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                        蚶类的食疗、营养及其加工工艺

                        时间:2018-12-30 来源:农产品加工(学刊) 作者:李娟,王志勇,沈建, 本文字数:2566字

                        营养与食疗论文第三篇:蚶类的食疗、营养及其加工工艺

                          摘要:蚶类经济价值较大、分布最广、数量最多的有魁蚶、毛蚶及泥蚶等。通过介绍蚶类药理、营养及食疗功能, 并简述蚶类的加工利用, 旨在为提高蚶类的经济价值提供参考。

                          关键词:蚶类;魁蚶;毛蚶;泥蚶;

                          The Dietetic Therapy Nutrition and Utilization of Ark Shells

                          Abstract:星云棋牌官网下载Scapharca broughtonii, Scapharca subcrenata and Tegillaren granosa are of bigger economic value, widest distribution and the most amount in ark shell.The study introduces the pharmacology, nutrition, dietetic therapy and processing utilization of ark shell in order to provide references for the increase of economic value of ark shell.

                          HANLEISHURUANTIDONGWUMEN (Mollusca) 、SHUANGQIAOGANG (Class Bivalvia) 、YIXINGYAGANG (subclass Pteriomorphia) 、HANCHAOKE (superfamily Arwcea) 、HANKE (Family Arcidae) , SHISHUANGQIAOGANGZHONGBIJIAOYUANSHIDELEIXING, BIANJISHIJIEGEHAIYU, ZHONGGUOYIFAXIAN50DUOZHONG, QIZHONGJINGJIJIAZHIJIAODA、FENBUZUIGUANG、SHULIANGZUIDUODEYOUKUIHAN (Scapharca broughtonii) 、MAOHAN (Scapharca subcrenata) JINIHAN (Tegillaren granosa) DENG, SHENGHUOYU4~20 mDECHAOJIANDAINISHAZHIHAIDI, WOGUOYANHAIJUNYOUFENBU, YILIAONING、SHANDONGCHANLIANGZUIDUO, YOUYIBOHAIWANCHANLIANGZUIDA。

                          1 蚶类特点

                        星云棋牌官网下载   HANLEIYOULIANGSHANHOUGUDETUBEIQIAO, JUMINGXIANDEFANGSHELEI, SHANGYOUQIANHEXIAOCHI, LIMIANYOU2KUAIBIQIAOJIGUZHEZAIQIAONEIMIAN, KEYIBABEIQIAOLAJIN、ZHANGKAI, ZUKESHENCHUHUODONG, QIANHOUBIQIAOJISHUYUDENGZHULEI。CONGQIAOZHANGQIAOGAO、FANGSHELEIJIAOHECHIDENGGEBUXIANGTONG。

                          HANLEIDEYIBANTEDIANJIANBIAO1。

                          2 蚶类的药理及功能

                          HAIYANGBEILEIYAOYONGLISHIYOUJIU, BUDANYINGYANGFENGFU, WEIDAOXIANMEI, ERQIEJUYOUKANGZHONGLIU、KANGSHUAILAO、ZENGQIANGJITIMIANYIGONGNENG、KANGYANGHUADENGZUOYONG, ERHANLEIWEIGANXINGWEN, GUIPIWEIJING, ZIGUJIUBEIRENWEIJUYOUZIYINLISHUI、HUATANRUANJIANZHIGONGNENG, KEYIBUPIYIQIBUXUE, YONGYUSHENTIXURUO、QIXUEBUZU、PIWEIXURUO、XIAOHUABULIANGDENGZHENGZHUANG。《BENCAOJINGSHU》JIZAI:HAN, WEIGANQIWEN, XINGYIWUDU;SANGUO《LINHAIYIWUZHI》JIZAI:NIHANYOU“YIXUESE”ZHIGONGXIAO;QINGCHAO《SHILIAOBENCAO》JIZAI:RUNWUZANG, ZHIXIAOKE, KAIGUANJIE;《YILINZUANYAO》JIZAI:BUXINXUE, SANYUXUE, CHUFANXINGJIU, POJIEXIAOTAN[1]。JINNIANLAIYANJIUBIAOMING, HANLEIJUYOUKANGZHONGLIU、KANGYANGHUAYIJIDIAOJIEJITIMIANYIHUOXINGDENGGONGXIAO, HANLEIZHONGYEFAXIANLEDUOZHONGHUOXINGWUZHI, BUSHAOYIYONGYULINCHUANG, LIRUHANTIQUYEBUDANNENGTIGAOXIAOSHU、JIATUKANGXINJIQUEXUEDEZUOYONG, HAINENGSHILITITUCHANGDEPINGHUAJIJIELVXINGSHOUSUOJIAQIANG, TIGAOXIAOSHUDUIRE、DIANCIJIDETENGTONGFANYINGYUZHI, TIQUYEDUIJIATUYIYOUMINGXIANDELINIAOZUOYONG。

                          BIAO1 HANLEIDEYIBANTEDIAN    XIAZAIYUANBIAO

                        星云棋牌官网下载   HANQIAOCHENGFANGSHEZHUANGPAILIE, ZHONGYAOMINGJIAOWALENGZI。《JINGYANGUANGJI》HANSANJIZAI:WALENGZIKEZHITANHUOCHUANSOU, JUTISHIJIANGHANQIAOXIJINGFANGTANHUOSHANGSHAOBEI, QUHUODUWEIMO, CIQISHOUZHU, YUTANHUOZHENG, QUYILIANGFENSANFU, SHAOCHIWANFAN, XIANYONGMIANHUDIAO, NIEWANRUHUANGDOUDA, SHAOYONGGUNSHUIJIANGWANYAOERSANKOUTUNXIA, XUANWANXUANTUN, BUKEFANGGAN。《BAIYIXUANFANG》ZHIXINPITENG, JUTISHIJIANGZHENHANFENYIQIAN (CHAO) , GUI (QUPI) YIQIAN, GANJIANG (PAO) ERQIAN, SHANGWEIXIMO, MEIFUERQIAN, MIYINDIAOXIA[1]。

                          3 蚶类的食疗及营养

                          HANLEIGEDAZHIHOU、ROUNENWEIXIAN, ZIGUJIUSHIWEIZHENPIN, TONGCHANGDESHIYONGFANGFASHIKUIHANZHIJIESHENGSHI, MAOHAN、NIHANJINGKAISHUITANGPIAOHOUSHIYONG[2]。QINGYUANMEI《SUIYUANSHIDAN》ZAOYOUJIZAI:“HANYOUSANCHI——RESHUIPENZHIBANSHU, QUGAIJIAJIU, QIUYOUZUIZHI;HUOYONGJITANGGUNSHU, QUGAIRUTANG;HUOQUANQUQIGAIZUOGENGYIKE, DANYISUQI, CHIZEROUKU”。RUJIN, NINGBOYIDAIRENGYOUCIZHONGCHIFA:WEIFANGZHIHANLEIHUNRUNISHUI, XIANYONGSHUAZILIANXUXISHUAZHIQIAOFABAI, QINGSHUIXIJINGHOUFANGRUFEISHUIZHONGTANGPIAOZHIBACHENGSHUZHIHANQIAOLVEZHANGKAI, SUIJIQUCHUBOQIAO, HANROUZHONGSARUJIANGCONG、WEIJIU、SHENGCHOU、XIANGYOUJIAOBANERCHENG, JIKESHIYONGYOUKEYAOYONG。

                        星云棋牌官网下载   HANLEIDEYIBANYINGYANGCHENGFENJIANBIAO2。

                          BIAO2 HANLEIDEYIBANYINGYANGCHENGFEN[3]    XIAZAIYUANBIAO

                          /%

                          HANLEISHIYANHAIJIUFUSHENGMINGDESHIYONGHAICHANPIN, HANYOUGAODANBAIDIZHIFANG、GAOTIEGAOGAI, RENTISUOBIXUDEDUOZHONGANJISUANDENG, SUOHANYOUDETESHUCHENGFENNIUHUANGSUANHETIANCAIJIANBUDANNENGQIANGSHENZIBU, HAINENGJIEJIUPAIDU。RENTIXUYAOBUTIE10~13 mg/d, FOUZEHUIYINQIPINXUE、JIANWANGHEPILAO, ERHANLEIYOUYUHANTIEXUEHONGDANBAIERXUEYEXIANHONG, BUDANYINGYANGJIAZHIGAO, HAISHIZHENGUIDEZIBUPIN。HANROUHAIHANJUYOUJIANGDIXUEQINGDANGUCHUNZUOYONGDEΔ7-DANGUCHUNHE24-YAJIAJIDANGUCHUN, NENGSHITINEIDANGUCHUNXIAJIANG。

                          4 蚶类的加工利用

                          QINGDAISHIRENWANGBUXIAO《YANGHAN》ZHONGMIAOSHULEHANLEIDEZHENGUIHEJIANXIN:“WALONGMINGZHENGGUOFUCHUAN, JIANGXIANGHANZIMOQINGJUAN;TUANSHAZHIBIYUMIAOXI, YUNYUETAIHANLUDIANYUAN;YUANZHUOUFUXIULANGSHI, HAOCHONGZHENXIURUBINYAN;DONGNANMEILIYOULAITAN, JINHAISHENGYADANGZHONGTIAN”。XIANHUO、SHUILIANGZU、SEZEHONG、WUNISHAZHEWEISHANGDENGHANLEI, BIRUXIANHUOCHIBEIROUWEIHAIXIANHUOGUOYUANLIAO, KESHENGCHI、KEHUNCHAO, BIEJUFENGWEI;SHUILIANGSHAO、WUGUANGZE、ZHIRUAN、WUDANXINGCIZHI;BIANSEYOUYIWEIERBUNENGSHIYONGDEWEISIHAN。BEILEIFUXIANWEI, SUOYIPENGZHISHIBUXUZAIJIAWEIJING, YEBUYIDUOFANGYAN, YIMIANXIANWEIFANSHI;BEILEISHIFAWU, GUSUJIZHE、PIWEIXUHANZHEBUYIDUOSHI。

                        星云棋牌官网下载   HANLEIJIAGONGZHIQIANXIANFANGDANYANSHUIZHONGFANGYANG1~2 dJINGHUATUSHA, RUGUOTUSHABUCHEDI, HUISHICHANPINYACHENERYINGXIANGSHANGYEJIAZHI[4], JIAGONGSHIBAZHUANYONGDAOCHARUHANQIAONEIGEDUANBIQIAOJI, PIANQUBIANYUAN, ZAIQUNEIZANGJIKE;HANLEIBIXUXIANHUOXIAOSHOU, TONGGUOGANZHI、AZHI、ZUIZIDENGFANGFAJIAGONGBAOZANG;PENGDIAOSHISHENG、SHUJIEYI;SIHANBUNENGCHI, SHENGSHIYIDINGYAOXIANHUO, SHUZHISHIBUNENGGUOHUO, FOUZEHANZHILAORENNANYIXIAYAN, SHENZHIBUNENGSHIYONG。HANLEIJIAGONGGONGYIRUXIA。

                        星云棋牌官网下载   (1) HANQIAOGAI。

                          HANQIAO→QINGXI→FENSUI→HONGGAN→DUANSHAO→SHIHUI→ZHONGHE→GUOLV→NONGSUO→GANZAO。

                          (2) HAOYOU。

                        星云棋牌官网下载   HANROU→JIAOSUI→ZHUFEI→TUOXING→NONGSUO→SUANJIE→DIAOWEI→SHAJUN→ZHUANGPING。

                        星云棋牌官网下载   (3) DONGHANROU。

                          HUOHAN→QINGXI→ZHENGZHU→QUFUZUROU→FENXUAN→YULENG→SUDONG→DUBING→BAOZHUANG→LENGZANG。

                          (4) DIAOWEIHANROU。

                          HANROU→XIDI→TANGPIAO→QINGXI→DIAOWEI→SHUZHI→HONGGAN→LENGQUE→FENJI→BAOZHUANG→LENGZANG。

                        星云棋牌官网下载   (5) YUANZHICHIBEI。

                          CHIBEI→ZHENGZHU→BEIROU→RETANG→TANGZHI→ZHUANGGUAN→MIFENG→SHAJUN→CHENGPIN。

                        星云棋牌官网下载   (6) GANDONGCHIBEIROU。

                          CHIBEI→QINGXI→FUZU→XIDI→QUZANG→QIEPIAN→FENXUAN→CHENGZHILIANG→SUDONG→DUBING→LENGZANG。

                        星云棋牌官网下载   BEILEIJIAGONGCHUKOUDEZHONGLEIZHUYAOSHIXIANHUOBEILEI、JIAGONGLENGDONGPINYIJIXIAOBAOZHUANGDEDIAOZHIPIN[5], HANLEIYESHIYISHICHANGXIANXIAO、JIANDANCHUJIAGONGWEIZHU, CHANPINDANYI, QIJINGSHENJIAGONGHEZONGHELIYONGSHANGWEISHIZHIXINGJINZHAN[6], YINCIBIXUJINKUAIYANFAHANLEIANQUANJIAGONGHEZONGHELIYONGJISHU, TIGAOCHANPINDEFUJIAZHI, CUJINHAIYANGJINGJIDEJIANKANGFAZHAN。

                          CANKAOWENXIAN

                          [1]谢宗墉, 刘竹伞.水产品的食疗与保健[M].北京:中国农业出版社, 1996:198.
                          [2]陈燕, 苏秀榕, 邵亮亮, 等.蚶类的质构特性研究[J].食品科技, 2009, 34 (2) :92-95.
                          [3]江尧森.海洋贝类加工技术[M].北京:农业出版社, 1996:123.
                          [4]王彩理, 王滨亭, 王洪军, 等.特色原味四角蛤蜊的加工工艺[J].渔业科学进展, 2011, 32 (6) :135-140.
                          [5]滕瑜, 刘丛力, 沈建.我国贝类产业化现状及存在问题[J].科学养鱼, 2012 (6) :1-2.
                        星云棋牌官网下载   [6]谭围, 陈傅晓, 蒲利云, 等.我国常见蚶类的人工育苗与养殖技术研究进展[J].现代农业科技, 2012 (8) :327-330.

                        点击查看>>营养与食疗论文(优秀范文8篇)其他文章
                          滕瑜,李娟,王志勇,沈建,王彩理.蚶类的食疗营养及其加工利用[J].农产品加工(学刊),2013(13):46-47.
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