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                    期刊论文摘要怎么写(详细介绍)

                    时间:2018-10-29 来源:未知 作者:婷婷 本文字数:3180字

                      ZHAIYAO(abstractHUOsummary)SHIDUILUNWENNEIRONGDEGAIKUO,SHIDUIYANJIUKETIDEZUIHOUZONGJIE,SHIDUIZIJIYANJIUDEYIGEJIAODAI,YESHIDUISHOUZHONGDEZUIJIANDUANHEZUIZHIJIEDEHUIBAO;ZHUYAOSHUOMINGLUNWENDEMUDE、SUOYONGDEFANGFAJIQUDEDEJIEGUOJIYIYI。YIBANSCIQIKANBIANJIBALUNWENDETIMUHEZHAIYAOSONGJIHOUXUANSHENGAOREN,SHENGAORENGENJUZHAIYAONEIRONGLAIJUEDINGSHIFOUYOUXINGQUHUOZHEZHIDEHUASHIJIANSHENYUECIGAO,YINCI,ZAIMOUZHONGCHENGDUSHANG,ZHAIYAOXIEZUODEHAOHUAIJUEDINGLELUNWENDELUYONGQINGKUANG。XIAMIANSHIQIKANLUNWENZHAIYAOZENMEXIEDEFENXIANG,HUANYINGYUEDU。

                      一、期刊论文摘要怎么写

                    星云棋牌官网下载   WENZHANGZUOZHEJIZIJIDESCILUNWENZHIZUOZHAIYAO,YIBANKEFENWEISANGEBUZHOU,JISHAIXUANNEIRONG、ZHAIYAOXUSHUHEDINGGAO。

                      1.筛选内容

                      YIPIANYANJIULUNWENDEZHAIYAOYIBANYINGBAOKUOXIAMIANZHEIXIENEIRONG:SHIYANHUOYANJIUMUDE,SUOJINXINGDESHIJIAN、DIDIAN,SHIYONGDEZHUYAOCAILIAOHEFANGFA,ZHUYAOJIEGUO,YIJIDECHUDEJIELUN。YIBANLAISHUO,YANJIULUNWENDEZHAIYAOYINGBAOKUONENGHUIDAYUANWENXIANBIAOTIXIANGDUZHEZUOCHUXUNUODEZHUYAOJIEGUO,YIJISHIDUZHENENGZHENGQUELIJIEZHEIXIEJIEGUODEJIBENYAOSU。

                      SHIYANYANJIUJIEGUOSHIKEJILUNWENZHONGZUIZHONGYAODENEIRONG,SHIWENZHANGDEZHUTIHEHEXINBUFEN,YESHIDUZHEZUIGUANXINHEZUIXUYAOLEJIEDEQINGBAOZILIAO,ZAISHAIXUANZHEIBUFENNEIRONGSHI,BIXURENZHENXIXINDIFENXIBIJIAO,XUANZECHUZUIZHUYAODEHEZUIDEDANGYUFOUZHIJIEYINGXIANGZHEDUZHEDUIYUANWENNENGFOUZHENGQUELEJIE,SHIJUEDINGZHAIYAOYOULIEDEZUIGUANJIANDEYIHUAN。RUGUOJIEGUOTAIDUOBUNENGQUANBUXUANRU,SHOUXIANYAOXUANZENEIXIEJINGGUOYANZHENGDEHUOYOUZHANGJIUJIAZHIDEJIEGUO、ZHONGYAODEFAXIANYIJIHEYIQIANDELILUNXIANGMAODUNDEJIEGUO,HUOZHEYUSHIJIWENTIYOUGUANDEBUFEN。

                    星云棋牌官网下载   ZUOZHEZAIWANCHENGLUNWENHOU,DUTONGWENZHANG,ANZHAOSHANGMIANDEYUANZEZAIYUANWENZHONGSHAIXUANYONGYUZHAIYAODENEIRONG,BINGZUOCHUSHIDANGDEBIAOJI。

                      2.摘要叙述

                      DUISHANGSHUYISHAIXUANDE,BINGZAIYUANWENZHONGZUOGUOBIAOJIDENEIRONGZHONGXINYUEDU,BINGDUIZHEIXIENEIRONGJINXINGYASUO,RANHOUXUSHUCHULAI。

                      ZAIZHEIGEBUZHOUZHONG,ZUIHAODEFANGSHISHIZUOZHEYONGYINGWENJINXINGSIKAO,BINGYASUOXUANDINGNEIRONG。DANZUODAOZHEIDIANHENNAN,YAOQIUZUOZHEYOUZHASHIDEYINGWENJICHU。

                      YIBANLAISHUO,ZUOZHEZAISHIYANQIANYIYUEDULEDALIANGYUYANJIUZHUTIXIANGGUANDEYINGWENWENXIAN,ZAIXUSHUZHAIYAOSHI,KEMOFANGZHAIYAOZHONGLEISIDEJUZIHUOYONGCI,YAOZUODAOZHEIYIDIANBINGFEINANSHI。

                    星云棋牌官网下载   ZHEILIXUSHUDEZHISHIYIBANYUANZE,DUIYUJUTIDEXUSHUFANGFA,LIRURUHEXIEBIAOTI,RUHEXIEKAITOUJU、JIELUNJIYIXIECHANGYONGDEBIAOSHIFANGFADENG,ZAIYIHOUDEZHANGJIEZHONGJIANGXIANGXILUNSHU。

                      3.定稿

                      WANCHENGSHANGSHUBUZHOU,JIKEDEDAOZHAIYAODECHUGAO,ZAIDUIZHAIYAODECHUGAOJINXINGSHENHEXINGYUEDU。ZHEISHIDUIZHAIYAOCHUGAODEZHILIANGJIANCHA,YOULIYUDUIZHAOYUANWENZHAOCHUZHAIYAOZHONGGEZHONGCUOWU。KEYICONGXIAMIANSANGEFANGMIANJIANCHAZHAIYAODEZHILIANG:

                      (1)ZHAIYAODEJIEGOUSHIFOUWANZHENG,SHIFOUYOUZHENGTIXING。

                      (2)ZHAIYAONEIRONGSHIFOUWANZHENG、LIANGUANHEJIANMING。

                      (3)SHIFOUFUHEZHAIYAODEGEXIANGGUIDING,ZAIXINGSHISHANG,ZHANGDUSHANGSHIFOUFUHE,BINGDUIZHAIYAOJINXINGQUANMIANDEBIANJIJIAGONG。

                    星云棋牌官网下载   HAODEZHAIYAOKEYIRANGSHENGAORENYIMULERANDELEJIEWENZHANGDEDAKUANG,BUGUOZHEIDUIYINGYUSHUIPINGJIKEJILUNWENDEBIAODANENGLITICHULEJIAOGAODEYAOQIU,KEYITONGGUORUNSEJIEJUE,YEKEYIBUDUANTIGAOYINGYUDEXIEZUONENGLI。

                      二、期刊论文摘要的特点

                      ZHAIYAOZUOWEIZHENGPIANWENZHANGDEGUANJIANBUFEN,DADUOSHUQINGKUANGXIAZHIJIEJUEDINGLUNWENSHIFOUBEIYUEDU,ZAIZHEIZHONGQINGKUANGXIA,DUIZHAIYAOZHILIANGDEYAOQIUYEJIUKEXIANGERZHI。NEIME,YIPIANHAODEZHAIYAOXUYAOYOUSHENMETEDIANNI?

                      1.准确性

                    星云棋牌官网下载   ZHAIYAOYINGGAIYAOZHUNQUEFANYINGLUNWENNEIRONG,DUIYULUNWENMEIYOUDENEIRONGBUYAOCHUXIAN,ZHEISHIZUIJIBENDEYAOQIU。YIBANQINGKUANGXIA,KEYITONGGUOJIANGLUNWENCENGCIBIAOTIYUZHAIYAOJINXINGDUIBILAIHESHIZHAIYAODEZHUNQUEXING。

                      2.独立性

                    星云棋牌官网下载   ZHAIYAOZUOWEILUNWENDENONGSUO,YINGGAISHIDULICHENGPIAN。ZHAIYAODUITESHUDESHUYU、SUOYOUDESUOXIE(JILIANGDANWEICHUWAI)、SHENGLVEYUZUOCHUSHUOMING,PINXIECHUSHIYANHEYAOPINDEMINGCHENG(YAOPINCAIYONGTONGYONGMINGCHENG)。XINSHUYUHUOSHANGWUHESHIZHONGWENSHUYUDE,KEYONGYUANWENHUOYICHUHOUJIAKUOHAOZHUMINGYUANWEN。ZAIYINYONGQITACHUBANWUSHIYAOBAOKUOZUOZHEDEXINGMINGHECHUBANRIQI(ZAILUNWENDECANKAOWENXIANBIAOZHONGYAOCHONGFENSHUOMINGWENXIANZILIAODECHUCHU)。

                      3.简洁性

                      ZHAIYAODUIZISHUYOUMINGQUEYAOQIU,YIBANBUCHAOGUO300ZI,WEIZUIDAHUABIAOMINGLUNWENNEIRONG,ZHAIYAODEMEIYIGEJUZIDOUYAOZUIDAXIANDUDITIGONGXINXI。ZHAIYAOLIBUYAOBAOHANTAIDUOXINXI,YIBANYOU4GEHUO5GEZUIZHONGYAODEGUANDIAN、JIEGUOHUOHANYIJIKE。

                      三、期刊论文摘要的分类

                      1.描述型摘要

                    星云棋牌官网下载   MIAOSHUXINGZHAIYAOYIBANBIJIAOJIANDUAN(50~100ZI),DABUFENMIAOSHUXINGZHAIYAODOUYOUYIXIEGONGTONGDEZHONGYAOBUFENZUCHENG,RU,BEIJING(Background)、MUDE(Purpose)、WENZHANGDEZHUYAOWENTI(Particular interest/focus of paper)HENEIRONGGAIYAO(Overview of contents),BUCHANGBAOKUO)。YOUYUMIAOSHUXINGZHAIYAOBUBAOKUOXIANGXIDEJIEGUOXINXI,KENENGTONGGUOYIGECIZUBIAODAJIEGUOERMEIYOUSHUZHIHETONGJISHUJU,YINCIXUYAOHUODEQUANWENLEJIEJUTIXINXI,DUIYUDUZHELAISHUOJIUBUSHIHENBIANLI。MIAOSHUXINGZHAIYAOGAOSUNIWENZHANGZAIJIANGSHA,DANSHIYAOZHIDAODAODISHIZENYANGHAIXUYAOJINYIBUDEYUEDUWENZHANGXIJIE。

                      2.信息型摘要

                    星云棋牌官网下载   CONGXINXIXINGDEZHAIYAO(CHANG200ZIZUOYOU)ZHONG,NINENGGOUHUOQUWENZHANGDEJINGSUIBUFEN。DABUFENDEXINXIXINGZHAIYAOBAOKUOYIXIEGONGTONGDEGUANJIANBUFEN,MEIGEBUFENYUEYILIANGJU,RUBEIJING(Background)、YANJIUMUDE(Aim or purpose of research)、SHIYONGFANGFA(Method used)、JIEGUOFAXIAN(Findings/results)YIJIZONGJIE(Conclusion)。XINXIXINGZHAIYAOTIGONGYANJIUDEZHUNQUESHUJU,YOUQISHIJIEGUOBUFEN,XINXIXINGZHAIYAOXIANGDANGYUYIGEXIAODEKEXUELUNWEN,DUZHEKEYICONGZHONGHUOQUDABUFENYOUYONGDEXINXISHENZHIYINCIBUBIYUEDUQUANWEN。

                      CONSORTSHENGMINGJIANYI,LINCHUANGYANJIUXINXIXINGZHAIYAODEJIEGOUHESHUJUYINGGAIYOUYIDINGDEGESHI,YONG400ZI(BAOKUOBIAOTI)JIANDANJIESHAOFANGFA(ZUCHENG、GANYU、MUDE、JIEGUO、SUIJIFENZU、KONGBAIDUIZHAO)、JIEGUO(SUIJIFENZUDEYANGBENLIANG、YONGYUFENXIDEYANGBENLIANG、JIEGUO、ZHONGYAODEBULIYINSU)、JIELUN、SHIYANZHUCEMINGCHENGHEZIJINLAIYUAN。

                      3.结构化摘要

                      JIEGOUHUAZHAIYAOBAOKUOSIGEBUFEN,MUDE(Introduction),FANGFA(Materials and Methods),JIEGUO(Results)HEJIELUN(Conclusion),ZHONGYINGWENJIEGOUHUAZHAIYAOJIBENXIANGTONG,WENCILIQIUJIANMINGYOUSHIZHINEIRONG。CONSORTSHENGMINGJIANYILINCHUANGSHIYANBAOGAOZHAIYAOXUYAOYOUYIGEJIEGOUHUADEGESHI,TONGSHIZHAIYAOJIEGOUHUASHIDESHUJUXINXIHUAGENGQINGXI、MINGLE。

                      4.半结构化摘要

                    星云棋牌官网下载   BANJIEGOUHUADEZHAIYAOJINYOUYIGEDUANPING,MEIJUDUIYINGWENZHONGDEYIBUFEN,FEIJIEGOUHUAZHAIYAOKENENGBINGBUTIJIWENZHONGDEMEIGEBUFEN,YEKENENGYIGEDOUBUSHEJI。

                      四、书写期刊论文摘要时容易犯的错

                    星云棋牌官网下载   WENZHANGDEZHAIYAOBANGZHUDUZHEJIANGZHENGPIANWENZHANGMEIGEBUFENCHUANQILAI,YINCIXUYAOBIMIANGUODUODEXIJIEMIAOSHUHUOZHEJIESHAOGUOYULONGTONGERXIANDENEIRONGMOHUBUQING。XIEZHAIYAOYINGGAISHIDANGDESHAIXUANCIJUSHIWENZHANGYIZHI、QINGXI、NEIRONGZHUNQUE。YIGECHANGJIANDECUOWU—SUOXIEDESHIYONG,BAOKUOGUODUSHIYONGSUOXIEHUOZHECUOWUSHIYONGSUOXIEDENG。RU:SHOUCISHIYONGSUOXIEMEIYOUXIEQUANCHENG、SUIYIZHIZAOSUOXIECI、SHOUZISHIYONGSUOXIE(YI“I”DAITI“iodien”FANGJUSHOU)ZHAIYAODEZHANGDUYAOQIUCHANGCHANGYAOKANNISUOTOUQIKANDEYAOQIU,ERZHAIYAOTAIZHANGSHIZUICHANGJIANDECUOWU。ZHAIYAOYINGGAIBAOCHIYIZHIHELIANGUAN,QIZHONGSUOSHEJIDEJIELUNBIXUYAOYOUJIEGUOZHICHENG,NEIRONGYEBIXUYUYANJIUMUDEXIANGHUYING。ZHAIYAOZHONGQITACHANGJIANCUOWUYOU:MUDE(objectives)BUMINGQUE、SHUZHIHESHUJUTONGJIJIEGUOGUODUOYIJIZONGJIEKONGFAMEIYOUJIYUJIEGUO。

                      ZAIXIEZUOQIKANZHAIYAODEGUOCHENGZHONG,WOMENXUYAOZHUYI:

                      (1)摘要中应排除本学科领域已成为常识的内容;切忌把应在引言中出现的内容写入摘要;一般也不要对论文内容作诠释和评论(尤其是自我评价)。

                      (2)不得简单重复题名中已有的信息。比如一篇文章的题名是《几种中国兰种子试管培养根状茎发生的研究》,摘要的开头就不要再写:“为了……,对几种中国兰种子试管培养根状茎的发生进行了研究”。

                      (3)结构严谨,表达简明,语义确切。摘要先写什么,后写什么,要按逻辑顺序来安排。句子之间要上下连贯,互相呼应。摘要慎用长句,句型应力求简单。每句话要表意明白,无空泛、笼统、含混之词,但摘要毕竟是一篇完整的短文,电报式的写法亦不足取。摘要不分段。

                      (4)用第三人称。建议采用“对……进行了研究”、“报告了……现状”、“进行了……调查”等记述方法标明一次文献的性质和文献主题,不必使用“本文”、“作者”等作为主语。

                      (5)要使用规范化的名词术语,不用非公知公用的符号和术语。新术语或尚无合适汉文术语的,可用原文或译出后加括号注明原文。

                      (6)除了实在无法变通以外,一般不用数学公式和化学结构式,不出现插图、表格。

                      (7)不用引文,除非该文献证实或否定了他人已出版的著作。

                      (8)缩略语、略称、代号,除了相邻专业的读者也能清楚理解的以外,在首次出现时必须加以说明。科技论文写作时应注意的其他事项,如采用法定计量单位、正确使用语言文字和标点符号等,也同样适用于摘要的编写。目前摘要编写中的主要问题有:要素不全,或缺目的,或缺方法;出现引文,无独立性与自明性,繁简失当。

                      YISHANGJIUSHIGUANYUQIKANLUNWENZHAIYAOZENMEXIEDEFENXIANG,XIWANGDUINIYOUSUOBANGZHU。

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