星云棋牌官网下载

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                                学术堂专业论文学习平台您当前的位置:学术堂 > 法学论文 > 法律论文 > 知识产权法论文

                                传统音乐艺术知识产权保护问题与对策

                                时间:2018-10-17 来源:法制与社会 作者:甘明 本文字数:5217字

                                  摘    要: 现阶段音乐类传统艺术成果(作品)已经纳入《中华人民共和国着作权法》《民间文学艺术作品着作权保护条例》和《中国人民共和国非物质文化遗产法》的保护范围。本文分析音乐类传统艺术知识产权保护的现状,认为《着作权法》保护应该完善署名权、改编权的规定;《民间文学艺术作品着作权保护条例》应该增加“专用权”,强化权利人民事主体地位和增加“惠益分享”原则等。提出传统艺术作品应该探索综合性立法保护模式和完善特别法立法保护模式。

                                  关键词:星云棋牌官网下载 传统艺术; 民间文学艺术; 音乐作品; 知识产权; 保护;

                                  CONG《BOERNIGONGYUE》DE“WEICHUBANZUOPIN”KAISHI,DAO“MINJIANWENXUEYISHUZUOPIN”HUO“MINJIANWENXUEYISHUBIAODAXINGSHI”HE“CHUANTONGWENHUABIAODAXINGSHI”。“ZUOPINSILU”DESICHAOYINGXIANGJIAODA,BIRUTUNISI(1967)、BOLIWEIYA(1968)、ZHILI(1970)、SAINEIJIAER(1973)、KENNIYA(1975)、MALI(1977)、KETEDIWA(1978)、JINEIYA(1980)、ANGELA(1990)、DUOGE(1991)、BANAMA(1994)DENG1。WOGUOXUESHUJIEYESHENSHOUQIYINGXIANG,ZHUZHANGJIANG“MINJIANWENXUEYISHUZUOPIN”HUO“MINJIANWENXUEYISHUBIAODAXINGSHI”HUO“CHUANTONGWENHUABIAODAXINGSHI”NARUZHEZUOQUANBAOHUXILIE。2002NIANWENHUABU、BANQUANJULIANHECHUTAILE《MINJIANWENXUEYISHUZUOPINZHEZUOQUANBAOHUTIAOLI(CAOAN)》,2004NIAN11YUEDE《ZHONGGUOMINZUMINJIANCHUANTONGWENHUABAOHUFA》,2011NIAN6YUEDE《ZHONGGUORENGONGHEGUOFEIWUZHIWENHUAYICHANBAOHUFA》,2014NIAN9YUE2RIGUOJIABANQUANJUFABULEGONGKAIZHENGQIUYIJIANDE《MINJIANWENXUEYISHUZUOPINZHEZUOQUANBAOHUTIAOLI(ZHENGQIUYIJIANGAO)》(YIXIAJIANCHENG《TIAOLI(ZHENGQIUYIJIANGAO))DETONGZHI,JIUSHIZUIHAODESHUOMING。“MINJIANWENXUEYISHUBIAODAXINGSHI”JIANGYINLELEICHUANTONGYISHUDEBIAODAXINGSHIFENWEIMINGE、QILE。YIYINLEBIAOXIANXINGSHIDEGEQU、LEQUHEQILEDECHUANGZUOZUOPINDEZHEZUOQUANJIXIANGGUANLINJIEQUANYINGGAISHOUDAOBAOHU。

                                  一、音乐类传统艺术知识产权立法保护现状

                                  (一)传统知识产权保护——着作权的保护

                                  YINLELEICHUANTONGYISHUZUOPIN,SHUYUZHISHICHANQUANKETI,SHILAODONGZHILICHENGGUO,YINGDANGNARUZHEZUOQUANDEBAOHU。ERMINJIANWENXUEYISHUZUOPINZETIXIANLE“ZUOPINXINGSHIDEDUOYANGXING、LAIYUANDEQUEDINGXING、ZHUTIDEQUNTIXING、CHUANGZUODEDONGTAIXING、BIAODADECHAYIXINGHEBAOHUDEWUQIXIANXINGDENGTEDIAN,YINCIBUNENGZHIJIESHIYONG《ZHEZUOQUANFA》”2。YINCI“JIJIANCHIZUNXUNZHEZUOQUANFALVZHIDUDEJIBENYUANLI,YOUJIANCHILIZUYUMINJIANWENXUEYISHUZUOPINDETESHUXING,LIANGZHEJIANGU,SHISHIQIUSHIDISHEJIJUTIZHIDUHETIAOWEN。”2XUNQIUZHEZUOQUANYIWAIDETEBIEFABAOHUXINGCHENGLEGONGSHI。

                                  (二)特别法的保护——《条例(征求意见稿)》

                                星云棋牌官网下载   GENJUDUI“MINJIANWENXUEYISHUZUOPIN”DEDINGYI,JIDI2TIAODI2KUANGUIDING“MINJIANWENXUEYISHUZUOPINBAOKUODANBUXIANYUYIXIAZUOPIN:MINJIANGEQU、QILEDENGYIYINLEXINGSHIBIAODADEZUOPIN。”3SUIRANCONGQUANLIGUISHU、QUANLINEIRONG、LIYIFENPEI、BAOHUQIXIAN、HELILIYONG、ZERENRENDING、DOUDIHEXIANJIETIAOKUANDENGGONG20TIAOLAIBAOHU,DANCONGSIFASHIJIANLAIKANRENGRANCUNZAIFALVSHIYONGDEZHENKONGDIDAI。HUANGYUYEJIAOSHOURENWEIMINJIANWENXUEYISHUZUOPINSHIYIZHONGSHUYUTEDINGMINZU、ZUQUNHUOSHEQUNDEZHILILAODONGCAICHAN,LIFAZHUYAOSHIJIEJUECHANQUANQUEREN、LIYIGUISHU、QUANLIRENLIYIBAOHUDENGFANGMIANDEWENTI。YINCIFUYUTEDINGMINZU、ZUQUNHUOSHEQUNMINJIANWENXUEYISHUZUOPINQUANLIZHUTIDIWEI,GENGYOULIYUBAOHUHEFAZHANMINJIANWENXUEYISHUZUOPIN。

                                  (三)单行法规的保护——非物质文化法保护

                                  联合国教科文组织对具有历史、艺术、科学等价值的无形文化遗产称为“Traditional and Folk Culture”“Intangible Heritage”或“Oral and Intangible Heritage”,在我国分别译为“传统与民间文化”“非物质文化遗产”和“口头及非物质文化遗产”4。2011年6月1日施行的《中华人民共和国非物质文化遗产法》在第2条规定“非物质文化遗产是指各族人民世代相传并视为其文化遗产组成部分的各种传统文化表现形式,以及与传统文化表现形式相关的实物和场所。包括传统音乐、舞蹈、戏剧、曲艺和杂技。”5
                                 

                                传统音乐艺术知识产权保护问题与对策
                                 

                                  二、音乐类传统艺术知识产权保护存在的问题

                                  (一)音乐类传统艺术署名乱象

                                星云棋牌官网下载   SHUMINGQUANSHICHUANTONGYISHUDEYIXIANGZHONGYAODEZHISHICHANQUAN,YESHIPANDUANQUANLIZHUTISHIFOUXIANGYOUZHISHICHANQUANBAOHUDEZHONGYAOZHIBIAOZHIYI。GENJULUOKEDE“LAODONGCAICHAN”LILUN,DAIBIAOXINGCHUANCHENGRENGETIHUOQUNTICHUANGZUOLAODONGERCHANSHENGDEYISHUZUOPINXIANGYOUSHUMINGQUAN,DANZAIXIANSHIDANGZHONG,YOUYUDAIBIAOXINGCHUANCHENGRENZHUTI(CHUANCHENGGETIHUOCHUANCHENGQUNTI)DEBUQUEDINGXINGJIMINGMINGDAILAIHUNLUAN。LIRULIUCHUANZAIGUIZHOUQIANDONGNANMIAOZUDONGZUZIZHIZHOULIPING、RONGJIANGHECONGJIANGSANXIANJIAOJIEDEDONGZUJUJUQUYU(DANGDIRENCHENGWEI“LIUDONG”“JIUDONG”DIQU)DEDONGZUDAGE,ZAISHENBAORENLEIFEIWUZHIWENHUAYICHANSHI,LIPINGSANLONGDONGZHAIZICHENGYOUDONGZUDAGEDE“GEWO”,ERCONGJIANGXIAOHUANGDONGZHAIYEZICHENGYOUDONGZUDAGEDE“GEHE”,YUSHIHUSANLONGDONGZHAIYUXIAOHUANGDONGZHAIJIUDAODISHEICAISHIDONGZUDAGEZHENZHENGDEFAYUANDIERZHENGLUNDAOJINTIAN。LINGWAIHAIYOUGAIBIANYINLEZUOPINERCHUANGZUODEXINZUOPINRUHEMINGMINGDEWENTI。

                                  (二)民间曾经流行的传唱形式或器乐表演后继无人

                                星云棋牌官网下载   MINJIANWENXUEYISHUBIAODAXINGSHIDECHUANCHENGREN,YIFANGMIANCHUANCHENGYOUXIUMINZUWENHUAYICHAN,LINGYIFANGMIANYESHIMINJIANWENXUEYISHUBIAODAXINGSHIDECHUANGZAOZHE、BIAOYANZHEHECHUANBOZHE。XUDUOMINJIANWENXUEYISHUBIAODAXINGSHIRUKUNQU、JINGJU、DONGXI、MINJIANGEYAO、CHUANCHANGDENGDOUSHITONGGUOTAMENDEYIZHANGZHANGLINGQIAODEZUICHUANCHENGXIALAIDE。MINJIANCHUANTONGYIRENDUIBENMINZUBIAOYANYISHUDECHUANCHENG,JINGUANBIAOYANXINGSHIBUTONG,DANDOUSHITONGGUOKOUTOUHUORENTIDEZHITIYUYANLAIBIAODAMINJIANDESHENMEIQINGQU。ZHEIYANGDECHUANCHENGZHUYAOSHITONGGUOYUJIAOYULEDEMINJIANJIAOYUFANGSHI,SHISHOUZHONGZAISHENMEIYUYUEDETONGSHIYEJIANGGONGPING、ZHENGYI、TUANJIE、HUZHU、YONGGAN、BAORONGDENGYOUXIUPINZHICHUANDIJIMEIGEREN。

                                星云棋牌官网下载   BIZHETONGGUOTIANYEDIAOCHAFAXIANMINJIANWENXUEYISHUBIAODAXINGSHI,NEIXIECENGJINGSHENGXINGZAIGUIZHOUQIANDONGNANMIAOZUCUNZHAIDESHUOCHANGBIAOYANHEMINJIANLEQI,YINWEIHOUJIWURENYIJIBENSHICHUAN。LIRUFAYUANYUJIANHEXIANJIUYANGXIANGDEMIAOZUQUYI——GABAIFU;CENGJINGLIUCHUANYUKAILIKAITANG、LEISHAN、TAIJIANG、SHIBINGDENGDIQU,FANYINGGAIQUYUMIAOZUSHISUSHENGHUOWEIZHU,YITICHANGHUNYINZIYOU,FANDUIFENGJIANLIJIAO,YISHUOBAIHEYANCHANGXIANGJIEHEDEXINGSHIBIAOXIAN,XIANYISHICHUAN。LINGWAICENGJINGLIUXINGYUTAIJIANGTAIGONGZHEN、SHIDONGZHEN、NANGONGXIANG、PAIYANGXIANGDENGDIDEMIAOZUGULAODELEQI“JIAYUANQIN”XIANZAIYEJINCUNYOU3BA,FENBIEZANGYUTAIGONGZHEN1BA;SHIDONGZHEN2BA,DANMUQIANYIJINGMEIYOURENHUIYANZOUYIJIBENSHICHUANLE。

                                  (三)《民间文学艺术作品着作权保护条例(征求意见稿)》还存在一些值得商榷的地方

                                  LIRUMEIYOUGUIDING“MINJIANWENYIZUOPINXIANGYOUBIAOMINGQICHUANGZUOLAIYUANDEQUANLI”DETIAOKUAN,DAOZHIGUIZHOUANSHUNWENGUANGJUZHUANGGAOZHEMINGDAOYANZHANGYIMOUDEDIANYING《QIANLIZOUDANQI》,JIEYONGLE“ANSHUNDIXIDEBIAOYANXINGSHI,QUEMEIYOUBIAOMINGXIJUZHONGLEIHELAIYUAN”YIANBAISU。CONGERYINFALEXUEZHEDEZHENGLUN。

                                星云棋牌官网下载   《TIAOLI(ZHENGQIUYIJIANGAO)》SUIRANDIBATIAOSHOUQUANJIZHIGUIDING:SHIYONGMINJIANWENXUEYISHUZUOPIN,YINGGAIQUDEZHEZUOQUANRENDEXUKEBINGZHIFUHELIDEBAOCHOU,HUOZHEXIANGGUOWUYUANXINGZHENGGUANLIBUMENZHIDINGDEZHUANMENJIGOUQUDEXUKEBINGZHIFUHELIDEBAOCHOU。DANJUBUWANQUANTONGJIBIAOMING,SUIZHEJINGJISHEHUIDEFAZHAN,YOUGUANMINJIANWENXUEYISHUZUOPINJIUFENERDAOZHIMINSHISUSONGANJIANCHENGSHANGSHENGQUSHI。YINCI,JIAQIANGMINJIANWENXUEYISHUZUOPINDEZHISHICHANQUANLIFAGONGZUO,BUJINSHIWANSHANWOGUOZHISHICHANQUANBAOHUTIXI,JIJICANYUGUOJIBIAOZHUNHEGUIZEZHIDING,ZHENGDUOGUOJIHUAYUQUANDEYAOQIU,YESHIWENHUAZIXINDEYAOQIU。

                                  (四)知识产权的保护对象必须是原创性

                                星云棋牌官网下载   CHUANTONGYISHU(CHUANTONGGONGYI、MINJIANGUSHICHUANSHUO、TUZHELIYIJIDIFANGBIAOYANYISHUDENG)SHIDAICHUANCHENG(BUFUHEYUANCHUANGXINGYAOQIU)、YIFUBUZUHUOZUQUN(BUJUYOUGERENZHUTITEZHENG),KEJIANWIPOQUESHICUNZAILIFAQUEXIAN,DANYELIUYOUYIDINGDEZHIDUKONGJIAN。JIYIXIECHUANTONGYISHUFUHEZHILICHUANGXINTIAOJIAN,RENGKEYISHOUDAOZHISHICHANQUANBAOHU。

                                星云棋牌官网下载   LING《ZHONGHUARENMINGONGHEGUOFEIWUZHIWENHUAYICHANFA》LONGTONGGUIDINGLECHUANCHENGRENDEZHISHICHANQUAN;ZHENGZAIZHENGQIUYIJIANDE《TIAOLI(ZHENGQIUYIJIANGAO)》,SUIRANCONGQUANLIGUISHU、NEIRONG、BAOHUQIXIAN、XIANZHIHEHELISHIYONGDENGFANGMIANGUIFAN,DANZAISHIJIANZHONGRENGRANYUDAOLEPINGJING,BIRUYINLELEICHUANTONGYISHU(FUJIANZHANGZHOUBUDAIMUOUXI、CHUANXI“BIANLIAN”、DONGXIDENG)ZHIKAOLVZHEZUOQUAN,HULVELEZHUANLIWAIGUANSHEJIHEDILIBIAOZHIDEQUANLI。YINCICHUANTONGYISHUYINGGAITONGGUOXIANXINGDEZHEZUOQUAN、ZHUANLIQUAN、SHANGBIAOQUAN、DILIBIAOZHIHESHANGYEMIMILAIDADAOZONGHEBAOHUHESHEJITEBIEQUANBAOHU。

                                  三、音乐类传统艺术知识产权立法保护路径

                                星云棋牌官网下载   MUQIANDUIYINLELEICHUANTONGYISHUZHISHICHANQUANLIFABAOHU,KEYICONG《ZHEZUOQUANFA》ZHESHOUBAOHU;KAOLVDAOQIJUYOUMINJIANWENXUEYISHUZUOPINDETEXING,KEYISHIYONG《MINJIANWENXUEYISHUZUOPINZHEZUOQUANBAOHUTIAOLI》;YINLELEICHUANTONGYISHUBUFENCHENGGUOYUFEIWUZHIWENHUAYICHANYOULIANGZHEDEQIHE,YINCI《ZHONGHUARENMINGONGHEGUOFEIWUZHIWENHUAYICHANFA》YEKEYISHIYONG。CHUCIYIWAI,CAIQUZONGHEBAOHUHUOTESHUQUANBAOHUYESHIXUANXIANG。

                                  (一)署名权

                                星云棋牌官网下载   SHUMINGQUANSHISHEJITEDINGMINZU、ZUQUNHUOSHEQUNDEZHENGTILIYI,TONGSHISHIGUOJIAZHUQUANZAIMINZULIYISHANGDETIXIAN,YESHIGUOJIAZHUQUANDEYOUXIAOYANSHEN。QISHITONGGUOTIANYEDIAOCHADEZHI,ZHENZHENGLIUCHUANDONGZUDAGEDEQUYUSHIYILIPINGZHANGLUDIQUDEBIAOZHUNYINWEIZHUNDEDONGZUNANBUFANGYANQU,BAOKUOGUIZHOUQIANDONGNANLIPING、RONGJIANG、CONGJIANGYIJIGUANGXISANJIANGPILINDEGUANGDADIQU,GAIDIQULIUXINGZUIDINGSHENGSHIQI,DAYUEYOU60WANRENCHANGDONGZUDAGE。LINGWAIDONGZUBEIBUFANGYANQUSUIRANBULIUXINGDONGZUDAGE,DANDOUTONGSHUDONGZUDAJIATING,YINCIWULUNNANDONGFANGYANQUHAISHIBEIDONGFANGYANQUDOUXIANGYOUSHUMINGQUAN,YOUCIKEJIAN,DUIWAICHONGFENTIXIANLEDUIZHENGGEDONGMINZUQUANYIDEWEIHU。

                                星云棋牌官网下载   DUINEIZHENDUINANBUFANGYANQUZEKEYIGENJU3ZHONGBUTONGQINGKUANGERQUEDINGSHUMINGQUAN:DIYI,YOUYULIUXINGDIMINGDEBUTONGHUOLIUXINGDEQUDIAO、QUMUBUTONG,KEYIYIDANGDIDEDIMINGLAISHUMING。BIRULIPINGSANLONGDONGZUDAGE、LIPINGZHAOXINGDONGZUDAGE、LIPINGSHANGZHONGPIPAGE、RONGJIANGCHEJIANGDONGZUDAGE、CONGJIANGXIAOHUANGDONGZUDAGEDENG。DIER,YIDONGZUDAGEYUANCHUANGRENHUOSHOUCHANGRENSHUMING。XIANGCHUANZAILISHISHANG,QINGCHAOSHIQICENGYOUSANWEIZHEMINGDEGESHI,HOURENCHENGGAWANMA、GADAYONG、GAJINSUI,FANYICHENGHANYUJIUSHIWUWANMADEDONGZUDAGE、LUDAYONGDEDONGZUDAGE、WUJINSUIDEDONGZUDAGE。WUWANMASHENGYUQIANLONGSISHISANNIAN“SHIDONG”,ZAIGONGRENSHIDAIBIAOZUOYOU《TIANXIARENJIANJINWAILI》《TIANXIAHUAIRENTAICHANGKUANG》。LUDAYONGSHENGYUJIAQINGSHIWUNIAN“LIUDONG”,ZHAOXINGRENSHIYOU“GESHENG”DEMEIYU,CHUANGZUOYOUQUANSHIGE、XIAOJINGGE、LIYIGE、QINGGEDENGDENG。“JIUDONG”DEWUJINSUIQINGCHAOMONIAN(JUTISHENGZUNIANYUEBUXIANG,CHUANSHUOZAIDAOGUANGZHIGUANGXUNIANJIAN)CHAOLIDONGRENSHI,DAIBIAOZUOYOU《XIANGSIGE》《YINYANGGE》《QINGRENGE》DENG。JUBUWANQUANTONGJI,XIANZAILIUXINGZAINANDONGDIQUDEDAGEYOUJIN80%DEGEHUOQUDIAOSHISHANGSHUSANWEIDASHICHUANGZUOHUOSHOUCHANGDE。DISAN,YIDAGEJUTIYANCHANGBIAOXIANDENEIRONGLAISHUMING。BIRU《QINGWAGE》《XIAOMIGE》《YIDOUHAOBAICAI》《TANWAIPO》DENG。

                                  (二)改编权

                                星云棋牌官网下载   GENJU《ZHEZUOQUANFASHISHITIAOLIXIZE》DI4TIAODI3KUANGUIDING:“YINLEZUOPINSHIZHIGEQU、JIAOXIANGLEDENGNENGGOUYANCHANGHUOZHEYANZOUDEDAICIHUOZHEBUDAICIDEZUOPIN。”6TONGCHANGYINLEZUOPINJIBENSHANGTONGGUOXUANLVHEJIEZOULAIBIAOXIAN;YINLEZUOPINKEYILEPUXINGSHICHUXIAN,YEKEYIBUYILEPUXINGSHICHUXIAN。7LING《ZHEZUOQUANFASHISHITIAOLIXIZE》DI5TIAODI8KUANGUIDING:GAIBIAN,ZHIZAIYUANYOUZUOPINDEJICHUSHANG,TONGGUOGAIBIANZUOPINDEBIAOXIANXINGSHIHUOZHEYONGTU,CHUANGZUOCHUJUYOUDUCHUANGXINGDEXINZUOPIN。6ZHEILEIGAIBIANZUOPINYIBANKEYIFENYIXIAQINGXINGCHULI。YISHIZAIQIANRENZUOPINDEJICHUZHISHANG,JIEYONGQIANRENZUOPINDEQUDIAO,ZHISHIFUYUSHIDAIDEQIXI,TIANSHANGXINCIDEZUOPIN,YINGGAIBIAOZHU“XUANZI×××ZUOPIN《×××》,YOU×××CHUANGZUO,GAIBIANREN×××TIANCI。”JUTIANYEDIAOCHA,MUQIANDANGDAIRENYANYIDEZUOPINJIHUJIN80%DEZUOPINSHILIYONGQIANRENDEZUOPINTIANXINCIDE。ERSHICHUANGZUORENCANZHAOQIANRENQUMU,YUNYONGLEQIANRENZUOPINZHONGDEYINLEYUANSUERCHUANGZUODEZUOPIN,ZAIXINZUOPINSHANGYINGGAIBIAOZHU“XUANZI×××ZUOPIN《×××》YOUGAIBIANREN×××GAIBIANHUOZHENGLI”。YOUCIKEJIAN,GAIBIANZUOPINQIANTISHIBUDEQINFANYUANZUOPINDEZHEZUOQUAN,BUGUOGAIBIANRENDUIGAIBIANDEXINZUOPINXIANGYOUZHEZUOQUANQUANYI。

                                  (三)演绎权和传播权及相关的邻接权

                                星云棋牌官网下载   ZUOWEIYINLELEICHUANTONGYISHUDEBIAOYAN,SHICHUANCHENGFAZHANDEZUIZHUYAODEBIAOXIANXINGSHI。HUANJUHUASHUO,YINLELEICHUANTONGYISHUDECHUANCHENGREN(BAOKUOCHUANCHENGRENGETIHUOCHUANCHENGRENQUNTI)QUANLIZHUTI,YIJINGQUEREN,JIUYONGYOULEHEFADEYANYIQUANHECHUANBOQUAN,YEJIUYOULEQUANLIZHUTIWEICHUANBOZUOPINERCHUANGZUODECHUANGZAOXINGLAODONGCHENGGUOYIFASUOXIANGYOUDEZHUANYOUQUANLI。JUTISHUOJIUSHICHUANCHENGRENQUANLIZHUTIDUIYANYIDEYISHUCHENGGUOXIANGYOUFUZHI、LUYIN、LUXIANGQUANLI;YANYIZHEHAIYOUHUOQUBAOCHOUDEQUANLI,QIANTISHIWEIJINGYANYIZHETONGYIXIANCHANGZHIBO、LUYIN、LUXIANGHEFAXINGYINXIANGZHIPINDENGXINGWEIHUOQULIYIDE。

                                  LINGWAI,JIANYIZAI《TIAOLI(ZHENGQIUYIJIANGAO)》ZHONG,DI5TIAOQUANLIGUISHUTIAOKUANZENGJIA“MINJIANWENYIZUOPINXIANGYOUBIAOMINGQICHUANGZUOLAIYUANDEQUANLI”HUOZHIJIE“SHOUYUZHUANYONGQUANBAOKUORENGEQUANHECAICHANQUAN”DEGUIDING,DUJUELEISIGUIZHOUANSHUNWENGUANGJUBAISUDEQINGXINGFASHENG,YIJINYIBUDEWANSHANMINJIANWENXUEYISHUZUOPINQUANLIGUISHU;JIANYIXIUGAIDIBATIAOSHOUQUANJIZHITIAOKUAN,MINGQUEMINJIANWENXUEYISHUZUOPINQUANLIZHUTIXIANGYOUMINSHIQUANLI,YITUXIANMINJIANWENXUEYISHUZUOPINGENGXUYAOJIAQIANGSIFABAOHU;JIANYIXIUGAIDISHIYITIAOLIYIFENPEITIAOKUAN,ZENGJIA“HUIYIFENXIANG”YUANZE,BIZHERENWEIZHONGNANCAIJINGZHENGFADAXUEZHISHICHANQUANYANJIUZHONGXINHUANGYUYEJIAOSHOUDEGUANDIANSHIZHIDEJIEJIANDE,HUANGYUYEJIAOSHOURENWEI“DUIMINJIANWENXUEYISHUZUOPINDESHIYONGBUXUYAOSHIXIANQUDEXUKEHUOZHIFUSHIYONGFEI,DANZAISHIHOUHUODEJINGJILIYISHIYINGDANGYUQUANLIRENFENXIANG”。8

                                  CIWAI,JIEJIANWOGUOTAIWANDIQU“YUANZHUMINJIBENFA”“YUANZHUMINZUCHUANTONGZHIHUICHUANGZUOBAOHUTIAOLI”DELIFAJINGYAN,DUICHUANTONGWENHUAHUOCHUANTONGYISHUZHONGSHEJIJINGJILEIDECHUANTONGZHISHISHOUYUZHUANLIQUAN、CHUANTONGMINGHAOSHOUYUSHANGBIAOQUANHEDILIBIAOZHIQUAN。

                                  四、结语

                                星云棋牌官网下载   YINLELEICHUANTONGYISHUZUOPINDEZHISHICHANQUANBAOHU,ZAICHUANTONGZHISHICHANQUANKUANGJIAXIASHIYONG《ZHEZUOQUANFA》DEXIANGGUANGUIDING。DANZAIWIPOTIXIXIA,CHUANTONGYISHUZUOPINDESHIDAICHUANCHENG,YIFUZUQUN、BUZUHUOSHEQUN,BAOHUDEWUQIXIANDENGTEZHENG,SHIQIBUNENGJIANDANDESHIYONGZHEZUOQUANBAOHU,YUSHIZAIWIPODECHANGDAOXIA,FAZHANZHONGGUOJIA(FEIZHOUGUOJIA)JIANGCHUANTONGYISHUZUOPINNARUTEBIEFABAOHUTIXIJI《MINJIANWENXUEYISHUZUOPINZHEZUOQUANBAOHUTIAOLI》。JIBIANRUCI,CHUANTONGYISHUZHISHICHANQUANBAOHURENGRANSHIWIPOHEGEGUOLIFADENANDIAN。SUOYITANXUNCHUANTONGYISHUZUOPINBAOHULIFAZHILURENZHONGERDAOYUAN。

                                  注释

                                  1邓社民.民间文学艺术法律保护基本问题研究[M].北京:中国社会科学出版社2015:165-166.
                                  2(3)力求民间文艺作品得到更好的保护——《民间文学艺术作品着作权保护条例》向公众公开征求意见[EB/OL].http://ishare.iask.sina.com.cn/f/335X6jOiU6f.html.2018-06-24,13 42.
                                  3民间文学艺术作品着作权保护条例(征求意见稿)[EB/OL]http://www.doc88.com/p-95 html 2018-07-03,16:45.
                                  4王晔.没有保护,民间文化就会没落[EB/OL]http://www.ynce.gov.cn/content.asp?ARTID=5264&COLID=179 2003-09-30,10:28.
                                  5中华人民共和国非物质文化遗产法[EB/OL].http://www.gov.cn/flfg/2011-02/25/content_1857449 htm 2018-06-28,9:15.
                                  6(9)着作权法实施条例细则[EB/OL].http://www.doc88.com/p-983340235372.html2018-07-03,22:38.
                                  7李雨峰,王迁刘有东着作权法[M]厦门厦门大学出版社2009:45.
                                  8力求民间文艺作品得到更好的保护——《民间文学艺术作品着作权保护条例》向公众公开征求意见[EB/OL]htmlhttp://ishare.iask.sina.com.cn/f/335X6jOiU6f.html.2018-06-24.23:11.

                                  甘明.论音乐类传统艺术知识产权保护[J].法制与社会,2019(26):222-224.
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