星云棋牌官网下载

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                            习近平反腐倡廉观的发展脉络探析

                            时间:2019-03-12 来源:华北水利水电大学学报(社会科学 作者:霍贺 本文字数:8178字

                              摘    要: 党的十八大以来,习近平总书记站在时代前沿,从党和国家发展的全局出发,紧紧围绕“建设什么样的党,怎样建设党”的时代课题,先后提出了一系列反腐倡廉的新思想新论断,成为习近平党建思想的重要组成部分。习近平反腐倡廉思想并非一时形成的,而是在长期的从政实践中形成的。唯有将习近平反腐倡廉思想置于其从政的历史坐标中,通过考察其不同时期反腐倡廉思想发展轨迹与内在逻辑,全面审视其反腐倡廉思想演进脉络,才能从更好地透视其管党治党思想的一以贯之,从更深层次上揭示习近平反腐倡廉思想的完整图景,凸显其时代价值。

                              关键词: 习近平; 反腐倡廉思想; 历史考察;

                              Abstract: Since the 18 th National Congress of the Communist Party of China(CPC), General Secretary Xi Jinping has been standing at the forefront of the times. From the perspective of the overall development of the party and the country, he has put forward a series of new opinions on anti-corruption and building a clean government, which has become an important part of Xi Jinping's party building thoughts. Xi Jinping's thought of combating corruption and upholding integrity was not formed in a short time, but in a long period of political practice. Only put Xi Jinping's anti-corruption thought in the history of politics coordinates, by looking at different times anti-corruption ideological trajectory and internal logic, a comprehensive look at the evolution of anti-corruption thought, to pipe from a better perspective the party party thought a consistent, from a deeper reveals the complete picture of Xi Jinping's anti-corruption thought, highlighting its time value.

                              Keyword:星云棋牌官网下载 Xi Jinping; anti-corruption thoughts; historical investigation;

                              “JIANSHESHENMEYANGDEDANG、RUHEJIANSHEDANG”SHIZHONGSHI“DANGDEJIANSHE”MIANLINDEZHONGDALISHIKETI。SHIBADAYILAI,XIJINPINGZONGSHUJIJINJINWEIRAODANGDEJIANSHEXINDEWEIDAGONGCHENG,XIANHOUTICHULEYIXILIEGUANDANGZHIDANGDEXINSIXIANGXINGUANDIANXINLUNDUAN,SHENKEHUIDALERUHEYINGDUIDANGSUOMIANLINDE“SIDAKAOYAN”YU“SIDAWEIXIAN”DETIAOZHAN,XINGCHENGLEYIQUANMIANCONGYANZHIDANGWEIZHUYAOTEDIANDEDANGDEJIANSHEXUESHUOJIQISIXIANG,JINYIBUTUIDONGLE21SHIJIDANGDEJIANSHEXINDEWEIDAGONGCHENG。ZAIQIQUANMIANCONGYANZHIDANGSIXIANGZHONG,FANFUCHANGLIANSIXIANGWUYIDUJUTESE、ZUISHOUGUANZHU、YINGXIANGZUIDA。

                              DANGQIANXUEJIECONGBUTONGSHIJIAODUIXIJINPINGFANFUCHANGLIANSIXIANGJINXINGQUANSHI,DANDUIQIFANFUCHANGLIANSIXIANGDESHIJIANLUOJIJIQISIXIANGYANJINMAILUOSHUYUGUANZHU。XUEJIEDADUOZHUZHONGXIJINPINGDANRENZONGSHUJIZHIHOUDEXIANGGUANLUNSHU,ERDUIQIZHIQIANZHUZHENGDIFANGSHITICHUDEFANFUCHANGLIANSIXIANGZEGUANZHUJIAOSHAO,DUIQIJUYOUCHUANGZAOXINGDEYIXIEGUANDIANHESIXIANGMEIYOUJINXINGXITONGSHULI,CUNZAIZHEYANJIUSHIYUXIAZHAI、LUNSHUBUQUANMIANDEWENTI[1],DUIXIJINPINGFANFUCHANGLIANSIXIANGDELILUNDIYUNHESIXIANGYUANTOUDESHENCENGCIWAJUELVEXIANBUZU[2]。ZAIJIEJIANHEFENXIYIWANGYANJIUCHENGGUODEJICHUSHANG,WOMENRENWEIXIJINPINGDECONGZHENGSHENGYAGOUHUACHULEQIFANFUCHANGLIANSIXIANGFAZHANDELISHIMAILUO,DUIQIFANFUCHANGLIANSIXIANGYANJINLUJINGDETANTAO,YINGCONGQIFANFUCHANGLIANSIXIANGDESHIJIANYUANYUAN、YANJINMAILUODENEIZAIXIANSUO、BUTONGSHIQICONGZHENGSHIJIANJINGLIDELUOJIFAZHANJINXINGKAOCHA。

                              一、反腐倡廉思想初具雏形

                              早在1980年代初,习近平在正定工作时针对利用职权搞特权、谋私利、走后门、拉关系等官僚主义现象[3]22,提出彻底纠正不正之风、查处违法乱纪、整顿政治纪律,最根本的一条是抓好党性、党纪和党的根本宗旨教育,这是釜底抽薪的办法、治本的办法[3]207。担任县委书记时期,习近平就开始认识到党的政治建设和组织建设的好坏决定反腐倡廉工作的成效。在干部选拔时,习近平强调要严格把好“政治观”,各级领导干部“在思想和政治上与党中央保持高度一致,决不能背道而驰、阳奉阴违”[3]94。“不准搞不正之风,不准拉帮结伙,不准搞非组织活动。”[3]95政治品质不好,即便有才也不予重用。“打破部门、行业的界限,不拘一格,唯‘德才’是举。”[3]93“防止任人唯亲、嫉贤妒能,才能避免压抑人才和选不准。”[3]94领导干部要具备敢于“照一照镜子”的问题意识和“与于律己、以身作则”的自律意识。“要把抓政治纪律放在纪检工作的首位”“谁违反这一点,谁就要受到党的纪律处分”[3]26。针对党员干部中存在违法乱纪、贪污腐败等问题,习近平强调必须下大力气抓好整治工作,严格执行党章党纪,破除歪风邪气,使干部队伍形成清正廉明的风气。这些规定初步展现出习近平对反腐倡廉的思考,反腐倡廉思想已具雏形。
                             

                            习近平反腐倡廉观的发展脉络探析
                             

                              二、反腐倡廉思想的沉淀

                              ZAIFUJIANGONGZUOQIJIAN,XIJINPINGSHIZHONGQIANGDIAOCONGYANZHIDANG,GAODUZHONGSHILIANZHENGJIANSHE。ZHUZHENGNINGDESHI,XIJINPINGJIUMINGQUETICHU:“ZHONGGUOGONGCHANDANGKAOSHENMELAIDEMINXINNI?KAODEJIUSHILIANJIEFENGGONG,QUANXINQUANYIWEIRENMINFUWU。”[4]20ZAIFENXIDANGNEICHANSHENGFUBAIXIANXIANGDEYUANYINSHI,XIJINPINGZHICHU:“GANBUSUZHIDI,SIXIANGYISHIBUHAO,BUDANSHICHANSHENGFUBAIXIANXIANGDEZHONGYAOYUANYINZHIYI,YESHICHENGZHIFUBAIDEZHANGAIZHIYI。”BINGJIEYONGGURENWEIGUANZHIDAODEZHENYANDASHENGJIHU“ZISHENBUZHENG,HEYIZHENGREN?”“ANTIANXIA,BIXUXIANZHENGQISHEN”[4]21。YINCI,GEJILINGDAOGANBUJIESHOUMAKESIZHUYIJIAOYU,TIGAOZISHENSIXIANGRENSHIHEMIANYILI,BUDUANDIZENGQIANGLIANJIEFENGGONGDEZIWOYUESHULI。JIANLILIANZHENGZERENZHI,“GEJILINGDAOJIESHENZIHAO,ZHENGRENXIANZHENGJI,ZUOHAOBIAOLV。YONGDANGXINGZUOWEIXINGWEIZHUNZE,YANGEZHIXINGLIANJIEZISHOUGUIDING”[4]23。XIJINPINGZAIGAODUKENDINGDADUOSHUDANGYUANLIDANGWEIGONGDETONGSHI,YETANCHENG“DANGNEIYIXIAOBUFENRENDEFUBAIWENTIQUESHIYIJINGDAOLENANYIRONGREN,BUCHENGZHIBUZUYIPINGMINFENDEDIBU”。ZHEIZHONGXIANXIANGYUDANGDEZONGZHIHESHEHUIZHUYIZHIDUDEBENZHIXIANGWEIBEI,“LIANZHENGJIANSHESHIGONGCHANDANGRENDELISHISHIMING,RUGUOWOMENBUNENGCHENGDANQIZHEIZHONGLISHISHIMING,WOMENJIUHUISHIQUMINXIN”[4]20。“CONGYANZHIDANG、WEIZHENGQINGLIANGUANXIDAOGAIGEKAIFANGDECHENGBAI,SHIZHONGSHIWODANGDESHENGMINGXIAN。”[4]7GUCI,JIAQIANGDANGDEJIANSHE,JIUYAOJIANJUECHENGZHIFUBAI。ZAICHENGZHIFUBAIHELIANZHENGJIANSHEQUDEZHONGDACHENGGUOHOUMIANLINDEWENTISHI“RUHEGONGGUZHANGUO,YONGZHUIQIONGKOU,BACHENGZHIFUBAIDEDOUZHENGYINXIANGSHENRU”。DUIDANGNEICUNZAIYANZHONGDEFUBAIXIANXIANG,XIJINPINGPAIANERQI:BUCHENGZHINEIXIE“YIQUANLAOQIAN、TANWUSHOUHUI”“SHENZHIQINZHANJIAOYU、FUPINHEJIUZAIWUZHI”“DANDAWANGWEI”“ZHONGBAOSINANG”DEGUANYUAN,“WOMENDESHIYEHAIYOUSHENMEXIWANG,WOMENHEYIQUXIN270WANMINDONGRENMIN!”[4]21ZHEIXIEYIZHENJIANXUEDEPIPING,TIXIANLEXIJINPINGWEIMINQINGMINGDEQINGHUAI、LIANJIEWUSHIDEDANDANGJINGSHENHEFANFUCHANGLIANDEJIANQIANGJUEXIN。TONGSHI,XIJINPINGYEQINGXINGDIRENSHIDAOSHIXIANDANGDELIANZHENGJIANSHEDEMUBIAOBINGFEIYICUERJIU,YIRANSHIRENZHONGERDAOYUAN。NEIMERUHE“CONGGENBENSHANGCHANCHUFUBAIXIANXIANGLAIYISHENGCUNDEWENCHUANG”NI?XIJINPINGZHICHU,CONGZHIDUSHANGZHESHOU“JIANZHANGLIZHI,JIANLIYIZHENGTAOXITONG、QUANMIANDEZHIDUYIZHIYUEHEJIANDUQUANLIDESHIYONG,ZHEISHIDUJUEFUBAIDEGENBENXINGCUOSHI”。DUIYU“YIJINGSHIXINGDE‘LIANGGONGKAIYIJIANDU’ZHIDU,YAOJIXUJIANCHIHEBUDUANWANSHAN”[4]22。GUANGFANJIESHOURENMINQUNZHONGDEPIPINGJIANDU,SHIWOMENDANGQUXINYUMINDELILIANGYUANQUAN,YESHISHIJIANDANGDEZONGZHIDEBIAOXIAN。CIHOU,WULUNSHIDANRENFUZHOUSHIWEISHUJIHAISHIFUJIANSHENGZHANG,XIJINPINGDOUGAODUZHONGSHIFANFUCHANGLIAN,TONGCHIGUANCHANGJIBI,CONGZHIDUSHANGTANSUOJIEJUEZHIDAO。ZAIFUJIANGONGZUOQIJIAN,XIJINPINGDUIFANFUCHANGLIANDESIKAOJINYIBUFAZHAN,QITICHUDEFANFUCHANGLIANCUOSHICHENGXIAOXIANZHE,WEISHIBADAYILAIFANFUCHANGLIANSIXIANGDECHENGSHUHEWANSHANDIANDINGLEFENGFUDELILUNJICHUHESHIJIANJICHU。

                              三、反腐倡廉思想渐成体系

                              ZHUZHENGZHEJIANGSHI,XIJINPINGJIURUHEJIAQIANGDANGDEFANFUCHANGLIANJIANSHEJINXINGLEGENGJIASHENRUDESIKAO,KAISHIJIANGHONGGUANCENGMIANYUJUTISHIJIANJIEHEQILAITANSUOFANFUCHANGLIANDEJIZHIJIANGOU。DUIFUBAILINGYUDUOFALINGYUHEGUANJIANGANGWEIDELIANZHENGJIANSHE,TAZHICHUYAOWANSHANZHIDU、QIANGHUAJIANDU,CONGYUANTOUSHANGXUNQIUPOJIEZHIDAO。XIJINPINGBUJINYAOQIUGEJILINGDAOGANBUSUANHAO“JINGJIZHANG”“FAJIZHANG”HE“LIANGXINZHANG”,ERQIESHENTILIXINGDAITOUXIANGQUANSHENGRENMINZUOHAOLIUTIAOLIANZHENGCHENGNUO。TICHUDANGFENGLIANZHENGJIANSHEYAO“JIAOYU、ZHIDU、JIANDU、CHENGCHU、GAIGE”WUWEIYITITONGBUTUIJIN,YAOZHUAJICHU、ZHUAZHONGDIAN、ZHUAGUANJIAN、ZHUAZHIJI、ZHUALONGTOU、ZHUAZHIBEN。LVXIANCHUTAI《ZHEJIANGSHENGFANFUCHANGLIANFANGFANTIXISHISHIYIJIAN(SHIXING)》,JINYIBUGUIFAN“SANQUAN”(SHIQUAN、CAIQUAN、RENSHIQUAN),WANSHAN“SIZHONGXIN”(XINGZHENGFUWUZHONGXIN、ZHAOTOUBIAOZHONGXIN、HUIJIHESUANZHONGXIN、JINGJIFAZHANHUANJINGTOUSUZHONGXIN)[5]。SHULI“YUESHILINGDAOGANBU,YUEYAOLIANJIEZILV,JIAQIANGJIANDU,YISHENZUOZE,DANGHAOBIAOLV”DEYISHI,“JIANCHILIANJIEWEIGUI,YINDAOGANBUQINGZHENGLIANJIE,ZIJUEZUODAOJUFUSHI、YONGBUZHAN”[6]81。GOUJIANKEXUEYANMIDEQUANLIYUNXINGJIANDUJIZHI,TONGGUODUIDANGZHENGLINGDAOGANBUXINGSHIQUANLIJINXINGZHIYUEHEJIANDU,CONGYUANTOUSHANGQUEBAOQUANLIBUHUIBEILANYONG。DUILINGDAOGANBU,TONGGUOYANGEDEZHIDUGUIFANRANGQI“BUNENGWEI”,TONGGUOQIANGHUAJINGSHIZUOYONGSHIQI“BUGANWEI”,TONGGUOZENGQIANGZISHEN“MIANYILI”CUQI“BUXIANGWEI”[6]70。QUANMIANJIAQIANGFANGZHIFUBAIGONGZUO,WANSHANLUOSHIJUYOUZHEJIANGTESEDECHENGZHIHEYUFANGFUBAITIXI[7]。TONGGUOZHEIXIEDADANTANSUOHEWUSHIJUCUO,ZHEJIANGSHENGDEFANFUCHANGLIANGONGZUOZOUZAIQUANGUOQIANLIE,YEWEITAHOULAIZAIQUANDANGKAIZHANFANFUFENGBAODIANDINGLEJIANSHIDESHIJIANJICHU。

                            星云棋牌官网下载   ZHUZHENGSHANGHAISHI,ZAIFANFUCHANGLIANLINGYU,XIJINPINGQIANGDIAOLINGDAOGANBUYAOSUANHAO“SANBIZHANG”(“LIYIZHANG”“FAJIZHANG”HE“LIANGXINZHANG”),GUOHAO“WUDAOGUAN”(“SIXIANGGUAN”“QUANLIGUAN”“SHEHUIGUAN”“QINSHUGUAN”HE“SHENGHUOGUAN”)。“JIANCHIBIAOBENJIANZHI、ZONGHEZHILI、CHENGFANGBINGJU、ZHUZHONGYUFANGFANGZHEN,JIANLIJIANQUANJIAOYU、ZHIDU、JIANDUBINGZHONGDECHENGZHIHEYUFANGFUBAITIXI”,JIANGYUFANGYUCHENGZHIXIANGJIEHE,ZHIBIAOYUZHIBENXIANGJIEHE,“CONGJIAOYU、ZHIDU、JIANDU、CHENGCHU、GAIGEWUWEIYITISHANGZHENGTIJIAYITUIJIN”,CONGYUANTOUSHANGQIEDUANCHANSHENGFUBAIDEGENYUAN[8]。ZHEILITICHUDEFANFUCHANGLIANJIANSHE“SANBIZHANG”HE“WUWEIYITI”SIXIANGSHIXIJINPINGZAIZHEJIANGTICHUDE,JIANGZHEIZHONGFUYOUCHENGXIAODEFANFUJINGYANTUIGUANGDAOSHANGHAIBINGJINYIBUWANSHAN,BIAOMINGQIGUANDANGZHIDANGSIXIANGGENGJIACHENGSHU。ZAIFANFUCHANGLIANZHIDUJIANSHEFANGMIAN,XIJINPINGZHICHUZHIDUJIANSHEWEIFANFUCHANGLIANTIGONGJIBENBAOZHANG,BINGJIANGQIGUANCHUANYUDANGDEJIANSHEDEMEIYIGEFANGMIAN,XINGCHENGYONGZHIDUGUANQUAN、GUANSHI、GUANREN、GUANWUDETIZHIJIZHI。TONGSHI,XIJINPINGYERENSHIDAOWEIYOUCONGYUANTOUZHILIFUBAI,TONGGUOSHENHUATIZHIGAIGE,TUIDONGZHIDUCHUANGXIN,NULIXIAOCHUYINFAQUANLILANYONG、QUANLI“XUNZU”DEYINSU,CAINENGCONGGENYUANSHANGCHANCHUZISHENGMANYANFUBAIXIANXIANGDETURANGHETIAOJIAN,QUEBAODANGDEJIANKANGJITI。ZHICI,XIJINPINGFANFUCHANGLIANSIXIANGJIANCHENGTIXI。

                              四、反腐倡廉思想体系的成熟

                            星云棋牌官网下载   RUGUOSHUOXIJINPINGZHUZHENGDIFANGSHI,DUIFANFUCHANGLIANSIKAODEZHONGXINZAIYURUHEJIEHEGEDISHIJIANGUANCHELUOSHIZHONGYANGJINGSHEN,NEIME,ZAIDANRENZHONGYANGSHUJICHUCHANGWUSHUJIQIJIAN,XIJINPINGKAISHICONGQUANDANGDAJUCHUFA,SIKAOFANFUCHANGLIANJIZHIDEGOUJIAN。TAQIANGDIAOZHICHURUHEYOUXIAODIZHIXIAOJIFUBAIXIANXIANGQINSHIDANGDEJIANKANGJITI,SHIWOMENDANGZHANGQIMIANDUIDEZHONGDAKETI,ZAIZHANGQIZHIZHENGDEBEIJINGXIA,“XIAOJIFUBAIXIANXIANGZIZHANGMANYANDEWENTI,HUIBIYIWANGRENHESHIHOUDOUGENJIATUCHUDIBIAOXIANCHULAI”,YINCI,YAOJIANCHIBUXIEDIFANDUIHEFANGZHIFUBAI[9]。XIJINPINGDANRENZONGSHUJIYILAI,ZAIFANFUCHANGLIANFANGMIANTICHULEYIXILIEPOJUTESEYOUFUYOUCHENGXIAODECUOSHI。

                              (一)打铁还需自身硬

                              XIJINPINGDANRENZONGSHUJIYILAI,ZHANZAIDANGZHONGYANGDEGAODUFUKANQUANDANG,CONGQUANDANGDEDAJUCHUFA,DUIFANFUCHANGLIANJINXINGQUANFANGWEIDESHENRUSIKAO。FUBAISHIQINSHIDANGHEGUOJIAJITIJIANKANGDEDULIU,YUDANGDECHUNJIEXINGHEXIANJINXINGSHUIHUOBURONG。TAMINGQUEZHICHU:“FUBAISHISHEHUIDULIU,RUGUORENPINGFUBAIWENTIYUYANYULIE,ZUIZHONGBIRANWANGDANGWANGGUO。”[10]XIJINPINGZAIDANRENZONGSHUJIHOUDESHOUCIZHONGWAIJIZHEJIANMIANHUISHANGMINGQUEZHICHU,WEISHIXIAN“RENMINDUIMEIHAOSHENGHUODEXIANGWANG”ZHEIGEFENDOUMUBIAO,WOMENDANGJIUYAOXIADALIQIJIEJUERENMINQUNZHONGFANYINGBIJIAOQIANGLIEDEGEZHONGXIAOJIFUBAIXIANXIANGDENGTUCHUWENTI,POJIEDANGNEICUNZAIDEXUDUOJIDAIJIEJUEDEGEZHONGFENGXIANHETIAOZHAN。WEICI,TAHUYUQUANDANGYIDINGYAOJINGXINGQILAI,DATIEHAIXUZISHENYING[11]4。ZHEIJIZHAOSHILEWOMENDANGDECHUXINHESHIMING,YESHIWOMENDANGXIANGGUANGDARENMINQUNZHONGZUOCHUDEZHUANGYANCHENGNUO,ZHANGXIANLECONGYANGUANDANGZHIDANGDEJIANQIANGJUEXINHEJIANDINGXINNIAN。ZHEIJIUYAOQIUQUANDANGSHANGXIABIXUJINGXING,WEIYOUXIAOCHUDANGNEIGEZHONGXIAOJIFUBAIXIANXIANG,CAINENGSHIXIANZIWOJINGHUA,YINGDERENMINQUNZHONGDEZHICHI、XINLAIHEYONGHU,CAINENGSHIZHONGZOUZAISHIDAIQIANLIE,CHENGWEIZHONGGUORENMINDEZHUXINGUHEJIANQIANGLINGDAOHEXIN。XIJINPINGZONGSHUJIZAISHIJIUDABAOGAOZHONGTICHU“DATIEBIXUZISHENYING”,SHIDUIDANGDEJIANSHEXIANGGAOZHILIANGFAZHANDEXINYAOQIU,TUXIANLECONGDADANGZOUXIANGQIANGDANGDEJIANQIANGJUEXINHEZHENGZHIZIXIN,FACHULEXINSHIDAIQUANMIANCONGYANZHIDANGZAICHUFADECHONGFENGHAO。

                              (二)以人民利益为重

                            星云棋牌官网下载   WOMENDANGDEZONGZHISHIQUANXINQUANYIWEIRENMINFUWU,XIJINPINGZONGSHUJITICHULEYIRENMINWEIZHONGXINDEZHIZHENGLINIAN,JUEDINGLEFANFUCHANGLIANJIUYAOYIRENMINLIYIWEIZHONGXIN。MIANDUIFANFUBAIDOUZHENGDEFUZAXINGYANJUNXING,YIJIFANFUBAIYUDAODEZULI、FENGXIANHETIAOZHAN,SHIXUANZEZUO“TAIPINGGUAN”HAISHIXUANZECHENGDANZEREN、YIRENMINLIYIWEIZHONG,XIJINPINGYIRANZUOCHUJUEZE。TATAIDUJIANJUEDIBIAOSHI:“RENMINBAQUANLIJIAOJIWOMEN,WOMENJIUBIXUYISHENXUDANGXUGUO、BAODANGBAOGUO,GAIZUODESHIJIUYAOZUO,GAIDEZUIDERENJIUDEDEZUI。BUDEZUIFUBAIFENZI,JIUBIRANHUIGUFUDANG、DEZUIRENMIN。SHIPADEZUICHENGBAISHANGQIANDEFUBAIFENZI,HAISHIPADEZUISHISANYIRENMIN?BUDEZUICHENGBAISHANGQIANDEFUBAIFENZI,JIUYAODEZUISHISANYIRENMIN。ZHEISHIYIBIZAIMINGBAIBUGUODEZHENGZHIZHANG、RENXINXIANGBEIDEZHANG!”FANGGUOFUBAIFENZIJIUSHI“DUIRENMINDEFANZUI、DUIDANGBUFUZEREN!”[12]

                            星云棋牌官网下载   “QIANBAIREN”HE“SHISANYI”KANSIYIDAOBIJIAOJIANDANDEZHENGZHIZHANG,ERZHEDEQINGZHONGFENLIANGBUYANZIMING,DANZHENZHENGWANCHENGRANGRENMINQUNZHONGMANYIDEDAJUANBINGFEIYISHI。QIANBAINIANLAI,“DEMINXINZHEDETIANXIA”DEDAOLIRENJINJIEZHI,DANZHENZHENGNENGGOUBINGCHI“GOULIGUOJIASHENGSIYI”DELINIANHESHIMINGDANDANG,YI“SUIQIANWANRENWUWANGYI”DEJIANJUETAIDU,YUFUBAIWANJIZUOSHENGSICUNWANGDEDOUZHENGDEYOUYOUJIREN?GUJINZHONGWAIYOUYOUDUOSHAOZHIZHENGZHEHUOZHENGDANGZAIGEWUSHENGPINGZHONGBEIFUBAIFUSHI,MISHIZIJI,ZUIZHONGZOUXIANGWANGDANGWANGGUO,ZHEIZHONGSHENKEDELISHIJIAOXUNYINJIANBUYUAN。WEIYOUJIANGRENMINQUNZHONGDELIYISHIZHONGFANGZAISHOUWEI,CAINENGCONGGENBENSHANGYUFUBAIFENZISHUIHUOBURONG,GOUJIANQIQINGZHENGLIANMINGDEZHENGZHISHENGTAI。WEILERENMINQUNZHONG,ZHEIZHONGGAOYAQIANGLIFANFU、LINGRONGRENDEMUDESHIWEILEYINGDEDANGXINMINXIN。“DEZUIQIANBAIREN,BUFUSHISANYI”,TUXIANLEXIJINPINGZONGSHUJIFANFUCHANGLIANDEJUEXIN,YESHIXIANGQUANGUORENMINZUOCHUDECHENGNUO,GENGSHIJILIHEBIANCE。

                              XIJINPINGZHUZHENGNINGDESHIJIUCENGTICHUGUOLEISIDESIXIANG,ZAITANDAOFANFUBAISHEJIDAOQINPENGHAOYOU“RENQINGGUAN”RUHECHULISHI,TAMINGQUEZHICHU:“SHIGANGZHENGBUA、TIEMIANWUSI,HAISHISHOUXIALIUQING,DASHIHUAXIAO,XIAOSHIHUALE?RUGUOSHIZHEIYANG,WOMENZAIYIGERENSHENSHANGSANGSHIYUANZE,WOMENJIUHUIZAIQIANBAIWANRENXINSHANGSHIQUXINREN!”[3]22ZHENDUICHACHUGANBUWEIGUISIJIANZHUZHAISHICUNZAINANYIXIADINGJUEXIN、QUEFAGANYUDANDANGJINGSHEN,XIJINPINGPAIANERQI,“WOMENSHIDEZUIJIQIANMINGGANBU,HAISHIDEZUIJIBAIWANQUNZHONG?”[11]431XIJINPINGCONGZHUZHENGDIFANGSHITICHU“SHIDEZUIJIQIANMINGGANBU,HAISHIDEZUIJIBAIWANQUNZHONG?”DAODANRENDANGDEZONGSHUJIHOUTICHU“SHIPADEZUICHENGBAISHANGQIANDEFUBAIFENZI,HAISHIPADEZUISHISANYIRENMIN?”WULUNSHIYUQI、YONGCI、WENFENG,HAISHIZERENGAN、SHIMINGGAN,YIHUOSHIQIPO、DANSHIHEFANFUDEJUEXIN,HEQIXIANGSI!XIANERYIJIAN,XIJINPINGQIANGLIFANFUDEJUEXIN、WEIMINQINGMINGDEQINGHUAI,YICIYINGDEDANGXINMINXINDESIXIANGYIMAIXIANGCHENGERYOUYUSHIJUJIN。

                              (三)制度反腐

                            星云棋牌官网下载   FANFUBAISHIWEILECHUNJIEDANGDEDUIWU、GONGGUDANGDEZHIZHENGGENJI,NEIME,RUHEJIANLIQIZHANGXIAOJIZHILAIQUEBAORENMINQUNZHONGDELIYINI?ZHEIJIUYAOKAOZHIDULAITIGONGBAOZHANG,ZHIDUSHIGUANGENBEN,GUANHUZHANGYUAN。YIXIJINPINGTONGZHIWEIHEXINDEDANGZHONGYANGDUIRUHETIAOCHUZHONGGUOLISHISHANG“QIXINGYEBOYAN,QIWANGYEHUYAN”DE“ZHENGZHIZHOUQILV”YOUSHENRUDESIKAO。TAZHICHUDANGFENGLIANZHENGJIANSHEHEFANFUBAIDOUZHENGRENWUJIANJU,WEIYOU“JIANDINGJUEXIN,YOUFUBIFAN、YOUTANBISU,BUDUANCHANCHUFUBAIXIANXIANGZISHENGMANYANDETURANG”,CAINENG“YISHIJICHENGXIAOQUXINYUMIN”[11]345-346。TAQIANGDIAOYILINGRONGREN、WUJINQU、QUANFUGAIDETAIDUZHONGQUANFANFU,JIANCHI“LAOHU”“CANGYING”YIQIDA,“JIANQUANQUANLIYUNXINGZHIYUEHEJIANDUTIXI”,“BAQUANLIGUANJINZHIDUDELONGZILI”,“RANGQUANLIZAIYANGGUANGXIAYUNXING”[13]64。BUDUANWANSHANZHIDUTIXIJIANSHE,“ZUIDAXIANDUJIANSHAOTIZHIQUEXIANHEZHIDULOUDONG,TONGGUOSHENHUAGAIGEBUDUANCHANCHUFUBAIXIANXIANGZISHENGMANYANDETURANG”[11]392。DANGDESHIBADAYILAI,DANGZHONGYANGXIANHOUXIUDINGXIUGAI90DUOBUDANGNEIFAGUI,GUANDANGZHIDANGDE“LUOSHUAN”YUENINGYUEJIN,ZHIDUZHIDANGCHENGWEIQUANMIANCONGYANZHIDANGDEGENBENZHIJU。SHIJIUDABAOGAOZHONGTICHUYONG“LIUZHI”QUDAI“LIANGGUI”,SHIYONGFAZHISIWEI、FAZHIFANGSHICHENGZHIFUBAI,SHIFANFUZHIDUHUADEZHONGYAOBIAOZHI。CHENGLIGUOJIAJIANCHAWEIYUANHUI,JISHIJIANQUANDANGHEGUOJIAJIANDUTIXI,YOUSHIZHIDUHUAFANFUMAISHANGLEXINTAIJIE。

                            星云棋牌官网下载   ZAISHENKEZONGJIEGUOWAIZHANGQIZHIZHENGDEDADANGLAODANGYOUYUTANWUFUBAISHENGXING,DAOZHIMINYUANZAIDAO、SHEHUIDONGDANG、WANGDANGWANGGUODEJIAOXUNHOU,XIJINPINGZONGSHUJIQIANGDIAOZHICHU:“DALIANGSHISHIGAOSUWOMEN,FUBAIWENTIYUEYANYUELIE,ZUIZHONGBIRANHUIWANGDANGWANGGUO!”[11]16ZHEIJUEFEIWEIYANSONGTING。WEICITAHUYUQUANDANG:“YAOSHENKERENSHIFANFUBAIDOUZHENGDEZHANGQIXING、FUZAXING、JIANJUXING,YIMENGYAOQUKE、ZHONGDIANZHILUANDEJUEXIN,YIGUAGULIAODU、ZHUANGSHIDUANWANDEYONGQI,JIANJUEBADANGFENGLIANZHENGJIANSHEHEFANFUBAIDOUZHENGJINXINGDAODI。”[11]394ZAIGUONEI“DAHU”“PAIYING”DETONGSHI,ZAIGUOJISHANGJIAQIANGYUXIFANGGUOJIADEFANFUBAIHEZUO,QIDONG“TIANWANGXINGDONG”,JINXING“LIEHU”,ZAIQUANQIUFABU“BAIMINGHONGSETONGJILING”,YUNYONGWAIJIAO、JINRONGDENGSHOUDUAN,JIANGTAOWANGHAIWAIDEFUBAIFENZIYINDUHUIGUO,SHENGZHIYIFA,ZUDUANXIFANGGUOJIASHIFUBAIFENZITAOBICHENGFADETIANTANGHE“ZUIHOUYIGENJIUMINGDAOCAO”。“BUGUANFUBAIFENZITAODAONALI,DOUYAOJINAGUIAN、SHENGZIYIFA。”[14]TUXIANLEYIXIJINPINGTONGZHIWEIHEXINDEDANGZHONGYANGFANDUIFUBAIDEJIANQIANGJUEXIN,XIANGDANGNEIWAIHEGUOJISHEHUIXUANSHIYUFUBAISHUIHUOBURONGDEXIANMINGTAIDU。

                              (四)反腐败斗争未有穷期

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                            星云棋牌官网下载   XIJINPINGDANRENZONGSHUJIYILAI,GAOJUFANFULIJIAN,ZAIQUANDANGSHANGXIAXIANQIFANFUFENGBAO,QIANGHUAQUANLIYUNXINGJIANDUJIZHI,JINXINGDINGCENGSHEJI,BAQUANLIGUANJINZHIDUDELONGZILI。QUANGUOSUOYOUSHENG、ZIZHIQU、ZHIXIASHIJUNYOUFUSHENGJIYISHANGGANBULUOMA,SHIBADADAOSHIJIUDAWUNIANQIJIANCHACHU440MINGSHENGJUNJIYISHANGGANBU;SHIJIUDAYILAI,YOUCHACHUZHONGGUANGANBU80YUMING。“DANGNEICONGLAIMEIYOU‘DANSHUTIEQUAN’,SHEIYEDANGBUCHENG‘TIEMAOZIWANG’!ZHEIYANGDEGAOYAFANFU,QUNZHONGZENHUIBUHUANYING?ZHEIYANGDETIEWANCHENGTAN,BAIXINGYANNENGBUZHICHI?”ZAIDAHUBUTINGXIEDETONGSHI,“PAIYINGBUSHOURUAN”,CHACHUTINGJUJI、XIANCHUJI、KEJIJIYIXIAGANBU100DUOWANREN,BIAOMINGWOMENDANGDUI“XIAOGUANJUTAN”XIANXIANGJUEBUSHOURUAN。FANFUBAIDOUZHENGJIDANGQUANDANG,FUBAIFENZIFENFENLUOMA,ERGUANGDARENMINQUNZHONGHUANHUQUEYUE,JIAOHAOSHENGCIQIBIFU。

                            星云棋牌官网下载   DANGFENGLIANZHENGJIANSHEHEFANFUBAIDOUZHENGCHENGXIAOXIANZHE,CHENGWEISHIBADAYILAI“DANGHEGUOJIAGONGZUOZHONGZUIDADELIANGDIAN、ZUISHENDERENXINDE”SHIQING,RENMINQUNZHONGDUIFANFUBAIGONGZUOCHENGXIAODEMANYIDU“YOU2012NIANDE75.0%ZENGZHANGZHI2016NIANDE92.9%”。JINGUANRUCI,XIJINPINGQIANGDIAOBUNENGYOUJIANHAOJIUSHOU、YILAOYONGYIDEXIANGFA,XUZHONGEZHI、QIANGGAOYA、ZHANGZHENSHE、CHIZHIYIHENG、SHANZUOSHANCHENG,TUIDONGQUANMIANCONGYANZHIDANGXIANGZONGSHENFAZHAN。“WOMENYAOJIANCHIWENTIDAOXIANG,BAOCHIZHANLVEDINGLI,TUIDONGQUANMIANCONGYANZHIDANGXIANGZONGSHENFAZHAN,GONGGUKUODAFANFUBAIYADAOXINGTAISHI,ZAILISHIXINGGANKAOZHONGBUDUANXIANGRENMINJIAOCHUYOUYIDEDAJUAN。”[16]ZAICHIXUSHENGSHIHAODADEGAOYAFANFUTAISHIXIA,WEIFALUANJIDEGAOGUAN“TOUANZISHOU”DEXIAOXIPINPINJIANZHUBAODUAN,WAITAORENYUANYEFENFENZHUDONGTOUAN,BIAOMINGFANFUCHANGLIANZOUCHULEYITIAOZHUOYOUCHENGXIAODELUZI,YINZHENGLE“FANFUBAIDOUZHENGQUDEYADAOXINGSHENGLI,QUANMIANCONGYANZHIDANGQUDEZHONGDACHENGGUO”DEPANDUAN。JINGUANRUCI,FANFUBAIDOUZHENGXINGSHIBUJINYIRANYANJUNFUZA,ERQIESHANGWEIQUDECHEDISHENGLI,“QUANMIANCONGYANZHIDANGYIRANRENZHONGDAOYUAN,BIXUJIANG‘YAN’ZIZHANGQIJIANCHIXIAQU”[17],FANFUBAIDOUZHENGWEIYOUQIONGQI、YONGYUANZAILUSHANG,FACHULEXINSHIDAIQUANMIANCONGYANZHIDANGZAICHUFADEKENGQIANGHAOLING!ZHEIJISHIBIANCEWOMENQIANXINGLUSHANGBUWANGCHUXIN,YESHIXIANGWAIJIEXUANSHIDANGZHONGYANGYINGZAOQINGZHENGLIANJIE、ZHENGZHIQINGMINGDEZHENGZHISHENGTAIHUANJINGDEJUEXIN,TONGSHIBIAOMINGWOMENDANGYOUNENGLI、YOUXINXINTONGGUO“LISHISANXIA”,CONGERMAIXIANGXIANDAIHUADEMINZUQIANGGUOZHENGCHENG,SHIXIANZHONGHUAMINZUWEIDAFUXINGDEZHONGGUOMENG。

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                              参考文献

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                            星云棋牌官网下载   [17] 新华社.分析研究2019年经济工作研究部署党风廉政建设和反腐败工作[N].人民日报,2017-12-14(1).

                              霍贺.习近平反腐倡廉思想的历史考察[J].华北水利水电大学学报(社会科学版),2019,35(06):13-18.
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