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                                    建模论文摘要怎么写(专业导师分析)

                                    时间:2018-10-29 来源:未知 作者:婷婷 本文字数:2211字

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                                      1.建模论文摘要的基本作用

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                                      (1)说明论文的主题及意义

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                                      (2)阐明论文探讨的主要问题与方向

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                                      (3)叙述论文的主要工作与研究

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                                      (4)突出论文的创新性、突破性或结果的适用性、创造性

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                                      2.建模论文摘要的书写规范

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                                      (1)摘要中问题背景和问题重述的书写

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                                      (2)摘要中模型结构的书写

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                                      (3)摘要中模型内容的书写

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                                      (4)摘要中论文亮点或结论的书写

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                                      3.建模论文摘要写作过程中应该注意以下几点:

                                      1)摘要中应排除已成为常识的内容;切忌把应在引言中出现的内容写入摘要;一般也不要对论文内容作诠释和评论(尤其是自我评价)。

                                      2)不得简单重复题名中已有的信息。比如一篇文章的题名是《几种中国兰种子试管培养根状茎发生的研究》,摘要的开头就不要再写:“为了……,对几种中国兰种子试管培养根状茎的发生进行了研究”。

                                      3)结构严谨,表达简明,语义确切。摘要先写什么,后写什么,要按逻辑顺序来安排。句子之间要上下连贯,互相呼应。摘要慎用长句,句型应力求简单。每句话要表意明白,无空泛、笼统、含混之词,但摘要毕竟是一篇完整的短文,摘要不分段。

                                      4)用第三人称。建议采用“对……进行了研究”、“报告了……现状”、“进行了……调查”等记述方法标明一次文献的性质和文献主题,不必使用“本文”、“作者”等作为主语。

                                      5)要使用规范化的名词术语,不用非公用的符号和术语。新术语或尚无合适汉文术语的,可用原文或译出后加括号注明原文。

                                      6)除了实在无法变通以外,一般不用数学公式和化学结构式,不出现插图、表格。

                                      7)不用引文,除非该文献证实或否定了他人已出版的著作。

                                      8)缩略语、略称、代号,除了相邻专业的读者也能清楚理解的以外,在首次出现时必须加以说明。摘要写作时应注意的其他事项,如采用法定计量单位、正确使用语言文字和标点符号等。

                                      目前摘要编写中的主要问题有:要素不全,或缺目的,或缺方法;出现引文,无独立性与自明性;繁简失当。这些一定要引起注意!

                                          
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