXIANLI。TONGSHI“YANYIN”LIANSHENGFAKEYIKEFUGEZHONGGECHANGBIBING,CONGERDADAOSANGYINBAOJIANJIZHILIAODEZUOYONG。

                              (一)在声乐教学中的运用

                              WOGUOSHENGLEJIAOXUEXIANZAIXINGCHENGYIZHONGYOUDANYIHUADAODUOYUANSURONGHEDEQUSHI,BULUNCONGJIAOXUEFANGSHIDEXUANZEXINGHAISHIYINLELINGYUDEKUODAHUALAIKAN,DOUWEIMUQIANDESHENGLEJIAOXUETIGONGLEYUELAIYUEDUODESUCAI,CONGERXINGCHENGLE“JIANRONGBINGXU,QUANFANGWEIFAZHAN”DEMOSHI。JIAOXUESUIRANFENLIANGDABUFEN,YISHIJIAOSHIDE“JIAO”,ERSHIXUESHENGDE“XUE”,DANZHEILIANGZHEZHIJIANSHIYOUZHEXIANHOUGUANXIDE。JIAOSHIDESUYANGHENDACHENGDUSHANGJUEDINGLEXUESHENGDEFAZHANKENENGXING。DUIYUJIAOSHILAISHUO,YINGGAILEJIEHEZHANGWODUOZHONGSHENGLEJIAOXUEFANGSHI,ZHENDUIBUTONGDEXUESHENGKEYI“DUIZHENGXIAYAO”,ZHEIJIUXUYAOJIAOSHIZAIJIAOXUEGUOCHENGZHONGDUIXUESHENGDESUZHISHUIPINGYOULESHENRUDELEJIE,ERBUSHISUIYIXUANZEJIAOXUEFANGSHI,RANGXUESHENG“WURUQITU”。YIZHEIYANGDEJIAOXUEMOSHIWEIQIANTI,YOULIYUXUESHENGSHENGLEXUEXIDEJINBUYIJIZONGHESUYANGDETISHENG。RANER,WOGUODANGXIASHENGLEJIAOXUEYIRANCUNZAIZHEMINGXIANDEQUEXIAN。SHENGLEJIAOXUEBUTONGYUQITAXUEKEDEXUEXI,CONGXUEXIZHICHUJIUXUYAOXUESHENGZIJIQUTIHUIFASHENGDEFANGFA。RUGUOJIAOSHIBUNENGGOUJIANGZHEIZHONGGECHANGDEGANJUE,YIYIZHONGYIYULIJIEDEBIAOSHUFANGSHICHUANDIJIXUESHENGDEHUA,XUESHENGZHINENGKAOWUXINGLAIXUEXI,WANGWANGSHIBEIGONGBAN。GENGHEKUANGXUEXISHENGLEDEXUESHENGZIZHIDOUSHIBUTONGDE,RUHEXUANZEYIGESHIHEDABUFENXUESHENGLIANXI,BINGQIEJUYOUKEXUEXING,NENGGOUXITONGJIAOXUEDEXUNLIANFANGFAJIUBIANDEZHIGUANZHONGYAO。“YANYIN”FASHENGFADAPOLEWOGUOCHUANTONGSHENGLEJIAOXUEZHONGKOUCHUANXINSHOU,MOFANGXUEXIDEGANXINGHUAJIAOXUE,ZAIKEXUEDERENZHIMIANSHANGZENGQIANGLEJIAOSHIDELILUNXIUYANG,BINGZAIKEXUEDEFASHENGJINENGZHONG,CUJINZHONGXIFANGSHENGLEJIAOXUEDEXIANGSHENGXIANGRONG,TUIDONGWOGUOSHENGLEJIAOXUEFAZHAN。

                            星云棋牌官网下载   JIANG“YANYIN”FASHENGFANGFAYUNYONGYUSHENGLEJIAOXUESHIYINGZHUYIYIXIAJIDIAN:

                              DIYI,“YANYIN”ZAI“ZHENSHENG”YU“JIASHENG”ZHIJIANDAJIANQIQIAOLIANG,QIZHECHENGQIANQIHOUDEZUOYONG。QIFAYINJIEYU“ZHENSHENG”YU“JIASHENG”ZHIJIAN。ZAIDIYINQU,SHIYONG“YANYIN”ZHUYIDAIZHESHUOHUASHIDEZHENSHENG,BINGTONGSHIWEI“ZHENSHENG”ZENGJIAGUANGCAI;ZAIGAOYINQU,YAOYU“XIAOYIN”(JIJIASHENG)DEFASHENGXIANGJIEHE,SHI“XIAOYIN”GENGJU“GANGQI”。WEICI,ZAIFASHENGXUNLIANZHONGKECAIYONG“YANYIN”JIFAZHONG“HENGCHANGYANYINFA”HE“YANBUDULIXINGCHENGMUYIN”DELIANXI,YICIDADAO“ZHENSHENG”YU“JIASHENG”DEWANMEITONGYI,ZAILIANXIZHONGYINGZHUYISANGYINDEYOUMEI、DONGTINGJIXUANLVXIANTIAODELIANGUANXING、SHUZHANXINGHELINGHUOXING,SHI“YANYIN”HE“ZHENSHENGJINENG”“JIASHENGJINENG”ZHUJIANDIRONGWEIYITI,CONGERHUODEWEIZHIGAODUJIZHONG,JUYOUJINSHUBANZHIDIBINGYOUMEIHAOFANYINDEYUANRUNMINGLIANGDEYISHUGESHENG。

                              DIER,“YANYIN”FASHENGFAZAIGEQUZHONGDEYUNYONGYINGSHIDUJIEHEGECHANGXUNLIANZHONGDE“RUANQIYIN”。“YANYIN”LIANXISHI“YISHOUJIZHONGDU”HE“QILIUQISHIDECHONGJIDU”FACHUDESHENGYINJIAOWEIQIANGLIE,SUOYUNYONGDEQIXILIANGDADUOCHAOGUOYIBANSHENGLEZUOPINSUOXUYAODEQIXILIANG。YINCIYINGGAIGENJUGEQUDEXUANLVZOUDONG、QINGGANJIEZOU,LINGHUOYUNYONGHEKONGZHI“YANYIN”QIXILIANG,SHIYISHUGECHANGDEHUXIANJING、PINGWEN、SHENCHENYOUJUYOUDANLIHELINGHUOXING。RENSANGZAIWEIJINGKEXUEXUNLIANZHIQIAN,HOUBUFASHENGJIYIBANDOUBIJIAOCUIRUO。JUBUFASHENGQIGUANYONGLIBUDANGHUOZHEFASHENGDEFANGFAWEIBEIKEXUEYUANLI,DOUHUISHIFASHENGQIGUANDEZHENGTIYUNDONGZHUANGTAIBIANWEIBUXIEDIAO。RUZHANGQIRUCI,QINGZHECHUXIANHOUBUJIANGYING,HOUYIN、BIYIN、DOUYINDENGFASHENGSHANGDEBIBING,ZHONGZHEJIANGHUIDAOZHIRUSHENGDAIXIAOJIE、SHUIZHONG、ZENGHOU,HOUJIPILAO、SHENGYINSIYADENGBINGZHENG,SHENZHISHIQUMEIHAODEYINSE。

                              DISAN,ZAIBIAOXIANYISHUZUOPINSHI,BUYINGGAIGUODUODISIKAOCHUN“YANYIN”FAYINDEJINENGZHUANGTAIHEYINXIANGXIAOGUO。TEBIESHIZAIGAOYINQUSHI,YAOTIHUIXIANGYUANCHUHERENDAZHAOHUDEGANJUE,YONGQILIUDAIDONGSHENGYIN,QISHENGRONGHE,LIANGUANZIRU。

                              DISI,ZAIYISHUGECHANGSHI,YAOZAINEIZAI“JING、QI、SHEN”DEZHICHIHEDAIDONGXIA,FACHUJIDAIYOU“YANYIN”CHENGFEN,YOUNENGWANMEIBIAOXIANGEQUYIJINGHEWANZHENGSUZAOYINLEXINGXIANGDEYISHUGESHENG。YANCHANGSHIYAOZHENGQUEYUNYONG“QIANZUI”(ZIRANDEKOUZUI)HE“HOUZUI”(YANBU)ZHEI“LIANGGEZUI”DEXIEDIAOHEZUOZUOYONGYIJITAMENGEZIDEDULIZUOYONG,SHI“QIANHOUZUI”GONGTONGWANCHENGHAOTUZIGUIYINSHIDE“DINGXINGCHUZU”RENWU,DADAOZIZHENGQIANGYUAN。YOUQISHIYAOHELIYUNYONG“QIANZUI”DUIYAO、TU、KAI、ZOU、SHOUDENGZIYUSHENGDEDINGLIDINGWEIZUOYONG,CHONGFENSHIYONGHOU、SHE、CHI、YA、CHUNZAIGECIZHONGDENEIZAILILIANG,SHIZITOUPENTUYOULI、CHENGZUZHUNQUE,ZIYINYUEERQINGXI、TONGYICHUNZHENG。ZHEIYANGCAINENGBIMIANCHUXIANYIN“QIANHOUZUI”YONGLIBUDANGERYINQIDE“ZIPOSHENG”“SHENGBAOZI”DEXIANXIANG。

                              DIWU,GECHANGSHIYAOQUANSHENFANGSONGERBAOCHIXINQINGYUYUE,SHENTIYAOZIRANTINGBA,XIONGJINGBUYAOSONGCHIZIRU,JIANSHAOHUOKEFUHOUBUJIROUQUNDEFUDANGANHEJINZHANGGAN。BUYAOZAIZHENGSHIYANCHANGZHONGDAIRU“YANYIN”LIANXIDESHENTIXIGUAN,YIMIANPOHUAIYISHUBIAOYANDEZHENGTIXING。

                              (二)与嗓音疾病治疗的结合

                              YINGYONG“YANYIN”FASHENGFANGFASHI,RUTONGCHUIKOUSHAOBANBAYANBUDIAOJIECHENGGUANZHUANG,TONGGUOLAKAISHEGUHEJIAZHUANGGUDEFENGXIJIHOUJIEXIAJIANGDEDONGZUO,BIMIANLEZIRANFAYINSHIHOUJIJINZHANGDUISHENGDAICHANSHENGDEJIYAXIANXIANG。ZAIGECHANGDEQIXILIUDONGZHONG,GUANZIZHONGDESHENGDAISHIZAIBEIDONGDEHUXI、XIDEKAOLONGDANGZHONGLAIFAYINDE,ZHEIZHONGBIANZHUDONGWEIBEIDONGDE“BEINUOLISHI”ZUOYONG,KEYIZUODAOCHANGCHANGBULEI,JIANGSHENGDAIFUHEJIANGDIDAOZUIDI,DADAOJIANKANGFASHENGDEKEXUEYAOQIU,DADATIGAOLEGEZHEDEFAYINXIAOLV。

                              “YANYIN”FASHENGDEGUANGFANZUOYONGBUJINSHOUYIYUSHENGLECONGYEZHE,TONGYANGDUIJIAOSHI、BOYINYUANDENGGEXINGGEYEZHONGCHUXIANDESANGYINZHIYEBINGYOUYIDINGFANGZHIZUOYONG。ZAIKEXUELINCHUANGZHONG,HOUKEYISHENGMENFAXIAN,YIDANFAYINGUANDAITIHOUQISHIJING,DANG“YANYIN”XUNLIANFAHUIZUIGAOXIAONENGSHI,TAXIANXIANCHULIANGHAODESANGYINBAOJIANZUOYONG:BUJINNENGZAIDUANQINEIZHIYUYIXIEXIANDAIYIXUESHANGWUFAGENZHIDEYANZHONGHOUJI,YENENGSHIYIXIEYINTIANSHENGHOUQIQUEXIANERDAOZHISIYADEHUANZHEZAIDUANQINEIBIANWEIJIANKANGSANGZI。GENGWEISHENQIDESHI,“YANYIN”FASHENGNENGSHIXUDUOLAOGECHANGJIADEGECHANGSANGYINYONGBAOQINGCHUN。1953NIANZHI1965NIANZHENGZHENG12NIANJIAN,80DUOWEIGECHANGJIAZAILINJUNQINGDESANGYINZHIDAOXUNLIANXIA,JUNHUODELEKENDINGDEZHILIAOXIAOGUO。YIXILIEFENGSHUODEKEYANCHENGGUOYECUCHENGLETAZUIHOUYIBU“YANYIN”ZHEZUODEFABIAO,1990NIAN《SANGYINDE“SHENYAO”:YANYIN》DEWENSHIGENGWANSHANLE“YANYIN”FASHENGFANGFA,SHIZHICHAOYUELEGECHANGLINGYUERCHENGWEIYIMENXINXINGDESANGYINBIANYUANKEXUE,WEISHIJIESHENGLEJIE、YIXUEJIESUOZHUMU。ZAIGAIZHEZUOZHONGLINJUNQINGZHICHU:“YIPAICHUANTONGZHEIYI‘YANYIN’LIANSHENGMIFA,BUDANZAIYISHUSHENGLELINGYULISHIYIWEIJIANSANGDETEXIAOYAO,ERQIEZAIYISHULINGYUZHIWAI,YESHIYIWEIDUIRENHERENDESANGZIJISHENTIJIANKANG,DOUFEICHANGYOUYIDESHENYAO。”[5]

                              四、“咽音”发声法的贡献及影响

                              20SHIJI40NIANDAIDANGLINJUNQINGGENSUIMONEIWEITAXUEXI“YANYIN”SHI,ZHEIGEBEIRENWEISHIYIDALIMEISHENG“MIFANG”DEFASHENGFANGFAZAIYIDALIMEISHENGCHANGFAZHONGZHISHIYIZHONGBUZIJUEDIYUNYONG,ZAIXIFANGBINGMEIYOUYOUYISHIDIDUIQIJINXINGYANJIU,ERLINJUNQINGSUOXUEDAODEFA“YANYIN”DEFANGFA,YEZHISHIYIZHANGXIAOKOUZISHIZUOLIANXIZHEIYIZHONGFANGFA,ZISHISHANGZHIYAOQIUSHANGCHUNWANGSHANGQIAO,DUIYUCUOQUANPINGDUISHENGYINXINGXIANGDEGANJUELAIPANDUAN。ZAOZAI300NIANQIAN,YIPAIMEISHENGXUEPAIDEHUANGJINSHIDAI,RENMENJIUDUIRUHEKUOZHANYINYU、KUODAYINLIANGYIJIZENGQIANGSHENGYINDECHIJIUXINGDENGFANGMIANDEYANJIUFASHENGLEXINGQU。ZHIHOU,BEISHAOSHUMEISHENGDASHIMENSUOLONGDUANDEGECHANGMIFANG“YANBUCHANGFA”,ZAIYINGGUORENHEBOTE·KAISHALEISUOZHUANXIEDE《SUIXINZHIYIN》[4]157ZHONGJIEKAILESHENMIMIANSHA,QIZHONGGUANYU“YANYIN”DELISHI、TESEJIJIAZHIZAIWENZHONGDOUYOUXIANGJINLUNSHU,DANXIANYUDANGSHIDEYIXUETIAOJIAN,KAISALEIHAIWUFADUI“YANYIN”DESHENGLIJIEGOUHEJUTIXINGCHENGSHOUDUANZUOSHENRUCHANSHI,YOUXIEJIANJIEHAIJINXIANYUCAIXIANGHEJIASHUO,BINGBUJUBEICHONGFENDEKEXUELUNZHENG。ERLINJUNQINGJINGGUOSHUSHINIANQIANXINYANJIU,JINXINGLEHAOFANJIANJUDEKEXUESHIYANHEGECHANGYISHUJIAOXUESHIJIAN,JIERUSHENJINGXUE、SHENGLIXUE、WULIXUEZHULINGYUJINXINGXIZHIDEFENXISHUOMING,LINGRENXINFUDIKEXUECHANMINGLEXINGCHENG“YANYIN”DESHENGLIJINENGZHUANGTAI,JIESHILE“YANYIN”DESHIZHI,QUELILEYIZHENGTAOXINGZHIYOUXIAODEXUNLIAN“YANYIN”DEFANGFA。

                              (一)揭示“咽音”实质

                              20SHIJI50NIANDAIWOGUODESHENGLEYISHUSHUIPINGCONGSHENGYINDEZHILIANGHEGECHANGNENGLISHANGDOUYUSHIJIEXIANJINSHENGLEYISHUGUOJIADESHUIPINGXIANGJUSHENYUAN。TEBIESHIZAISANGYINDEBAOCHISHANG,HENDUOZAOYIPOSHENDEGECHANGJIADOUZHINENGZAIDIANFENGSHIQITANHUAYIXIAN。DANGNIANSHENGLEJIEDUIMEISHENGCHANGFADEXITONGJIAOXUEBIERBUTAN,DANLINJUNQINGQUEZAISHENGLELILUNZHEZUO《GECHANGFAYINDEJINENGZHUANGTAI》ZHONGZHICHU,“YIGECHANGERLUN,SHENGYINDEHAOHUAISHIZUIJIBENDEWENTI”。TATEBIEQIANGDIAOLESHENGYINZHILIANGDEZHONGYAOXING,JIANGYIGEYOUXIUGECHANGJIAZAIYINZHISHANGYINGJUBEIDETESEGUINACHENGSIDIAN:QIYI,SHENGYINBENZHISHIFOUCHUNJING、MEIMIAOERFUYOUDONGRENDEQINGGAN;QIER,SHENGYINSHIFOUXIANGDANGXIANGLIANGERFENGMANYUANRUN;QISAN,SHENGYINSHIFOUJUNYUNPINGWEN,SHIFOUQIANHOUYIZHIGAODITONGXING;QISI,SHENGYINSHIFOUJUBEIRENXING,SHIFOUKEDAKEXIAO,KEGANGKEROU,ZHOUZHUANZIRU。LINJUNQINGRENWEI,YIDALIMEISHENGXUEPAIGECHANGJIAJIUSHIZHANGWOLE“YANYIN”LIANSHENGFA,BINGZAIGECHANGDEGUOCHENGZHONGJIANGTAMENSHENGYINDESECAIJINXINGLEXIWEIDECHULI。LINJUNQINGZAISHIJIANDEGUOCHENGZHONGMOSUODAORUHEJIANGYANQIANGDIAOJIECHENGGUANZHUANGGONGMINGSHIDEFANGFA,BINGZAISHUZHONGYONGSHENGWUXUE、JIEPOUXUE、WULIXUEDENGFANGMIANDEKEXUEZHISHIJIAYIFENXI,DUIYU“YANYIN”XUNLIANYUANLIHEQISANGYINBAOHUDEWENTITICHULEZHONGYAODEGUANDIAN,QIDUI“YANYIN”SHIZHIDEJIESHI,SHISHENGLEYISHUYANJIUDEYIDAFEIYUE。

                              (二)完善“咽音”理论

                              20SHIJI50NIANDAI,LINJUNQINGZAITAXIEDE《GECHANGFAYINBUZHENGQUEDEYUANYINJIJIUZHENGFANGFA》[6]ZHONGCHANSHULESHENGLEJICHUXUNLIANSUOCUNZAIJIAOXUEWENTI,BINGTICHUJIANMINGYOUXIAODEJIEJUEFANGFA,SHIYUANBENMEIYOUTITONGHUAHEMINGQUEHUADEGUOWAICHUANTONGSHENGLEJIAOXUEBIANDEJUYOUKEJIANXINGHEKEXINXING。TAHUIZHILEDALIANGQINGXIKEJIANDETUJIE,CONGYINXIANGXUEHELIXUEDESHIJIAOLAIDUI“YANYIN”JINXINGLEQUANMIANDEJIESHI,JIANGYUANBENNANYIBIAODADEYIDALIMEISHENGXUEPAIDELIANSHENGFANGFABIANDEMINGLE,WEIQITIGONGLELILUNDEYIJU。20SHIJI60NIANDAILINJUNQINGYOUCHUBANLEYIBENSHENGLELILUNSHUJI《GECHANGFAYINDEKEXUEJICHU》[2],CISHUDUI《GECHANGFAYINDEJINENGZHUANGTAI》[1]YISHUJINXINGLEBIYAODEXIUGAIBINGZENGJIALE“SANGYINZAIYISHUSHANGDEYINGYONG”JI“YIDALIMEISHENGCHANGFADEFAYINTEDIAN”LIANGZHANG,ZHEZHONGJIAQIANGLEYOUGUANYIDALIMEISHENGCHANGFADELUNSHU,JIAOXIANGXIDICHANMINGLEMEISHENGCHANGFADEJISHUTEDIANJIQIFAYINDEYOUYUEXINGSUOZAI。GAISHUZHONGZUIZHONGYAODEYIDIANSHIDUIRUHEJIANLIKEXUEDEFASHENGFANGFA,TIGAOSHENGYINDEZHILIANGJICHULEJUYOUKEXUEXING、CHUANGXINXINGDEYIJIAN、GUANDIAN。TAJIANGYUANYOUMEISHENGXUEPAIDEGECHANGJIQIAOYUANLIHEXUNLIANSHOUDUANJINXINGLEZONGJIEGUINA,XINGCHENGYITAOJUYOUKEXUELILUNZHICHENGDEFAYINLIANXIFA,YOUZHENDUIXINGDIJIAQIANGFASHENGQIGUANDEJINENG,CONGERGAISHANGECHANGZHEDEFASHENGNENGLI,JIANGHOUQIANGRUYIJIAN“LEQI”LAIJINXINGDAMO。LINJUNQINGYIDALIANGDEXUESHUSHIJIANWEIJICHU,JIEHETADEYIXUEZHISHI,TUPOLEGECHANGYUHUXIYISHUYUANBENDANYIDELINIAN,ZHAODAOLESHENGDAI、GONGMINGQIANGYUQIXISANZHEZHIJIANDEPINGHENGDIAN,HELILUNZHENGLESANZHEXIANGHUMAODUN、XIANGHUZHIYUE、XIANGHUXIEDIAODEBIANZHENGGUANXI。

                              (三)构筑“咽音”体系

                              LINJUNQINGZHUANXIECHUBANDE《“YANYIN”LIANSHENGDEBAGEBUZHOU》[4]YISHUKEFENWEI“YONG‘YANYIN’LIANSHENGDEBAGEBUZHOU”HE“‘YANYIN’WENTIDEJIEDA”LIANGDABUFEN。DIYIBUFENCHANSHUDESHIBAOHANBADABUZHOU“YANYIN”LIANSHENGFADEGUIFANTIXI,DIERBUFENZEZHENGHELEGUANYU“YANYIN”DE105GEWENTI,BINGYIYIJIEDA,MIBULEZHANGJIUYILAI“YANYIN”LIANSHENGFADELILUNQUESHI。GAISHUZONGJIELELINJUNQINGDUI“YANYIN”DEYANJIUCHENGGUO,YEXIANGZHENGZHE“YANYIN”LIANSHENGTIXIDEWANZHENGJIANLI。ZHEIYITIXIYOUYITAOBIJIAOWANZHENGDEKEXUELUNJU、XUNXUJIANJINDEBUZHOU、YOUXIAODELIANXIFANGFA、DUSHUYIZHIDEYISHUFENGGEHEBIAOXIANXINGSHI,ZAIGUONEIWAISHENGLEJIEYICHANSHENGJIAODAYINGXIANG,XUDUOGECHANGJIAZAI“YANYIN”LIANSHENGSHIJIANZHONGYICHONGFENYANZHENGQIXUESHUJIAZHISHIZHENSHIKEKAODE。1990NIANLINJUNQINGWANCHENGLETAZUIHOUYIBU“YANYIN”LILUNZHUANZHE《SANGYINDE“SHENYAO”:YANYIN》[5],WANSHANLE“YANYIN”LIANSHENGFA,SHIZHICHAOYUELEGECHANGLINGYU,CHENGWEIYIMENXINXINGDESANGYINBIANYUANKEXUE,WEISHIJIESHENGLEJIESUOZHUMU。

                              LINJUNQINGYIQISUOXUEDEYIXUELILUNZUOWEIJICHU,JIEHERENTIGECHANGQIGUANJIEPOUDESHIJIANCHENGGUOYUQISHENGLEYANCHANGDESHIJIANJINGLI,XIANGXIHUIZHILEGECHANGZHONGQIGUANDEJIEPOUSHENGLITU,CONGRENTIFASHENGSUOXUYUNYONGDEMEIYIGEBUWEIJINXINGLEFASHENGFANGFADECHANSHI。WOMENJIKANDAOLEDANGEFASHENGQIGUANDEYUNDONGGUILV,YEKANDAOLEGEQIGUANZHIJIANSHIRUHEXIEZUOFASHENGDE,CONGZHONGMINGXILEJIEGECHANGLIUCHENGDEGEGEHUANJIE。DANGRAN,ZHEIYIXILIESHENGLI、WULIYUNZUOGUOCHENG,WUFATUOLIGEZHEXINLIJIZHIDECANYU,QIAQIASHIJIJIDEXINLIYISHICAINENGHUOYUEFAHUISHENGLIGONGNENG。NAOZHONGXIANXIANGHAOZENMEZUO,JIROUCAINENGGENSUI,ZHIZHIZUIHOUWUXUZHILINGJIERU,JIUXINGCHENGGECHANGDEXIAYISHIHUODONG,ZHENGRUWEIDADEGECHANGJIAMEN,TAMENYOUZOUZAISHENGYINDEZIYOUGUODULI,BINGHAOWUZHANGAIDIJIANGQINGGANNENGLIANGRONGRUSHENGYINZAOXINGZHONG,DADAOSHENGXINHEYIDEMEISHENGJINGJIE。“YANYIN”FASHENGDEYANJIUJISHIRUCI,TAJIANLIZAISHENGLIXUE、XINLIXUE、WULIXUEHEYUYINXUEDEZONGHELILUNZHISHANG,YOUSHENRUGECHANGXINLIXUEDERENZHI、YIZHIDENGXINLIJIZHIFANCHOU,CONGLILUNSHANGTANSUORENLEISANGYINSUONENGKAIFADEQIANNENG,BINGJIANGQIYUNYONGDAOSHENGLEYANCHANGZHONG,MIBULEGAIXUEKESUOQUEFADEKEXUELILUNXINGYUSHIJIANGUIFANXING。YUYANRENGECHANGZHESUODADAORENLEIJIXIANSANGYINDEFANGSHIBUTONG,LINJUNQINGYIRENLEIDESHENGLIWEICHUFADIAN,CONGZIRANGUILVZHONGZHAOXUNSHENGLEFAYINDETUPOKOU,BINGDAPOKOUCHUANXINJIAODEXUEXIFANGSHI,WULUNCONGGECHANGRENWENXINGDEJIAODU,HAISHIGECHANGKEXUEXINGDEJIAODULAIKAN,DOUYINLINGWOGUOSHENGLEJISHUSHUIPINGDAODALEYIGEXINDEGAODU。

                              结 语

                            星云棋牌官网下载   “YANYIN”FASHENGFANGFASHIZAIJICHENGXIFANG“YANYIN”CHUANTONGDEJICHUSHANG,CHUANGZAOXINGDIJIEHEDUOGEXUEKEDEKEYANCHENGGUOSUOXINGCHENGDEYITAOYIXIFANGSHENGLECHUANTONGWEIJICHU,DANYOUCHAOYUEQICHUANTONGJIAOXUE,BINGYIZHONGHUAMINZUSHENGLEYANCHANGWEIXINBEIJINGDEFASHENGFANGSHI。TAYIDALIANGDEGECHANGYISHUSHIJIANJINGYANWEIJICHU,JIEHEZHUDUOSANGYINYIXUELINCHUANGBINGLI,YIFAYINSHENGLIXUESHIYANFENXISUODEDESHUJUWEIJICHU,TANQIUHECHANFACHUGEZHONGGECHANGFAYINFANGFACUOWUDEYUANYIN、XIANXIANGJIQIFAZHANXINGCHENGDEKEGUANGUILV,WEIZAIGECHANGFASHENGXUNLIANGUOCHENGZHONGSUOYUDAODEGEZHONGBULIANGFASHENGZHUANGTAI(RUCUOWUDEGECHANGHUXIFANGFA、GONGMINGDIAOJIESHIDANG、DAIYOUQUEXIANDESHENGDAIFAYINJINENG、YAOZISHIYUANYINYINSEDECUOWUBAWODENG)TIGONGLEYOUXIAODEJIUZHENGFANGFA,KEYIKUAISUYOUXIAODIXUNLIANXUESHENGZHAODAOZHENGQUEDEFAYINJINENGZHUANGTAI。

                            星云棋牌官网下载   TONGSHI,“YANYIN”FASHENGFANGFAZAISHENGLEJIAOXUESHIJIANZHONGJIQIANGDIAOZUNXUNFASHENGQIGUANSHENGLIGONGNENGDEKEXUEXING,YOUZHUZHONGNAOBUJINENGDEXINLIGANJUEJIRENZHISIWEIYISHI,ZHEIJIUYAOQIUJIAOSHIZAISHENGLEJIAOXUEZHONGBINGCHENGKEXUETAIDU,RENZHENLEJIERENTIFASHENG“LEQI”DEWUZHIJICHU,YOUYAOZUNXUNGECHANGZHONGSHENGLIGONGNENGYUXINLIDIAOKONGZHIJIANDEBIANZHENGGUANXI,YINDAOXUESHENGZAIDANAOSHENJINGCEDONGFASHENGQIGUANDETONGSHI,QUANSHENXINTOURUGEGEFASHENGYAOSUXIETONGGONGZUODEGECHANGHUODONGZHONG。LINJUNQINGDE“YANYIN”FASHENGXUNLIANFACONGHENDACHENGDUSHANGWEISHENGLEYANCHANGDEXUNLIANYUYANCHANGDAILAILEXINDEQIFA,QIJIAOXUESHIJIANZHAOSHICHU:SHENGLELILUNYUJIAOXUEYANJIUYINGZUNXUNGECHANGQIGUANDEYUNDONGJIGECHANGXINLIXINGCHENGDEKEGUANGUILV,QUANFANGWEIDIGUANZHUQITAXIANGGUANJIAOCHAXUEKEDEKEXUEYANJIUCHENGGUO。QIYANJIUSHICONGBENZHISHANGZHENGQUEQUBIESHENGYINGAINIAN,YINFALESHENGLEJIAOXUEZHONGXINDESIKAOYUBIANGE,WEIWOGUOSHENGLEJIAOXUETIGONGLEYITIAOJUYOUKEXINGXINGDEKEXUEXINDAOLU,TONGSHIFENGFUHEFAZHANLEWOGUOMINZUSHENGLEYISHULILUN,DUIWOGUOMEISHENGCHANGFADEFAZHANJIMINZUSHENGLEYISHUDEFAZHANDOUJUYOUZHONGYAODEZHIDAOYIYI。

                              CHUNCUIDE“YANYIN”,YINQICIERDEJIANYINGDEYINZHI,WUFAWANMEIDIBIAODAYISHUGEQUDESIXIANGJIYIJING,ZHINENGBEIKANZUOSHIYIZHONGFAYINNENGLI,BINGBUNENGCHENGWEIWOMENSUOSHUODEGECHANGNENGLI。LINJUNQINGDE“YANYIN”FASHENGFANGFACONGCHUANGLISHIQI,QIXUESHUCHENGJIUZAIYINQIYINLEJIEZHUMUDETONGSHI,YEYINQICUNZAIDEJUXIANERBEIYIXIESHENGLEQUANWEIQUANPANFOUREN。ZHEIBIAOMINGWOMENDUI“YANYIN”DERENSHIXUYAOYIKAOXIANDAIKEXUEDEFAZHANERJINYIBUSHENHUA,“YANYIN”FASHENGFASUOXIANXIANDEBUZUYUJUXIANHAIYINGZAISHENGLEYANCHANGYUJIAOXUESHIJIANZHONGBEIBUDUANDIBUCHONG、WANSHAN,SHIQIZAISHENGLEJIAOXUESHIJIANZHONGFAHUIGENGDADEZUOYONG,JINERGENGHAODIWEIYISHUYANCHANGFUWU。

                              参考文献

                              [1] 林俊卿.歌唱发音的机能状态[M].北京:人民音乐出版社,1957.
                              [2] 林俊卿.歌唱发音的科学基础[M].上海:上海音乐出版社,1962.
                              [3] 林俊卿.“咽音”练声体系[M].香港:香港出版社,1981.
                              [4] 林俊卿.“咽音”练声的八个步骤[M].上海:上海音乐出版社,1985.
                              [5] 林俊卿.嗓音的“神药”:咽音[M].上海:上海音乐出版社,1990:3.
                            星云棋牌官网下载   [6] 林俊卿.歌唱发音不正确的原因及纠正方法[M].北京:人民音乐出版社,1960.

                              ZHUSHI

                            星云棋牌官网下载   1CANJIANLINJUNQING《“YANYIN”LIANSHENGDEBAGEBUZHOU》FUJIAN1,KAISHALEI、JILIZHE,LINJUNQINGYI,The voice of the mind Chapter XX II,SHANGHAI:SHANGHAIYINLECHUBANSHE,1985NIAN,DI157YE。

                              周敏.声乐教育家林俊卿“咽音”发声法理论与实践[J].美育学刊,2020,11(01):23-29.
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