星云棋牌官网下载

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                              学术堂专业论文学习平台您当前的位置:学术堂 > 医学论文 > 中医学论文 > 中医食疗学论文

                              少数民族医学中驼乳的食疗保健应用

                              时间:2018-12-30 来源:新疆畜牧业 作者:王文秀,陆东林,李新玲 本文字数:3695字

                              中医食疗与保健论文第八篇:少数民族医学中驼乳的食疗保健应用

                                摘要:星云棋牌官网下载驼乳营养丰富并含有多种生物活性因子和药用成分, 具有一定的食疗保健和辅助治疗作用。本文概述了我国少数民族医学对驼乳食疗作用的认知和应用, 简要介绍了现代科学在驼乳调节免疫、抗菌抑菌以及辅助治疗消化道疾病、糖尿病、肾病、肿瘤等方面所进行的实验研究。

                                关键词:驼乳; 食疗保健; 实验研究; 辅助治疗;

                                TUORUFUHANRENTIBIXUDEGEZHONGYINGYANGYAOSUHEHUOXINGGONGNENGXINGCHENGFEN, ZIGUYILAIJIUSHIGANHANHUANGMODIQUJUMINDECHUANTONGYINSHIJIAPIN, YOU“SHAMOBAIJIN”DEMEIYU。XUDUOSIYANGLUOTUODEGUOJIADEJUMINDOURENWEI, TUORUJUYOUYIDINGDESHILIAOZUOYONGHEYIYONGJIAZHI。ZAIAIJI、SUDAN、KENNIYA、SUOMALI、AISAIEBIYADENGFEIZHOUGUOJIAYIJIYINDU、MENGGU、HASAKESITANHEZHONGGUOXIBEIDIQU, MUMINMENPUBIANRENWEIYINYONGTUORUHUOSUANTUORUHUISHIRENBIANDEQIANGZHUANG、MINJIE、YANGGANG, BINGYONGTUORUZHILIAOCHANGWEIYAN、WEIKUIYANG、HUANGDAN、XIAOCHUAN、FEIYAN、FEIJIEHE、GOULOUBING、TANGNIAOBING、SHUIZHONG、SHENBING、GANYINGHUA、PINXUEDENGJIBING[1,2]。XIANDAIKEXUERENWEI, TUORUYINGYANGFENGFU, BINGHANYOUDUOZHONGSHENGWUHUOXINGYINZIHEYAOYONGCHENGFEN, JUYOUYIDINGDESHILIAOBAOJIANGONGXIAO, BINGDUIMOUXIEJIBINGJUYOUFUZHUZHILIAOZUOYONG。

                                1 我国少数民族医学对驼乳保健作用的认知和应用

                              星云棋牌官网下载   SHENGHUOZAIWOGUOXIBEIDIQUDESHAOSHUMINZUSHISHUANGFENGTUODEXUNHUAZHEHEPEIYUZHE。TAMENZAIZHANGQIDESHENGHUO、SHENGCHANHEYILIAOSHIJIANZHONG, DUITUORUDEYINGYANGJIAZHIHESHILIAOBAOJIANZUOYONGZAOYIYOUSUORENZHIBINGJILEILEFENGFUDEJINGYAN。ZAIMENGGUZU、HASAKEZUHEWEIWUERZUCHUANTONGYIXUEZHONGJUNYOUYONGTUORUHEFAJIAOTUORUZHILIAOCHANGWEIYAN、TANGNIAOBING、FEIJIEHE、GANBINGDENGANLI。ZAIMENGGUZU《HUANGJINSHIGANG》、《CHENGJISIHANCHUAN》DENGLISHIWENXIANZHONG, JIUYOUYONGTUORUZHILIAO“XIANGZHENG” (JI“PIZHENG”, ZHIFUNEIKEMODEDAODEYINGKUAI、ZHONGKUAI) DEJIZAI。JUCHENG, NIANYOUDEBAKETUKEHANYINFUMULIQUSUIDEXIANGZHENG, TEMUERHADAKEZHIQISAIHAIYONGBAISELUOTUORUWEIZHI, DEYIQUANYU。YUANDAIMENGGUZUYINGYANGXUEJIAHUSIHUIZAI《YINSHANZHENGYAO》ZHONGCHENG:“TUORU, XINGWEN。WEIGAN。BUZHONGYIQI, ZHUANGJINGU, LINGRENBUJI。”[3]ZAIHASAKEZUYIXUEZHONG, TUORUYOUZIBUANSHEN、YANGYINJIEDUDENGZUOYONG, KEHUIFUBAIBINGZHIHOUXURUODESHENTI。WEIWUERZUYIXUERENWEI, TUORUKEQIANGZHUANGJINGU, TIANJINGSUI, ZHIXIAOKE (TANGNIAOBING) 。JU《WEIWUERYAOZHI》JIESHAO:TUORUJIARUSHILIANGMAQIANZIFAJIAOHOUYINYONG, BUJINKEQIANGYANGZHUANGTI, ERQIEDUISHIDAOYAN、SHUHOUKANGFUJIJIANSHAOFANGHUALIAOFUZUOYONGJUNYOUJIAOHAOXIAOGUO[4]。

                                2 驼乳的免疫调节和抗菌消炎作用

                                TUORUZHONGHANYOUDUOZHONGMIANYIDIAOJIEYINZIHEYIJUNKANGYANCHENGFEN, RUMIANYIQIUDANBAI (Ig) 、RUTIEDANBAI (Lf) 、RONGJUNMEI (Lz) 、WEISHENGSUCDENG, JUYOUDIAOJIEMIANYI、YIJUN、KANGYAN、KANGBINGDUDENGZUOYONG。XINJIANGYIKEDAXUEGULIZIYA·KAKEBAYIDENG (2007) YANJIULEHASAKEZUCHUANTONGFAJIAOTUORUDUIJIAOCHACAIJIAOZHIXIAOSHUZUZHONGZHANG、MIANQIUZHIDASHUFUQIANGROUYAZHONGHEJIAOCHACAIJIAOZHIDASHUQINANGHUAMOYANMOXINGDEYINGXIANG。JIEGUOBIAOMING:FAJIAOTUORUDUIJIAOCHACAIJIAOSUOZHIXIAOSHUZUZHONGZHANGHEMIANQIUZHIDASHUFUQIANGROUYAZHONGXINGCHENGJUNYOUXIANZHUDEYIZHIZUOYONG;FAJIAOTUORUNENGMINGXIANJIANSHAOJIAOCHACAIJIAOZHIDASHUBEIBUQINANGHUAMOYANMOXINGSHENCHUYELIANG, JIANGDIGUANXIYEZHONGBAIXIBAOJISHUYIJIXUEQINGZHONGC-FANYINGDANBAI (CRP) HEBINGERQUAN (MDA) YANXINGYINZIDEHANLIANG。SHIYANZHENGMINGFAJIAOTUORUKEYIZHIYANZHENGDEFASHENGHEFAZHAN, BINGKEZAIDUANSHIJIANNEIFAHUIZUOYONG。QIKANGYANJIZHIYUYIZHIYANXINGYINZISHENCHU、JIANGDICRPHANLIANGYIJIXIAOCHUZIYOUJI、YIZHIZHIZHIGUOYANGHUAYOUGUAN[5]。

                                3 驼乳对消化系统疾病的辅助治疗作用

                              星云棋牌官网下载   YONGTUORUHEFAJIAOTUORUZHILIAOXIAOHUADAOJIBINGZAILUOTUOFENBUQUYUDEJUMINZHONGGUANGWEIYINGYONG。LIANHEGUOLIANGNONGZUZHI (FAO) DEMehariDENGREN (2006) CENGDUIAISAIEBIYA2GEXIANDE40WEIMUMINHE60WEIMUMINFENBIEJINXINGTUORUCHUANTONGYIXUEJIAZHIDEDEWENJUANDIAOCHA, JIEGUOBIAOMING, LIANGDIGEYOU97.5%HE85%DERENRENTONGTUORUDEYILIAOJIAZHI。QIZHONGDUITUORUZHILIAOXIAOHUADAOJIBING (WEIYAN、WEIBUBUSHI、OUTU、LIJI、BIANMIDENG) DERENTONGLVFENBIEWEI27.5%HE55%。LUNZHUANGBINGDUSHIYINFAYINGERHEDUNIUBINGDUXINGCHANGWEIYANDEZHUYAOBINGYUAN。EI-AgamyDENG (2000) DEYANJIUZHENGMING, TUOCHURUHECHANGRUJUNJUYOUKANGLUNZHUANGBINGDUHUOXING, QIKANGTIXIAOJIAZAICHURUZHONGZHUYAOQUJUEYUIg G, ZAICHANGRUZHONGQUJUEYUs Ig A (FENMIXINGIg A) 。ChuvakovaDENG (2000) YANJIULEHASAKESITANFAJIAOTUORUYINLIAO“SHUBATE (Shubat) ”DEKANGBINGDUHUOXING, JIEGUOBIAOMINGGAIFAJIAOTUORUYINLIAODUILINWEIHENIANYEBINGDUYOUMIEHUOHEYIZHISHENGZHANGDETEXING, ERQIEZHEIXIETEXINGZAIHUOJIAQINEIYEBUSHOUYINGXIANG。

                                4 驼乳对糖尿病的辅助治疗作用

                              星云棋牌官网下载   TUORUDUITANGNIAOBINGDEFUZHUZHILIAOZUOYONGBUJINZAIMINJIAN (TEBIESHIMUQU) GUANGWEILIUCHUAN, ERQIEYIBEIDALIANGDEDONGWUSHIYANHERENTILINCHUANGSHIYANSUOZHENGSHI。LANZHOUDAXUEJICHUYIXUEYUANSONGNANNANDENG (2008) YANJIULEGANSUSHUANGFENGTUORUDUIGAOZHIYINSHISUOZHITANGNIAOBINGDASHUMOXINGDEZHILIAOXIAOGUO。ZAI60ZHIJIANKANGCIXINGDASHUZHONGSUIJICHOUQU10ZHIZUOWEIDUIZHAOZU, QIYUDASHUSIWEIGAOZHISILIAO, ZHIZAODASHUTANGNIAOBINGMOXING。6ZHOUHOUSHAIXUANXUETANGGAOYUDUIZHAOZUJUNSHUDE32ZHIDASHUZUOWEISHIYANZU, SUIJIFENWEI4ZU, FENBIEJIYUZHENGLIUSHUI (BINGLIDUIZHAOZU) 、YAOWU、YAOWUJIATUORU、TUORU。GUANWEI8ZHOUHOUCHUSIDONGWU, JIANCEKONGFUXUETANG、GANYOUSANZHI、ZONGDANGUCHUNHEYIDAOSU, JISUANYIDAOSUDIKANGZHISHU。JIEGUOBIAOMING:YUKONGBAIDUIZHAOZUXIANGBI, BINGLIDUIZHAOZUGEXIANGZHIBIAOJUNYOUXIANZHUXINGCHAYI (P<0.05) , QIYU3GESHIYANZUYUKONGBAIDUIZHAOZUGEZHIBIAOCHAYIWUXIANZHUXING (P>0.05) , YUBINGLIDUIZHAOZUXIANGBICHAYIYOUTONGJIXUEYIYI (P<0.05) 。SHIYANZHENGMINGTUORUDUITANGNIAOBINGDASHUYOUFUZHUZHILIAOZUOYONG[6]。YINDUXUEZHEAgrawalDENG (2003) DUIIXINGTANGNIAOBINGRENSUOZUODELINCHUANGSHIYANZHENGMING, HUANZHEMEITIANYINYONG0.5 lTUORUKESHIYIDAOSUPINGJUNJILIANGCONG41.16U/dXIAJIANGDAO30U/d, QIZHONG92%DEHUANZHEYIDAOSUJILIANGJIANGDILE30%。

                                5 驼乳对肾病的辅助治疗作用

                                TUORUJUYOULINIAOPAIDUDEGONGXIAO。MUQUJUMINZAOJIURENSHIDAO, CHANGHESHUANGFENGTUORUDERENYIBANBUHUIDESHENBING。ZAIMENGGUGUOGEBIAERTAISHENGBEIGEERDIQUJIANYOUYIZUOSHUANGFENGTUORUSHENBINGLIAOYANGYUAN, YITUODANGDIDUTEDEZIRANTIAOJIAN, CAIYONGMAISHAHEHEZIRANFAJIAOSHUANGFENGTUORUXIANGJIEHEDEBANFA, RANGBINGRENLIAOYANGBINGZHILIAOSHENBING, BINGYUANJING2~3ZHOULIAOYANGHOU, YAOTUISUANTONG、QUANSHENFALIDENGZHENGZHUANGXIANZHUGAISHAN。GAIYUANCHENGLI28NIANLAIMEINIANJIEDAIMENGGUGUOHESHIJIEGEDISHENBINGHUANZHE800DUOREN, DABUFENHUANZHEDOUMANYIERGUI。NEIMENGGUNONGYEDAXUEPANLEIDENG (2010) YANJIULEXINJIANGSHUANGFENGTUORUDUIXIANPIAOLINGSUOZHIDASHUMANXINGSHENGONGNENGSHUAIJIE (CRF) DEYINGXIANG。CAIYONGXIANPIAOLINGFUZHICRFDASHUMOXING, YICAIZIXINJIANGMUQUDESHUANGFENGTUORUZUOWEISHOUSHIWUJINXINGGUANWEIGANYU。TONGGUOJIANCEDASHUTIZHILIANG、XUEJIGAN (Scr) 、NIAOSUDAN (BUN) 、YIYANGHUADAN (NO) 、CHAOYANGHUAWUQIHUAMEI (SOD) 、XUEQINGZONGDANBAI (TP) 、Ca、P、24hNIAOLIANG、NIAODANBAI (UP) JISHENZANGBINGLIZUZHIBIANHUA, FENXITUORUDUICRFDEYINGXIANG。JIEGUOXIANSHI:TUORUKEJIANGDIDASHUScr、BUNSHUIPING, JIANHUANUP, DIAOJIECa、PHANLIANG, TIGAOSOD、TPSHUIPING, JUYOUBAOHUSHENGONGNENGDEZUOYONG[7]。LIJIANMEIDENG (2011) YONGFAJIAOTUORUJINXINGDEDONGWUSHIYANYEDEDAOLEISIDEJIEGUO[8]。WANGJINGDENG (2009) SUIJIXUANZEZAIMENGGUGUOBEIGEERTUORUSHENBINGLIAOYANGYUANJINXINGSHENBINGLIAOYANGDE73MINGHUANZHEBINGANNIANLINGDUANFENCHENG4GEZUJINXINGGENZONGYANJIU。HUANZHEYIBANJINXING10~14dLIAOYANG, MEIRENMEITIANSHANG、XIAWUGEYINYONGTUORU500ml。TONGGUODUIYINYONGTUORUQIANHOUNIAOBIZHONG、NIAOYEp HZHI、NIAODANBAIHENIAOTANG4XIANGZHIBIAODEJIANCEFAXIAN, 5~14SUIHUANZHEDENIAOBIZHONGXIANZHUJIANGDI (P<0.01) ;15~29SUIHUANZHEDENIAOBIZHONG (P<0.01) 、NIAODANBAI (P<0.05) 、NIAOTANG (P<0.05) JUNXIANZHUJIANGDI;30~44SUIHUANZHEDENIAOBIZHONG (P<0.01) 、NIAOTANG (P<0.05) XIANZHUJIANGDI;45~59SUIHUANZHEDENIAOBIZHONG (P<0.05) 、NIAOYEp HZHI (P<0.05) XIANZHUJIANGDI。SHIYANJIEGUOBIAOMING:TUORUKEDIAOJIESHENBINGHUANZHENIAOYEDEBUFENSHENGHUAZHIBIAO, DUISHENBINGYOUFUZHULIAOXIAO[9]。

                                6 驼乳的抑瘤作用

                              星云棋牌官网下载   GUOJIANGONGDENG (2009) YANJIULENEIMENGGUSUNITESHUANGFENGTUOZIRANFAJIAOTUORUDUIXIAOSHUFUSHUIXINGGANAIXIBAOH22DEYINGXIANG。JIANGXIAOSHUSUIJIFENWEIZIRANFAJIAOTUORUGAO、ZHONG、DIJILIANGSHIYANZUHEDUIZHAOZU, MEIZU10ZHI。SHIYANZUFENBIEYUJIEZHONGZHONGLIUQIAN4dCAIYONGGUANWEIFAJIYUBUTONGJILIANGDEZIRANFAJIAOTUORU, DUIZHAOZUJIYUSHENGLIYANSHUI。JIEZHONGZHONGLIUHOUJIXUANYUDINGJILIANGGUANWEI。CHANGGUISIYANG。YUMOCIGUANWEI24hHOUCHUSIXIAOSHU, JISUANYILIULV、PIZANGZHISHU (SI) 、XIONGXIANZHISHU (TI) , JIANCEZENGZHIXIBAOHEKANGYUAN (PCNA) BIAODALVHEZHONGLIUXIBAOZHOUQIBIANHUA。JIEGUOBIAOMING:ZIRANFAJIAOTUORUDUIXIAOSHUTINEIZHONGLIUXIBAODESHENGZHANGYOUYIDINGDEYIZHIZUOYONG, SUIZHEJILIANGDEZENGJIA, ZHONGLIUZHONGLIANGYICIJIANXIAO, GAO、ZHONG、DIJILIANGZUDEYILIULVFENBIEWEI35.83%、31.94%HE15.56%;GAO、ZHONGJILIANGZUDESIHETIJUNXIANZHUGAOYUDUIZHAOZU (P<0.01HUOP<0.05) , SHUOMINGSHIYANZUMIANYIGONGNENGMINGXIANZENGQIANG;SHIYANZUZHONGLIUZUZHIPCNADEBIAODALIANGMINGXIANJIANGDI, GAOJILIANGZUYANGXINGXIBAOLVJINWEI28.87%, MINGXIANDIYUDUIZHAOZU (63.24%) , SHUOMINGFAJIAOTUORUKEZUZHIZHONGLIUXIBAOZENGZHI, YIZHIZHONGLIUXIBAOSHENGZHANG;GAO、ZHONGJILIANGZUZHONGLIUXIBAOSQI (DNAHECHENGQI) BILVJIAODUIZHAOZUJIXIANZHUZENGDUO (P<0.01) , DIJILIANGZUYEMINGXIANZENGDUO (P<0.05) , SHUOMINGFAJIAOTUORUKESHIZHONGLIUXIBAOZUZHIZAISQI。YISHANGJIEGUOZHENGMINGZIRANFAJIAOTUORUJUYOUYIDINGDEYILIU、SHALIUGONGXIAO[10]。

                                CANKAOWENXIAN

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                                [2] 吉日木图, 陈钢粮, 云振宇.双峰驼和双峰驼乳[M].北京:中国轻工业出版社, 2009.69~81, 95-101.
                                [3] (元) 忽思慧.饮膳正要[M].扬州:广陵书社, 2010.68.
                                [4]刘永民, 沙吾提, 伊克木.维吾尔药志[M].乌鲁木齐:新疆人民出版社, 1986.391.
                                [5]古丽孜亚·卡克巴依, 新华·那比.新疆哈萨克传统发酵驼乳抗炎作用的初步研究[J].中国乳品工业, 2007, 35 (9) :8-10.
                                [6]宋楠楠, 梁剑平, 史大中, 等.甘肃双峰驼乳对糖尿病大鼠的辅助治疗效果[J].中国乳品工业, 2008, 36 (4) :24-26.
                                [7]潘蕾, 王晶, 王娟, 等.驼乳对慢性肾功能衰竭大鼠的影响[J].食品科学, 2010, 31 (17) :376-380.
                                [8]李建美, 潘蕾, 张敏, 等.益生菌发酵驼乳对慢性肾功能衰竭的治疗作用[J].乳业科学与技术, 2011, (4) :173-179.
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                              星云棋牌官网下载   [10]郭建功, 王初一, 哈斯苏荣, 等.双峰驼自然发酵乳对小鼠腹水型肝癌细胞H22的影响[J].中国奶牛, 2009, (1) :9-11.

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