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                                    学术堂专业论文学习平台您当前的位置:学术堂 > 教师论文 > 语文论文 > 高中语文论文

                                    语文阅读中培育高中生审美素养的误区与途径

                                    时间:2018-12-05 来源:中国校外教育 作者:桑国胜 本文字数:2729字

                                      摘    要: 近年来,审美素养在高中语文阅读教学中的重要性得到了广泛重视,它不仅反映着学生对于阅读内容的掌握,还反映着学生的阅读趣味与道德品格,以润物无声的方式影响着高中生的学习品质。

                                      关键词:星云棋牌官网下载 高中语文; 阅读教学; 审美素养; 全面发展;

                                      ZAIGAOZHONGYUWENYUEDUJIAOXUEJIEDUAN,YUEDUNEIRONGGENGJUSHENDU、YUEDUFANWEIGENGWEIDUOYANG、JIAOXUESHOUDUANYEDEDAOLEHENDATUOZHAN。SHENMEISUYANGDEPEIYUZUOWEIGAOZHONGYUWENYUEDUJIAOXUEDEMUDEZHIYI,JINNIANLAIZHUJIANDEDAOLEXUDUOSHISHENGDEZHONGSHI。ZAIYUEDUJIAOXUEZHONGRUHEPEIYANGGAOZHONGSHENGDESHENMEISUYANG,CHENGWEIBUSHAOYUWENJIAOSHIYIZHIYILAISUOSIKAODEZHONGDIANWENTI;DANTONGSHIYOUXIEJIAOSHIYEHUIXIANRUXIANGYINGDEWUQU,SHENMEIJIAOYUCHENGGUOBUJINRURENYI。BENWENZHENDUISHANGSHUQINGKUANG,JIEHEJIAOXUESHIJI,CONGYUEDUJIAOXUENEIRONGCHUFA,TANJIUZAIGAOZHONGYUWENYUEDUJIAOXUEZHONGPEIYUXUESHENGSHENMEISUYANGDESHIXIANTUJING。

                                      一、高中语文阅读教学中培育学生审美素养的意义

                                      1.适应新课改的进程和要求

                                      ZAIGAOZHONGYUWENYUEDUJIAOXUEZHONGQIANGHUAXUESHENGSHENMEISUYANGDEPEIYU,QIHEXINKEGAIDEFAZHANMUBIAO,LUOSHILEQUANMIANFAZHANJIAOYUYAOQIUZHONGDEMEIYUYUANZE。SHENMEIJIAOYUBINGFEISHIKETANGDANDUYAOKAISHEYIGEHUANJIELAIJINXINGSHENMEIGANWUDEJIANGJIE,ERSHIRONGRUYUJIAOXUEHUANJIEDEGEGEJIEDUAN。GAOZHONGYUWENYUEDUJIAOXUEXUYAOYIZHISHICHUANSHOUZUOWEIZHONGYAOJICHU,YINCISHENMEIJIAOYUDEQIANYIMOHUAYOUZHUYUJIANGUSHENMEISUYANGDEPEIYU,ZUODAOZHISHIXISHOUXUEXIHESHENMEIJINGYANJILEIHUBUHUJIN。

                                      2.提高语文教学的质量

                                    星云棋牌官网下载   YIWANGGAOZHONGYUWENYUEDUJIAOXUEBAYINDAOXUESHENGZHANGWOZHISHIZUOWEIZHONGDIAN,ZHONGSHIXUESHENGDEZHILIFAZHANHEZHISHISUYANG,ERHUSHILEXUESHENGDUIYUEDUBENSHENDEGANSHOU。ZAISHENMEIBIAOXIANZHONGKAIZHANYUWENYUEDUJIAOXUE,YOUZHUYUGOUJIANMEIHAODEJIAOXUEQINGJING,WANSHANJIAOXUEMUBIAOHEJIAOXUEHUANJIE,JINYIBUTISHENGGAOZHONGYUWENYUEDUJIAOXUEDEYOUXIAOXING,JIANGZHONGSHI“ZHISHILIANG”DEYUWENYUEDUJIAOXUEMUDEZHUBUXIANGGUANZHU“ZHISHISUYANG”“NENGLISUYANG”HE“SHENMEISUYANG”DEJIEHE。

                                      3.培育学生审美素质,促进全面发展

                                      明确地把审美素养纳入高中语文阅读教学的全过程,符合促进学生全面发展的教育理念。学生通过阅读学习,不仅了解了与文章相关的背景知识、语言事实、艺术手法和主题思想等,还从其中收获了阅读的“美的感受”。学生逐渐能够从知识的被动接受者转变为独立进行审美观察和感悟理解,建立起一定的审美意识。
                                     

                                    语文阅读中培育高中生审美素养的误区与途径
                                     

                                      二、高中语文阅读教学中培育学生审美素养的常见误区

                                      1.急于求成

                                      MINGQUEDESHUO,ZAIGAOZHONGYUWENYUEDUJIAOXUEZHONGPEIYUSHENMEIYISHISHIYIGEZHANGQIXINGDE、DUOBUZHOUDE、XITONGXINGDEGUOCHENG。ZUOWEIYUEDUSUYANGDEZHONGYAOZUCHENGBUFEN,SHENMEIJIAOYUDEXIAOGUOKENENGBINGBURUZHISHIDIANZHANGWONEIMELIGANJIANYING,JIANCEXUESHENGSHENMEICHENGGUOYEMEIYOUQUEDINGDE、KEGONGCANKAODEJUTIBIAOZHUN。YINCI,GAOZHONGYUWENYUEDUJIAOXUEZHONGDESHENMEISUYANGPEIYUBUNENGJIYUQIUCHENG,ERSHIYAOERRUMURAN,YIBUBUSHENRU。

                                      2.统一规划

                                      YUEDUBUJINSHIGAOZHONGYUWENJIAOXUEDEZHONGDIAN,YESHIXIANGGUANYUWENKAOSHIBUKEHUOQUEDEBUFEN;TAJIANYANZHEXUESHENGSHENSHIWENBEN、LIJIEWENYI、DONGDEYISHUFENXI、ZUZHIYUYANDENGDUOXIANGYUEDUNENGLI。ZAIYUEDUZHISHIDEJIAOXUESHANG,KAOSHISHIJUANYOUZHETONGYIDEBIAOZHUN,XUESHENGDEYUEDUNENGLIKEYIDEDAOXIANGDUIKEKAODEHENGLIANG。DANZAISHENMEISUYANGSHANG,MEIGEXUESHENGDESHENMEIGUANNIAN、YIWANGDESHENMEIJINGYANDOUSHIXIANGCHAGEYIDE,YUWENJIAOSHIBUNENGKEYIDIGUIDINGXUESHENGDOUYAOCHAOTONGYIFANGXIANGFAZHAN,YEJINLIANGBIMIANGUIDINGDANYIDEDAANHUOZHEDUIXUESHENGDESHENMEIBIAOZHUNZUOJUEDUIYAOQIU。FOUZE,BUJINBULIYUXUESHENGZAIYUWENYUEDUJIAOXUEKETANGSHANGJIJIXINGDETIGAO,HAIYAZHILEXUESHENGZAIZIZHUSHENMEIFANGMIANDEDULIFAZHAN。

                                      三、高中语文阅读教学中发展学生审美素养的可行途径

                                      1.以教材为基点,拓宽阅读范围

                                      GAOZHONGYUWENJIAOCAISHIJIAOSHIJINXINGYUEDUJIAOXUEDEZHONGYAOWENBENJICHU,ZHIDEZHUYIDESHI,GAOZHONGYUWENKEBENZHONGDEZUOPINZAIYUEDUNANDU、YUEDUGUANGDUSHANGDOUYOUTUOZHANHESHENHUA。WENBENLEIXINGGENGJIADUOYANG、TICAIYEBUDUANFENGFU,MANZULEXUESHENGYUEDUSHENMEIXUQIUDEDUOYUANHUA。PEIYANGJIAOYURENHEZHONGHUAMUYIYANG,SHOUXIANYAORENSHIHUAMUDETEDIAN,QUBIEBUTONGQINGKUANGJIYISHIFEI、JIAOSHUIHEPEIYANGJIAOYU,ZHEIJIAO“YINCAISHIJIAO”。YOUDEXUESHENGXIHUANGUSHICI,YOUDEXUESHENGPIANAISANWENSUIBI,HAIYOURENDUIWAIGUOWENXUEZUOPINGANXINGQUDENG,ZHEIXIEYUEDUXINGQUDIANDOUNENGZAIGAOZHONGYUWENJIAOCAIZHONGKUIJIANHEDEDAOMANZU。GAOZHONGYUWENYUEDUJIAOXUEYAOQIUJIAOSHIYIKEBENHEXUESHENGTEDIANWEIJIDIAN,QUEBAOXUESHENGJICHUZHISHIDEZHANGWO;DANSHIZAIJUTIDEJIAOXUESHIJIZHONG,JIAOSHIYEYAONENGGOUZIJUETUOZHANXUESHENGDESHENMEIFANWEI,BUJINJINSHIJUXIANYUKEBENDEJISHIPIANDUANWENZHONG。RUJIAOXUELUXUNDE《WEILEWANGQUEDEJINIAN》HOU,KEYIGULIXUESHENGYUEDULUXUNDESANWENJI《CHAOHUAXISHI》,SHENRUPINWEILUXUNWENZHANGDEYIJINGYUYIWEI。ZAIXUEXI《QUANXUE》DENGGUOXUEJINGDIANSHI,KEYIYINDAOXUESHENGYUEDUGUOXUEJINGDIANDEXIANGGUANPIANZHANG,HUOZHEGUANKANREBODECHUANTONGWENHUAJIEMUSHIPIN,TISHENGDUIXUESHENGZAICHUANTONGWENHUADEXINGQU,CONGERTIGAOXUESHENGDECHUANTONGWENHUASUYANG。

                                      2.细读品味语言,感受阅读魅力

                                    星云棋牌官网下载   YUWENYANJIUDEYIBUFENJIUSHIWENBENDEYUYANBIAOXIANLI,NENGGOUBEIXUANRUGAOZHONGYUWENKEBENDEWENZHANGDOUZAIYUYANYUNYONGSHANGYOUDUDAOHEKEQUZHICHU。ZHEIXIEWENZIXIANMINGDITIXIANLEHANYUYUYANQIANCIZAOJUDEMEILI,LIULUCHUYUYANZHIMEI。ZAIGAOZHONGYUWENYUEDUJIAOXUEZHONG,YAOTEBIEZHUZHONGFENXIWENBENDENEIZAIYUYANZUZHI,XIXIPINDU,SHENHUAGANWU。RUZAIDU《LINDAIYUJINJIAFU》SHI,BUJINKEYIXINSHANG《HONGLOUMENG》ZHONGJINGMIAOJUELUNDEYISHUBUJUHEGUSHIQINGJIE,KEYIPINWEIDANGZHONGDUIGEGERENWUXINGXIANGDESUZAOYISHU,“MANZHIHUANGTANGYAN,YIBAXINSUANLEI”DEZIZHENJUZHUOGENGZHIDEWOMENXIXIDIPINDU,MANMANSISUO。ZAILINDAIYUGANGJINJIAFUSHI,JIAMUWENNIANDESHENMESHU?DAIYUSHUO,ZHIGANGNIANLE《SISHU》,QUEFANWENLEZIMEIMENDUDESHENMESHU?JIUZAIYIJUHUADEGONGFU,YIGEQIANHEDE“NIAN”,YIGEGONGJINGDE“DU”BALINDAIYUCHUJINJIAFUSHIDENEIZHONGJINXIAOSHENWEI、JUJINGONGSU、“SHISHIZAIYI”DEXINLIZHUANGTAIMIAOXIEDEBULOUSHENGSEQUEYOUQIARUQIFEN。YOUXIEWENZHANGXUYAOYAOWENJIAOZIDIQUXIXIPINWEI,YOUXIEWENZHANGYEKEYIDAKUAIDUOYIDIGANSHOUWENFENG,ZAIXUEXIBUTONGLEIXINGWENBENSHI,JIAOSHIYAOZHEZHONGYAORANGXUESHENGTIWEIBUTONGTICAIDEYUEDUDUIXIANGYOUNAXIECHAYI,RANGXUESHENGGANSHOUYUYANZHIMEI、YUEDUZHIMEI。

                                      3.鼓励课堂讨论,深化审美感受

                                    星云棋牌官网下载   YUEDUJIAOXUESHIJIAOSHI、ZUOPINHEXUESHENGSANZHEZHIJIANDEJIAOLIUHEDUIHUA,ZHEIYESHIGAOZHONGYUWENYUEDUJIAOXUEDECHANGGUIMOSHI。RANERXUESHENGTONGGUOWENBENYUEDU,ZAIKETANGSHANGHEJIAOSHIZHIJIEDUIHUADEJIHUIBINGBUDUO,HEZUOPINDEDUIHUAYOUQUEFAHUDONGXING,YINCIYUWENJIAOSHIYINGGAIZAIYUEDUKETANGSHANGKAIZHANXUESHENGZHIJIANDEJIAOLIUHETAOLUN。RUJIAOSHIDUI《CHUSHIBIAO》JINXINGJIAOXUESHI,ZAIZHENGSHIJIAOXUEKAISHIZHIQIAN,JIAOSHIKEYIZUZHIXUESHENGMENXIANTAOLUNDUIZHUGELIANGDEGERENYINXIANG,WEIHOUMIANDEYUEDUXUEXIDIANDINGJIDIAO。ZAIYUEDUJIAOXUEWANCHENGHOU,XUESHENGMENZAIXIAOZUNEIBUSHUFAGERENDUIZHEIPIANBIAOWENDEZONGDEGANSHOU,XIAOZUTONGXUEHUXIANGJIAOLIU,ZUIHOUKEYIXUANZEDAIBIAOJINXINGFAYANZONGJIE,WEIBENTANGYUEDUJIAOXUEZUOYIZONGJIE。YIFANGMIANDUANLIANLEXUESHENGSIKAOYUEDUWENTIYUXIANSHISHENGHUOZHIJIANGUANLIANDENENGLI,TONGSHIYENENGGOUHUOYUEKETANGQIFEN、TIXIANYIXUESHENGWEIZHUTIDEKETANGJIAOXUELINIAN,CUJINSHISHENGHUDONG、SHENGSHENGHUDONG,QUEBAOYUWENYUEDUKETANGJIAOXUEDEYOUXIAOXING。

                                    星云棋牌官网下载   ZONGQIANSUOSHU,GAOZHONGYUWENYUEDUJIAOXUEZHONGFAZHANZHONGXUESHENGDESHENMEISUYANG,BUJINCUJINLEXUESHENGDEDUOFANGMIANFAZHAN,SHENHUAXUESHENGDUIMEIXUEDERENZHI,TONGSHIYETUIDONGZHEGAOZHONGYUWENJIAOSHIYUEDUJIAOXUEGONGZUODEBUDUANWANSHAN。YINCIJIAOSHIYINGGAIBUDUANKUODAZISHENDEZHISHIMIAN,YIBEIJIAOXUEGUOCHENGZHONGDEBUSHIZHIXU;CIWAIHAIYAOBUDUANGAIJINYUWENYUEDUJIAOXUEFANGFA,QIFAXUESHENGMENZAIXUEXIYUEDUZHISHIDETONGSHIZHUZHONGDUIWENXUEZUOPINDEMEIGANSIKAO,SHENHUADUIWENBENDESIXIANGRENSHI、ZHUJIANPEIYANGQIXUESHENGZAIYUEDUFANGMIANDESHENMEINENGLI,CUJINXUESHENGYUEDUSHENMEIDELIXINGHUA、QUANMIANXING。

                                      参考文献

                                      [1]李瑞华.高中语文阅读教学中提高学生审美感知力的研究[D].云南师范大学报,2017.
                                      [2]白忠明,潘忠.试论中国学生发展核心素养背景下高中语文教学中的审美教育[J].宁夏大学学报,201,(05).
                                      [3]邵丽君.传授阅读方法培养阅读习惯——浅谈高中语文阅读教学[J].阅读与鉴赏,2006,(04).

                                      桑国胜.高中语文阅读教学培养学生审美素养的策略探微[J].中国校外教育,2019(35):61-62.
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